Category:Twin people from Austria
Pages in category "Twin people from Austria"
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 10 pages are in this category, out of 10 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Austria – Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.7 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, the territory of Austria covers 83,879 km2. The terrain is mountainous, lying within the Alps, only 32% of the country is below 500 m. The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, other local official languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene. The origins of modern-day Austria date back to the time of the Habsburg dynasty, from the time of the Reformation, many northern German princes, resenting the authority of the Emperor, used Protestantism as a flag of rebellion. Following Napoleons defeat, Prussia emerged as Austrias chief competitor for rule of a greater Germany, Austrias defeat by Prussia at the Battle of Königgrätz, during the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, cleared the way for Prussia to assert control over the rest of Germany. In 1867, the empire was reformed into Austria-Hungary, Austria was thus the first to go to war in the July Crisis, which would ultimately escalate into World War I. The First Austrian Republic was established in 1919, in 1938 Nazi Germany annexed Austria in the Anschluss. This lasted until the end of World War II in 1945, after which Germany was occupied by the Allies, in 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state, ending the occupation. In the same year, the Austrian Parliament created the Declaration of Neutrality which declared that the Second Austrian Republic would become permanently neutral, today, Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy comprising nine federal states. The capital and largest city, with a population exceeding 1.7 million, is Vienna, other major urban areas of Austria include Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck. Austria is one of the richest countries in the world, with a nominal per capita GDP of $43,724, the country has developed a high standard of living and in 2014 was ranked 21st in the world for its Human Development Index. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, joined the European Union in 1995, Austria also signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, and adopted the euro currency in 1999. The German name for Austria, Österreich, meant eastern realm in Old High German, and is cognate with the word Ostarrîchi and this word is probably a translation of Medieval Latin Marchia orientalis into a local dialect. Austria was a prefecture of Bavaria created in 976, the word Austria is a Latinisation of the German name and was first recorded in the 12th century. Accordingly, Norig would essentially mean the same as Ostarrîchi and Österreich, the Celtic name was eventually Latinised to Noricum after the Romans conquered the area that encloses most of modern-day Austria, around 15 BC. Noricum later became a Roman province in the mid-first century AD, heers hypothesis is not accepted by linguists. Settled in ancient times, the Central European land that is now Austria was occupied in pre-Roman times by various Celtic tribes, the Celtic kingdom of Noricum was later claimed by the Roman Empire and made a province
2. Twin – Twins are two offspring produced by the same pregnancy. Twins can be either monozygotic, meaning that they develop from one zygote, in fraternal twins, each twin is fertilized by its own sperm cell. In contrast, a fetus that develops alone in the womb is called a singleton, the human twin birth rate in the United States rose 76% from 1980 through 2009, from 18.9 to 33.3 per 1,000 births. In Central Africa there are 18–30 twin sets per 1,000 live births, in Latin America, South Asia, and Southeast Asia, the lowest rates are found, only 6 to 9 twin sets per 1,000 live births. North America and Europe have intermediate rates of 9 to 16 twin sets per 1,000 live births, Multiple pregnancies are much less likely to carry to full term than single births, with twin pregnancies lasting on average 37 weeks, three weeks less than full term. Women who have a history of fraternal twins have a higher chance of producing fraternal twins themselves. There is no genetic link for identical twinning. Other factors that increase the odds of having fraternal twins include maternal age, fertility drugs and other fertility treatments, nutrition, the vast majority of twins are either dizygotic or monozygotic. Less common variants are discussed further down the article, the rates for singletons vary slightly by country. For example, the sex ratio of birth in the US is 1.05 males/female, while it is 1.07 males/female in Italy. However, males are more susceptible than females to die in utero. Zygosity is the degree of identity in the genome of twins, dizygotic or fraternal twins usually occur when two fertilized eggs are implanted in the uterus wall at the same time. When two eggs are fertilized by two different sperm cells, fraternal twins result. The two eggs, or ova, form two zygotes, hence the terms dizygotic and biovular. Fraternal twins are, essentially, two siblings who happen to be born at the same time, since they arise from two separate eggs fertilized by two separate sperm, just like ordinary siblings. This is the most common type of twin, dizygotic twins, like any other siblings, have an extremely small chance of having the same chromosome profile. Even if they happen to have the same profile, they will always have different genetic material on each chromosome. Like any other siblings, dizygotic twins may look similar, particularly given that they are the same age, however, dizygotic twins may also look very different from each other
3. Albert II, Duke of Austria – Albert II, known as the Wise or the Lame, a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria from 1330, as well as Duke of Carinthia from 1335 until his death. Albert II was born at Habsburg Castle in Swabia, a son of King Albert I of Germany and his wife Elizabeth of Carinthia. He initially prepared for a career and, though still a minor, was elected Bishop of Passau in 1313. However, he had to rival with a candidate and finally renounced the office in 1317. After the death of their elder brother Frederick the Fair in 1330, Albert was able to further increase his possessions by the inheritance of his wife Joanna of Pfirt, which was made up of the Alsatian county of Pfirt and several cities. Reflecting his high reputation among the secular and church leaders of Europe, two years later, King Philip VI of France 1337 asked him for help against the Wittelsbach emperor and King Edward III of England. Nevertheless, Albert remained faithful to the emperor until Louis death in 1347, after the demolition of Rapperswil Castle by the forces of Rudolf Brun in 1350, the Austrian duke marched against the Swiss Confederacy and laid siege to the city of Zürich, though to no avail. In Austria, Duke Albert had the construction of the Gothic Choir begun in St. Stephens Cathedral in Vienna and he established the Albertinian House Rule to predetermine the rules of succession in the Habsburg lands according to the principle of primogeniture. Although the rule was disregarded after his death, it was re-assumed under Emperor Maximilian, adopted as part of the Pragmatic Sanction in 1713, the Albertinian House Rule effectively remained one of the basic laws of Austria until 1918. Styria owes him its constitution, the so-called Mountain Book, the same is true for Carinthia and it has been speculated that Albert suffered from temporal paralysis caused by polyarthritis. If so, however, it did not prevent him from fathering numerous children, Albert died at Vienna in 1358 and was buried in a monastery of his own foundation, Gaming Charterhouse in present-day Lower Austria. According to his House Rule, he was succeeded by his eldest son Rudolf IV whose younger brothers acted as regents, however, after Rudolfs death in 1365, the Habsburg lands were divided among Alberts younger sons Albert III and Leopold III by the 1379 Treaty of Neuberg. On 15 February 1324 Albert married Countess Johanna of Pfirt, daughter of Count Ulrich III of Pfirt, the couple had the following children, Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, who succeeded his father as Duke of Austria, Styria and Carinthia. His marriage with Catherine of Luxembourg remained childless, Catherine, Abbess of St. Klara in Vienna. Margaret, married, in Passau 4 September 1359 Count Meinhard III of Gorizia-Tyrol, gabrielle Caerr-Stamm, Johanna von Pfirt, Gattin des Habsburgers Albrecht II. Herzog von Österreich oder das europäische Schicksal einer Elsässerin, franz Kurz, Österreich unter Herzog Albrecht dem Lahmen, Haslinger, Linz 1819
4. Michaela von Habsburg – Otto was de facto stateless, living in Germany with a Spanish diplomatic passport, and was denied both entry to Austria and an Austrian passport. Ottos official name as a German citizen from 1978 was Otto von Habsburg and she is the twin sister of Monika von Habsburg. She married Eric Alba Teran dAntin on 14 January 1984 in Antón, after her divorce she married Count Hubertus von Kageneck, son of Count Franz Joseph von Kageneck and Princess Elisabeth Maria of Bavaria, on 22 October 1994
5. Monika von Habsburg – Monika von Habsburg, Archduchess of Austria, Duchess of Santangelo Duchess de Santangelo, the daughter of Otto von Habsburg and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen. She is the sister of Michaela von Habsburg. Born and largely raised during her fathers exile from his land, Austria. Monika was in her teens when the family acquired a residence in Austria. To that end, he sought to modernise the legacy of the House of Habsburg while eschewing claims to any throne, use of titles and monarchical restoration. He delegated roles in this advocacy to his five daughters as they grew up, a farmer and business executive, he and Monika raised their children in the old Moorish castle of La Rápita in Vallfogona de Balaguer, in the Catalonian province of Lérida, Spain
6. Sandra Klemenschits – Sandra Klemenschits is an Austrian tennis player. She has won one WTA doubles title and 40 doubles titles on the ITF Circuit as of March 2016, Klemenschits announced that the 2016 Generali Ladies Linz would be her last tournament, her retirement from professional tennis. Klemenschits has had the best season of her career in 2013 and she made a main draw appearance in a Grand Slam doubles event for the first time in over two years. Partnering with Romina Oprandi, Klemenschits made it to the round of Wimbledon. After Wimbledon, Klemenschits had great success on the European clay with her partner of that year. The team made the semifinals in Budapest and the week after won its first WTA title at Klemenschits home tournament, Gastein Ladies, in Bad Gastein and her sister died of the cancer on 9 April 2008. Klemenschits returned to the tour in July 2008, and has since won more ITF doubles titles as well as her first WTA doubles title in July 2013. Sandra Klemenschits at the Womens Tennis Association Sandra Klemenschits at the International Tennis Federation Sandra Klemenschits at the Fed Cup
7. Mirjam Weichselbraun – Mirjam Weichselbraun is an Austrian television host and actress, best known in Austria for presenting Dancing Stars, Life Ball and the Vienna Opera Ball. She is best known outside Austria for presenting the Eurovision Song Contest in 2015, in 2000, she was voted the BRAVO-Girl of the year among 25,000 contestants. In January 2002 she joined the newly started music channel VIVA PLUS in Cologne, after only eight months she switched to MTV Germany in Berlin where she hosted the live show MTV Select until January 2005. In Germany, she has interviewed some of the most famous artists in the business including Jon Bon Jovi. She presented TRL Germany with Joko Winterscheidt until April 2007, since 2003, next to her job on MTV, she has also been hosting the ZDF online-magazine for the game show Wetten, dass. Her hosting of Dancing Stars earned her the Austrian Romy television award in 2006 and 2008, in 2006, Weichselbraun and Wayne Carpendale presented the German version of Dancing on Ice on RTL, which made her very popular in Germany. Other hosting jobs include the Life Ball, Kiddy Contest, The Dome, in November 2010, she hosted the Hit Giganten on Sat.1 together with the German jazz musician Roger Cicero. In addition to her job as a show host, Weichselbraun has also lent her voice to Jan Dress audio drama Letzte Tage, jetzt, in 2007 she played in the ORF-movie Die Rosenkönigin and in one episode of the Die ProSieben Märchenstunde. In 2008 and 2009 she appeared in two films, H3 - Halloween Horror Hostel and Hangtime - Kein leichtes Spiel. In 2009, she took the role of Sugar Kane in Peter Stones musical Manche mögens heiß at the Theater in der Josefstadt, since 2011, she hosted the Vienna Opera Ball together with Alfons Haider and Barbara Rett for the Austrian TV broadcaster ORF. Their parents married late, so each girl could choose her own surname, melanie Binder took her fathers name, while Mirjam Weichselbraun took her mothers. After a 2 year-relationship Weichselbraun split up with the singer Marque and she had also been in a relationship with the Sat.1 host Jahn Hahn, but they split after four years. Since 2013 she has been in a relationship with Ben Mawson and she has a child with him, a daughter. Official website Mirjam Weichselbraun at the Internet Movie Database