Category:The Sorrows of Young Werther
Pages in category "The Sorrows of Young Werther"
The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. The Sorrows of Young Werther – The Sorrows of Young Werther is an epistolary, loosely autobiographical novel by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, first published in 1774. A revised edition followed in 1787 and it was one of the most important novels of the Sturm und Drang period in German literature, and influenced the later Romantic movement in literature. Goethe, twenty-four years old at the time, finished Werther in six weeks of writing in January–March 1774. It instantly put him among the foremost international literary celebrities, towards the end of Goethes life, a personal visit to Weimar became a crucial stage in any young mans Grand Tour of Europe. Most of The Sorrows of Young Werther is presented as a collection of written by Werther. These give an account of his stay in the fictional village of Wahlheim. There he meets Charlotte, a young girl who takes care of her siblings after the death of their mother. Werther falls in love with Charlotte despite knowing beforehand that she is engaged to a man named Albert eleven years her senior, despite the pain it causes him, Werther spends the next few months cultivating a close friendship with them both. His sorrow eventually becomes so unsupportable that he is forced to leave Wahlheim for Weimar and he suffers great embarrassment when he forgetfully visits a friend and unexpectedly has to face there the weekly gathering of the entire aristocratic set. He is not tolerated and asked to leave since he is not a nobleman and he then returns to Wahlheim, where he suffers still more than before, partly because Charlotte and Albert are now married. Every day becomes a torturing reminder that Charlotte will never be able to requite his love and she, out of pity for her friend and respect for her husband, decides that Werther must not visit her so frequently. He visits her one time, and they are both overcome with emotion after he recites to her a passage of his own Ossians translation. Even before that incident, Werther had hinted at the idea that one member of the love triangle – Charlotte, unable to hurt anyone else or seriously consider murder, Werther sees no other choice but to take his own life. After composing a letter to be found after his death. Charlotte receives the request with great emotion and sends the pistols, Werther then shoots himself in the head, but does not die until twelve hours later. He is buried under a tree that he has mentioned frequently in his letters. The funeral is not attended by any clergy, or by Albert or Charlotte, the book ends with an intimation that Charlotte may die of a broken heart. Charlottes life was despaired of, etc and he wrote Werther at the age of twenty-four, and yet this was what all some of his visitors in his old age knew him for
2. Charlotte Buff – Charlotte Buff was a youthful acquaintance of the poet Goethe, who fell in love with her. She rejected him and instead married Johann Christian Kestner, a diplomat, the character of Lotte, in Goethes novel The Sorrows of Young Werther, is partly based on her. Their relationship was characterized by heartiness and lack of constraint, Goethe bought the wedding rings for her and Kestner, in Frankfurt am Main. Charlotte and Kestner had four daughters and eight sons, among them August Kestner, within the 2010 German film Young Goethe in Love, the character of Charlotte Buff is portrayed by Miriam Stein
3. .com for Murder – After being screened at various film festivals, it was released direct-to-video on 14 January 2003. Ben is a successful and rich architect, living in Los Angeles, Sondra is his beloved wife, who broke a leg while skiing. As Ben is leaving town for his work, Sondra accesses his intelligent house computer Hal, posing as him, she chats with one of his online friends, Lynn, and they agree to meet that night. Hacker Werther rudely joins the conversation and later shuts out Sondra, Sondra is meanwhile joined by her sister Misty, who came to look after her. Later that night Werther kills Lynn in her house, showing a live feed of the murder to Sondra. Werther is shown to be a psychopath who loves to quote from The Sorrows of Young Werther by Goethe, Sondra and Misty call the police and eventually speak with FBI agent Matheson. When they send him the file of the murder, it appears to be encrypted, on the advice of agent Matheson, Sondra and Misty invite a computer expert to decrypt the file. As the expert arrives at the door, Werther calls them, Sondra and Misty thus send the real expert away, believing he is the killer. A short while later, Werther shows up at the house, after he finishes the decrypting job and leaves the house, Misty walks after him to inform him that the gate is jammed. Werther suddenly turns towards her and cuts her left wrist slightly, just enough to keep her living for another 20 minutes, Werther then turns to enter the house and kill Sondra, but Sondra manages to lock the main entrance in time to prevent this. Werther then tries to open the door, but is electrocuted with 22,000 volts by Hal. Sondra bandages Mistys wrist and tries to power to the house. Werther turns out not to be dead and in the mean time takes Misty, carrying a passive night vision device that amplifies light 60,000 times, he is stunned by the house lights and falls off the second floor, coming to his death. Rotten Tomatoes lists a single review of the film, by Felix Vasquez Jr. of Cinema Crazed. Vasquez deemed it a remake of Rear Window, full of clichés
4. Lotte in Weimar: The Beloved Returns – Lotte in Weimar, The Beloved Returns, otherwise known as Lotte in Weimar or The Beloved Returns, is a 1939 novel by Thomas Mann. Lotte in Weimar was first published in English in 1940, Goethe had romanced Charlotte when they were young, but she had already been engaged to another man whom she truly loved. The real Charlotte became inadvertently and unwillingly famous, and remained so for the rest of her life to a certain degree, most of the novel is written as dialogues between Charlotte and other residents of Weimar, who give their own opinions on the issue of Goethes genius. Only in the last third of the book, starting with the monologue in the seventh chapter. Lotte in Weimar also echoes in subtle ways Manns and the concerns with German military aggression. Would strike them because they betrayed themselves and did not want to be what they are, with what a voice of prophecy he spoke-for these are the mad scoundrels who did those very things. Within a few days, the British press was commenting that these were not Goethes words at all, if they do represent an actual quotation, I should be very glad if you could let me know in which work they appear. It is, of course, possible that they are a passage from a contemporary or later commentator, should this be the case, perhaps you would be good enough to say where you got them from. For Goethe’s monologue in the novel many quotations had been modified and variegated for poetic purposes. ”On the other hand, therefore, in a higher sense the words the British prosecutor had used were indeed Goethe’s. A copy or a translation had come into the hands of Sir Hartley Shawcross who - finding its content striking - in good faith had used it extensively in his final argument. First edition 1939 To learn more about Goethes works, or to find copies in English or German, to learn more about the city of Weimar, one could visit the webpage. Film adaptation Lotte in Weimar, The Beloved Returns at the Internet Movie Database
5. Werther – Werther is an opera in four acts by Jules Massenet to a French libretto by Édouard Blau, Paul Milliet and Georges Hartmann. It is loosely based on the German epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, earlier examples of operas using the story were made by Kreutzer and Pucitta. Massenet started composing Werther in 1885, completing it in 1887 and he submitted it to Leon Carvalho, the director of the Paris Opéra-Comique, that year, but Carvalho declined to accept it on the grounds that the scenario was too serious. Werther received its premiere on 16 February 1892 at the Imperial Theatre Hofoper in Vienna, the French-language premiere followed in Geneva on 27 December 1892. The United States premiere with the Metropolitan Opera took place in Chicago on 29 March 1894 and then in the companys main house in New York City three weeks later. The UK premiere was a performance at Covent Garden, London, on 11 June 1894 with Emma Eames as Charlotte, Sigrid Arnoldson as Sophie. Werther is still performed around the world and has been recorded many times. Although the role of Werther was written for a tenor, Massenet adjusted it for a baritone and it is very occasionally performed in this version, in which the changes affect only the vocal line for the title character. There are no changes to the words, to the lines for other characters. 2 flutes,2 Oboes,2 Clarinets in B-flat and A, Alto Saxophone,2 Bassoons,4 Horns in F,2 Trumpets,3 Trombones, Tuba, Timpani, Percussion, Harp, Strings. Time, Within the period July to December, in an year in the 1780s. In July, the widowed Bailiff, is teaching his six youngest children a Christmas carol and his drinking companions, Johann and Schmidt, arrive as Charlotte, the eldest daughter, dresses for a ball. Since her fiancé Albert is away, she is to be escorted by Werther, Werther arrives, and watches as Charlotte prepares her young siblings supper, just as her mother had before she died. He greets her and they leave for the ball, Albert returns unexpectedly after a six-month trip. He is unsure of Charlottes intentions and disappointed not to find her at home and he leaves after promising to return in the morning. After an orchestral interlude, Werther and Charlotte return very late and his declaration of love is interrupted by the announcement of Alberts return. Charlotte recalls how she promised her mother she would marry Albert. It is three months later, and Charlotte and Albert are now married and they walk happily to church to celebrate the ministers 50th wedding anniversary, followed by the disconsolate Werther
6. Werther effect – A spike of emulation suicides after a widely publicized suicide is known as the Werther effect, following Goethes novel The Sorrows of Young Werther. The publicized suicide serves as a trigger, in the absence of protective factors and this is referred to as suicide contagion. They occasionally spread through a system, through a community, or in terms of a celebrity suicide wave. This is called a suicide cluster, suicide clusters are caused by the social learning of suicide-related behaviors, or copycat suicides. Point clusters are clusters of suicides in time and space, and have been linked to direct social learning from nearby individuals. Mass clusters are clusters of suicides in time but not space, to prevent this type of suicide, it is customary in some countries for the media to discourage suicide reports except in special cases. One of the earliest known associations between the media and suicide arose from Goethes novel Die Leiden des jungen Werthers, soon after its publication in 1774, young men began to mimic the main character by dressing in yellow pants and blue jackets. This resulted in the book being banned in several places, hence the term Werther effect, used in the technical literature to designate copycat suicides. The term was coined by researcher David Phillips in 1974, two centuries after Goethes novel was published, reports in 1985 and 1989 by Phillips and his colleagues found that suicides and other accidents seem to rise after a well-publicized suicide. People who are young or old – but not middle-aged – seem to be most susceptible to this effect, due to the effects of differential identification, the people who attempt to copy a suicidal act tend to have the same age and gender as the triggering suicide. These suicidal actions tend to happen in the days and sometimes weeks after a suicide is announced, in exceptional cases, such as a widely discussed suicide by a celebrity, an increased level of thinking about suicide may persist for up to one year. Copycat suicide is mostly blamed on the media, hearing about a suicide seems to make those who are vulnerable feel they have permission to do it, Phillips said. He cited studies that showed that people were likely to engage in dangerous deviant behavior, such as drug taking. The Werther effect not only predicts an increase in suicide, the more similar the person in the publicized suicide is to the people exposed to the information about it, the more likely the age group or demographic is to die by suicide. The increase generally happens only in areas where the story was highly publicized. Upon learning of someone elses suicide, some people decide that action may be appropriate for them as well, especially if the publicized suicide was of someone in a similar situation as them. People may see suicide as an ending, with the young person or elderly person getting a lot of attention, lots of sympathy. The second possible factor is that vulnerable youth may feel like, If they couldnt cut it, increased rate of suicides has been shown to occur up to ten days after a television report
7. Young Goethe in Love – Young Goethe in Love is a 2010 German historical drama film directed by Philipp Stölzl and starring Alexander Fehling, Miriam Stein, and Moritz Bleibtreu. It is a version of the early years of the poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Set to read old files by his grim chief Kestner, he is befriended by another junior, Wilhelm Jerusalem, there he sees Lotte Buff, daughter of a widower living in an old manor house outside the town, where she looks after her seven younger siblings. Developing a closer friendship with the attractive and lively young woman, a sudden rain storm forces the two to seek shelter in a ruined castle, where they make love. Meanwhile Kestner has been negotiating with her father, who is delighted to see his family helped by the marriage of his eldest girl to a distinguished lawyer. Though not in the least charmed by Kestner, for the sake of the family Lotte reluctantly agrees he may woo her, unaware of her relationship with Goethe and without mentioning her name, Kestner asks him to be best man. Goethe agrees heartily, and even suggests some good phrases he could use in his wooing, accepting Kestner out of duty, Lotte writes to Goethe to tell him their affair is at an end. Before he gets the letter, he sets out for her house with a present, returning despondent to his lodgings, he then sees his room-mate Jerusalem blow his brains out in despair over his hopeless love for a married woman. After briefly contemplating suicide himself, he returns to work and publicly insults Kestner, given first shot he misses, whereupon Kestner fires wide and has him arrested for illegal duelling. In jail, Goethe turns these events into a story he calls The Sorrows of Young Werther and she sees its qualities and, without telling him, takes it to a publisher. Once Goethe is released from prison, his father takes him home to Frankfurt, where the book has become a sensation, some of the film is accurate biography, some is drawn from the novel and some is made up. Though Goethe did not get a doctorate, he did earn a licentiate which entitled him to practice and his relationship with Lotte was never more than platonic. He did not fight a duel with Kestner and therefore was not jailed for it, on the contrary, Goethe had great respect for Kestner