Category:Tamil diaspora in Europe
This category has only the following subcategory.
- ► Tamil British (1 C, 4 P)
This category has only the following subcategory.
1. Tamil diaspora – The Tamil diaspora refers to descendants of the Tamil immigrants who emigrated from their native lands to other parts of the world. They found primarily in Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, South Africa, Réunion, Mauritius, Europe, North America, many of Tamil emigrants who left shores of Tamil Nadu before 18th Century and mixed with countless other ethnicities. Some are descended from immigrants from land of Arabia, though it is not known which part of the Arab world they are from, in the 19th century, Madras Presidency faced brutal famines. Tamil Nadu was both politically and economically weak, britishers thus made use of hungry Tamil workers for their plantations all over the world - Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Mauritius, South Africa, Fiji and also Sri Lanka. Some of the Tamil groups emigrated as commercial migrants and these groups then dominated the trade and finance in Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, South Africa and other places. The first Indian to own a merchant ship during the British times comes from this group and these Tamilians well integrated, assimilated with their adopted countries, and became part and parcel of local populations in Mauritius, South Africa, Guyana, and Fiji. Many also left to work in the possessions of the French Empire via its holdings in Pondichéry in Réunion, a small group was hired by the Dutch colonial government in Dutch East Indies to work in Sumatra. Roughly about 40,000 descendants of immigrants are still found in Medan. Many independent Tamil merchant guilds such as the Nagarathar also left for areas in an age old tradition of their ancestors who had traded in these areas for the last 2,000 years. Britain also hired many Sri Lankan Tamils as clerical and other white collar workers, especially in Malaysia, all these different streams have combined to create vibrant Tamil communities in these countries. Also many Tamils from India and Sri Lanka migrated to Crown colony of Singapore and British Malaya as labours, army clerks, during and after the devastating WW2 a large number of Tamils and other Indians from Burma fled to India- to Manipur, and Tamil Nadu. They established Burmese refugee colonies that still exist today and maintain an identity as Burmese returnees, many were repatriated to the Nilgiris regions tea estates. They too maintain an identity as Ceylon returnees in Tamil Nadu. There is also a movement of native Sri Lankan Tamils to India, some migrated to do white-collar jobs during the British days, although relatively recent in origin, this subgroup had well-established communities in these host countries prior to the 1983 pogroms. A more recent Sri Lankan Tamil community has developed rapidly in the United States, with reference to Mainland Africa, There is a significant amount of Tamils in Africa, Especially Kenya. Kenya holds at least 30% of the Tamilians in the Country followed by Uganda, most of these people are Migrants while some of them have been living there for generations. Tamil migration to South Africa started as from 1860, first as indentured labour, now there are more than 250,000 Tamils spread over in many cities, the concentration being in Natal and Durban. Mauritius has a Tamil population of 115,000, most arrived from Tamil Nadu after 1727 to serve as labourers on the sugar cane plantations
2. Tamils in France – Tamils in France refer to the citizens as well as expatriate residents of Tamil origin living in France. Over 100,000 Tamils from both India and Sri Lanka live in France and this is in addition to the Tamil community established in French overseas dominions of Réunion, Martinique, French Guiana etc. The earliest Tamil immigration into France can be traced back to since the 17th Century, a large number of them hailing from middle-class families who joined the French government on service. The later arrivals were mostly Tamils from Sri Lanka, who fled the country during the violence in 1983, today, there are about 50,000 Sri Lankan Tamils living in France, of which the greatest number live in Paris. There are Tamil newspapers, a station, and a website dedicated to Paris residents. Various social and political organisations supporting the Sri Lankan Tamil Nationalism exist among the Tamil community in France, apart from speaking Tamil their native language, most of the Tamils are fluent speakers of English due to their British colonial past. Many of the migrants had struggled to find work and higher education due to their relatively lesser understanding of the French. As a result, many of them have taken up free, a critical demand is that the French government create special work-training programs designed to orient refugees from different fields. The Tamil community preserve their culture by creating schools for children. Today there are ten or eleven active branches in Paris and in the suburbs, in these weekend classes, children are taught Tamil, traditional music and dance, and religion. A majority of the Tamil French population are Hindus, and a significant number of them have faith in Christianity, majority of the residents fled Sri Lanka in the 1980s, which saw the beginning of the countrys civil war. It is commonly called by the average Parisian as Little Bombay. Little Jaffna is also famous for the chariot procession held during Ganesha Chathurthi. Both the area and event have become popular tourist attractions, Little Jaffna is a thriving village in its own right, offering a kind of cultural richness that seems curiously preserved from French influence. Tamils in Réunion Indians in Guadeloupe Indo-Martiniquais Tamil diaspora
3. Tamil Germans – It is found that most Tamils, irrespective of their Indian and Sri Lankan origins all tended to practice Hinduism and especially Shaivism. There are two well organized Hindu temples in the country – Sidhivinayagar Kovil and the Kamatchi Amman Kovil – both in the city of Hamm since 1984. Additionally, since the late 1980s, Tamil Hindus founded numerous temples, the temples are situated in cellars and flats, some in former warehouses and industrial halls. Apart from their religious importance for the out of religious worship, life-cycle rituals and festivals. A few temples have started to celebrate the annual festival with a public procession, thus bringing the gods. Container King Tamil Diaspora Germans in India