Pages in category "Syrian exiles"
The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Ammar Abdulhamid – Ammar Abdulhamid is a Syrian-born author, human rights activist, former radical Islamist, political dissident, co-founder and president of the Tharwa Foundation. Ammar was featured in the Arabic version of Newsweek Magazine as one of 43 people making a difference in the Arab world in May 2005, Abdulhamid was born on 30 May 1966, to Syrian actress Muna Wassef and the late Syrian filmmaker Muhammad Shahin in Damascus, Syria. By mid-1987, Ammar embraced the religion of his father, Islam and was a committed Sunni Muslim and he spent approximately eight years in the United States, studying astronomy and history. He graduated from the University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point in 1992 with a Bachelor of Science in history and he returned to Damascus in September 1994. Ammar briefly taught social studies at the Pakistan International School of Damascus then located in Mazzeh, Damascus, known to his students as Mr. He married author and human-rights activist Khawla Yusuf, adbulhamid and Yusuf fled Damascus in September 2005, after calling for the overthrow of the Assad government. They currently live in Washington, D. C. with their two children Oula and Mouhanad awaiting political asylum in the United States, Oula works at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy and writes regularly. Mouhanad has recently joined the International Medical Corps team, Abdulhamid was a visiting fellow in the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution 2004-2006. Abdulhamid was a fellow at the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies and is member of its Syria Working Group, in April 2012, a delegation of Syrian opposition members led by Ammar, visited Pristina, Kosovo with the aim of learning guerilla tactics from the Kosovo Liberation Army. Ammar stressed that the delegation has come to Kosovo to learn, in 2014, Ammar called for the United States to arm the Syrian opposition, enforce a no-fly zone and expand U. S military action beyond Iraq. Tharwa Foundation, In 2003, they founded the Tharwa Project while still residing in Syria, after relocating to the U. S. in 2005, they founded the Tharwa Foundation as an offshoot. The foundation is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, grassroots organization that encourages diversity, development. I Am Syria, a media based campaign founded in 2012. This movement is dedicated to let the people of Syria know that the world is supporting them through video, pictures, and media attention
2. Jassem Alwan – Jassem Alwan was a prominent colonel in the Syrian Army, particularly during the period of the United Arab Republic when he served as the Commander of the Qatana Base near Damascus. Alwan, a supporter of UAR President Gamal Abdel Nasser, opposed Syrias secession from the union in 1961. It failed, and resulted in Alwans imprisonment and sentencing to death until he was released in 1964 upon the intervention of Nasser and other Arab presidents, Alwans aborted counter-coup was a significant episode leading to the deterioration of ties between the governments of Egypt and Syria. From then on, Alwan lived in Egypt where he continued his activism against the Baathist government until he returned to Syria in 2005. Alwan was born to a Sunni Muslim family of Bedouin origins in 1928 in the city of Deir ez-Zor, after studying for a period at the Homs Military Academy, Alwan joined the Syrian Army in 1946. During the presidency of Adib al-Shishakli, Alwan had been teaching at the academy, student officers who attended his class included prominent future military figures, such as President Hafez al-Assad, and generals Ali Aslan and Muhammad Nabhan, all of whom were Alawites. Throughout the 1950s, Alwan had been involved in the Arab nationalist movement spearheaded by Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser and he was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1961. On 28 September 1961, a coup in Syria resulted in the dissolution of the union with Egypt. Alwan had not been at his base on that day, instead participating in a mission in Damascus city. Tank units officially under his command played an important role during the coup as they headed north towards Damascus to link up with other mutineers from the Dumayr base before taking the capital. However, the Qatana units acted without Alwans knowledge, and he blamed himself for the coups success. While the unionist coup was planned for 2 April 1962, the Nasserist officers under Alwans leadership made their move on 31 March, however, no other army units joined in to back the uprising, resulting in its quick end. A divided military and a political situation prevented the government from pursuing decisive action against the coup officers. The 1 April proposal was rejected outright by Alwan who proceeded to encourage his independent, thus, on 2 April, officers Alwan, Muhammad Umran and Hamad Ubayd led the insurrection in Homs and Aleppo, while Luay al-Atassi led the revolt in Deir ez-Zor. The flag of the UAR was raised over the Citadel of Aleppo, although, the Baath Party was dissolved by Nasser during the UAR period and its leadership had initially supported Syrias secession, Baathist officers openly supported reunification efforts. As a consequence of the Baathist pull-out, Alwans uprising failed once more, on 17 April a unity agreement between Egypt, Iraq and Syria was signed, stipulating a federal system with Nasser as president. Weeks later, dozens of Nasserist officers were purged by the Baathists, and his forces launched daytime assaults on the Army General Headquarters and the broadcast station in Damascus. The Baathist Interior Minister Amin al-Hafiz personally defended the army headquarters, eventually pro-Baathist units and the partys National Guard quelled the rebellion
3. Ziad al-Hariri – Mohammed Ziad al-Hariri was a prominent Syrian Army officer. He retired from political activity soon afterward, Hariri was born to a Sunni Muslim family from the town of Hama in 1930. His father was a landowner in nearby Homs, and was sympathetic to the politics of the communist national leader Khalid al-Azm. Hariris brother was also sympathetic to communism and was a known poet in Syria. Hariris brother-in-law was the prominent Arab socialist politician Akram al-Hawrani, who was also a Hama native, Hariri entered the Homs Military Academy in the early 1950s and became an officer in the Syrian Army in 1954, during the presidency of Adib al-Shishakli. During this period he became active in the growing pan-Arabist movement led by Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, Hariri supported the formation of the United Arab Republic in February 1958. Along with many other Syrian officers, he was sent to be stationed in Egypt and he would later state that he felt he and his comrades were in an inferior position and we did not know why. After the unions breakup in 1961, following a secessionist coup in Syria, at the time, Hariri, a staff colonel, had been reassigned to commander of the army on the southern front with Israel. It was both a title and a strategic post as Hariri headed the largest concentration of Syrian troops in the country. Should the coup attempt fail, the committee guaranteed Hariri could disown them, when Azm did nominate him for the position, Hariri refused and was accused of being a rebel by the government. Hariri accepted the Military Committees offer and on the night of 7–8 March 1963, he played a prominent role in the toppling of Qudsi, Hariris troops installed barricades blocking strategic roads in the city, and besieged several government buildings, including the main post office. By the morning of 8 March, the coup was completed with no blood spilled. Syria expert Patrick Seale referred to Hariri as the chief coup maker, Hariri was promoted to Major-General, became a member of the Revolutionary Command Council that governed the country and, as planned, was appointed the armys chief of staff. To Hariris chagrin, the Military Committee became the power in Syria instead of Hariri serving as the countrys strongman. Under the committees influence, the RCC appointed officer Luay al-Atassi as president, Hariri had taken part in the negotiations in Cairo. Towards the end of April, dozens of Nasserist officers were purged from the army, prompting the resignation of six Nasserist RCC members, or half the council, the sidelining of the Nasserists, including Defense Minister Muhammad al-Sufi, resulted in Hariris acquisition of the defense ministry portfolio. Together with his position as chief of staff, the defense ministry post gave Hariri highly strategic control over the army and this was seen as a major impediment to the Military Committees plans to consolidate unchecked power in the armed forces. Hariri had been sent to Algeria on 19 June with a delegation, including Bitar, Aflaq and Education Minister Sami Droubi
4. Nasim al-Safarjalani – Nasim Al Safarjalani comes from a prominent Arab Syrian family from Damascus, Syria. Historian Salah ad-Din Al Safarjalani records that Nasim Al Safarjalani was born in Damascus in 1935 and his family and many of his recent ancestors had been ulama and preachers in the districts Umayyad Mosque. A distinguished attorney at young age, Al Safarjalani was on a path to a prominent public life, quickly he was recognized and admired among his peers and was named for several government posts, among them, General Secretary of the Presidential Council and Governor of Latakia Province. Nasim Al Safarjalani became the youngest ever Syrian Governor in the history of Syria. He held his post as Governor of Latakia at age 28, to this date, the people of Latakia Province regard Al Safarjalani as the most distinguished Governor of Latakia Province since independence. On 23 February1966 a bloody coup détat led by leftist Baathist faction headed by Chief of Staff Salah Jadid, a late warning telegram of the coup détat was sent from President Gamal Abdel Nasser to Nasim Al Safarjalani, on the early morning of the coup détat. Jadids supporters were seen as more radically left-wing. Al Safarjalani managed to make his escape and flee to Beirut, in 1969 another court condemned Al Safarjalani to death in absentia. He was never pardoned even when President Hafez al-Assad came to power, a return to Damascus was never reconciled and an agreement was never reached with al-Assad. He was also rumored to be in contact with Syrian opposition figures in Baghdad, at the age of 31, Nasim Al Safarjalani was forced into exile. Several of Al Safarjalanis colleagues were assassinated, hence Al Safarjalani fled from one country to another, members of the partys other fractions fled, Michel Aflaq was captured and detained, along with other members of the partys historic leadership. A few months later, Al Safarjalani escaped through Al Zabadani mountain area in Syria to Lebanon, a journey described as a three day on foot struggle. Al Safarjalani was never able to return to his country, in 1994 Al Safarjalani died in exile. As an Arab politician he set an example to the people of Syria and to the Arab world to the nature of life in Modern Syria. 76916-907 Hizb Al-Baath Al Arabi Al Ishtiraki, Mustafa Dandashli, Beirut, Al-Baath wal Watan Al-Arabi, Qasim Sallam, Paris, EMA,1980. ISBN 2-86584-003-4 Al-Baath wa-Lubnân, NY Firzli, Beirut, Dar-al-Talia Books,1973 The Iraq-Iran Conflict, NY Firzli, Paris, ISBN 0-520-06976-5 The Old Social Classes and New Revolutionary Movements of Iraq, Hanna Batatu, al-Saqi Books, London,2000
5. Fawzi Selu – Fawzi Selu was a Syrian military leader, politician and head of state. He studied at the Homs Military Academy and joined the French-sponsored Troupe Speciales that was created when France imposed its League of Nations mandate on Syria in July 1920. He had a military career, and when Syria became fully independent in 1946. He was given a command in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War where he became close to chief of staff Husni al-Zaim, however Zaim was overthrown and killed, and civilian rule was restored with the administration of the nationalist Hashim al-Atassi. Atassi upheld the agreement, but refused to consider peace with Israel. Selu then allied himself with military strongman general Adib al-Shishakli, who contrived to have Selu appointed minister of defense in three cabinets under president Atassi. Shishakli finally launched a coup in November 1951, but could not persuade the popular Atassi to stay on as president, who resigned in protest. As a result, Shishakli appointed Selu as president, prime minister and chief of staff, the two men ran a police state and suppressed virtually all opposition. Under the direction of Shishakli, Selu improved relations with Jordan, opening the first Syrian embassy in Amman and he also sought better relations with Lebanon, Egypt and Saudi Arabia. On July 11,1953 Shishakli finally dispensed with Selu and appointed himself as president, Selu fled to Saudi Arabi and became an advisor to King Saud and then his brother King Faisal. When Shishakli was overthrown in February 1954, a court in Damascus charged Selu with corruption, misuse of office. He was sentenced to death in absentia, sami Moubayed Steel & Silk, Men and Women Who Shaped Syria 1900-2000