Category:Treasure troves of Asia
This category has the following 5 subcategories, out of 5 total.
This category has the following 5 subcategories, out of 5 total.
Objects from the hoard provide a link between the cultures of the Iranian plateau and the nomadic or Scythian art forms known as the animal style. The Scythian motives adopted by Urartu account for the decoration of the great Treasure of Sakiz brought to light on the shore of Lake Urmia, was Leonard Woolleys assessment. The hoard contains objects in four styles, Scythian, proto-Achaemenid, the objects have been related to finds at Teppe Hasanlu and Marlyk. Examples of the Ziwiye Treasure are scattered among public and private collections, a Ziwiye provenance may have been applied to comparable objects that have passed through the trade since the 1960s. Items attributed to the hoard are currently in the collections of the Metropolitan Museum in New York, the Louvre in Paris, in a work Muscarella denounced several Ziwiye objects as modern forgeries. 2, Ziwiye and Ziwiye, The Forgery of a Provenience, google books Muscarella, Oscar White, the Forgery of Ancient Near Eastern Cultures. The Art of Ancient Iran, Pre-Islamic Cultures On-line excerpt Report of a dig at Ziwiye by the American archaeologist Robert Dyson in 1963
Nahal Mishmar or Wadi Mahras is one of the smaller seasonal streams in the Judean Desert. The valley or wadi of Nahal Mishmar begins in the Hebron hills, Nahal Mishmar runs north of the Tzeelim Stream, between Ein Gedi and Masada. In 1961, Israeli archaeologist Pessah Bar-Adon discovered a hoard of Chalcolithic artifacts in a cave on the side of Nahal Mishmar. The hoard consisted of 442 decorated objects made of copper and bronze and stone, including 240 mace heads, about 100 scepters,5 crowns, powder horns and weapons. Archaeologist David Ussishkin has suggested the hoard was the furniture of the abandoned Chalcolithic Temple of Ein Gedi. Prominent finds from the hoard are currently on display in the wing of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. It is probable that the used for producing the objects was mined in Wadi Feynan. Many of these objects were made using the lost-wax process. Carbon-14 dating of the mat in which the objects were wrapped suggests that it dates to at least 3500 B. C. It was in period that the use of copper became widespread throughout the Levant.
Some of the tools in the hoard were made of arsenical bronze, since they contain a rather high percentage of arsenic, they should technically be described as arsenical bronze, such objects have a bright, silvery appearance. Arsenic in copper makes it harder than copper and more easily cast. Punon - site of ancient copper mines in southern Jordan Timna Valley - site of ancient copper mines in southern Israel The Nahal Mishmar Treasure at Metropolitan Museum
The hoard is often known as the Bactrian gold. The ornaments include necklaces set with stones, medallions. After its discovery, the hoard went missing during the wars in Afghanistan, until it was rediscovered, a new museum in Kabul is being planned where the Bactrian gold will eventually be kept. The heavily fortified town of Yemshi-tepe, just five kilometres to the northeast of modern Sheberghan on the road to Akcha, is half a kilometre from the now-famous necropolis of Tillia-tepe. Several coins dated up to the early 1st century CE, with none dated later, a silver coin was found in one of the tombs from the reigns of the Parthian king Mithridates II, who ruled c. The coin was found in tomb III, and was held in the hand of the defunct woman. An imitation gold coin of Parthian King Gotarzes I was found in the hand of the defunct woman in tomb 6. The fact that this coin is in gold, and not silver or bronze as is usually the case for Parthian coinage, the coin is counterstamped with the frontal depiction of what might have been a local chieftain.
The counterstamp was added so as to not damage the portrait of the Parthian king, a gold coin was found in tomb III showing the bust in profile of the wreath-crowned Roman Emperor Tiberius. On the reverse is an enthroned, sumptuously draped female figure holding a spray, coins of this type were minted in the city of Lugdunum in Gaul, between 16 and 21 CE. A Buddhist gold coin from India was found in tomb IV, on the reverse, it depicts a lion with a nandipada, with the Kharoshthi legend Sih vigatabhay. On the obverse, an almost naked man wearing an Hellenistic chlamys. The legend in Kharoshthi reads Dharmacakrapravata and it has been suggested that this may be an early representation of the Buddha. Finally, a worn coin has been identified as belonging to the Yuezhi chieftain Heraios. It is thought that the site belonged to Sakas, although some suggest the Yuezhi or eastern Parthians as an alternative, several of the artifacts are highly consistent with a Scythian origin, such as the royal crown or the polylobed decorated daggers discovered in the tombs.
Several of the defuncts exhibited ritual deformation of the skull, a practice which is documented among Central Asian nomads of the period. These pieces have much in common with the famous Scythian gold artifacts recovered thousands of kilometers west on the banks of the Bosphorus, a high cultural syncretism pervades the findings, however. The artifacts were intermixed with items coming from much farther and this seems to be a testimony to the richness of cultural influences in the area of Bactria at that time
It is named for the Japanese general Tomoyuki Yamashita, nicknamed The Tiger of Malaya. Though accounts that the treasure hidden in the Philippines have lured treasure hunters from around the world for over fifty years. The Seagraves contend that looting was organized on a massive scale, the Japanese government intended that loot from Southeast Asia would finance Japans war effort. The Seagraves allege that Hirohito appointed his brother, Prince Yasuhito Chichibu, to head an organization called Kin no yuri. It is purported that many of those who knew the locations of the loot were killed during the war, or tried by the Allies for war crimes and executed or incarcerated. Yamashita himself was convicted of war crimes and executed by the U. S. Army on February 23,1946 in Bayambang, the Philippines. The stolen property included many different kinds of valuables looted from banks, other commercial premises, private homes. It takes its name from General Tomoyuki Yamashita, who assumed command of Japanese forces in the Philippines in 1944, according to various accounts, the loot was initially concentrated in Singapore, and transported to the Philippines.
The Japanese hoped to ship the treasure from the Philippines to the Japanese Home Islands after the war ended, as the War in the Pacific progressed, U. S. Navy submarines and Allied warplanes inflicted increasingly heavy sinkings of Japanese merchant shipping. Some of the carrying the war booty back to Japan were sunk in combat. These rumors have inspired many hopeful treasure hunters, but most experts, in 1992, Imelda Marcos claimed that Yamashitas gold accounted for the bulk of the wealth of her husband, Ferdinand Marcos. Many individuals and consortia, both Philippine and foreign, continue to search for treasure sites, a number of accidental deaths and financial losses incurred by treasure hunters have been reported. The National Museum of the Philippines is responsible for the issuance of hunting permits. It doesnt make sense to bring in something that valuable here when you know its going to be lost to the Americans anyway. The more rational thing would have been to send it to Taiwan or China.
”Professor Ocampo noted “What makes me wonder is that for the past 50 years, despite all the hunters, their maps, oral testimony and sophisticated metal detectors. Roxas claimed that in Baguio City in 1961 he met the son of a member of the Japanese army who mapped for him the location of the legendary Yamashita Treasure. Roxas claimed that within the few years he formed a group to search for the treasure. Also found in the chamber, Roxas claimed, were a 3-foot-high golden-colored Buddha and he claimed he opened just one of the boxes, and found it packed with gold bullion
Wonoboyo hoard is an important archaeological find of golden and silver artifacts from the 9th century Medang Kingdom in Central Java, Indonesia. It was discovered in October 1990 in Plosokuning hamlet, Wonoboyo village, Central Java, after digging down 2.5 metres, Witomoharjo hit a hard surface that he thought was a stone. However, after digging further they unearthed three large terracotta jars containing large amounts of coins and gold artifacts, the discovery was reported to village authorities, and reached the attention of the Culture and Education Authority. The total weight of treasure was 16.9 kilograms of valuable artifacts, the Wonoboyo hoard is displayed in Treasure Room in National Museum of Indonesia, and a replica of the treasure is on display at the Prambanan museum. The hoard has exhibited in Australia. The Wonoboyo hoard is one of the most important archaeological findings in Indonesia, next to the high value of the gold and silver artifacts, it a significant to reveal the wealth, economy and culture of 9th century Javanese Medang Kingdom.
The artifacts shows the artworks, displays the aesthetic. On the surface of the gold coins engraved with a script ta, revealed the scripts Saragi Diah Bunga engraved in one of the treasure written in Kawi language, which probably was the name of the owner. The hoard was estimated dated from the reign of King Balitung, the treasure has been identified as belonging to a noble or the member of royal family. Old Javanese gold Singapore, Ideation, c1990, ISBN 981-00-1622-0 Tempo, Warisan Saragi Diah Bunga