Category:Treasure troves of Late Antiquity
Pages in category "Treasure troves of Late Antiquity"
The following 28 pages are in this category, out of 28 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 28 pages are in this category, out of 28 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Beaurains Treasure – The Beaurains Treasure or Arras Treasure is the name of an important Roman hoard found in Beaurains, a suburb of the city of Arras, northern France in 1922. Soon after its discovery, much of the treasure was dispersed, however, the largest portion of the hoard can be found in the local museum in Arras and Room 70 in the British Museum. The treasure was discovered inside a pottery vessel during building work at Beaurains. Two Belgian workmen were digging for clay when they unearthed the treasure a short depth underground, unfortunately much of the treasure disappeared overnight and a great part of it was sold on the antiquities market. Items from the Beaurains Treasure are now found in collections worldwide, the Beaurains Treasure is principally composed of coins, although other luxury items are included in the hoard. There are twenty-three pieces of jewellery, silver objects and 472 coins that were kept in a silver container, including at least 25 gold medallions issued during the reign of Constantine I. The medallions were minted in Trier and Rome and were probably gifts received by the owner of the treasure during his career as officer of the army between 285 and 310 A. D. Their value ranges from four to ten aurei, and from one, the original is kept in Arras, with a copy in the British Museum. Metzger, Le Trésor de Beaurains, Arras,1977
2. Canterbury Treasure – The Canterbury Treasure is an important late Roman silver hoard found in the city of Canterbury, Kent, south-east England in 1962, and now in the Roman Museum, Canterbury, Kent. Copies of the items are also kept in the British Museum. The hoard was discovered during road works in the Longmarket area of the city in 1962, declared treasure trove, it was bought by the city council to be displayed at the Roman Museum which had been established the year before. However five objects appeared on the London antiquities market in 1982 that were part of the treasure but had not been declared at the time of its discovery. They were again declared as treasure trove and purchased a year later, the Canterbury Treasure was probably buried in the early 5th century AD, when the Romans were withdrawing their garrisons from Britain. The owner of the treasure, who may have been a silversmith, buried it for safe-keeping, the treasure is mostly composed of small silver objects and jewellery. Many of the artefacts have Christian iconography on them, the silver objects include two spoons with swan-shaped handles, ten spoons, a toothpick, a rough bar and three ingots which each weigh one Roman pound. The jewellery include a finger ring with an inset green glass stone, a gold necklace clasp. One of the coins in the treasure was minted at Milan in the time of Emperor Honorius which means the hoard must have been buried sometime after 402 AD. Hoxne Hoard Mildenhall Treasure Water Newton Treasure D. Strong, Greek and Roman Silver Plate L. Burn, The British Museum Book of Greek and Roman Art S. Walker, Roman Art
3. Carthage Treasure – The Carthage Treasure is the name of an important Roman silver hoard found in Tunis, then the ancient city of Carthage, in Tunisia. The treasure is made up of silver tableware and jewellery. The hoard was unearthed in the century at the Hill of St Louis in Carthage. Most of the treasure was purchased by Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks, a curator at the British Museum. However, a part of the treasure can be found in the Louvre. This may have been because of the religious feud around the year 400, the Vandals, led by Gaiseric, invaded Africa from Spain in 429 and in 439 the city became capital of the Vandal Kingdom. The jewelled necklace consists of twelve polygonal emeralds, thirteen sapphires, the family would have owned two collections of silver, One known as argentum potorium that was the drinking set and another for eating called the argentum escarium. Amongst this find were several silver hemispherical lidded bowls that measure 12 cm high and 12 cm in diameter, the vessels elegant design includes a tall base that complements the knop of the bowls lid. The bowls also incorporate subtle facets on the curved surfaces. Similar bowls have been found at the Roman site of Viminacium near the town of Kostolac in Serbia
4. Caubiac Treasure – Five years later the complete treasure was sold to the English collector Richard Payne Knight, who bequeathed it to the British Museum in 1824. For many years the hoard was assumed to have discovered in Caubiac. However, in 1988 scholars challenged the provenance of the find. According to handwritten records kept at the Academy of Toulouse, the treasure was found at the nearby village of Thil. The entire hoard is made of silver, the whole set dates from between the late 2nd century and the early 3rd century and probably served to celebrate the cult of Bacchus. At the base of one of the dishes is inscribed the name Benignus Victori Victoris, at the foot of the fluted bowl is engraved the name Eugrafi which may refer to a Greek craftsman called Eugraphios, who made the set
5. Chaourse Treasure – The Chaourse Treasure is a hoard of Roman silver found in Chaourse, a village near Montcornet, Aisne in northern France in 1883. Dating between the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD, the treasure is one of the most complete table services to survive from antiquity. This important hoard is now part of the British Museums collection The hoard was uncovered by chance in a field near the village of Chaourse and had been deposited wrapped in cloth, coins were also found with the treasure, the latest dating from the Gallic emperor Postumus. It appears that tableware was buried shortly afterwards, during the reign of Gallienus, while a few of the objects date to the 2nd century, most originate from the 3rd Century AD. The names of two people - Genialis and Cavarianus - are inscribed on some of the silver vessels and they were probably the original owners of the service, who for some reason decided to bury the hoard for safe-keeping. Six years after its discovery, the treasure was purchased by the British Museum. The Chaourse Treasure is made up of 39 objects in total, all of which are apart from five small vessels
6. Esquiline Treasure – The Esquiline Treasure is an ancient Roman silver treasure that was found in 1793 on the Esquiline Hill in Rome. The hoard is considered an important example of antique silver work from the 4th century AD. Since 1866,57 objects, representing the majority of the treasure, have been in the British Museum. Two of the most important objects in the treasure are the ornate silver-gilt engraved boxes known as the Projecta Casket, the treasure was part of the belongings of a wealthy Roman household of high social status, which can probably be identified. It has been observed that the majority of the major surviving late Roman silver hoards are in the British Museum and these items were found in the ruins of a Roman building, which was at that time in the premises of the monastery of San Francesco di Paola in Rome. The first official record of the finds was made one year after their discovery by the famous Italian classical archaeologist, the treasure passed through many hands before eventually being acquired by the French collector and one-time ambassador to Rome the Duc de Blacas. In 1866 his collection was sold in its entirety to the British Museum, however, two other items in the treasure can be found in the Musee du Petit Palais in Paris, and the Museo Nazionale in Naples. The so-called Projecta Casket is one of the most famous and magnificent examples of silver craftsmanship from late antiquity in Rome. It is partially gilded to highlight areas, and was made by the repoussé technique - that is the ornamented relief was achieved by means of pressing or pushing back the metal surface. The box is 55.9 cm long,28.6 cm high and 43.2 cm wide and has a weight of 8.2 kg, the base of the box has swinging handles at each end. The five panels on the lid of the box represent three mythological scenes, a portrait and a bathing scene. On the top panel of the lid are half-length figures of a man and woman within a wreath held by standing erotes, the attire of the two figures are clearly that of an affluent couple from late antiquity. The woman is wearing a tunic with a large necklace. In her hands she holds a roll of paper, the man is in a long-sleeved tunic that he wears under a chlamys. The four panels of the box itself depict bathing and dressing scenes and these are placed between columns joined by alternating arches and bottomless pediments, all under a frieze with scrolling vines. In one scene, Projecta is shown sitting on a chair holding a decorated box similar in shape to the Muse Casket. She wears a long-sleeved tunic under a colobium or short-sleeved tunic, a smaller inscription on the front rim of the lid gives the weight as XXII-III, meaning XXII, III, S or Twenty-two pounds, three and one-half ounces in Roman units. Another ornate object in the treasure is the Muse Casket, which is a silver box
7. Hoxne Hoard – The objects are now in the British Museum in London, where the most important pieces and a selection of the rest are on permanent display. In 1993, the Treasure Valuation Committee valued the hoard at £1.75 million. The hoard was buried as an oak box or small chest filled with items in metal, sorted mostly by type with some in smaller wooden boxes. Remnants of the chest, and of such as hinges. The coins of the date it after AD407, which coincides with the end of Britain as a Roman province. The owners and reasons for burial of the hoard are unknown, but it was carefully packed and the contents appear consistent with what a single very wealthy family might have owned. Given the lack of large silver serving vessels and of some of the most common types of jewellery, the Hoxne Hoard contains several rare and important objects, including a gold body-chain and silver-gilt pepper-pots, including the Empress pepper pot. The Hoxne Hoard is also of archaeological significance because it was excavated by professional archaeologists with the items largely undisturbed. The find helped to improve the relationship between metal detectorists and archaeologists, and influenced a change in English law regarding finds of treasure. The hoard was discovered in a field of a farm, about 2.4 kilometres southwest of the village of Hoxne in Suffolk, on 16 November 1992. Peter Whatling, the tenant farmer, had lost a hammer and asked his friend Eric Lawes, while searching the field with his metal detector, Lawes discovered silver spoons, gold jewellery and numerous gold and silver coins. After retrieving a few items, he and Whatling notified the landowners, the following day, a team of archaeologists from the Suffolk Archaeological Unit carried out an emergency excavation of the site. The entire hoard was excavated in a day, with the removal of several large blocks of unbroken material for laboratory excavation. The area within a radius of 30 metres from the spot was searched using metal detectors. Peter Whatlings missing hammer was also recovered and donated to the British Museum, the hoard was concentrated in a single location, within the completely decayed remains of a wooden chest. Some items had been disturbed by burrowing animals and ploughing, the excavated hoard was taken to the British Museum. The discovery was leaked to the press, and on 19 November, although the full contents of the hoard and its value were still unknown, the newspaper article claimed that the hoard was worth £10 million. In response to the publicity, the British Museum held a press conference at the museum on 20 November to announce the discovery
8. Ledringhem – Ledringhem is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. It is situated also in the ancient territory of the French County of Flanders, the residents of Ledringhem are called in French Ledringhemois. The village is about 4 kilometres southwest of the town of Wormhout. Bigger cities are Dunkirk further to the north and Hazebrouck further to the south, Ledringhem is crossed by the small river Peene Becque, a tributary of the Franco-Belgian river Yser and there is one shorter tributary, the Lyncke Becque, passing closer to the village center. Other small rivers are Trommels Becque, Putte Becque, Platse Becque, the climate in Ledringhem is oceanic with a mild summer. The river Peene Becque constitutes the border between Ledringhem and Arnèke and Zermezeele. It is also the South-Eastern limit with Wormhout until the limit crosses a field between rue des postes and rue de la Forgé, the North-Eastern limit with Wormhout is rue Louis Patoor. The village Western limit with Arnèke is Voie romaine, the Northern limit with Esquelbecq is chemin de Rubrouck. The village center consists of the square, the church, the cemetery, the towns hall. There are two subdivisions, La campagnarde is a modern part of the village in comparison with the rest of the built patrimony. Another modern neighborough dating 2005 is situated at the place of the village windmill, destroyed during World War II. The newly built road serving this neighborhood is called route du moulin, Ledringhem is situated on the D55 road. The village is a little off the ancient Roman road, now D52, the place-name is first mentioned Leodringas in 723, « Leodringas mansiones infra Mempisco » in the Latin cartulary of St Bertins whose first part is credited to St Folquin. This text relates a sale act written in 723 where the names given are Leodringas mansiones or Leodringae mansiones, in this sale act, the owner, who is described as having a considerable wealth, was named Rigobert, whereas the buyer was Sitdius abbot. Ledringehem ar.1090 Lidringhere in 1207, Ledringhien in 1330 Leodredingas in 1614-1616 by Ferry de Locre in p and this explanation, given in tome II, page 572 of Flandria Illustrata, and though doubtfull, is also provided for the name of nearby village Lederzeele. It comes from Sanderus who wrote, citing Malbrancq, Lederam pluribus ab ortu suo pagis nomem communicantem, in reality, the place-name Ledringhem is typical Germanic, with the common Germanic double end -ing-hem found everywhere in Flanders, corresponding exactly to the English one -ing-ham. This -ing-hem turned into -egem where Flemish-Dutch continued to be spoken, the French language has retained the old version, and often frenchified it as -eng-hien or -ing-hien but the existence of the evoluted Dutch form is attested, Ledregem in the 17th century. The only problem that divides the specialists is the identification of the personal name contained in this place-name
9. Missorium of Theodosius I – The Missorium of Theodosius I is a large ceremonial silver dish preserved in the Real Academia de la Historia, in Madrid, Spain. It was probably made in Constantinople for the anniversary in 388 of the reign of the Emperor Theodosius I. It is one of the best surviving examples of Late Antique Imperial imagery and it is the largest and most elaborate, and the most famous, of the 19 surviving vessels believed to represent largitio or a ceremonial gift given by the emperor to a civil or military official. The official receives the document with hands covered by his chlamys and this iconography is related to that known as the Traditio legis, which was transferred from Late Antique Imperial art to Christian art, eventually developing into the iconic Christ in Majesty. Theodosius is shown far larger than the figures, as is common in the hieratic Late Antique style. The three emperors have haloes which is usual at this period, although all were Christians, there are no specific Christian elements in the iconography, and the lower zone contains specifically pagan imagery, as some Late Antique Christian art continued to do. Their clothing is early Byzantine dress consistent with other Imperial portraits of the period, the two co-emperors have decorated tablions at their knees, or possibly Epigonations. These would have highly decorated with embroidery and probably jewels. The official receiving the document wears clothes decorated with stripes and patches which would have been a kind of uniform for his office, the three Imperial figures have tightly curled hairstyles, and wear diadems of pearls. Their cloaks are fastened with large circular jewelled fibulae, comparable to that worn by Justinian in the mosaic at Ravenna. The architectural surround has often compared to a peristyle at Diocletians Palace in Split, Croatia. This opens from the residence to a courtyard that has been regarded as a setting for ceremonial audiences such as the one shown on the dish. Their offerings are held in hand-cloths, just as the official uses his clothes to receive his gift, the putti fly above a reclining figure of Tellus or Terra, the Roman goddess of Mother Earth. Tellus is shown in a pose that continues Hellenistic style, rather than the frontal iconic Late Antique style of the figures in the upper zone. It is in good condition apart from the affected by this. The height of the relief varies, and is highest in the face of Theodosius and other highlights of the composition. The recipient may well be the official represented on the dish, the term now tends to be avoided by scholars, as rather imprecise, but has become traditional in the case of the dish in Madrid. This is made of silver and has traces of gilding on the inscriptions