This category has only the following subcategory.
- ► Pan-Turkism (4 C, 6 P)
This category has only the following subcategory.
1. All-Tatar Public Center – The All-Tatar Public Center, also known as the Tatar Social Center is a Tatar social organization with a nationalist agenda. The ATPC headquarters are in Kazan, Tatarstan, the first congress of Tatar nationalists was held in February,1989. The newly formed organization was named the Tatar Public Center, the charter and the program of the ATPC were adopted at the second congress. At this congress, the name of the organization was changed to the All-Union Tatar Public Center, subsequently, after the fall of the Soviet Union, the name was changed once again to what it is now. The ATPC was established by M. Mölekev, İ Ämixanov, Fäwziä Bäyrämeva, Z. Zäynulin, R. Safin, F. Safiullin, most of them were intellectuals from Kazan State University. The current chairman is Rafis Kashapov, in late 1980s- early 1990s, the ATPC organized many demonstrations and public meetings demanding that the government of Tatarstan proclaims the republic independent of Russia. As a result, the ATPCs popularity went down among the majority of the population while the popularity of president Shaymiev grew, tatarstans special status within the Russian Federation and economic concessions from Moscow achieved by Shaymiev made many demands of Tatar nationalists superfluous. In the last few years, the ATPC has not been as active as in the past, the majority of the participants in its most recent demonstrations are pensioners. The only exception is the Memorial Day held in October of each year to commemorate the fall of Kazan and this event attracts many participants, both young and old, from all parts of Idel-Ural and is accompanied by a funeral march and Tatar rock music concerts. In some regions of Russia, local chapters of the Tatar Public Center collaborate with local officials, however, in Bashkortostan the ATPC is playing an important political role as an opposition force against the regime of president Murtaza Rakhimov. The ATPC is also striving to revive Islam in Tatarstan, to support Tatar diasporas, the main publications of the ATPC are, Taşqın, Millät and Russian language Izvestiya TOTs. The governing bodies of the organization are Qorıltay, Ğäli Mäcles, Presidium, congresses, 1st -1989, 2nd -1991, 3rd and 4th 1993, 5th -1996, 6th 1999, 7th -2002. According to the ATPC charter, the organization pursues its goals in a democratic way. However, some state that in the 1990s some ATPC leaders had contacts with the Wahhabis in Ichkeria. There are rumors and unsubstantiated reports about some ATPC volunteers joining the ranks of the militants in the Caucasus and these allegations, however, have not yet been proven. The same sources also state that the ATPC includes militarized wings İdel, ittifaq party Photochronicle of late 1980s Tatar nationalism analysis
2. Mirsaid Sultan-Galiev – Mirsaid Sultan-Galiev, also known as Mirza Sultan-Galiev, was a Tatar Bolshevik who rose to prominence in the Russian Communist Party in the early 1920s. He was the architect of Muslim national communism and his views were a direct threat to the policies of the Comintern, he was imprisoned in 1923, and executed in 1940. Sultan-Galiev, the son of a teacher, was born on July 13,1892 in the village of Elembetevo, Ufa Guberniya, Bashkiria, then part of the Russian Empire. Sultan-Galiev later wrote, My mother was the daughter of a prince – a noblewoman, while my father was a simple Mishar, from a young age Sultan-Galiev studied the Russian language and read many of the Russian classics from his fathers library. At his fathers school, he studied from age 8 to 15, learning Tatar and Arabic, history, geography, all this, especially his knowledge of Russian, greatly helped him to gain entrance to the Kazan Teachers College in 1907. An avid reader of Russian Literature, he translated works by Tolstoy, in 1913, he married Rauza Chanysheva, who became a leading figure in the womens movement. They separated after personal problems in 1918, Sultan-Galiev was first drawn to revolutionary ideas during the abortive 1905 revolution. Following the revolutions defeat he moved to Baku, where he came to the attention of Nariman Narimanov and he was further drawn to revolutionary ideas while studying to become a teacher at the Tatar Teachers College in Kazan. At this time, he received his first lessons in socialism. The future bolshevik A. Nasybullin and the future Basmachi A. Ishmurzin gave him books on the theory of socialism, graduating from the Teachers College in 1911, Sultan-Galiev began his career as a half-starved village school teacher and librarian. As with most people of his generation, World War I played a role in his personal transformation. With the wars outbreak, Sultan-Galiev and his wife Rauza Chanysheva moved to Baku, in May 1917, Sultan-Galiev participated in the All-Russian Muslim Conference in Moscow and was elected to the All-Russia Muslim Council created by it. In July that year he went to Kazan, where he met Mullanur Waxitov, with whom he helped set up the Muslim Socialist Committee, in November 1917 he joined the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. Following the establishment of Narkomnats in June 1917, Sultan-Galiev was asked to head of the Muslim section. He was appointed the chair of the Central Muslim Military Collegium when it was established in June 1918, mustafa Suphi acted as his secretary. I will say the following, I associate with them not from sycophancy, the love for my people, which lies inherently inside me, draws me to them. I go to them not with a goal to betray our nation, I go there because with my whole spirit I believe in the rightness of the Bolsheviks’ cause. I know this, it is my conviction, thus, nothing will remove it from my soul