1. Islas Ballestas – The Ballestas Islands are a group of small islands near the town of Paracas located within the Paracas District of the Pisco Province in the Ica Region, on the south coast of Peru. Other notable species include Humboldt penguins and two varieties of seals, amongst other mammals and these islands are accessible from the resort town of Paracas by tour boat which typically lasts 2 hours. During the visits it is not uncommon for the sea lions to approach the tourist boats, the sea lions are also responsible for a unique audio spectacle with their wolf-pack cries that echoes around the Ballestas and creates an effect of a 360 degree surrounding choir. On the way to the islands, on the Paracas Peninsula, visitors will notice El Candelabro, the mystery as to the origins of this particular geoglyph is ongoing with much speculation. The visit to the Ballestas Islands is, from a point of view. Hughes, Holly, Murphy, Sylvie, Flippin, Alexis Lipsitz, Duchaine, JulieIslas Ballestas – El Candelabro
2. Chauchilla Cemetery – Chauchilla Cemetery is a cemetery that contains prehispanic mummified human remains and archeological artifacts, located 30 kilometres south of the city of Nazca in Peru. The cemetery was discovered in the 1920s, but had not been used since the 9th century AD, the cemetery includes many important burials over a period of 600 to 700 years. The start of the interments was in about 200 AD and it is important as a source of archaeology to Nazca culture. The cemetery has been plundered by huaqueros who have left human bones. Similar local cemeteries have been damaged to a greater extent, the site has been protected by Peruvian law since 1997 and tourists pay around seven U. S. dollars to take the two-hour tour of this ancient necropolis. The site is by the Poroma riverbed and can be accessed via a road from the Panamerican Highway. In 1997, the majority of the bones and plundered pottery were restored to the tombs. The bodies are so remarkably preserved due mainly to the dry climate in the Peruvian Desert, the bodies were clothed in embroidered cotton and then painted with a resin and kept in purpose-built tombs made from mud bricks. The resin is thought to have kept out insects and slowed bacteria trying to feed on the bodies, the nearby site of Estaquería may provide clues to the remarkable preservation of the numerous bodies in these cemeteries. At that site, archeologists found wooden pillars initially thought to have used for astronomical sightings. However, it is now believed that the posts were used to dry bodies in a mummification process and this may account for the high degree of preservation seen in thousand-year-old bodies which still have hair and the remains of soft tissue, such as skin. Chauchilla Cemetery is a prominent setting in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull, though not called by name in the film, the cemetery is explicitly identified in the screenplay, promotional materials, and merchandise. This fictionalized version of the features a number of embellishments, including mask-wearing Nazcan guards. The cemetery is depicted as being built on a promontory overlooking the Nazca Valley, offering the characters a view of the famous Nazca LinesChauchilla Cemetery – Mummy in the Cemetery of Chauchilla
3. Nazca Lines – The Nazca Lines /ˈnæzkɑː/ are a series of large ancient geoglyphs in the Nazca Desert, in southern Peru. The largest figures are up to 1,200 ft long and they were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. The high, arid plateau stretches more than 80 km between the towns of Nazca and Palpa on the Pampas de Jumana, about 400 km south of Lima. Although some local geoglyphs resemble Paracas motifs, scholars believe the Nazca Lines were created by the Nazca culture between 500 BCE and 500 CE The figures vary in complexity. Hundreds are simple lines and geometric shapes, more than 70 are zoomorphic designs of animals, such as birds, fish, llamas, jaguars, other designs include phytomorphic shapes, such as trees and flowers. The designs are shallow lines made in the ground by removing the reddish pebbles, scholars differ in interpreting the purpose of the designs but, in general, they ascribe religious significance to them. Because of its isolation and the dry, windless, stable climate of the plateau, extremely rare changes in weather may temporarily alter the general designs. As of 2012, the lines are said to have been deteriorating because of an influx of squatters inhabiting the lands, contrary to the popular belief that the lines and figures can be seen only with the aid of flight, they are visible from the surrounding foothills. The first mention of the Nazca Lines in print was by Pedro Cieza de León in his book of 1553, although partially visible from the nearby hills, the first to distinguish them were Peruvian military and civilian pilots. In 1927 the Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Mejía Xesspe spotted them while he was hiking through the foothills and he discussed them at a conference in Lima in 1939. Paul Kosok, a historian from Long Island University, is credited as the first scholar to study the Nazca Lines. In the country in 1940–41 to study ancient irrigation systems, he flew over the lines, another chance helped him see how lines converged at the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere. He began to study how the lines might have been created and he was joined by Maria Reiche, a German mathematician and archaeologist, to help figure out the purpose of the Nazca Lines. They proposed one of the earliest reasons for the existence of the figures, to be markers on the horizon to show where the sun, archaeologists, historians, and mathematicians have all tried to determine the purpose of the lines. Determining how they were made has been easier than figuring why they were made, scholars have theorized the Nazca people could have used simple tools and surveying equipment to construct the lines. Archaeological surveys have found wooden stakes in the ground at the end of some lines, one such stake was carbon-dated and was the basis for establishing the age of the design complex. Prominent skeptic Joe Nickell has reproduced the figures using tools and technology available to the Nazca people, scientific American called his work remarkable in its exactness when compared to the actual lines. With careful planning and simple technologies, a team of people could recreate even the largest figures within daysNazca Lines – UNESCO World Heritage Site
4. Paracas Candelabra – The Paracas Candelabra, also called the Candelabra of the Andes, is a well-known prehistoric geoglyph found on the northern face of the Paracas Peninsula at Pisco Bay in Peru. Pottery found nearby has been carbon dated to 200 BCE. The design is cut two feet into the soil, with stones possibly from a later date placed around it, the figure is 595 feet tall, large enough to be seen 12 miles at sea. Some believe it represents the motif known as a Mesoamerican world tree, visitors to the Candelabra should view the site under the supervision of a responsible and accredited guide. Although the exact age of the Candelabra geoglpyh is unknown, archaeologists have found pottery around the site dating back to around 200 B. C and this pottery likely belonged to the Paracas people, although whether they were involved in the creation of the geoglyph is not known. It has been suggested that the Candelabra was built as a sign to sailors, nazca Lines 500m large Candelabra geoglyph grown from trees since 1950, 100km north of Montevideo, Uruguay http, //www. kmatthews. org. uk/cult_archaeology/out_of_place_artefacts_13. htmlParacas Candelabra – Paracas Candelabra
5. Paracas National Reserve – The Paracas National Reserve is located in Ica, Peru and consists of the Paracas Peninsula, coastal areas and tropical desert extending to the south slightly past Punta Caimán, a total of 335,000 ha. It includes Bahía de la Independencia and miles of coastal waters and its main purpose is to preserve the marine ecosystem and protect the historical cultural heritage related to ancient indigenous peoples, mostly of the Paracas culture. Near the entrance inside the reserve is the Muséo Sitio de Julio C, established in 1975, it is the oldest marine reserve in Peru, and it incorporates a variety of marine habitats and tropical desert. In addition to the areas, the reserve protects prehistoric sites of the Paracas culture. Near the museum is the Paracas Necropolis, comprising the burial sites known as the Cabezas Largas and Cerro Colorado, tello found many fine grave goods buried with mummified remains of the Paracas elite. Also in the reserve is Pampa de Santo Domingo, where archeologists have dated finds of human remains to 6500 BC, found there was a decorated quena, believed to be the first musical instrument of Peru. One of the main attraction along the Paracas coast, La Catedral arch was destroyed during the 2007 earthquake. The Bahia Lagunillas is bordered with red sand beaches, product of the erosion of rocks that dominate some of the hills of the Paracas Peninsula. On the Paracas Peninsula is the mysterious geoglyph called the Paracas Candelabro, which is believed to date to the Paracas culture about 200 BCEParacas National Reserve – Paracas National Reserve
6. Tambo Colorado – Tambo Colorado is a well-preserved Inca adobe complex near the coast of Peru, also known under the Quechua names Puka Tampu, Pukallaqta or Pukawasi. The site is located just inland from the south coast of Perú in the Pisco River Valley about 40 km along the highway to Ayacucho known as the Via de los Libertadores, initial reports from the 2007 Peru earthquake reported no major damage to the site. A High resolution GPS point was shot at the site datum on 2 Aug 2009 using an L2 GPS. The post-processed position is as follows, Northings,8484705.386 m Eastings,410335.884 m Altitude,484.849 m UTM Zone 18 South, the site owes its name to the abundant use of colors on the walls. Color here was applied in horizontal strips of red, black, white, and yellow ochre atop stucco. Trapezoidal niches at Tambo have one or two each, likely used for the placement of important objects. As with all Inca constructions, the dimensions of niche construction are standardized across the entire site. The site consists of structures around a large central plaza. The central plaza is shaped like a trapezoid with its largest side being 150 m long, the main structures are grouped together in a northern part and a southern part. These structures are known as the Northern palace and the two Southern Palaces, flanked by an Ushnu and a known as the Utilities Structure. The combination of Chincha and Inca architectural techniques can be seen in the place and it is believed to have been used by the Incas as an administrative and control site on the main road from the coast to the highlands. A small on-site museum is located near the entrance of the complex, Tambo Colorado Digital Media Archive, data from a UC Berkeley/CyArk research partnershipTambo Colorado – Digital reconstruction of original Inca painting on Room 42 wall, Tambo Colorado. Data is derived from a CyArk / University of California research partnership.