Practitioners of Toponymy.
Pages in category "Toponymists"
The following 33 pages are in this category, out of 33 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
Practitioners of Toponymy.
The following 33 pages are in this category, out of 33 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. John Aubrey – John Aubrey FRS, was an English antiquary, natural philosopher and writer. He is perhaps best known as the author of the Brief Lives and he was a pioneer archaeologist, who recorded numerous megalithic and other field monuments in southern England, and who is particularly noted as the discoverer of the Avebury henge monument. The Aubrey holes at Stonehenge are named after him, although there is doubt as to whether the holes that he observed are those that currently bear the name. He was also a pioneer folklorist, collecting together a miscellany of material on customs, traditions and he set out to compile county histories of both Wiltshire and Surrey, although both projects remained unfinished. His Interpretation of Villare Anglicanum was the first attempt to compile a full-length study of English place-names and he had wider interests in applied mathematics and astronomy, and was friendly with many of the greatest scientists of the day. For much of the 19th and 20th centuries, thanks largely to the popularity of Brief Lives, Aubrey was regarded as more than an entertaining but quirky, eccentric. Only in the 1970s did the full breadth and innovation of his begin to be more widely appreciated. He published little in his lifetime, and many of his most important manuscripts remain unpublished, or published only in partial and unsatisfactory form. Aubrey was born at Easton Piers or Percy, near Kington St Michael, Wiltshire, to a long-established and his grandfather, Isaac Lyte, lived at Lytes Cary Manor, Somerset, now owned by the National Trust. Richard Aubrey, his father, owned lands in Wiltshire and Herefordshire, for many years an only child, he was educated at home with a private tutor, he was melancholy in his solitude. His father was not intellectual, preferring field sports to learning, Aubrey read such books as came his way, including Bacons Essays, and studied geometry in secret. He was educated at the Malmesbury grammar school under Robert Latimer and he then studied at the grammar school at Blandford Forum, Dorset. He entered Trinity College, Oxford, in 1642, but his studies were interrupted by the English Civil War and his earliest antiquarian work dates from this period in Oxford. In 1646 he became a student of the Middle Temple and he spent a pleasant time at Trinity in 1647, making friends among his Oxford contemporaries, and collecting books. He was to show Avebury to Charles II at the Kings request in 1663 and his father died in 1652, leaving Aubrey large estates, but with them some complicated debts. He claimed that his memory was not tenacious by 17th-century standards, but from the early 1640s he kept notes of observations in natural philosophy, his friends ideas. He also began to write Lives of scientists in the 1650s, in 1659 he was recruited to contribute to a collaborative county history of Wiltshire, leading to his unfinished collections on the antiquities and the natural history of the county. His erstwhile friend and fellow-antiquary Anthony Wood predicted that he would one day break his neck while running downstairs in haste to interview some retreating guest or other and he drank the Kings health in Interregnum Herefordshire, but with equal enthusiasm attended meetings in London of the republican Rota Club
2. France Bezlaj – France Bezlaj was a Slovenian linguist. He received a degree in Slavic studies at the Faculty of Arts in Ljubljana and Prague, from 1958 to 1980 he worked as a professor of comparative Slavic linguistics at the Faculty of Arts in Ljubljana. In 1964 he became a member of the Slovene Academy of Sciences. He was the founder and editor of the journal Onomastica Jugoslavica, after specializing in phonetics during his studies in Prague, he later devoted himself to onomastics and etymology. Bezlaj published the work of Slovene onomastics Slovenska vodna imena. His lifetime achievement is the Etimološki slovar slovenskega jezika, which was supplemented and edited after his death by Marko Snoj and he also worked on issues in standard Slovene
3. Eilert Ekwall – He wrote works on the history of the language, but is best known as the author of numerous important books on English place-names and personal names. The Dictionary remained the national reference resource for over 40 years. He was competent not only in English philology, but also in Scandinavian and Celtic, from 1935, Ekwall was a Fellow of the Swedish Academy of Letters and the Swedish Academy of Sciences. He and his wife Dagny founded a bursary for students at Lund University from the Småland region, Ekwall, Eilert The Celtic element and The Scandinavian element, in A. Mawer and F. M. Stenton, eds, Introduction to the Survey. Von Feilitzen, Olof The Published Writings of Eilert Ekwall, a Bibliography
4. Margaret Gelling – Margaret Joy Gelling, OBE was an English toponymist, known for her extensive studies of English place-names. Born in Manchester and raised in Kent, she studied at St Hildas College and she proceeded to work for the English Place-Name Society from 1946 to 1953, focusing her research on the place-names of Oxfordshire and Berkshire. Marrying archaeologist Peter Gelling of the University of Birmingham in 1952, in the coming decades she focused on researching the place-names of Shropshire, resulting in a multi-volume publication, earning a number of awards and prominent appointments for her lifes work. Gellings work focused on establishing the Old English origins of English place-names in the Midlands, margaret Joy Midgley was born to a lower-middle-class family in Manchester on 29 November 1924, the daughter of an insurance salesman. As a child, her moved to Sidcup in Kent. Graduating in 1945, she related that the experience at Oxford had been a waste of time. Politically a socialist, at Oxford she had joined the Communist Party of Great Britain, working for a year as a temporary civil servant in London, in 1946 she gained employment as a research assistant with the English Place-Name Society, based in Cambridge. In 1952 she married the Manx archaeologist Peter Gelling, who obtained a teaching job at the University of Birmingham. For this reason, the moved to Harborne where she remained for the rest of her life. There, she would spend much time gardening, and although had no children of her own, raised her nephew, Adrian Midgley, having left the Communist Party, she still considered herself very left-wing, campaigning on behalf of the local branch of the centre-left Labour Party. She accompanied her husband on his excavations to various sites. In the 1960s, she accompanied him to Alto Plano in Peru to study the development of potato cultivation, in the early 1970s, she travelled with him to Cyprus, where she was sorting through finds in the castle at Kyrenia when the Turkish army invaded in July 1974. For a number of seasons she managed morale and catering at the camp at Deerness, Orkney. She also lectured at Birmingham University on occasion, as well as running a school at Oxford. She continued lecturing widely until developing the illness from which she died, English place-names derived from the compound Wicham. Place-Names and the History of England, the Early Charters of the Thames Valley. Place-Names in the Landscape, The Geographical Roots of Britains Place-names, the West Midlands in the Early Middle Ages. Studies in the Early History of Britain, Place-Names of Shropshire, Part II, the Hundreds of Ford and Condover
5. Lyubomir Ivanov (explorer) – Lyubomir Ivanov is a scientist, non-governmental activist, and Antarctic explorer. In 1994 he founded the Manfred Wörner Foundation, a dedicated to trans-atlantic co-operation. Member of the Streit Council Advisory Board, Washington, DC since 2006, Chairman, Antarctic Place-names Commission since 1994. He authored the modern Bulgarian system for Romanization of Cyrillic alphabet, Ivanov was a member of the UDF Coordinating Council and served as a Member of Parliament in Bulgaria, acting as Chairman of the Green Party parliamentary group. He has also served as secretary for the Bulgarian ministry of foreign affairs. Dr Ivanov has taken part in several Antarctic expeditions, in 2004, Ivanov went with Doychin Vasilev on the Tangra 2004 topographic expedition, noted by Discovery Channel as a timeline event in Antarctic exploration. Department of Mathematical Logic Antarctic Place-names Commission Atlantic Club of Bulgaria Manfred Wörner Foundation Tangra 2004/05 Ivanov,256 pp. ISBN 978-0-13-026907-2, ISBN 978-0-7458-0102-5 Ivanov, L. L. wikisource, Charter ’89 for Preservation of the Bulgarian Nature Heritage. Independent Society of Ecoglasnost, Club for Glasnost and Restructuring, draft parliamentary decision for the full EU membership of Bulgaria. Ivanov, L. L. wikisource, Toponymic Guidelines for Antarctica, Ivanov, L. L. St. Kliment Ohridski Base, Livingston Island. Project supported by the Atlantic Club of Bulgaria and the Bulgarian Antarctic Institute, nATOs Global Mission in the 21st century. Sofia, Atlantic Club of Bulgaria,2000,123 pp. Ivanov, L. L. Platek Spaces, Fundamenta Informaticae. Ivanov, L. L. Boldface recursion on Platek Spaces, on the Romanization of Bulgarian and English. Contrastive Linguistics, XXVIII,2003,2, pp. 109–118, Ivanov, L. L. Antarctica, Livingston Island and Greenwich Island, South Shetland Islands. The role of immigration for the demographic and national development of Bulgaria in the 21st century, in,54 pp. ISBN 978-954-92032-1-9 Ivanov, L. et al. Bulgaria, Bezmer and adjacent regions – Guide for American military at the Wayback Machine,40 pp. ISBN 978-954-90437-8-5 Ivanov, L. and V. Yule. Roman Phonetic Alphabet for English at the Wayback Machine. 80 pp. ISBN 978-954-92032-2-6 Ivanov, L. L, sofia, Balkan Political Club Foundation,2009. ISBN 978-954-91623-7-0 Ivanov, L. L. Antarctica, Livingston Island and Greenwich, Robert, Snow, ISBN 978-954-92032-9-5 Ivanov, L. L. Bulgaria in Antarctica. 16 pp. with a folded map, ISBN 978-954-92032-7-1 Ivanov, L. L. Falklands and Crimea the new cold war
6. John O'Donovan (scholar) – John ODonovan, from Atateemore, in the parish of Kilcolumb, County Kilkenny, and educated at Hunts Academy, Waterford, was an Irish language scholar from Ireland. He was the son of Edmond ODonovan and Eleanor Hoberlin of Rochestown. His early career may have inspired by his uncle Parick ODonovan. He worked for antiquarian James Hardiman researching state papers and traditional sources at the Public Records Office and he also taught Irish to Thomas Larcom for a short period in 1828 and worked for Myles John OReilly, a collector of Irish manuscripts. Following the death of Edward OReilly in August 1830, he was recruited to the Topographical Department of the first Ordnance Survey of Ireland under George Petrie in October 1830. Apart from a period in 1833, he worked steadily for the Survey on place-name researches until 1842. After that date, ODonovans work with the Survey tailed off and he researched maps and manuscripts at many libraries and archives in Ireland and England, with a view to establishing the correct origin of as many of Irelands 63,000 townland names as possible. His letters to Larcom are regarded as an important record of the ancient lore of Ireland for those counties he documented during his years of travel throughout much of Ireland. By 1845, ODonovan was corresponding with the younger scholar William Reeves, ODonovan became professor of Celtic Languages at Queens University, and was called to the Bar in 1847. His work on linguistics was recognised in 1848 by the Royal Irish Academy, on the recommendation of Grimm, he was elected a corresponding member of the Royal Academy of Prussia in 1856. Never in great health, he died shortly after midnight on 10 December 1861 at his residence,36 Upper Buckingham Street and he was buried on 13 December 1861 in Glasnevin Cemetery, where his tombstone inscription has slightly wrong dates of both birth and death. He married a sister-in-law of Eugene OCurry and was father of nine children and his wife received a small state pension after his death. William, married Mary Oberlin, a Puritan, died 1749, Edmond, married to Mary Archdeacon, died 1798. Edmond, married Mary Oberlin, died 1817, married to Mary Ann Broughton, a descendant of Cromwellian settlers. 1842, John 1842, Edmond 1844 later War Correspondent 1882, William 1846, Richard 1846, Henry dead 1850, Henry 1852, Daniel 1856, *ODonovan Road in the Tenters area of Dublin 8 is named in his honour. An interesting feature of John ODonovans works is that he found himself unable to resist asserting the claims of the ODonovan family to ancient glory, in numerous footnotes and appendices. Thankfully for Irish scholarship, this small, personal failing does not affect the quality of ODonovans pioneering research. ODonovan was also undecided and in other notes contended Edmond was a son of Donal II by his first wife Helena de Barry, ODonovan made a highly significant contribution to Irish history and literature
7. Charles Rostaing – Charles Rostaing was born on 9 October 1904 at Istres and died on 24 April 1999 at Saint-Mitre-les-Remparts. He was a French linguist specialising in toponymy, Charles Rostaing was one of the most famous specialists in French place names in general and Provence in particular of the 20th century. He was also the grandfather of the biographer Alain Wodrascka, after his higher studies from 1923 to 1926 in Aix-en-Provence where he was a pupil of Georges Lote and Emile Ripert, he obtained his Agrégation in grammar in 1928. He was a school teacher in Alès, Toulon. Just before the defence of his thesis he entered higher education in October 1946 as a lecturer in the language and he was director of the Centre for Education and Research for Occitan from 1967 to 1974. Majoral of Félibrige in 1952, he became the ninth capoulié from 1956 to 1962, jeanne Laffitte, Marseille,1994 Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymological dictionary of place names in France, Ed
8. Evar Saar – Evar Saar is an Estonian linguist, journalist, toponymist a Võro language activist. He has traveled extensively around the county of Võrumaa and documented the original names of all major geographical features there. In total, he has collected over 50,000 names from the Võro language spoken in Southern Estonia, Võrumaa kohanimede analüüs enamlevinud nimeosade põhjal ja traditsioonilise kogukonna nimesüsteem. Dissertationes philologiae estonicae Universitatis Tartuensis, 1406-1325,22, Tartu Ülikool 2008, in, Mariko Faster ja Evar Saar. Eve Alender, Kairit Henno, Annika Hussar, Peeter Päll ja Evar Saar, nimekorralduse analüüs, Eesti Keele Sihtasutus 2003
9. Walter William Skeat – Walter William Skeat, FBA, was the pre-eminent English philologist of his time, and was instrumental in developing English as a higher education subject in the United Kingdom. Skeat was born in London and educated at Kings College School, Highgate School, in 1860 Skeat was ordained an Anglican deacon, married, and became a curate in December 1860 at East Dereham, where he served during the year 1861 and most of 1862. In 1862–1863 he was a curate at Godalming, in October 1864 he returned to Cambridge as a mathematical lecturer, remaining in this capacity until 1871. In 1878 he was elected Elrington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Cambridge, Skeat was the founder and only president of the English Dialect Society from 1873 to 1896. The societys purpose was to collect materials for the publication of the English Dialect Dictionary and his son was the anthropologist Walter William Skeat. His grandsons include the noted palaeographer T. C, Skeat and the stained glass painter Francis Skeat. In pure philology, Skeats principal achievement is his Etymological English Dictionary, while preparing the dictionary he wrote hundreds of short articles on word origins for the London-based journal Notes and Queries. He also coined the term ghost word and was an expert in this treacherous. Skeat was also a pioneer of place-name studies, major publications in this field include, A Concise Dictionary of Middle English, in conjunction with A. L. Mayhew A Glossary of Tudor and Stuart Words with A. L. He published an edition of The Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer in 1894–97, Skeat edited numerous other works for the Early English Text Society, including the Bruce of John Barbour, Pierce the Ploughmans Crede, and the romances of Havelok the Dane and William of Palerne. For the Scottish Text Society he edited The Kingis Quair, and he published an edition of Chatterton, Skeat also issued an edition of Chaucer in one volume for general readers, and a separate edition of his Treatise on the Astrolabe, with a learned commentary. According to A. J. Wyatt, Skeat was not a great teacher and he left the teaching to those who had learned from him---i. e. Wyatt himself and Israel Gollancz---his teaching was episodic. This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Skeat. Works by Walter William Skeat at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Walter William Skeat at Internet Archive A Moeso-Gothic glossary Cornell University Library Historical Monographs Collection, Walter William Skeat at Find a Grave
10. Frank Stenton – Sir Frank Merry Stenton was a 20th-century historian of Anglo-Saxon England, and president of the Royal Historical Society. He was the author of Anglo-Saxon England, a volume of the Oxford History of England, first published in 1943 and he delivered the Ford Lectures at Oxford University in 1929. Stenton was a professor of history at the University of Reading, in November 2008, it was announced that a new hall of residence to be constructed on that campus would be named Stenton Hall, in his honour. She was an historian in her own right, producing English Society in the Early Middle Ages for the Pelican History of England and he was educated at Keble College, Oxford, and was elected an Honorary Fellow in 1947. He was knighted in the 1948 New Year Honours, and received the accolade from King George VI at Buckingham Palace on 10 February 1948. Stentons papers, together with those of his wife Lady Doris Stenton, their library, works by or about Frank Stenton at Internet Archive Stenton Papers Stenton Library Stenton Coin Collection Stenton
11. George R. Stewart – George Rippey Stewart was an American historian, toponymist, novelist, and a professor of English at the University of California, Berkeley. His 1959 book Picketts Charge, a history of the final attack at Gettysburg, was called essential for an understanding of the Battle of Gettysburg. His 1949 post-apocalyptic novel Earth Abides won the first International Fantasy Award in 1951 and he accepted a position in the English department at Berkeley in 1923. After his father died, he dropped the Jr. from his name, Stewart was a founding member of the American Name Society in 1956-57, and he once served as an expert witness in a murder trial as a specialist in family names. His best-known academic work is Names on the Land, A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States and he wrote three other books on names, A Concise Dictionary of American Place-Names, Names on the Globe, and American Given Names. His scholarly works on the meter of ballads, beginning with his 1922 Ph. D. dissertation at Columbia. As an author, Stewarts output was at once diverse, original and this radically altered circumstance permits Stewart to raise and examine issues rarely, if ever, tackled by other novelists. East of Giants is historical fiction, not So Rich as You Think was a prescient early essay in environmentalism. Storm takes an immense storm as its protagonist, a departure in itself. Other works, such as Names on the Land and American Ways of Life offer other unique insights, achievements of this stature should have earned Stewart a lasting reputation as one of Americas greatest writers and men of letters. However, the significance of his output was largely overlooked during his lifetime and he is today known primarily for his only science fiction novel Earth Abides, a post-apocalyptic novel, for which he won the inaugural International Fantasy Award for fiction in 1951. It was dramatized on radios Escape and served as an inspiration for Stephen Kings The Stand, the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction calls it one of the finest of all Post-Holocaust/Ruined Earth novels. Storm was dramatized as A Storm Called Maria on the November 2,1959 episode of ABCs Walt Disney Presents, the cast included non-actors, among them the dam superintendent George Kritsky, the telephone lineman Walt Bowen, and the highway superintendent Leo Quinn. Another novel, Fire, and a work, Ordeal by Hunger. The Technique of English Verse Bret Harte, Argonaut and Exile English Composition, A Laboratory Course, Ordeal by Hunger, ISBN 978-1-890771-74-4 Names on the Land, an historical account of place-naming in the United States. ISBN 978-1-59017-273-5 Man, An Autobiography Fire Earth Abides, reprinted as Pioneers Go West The Years of the City N. A.1, The North-South Continental Highway Picketts Charge, A Microhistory of the Final Attack at Gettysburg, July 3,1863,1959 Revised in 1963. ISBN 978-0-19-504040-1 Tropical cyclone naming Other sources Scott, Donald, The Life and Truth of George R. Stewart, George R. Stewart, toponymist, Names, Volume 24,1976, pp. 77–85. OTR Network Library, Escape, Earth Abides, parts one and two Two short radio episodes from Storm, Valley Rain and Final Success
12. Alexander Vostokov – Alexander Khristoforovich Vostokov was one of the first Russian philologists. He was born into a Baltic German family in Arensburg, Governorate of Livonia, as a natural son of Baron von Osten-Sacken, he received the name Osteneck, which he later chose to render into Russian as Vostokov. He liked to experiment with language and, in one of his poems, introduced the female name Svetlana, during his lifetime, Vostokov was known as a poet and translator, but it is his innovative studies of versification and comparative Slavonic grammars which proved most influential. In 1815, he joined the staff of the Imperial Public Library, where he discovered the most ancient dated book written in Slavonic vernacular, in 1841, Vostokov was elected to the Russian Academy of Sciences. Vostokov also laid foundations of modern Russian toponymy, for instance, the endings -va, -ga, and -ma in the end of such names as the Kama, the Sylva, and the Onega, may mean water in the languages these names originate from. Whereas this paper did not get sufficient attention during Vostokovs life, it did receive recognition
13. William J. Watson – Watson was a native Gaelic-speaker, born in Milntown of New Tarbat, Easter Ross. He was the son of Hugh Watson, a blacksmith and he received his initial education from his uncle, James Watson. William became well grounded in Gaelic studies and in the Classics, William went to the University of Aberdeen and the University of Oxford. He married Ella Carmichael daughter of Alexander Carmichael and he took the chair of Celtic at the University of Edinburgh in 1914, despite holding no prior university position. He remained in this position until making way for his son James Carmichael Watson in 1938. William died aged 83 on 9 March 1948 He is best known for his The Celtic Place-names of Scotland, watsons work, eight decades later, is still the primary scholarly reference guide on the subject. The book is based on notes taken by Watson, which are unpublished. Watsons great work was republished by Birlinn. Place-Names of Ross and Cromarty Prints of the Past around Inverness Rosg Gàidhlig Bàrdachd Gàidhlig The Picts, their position in Scotland Ross. The History of the Celtic Place-Names of Scotland Scottish Verse in the Book of the Dean of Lismore Savage, Steve, William J Watson, Scottish Place-Name Papers, Watson, W. J. History of the Celtic Place-Names of Scotland, reprinted, with an Introduction, full Watson bibliography and corrigenda by Simon Taylor