Category:Spacecraft launched in 2000
Pages in category "Spacecraft launched in 2000"
The following 56 pages are in this category, out of 56 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 56 pages are in this category, out of 56 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. High Energy Transient Explorer – The High Energy Transient Explorer was an American astronomical satellite with international participation. The prime objective of HETE was to out the first multiwavelength study of gamma-ray bursts with UV, X-ray. The satellite bus for the first HETE was designed and built by AeroAstro, Inc. of Herndon, VA, the first HETE was lost during the launch on Nov.4,1996. The Pegasus rocket achieved an orbit, but explosive bolts releasing HETE from another satellite and from its DPAF envelope failed to charge. A battery on the stage of the rocket and responsible for these bolts cracked during the ascent. A second HETE satellite, HETE-2, was launched on October 9,2000 in a follow-up mission and it was similar to the first HETE, but replaced the UV camera with an additional X-ray camera capable of higher localization accuracy than the original X-ray instrument. HETE-2 was placed in a 625 km altitude Earth orbit with an inclination of 0-2 degrees, among the achievements of the HETE-2 mission are, The discovery of GRB030329, a widely observed, nearby gamma ray burst, firmly connecting GRBs with supernovas. The discovery of GRB050709, which was the first short/hard GRB to be found with an optical counterpart, dark bursts, or GRBs previously thought to have no optical counterparts, are not completely optically dark. Some of these dark GRBs fade in the very rapidly, others are dimmer. The establishment of another subclass of GRBs, the less energetic X-Ray Flashes, the first to send out arcminute positions of GRBs to the observation community within tens of seconds of the onset of GRB. The HETE website lists 6 in 2001,19 in 2002,25 in 2003,19 in 2004,12 in 2005,3 in 2006 - the last reported being in March 2006, the trigger summaries lists 2 GRBs in May 2006 and an XRB in Jan 2007. As of March 2007 The operational efficiency of the HETE spacecraft and instruments has decreased due to the advanced age of the NiCd batteries on board
2. STS-92 – STS-92 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station flown by Space Shuttle Discovery. STS-92 marked the 100th mission of the Space Shuttle and it was launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida,11 October 2000. The Z1 truss was the first exterior framework installed on the ISS, the Ku-band communication system supported early science capabilities and U. S. television on flight 6A. The mission included seven days of docked operations with the station, four EVAs. Over the course of four scheduled spacewalks, two teams of walkers and an experienced robot arm operator collaborated to install the Z1 truss structure on top of the U. S. Unity connecting node on the station and to deliver the third Pressurized Mating Adapter to the ISS for the future berthing of new station components. The Z1 truss was the first permanent lattice-work structure for the ISS, very much like a girder, the Z1 fixture also served as the platform on which the huge U. S. solar arrays were mounted on the next shuttle assembly flight, STS-97. S. During the fourth spacewalk, astronauts Wisoff and López-Alegría tested the SAFER jet backpack, flying up to 50 feet while remaining tethered to the spacecraft
3. STS-97 – STS-97 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour. On Flight Day 3, Commander Brent Jett linked Endeavour to the ISS while 230 statute miles above northeast Kazakhstan, also, the ODS centerline camera was installed with no misalignment noted. From inside Endeavour, Canadian Mission Specialist Marc Garneau used the Canadarm to remove the P6 truss from the payload bay, at 09,36 EST on 8 December 2000 the crew paid the first visit to the Expedition 1 crew residing in the space station. Until then the shuttle and the station had kept one hatch closed to maintain respective atmospheric pressures, allowing the crew to conduct their spacewalks. On 9 December 2000 the two crews completed final transfers of supplies to the station and other items being returned to Earth, the Endeavour crew bade farewell to the Expedition 1 crew at 10,51 EST and closed the hatches between the spacecraft. After being docked together for 6 days,23 hours and 13 minutes, piloted by Michael Bloomfield, it then made an hour-long, tail-first circle of the station. The undocking took place 235 statute miles above the border of Kazakhstan, the final separation burn took place near the northeast coast of South America. STS-97 was the 15th flight of Endeavour and the 101st Space Shuttle mission, NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, which was first used to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. Each track is chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew. NASA mission summary STS-97 Video Highlights
4. STS-99 – STS-99 was a Space Shuttle mission using Endeavour, that launched on 11 February 2000 from Kennedy Space Center, Florida. The primary objective of the mission was the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission project and this was also the last solo flight of Endeavour, all future flights for Endeavour became devoted to the International Space Station. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission was a project spearheaded by the National Imagery and Mapping Agency and NASA. Its objective was to obtain the most complete high-resolution digital topographic database of the Earth, SRTM consisted of a specially modified radar system that flew onboard Endeavour during its 11-day mission. This radar system gathered around 8 terabytes of data to produce high-quality 3-D images of the Earths surface, SRTM used C-band and X-band interferometric synthetic aperture radar to acquire topographic data of Earths land mass. It produced digital topographic map products which met Interferometric Terrain Height Data -2 specifications, the result of the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission was close to 1 trillion measurements of the Earths topography. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission mast was deployed successfully to its length. After a successful checkout of the systems, mapping began at 00,31 EST. Crewmembers split into two shifts so they could work around the clock, and began mapping an area from 60 degrees north to 56 degrees south, Data was sent to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for analysis, and early indications showed the data to be of excellent quality. The increase was caused by a failure of the payload cold-gas thrust system that was used to offset the gravity gradient torque of the mast, as a result of this failure, orbiter propellant was being used at a higher-than-planned rate to maintain the attitude of the vehicle. Measures to reduce the expenditure were evaluated and based on the analysis, the first of a series of flycast maneuvers during the mission was also made on the second day of flight. The flycast maneuver was designed to reduce strain on the almost 200 foot mast extending from Endeavour’s payload bay when adjustments to Endeavour’s orbit were needed, the orbiter, which flew tail-first during mapping operations, was moved to a nose-first attitude with the mast extending upward. A brief reaction control system began the maneuver. This caused the mast to deflect slightly backwards then rebound forward, as it reached vertical, a stronger thrust was applied, arresting the masts motion and increasing the orbiters speed. Radar data gathering concluded at 06,54 EST on the day of flight after a final sweep across Australia. Only about 80,000 square miles in scattered areas remained unimaged, most of them in North America, enough data was gathered to fill the equivalent of 20,000 CDs. Also aboard Endeavour was a student experiment called EarthKAM, which took 2,715 digital photos during the mission through an overhead flight-deck window, the NASA-sponsored program allowed middle school students to select photo targets and receive the images via the Internet. The pictures were used in projects on Earth science, geography, mathematics
5. STS-101 – STS-101 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis. The mission was a 10-day mission conducted between 19 May 2000 and 29 May 2000, the mission was designated 2A. 2a and was a resupply mission to the International Space Station. STS-101 was delayed 3 times in April due to high winds, STS-101 traveled 4.1 million miles and completed 155 revolutions of the earth and landed on runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center. The mission was the first to fly with the glass cockpit, the crew performed a spacewalk and then reboosted the station from 230 miles to 250 miles. S. Assembly parts, tools and equipment were transferred to the station. The station was resupplied with water, a docking mechanism accessory kit, film and video tape for documentation, office supplies. Crew health maintenance items were also transferred including exercise equipment, medical supplies, formaldehyde monitor kit. This mission was almost similar to the Columbia disaster, a damaged tile seam caused a breach which allowed superheated gas to enter the left wing during reentry. The gas did not penetrate deeply and the damage was repaired before the next flight, if it had penetrated deeply the Shuttle could have been destroyed during reentry. This mission was the first mission to fly with a glass cockpit, NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, which was first used to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. Each track is chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew. STS-101 Extravehicular Activities https, //spaceflight. nasa. gov/shuttle/archives/sts-101/eva/index. html NASA mission summary STS-101 Video Highlights
6. STS-106 – STS-106 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis. The mission also included one spacewalk, veteran Astronaut Terrence Wilcutt lead the seven-man crew, commanding his second Shuttle flight and making his fourth trip into space. Zvezda, which linked up to the ISS on 26 July, the goal of the flight was to prepare Zvezda for the arrival of the first residents, or Expedition, crew later in the fall of 2000 and the start of a permanent human presence on the new outpost. On flight day three, Dr. Ed Lu and Yuri Malenchenko, who were making their second flights into space, conducted a 6-hour and 14 minute space walk. They completed this with the assistance of their crewmates Burbank and Mastracchio who deftly maneuvered them around with the robotic arm and this spacewalk celebrates the sixth spacewalk in support of the station assembly and the 50th spacewalk in space shuttle history. Also this was the second joint U. S. Lu, designated EV1, wore the space marked by red stripes, while Malenchenko, EV2. This was Lus first space walk, while Malenchenko had conducted a pair of space walks totaling 12 hours during his stay aboard Mir in 1994. Dan Burbank, who was a rookie, served as the space walk choreographer. Mastracchio is backed up on arm operations by Pilot Scott Altman, the final member of the crew was Russian Cosmonaut Dr. Boris Morukov, making his first flight into space. Morukov was responsible for unloading supplies from the Progress vehicle during the phase of the flight. On flight day four the crew entered the International Space Station through Pressurized Mating Adapter-2 to begin the operations of more than three tons of hardware and supplies. Atlantis crew was the first to see the interior of the Russian Zvezda service module since it was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in July, additionally, a reboost was performed using the orbiters Reaction Control System to place the station in a higher orbit. Transfer of supplies and maintenance tasks continued well into the fifth day, activities on flight day five included the installation of three batteries inside Zvezda. In order to reduce the weight for launch, Zvezda was launched only five of its eight batteries in place. Lu and Malenchenko spent much of day seven installing voltage. Components of the Elektron system, equipment sent into orbit to separate water into oxygen and hydrogen, were installed, the astronauts spent a total of 5 days,9 hours and 21 minutes inside the station before closing the hatch on the orbiting outpost. Wilcutt and Altman commanded a series of four altitude boosts to place the station in an orbit of approximately 241 by 233 statute miles, the first initial amateur radio station was flown on board the space shuttle Atlantis on STS-106. The crew transferred the ham radio gear into the station for future use by the Expedition One crew
7. Zvezda (ISS module) – Zvezda, DOS-8, also known as the Zvezda Service Module, is a component of the International Space Station. It was the module launched to the station, and provides all of the stations life support systems, some of which are supplemented in the USOS. It is the structural and functional center of the Russian portion of the station - the Russian Orbital Segment, the module was manufactured by RKK Energia, with major sub-contracting work by GKNPTs Khrunichev. Zvezda was launched on a Proton rocket on July 12,2000, the basic structural frame of Zvezda, known as DOS-8, was initially built in the mid-1980s to be the core of the Mir-2 space station. This means that Zvezda is similar in layout to the module of the Mir space station. It was in fact labeled as Mir-2 for quite some time in the factory and its design lineage thus extends back to the original Salyut stations. The space frame was completed in February 1985 and major equipment was installed by October 1986. The MIR-2 space station was redesigned after the failure of the Polyus orbital weapons platform core module to reach orbit, Zvezda is around 1/4 the size of Polyus, and has no armaments. The component weighs about 18,051 kg and had a length of 13.1 metres, the solar panels extend 29.7 metres. The Transfer Compartment attaches to the Zarya module, and has docking ports intended for the Science Power Platform and it was used only during Expedition 2, where two men put a docking cone on the nadir port. The lower port connects to Pirs and the top port connects to Poisk, eventually, the plan for Pirs is for it to be deorbited and replaced by the Multipurpose Laboratory Module. The Assembly Compartment holds external equipment such as thrusters, thermometers, antennas, the Transfer Chamber is equipped with automatic docking equipment and is used to service Soyuz and Progress spacecraft. Zvezda can support up to six crew including separate sleeping quarters for two cosmonauts at a time and it also has a NASA-provided Treadmill with Vibration Isolation System and a bicycle for exercise, a toilet and other hygiene facilities and a galley with a refrigerator and freezer. The module contains the primary Russian computers for guidance and navigation, Zvezda has 14 windows— There are two 9-inch-diameter windows, one in each of the two crew sleep compartments. Six 9-inch-diameter windows on the forward Transfer Compartment earth facing floor, as well a 16-inch-diameter window in the main Working Compartment and one 3-inch-diameter window in the aft transfer compartment. There are a further three 9-inch-diameter windows in the end of the forward transfer compartment, for observing approaching craft. Note, Window No.11 is unaccounted for in all available sources, Zvezda also contains the Elektron system that electrolyzes condensed humidity and waste water to provide hydrogen and oxygen. The hydrogen is expelled into space and the oxygen is used for breathing air, the condensed water and the waste water can be used for drinking in an emergency, but ordinarily fresh water from Earth is used
8. TDRS-8 – TDRS-8, known before launch as TDRS-H, is an American communications satellite which is operated by NASA as part of the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System. It was constructed by Boeing is based on the BSS-601 satellite bus and its launch was contracted by International Launch Services, using an Atlas IIA carrier rocket. The launch occurred on 30 June 2000, at 12,55 GMT from Space Launch Complex 36A at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and it was the first Advanced Tracking and Data Relay Satellite to be launched. Due to a malfunction of the phased array antenna the spacecraft did not provide the expected level of performance for eighteen of the communications services that it was to provide. The same problem was found and corrected on the TDRS-9 and TDRS-10 satellites prior to their launches, following its launch it raised itself into geostationary orbit by means of its onboard R-4D apogee motor, and was positioned at 150° West for on-orbit testing. After testing was complete, it was moved to 171° West from where it provides services to spacecraft in Earth orbit, including the Space Shuttle
9. GOES 11 – It was launched in 2000, and operated at the GOES-WEST position, providing coverage of the west coast of the United States, until December 6,2011. GOES-L was launched aboard an International Launch Services Atlas IIA rocket, the launch occurred at 07,07 UTC on 3 May. The launch was scheduled for 15 March 1999, however it was delayed to allow the Eutelsat W3 satellite to be launched first. Following this, it was rescheduled for 15 May, on 30 April, the Centaur upper stage of a Titan IVB failed during the launch of USA-143. Since a version of the Centaur was also used on the Atlas II, less than five days after the Titan failure, a Delta III failed to launch Orion 3. The failure occurred during the second restart, and as the Delta III. When the Centaur was cleared for flight in August 1999, GOES-L was rescheduled to launch in November and this then slipped to December in order to allow a UFO to launch ahead of it, before slipping again when a DSCS launch was added to the manifest. In January 2000, a date of 3 May was announced. The launch on 3 May occurred successfully, forty minutes into the launch window, at launch, the satellite had a mass of 2,217 kilograms, and an expected operational lifespan of five years, although it carried fuel for longer. It was built by Space Systems/Loral, based on the LS-1300 satellite bus, following launch, GOES11 was positioned in geostationary orbit at a longitude of 104° West for testing and on-orbit storage. In 2006, it was moved to 135° West to replace the GOES10 satellite, by the time it entered service, it had already been in orbit for a year past the end of its design life. On December 6,2011, GOES11 was decommissioned and replaced by GOES15, on December 15,2011, the booster was fired to move the satellite 185 miles above its previous orbit, and it was officially decommissioned. 2000 in spaceflight List of GOES satellites
10. Progress M1-3 – Progress M1-3, identified by NASA as Progress 1 or 1P, was the first Progress spacecraft to visit the International Space Station. It was a Progress-M1 11F615A55 spacecraft, with the serial number 251, Progress M1-3 was launched by a Soyuz-U carrier rocket from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Launch occurred at 16,26,42 GMT on 6 August 2000, the spacecraft docked with the Aft port of the Zvezda module at 20,12,56 GMT on 8 August. It remained docked for three months before undocking at 04,04,49 GMT on 1 November to make way for Soyuz TM-31 and it was deorbited at 07,05,00 GMT on the same day. The spacecraft burned up in the atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean, Progress M1-3 carried supplies to the International Space Station. It was unloaded during the Space Shuttle missions STS-106 and STS-92, the Expedition 1 crew arrived the day after Progress M1-3 departed the Station, using the docking port that it had vacated. List of Progress flights List of unmanned spaceflights to the ISS