The Championship Course
The stretch of the River Thames between Mortlake and Putney in London, England is a well-established course for rowing races, most famously the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race. It is often referred to as The Championship Course, the course is on the tidal reaches of the river often referred to as the Tideway. In 1845 it was agreed to stage the Boat Race on a course from Putney Bridge to Mortlake Church tower, the aim was to reduce the interference from heavy river traffic on the race. The following year, a race for the Professional World Sculling Championship moved to the course for the first time, the Wingfield Sculls followed in 1861. The course distance is 4 miles and 374 yards, as measured along the centre of the rivers stream, races are always conducted in the same direction as the tide, from Mortlake to Putney on an ebb tide or from Putney to Mortlake on a flood tide. Since the Boat Race moved to this course in 1845, it has always been raced on a tide from Putney to Mortlake except in 1846,1856 and 1863.
The Wingfield Sculls is raced from Putney to Mortlake, most other events race on an ebb tide from Mortlake to Putney. In April 1869 the Harvard University Boat Club challenged Oxford University Boat Club to an International University Boat-Race of coxed fours on the Boat Race course, the event took place on 27 August 1869 and was narrowly won by Oxford. The new Atlantic cable allowed daily reports to be received by all major newspapers across America within 23 minutes of the finish, U. S. S. and lead to the formation of the Rowing Association of American Colleges
The Den is a football stadium in Bermondsey, south-east London, and the home of Millwall Football Club. It is situated adjacent to the South London railway line originating at London Bridge, and a quarter-of-a-mile from The Old Den, which it replaced in 1993. Built on a site of housing, a church and the Senegal Fields playgrounds, it has an all-seated capacity of 20,146. The Den is the ground that Millwall have occupied since their formation in the Millwall area of the Isle of Dogs in 1885. It was designed with effective management in mind, with the escape routes being short. Originally, it was planned to have a capacity of between 25,000 and 30,000, the club opted to wait so the capacity was kept to just over 20,000. Millwall played their game at The Old Den on 8 May 1993 after 83 years. The Den was the first new stadium constructed for a football team in London since 1937. Millwall have experienced mixed fortunes since relocating to The Den and their first season at the stadium saw them finish third in Division Two—their highest finish since relegation from the top flight four years earlier.
However, their dreams of Premier League football were ended by a defeat in the playoffs and they were relegated to Division Three in 1996 and they came close to reaching the Premier League again in 2002, finishing fourth but once again losing in the playoffs. The Lions reached the FA Cup final for the first time in 2004, in September 2016 Lewisham Council approved a compulsory purchase order of land surrounding The Den rented by Millwall, as part of a major redevelopment of the New Bermondsey area. Millwall had submitted their own plans for regeneration centred around the club itself. On 20 January 2011 the east stand of The Den was renamed as the Dockers Stand, paying tribute to Millwalls earlier history, the south stand is known as the Cold Blow Lane stand, which was the name of the road which led into The Old Den. The north stand is for visiting supporters and the west stand was renamed the Barry Kitchener stand and it houses Millwalls family enclosure, press box and executive seats. In 1994, a match was held at The Den.
Local boy Michael Bentt lost his WBO World Heavyweight Championship to Herbie Hide, the fight was Bentts last after being rushed to the hospital and told he could never fight again, after suffering brain injuries in the loss. On 1 May 2006, The Den hosted the FA Womens Cup Final between Arsenal L. F. C. and Leeds United L. F. C, Arsenal Ladies won the Cup 5–0. Three international matches have been hosted at The Den, ghana 1–1 Senegal, Jamaica 0–0 Nigeria and Australia 3–4 Ecuador
Ham Polo Club
Ham Polo Club is a Hurlingham Polo Association Polo Club situated in Richmond in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, southwest London, England. It is one of the oldest polo clubs in the United Kingdom, the club occupies a location between Richmond Park and the River Thames overlooked by Ham House, eight miles from Hyde Park Corner. The clubs facilities include three polo fields, a stick and ball field, a track, livery service, coaching. Polo is played at Ham Polo Club between May and September, there are around 125 playing members at Ham and several hundred social members. Ham Polo Club is the last remaining of the clubs that existed as satellites to Londons Big Three – Ranelagh, Hurlingham. The club began life as the Ham Common Polo Club in 1926, with one full sized ground, the first ground was next door to Brown Gates House, Church Road, Ham Common, home of the first chairman, Loftus Storey. The full-sized ground lay between Richmond Gates and Sheen and a coach there was Johnny Traill, the first Argentine 10 goaler.
The 1939 season was necessarily the last for the six years. Ham was revived in 1946 by William Francis Walsh, known universally as Billy, on returning from service in the Army Billy found that Capt. Tom Brigg, the owner of the stables where he had worked, had died, using his gratuity Walsh bought the stables and revived Ham Polo Club under HPA rules. It is widely believed that Lord Cowdray, Arthur Lucas and Billy Walsh were the trio who rescued polo in the United Kingdom after the war. The first post-war English polo tournament was held at Roehampton in 1947, Three years the club began using a field adjacent to Ham House for matches. Then in 1954, George Stevens, The Dysart families tenant at Ham House Farm agreed to turn the Ham House orchard into a field for the club. The first president of the club was Major Archie David the patron of the Friars Park team, the Autumn cup which he presented is still played for annually at Ham. Johnny Traill became a figure at the club and Edward Tauchert Rescued the Roehampton Trophy from the Roehampton Golf Club.
In 1970, thanks largely to the efforts of the President Sir David Brown, sixteen years land adjacent was purchased and the club gained another ground. In 1982, at the age of seventy, Billy Walsh retired as manager of the club to become President and he was succeeded by two further generations managing Ham Polo Club, his daughter and Tim, his grandson. The club continues to play polo between May and September, managed by Will Healy, the current President is Steven Lamprell, the clubs Chairman is Nicholas Colquhoun-Denvers who is Vice President of the Federation of International Polo
Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
The National Sports Centre at Crystal Palace in south London, England is a large sports centre and athletics stadium. The sports centre building was designed by the LCC Architects Department under Sir Leslie Martin between 1953–54 and is a Grade II* listed building, the athletics stadium has a capacity of 15,500, which can be increased to 24,000 with temporary seating. The current 15,500 seater athletics stadium was built on the site of the ground by M J Gleeson. From 1999 to 2012 it hosted the London Grand Prix, the stadium can be expanded to 24,000 with temporary seating if required. With the opening of the London Olympic Stadium in 2012, its future as a stadium hosting athletics events is in doubt. Crystal Palace F. C. has submitted plans to rebuild the stadium as a 40,000 seater football stadium without a running track, but with a new indoor aquatic and sports centre as part of the complex. The current athletics stadium is on the land as a previous football ground. In 1905, the owners wanted their own club to play at the venue.
They were forced to leave by the military, in 1915, the largest domestic attendance ever at the stadium was in the 1913 Cup final between Aston Villa and Sunderland, when 121,919 spectators squeezed into the stands. The previous world record had been the 1901 Cup Final, when 114,815 amassed to watch Tottenham Hotspur, Tottenham Hotspur F. C. However, Spurs plans were cancelled due to their failure to obtain the Olympic Stadium. AC London used the stadium during the 2015–16 season, four more teams won the FA Cup during this time, after replays at other grounds. All but two of the finalists from that era a century ago are still playing in either the Premier League or the Football League Championship, the exceptions being Bradford City, and Bury. Newcastle United appeared in the most finals at the ground, results of finals at Crystal Palace FA Cup Wins at Crystal Palace Crystal Palace FA Cup Final appearances Goals Scored in FA Cup Finals at Crystal Palace Goals Conceded in F. A. Cup Finals at Crystal Palace On 2 December 1905, the ground held the first England Rugby Union international match against New Zealand in England.
On Wednesday 18 August 1965, the ground was the venue of the Rugby league match in which the Commonwealth XIII rugby league team were defeated 7–15 by New Zealand. It played host to Fulham Rugby League in the mid-1980s for a couple of seasons, London County Cricket Club was a short-lived cricket club founded by the Crystal Palace Company. In 1898 they invited W. G. Grace to help form a first-class cricket club. Grace accepted the offer and became the secretary, manager
Ealing Common is a large open space in Ealing, west London. It is the name of the area surrounding Ealing Common station where Piccadilly & District line trains stop. The Ealing Common Area is bounded by Ealing Town Centre to the west, North Ealing and Hanger Hill to the north, Acton to the east and South Ealing, the Ealing Common open space is bounded by Gunnersbury Ave to the east and the Uxbridge Road to the north. A smaller area of the common extends to the east of Gunnersbury Ave, the western boundary includes The Common and Warwick Dene, with Elm Avenue to the south. The Ealing Common open space is a land as designated by the 1866 Metropolitan Commons Act. On Monday,20 August 1733, a match with important status was played on the common between Ealing & Acton and London. The result is unknown but the terms of the match were for £50, play or pay, London was the sports premier club at the time. This is the mention of Ealing & Acton and of Ealing Common in the surviving records of early cricket.
The strength of the Ealing & Acton team cannot now be determined but the stake was high, the northern part of the common has a large English oak tree at its centre, and London plane trees are found with the horse chestnuts around the perimeter of the common. Charles Jones was the borough surveyor responsible for the layout, in the south-west corner of Ealing Common there is a small enclosed park, called Warwick Dene, with rose beds at its centre. There is a local Conservation Area which includes streets around the common, Ealing Common is the name of the area in the London Borough of Ealing surrounding Ealing Common station, which is named after the common, however, it is officially part of the Ealing district. Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket, Ealing Common Conservation area Appraisal on Ealing Council Website
London Stadium, is a stadium in Stratford, Greater London, England, at Marshgate Lane in the Lower Lea Valley. It was constructed to serve as the stadium for the 2012 Summer Olympics and Paralympics, hosting the track and field events. It was subsequently renovated as a stadium, with its primary tenants being West Ham United Football Club. The stadium is 6 1⁄2 miles from Central London, land preparation for the stadium began in mid-2007, with the official construction start date on 22 May 2008, although piling works for the foundation began four weeks before. The stadium held its first public event in March 2012, serving as the line for a celebrity running event organised by the National Lottery. Following the Paralympics the stadium was used intermittently whilst under renovation, the decision to make West Ham United the main tenants was controversial, with the initial tenancy process having to be rerun. As well as its tenants, the stadium will continue to be used for a series of special events.
It annually hosts the finish of the Great Newham London Run at the start of July. The stadium can hold concerts with up to 80,000 spectators, during Londons bid for the games, promotional materials featured a main stadium with a roof designed to wrap itself around the venue like muscles supporting the body. However at that time there had no formal design brief agreed. While the bidding process was ongoing West Ham had talks with the ODA about contributing to the development of a multi-purpose stadium, with the original Olympic design finalised and being built, the government had a change of heart and a bidding process for a multi-sport post-Olympic legacy was launched. The stadium design was launched on 7 November 2007, the construction of the stadium commenced three months early in May 2008 after the bowl of the stadium had been dug out and the area cleared. The building of the stadium was completed in March 2011 reportedly on time and under budget, the stadiums track and field arena is excavated out of the soft clay found on the site, around which is permanent seating for 25,000, built using concrete rakers.
The natural slope of the land is incorporated into the design, with warm-up, spectators enter the stadium via a podium level, which is level with the top of the permanent seating bowl. A demountable lightweight steel and pre-cast concrete upper tier is built up from this bowl to accommodate a further 55,000 spectators, the stadium is made up of different tiers, during the Games the stadium was able to hold 80,000 spectators. The base tier, which allows for 25,000 seats, is an elliptical bowl that is made up of low-carbon-dioxide concrete. The foundation of the level is 5,000 piles reaching up to 20 metres deep. From there, there is a mixture of driven cast in situ piles, continuous flight auger piles, the second tier, which holds 55,000 seats, is 315 m long,256 m wide, and 60 m high
Hurlingham Park is a park and multi-use sports ground in Fulham, England. It is currently used mostly for rugby matches, football matches and athletics events and is the home of Hammersmith, the park served as the location for Monty Pythons Upper Class Twit of the Year sketch. The venue opened in 1879, the year as Fulham F. C. were established. It had a capacity of around 2,500 people. The opening meeting of the track was on 11 September 1954, the running track was originally made of cinder. The field on which the track is situated was originally a polo ground and was purchased from the Hurlingham Club after World War Two. A grandstand was built in 1936 to replace an earlier version but it became run down in the 1990s and it had a capacity of approximately 2,500 on bench type seating. The stadium has replaced by a substantial pavilion. The infield is a maintained grass pitch and is used for either rugby union or football. The track has a 200 metres straight on the home next to the grandstand which extends past the regular start line although the extension has been fenced off.
The track was the base of London Athletic Club and the straight was last thought to be used for a race in 1979
The Honourable Society of Grays Inn, commonly known as Grays Inn, is one of the four Inns of Court in London. To be Called to the Bar and practise as a barrister in England and Wales, located at the intersection of High Holborn and Grays Inn Road in Central London, the Inn is both a professional body and a provider of office accommodation for many barristers. It is ruled by a council called Pension, made up of the Masters of the Bench, and led by the Treasurer. The Inn is known for its gardens, or Walks, which have existed since at least 1597, Grays Inn does not claim a specific foundation date, there is a tradition that none of the Inns of Court claims to be any older than the others. Law clerks and their apprentices have been established on the present site since at least 1370, during the 15th and 16th centuries, the Inn grew steadily with great prestige, reaching its pinnacle during the reign of Elizabeth I. The Inn was home to many important barristers and politicians, most notably Francis Bacon, thanks to the efforts of prominent members such as William Cecil and Gilbert Gerard, Grays Inn became the largest of the four by number, with over 200 barristers recorded as members.
During this period, the Inn became noted for the masques and revels that it threw, the Inn continued to prosper during the reign of James I and the beginning of that of Charles I, when over 100 students per year were recorded as joining. Fortunes continued to decline after the English Restoration, which saw the end of the method of legal education. Although now more prosperous, Grays Inn is today the smallest of the Inns of Court, Grays Inn and the other three Inns of Court remain the only bodies legally allowed to call a barrister to the Bar, allowing him or her to practise in England and Wales. The Inn remains a collegiate self-governing, unincorporated association of its members, providing within its precincts library, dining and office accommodation, members of the Bar from other Inns may use these facilities to some extent. During the 12th and 13th centuries, law was taught in the City of London, as a result, the existing system of legal education fell apart. The common lawyers migrated to the hamlet of Holborn, the nearest place to the law courts at Westminster Hall that was outside the City, the early records of all four Inns of Court have been lost, and it is not known precisely when each was founded.
The records of Grays Inn itself are lost until 1569, Lincolns Inn has the earliest surviving records. Grays Inn dates from at least 1370, and takes its name from Baron Grey of Wilton, a lease was taken for various parts of the inn by practising lawyers as both residential and working accommodation, and their apprentices were housed with them. From this the tradition of dining in commons, probably by using the main hall. Outside records from 1437 show that Grays Inn was occupied by socii, or members of a society, in 1456 Reginald de Gray, the owner of the Manor itself, sold the land to a group including Thomas Bryan. A few months later, the members signed deeds of release. In 1506 the Inn was sold by the Gray family to Hugh Denys, during the reign of Elizabeth I, Grays Inn rose in prominence, and that period is considered the golden age of the Inn, with Elizabeth serving as the Patron Lady
Arsenal Stadium was a football stadium in Highbury, North London, which was the home ground of Arsenal Football Club between 6 September 1913 and 7 May 2006. It was mainly known as the Highbury Stadium due to its location and was given the nickname of the Home of Football by the club. It was originally built in 1913 on the site of a local recreation ground and was significantly redeveloped twice. The first reconstruction came in the 1930s from which the Art Deco East and West Stands date, the stadium hosted international matches – both for England and in the 1948 Summer Olympics – and FA Cup semi-finals, as well as boxing and cricket matches. Its presence led to the local London Underground station being renamed to Arsenal in 1932, making it the only station on the Underground network to be named after a football club. The lease negotiation agreed that no matches were to be played on days and that no intoxicating liquor would be sold at the stadium, however. The stadium was built over the summer of that year.
It featured a single stand on the side and the other three sides had banked terracing. It opened whilst not fully complete, with Arsenals first match of the 1913–14 season, leicesters Tommy Benfield scored the first goal at the new ground while George Jobey was the first Arsenal player to do so. Highbury hosted its first England match in 1920, the Australian rugby league team suffered the first loss of their 1921–22 Kangaroo tour of Great Britain at Highbury to an English side 4 points to 5 before approximately 12,000 spectators. Arsenal bought the site outright in 1925, for £64,000. No significant portion of Leitchs original stadium remains today following a series of bold redevelopments during the 1930s, the idea was to create a ground for London that could capture the grandeur of Villa Park, home of Birmingham club Aston Villa. On 5 November the same year the local Tube station was renamed from Gillespie Road to Arsenal, Leitchs main stand was demolished to make way for a new East Stand, matching the West, in 1936.
The West Stand cost £45,000 while the East Stand went far over budget and ended up costing £130,000, the North Bank terrace was given a roof and the southern terrace had a clock fitted to its front, giving it the name the Clock End. During the 1948 Summer Olympics, the hosted the football preliminaries. For the next 50 years, the stadium changed little, although during the Second World War the North Bank terrace was bombed and had to be rebuilt, the roof was not restored until 1956. Floodlights were fitted in 1951, with the first floodlit match being a friendly against Hapoel Tel Aviv on 19 September of that year, the floodlights that adorn Dalymount Park, once stood at the Arsenal stadium. They were shipped to Dublin in 1962, the inaugural floodlit match saw Arsenal beat Bohemians 3–8
Blackheath is an area of south-east London, divided between the Royal Borough of Greenwich and the London Borough of Lewisham, located east of the town of Lewisham, and south of the town of Greenwich. It is notable for its pubs, village-y feel. The name is recorded in 1166 as Blachehedfeld and means the dark coloured heathland and it is formed from the Old English blæc and hǣth and refers to the open space that was the meeting place of the ancient hundred of Blackheath. The name was applied to the Victorian suburb that developed in the 19th century and was extended to the areas known as Blackheath Park. An urban myth is that Blackheath was associated with the 1665 Plague or the Black Death of the mid-14th century, virtually every part of London has a local tradition about plague pits under, say, a local school or shop. The sheer number of bodies meant that the traditional churchyards became, as one put it. During the seventeenth century Blackheath was, along with Hounslow Heath, in 1673 the Blackheath Army was assembled under Marshal Schomberg to serve in the Third Anglo-Dutch War.
The Roman road that became known as Watling Street crosses the northern edge of Blackheath, probably heading for the mouth of Deptford Creek. Blackheath was a point for Wat Tylers Peasants Revolt of 1381. Wat Tyler is remembered by Wat Tyler Road on the heath, after pitching camp on Blackheath, Cornish rebels were defeated in the Battle of Deptford Bridge, just to the west, on 17 June 1497. With Watling Street carrying stagecoaches across the heath, en route to north Kent, in 1909 Blackheath had a local branch of the London Society for Womens Suffrage. The Vanbrugh Pits are on the north-east part of the heath, the site of old gravel workings, Vanbrugh Pits have long been reclaimed by nature and form one of the more attractive parts of the generally rather flat Blackheath. It is particularly attractive in spring when the extensive gorse blossoms, the pits are named after Sir John Vanbrugh, architect of Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard, who had a house nearby, adjacent to Greenwich Park, now called Vanbrugh Castle.
Mince Pie House built for his family, survived until 1911, the sizeable estate of Blackheath Park, created on lands of Wricklemarsh Manor by John Cator is situated east of Blackheath. The Cator Estate was built on part of the formerly owned by Sir John Morden. The Cator Estate contains innovative 1960s Span houses and flats by the renowned Span Developments, St Michael and All Angels Church, designed by local architect George Smith and completed in 1830, was dubbed the Needle of Kent in honour of its tall, thin spire. All Saints Church, situated on the heath, designed by the architect Benjamin Ferrey, another Anglican church, St John the Evangelists, was designed in 1853 by Arthur Ashpitel. The Pagoda is an example of a beautiful property situated in Blackheath
Battersea Park Street Circuit
Battersea Park was home to the only circuit located in London, England from 2015 to 2016. It hosted the two races of the 2014–15 Formula E season, and the two final races of the second season. The track was 2.922 km in length and featured 17 turns, the track was designed by Formula Es London event team and British architect Simon Gibbons. Wandsworth Council approved of the circuit and the race on 19 February 2015. There was controversy over the park circuit taking place in a Grade II* listed park, with opposition to the disruption the races, around the race weekends a majority of the park was closed to the public for four days with a three week disruption period. The local community set up a group to oppose any further races in the park, in June 2016 Formula E announced that, on the basis of understanding between Formula E and the Battersea Park Action Group, Formula E will not return in 2017 or any date thereafter. Subsequently their venue use agreement for the park has been terminated and Battersea Park is no longer classed as a circuit
Loftus Road Stadium is a football stadium in Shepherds Bush, which is home to Queens Park Rangers. In 1981, the became the first stadium in British professional football to have an artificial pitch of Omniturf installed. Rugby union team London Wasps shared the ground with QPR between 1996 and 2002 and Premier League football club Fulham shared it from 2002 to 2004 while Craven Cottage was closed for reconstruction, other users of the stadium have included the Jamaican and Australian national football teams. In 1985, Barry McGuigan defeated Eusebio Pedroza for the World Boxing Association featherweight championship at the stadium, the ground was first used on 11 October 1904 by Shepherds Bush F. C. an amateur side that was disbanded during the First World War. QPR moved to Loftus Road in 1917, having had their ground at Park Royal commandeered by the army in 1915, at that time the ground was an open field with a pavilion. One stand from Park Royal was dismantled and re-erected forming the Ellerslie Road stand in 1919 and this stand remained as the only covered seating in the ground until 1968 and was replaced in 1972.
It had a capacity of 2,950, QPR moved out of Loftus Road at the start of the 1931–32 season, moving nearby to White City Stadium, but after a loss of £7,000, the team moved back for the start of the 1933-34 season. In 1938, a new covered terrace for 6,000 spectators was constructed by a company called Framed Structures Ltd at the Loftus Road end taking the ground capacity up to 30,000. It cost £7,000 and was opened by the Rt Hon Herbert Morrison, the section of the terracing that was covered was concreted at this time with the uncovered section concreted in 1945. When the clubs finances were under pressure in the late 1950s the houses had to be sold, on 5 October 1953 floodlights were used at Loftus Road for the first time for a friendly game against Arsenal. In the summer of 1966 the original floodlights were replaced by much taller floodlight pylons, in the summer of 1980 these in turn were replaced with new floodlights. QPR experimented once again with a move to White City Stadium in the 1962–63 season, in the summer of 1968 the South Africa Road stand was constructed at a cost of £150,000 to replace the old open terracing.
In 1972 a new stand was completed in Ellerslie Road, replacing the tin-roofed grandstand erected in 1919, the changing rooms and offices were moved to South Africa Road and the television gantry moved in the other direction. The stadiums highest recorded attendance of 35,353 was in a game against Leeds United on 27 April 1974, during the summer of 1981 an artificial pitch of Omniturf was installed at Loftus Road, the first such surface to be used in British professional football. Rangers lost the first league match played on the new surface 1-2 versus Luton Town on 1 September 1981 and it was removed in April 1988 because of football legislation and replaced with grass. There were just three other stadiums in the whole country with a plastic pitch, and by 1994 all of these had been ripped up. New stands were opened at the School End in the summer of 1980, at the same time as the new Loftus Road stand was built executive boxes were installed in the lower tier of the South Africa Road stand and the artificial pitch laid.
The stadium capacity at this time was 27,000 and it was one of the most modern, in the summer of 1994 the Loftus Road ground became an all-seater stadium with the construction of seating in the lower Loftus Road stand