Category:Tributaries of the Kansas River
Pages in category "Tributaries of the Kansas River"
The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Tributary – A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a sea or ocean, tributaries and the main stem river drain the surrounding drainage basin of its surface water and groundwater, leading the water out into an ocean. A confluence, where two or more bodies of water together, usually refers to the joining of tributaries. The opposite to a tributary is a distributary, a river or stream that branches off from, distributaries are most often found in river deltas. Right tributary and left tributary are terms stating the orientation of the relative to the flow of the main stem river. These terms are defined from the perspective of looking downstream, where tributaries have the same name as the river into which they feed, they are called forks. These are typically designated by compass direction, for example, the American River receives flow from its North, Middle, and South forks. The Chicago Rivers North Branch has the East, West, and Middle Fork, the South Branch has its South Fork, forks are sometimes designated as right or left. Here, the handedness is from the point of view of an observer facing upstream, for instance, Steer Creek has a left tributary which is called Right Fork Steer Creek. Tributaries are sometimes listed starting with those nearest to the source of the river, the Strahler Stream Order examines the arrangement of tributaries in a hierarchy of first, second, third, and higher orders, with the first-order tributary being typically the least in size. For example, a second-order tributary would be the result of two or more first-order tributaries combining to form the second-order tributary, another method is to list tributaries from mouth to source, in the form of a tree structure, stored as a tree data structure
2. Kansas River – The Kansas River is a river in northeastern Kansas in the United States. It is the southwestern-most part of the Missouri River drainage, which is in turn the northwestern-most portion of the extensive Mississippi River drainage and its name come from the Kanza people who once inhabited the area. The state of Kansas was named for the river, dropping 322 feet on its journey seaward, the water in the Kansas River falls less than 2 feet per mile. The Kansas River valley is only 115 miles long, the length of the river is due to meandering across the floodplain. The rivers course roughly follows the maximum extent of a Pre-Illinoian glaciation, and the river likely began as a path of glacial meltwater drainage. The Kansas drains 34,423 square miles of land in Kansas, along with 16,916 square miles in Nebraska and 8,775 square miles in Colorado, making a total of just over 60,000 square miles. When including the Republican River and its tributaries, the Kansas River system has a length of 743 miles. Its highest headwaters are at about 6,000 feet and extend nearly to Limon, much of the drainage of the river lies within the Great Plains, but the river itself exists entirely within the Mid Continent Region. The majority of the rest of the state is drained by the Arkansas, a portion of central-eastern Kansas is drained by the Marais des Cygnes River, which flows into Missouri to meet the Missouri River. A small area in the extreme northeast part of the state directly into the Missouri. In the Kansas City metro area, some streams drain east into the Blue River tributary of the Missouri, the Kansas River flows through what is known as the Stable Interior region. Since this region is near the center of the North American Plate, it has not experienced any extensive geologic faulting, folding, the river flows through limestone and shale strata that, except for diagenesis, remain largely undisturbed since deposition beneath the Western Interior Seaway. The age of the rock exposed by the river becomes progressively older as the river downstream for two main reasons. All of the rocks in the area are sedimentary, ranging from Late Pennsylvanian to recent, the first is sand and gravel brought down from the Rocky Mountains which have settled in the western extents of the Kansas River basin. The third is loess, a fine silt that may have originally been deposited by the water of the receding glaciers. The thickest loess deposits can be found in the northwest and north-central part of the Kansas River basin from southern Nebraska into northwest Kansas, as well as near the rivers mouth. The first map showing the Kansas River is French cartographer Guillaume de LIsles Carte de la Louisiane, on it the Petite Riv des Cansez flows into the Missouri River at about the 40th parallel. This map, with no changes except for the translation of French into English, was subsequently published by John Senex
3. Republican River – The Republican River is a river in the central Great Plains of North America, rising in the High Plains of eastern Colorado and flowing east 453 miles through the U. S. states of Nebraska and Kansas. The Republican River is formed by the confluence of the North Fork Republican River and it joins with the South Fork Republican River immediately southeast of Benkelman, Nebraska. All three tributaries originate in the High Plains of northeastern Colorado, the Republican River joins the Smoky Hill River at Junction City, Kansas to form the Kansas River. Some cities along the river are McCook, Nebraska, Clay Center, Kansas, Concordia, Kansas and Junction City, near Concordia is the Republican River Pegram Truss, a bridge that goes over the Republican River that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The river was named after a branch of Pawnee Indians known as the Republicans, as early as 1785, the Spanish and French had identified one of the villages of the Pawnee people as aldea de la Republica. A French traders custom was to name rivers for the villages located on their banks. In this way, the fork of the Kansas River was named Forche des Republiques or Republican Fork. The Kitkehahkis Pawnee villages farmed corn, beans, and pumpkin in the fertile Republican valley floor but seasonally left to hunt buffalo in the plains to the west, the Kitkehahkis, or Republican Pawnee, occasionally abandoned and relocated various villages along the Republican River. In 1806, first the Spanish and then the Americans journeyed to the large Kitkehahkis village on Republican River, then near present Guide Rock, both parties were seeking the tribes assistance in enforcing competing claims to the Louisiana Territory. Leading the much smaller American expedition, Lieutenant Zebulon Pike convinced the Kitkehahkis to accept the American Flag in place of the Spanish, in 1853, Fort Riley was established at the junction of the Republican with the Smoky Hill and Kansas Rivers. American settlement of the lower Republican River in began in the 1860s, prior to 1864, the Kansas River was publicly navigable under Kansas law. A side-wheel steamboat of 125 tons burden, Financier No,2, reached the Republican River in 1855 and ascended it some 40 miles. Railroads were thus permitted to bridge or dam the Republican as if it were never declared navigable, the Kansas Pacific Railway reached the fork of the Republican in 1866, crossing into the Junction City town site. The Junction City and Fort Kearney Railroad was constructed up the valley of the Republican to Clay Center in 1873, the 1864 law was repealed in 1913, however, under Kansas Law, public access, whether for transport or recreation, is permitted only on publicly owned rivers. The State of Kansas owns only the Kansas and Arkansas Rivers as well as the portion of the Missouri River adjoining the northeastern corner of the state, as such, the limit of public river access is at the mouth of the Republican River. Milford Lake, the largest man-made lake in Kansas, was completed on the Republican in 1967, on July 9,1902, the river flooded near Concordia, Kansas, breaking a dam and re-routing the river by a quarter-mile. The storm of May 31 and June 1,1935, dumped an average rainfall of 9 inches on the rivers watershed and this storm was also unique in that it moved in the same direction as the drainage basin. As a result, the Frenchman, Red Willow, Medicine, Deer, Muddy, according to witness accounts, the roar of the water could be heard coming down the Republican Valley 5 miles away
4. Big Blue River (Kansas) – For the stream that flows from Johnson County, Kansas, through Kansas City that is often referred to as the Big Blue see Blue River The Big Blue River is the largest tributary of the Kansas River. The river flows for approximately 359 miles from central Nebraska into Kansas and it was given its name by the Kansa tribe of Native Americans, who lived at its mouth from 1780 to 1830, and who called it the Great Blue Earth River. The river passes through agricultural land. Some of the towns along its course, in addition to Manhattan, Kansas, include Beatrice, Nebraska, Crete, Nebraska. Shortly before intersecting with the Kansas River, the Big Blue discharges its waters into a reservoir called Tuttle Creek Lake, which lies slightly northeast of Manhattan. The reservoir is a man-made flood-control measure, held back by a dam composed of the limestone, silt, the land surrounding the reservoir is a state park area, although the Great Flood of 1993 decimated much of the northern area. The river continues as the outflow from Tuttle Creek Lake for approximately five miles before intersecting with the Kansas River east of Manhattan, to date, there has been no shortage of water in the river. List of Kansas rivers Lakes, reservoirs, and dams in Kansas List of Nebraska rivers U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System, Big Blue River
5. Smoky Hill River – The Smoky Hill River is a 575-mile river in the central Great Plains of North America, running through the U. S. states of Colorado and Kansas. The Smoky Hill gets its name from the Smoky Hills region of north-central Kansas through which it flows, American Indians living along the Smoky Hill considered it and the Kansas River to be the same river, and their names for it included Chetolah and Okesee-sebo. Early maps of European explorers called the river the River of the Padoucas as its source is located in what was then Padouca territory, the Smoky Hill River originates in the High Plains of eastern Colorado and flows east. Both the main course of the river and the North Fork Smoky Hill River rise in northern Cheyenne County, the two streams converge roughly 5 miles west of Russell Springs in Logan County, Kansas. From there, the river continues eastward through the Smoky Hills region. The Saline River joins the river in eastern Saline County, the Solomon River, joins the Smoky Hill in western Dickinson County. The Smoky Hill joins the Republican River at Junction City, Kansas to form the Kansas River, the Smoky Hill River directly drains an area of 8,810 square miles. The combined Smoky Hill-Saline Basin drains 12,229 square miles, the entire Smoky Hill drainage basin covers approximately 20,000 square miles, including most of north-central and northwestern Kansas. Via the Kansas and Missouri Rivers, the Smoky Hill is part of the Mississippi River watershed, the Smoky Hill feeds two reservoirs, Cedar Bluff Reservoir in Trego County and Kanopolis Lake in Ellsworth County. The largest city along the Smoky Hill River is Salina, besides Junction City, other Kansas towns along the river include Ellsworth, Marquette, Lindsborg, and Abilene. The earliest known reference to the river was on a 1732 map by French cartographer Jean Baptiste Bourguignon dAnville who labeled it the River of the Padoucas, a 1758 map referred to it as the Padoucas River. An early reference to the river as the Smoky Hill was by American explorer Zebulon Pike during his 1806 expedition to visit the Pawnee, the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 established Kansas Territory, which included the entire length of the Smoky Hill River. With the onset of the Pikes Peak Gold Rush in 1858, beginning in 1865, the trail served as the route for the short-lived Butterfield Overland Despatch. To protect travelers, the U. S. Army established several forts along the trail, including Fort Downer, Fort Harker, Fort Hays, Fort Monument, before American colonization, the land along the Smoky Hill River was favored hunting ground for the Plains Indians. In 1867, the Comanche and the Kiowa, and in 1868, the Sioux, the Kansas Pacific Railway was completed in 1870, rendering the Smoky Hill Trail obsolete. In 1948, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers finished construction of a dam on the Smoky Hill for flood control in southeastern Ellsworth County creating Kanopolis Lake, List of rivers of Colorado List of rivers of Kansas Smoky Hills
6. Wakarusa River – The Wakarusa River is a tributary of the Kansas River, approximately 80.5 miles long, in eastern Kansas in the United States. It drains an area of rolling limestone hills south of Topeka. It rises in several branches located southwest of Topeka, the main branch rises on the Wabaunsee-Shawnee county line, approximately 10 miles southwest of Topeka and flows east. The South Branch rises in eastern Wabaunsee County, approximately 15 miles southwest of Topeka and flows east-northeast, the main branch flows generally east, flowing south of Lawrence. It joins the Kansas River in Douglas County at Eudora, approximately 8 miles east of Lawrence and it is impounded by Clinton Dam approximately 3 miles southwest of Lawrence to form Clinton Lake. The river is known for its gentle current that winds through river-level outcropping rocks and this reach of the river was inhabited by different Native American tribes, including the Kansa and Osage Nation in the 18th century. During 1819-1820, Major Stephen H. Long referred to this tributary as Warreruza, according to an Indian legend, when a young woman was crossing the river on horseback, she exclaimed Wakarusa. Meaning hip deep, and the name stuck, after the U. S. acquired this region, the Shawnee people were relocated here during the early 19th century. Ridgelines of this historic watershed defined wagon train routes first used by Santa Fe Trail pioneers and this Freedoms Frontier route also was called the California Road during the 1849 gold rush. Also, during the days of the Kansas Territory, the limestone outcroppings of the river presented great challenges to white emigrants attempting to ford the stream in their wagons. Oregon Trail wagons were often dismantled, lowered down the limestone beds, towed across, several Shawnee created ferry operations at river crossings in the 1850s, including Blue Jackets Ferry near Coal Creek at Sebastian. The rivers gentle current and scenic banks made it a recreation spot for citizens of Lawrence. See Indian Territory The river once had extensive wetland habitat, much of which has been reclaimed over the last century for cultivation. Clinton Dam, finished in 1977 to reduce spring flooding. A remaining tract of 600 acres, the Haskell-Baker Wetlands, is located south of Lawrence near Haskell Indian Nations University, though the wetlands below the dam are mostly dry now, along the Wakarusa above Clinton Lake, former cropland has been converted into a new wetland area. The East and West Coblentz complexes are more accessible than the Elk Creek complex, due to the wetlands lying within the low Clinton Lake floodpool, access is very limited during the wet spring months. USGS, Lawrence E. Clinton State Park - Provides recreational access to Clinton Lake, list of Kansas rivers Lakes, reservoirs, and dams in Kansas Bluejacket Crossing Old West Kansas Historic Trails Part I of Jamess Account of S
7. Little Blue River (Kansas/Nebraska) – The Little Blue River is a 245-mile-long river in southern Nebraska and northern Kansas that was used by Pony Express horseback riders. Ridgelines of this historic watershed defined the wagon train routes first used by Oregon Trail Emigrants, the Little Blue rises just south of Minden in Kearney County, Nebraska. It flows east-southeast past Hebron and Fairbury, Nebraska, and Marysville and it joins the Big Blue River at Blue Rapids, Kansas. The waters of Little Blue River, once noted for the blueish tint, were later muddied by silt runoff from plowing. Various other rivers also have the name Little Blue River