Category:Spaghetti Western directors
Pages in category "Spaghetti Western directors"
The following 37 pages are in this category, out of 37 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 37 pages are in this category, out of 37 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Spaghetti Western – The term was used by American critics and other countries because most of these Westerns were produced and directed by Italians. According to veteran Spaghetti Western actor Aldo Sambrell, the phrase Spaghetti Western was coined by Spanish journalist Alfonso Sánchez, the denomination for these films in Italy is western allitaliana. Italo-Western is also used, especially in Germany, the term Eurowesterns may be used to also include Western movies that were produced in Europe but not called Spaghetti Westerns, like the West German Winnetou films or Ostern Westerns. The majority of the films were international co-productions between Italy and Spain, and sometimes France, Germany, Israel, Yugoslavia, or the United States. These movies were released in Italian, but as most of the films featured multilingual casts and sound was post-synched. Over six hundred European Westerns were made between 1960 and 1978 and these are consistently listed among the best Westerns of any variety. Sergio Leones A Fistful of Dollars established the Spaghetti Western as a kind of Western. In this seminal film the hero enters a town that is ruled by two outlaw gangs and ordinary social relations are non-existent and he betrays and plays the gangs against one another in order to make money. Then he uses his cunning and exceptional skill to assist a family threatened by both gangs. His treachery is exposed and he is beaten, but in the end he defeats the remaining gang. Leone moved on from borrowing and established his own oft imitated style, Leones films and other core Spaghetti Westerns are often described as having eschewed, criticised or even demythologized many of the conventions of traditional U. S. Westerns. This was partly intentional and partly the context of a different cultural background, use of pathos received a big boost with Sergio Corbuccis influential Django. However, in the years use of cunning and irony became more prominent. This was seen in Leones next two Westerns, with their emphasis on unstable partnerships, Ennio Morricones music for A Fistful of Dollars and later Spaghetti Westerns was just as seminal and imitated. It expresses a similar duality between quirky and unusual sounds and instruments on the one hand, and sacral dramatizing for the big scenes on the other. Most Spaghetti Westerns were made on low budgets, using inexpensive locales, gods Gun was filmed in Israel. In the 1960s, critics recognized that the American genres were rapidly changing, the genre most identifiably American, the Western, seemed to be evolving into a new rougher form. For many critics, Sergio Leones films were part of the problem, Leones Dollars Trilogy was not the beginning of the Spaghetti Western cycle in Italy, but for Americans Leones films represented the true beginning of the Italian invasion of an American genre
2. Sergio Leone – Sergio Leone was an Italian film director, producer and screenwriter, credited as the inventor of the Spaghetti Western genre. Leones film-making style includes juxtaposing extreme close-up shots with lengthy long shots. born in Rome, Leone was the son of the cinema pioneer Vincenzo Leone and the silent film actress Edvige Valcarenghi. During his schooldays, Leone was a classmate of his musical collaborator Ennio Morricone for a time. After watching his work on film sets, Leone began his own career in the film industry at the age of 18 after dropping out of law studies at the university. Working in Italian cinematography, he began as an assistant to Vittorio de Sica during the movie The Bicycle Thief in 1948, Leone began writing screenplays during the 1950s, primarily for the sword and sandal historical epics, popular at the time. When director Mario Bonnard fell ill during the production of the 1959 Italian epic The Last Days of Pompeii, starring Steve Reeves, Leone was asked to step in and complete the film. As a result, when the time came to make his directorial debut with The Colossus of Rhodes. His film A Fistful of Dollars was based upon Akira Kurosawas Edo-era samurai adventure Yojimbo, Leones film elicited a legal challenge from the Japanese director, though Kurosawas film was in turn probably based on the 1929 Dashiell Hammett novel, Red Harvest. A Fistful of Dollars is also notable for establishing Clint Eastwood as a star, until that time Eastwood had been an American television actor with few credited film roles. The look of A Fistful of Dollars was established by its Spanish locations, the film paid tribute to traditional American western films, but significantly departed from them in storyline, plot, characterization and mood. The characters were also morally ambiguous by appearing generously compassionate, or nakedly and brutally self-serving, relationships revolved around power and retributions were emotion-driven rather than conscience-driven. According to Christopher Fraylings book Something to do with Death, Leone knew a deal about the American Old West. It fascinated him as a child, which carried into his adulthood, the films featured innovative music scores by Ennio Morricone, who worked closely with Leone in devising the themes. Leone had a way of shooting scenes with Morricones music ongoing. In addition, Clint Eastwood stayed with the series, joined later by Eli Wallach, Lee van Cleef. Based on the success of The Man with No Name trilogy, the film was shot mostly in Almería, Spain and Cinecittà in Rome. It was also shot in Monument Valley, Utah. The film starred Charles Bronson, Henry Fonda, Jason Robards, Once Upon a Time in the West emerged as a long, violent, dreamlike meditation upon the mythology of the American Old West, with many stylistic references to iconic western films
3. Lucio Fulci – Lucio Fulci was an Italian film director, screenwriter and actor. He is perhaps best known for his films, including Zombi 2 and The Beyond, although he made films in genres as diverse as giallo, western. Fulci is known as the Godfather of Gore, a title given to Herschell Gordon Lewis. Fulci was born in Rome, Italy, on 17 June 1927, in the early 1960s, Fulci wrote or directed around 18 Italian comedies, many of them starring the famous Italian comedian team of Franco Franchi and Ciccio Ingrassia. Most of these films did not enjoy wider distribution in English-speaking countries. Fulcis first film distributed theatrically in the USA was Oh and those Most Secret Agents. in 1965. Only three of his other 1960s films were released in the U. S, massacre Time, Una sullaltra and Beatrice Cenci. His first film to gain significant notoriety in his country, Dont Torture a Duckling. Fulci had a Catholic upbringing and referred to himself as a Catholic, despite this, some of his movies have been viewed as having anti-Catholic sentiment. In one of his films, a priest is depicted as a child killer, while in another film. In 1979, he achieved his breakthrough with Zombi 2. He followed it up several other tales of horror films, also featuring zombies. His features released from 1979 through 1983 were described by critics as being among the most violent. Others were released Unrated in order to avoid an X-rating which would have restricted the films target audiences to adults, the unrated films often played worldwide in drive-ins and grindhouses where they developed a cult following. Many of Fulcis horror films tend to contain injury to the eye sequences, in which a characters eyeball is either pierced or pulled out of its socket, usually in lingering, several of Fulcis movies were prohibited in Europe or were released in heavily cut versions. Of the original 72 films on the video nasty list in the United Kingdom. After collaborating with screenwriter Sacchetti for six years, Fulci went off on his own in 1983 to direct the movie Conquest in Mexico, failing to involve Sacchetti in the deal. The film did poorly upon its release, and afterwards, Fulci had trouble jump-starting his working relationship with Sacchetti, who by that time had gone his own way
4. Enzo G. Castellari – Enzo G. Castellari is an Italian film director. Enzo G. Castellari was born on 29 July 1938 in Rome Italy, Castellari was born into a family of filmmakers. His father was a boxer turned film maker Marino Girolami and his uncle is filmmaker Romolo Guerrieri and his brother was actor Ennio Girolami. Castellari initially was a boxer like his father and went to school to get a degree in architecture, Castellari began work on film assisting with various jobs on sets of his fathers films. Among his early credits included uncredited roles in directing films such as Few Dollars for Django, many of Castellaris early works are Westerns. He received his official credited directorial debut with Renegade Riders, a shot in Spain. After releasing the Western Kill Them All and Come Back Alone, Castellari directed his first poliziotteschi film with High Crime starring Franco Nero. Nero and Castellari formed a relationship with the film and work together for seven features, Castellari later noted his work with Nero, stating I think that to have an actor like Franco Nero is one of the best things that can happen to a director. Casterllari created further poliziotteschi films in the late 1970s as well as the war film The Inglorious Bastards, Castellari was offered to direct the film Zombi 2, but turned it down as he didnt feel he would be the right director for a horror film. In the 1980s the popularity of the poliziotteschi faltered and Castellaris film Day of the Cobra with Franco Nero was not popular in the box office, Casterllari followed it up with The Last Shark, a film about a small beach town terrorized by a bloodthirsty great white shark. The film was withdrawn from theaters after Universal Studios sued the production for being too similar to the film Jaws. Casterllari next film 1990, The Bronx Warriors was a hit that created a small wave of films from Italy inspired by the John Carpenter film Escape from New York. The mid-to-late 1980s work for Casterllari was work made for foreign markets such as Light Blast, Striker, in the 1990s, Castellaris work was mostly dedicated to made-for-television productions. Castellari made a film in 2010 with Caribbean Basterds, a film which received a theatrical release in Italy which was a rarity for locally made genres films at the time. Cinema Italiano, The Complete Guide from Classics to Cult
5. Sergio Corbucci – Sergio Corbucci was an Italian film director. He is best known for his very violent spaghetti westerns and he is the older brother of screenwriter and film director Bruno Corbucci. He started his career by directing mostly low-budget sword and sandal movies, among his first spaghetti westerns were the films Grand Canyon Massacre, as well as Minnesota Clay, his first solo directed spaghetti western. Corbuccis first commercial success was with the spaghetti western Django, starring Franco Nero. Vamos a matar, Companeros, which also starred Tomas Milian, the last film of the Mexican Revolution trilogy - The Mercenary and Compañeros being the first two in the installment - was What Am I Doing in the Middle of the Revolution. After Django, Corbucci made many other westerns, which made him the most successful Italian western director after Sergio Leone and one of Italys most productive. His most famous of these pictures was The Great Silence, a dark and gruesome western starring a mute action hero, the film was banned in some countries for its excessive display of violence. Corbucci also directed Navajo Joe, starring Burt Reynolds as the character, a Navajo Indian opposing a group of bandits that killed his tribe, as well as The Hellbenders. Ringo and his Golden Pistol starring Mark Damon, other spaghetti westerns he directed include Gli specialisti, La Banda J. S. Cronaca criminale del Far West, with Tomas Milian and The White the Yellow, corbuccis westerns were dark and brutal, with the characters portrayed as sadistic anti heroes. His films featured very high body counts and scenes of mutilation, Django especially is considered to have set a new level for violence in westerns. In the 1970s and 1980s Corbucci mostly directed comedies, often starring Adriano Celentano, many of these comedies were huge successes at the Italian box-office, although they were barely released abroad. His movies were taken seriously by contemporary critics and he was considered an exploitation director. Sergio Corbucci at the Internet Movie Database Sergio Corbucci at Find a Grave
6. Damiano Damiani – Damiano Damiani was an Italian screenwriter, film director, actor and writer. In 1946 Damiano Damiani became part of the so-called Group of Venice with Fernando Carcupino, Hugo Pratt, born in Pasiano di Pordenone, Friuli, Damiani studied at the Accademia di Brera in Milan, then made his début in 1947 with the documentary La banda dAffari. After a few years as a screenwriter, he directed his first feature film in 1960 and his 1962 film Arturos Island won the Golden Shell at the San Sebastián International Film Festival. The 1960s were Damianis golden decade, he was praised by critics, in 1966 he directed A Bullet for the General, one of the first and one of the most notable political Spaghetti Westerns. In 1968, with The Day of the Owl, he started a series of films in social criticism. His 1971 film Confessions of a Police Captain won the Golden Prize at the 7th Moscow International Film Festival, in 1973 Damiani débuted as an actor, playing Giovanni Amendola in Florestano Vancinis The Matteotti Murder. He was known to horror film fans for directing Amityville II. In 1984 he directed one of the most famous Italian television series, La piovra and his last feature film was Assassini dei giorni di festa, directed in 2002. Damiani died on 7 March 2013, at his home in Rome, from respiratory failure, he was 90 years old
7. Umberto Lenzi – Umberto Lenzi was born on June 8,1931 in the Massa Marittima province of Italy. Lenzi was a film enthusiast as early as grade school, while studying law, Lenzi also created film fan clubs. Lenzi eventually put off studying law and began pursuing the arts of filmmaking. He enrolled in Romes Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografica in 1956 and made the short I ragazzi di Trastevere as a final exam, Lenzi also worked as a journalist for various newspapers and magazines, including Bianco e Nero. Prior to what his officially first credited film as a director, Queen of the Seas, Lenzis films of the 1960s revolved around popular genres of their respective time periods. Lenzi adapted himself to making war films such as Desert Commandos and Legion of the Damned and Westerns such as Pistol for a Hundred Coffins, Lenzi had box office successes in Italy with his erotic thrillers starring Carroll Baker such as Orgasmo, So Sweet. So Perverse and A Quiet Place to Kill which were influenced by French film noir movies drawing from the works of Jacques Deray, other gialli created by Lenzi in the early 1970s included Spasmo and Wide-Eyed in the Dark. During the early 1970s, Lenzi also created the first of the Italian cannibal films, with The Man from Deep River, a genre that he would explore again in the 1980s with Eaten Alive and Cannibal Ferox. During the late 1970s, Lenzi devoted himself almost exclusively to crime dramas, the 1980s began the decline of genre cinema in Italy. Despite this, it marked the release of films that Roberto Curti described as some of Lenzis most notorious and these included Nightmare City and the previously mentioned Cannibal Ferox. Follow these films, Lenzi created some sex comedies including Cicciabomba, other later 1980s work included the horror films that were made for television, including The House of Witchraft and The House of Lost Souls. In 1992, Lenzi directed David Warbeck in the first of a series of films called Hornsby. Lenzi would end his career with a few cop films that were similar to the American productions of that period. Lenzi later embarked on a career as a novelist, writing a series of murder set in the 1930s and 40s Cinecitta. Roberto Curti referred to Lenzi as one of the leading figures in Italian genre cinema
8. Pasquale Squitieri – Pasquale Squitieri was an Italian film director and screenwriter. Born in Naples, Squitieri graduated in law, then was involved in stage, as author. He made his debut with Io e Dio, produced by Vittorio De Sica. His film Il prefetto di ferro won the David di Donatello for Best Film in 1978, a film about the brigand Carmine Crocco, was suspended from the cinemas and it is not available on the home video market. Squitieri is the partner of Claudia Cardinale from 1974 and his 1980 film Savage Breed was entered into the 12th Moscow International Film Festival. Pasquale Squitieri at the Internet Movie Database