Category:Speed limits by country
Pages in category "Speed limits by country"
The following 60 pages are in this category, out of 60 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 60 pages are in this category, out of 60 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Speed limits by country – A road speed limit is the limit of speed allowed by law for road vehicles, usually the maximum speed allowed. Occasionally there is a speed limit. Speed limits are set by the legislative bodies of national or local governments. The following tables show various jurisdictions default speed limits apply to different types of vehicles travelling on three different types of road. Actual speed limits may range beyond these values, speeds are listed in kilometers per hour. The enforcement tolerance is specified in km/h or percentage above the stated limit, for the United Kingdom and the United States, the speed limit is also listed in miles per hour in brackets. Germany, with its Autobahns, is the country without a general speed limit on its highways. The Isle of Man is the jurisdiction without a general speed limit on rural two-lane roads. American interstate highways are patrolled by law enforcement, typically referred to as Highway Patrol. Speed limit enforcement is the most profitable part of their duty, enforcement varies notably between states and traffic conditions. Montana and Nebraska have high tolerance toward speeding, more states are experimenting with variable speed limits, with electronic speed limit displays replacing fixed-number signs. The idea is to speed limits with traffic and weather conditions. From 1980, regulations for 30 km/h zones were enacted and have been widely applied
2. Speed limits in Australia – Speed limits in Australia range from 10 kilometres per hour shared zones to 110 kilometres per hour. In the Northern Territory four highways have 130 kilometres per hour zones, speed limit signage is in km/h since metrication on 1 July 1974. All speed limits are multiples of 10 km/h – the last digit in all speed signs is zero, Australian states and territories use two default speed limits. These apply automatically in the absence of posted speed restriction signage, school zones are variable speed zones, with a 40 kilometres per hour limit applying during gazetted school terms and at specific times of the day when children are expected to be present. In South Australia, the limit is 25 kilometres per hour, a minority of school zones have flashing lights to indicate when the lower speed limit applies. Common speed zones above the limits are, Many sub-arterial roads are zoned 60 kilometres per hour. Major connector roads and smaller highways are zoned 60 kilometres per hour,70 kilometres per hour,80 kilometres per hour or 90 kilometres per hour, some highways and freeways are zoned 110 kilometres per hour. Most of the Stuart, Arnhem, Barkly and Victoria highways in the Northern Territory are zoned 130 kilometres per hour and it contains the word END and a number in a black circle beneath this, representing the ceasing speed-limit. It is typically used where, according to AS1742 and it is intended therefore to invoke particular caution. This sign is used as a replacement for the slash-through speed derestriction signs common in Europe. Speed limits are enforced in almost all areas of the country except for areas of the Northern Territory. This was updated in 2006 to require that the speed indicated shall not be less than the speed of the vehicle. Detection measures used are radar, LIDAR, fixed and mobile speed cameras, Vascar, pacing, despite introduction of model national road rules by the states in 1999, Western Australia and the Northern Territory retain different default speed limits. The table below indicates the speed limits along with typical school zone limits. In the external territories, and in special cases, the speed limits may differ significantly from those found across the rest of the nation. Historically, Australia operated a simple speed limit system of urban and rural default limits, with the onset of metrication in 1974, speed limits and speed advisories were converted into kilometres per hour, rounded to the nearest 10 km/h, leading to small discrepancies in speed limits. The urban default, which prior to the 1930s was 30 miles per hour, applied to any built up area, usually defined by the presence of street lighting. This limit was increased to 35 miles per hour over the next 30 years by each of the states and territories
3. Speed limits in Belgium – The limits shown above apply only if there are no other signs present, as the signs may prescribe a lower or a higher speed limit. The speed limit outside built-up areas is in places, especially in the Flemish Region. Around almost all schools,30 km/h zones are found, royal Decree of 1 December 1975, Title II, Rules for using public roads, Article 11
4. Speed limits in Canada – Canadian speed limits have been posted in kilometres per hour since 1977. Before then, when Canada used Imperial units, speed limits were in miles per hour, statutory speed limits are default speed limits set by a statute in each province or territory. They apply on roads which do not have posted speed limits, posted speed limits may differ from the statutory speed limit as indicated by speed limit signs. In most provinces and territories, statutory speed limits are 50 km/h in urban areas,80 km/h in rural areas, there is not a statutory speed limit for grade-separated expressways, however the typical speed limit in most provinces is 100 km/h. Statutory speed limits for school zones tend to be 30 or 40 km/h in urban areas and 50 km/h in rural areas, where a dash is indicated, there is no statutory speed limit, speed limits must always be posted. Where N/A is indicated, there is no such roadway in the province or territory, in Ontario, speeding fines double in areas identified as Community Safety Zones. For a first conviction, they face an additional $2, 000-$10,000 fine and 6 demerit points, they may also face up to 6 months in jail and licence suspension of up to two years. For a second conviction within 10 years of the first conviction, in Ontario and Québec, trucks must be electronically limited to 105 km/h. Radar detectors in Canada are legal only in British Columbia, Alberta and they are illegal to use in the other provinces and all three territories. Quebec penalizes $500 for use of a detector, along with confiscation of the device. A speed limit sign reads MAXIMUM XX, such as MAXIMUM80 for 80 km/h, a minimum speed sign reads XX MINIMUM, such as 60 MINIMUM for 60 km/h. The report recommended increasing speed limits on multi-lane limited-access highways constructed to high standards from 110 km/h to 120 km/h. As described in that report, the Ministry is currently using. Technical Circular T-10/00 to assess speed limits, the practice considers the 85th percentile speed, road geometry, roadside development, and crash history. In July 2014, speed limits were adjusted on many of the highways, including some which were increased to 120 km/h. In Ontario, speed too fast is responsible for just 2. 1% of road fatalities, an Ontario-based group is lobbying to increase speed limits from 100 km/h to 130 km/h
5. Speed limits in Croatia – Speed limits in Croatia are regulated by the Road Traffic Safety Act. Due to legal requirements for speed measuring, the limits for expressways and freeways are de facto 133 km/h and 155 km/h. The limits shown above apply only if there are no other signs present, the lowest legal speed limit under normal traffic conditions is 40 km/h. Depending on the severity of the violation, driving faster than the limit is punishable by a fine in the amount between HRK300 and 15,000. Exceeding the speed limit by more than 50 km/h in an area may also be punished by imprisonment of up to 60 days. Croatian Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs
6. Speed limits in the Czech Republic – On 29 January 1900, a government ordinance limited the speed of vehicles inside settlements to the velocity of a hand-cantering horse. In 1935, the limit inside settlements was set at 35 km/h. Vehicles with two or more trailers were limited to 35 km/h, while trucks and buses were limited to 50 km/h, however, public buses could ask for an exception. A law in 1950 limited the speed in fog to 25 km/h. A law in 1960 limited the speed inside settlements between 5 a. m. and 11 p. m. to 50 km/h, buses and trucks over 3,500 kg were limited to 80 km/h. Also, in 1966, motorcycles were limited to 80 km/h, long-distance buses were freed from limits. Towed automobiles were limited to 50 km/h, speed limits were abolished on motorways, even for trucks, in 1971. Furthermore, in 1975, all of the 50 km/h limits were increased to 60 km/h, the special limits for motorcycles, trucks and buses were repealed. The ordinance in 1979 was the first to limit speeds outside of settlements. Cars were limited to 90 km/h and 110 km/h on motorways, long-distance buses to 90 km/h, motorcycles and trucks under 6,000 kg to 80 km/h, trucks over 6000 kg, the limit of 60 km/h was kept for roads inside settlements. A limit of 90 km/h and 110 km/h on motorways was established in 1989 for vehicles under 3500 kg, furthermore, motorcycles were limited to 90 km/h and all other motor vehicles were limited to 80 km/h. The speed inside settlements was limited 60 km/h and 80 km/h on motorways, specially signed pedestrian zones and house zones was introduced with a 20 km/h limit. 223/1997 Sb. which took effect on October 1,1997, reduced the settlement limit to 50 km/h and increased the limit to 130 km/h. As of 2016 there is a difference between motorways and roads for motorcars and speed limits are set to 130 and 110 km/h respectively outside of a settlement where speed limit is set to 80 km/h. On regular roads speed limit is set to 90 km/h and settlement limit is 50 km/h, inside settlement zone marked by a special blue sign the speed limit is set to 20 km/h. 50 metres before level crossing with railway the speed is reduced to 30 km/h or 50 km/h in case of visible flashing of a white traffic light. There are special restrictions for certain kinds of vehicles, especially with weight over 3.5 t, the speed limit for towing with a rope or tow bar is 60 km/h. Speed limit when a car has chains on is 50 km/h, when traveling over a railroad crossing with white flashing lights, the speed limit is 50 km/h and if no lights are working then the speed limit is 30 km/h
7. Autobahn – The Autobahn is the federal controlled-access highway system in Germany. The official German term is Bundesautobahn, which translates as federal motorway, the literal meaning of the word Bundesautobahn is Federal Auto Track. German autobahns have no federally mandated speed limit for some classes of vehicles, however limits are posted in areas that are urbanized, substandard, accident-prone, or under construction. On speed-unrestricted stretches, a speed limit of 130 kilometres per hour applies. A2008 estimate reported that 52% of the network had only the advisory speed limit, 15% had temporary speed limits due to weather or traffic conditions. Measurements from the German State of Brandenburg in 2006 showed average speeds of 142 km/h on a 6-lane section of autobahn in free-flowing conditions. Germanys autobahn network has a length of about 12,993 kilometres in 2016. Longer similar systems can be found in the United States and India, only federally built controlled-access highways with certain construction standards including at least two lanes per direction are called Bundesautobahn. They have their own, white-on-blue signs and numbering system, in the 1930s, when construction began on the system, the official name was Reichsautobahn. Various other controlled-access highways exist on the federal, state, district and these highways are considered autobahnähnlich and are sometimes colloquially called Gelbe Autobahn because most of them are Bundesstraßen with yellow signs. Some controlled-access highways are classified as Bundesautobahn in spite of not meeting the construction standard. Nearly all exits are to the right, in the postwar years, a thicker asphaltic concrete cross-section with full paved hard shoulders came into general use. The top design speed was approximately 160 km/h in flat country, a flat-country autobahn that was constructed to meet standards during the Nazi period, could support the speed of up to 150 km/h on curves. The current autobahn numbering system in use in Germany was introduced in 1974, all autobahns are named by using the capital letter A, which simply stands for Autobahn followed by a blank and a number. The main autobahns going all across Germany have a single digit number, shorter autobahns that are of regional importance have a double digit number. The first digit used is similar to the system above, depending on the region, east-west routes are always even-numbered, north-south routes are always odd-numbered. The north-south autobahns are generally numbered using odd numbers from west to east, that is to say, similarly, the east-west routes are numbered using even numbers from north to south. One project was the private initiative HaFraBa which planned a car only road crossing Germany from Hamburg in the North via central Frankfurt am Main to Basel in Switzerland
8. Speed limits in Germany – General speed limits in Germany are set by the federal government. All limits are multiples of 5 km/h, there are two default speed limits,50 km/h inside built-up areas and 100 km/h outside built-up areas. The German Highway Code section on speed begins with the requirement which may be rendered in English, speeds must be adapted to the road, traffic, visibility and weather conditions as well as the personal skills and characteristics of the vehicle and load. This requirement applies to all roads, and is similar to the reasonable speed legal obligation levied in other nations, speed limits are enforced with a small tolerance. Driving merely 3 km/h or faster above the posted or implied speed limit is considered an infraction in Germany. The speeding fines are set by federal law, the Nazi-era Road Traffic Act of 28 May 1934 imposed the first nationwide speed limit,60 km/h maximum in urban areas, but no limit on rural highways or autobahns. In October 1939, the Nazis further throttled speeds in order to fuel,40 km/h in urban areas,80 km/h elsewhere. In December 1952 the West German legislature voted to abolish all speed limits, seeing them as Nazi relics, reverting to State-level decisions. However, rising traffic fatalities led to a reversal, an urban speed limit of 50 km/h became effective September 1,1957. By 1970, fatalities had climbed to over 19,000, at 14 November 1983 the Hamburg suburb of Buxtehude had the first implementation of 30 km/h limits in residential areas, a concept that became popular. East Germanys safety efforts primarily focused on restrictive traffic regulation, for examples, there is no national speed limit, either, for cars and motorcycles on any highway outside of towns if it has a central reservation or a minimum of two marked lanes per direction. Due to this it is common to be overtaken by cars or motorcycles travelling over 200 km/h, on such roads, as well as motorways, a recommended speed limit of 130 km/h applies. While driving at higher speeds is not punishable, the risk induced by higher speeds may result in partial liability for damages. Moreover, the law forbids travel at speeds that would extend the vehicles minimum halting distance beyond the line of sight. On all German roads, there are speed limits for trucks, buses, cars towing trailers, in 1973, in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis, a federal speed limit of 100 km/h on Autobahns was imposed to help conserve fuel for fear of impending future shortages. The measure only lasted from December 1973 to March 1974, while the administration and the Bundestag were in favor of keeping the speed limit and this law is basically still in effect today. The Umweltbundesamt repeated its recommendation of such regulation in early 2007, at present, it is generally thought that a blanket speed limit would not be significantly beneficial, regarding both environmental and climate concerns and road safety. Current estimates conclude that a limit would reduce Germanys overall CO2 emission by a mere fraction of a percent
9. Road speed limits in the Republic of Ireland – Road speed limits in Ireland apply on all public roads in the state. These are signposted and legislated for in kilometres per hour, Speed limits are demarcated by regulatory road signs. These consist of white circular signs with a red outline, Speed limits are marked in black with km/h below the speed limit. Speed limits in Ireland were introduced in 1876 by regulations made under the Dublin Traffic Act 1875 which prescribed speed limits of 6 mph for certain vehicles. The Light Locomotives on Highways Order 1896 then set a national speed limit of 12 mph with a speed limit of 6 mph for traffic in villages, towns. Vehicles weighing more than 2 tons were restricted to 5 mph in these areas and this situation was updated in 1933 with Road Traffic Act 1933 prescribing an ordinary speed limit of 25 mph for light motor vehicles or heavy motor vehicles fitted with pneumatic tyres. Lower speed limits were applied for heavy vehicles without some pneumatic tyres. Road signage was established by the Traffic Signs Regulations,1956, however, the main piece of legislation responsible for the introduction of speed limits in Ireland was Part IV of the Road Traffic Act,1961. This repealed the 1933 Act and allowed the Minister for the Environment to prescribe a general speed limit through regulations made under this Act and it also allowed local authorities to specify special speed limits through regulations made under this Act. This replaced the 50 mph speed limit in all but a few cases where regulations had been drafted specifically to impose a 50 mph limit. This was indicated to motorists by a speed limit applies sign which consisted of a circular white sign with a black diagonal line bisecting it. The general limit was reduced to 55 mph in 1979 as a conservation measure during the 1979 energy crisis. Some drivers remained unaware of this change, a review of speed limits from 1990-92 restored the 60 mph limit. It was not until 1992 that a 70 mph speed limit was authorised on the States motorways and this occurred through the Road Traffic Regulations,1992 and the similar Road Traffic Regulations,1992. This authorised traffic on the M1, M7, M11 and M50 to travel at 70 mph where signposted and this was extended to motorways in general by the Road Traffic Act,1994. A minimum speed limit of 30 mph had previously set in 1974 through the Local Government Act,1974. On 20 January 2005, Ireland adopted metric speed limits, around 35,000 existing signs were replaced and a further 23,000 new signs erected bearing the speed limit in kilometres per hour. To avoid confusion with the old signs, each speed limit sign now has km/h beneath the numerals, different default speed limits apply to particular categories of roads
10. National Speed Limits (Malaysia) – Had Laju Kebangsaan is a set of speed limits applicable on Malaysian expressways, federal roads, state roads and municipal roads. The National Speed Limits was enforced on 1 February 1989 following the National Speed Limit Orders 1989, expressways,110 km/h by default, but may be reduced to 80 or 90 km/h at dangerous mountainous stretches, crosswind areas and urban areas with high traffic capacity. Federal roads,90 km/h by default,60 km/h in town area, State roads,90 km/h by default,60 km/h in town area. Special speed limits are applied to vehicles, and all heavy vehicles have speed limit stickers describing the allowed speed limits. However, many heavy vehicles especially express buses do not obey these speed limits, besides, cars with trailers apply the same speed limit as heavier vehicles. Starting from the 2006 Hari Raya Aidilfitri, the Malaysian Police began enforcing lower speed limits during festive seasons for all federal and state roads, from the default 90 km/h down to 80 km/h. Speeding over the speed limits can be fined up to RM300. Samy Vellu, stating that most drivers often drive 10 to 30 km/h faster than the speed limit on the expressways. Over the years, several attempts to set speed limit for the expressways were being made by certain quarter of the public. However, each attempt was successfully turn-down citing safety as one of the reason for the rejection. On the basis of fatality per 100 km length of road, Speed limit Speed limits by country Speed trap Malaysian Expressway System Malaysian Federal Roads System Malaysian State Roads system
11. Speed limits in the Netherlands – The default speed limits in the Netherlands are 50 km/h inside built-up areas,80 km/h outside built-up areas,100 km/h on expressways, and 130 km/h on motorways. On September 1,2012, the default speed limit was raised from 120 km/h to 130 km/h. Additionally, lower speed limits may apply in speed zones, motorways passing through urban areas are usually limited to 100 km/h and narrow regional roads may have 60 km/h speed limits. In urban residential areas,30 km/h zones are found, as well as home zones, contrarily, some four-lane urban arterial roads have a posted 70 km/h speed limit. Unlike neighbouring countries such as Belgium, there is no speed on Dutch motorways. However, only motorized vehicles capable of driving at least 50 km/h and 60 km/h are allowed to enter Dutch national roads and motorways, speed limit enforcement is extensive on Dutch roads, including traffic enforcement cameras in urban areas and radar guns on national roads and motorways. Furthermore, fixed average speed checks, which were first introduced in the Netherlands, are now in operation on many motorways in the densely populated Randstad region. In case of speeding, there is a legal speed correction of 3 km/h plus a fixed 3 km/h tolerance margin for posted speed limits up to 120 km/h. For example, when caught at 108 km/h on a national road, when driving at 107 km/h, no speeding ticket will be issued
12. Speed limits in New Zealand – Speed limits in New Zealand are in kilometres per hour and range up to and including 100 km/h. New Zealand speed limits were in miles per hour until 1975, significant changes were made to the rules for setting speed limits in 2003 and 2011, including provision for 40 km/h limits. However, it was necessary to introduce the Land Transport Bill in 2015 to confirm the legitimacy of the previous changes. Some vehicles are restricted to lower speed limits such as trucks and vehicles with trailers. A20 km/h speed limit applies to all traffic travelling both ways past school buses that have stopped to unload or pick up passengers, and through accident sites. The letters LSZ indicate that the limit is 100 km/h unless conditions would make this unwise and this type of speed limit could no longer be set since 2003 and was progressively being replaced with set speed limits. From 1 July 2009 the sign is now illegal, by default, the speed limit is 50 km/h in urban and built-up areas, and 100 km/h outside urban and built-up areas and on expressways and motorway. Other common speed limits include,80 km/h is used where it would not be safe to use the 100 km/h open road limit, between metrication in 1975 and 1986,80 km/h was the open road limit. 70 km/h in small towns, urban fringes, or where development is on only one side of the road 60 km/h in some built-up areas including arterial routes. 40 km/h The Land Transport Rule, Setting of Speed Limits 2003 allowed councils to set limits below 50 km/h in urban areas, since then many councils have set lower limits. For example, Safer Speed Areas were first introduced in Hamilton in 2011,30 km/h in some city centres with high pedestrian traffic. New Zealand speed limit signs follow the European model of a number inside a red circle, sometimes, the open road limit occurs as a black forward slash inside a thin black ring. Speed limits, New Zealand Road Code, policy and procedures for setting speed limits, Speed Limits New Zealand
13. Speed limits in Spain – Spain has different speed limits for every kind of road and vehicle. Until 1973, there were no speed limits on Spanish motorways and it was lowered to 100 km/h to prevent accidents, but it was raised again in 1992, this time to 120 km/h. There have been proposals to raise the limit to 130 km/h. As of the 7 March 2011 and until 30 June 2011, standard roads meeting at least one of the following criteria, one-way roads roads with more than two lanes for at least one direction of traffic roads with shoulders more than 1. This permission decreases the time needed to overtake, and increases safety in the process, on all non-urban roads and motorways, school buses and vehicles containing contaminant, explosive or flammable materials must decrease their speed limit by 10 km/h. Built-up areas,50 km/h for all motor vehicles 45 km/h for bicycles and mopeds On motorways, minimum speeds in the rest of roads are one half of the generic speed limit for every vehicle. If a posted speed limit sign is below this value, the speed is the posted limit minus 10 km/h. No legal sanction is established for driving within 10 percent over the speed limit, depending on the specific limit of the area