California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
El Prado Complex
The El Prado Complex is a historic district in Balboa Park in San Diego, California. The 13-acre complex includes 13 contributing buildings and one contributing structure, most of the structures were built for San Diegos Panama-California Exposition of 1915–16 and were refurbished and re-used for the California Pacific International Exposition of 1935–36. The original architects were Bertram Goodhue and Carleton Winslow, the area was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. The El Prado Complex corresponds to El Prado, the avenue, together with the buildings. The blue area between it and the Cabrillo Bridge is the California Quadrangle, listed on the National Register
Los Angeles Public Library
The Los Angeles Public Library system serves the residents of the City of Los Angeles. With more than six million volumes, it serves the largest population of any publicly funded system in the United States. The system is overseen by a Board of Library Commissioners with five members appointed by the mayor of Los Angeles in staggered terms in accordance with the city charter, Library cards are free to California residents. Circulating books, computer access and audiovisual materials are available to patrons, Library materials are loaned for 3 weeks. Fines are charged only if materials are returned late, there is a loan limit of 10 books,10 magazines, and 4 DVDs or videos at one time up to maximum of 30 items on the patron’s record. Items checked out from Los Angeles Public Library may be returned to any of its 72 branches or to the Central Library, most items may be renewed a maximum of two times. Entertainment DVDs and videos may be renewed one time, the Los Angeles Public Library has many community support organizations which work with the library to raise funds and sponsor programs to enhance library service throughout the community.
The Librarys Rare Books Department is located in its downtown Los Angeles location, there is an extensive selection of databases covering a wide variety of topics, many of which are available to remote users who hold an LAPL library card. Examples include full-text databases of periodicals, business directories, and language learning tools, the library offers an online program that allows adult patrons who have not completed high school to earn their high school diploma. Aggressive expansion and growth of the began in the 1920s. Under Library Board of Commissioners Chairman Orra E. Monnette, the system was improved with a network of branch libraries with new buildings. Thelma Jackman founded the Business & Economics section of the library prior to 1970. The historic Central Library Goodhue building was constructed in 1926 and is a Downtown Los Angeles landmark, the Richard Riordan Central Library complex is the third largest public library in the United States in terms of book and periodical holdings.
The new wing of Central Library, completed in 1993, was named in honor of former mayor Tom Bradley, the complex was subsequently renamed in 2001 for former Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan, as the Richard Riordan Central Library. The Los Angeles Public Library received the National Medal for Museum and Library Service, City Librarian John F. Szabo and community member Sergio Sanchez accepted the award on behalf of the library from First Lady Michelle Obama during a White House Ceremony on May 20,2015. Architect Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue designed the original Los Angeles Central Library with influences of ancient Egyptian and Mediterranean Revival architecture, the central tower is topped with a tiled mosaic pyramid with suns on the sides with a hand holding a torch representing the Light of Learning at the apex. Other elements include sphinxes and celestial mosaics and it has sculptural elements by the preeminent American architectural sculptor Lee Lawrie, similar to the Nebraska State Capitol in Lincoln, designed by Goodhue.
The building is a designated Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, and is on the National Register of Historic Places and it included an enormous, eight-story atrium wing dedicated to former mayor Tom Bradley
Burlingame is a Caltrain station in Burlingame, California. With the completion of new northbound and southbound side platforms in early 2008 the hold-out rule has been eliminated and this change increased concerns over pedestrian safety. A few months later, a resident, unaware of the change, was struck. On February 25,2008, Caltrain opened the new platform at the station. This included new ticket machines, wheelchair accessibility, and LED-indicator signs, on April 1, Caltrain opened the newly renovated southbound platform. The temporary southbound platform extension that lengthened the platform by about 100 feet to the north was demolished, media related to Burlingame at Wikimedia Commons Caltrain Burlingame station page
La Casa Pacifica
This estate is known as President Richard Nixons Western White House, used while living and working outside of the official presidential residence, the White House in Washington D. C. The large Spanish-style California Mission Revival mansion was modeled after a home in San Sebastian. Around the time Nixon took office in 1969 he asked a young campaign aide, Fred Divel, Divel found the Cotton estate at the southernmost end of the then-sleepy San Clemente and immediately adjacent to the northern border of the massive Camp Pendleton Marine Base. Nixon bought the estate in 1969 from Cottons widow, and dubbed the home La Casa Pacifica and it was soon nicknamed The Western White House by the press, and the name was favored by Nixon himself, the latter became the term of subsequent similar presidential homes. After purchasing the estate Nixon made a number of alterations to the original home, the tennis court was replaced with a swimming pool and much of the estate was wrapped by a 1500-foot C-shaped wall.
Today the almost six-acre estate includes about 9,000 square feet of living space, with tile and hardwood flooring, arched doorways and detailed groin-vaulted ceilings. Among its key features is the office used by Nixon, an entertainer’s pavilion. Formal living spaces open to a classic hacienda-style patio courtyard with a tile fountain in its center. The missing tennis court has since replaced with a modern one. Mr. Chief Judge George Hart signed an order authorizing that the deposition of Mr. Nixon be taken at the Coast Guard Station in San Mateo. Following the presidents resignation, both he and his wife retired to the San Clemente estate, where Nixon composed his memoirs, during those years many in the local community still displayed their loyalty to the embattled former president despite the public embarrassment of the collapse of his political career. By the late 1980s the Nixons had moved to Park Ridge, New Jersey, a strong Republican donor, Herbert kept the home as his own while developing the area around it into an enclave of individual luxury mansions.
The home has remained a residence and was closed to the public, however. The road adjacent to Interstate 5 in the area is called Avenida del Presidente, in December 2009, the city of San Clemente passed a Historical Property Preservation Agreement to restore and preserve this historical building. La Casa Pacifica was publicly listed for sale in April 2015, the property was relisted for $69 million in April 2016. The Western White House, a tour of the home by a guest
Balboa Park (San Diego)
Balboa Park is a 1, 200-acre urban cultural park in San Diego, United States. In addition to open areas, natural vegetation zones, green belts and walking paths, it contains museums, several theaters. There are recreational facilities and several gift shops and restaurants within the boundaries of the park. Placed in reserve in 1835, the site is one of the oldest in the United States dedicated to public recreational use. Balboa Park is managed and maintained by the Parks and Recreation Department of the City of San Diego, the park and its historic Exposition buildings were declared a National Historic Landmark and National Historic Landmark District in 1977, and placed on the National Register of Historic Places. Balboa Park contains museums, gardens and venues, the park is essentially rectangular, bounded by Sixth Avenue to the west, Upas Street to the north, 28th Street to the east, and Russ Boulevard to the south. Also encroaching on the perimeter of the park is Roosevelt Middle School. Two north-south canyons — Cabrillo Canyon and Florida Canyon — traverse the park, the Sixth Avenue Mesa is a narrow strip bordering Sixth Avenue on the western edge of the park, which provides areas of passive recreation, grassy spaces, and tree groves.
The Central Mesa is home to much of the cultural facilities, and includes scout camps, the San Diego Zoo, the Prado. East Mesa is home to Morley Field and many of the recreation facilities in the park. The park is crossed by several freeways, which take up a total of 111 acres once designated for parkland, in 1948, California State Route 163 was built through Cabrillo Canyon and under the Cabrillo Bridge. This stretch of road, initially named the Cabrillo Freeway, has called one of Americas most beautiful parkways. A portion of Interstate 5 was built in the park in the 1950s, surrounding the park are many of San Diegos older neighborhoods, including Downtown, Bankers Hill, North Park, and Golden Hill. Balboa Park is an attraction in San Diego and the region. Its many mature, and sometimes rare and groves comprise an urban forest, many of the original trees were planted by the renowned American landscape architect, botanist and gardener Kate Sessions. An early proponent of drought tolerant and California native plants in garden design, Sessions established a nursery to propagate and grow for the park, the main entrance to the park is via the Cabrillo Bridge and through the California Quadrangle.
That entry is currently a two-lane road providing access to the park. El Prado, a long, wide promenade and boulevard, runs through the parks center, fleet Science Center, and the Timken Museum of Art
The Arlington Theatre is the largest movie theater and principal performing arts venue in Santa Barbara, United States. In addition to screenings and artists, it is home to many events associated with the annual Santa Barbara International Film Festival. Located at 1317 State Street, the Arlington was built in 1931 on the site of the Arlington Hotel. The current structure was erected in 1930 as a movie house for Fox West Coast Theaters. It was restored and expanded in the mid-1970s by Metropolitan Theaters Corporation and it opened in its current incarnation in 1976. The Arlington was designed in the Mission Revival and Spanish Colonial Revival styles in a period when Santa Barbara was being rebuilt in that following a powerful earthquake in 1925. The exterior has a Mission Revival steeple that ends in an art deco finial, the red tiled building features a covered courtyard with fountain and a free-standing ticket booth. The ceilings of the lobbies are heavily beamed and painted, the auditorium itself seats 2,000 on the main floor and balcony.
The original ceiling remains to give patrons the impression that they are sitting outdoors under the stars, one of the Arlingtons signature features is a Robert Morton pipe organ hidden from view, that rises on a platform into view when played before a performance. The Arlington Theatre was designed by the Santa Barbara architectural firm of Edwards, the Arlington Theatre - Venue Official Website Santa Barbara Film Festival - Main page features photo illustration of the Arlington marquee
Beverly Hills City Hall
The Beverly Hills City Hall is a historic building and city hall in Beverly Hills, California. The building is surrounded by North Santa Monica Boulevard, North Rexford Drive, South Santa Monica Boulevard and its main entrance is at 455 North Rexford Drive, which faces the Beverly Hills Public Library, adjacent to the Beverly Hills Police Department. A few doors below on North Rexford Drive is the Beverly Hills Fire Department, behind it, on South Santa Monica Boulevard, is the Beverly Hills Civic Center. In the 1910s and 1920s, before this building was constructed, however, in 1925, a two-storey building was erected on Burton Way to serve as a city hall and fire department building. Yet five years later, a signed by 2,000 residents which was presented to the Beverly Hills City Council called for a new building in a new location. Thus, in 1930, land was purchased from the Pacific Electric to build the city hall, construction lasted from 1931 to 1932. The building was designed by architects William J.
Gage and Harry G. Koerner in the Spanish Revival architectural style, the building was constructed by the Herbert M. Baruch Corporation. When the city opened in 1932, it was called by The Los Angeles Times the largest and most expensive City Hall of any municipality its size in the country. The building was renovated in 1982, additionally, it was expanded from 49,000 to 67,000 square feet. Moreover, the reception area was renovated in 2008, when the main entrance was moved from North Crescent Drive to North Rexford Drive. The building appears in the movie In a Lonely Place and it is used as the police department building in Beverly Hills Cop. As part of the Beverly Hills Centennial Arts of Palm Installation, according to The Beverly Hills Courier, it is the largest short-term public art installation ever to be held in Beverly Hills. In the midst of the 2015 drought, the city government replaced the grass in front of the city hall with Mexican sage to reduce their water consumption. The building houses the city administration, including the office of the Mayor of Beverly Hills, additionally, it houses the Municipal Gallery, an evolving art space designed by interior designer Gere Kavanaugh.
Inside the building, a sculpture by Auguste Rodin called Torso of a Walking Man can be seen, in May 2013, the Beverly Hills City Council voted to add the building to its list of historical preservations
Carthay Circle Theatre
The Carthay Circle Theatre was one of the most famous movie palaces of Hollywoods Golden Age. It opened at 6316 San Vicente Boulevard in 1926 and was considered developer J, the Carthay Circle Theater provided the circle for which Carthay Circle has come to be named. The auditorium itself was shaped in the form of a circle, extended vertically into a cylinder. McCarthys development was called Carthay—an anglicized version of his last name, the theater was called the Circle Theater for its unique floorplan. Initially developed by Fox, it was called the Fox Carthay Circle Theater, the theater became better known than the development in which it was located, and this has led to confusion in the name of the area. The theaters name meant the Circle Theater, by Fox, located in Carthay, the misinterpretation has stuck, and now the region is more or less officially known as Carthay Circle, even as its theater namesake has been gone for half a century. The exterior design was in the Spanish Colonial Revival style, with whitewashed concrete trimmed in blue, with a bell tower.
The architects were Carleton Winslow and Dwight Gibbs, the iconic octagonal tower was placed in the front corner spandrel space left between the circle and the square. The auditoriums cylinder-shaped wall was raised up above the roof line, simple and dignified, the building stands out for its intrinsic beauty, raved The Architect and Engineer. Pacific Coast Architect wrote that it was a theatre masked as a cathedral, there was a drop curtain that featured an homage to the pioneer Donner Party, which perished crossing the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Bronze busts of Native American leaders and photographs of Lillie Langtry, murals of historic scenes forty feet tall graced the walls, painted by Pasadena artist Alson S. Clark. For Disneys Fantasia, the most elaborate audio system in use at the time, only Graumans Chinese Theatre in Hollywood had such elaborate premieres in that era. In 1951 the first PATSY Award ceremony was held at the Carthay Circle, presented by the American Humane Association, the event was hosted by Ronald Reagan, and honored Francis the Talking Mule as the first recipient of the award that honored animal actors.
The store now sells clothing items for men and women, in June 2012, a fanciful larger-scale replica of the theater building was opened in the Buena Vista Street section of Disney California Adventure Park at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California. Although this replica is larger than the Orlando version, it is slightly smaller than the 1926 original. While there is no actual theatre inside, the houses the Carthay Circle Lounge. This structure is located on a plaza known as Carthay Circle. Also, the originals signature circular floorplan is absent from the building
Hamilton Army Airfield
Hamilton Field was a United States Air Force base that was inactivated in 1973, decommissioned in 1974, and put into a caretaker status with the Air Force Reserves until 1976. It was transferred to the United States Army in 1983 and redesignated an Army Airfield until its closure pursuant to BRAC action in 1988 and it is located along the western shore of San Pablo Bay in the southern portion of Novato, in Marin County, California. Thirteen days Hamilton died in action near Lagnicourt, what would eventually become Hamilton Air Force Base has its origins in the late 1920s, when the airfield was first established. Then, with development beginning, it was named Hamilton Field on July 12,1932. Construction of the airfield began about July 1,1932, with the airfield being originally designed to accommodate four bomb squadrons, the Hamilton Field Station Complement replaced the 70th Service Squadron on March 1,1935. The U. S. Weather Bureau had a cooperative weather station on the base from 1934 to 1964.
Hamilton Field was originally a bomber installation, on May 5,1934, the first planes assigned to Hamilton were Martin B-10 and B-12 bombers of the 7th Bombardment Group, having been transferred from March Airfield. Shortly thereafter, amphibious aircraft of the 88th Observation Squadron were assigned to Hamilton. The B-12 bombers housed at Hamilton Field were phased out in 1937, the B-18 was a standard two-engine short-range bomber, and was capable of airlifting combat-equipped troops en masse, an important advance in combat techniques at the time. Because the runway at Hamilton Field was not adequate for the B-17, in 1939, the 7th Bombardment Group was designated a heavy bomb group and was moved to Fort Douglas, Utah on September 7,1940, to train with B-17s. Hamilton became a base under the USAAC Air Force Combat Command in December 1940. The 9th PW was reassigned from March Field, bringing the 14th, the arrival of the pursuit wings and their crews caused crowding at the base and initiated the first of many housing problems.
After leaving Hamilton, and flying all through the night, the bombers arrived over Oahu on the morning of December 7,1941, the B-17s had arrived over Oahu during the Japanese air attack on Hawaii which triggered American entry into World War II. They arrived at Pearl Harbor at the height of the attack, the B-17Es of the 7th Bombardment Group were moved back to Hamilton from Utah for deployment to the Far East. Six of them arrived in Hawaii just after the Pearl Harbor attack, during World War II, Hamilton was an important West Coast air training facility. Its mission was that of a training base for newly formed fighter groups. The ATC West Coast Wing was headquartered at the airfield, with the 64th Transport Group being assigned early in 1942, the 1503rd AAF Base Unit was stationed here. In the initial years, Hamilton remained Air Transport Commands primary West Coast facility until 1948 when Military Air Transport Service moved most activities to nearby Travis AFB
Hangar One (Los Angeles, California)
Hangar One, commonly referred to as Hangar No. 1, is a hangar located on the grounds of Los Angeles International Airport in Los Angeles. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992, Hangar No.1 was built in 1929 and was the first structure built on what was known as Mines Field. At the time, the airport consisted of a landing strip in the middle of bean. The building was constructed by the city for $35,000, the airport opened in 1930 as the Los Angeles Municipal Airport, and was purchased by the city in 1937 and renamed the Los Angeles Airport. During this period the hangar was used by Charles Lindbergh and the German LZ127 Graf Zeppelin was tied down near its doors during its stop in Los Angeles. In 1933 and 1936, tens of thousands of spectators lined up near Hangar No.1 to watch the National Air Races, commercial passenger air service did not begin at the airport until December 5,1946. The building was declared a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument No.44 by the citys Historical Heritage Board on November 16,1966, the building fell out of use in the 1970s and sat vacant.
In 1990, a $2 million renovation brought it up to modern earthquake codes, as a condition of renovation, the developer, Texas-based AVIA Development Group, earned permission to develop two new cargo buildings nearby. AVIA made the application to the National Register of Historic Places and it currently serves as a cargo building for the Aviation Facilities Company. The two-story brick and concrete building was one of five designed in the Spanish Colonial Revival style, the hangar is noted for its architecture, especially its elaborate towers, tile roofs and arches. The designers intent was likely to promote the new airport, the building is 17,037 square feet, currently divided into 10,497 sq ft of cargo handling space and 6,540 sq ft of office space. The bay is 99 feet in width by 114 feet in length and is 20 to 24 feet in height and it has two apron-side doors with a 26-by-18-foot door width and height
The California Quadrangle, California Building, and California Tower are historic structures located in Balboa Park in San Diego, California. They were built for the 1915–16 Panama-California Exposition and served as the entry to the Expo. The buildings and courtyard were designed by noted architect Bertram Goodhue and they were added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 17,1974. They now house the San Diego Museum of Man, the Quadrangle includes the California Building and Tower on the north side, and Evernham Hall and the St. Francis Chapel on the south side. Between them is an open space linked by arcaded passageways and massive arched gateways to form the Plaza de California, the original Balboa Park Administration Building lies just outside the Quadrangle, adjacent to and west of the California Building. Unlike most of the exhibits at the Expo, the Quadrangle buildings were intended to be permanent, the Plaza de California is the main entryway to Balboa Park, approached over the Cabrillo Bridge.
That entry is currently a two-lane road providing access to the park. However, the plan was challenged in court and was overturned by a judge on February 4,2013, the California Building with its ornate facade and blue-and-gold dome, together with the adjoining California Tower, are among the most recognizable landmarks in San Diego. They house the San Diego Museum of Man, the design and ornamentation combine many style elements including Gothic, Baroque and Rococo to create the impression of a Spanish Colonial church. The domes design looked to the dome at the Church of Santa Prisca and these include Junípero Serra, Philip III of Spain, Sebastián Vizcaíno, George Vancouver, Luís Jayme, Carlos III of Spain, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, Gaspar de Portolà, and Antonio de la Ascención. The facade features the shield of the United States and the coats of arms of California, the California Tower is 198 feet tall and is open for public tours as of January 1,2015. The towers design is Spanish while the details and color are Mexican in style, the tower is composed of three tiers that shift from a quadrangle to an octagon and a circle.
There is a Maas-Rowe carillon in the tower, first installed in 1946, the carillon can be heard throughout the park. It plays the Westminster Chimes every quarter-hour, and a resident carilloneur plays three songs at every day. The tower has been described as San Diegos Icon, the most photographed, the State of California paid the $250,000 cost to develop the California Building and Tower for the 1915 Exposition. Although California owned the building, it was turned over to the San Diego government in 1926, during the Exposition the California Building was the home of the Expos theme exhibit, an anthropological display called The Story of Man through the Ages. After the Expo ended, the exhibit was retained and expanded, on the south side of the Quadrangle is the fairs original Fine Arts Building. The building is now used by the San Diego Museum of Man and it houses a banquet hall called Evernham Hall, and is used for temporary exhibits