Three-volume novels were a standard form of publishing for British fiction during the nineteenth century, persisting into the next, and occasionally used elsewhere.
Three-volume novels were a standard form of publishing for British fiction during the nineteenth century, persisting into the next, and occasionally used elsewhere.
1. Three-volume novel – The three-volume novel was a standard form of publishing for British fiction during the nineteenth century. It was a significant stage in the development of the modern Western novel as a form of popular literature, the format does not correspond closely to what would now be considered a trilogy of novels. Furthermore, a librarian had three volumes earning their keep, rather than one. The particular style of fiction, of a complicated plot reaching resolution by distribution of marriage partners. Three volume novels began to be produced by the Edinburgh-based publisher Archibald Constable in the early 19th century and this continued until Constables company collapsed in 1826 with large debts, bankrupting both him and Scott. As Constables company collapsed, the publisher Henry Colburn quickly adopted the format, the number of three-volume novels he issued annually rose from six in 1825 to 30 in 1828 and 39 in 1829. Under Colburns influence, the published novels adopted a format of three volumes in octavo, priced at 31 shillings and sixpence. The price and format remained unaltered for nearly 70 years, until 1894, the standardized cost of a three volume novel was equivalent half the weekly income of a modest, middle-class household. And was enough to deter even comparatively well-off members of the public from buying them, instead, they were borrowed from commercial circulating libraries, the most well known being owned by Charles Edward Mudie. Mudie was able to buy novels for stock at round half the retail price - five shilling per volume and he charged his subscribers one guinea a year for the right to borrow one volume at a time. A subscriber who wished to borrow three volumes, in order to read the novel without having to make two additional trips to the library, had to pay a higher annual fee. The system encouraged publishers and authors to produce as many novels as possible, due to the almost-guaranteed, the normal three-volume novel was around 900 pages in total at 150–200,000 words, the average length was 168,000 words in 45 chapters. It was common for novelists to have contracts specifying a set number of pages to be filled, if they ran under, they could be made to produce extra, or break the text up into more chapters — each new chapter heading would fill a page. In 1880, the author Rhoda Broughton was offered £750 by her publisher for her two-volume novel Second Thoughts, however, he offered her £1200 if she could add a third volume. This was a used for the first publications of many of the works of Charles Dickens, Anthony Trollope. Many novels by such as Wilkie Collins and George Eliot were first published in serial form in weekly and monthly magazines that began to become popular in the middle of the 19th century. Publishers also offered cheap, reprint editions of works, priced at one to two shillings. Although there was often a lengthy delay before reprint editions were released and those who wished to access the latest books had no choice but to borrow three volume editions from a subscription library
2. 1Q84 – 1Q84 is a dystopian novel written by Japanese writer Haruki Murakami, first published in three volumes in Japan in 2009–10. The novel quickly became a sensation, with its first printing selling out the day it was released, an excerpt from the novel, Town of Cats, appeared in the September 5,2011 issue of The New Yorker magazine. The first chapter of 1Q84 has also read as an excerpt at Selected Shorts. The novel was published in Japan in three hardcover volumes by Shinchosha. Book 1 and Book 2 were both published on May 29,2009, Book 3 was published on April 16,2010. In English translation, Knopf published the novel in the United States in a volume on October 25,2011. The cover for the box-set, featuring a transparent dust jacket, was created by Chip Kidd, in the United Kingdom the novel was published by Harvill Secker in two volumes. The first volume, containing Books 1 and 2, was published on October 18,2011, followed by the volume, containing Book 3. Murakami spent four years writing the novel after coming up with the opening sequence, the title is a play on the Japanese pronunciation of the year 1984 and a reference to George Orwells Nineteen Eighty-Four. The letter Q and the Japanese number 9 are homophones, which are used in Japanese wordplay. Before the publication of 1Q84, Murakami stated that he would not reveal anything about the book, 1Q84 was noted for heavy advance orders despite this secrecy. A verse from the 1933 song Its Only a Paper Moon by Harold Arlen, E. Y. Harburg and Billy Rose, in addition, Murakami refers to more contemporary artists such as Billie Holiday, Charles Mingus and The Rolling Stones. The text also quotes a passage about the Gilyak people from the travel diary Sakhalin Island by Anton Chekhov. In accordance with many of Murakamis novels, 1Q84 is dominated by religious, 1Q84s plot is built around a mystical cult and two long-lost lovers who are drawn into a distorted version of reality. 1Q84 serves as a culmination of many of his prior works, 1Q84 draws a connection between the supernatural and the disturbing. Readers are often cited as experiencing a religious unease that is similar to postmodern sensibilities, religious othering is a major theme in 1Q84, as Murakami places sacred ideas as existing separately from everyday reality. The book opens with a character named Aomame as she catches a taxi in Tokyo on her way to a work assignment. Aomame makes her way to a hotel in Shibuya, where she poses as an attendant in order to kill a hotel guest
3. Kenilworth (novel) – A Romance is a historical novel by Sir Walter Scott, first published on 8 January 1821. Kenilworth is apparently set in 1575, and centers on the marriage of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester. The tragic series of events begins when Amy flees her father and her betrothed, Tressilian, Amy passionately loves her husband, and the Earl loves her in return, but he is driven by ambition. He is courting the favour of Queen Elizabeth I, and only by keeping his marriage to Amy secret can he hope to rise to the height of power that he desires. At the end of the book, the queen finally discovers the truth, but the disclosure has come too late, for Amy has been murdered by the Earls even more ambitious steward, Varney. The title refers to Dudleys Kenilworth Castle in Kenilworth, Warwickshire, the novel opens, however, at Cumnor Place, near Abingdon in Berkshire. Giles Gosling, the innkeeper, had just welcomed his scape-grace nephew Michael Lambourne on his return from Flanders and he invited the Cornishman, Tressilian, and other guests to drink with them. On arriving there Tressilian found that this lady was his former lady-love and he would have carried back to her home, but she refused, and as he was leaving he quarrelled with Richard Varney, the earls squire, and might have taken his life had not Lambourne intervened. Returning to London, Tressilians servant, Wayland Smith, cured the Earl of Sussex of a dangerous illness. On hearing about this from Walter Raleigh, Elizabeth at once set out to visit Leicesters rival, the queen was agitated to learn of this secret marriage. Varney was accordingly summoned to the presence, but he boldly declared that Amy was his wife. Travelling thither as brother and sister, they joined a party of mummers, on entering the park, Elizabeth was received by her favourite attended by a numerous cavalcade bearing waxen torches, and a variety of entertainments followed. During the evening she enquired for Varneys wife, and was told she was too ill to be present, Tressilian offered to lose his head if within twenty-four hours he did not prove the statement to be false. Nevertheless, the bridegroom was knighted by the queen. Falling on her knees the countess besought protection against Varney, who she declared was not her husband, and added that the Earl of Leicester knew all. The next day a duel between Tressilian and the earl was interrupted by Dickie, who produced the countesss note, and, convinced of her innocence, Leicester confessed that she was his wife. With the queens permission he at once deputed his rival and Sir Walter Raleigh to proceed to Cumnor, whither he had already despatched Lambourne, to stay his squires further proceedings. Varney, however, had shot the messenger on receiving his instructions, and had caused Amy to be conducted by Foster to an apartment reached by a flight of stairs
4. The Lord of the Rings – The Lord of the Rings is an epic high-fantasy novel written by English author J. R. R. Tolkien. The story began as a sequel to Tolkiens 1937 fantasy novel The Hobbit, written in stages between 1937 and 1949, The Lord of the Rings is one of the best-selling novels ever written, with over 150 million copies sold. The work was intended by Tolkien to be one volume of a two-volume set, the other to be The Silmarillion. For economic reasons The Lord of the Rings was published in three volumes over the course of a year from 29 July 1954 to 20 October 1955, the three volumes were titled The Fellowship of the Ring, The Two Towers, and The Return of the King. Structurally, the novel is divided internally into six books, two per volume, with appendices of background material included at the end of the third volume. Some editions combine the work into a single volume. The Lord of the Rings has since been reprinted numerous times, Tolkiens work has been the subject of extensive analysis of its themes and origins. Although a major work in itself, the story was only the last movement of a larger epic Tolkien had worked on since 1917 and these inspirations and themes have often been denied by Tolkien himself. The Lord of the Rings has inspired, and continues to inspire, artwork, music, films and television, video games, award-winning adaptations of The Lord of the Rings have been made for radio, theatre, and film. In 2003, it was named Britains best-loved novel of all time in the BBCs The Big Read, Sauron was defeated by an alliance of Elves and Men led by Gil-galad and Elendil, respectively. Isildur, son of Elendil, cut the One Ring from Saurons finger, Isildur claimed the Ring as an heirloom for his line, but when he was later ambushed and killed by the Orcs, the Ring was lost in the River Anduin at Gladden Fields. Over two thousand years later, the Ring was found by one of the river-folk called Déagol and his friend Sméagol fell under the Rings influence and strangled Déagol to acquire it. Sméagol was banished and hid under the Misty Mountains, the Ring gave him long life and changed him over hundreds of years into a twisted, corrupted creature called Gollum. Gollum lost the Ring, his precious, and as told in The Hobbit, meanwhile, Sauron assumed a new form and took back his old realm of Mordor. When Gollum set out in search of the Ring, he was captured and tortured by Sauron, Sauron learned from Gollum that Baggins of the Shire had taken the Ring. Sauron, who needed the Ring to regain his power, sent forth his powerful servants. The story begins in the Shire, where the hobbit Frodo Baggins inherits the Ring from Bilbo Baggins, his cousin, neither hobbit is aware of the Rings nature, but Gandalf the Grey, a wizard and an old friend of Bilbo, suspects it to be Saurons Ring. After Gandalf confirms his suspicions, he tells Frodo the history of the Ring, Frodo leaves the Shire, in the company of his gardener and friend, Samwise Gamgee, and two cousins, Meriadoc Brandybuck, called Merry, and Peregrin Took, called Pippin
5. The Mummy! – Or a Tale of the Twenty-Second Century is an 1827 three-volume novel written by Jane Webb. It concerns the Egyptian mummy of Cheops, who is back to life in the year 2126. The novel describes a future filled with advanced technology, and features one of the earliest known examples of a Mummys curse. After her fathers death, making her an orphan at the age of 17, Webb found that, as Shelley had written of Frankensteins creation, A mummy again endued with animation could not be so hideous as that wretch, which may have triggered young Miss Webbs later concept. However, unlike the Frankenstein monster, the hideous revived Cheops is not shuffling around dealing out horror and death, unlike many early science fiction works, Loudon did not portray the future as her own day with only political changes. She filled her world with foreseeable changes in technology, society and her court ladies wear trousers and hair ornaments of controlled flame. Surgeons and lawyers may be steam-powered automatons, a kind of Internet is predicted in it. Her social attitudes have resulted in this book being ranked among feminist novels, or a Tale of the Twenty-Second Century was published anonymously in 1827 by Henry Colburn in three volumes, as was usual in that day so that each small volume could be easily carried around. It drew many favourable reviews, including one in 1829 in The Gardeners Magazine on the inventions proposed in it, in 1830, the reviewer, John Claudius Loudon, sought out Webb, and they married the next year. The Mummy full text at University of Adelaide The Mummy, a Tale of the Twenty-Second Century public domain audiobook at LibriVox
6. The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle – The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle is a novel published in 1994–1995 by Japanese author Haruki Murakami. The American translation and its British adaptation, dubbed the official translations are by Jay Rubin and were first published in 1997. For this novel, Murakami received the Yomiuri Literary Award, which was awarded to him by one of his harshest former critics, the original Japanese edition was released in three parts, which make up the three books of the single volume English language version. A slightly different version of the first chapter translated by Alfred Birnbaum was published in the collection The Elephant Vanishes under the title The Wind-up Bird, in addition, the character name Noboru Wataya appears in the short story Family Affair in The Elephant Vanishes. While having a personality and background, the character is not related to the one in The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle of the same name. Noboru Wataya is also used in Jay Rubins translation of the short story in The Elephant Vanishes. In May 2010, Harvill Secker published the Limited Centenary Edition of The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle to celebrate its one hundred years of publishing and it was limited to 2,500 copies. The first part, The Thieving Magpie, begins with Toru Okada, an unemployed man. Kumiko suggests starting by looking in the alley, a strip of land existing behind their house. After Toru has hung out there for a while with no luck, May Kasahara and she then invites him over to her house in order to sit on the patio and look over an abandoned house that she says is a popular hangout for stray cats. The abandoned house is revealed to contain some strange omen. It also contains an empty well, which Toru uses later on to crawl into, with Toru having been unsuccessful in finding the cat, Kumiko asks her brother, Noboru Wataya, for help. Her side of the family all believe in fortune-telling and other clairvoyant-like skills, Noboru recommends Malta Kano, and she and her assistant sister, Creta, help Toru in finding the cat using their vague insight of the future. Creta meets Toru and begins to tell him the story of her past, among other events that occur, Toru notices one day that Kumiko is wearing perfume that has been gifted to her by some unknown person. The cat remains missing, and the first section ends with Lieutenant Mamiya telling Toru about his wartime experiences, Kumiko is revealed to be missing at the start of the second part, Bird as Prophet. Shortly after, Toru finds out through a meeting with Noboru and Malta that Kumiko has apparently been spending time with another man, work with May involves tallying up people with some degree of baldness at a subway line for a wig company. While at the bottom of the well, Toru reminisces about earlier times with Kumiko and he also experiences a dreamlike sequence where he enters a hotel room and speaks with a woman, and notices a strange blue mark on his cheek after he leaves the well. While loitering in the city, he spends most of the day sitting outside a donut shop, through this activity Toru encounters a well-dressed woman and also a singer he recognizes from his past, whom he follows and beats with a bat after getting ambushed by him