Category:Treasure troves of France
Pages in category "Treasure troves of France"
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Beaurains Treasure – The Beaurains Treasure or Arras Treasure is the name of an important Roman hoard found in Beaurains, a suburb of the city of Arras, northern France in 1922. Soon after its discovery, much of the treasure was dispersed, however, the largest portion of the hoard can be found in the local museum in Arras and Room 70 in the British Museum. The treasure was discovered inside a pottery vessel during building work at Beaurains. Two Belgian workmen were digging for clay when they unearthed the treasure a short depth underground, unfortunately much of the treasure disappeared overnight and a great part of it was sold on the antiquities market. Items from the Beaurains Treasure are now found in collections worldwide, the Beaurains Treasure is principally composed of coins, although other luxury items are included in the hoard. There are twenty-three pieces of jewellery, silver objects and 472 coins that were kept in a silver container, including at least 25 gold medallions issued during the reign of Constantine I. The medallions were minted in Trier and Rome and were probably gifts received by the owner of the treasure during his career as officer of the army between 285 and 310 A. D. Their value ranges from four to ten aurei, and from one, the original is kept in Arras, with a copy in the British Museum. Metzger, Le Trésor de Beaurains, Arras,1977
2. Berthouville Treasure – The Berthouville treasure is a hoard of Roman silver uncovered by ploughing in March 1830 at the hamlet of Villeret in the commune of Berthouville in the Eure département of Normandy, northern France. Purchased at the time of discovery for a modest 15,000 francs, the Berthouville hoard was discovered when a ploughshare struck a Roman tile. Once dislodged, the tile uncovered the buried temple treasure a mere 20 cm beneath the modern surface. The treasure belonged to a sanctuary of Mercury Canetonensis, in the mid 1st century BCE, Julius Caesar had identified Mercury as one of the main deities of Gaul. In his Gallo-Roman form Mercury is frequently found with a Gaulish epithet, the treasure consists of silver and other metalwork, of varying type, quality and dates in the 1st to late 2nd centuries of the Common Era. The trésor de Berthouville is one of three known depositories securely associated with local religious cult in Gaul and Britannia. The hoard was hidden in the late 2nd or early 3rd century, the find totaled 93 items, some of which were dissociated handles and silver appliqués, with a total weight of 25 kg. Most of the items are bowls, cups and jugs, there are also two silver statuettes of Mercury and a silver bust of a goddess, probably his mother Maia, perhaps representing Romanized versions of Gallic deities. The pairing of a Roman god with a Gallic goddess would be characteristic of Gallo-Roman religion, four of the bowls have incised emblematic designs associated with Mercury, and the formulaic Latin initialism VSLM, standing for votum solvit libens merito. Nine of the form a group of luxury domestic silver of 1st century date with iconographic connections to Dionysus rather than to Mercury. Domitius Tutus, they include a pair of silver drinking cups with Dionysiac imagery of centaurs. Excavations near the find-spot in 1861-62 and 1986 revealed a Gallo-Roman theatre, the restored treasure will be exhibited at the Getty Villa in 2014. Ch. Picard, Un cénacle littéraire hellénistique sur deux vases d argent du trésor de Berthouville-Bernay MonPiot 44, the Berthouville Silver Treasure and Roman Luxury
3. Ledringhem – Ledringhem is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. It is situated also in the ancient territory of the French County of Flanders, the residents of Ledringhem are called in French Ledringhemois. The village is about 4 kilometres southwest of the town of Wormhout. Bigger cities are Dunkirk further to the north and Hazebrouck further to the south, Ledringhem is crossed by the small river Peene Becque, a tributary of the Franco-Belgian river Yser and there is one shorter tributary, the Lyncke Becque, passing closer to the village center. Other small rivers are Trommels Becque, Putte Becque, Platse Becque, the climate in Ledringhem is oceanic with a mild summer. The river Peene Becque constitutes the border between Ledringhem and Arnèke and Zermezeele. It is also the South-Eastern limit with Wormhout until the limit crosses a field between rue des postes and rue de la Forgé, the North-Eastern limit with Wormhout is rue Louis Patoor. The village Western limit with Arnèke is Voie romaine, the Northern limit with Esquelbecq is chemin de Rubrouck. The village center consists of the square, the church, the cemetery, the towns hall. There are two subdivisions, La campagnarde is a modern part of the village in comparison with the rest of the built patrimony. Another modern neighborough dating 2005 is situated at the place of the village windmill, destroyed during World War II. The newly built road serving this neighborhood is called route du moulin, Ledringhem is situated on the D55 road. The village is a little off the ancient Roman road, now D52, the place-name is first mentioned Leodringas in 723, « Leodringas mansiones infra Mempisco » in the Latin cartulary of St Bertins whose first part is credited to St Folquin. This text relates a sale act written in 723 where the names given are Leodringas mansiones or Leodringae mansiones, in this sale act, the owner, who is described as having a considerable wealth, was named Rigobert, whereas the buyer was Sitdius abbot. Ledringehem ar.1090 Lidringhere in 1207, Ledringhien in 1330 Leodredingas in 1614-1616 by Ferry de Locre in p and this explanation, given in tome II, page 572 of Flandria Illustrata, and though doubtfull, is also provided for the name of nearby village Lederzeele. It comes from Sanderus who wrote, citing Malbrancq, Lederam pluribus ab ortu suo pagis nomem communicantem, in reality, the place-name Ledringhem is typical Germanic, with the common Germanic double end -ing-hem found everywhere in Flanders, corresponding exactly to the English one -ing-ham. This -ing-hem turned into -egem where Flemish-Dutch continued to be spoken, the French language has retained the old version, and often frenchified it as -eng-hien or -ing-hien but the existence of the evoluted Dutch form is attested, Ledregem in the 17th century. The only problem that divides the specialists is the identification of the personal name contained in this place-name
4. Treasure of Gourdon – The Treasure of Gourdon is a hoard of gold, the objects of which date to the end of the fifth or the beginning of the sixth century AD. They were secreted soon after 524 and it was unearthed in 1845 near Gourdon, Saône-et-Loire. The Merovingian king Clovis I converted to Christianity in 496, the chalice, the treasure is preserved in the Cabinet des Médailles, Paris, a department of the Bibliothèque nationale. The chalice is 7.5 cm tall and it rests on a truncated conical base, two handles that take the form of highly stylized birds that are recognizable solely by their beaks and garnets that form the eyes. The body of the chalice has a reverse-dragooned base, the upper part of the chalice is decorated with cloisonné garnets and turquoises cut into the shapes of hearts and palmettes. The shape of the chalice may be compared to cant hares of ceramic or metal, the decoration can be considered barbarian in both iconography and technique, and was made uncommonly light and portable by employing the cloisonné technique. Comparable bird motifs may be traced back to Visigoth, Lombard, the rectangular paten is 19.5 cm by 12.5 cm, and 1.6 cm deep. It presents a border of cloisonné garnets, a cross in garnets. The cross unequivocally identifies the ensemble as Christian, war in eastern Gaul in the 520s came against the Burgundians. It was waged by the four successors of Clovis, the war came to a decisive end with the Battle of Vézeronce, in 524, with a conclusive Burgundian defeat. In the sixth century, Gourdon was the site of a monastery—possibly the source of these objects, the latest date found among the coins that were part of the hoard is estimated to be circa 524. The treasure may have buried in anticipation of a raid. A shepherd girl, Louise Forest, discovered it below a Roman tile engraved with a cross, the treasure was sold at auction in Paris,20 July 1846. The paten and chalice were acquired by the State and the coins were dispersed and are not available to the public. This article is based on a translation from French Wikipedia. The discovery related in the Journal de la Saône-et-Loire
5. Treasure of Pouan – Although the warrior had in the past been identified as that of Theodoric I, modern historians generally believe that this is unlikely. It consisted of a skeleton buried with a number of gold and garnet cloisonné jewels and ornaments, including a ring inscribed HEVA. The nature of the goods identified the burial as that of a Germanic warrior who lived in the 5th century. Aëtius convinced Theodorics son Thorismund to return home swiftly and secure the throne for himself before his brothers could begin a civil war, Thorismund quickly returned to Tolosa, buried the anonymously-recovered corpse with honours and became king without resistance. John Man describes the motivation imagined by Peigné-Delacourt, in the last century, professional historians Thomas Hodgkin and later J. B. Bury have generally expressed their scepticism over this identification, le Trésor de Pouan, au Musée de Troyes, Musée Saint-Loup, Troyes,1993. Artisanat Mérovingienne, Illustrates gold hilt and cloisonné jewels from the Treasure of Pouan
6. The Gold of Tolosa – The Gold of Tolosa existed as a hoard of treasures plundered from Greece in 279 BC by Gallic invaders of the Volcae. It was often noted that, during the siege of Apollos sanctuary at Delphi, the faltering of Brennuss great expedition, however, helped create the Gallic exclaves around Tylis and in Galatia, the latter of which remaining de facto independent for centuries to come. For the curse to be lifted, according to Celtic paganism, the treasure had to be offered back to the Celtic gods, other guilty warriors hid their treasure in the vegetation around the lakes. The lakes at Tolosa were used many years thereafter as a place of pagan worship, some of the treasures, however, did find their way into the temples of Tolosa, but the same religious taboo of their theft still presided. However, in 105 BC, the proconsul of Cisalpine Gaul, Quintus Servilius Caepio, reported the discovery of the gold at Tolosa to the Senate, over 50,00015 lb. bars of gold and 10,00015 lb. bars of silver were found. The gold disappeared en route, with Strabo mentioning that it was on account of laying hands on them that Caepio ended his life in misfortunes. It was reported that the gold was stolen by a band of marauders, with many contemporaries, indeed, Caepio did go on to lose the Battle of Arausio by his hubris, and was prosecuted for corruption by the Senate. He spent the rest of his days in exile at Smyrna, the curse was reported to have continued with his son, Quintus Servilius Caepio the Younger, who fought for Rome in the Social War. He barely escaped an accusation of maiestas after disputing with the tribune Marcus Livius Drusus who was also his brother-in-law, Caepio perished in an ambush executed by the general Quintus Poppaedius Silo. The gold of Tolosa itself was never found, and was said to have passed all the way down to the last heir of the Caepiones. At all events, the Romans, after they mastered the regions, sold the lakes for the public treasury, and many of the buyers found in them hammered mill-stones of silver. Colleen McCullough, The Gold of Tolosa, a work of fiction Strabos Geographica, Book IV Chapter I Ciceros On the Nature of the Gods, Chapter XXX Gallic invasion of the Balkans Battle of Arausio
7. Colmar Treasure – The Colmar Treasure or Colmar hoard is a hoard of precious objects buried by Jews at the time of the Black Death. The Treasure was found in 1863 in the wall of a house in the rue des Juifs, in Colmar. It is believed some of the items were sold by the discoverers before the full extent of the Treasure could be recorded. The treasures that survive are mostly in the collection of the Musée de Cluny and it was fully published only in 1999, when exhibited in Colmar. The Treasure includes silver coins, silver table ware, and gold and silver jewelry including elaborate belt buckles, erfurt Treasure History of Jews in Alsace