Category:Twin people from Germany
Pages in category "Twin people from Germany"
The following 67 pages are in this category, out of 67 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 67 pages are in this category, out of 67 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Germany – Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres, with about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular destination in the world. Germanys capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while its largest conurbation is the Ruhr, other major cities include Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf and Leipzig. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity, a region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward, beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation, in 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic, the establishment of the national socialist dictatorship in 1933 led to World War II and the Holocaust. After a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, in 1990, the country was reunified. In the 21st century, Germany is a power and has the worlds fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP. As a global leader in industrial and technological sectors, it is both the worlds third-largest exporter and importer of goods. Germany is a country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled. It upholds a social security and universal health system, environmental protection. Germany was a member of the European Economic Community in 1957. It is part of the Schengen Area, and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999, Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, and the OECD. The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world, the English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz popular, derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- people, the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a mine in Schöningen where three 380, 000-year-old wooden javelins were unearthedGermany – The Nebra sky disk is dated to c. 1600 BC.
2. Twin – Twins are two offspring produced by the same pregnancy. Twins can be either monozygotic, meaning that they develop from one zygote, in fraternal twins, each twin is fertilized by its own sperm cell. In contrast, a fetus that develops alone in the womb is called a singleton, the human twin birth rate in the United States rose 76% from 1980 through 2009, from 18.9 to 33.3 per 1,000 births. In Central Africa there are 18–30 twin sets per 1,000 live births, in Latin America, South Asia, and Southeast Asia, the lowest rates are found, only 6 to 9 twin sets per 1,000 live births. North America and Europe have intermediate rates of 9 to 16 twin sets per 1,000 live births, Multiple pregnancies are much less likely to carry to full term than single births, with twin pregnancies lasting on average 37 weeks, three weeks less than full term. Women who have a history of fraternal twins have a higher chance of producing fraternal twins themselves. There is no genetic link for identical twinning. Other factors that increase the odds of having fraternal twins include maternal age, fertility drugs and other fertility treatments, nutrition, the vast majority of twins are either dizygotic or monozygotic. Less common variants are discussed further down the article, the rates for singletons vary slightly by country. For example, the sex ratio of birth in the US is 1.05 males/female, while it is 1.07 males/female in Italy. However, males are more susceptible than females to die in utero. Zygosity is the degree of identity in the genome of twins, dizygotic or fraternal twins usually occur when two fertilized eggs are implanted in the uterus wall at the same time. When two eggs are fertilized by two different sperm cells, fraternal twins result. The two eggs, or ova, form two zygotes, hence the terms dizygotic and biovular. Fraternal twins are, essentially, two siblings who happen to be born at the same time, since they arise from two separate eggs fertilized by two separate sperm, just like ordinary siblings. This is the most common type of twin, dizygotic twins, like any other siblings, have an extremely small chance of having the same chromosome profile. Even if they happen to have the same profile, they will always have different genetic material on each chromosome. Like any other siblings, dizygotic twins may look similar, particularly given that they are the same age, however, dizygotic twins may also look very different from each otherTwin – Marian and Vivian Brown, identical twins, photographed by Christopher Michel
3. Amalie Auguste of Bavaria – Amalie Auguste was a Princess of Bavaria and Queen of Saxony. Amalie was the child of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria. She was the twin sister of Elizabeth Louise, later Queen of Prussia as wife of Frederick William IV of Prussia. Three other sisters married King Frederick Augustus II of Saxony, Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and Maximilian Joseph, in 1851 Amalie Auguste became chairman of Womens Association of Dresden, an organisation founded by her sister, the then queen. In 1859 she reorganized it as the Zentralausschuß obererzgebirgischen und der vogtländischen Frauenvereine and established a basis for it. Amalie Auguste married on 22 November 1822 Prince John of Saxony, John and Amelia had nine children, Marie Auguste Friederike Albert. Married Princess Carola, daughter of Crown Prince Gustav of Sweden Maria Elisabeth, married first Ferdinando, Prince of Savoy and Sardinia, and second Niccolò, Marchese Rapallo. Married Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal Maria Sidonia Anna, married Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany. Married her cousin Archduke Carl Ludwig of Austria, married her cousin Karl-Theodor, Duke in BavariaAmalie Auguste of Bavaria – Amalie Auguste, Princess of Bavaria and Queen of Saxony, c. 1823.
4. Gracia Baur – Gracia Arabella Baur, mostly known as Gracia is a German singer. Gracia was born in Munich on November 18,1982 to Roman and Rosemary Baur and was named after Princess Grace of Monaco, gracias identical twin sister was called Patricia after the princess. During her teenage years she took lessons to strengthen her voice. To fulfill her dreams of a career as a singer, she started recording demos. In 2000, she made it through the first round of Popstars. In 2002/2003, she took part in Deutschland sucht den Superstar, the German version of Pop Idol, and eventually reached #5. Pushed by the publicity she released her first album Intoxicated, which peaked at #10 on the German album charts and spawned the hit singles I Dont Think So and I Believe In Miracles. Afterwards, she teamed up with fellow DSDS runners-up Daniel Küblböck, Nektarios Bamiatzis, Gracia was selected to represent Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest with the song Run & Hide, produced and composed by David Brandes. After the German national pre-selection for the Eurovision Song Contest it was revealed that Brandes had bought thousands of his own CDs to ensure chart placement, a requirement of the ESC. In contrast to the Swiss entry Vanilla Ninja, who had also had their entry produced by Brandes, Gracia, however, was not deterred, and went on with her second solo album Passion, released in November 2005. 2004 she recorded Götter der Ewigkeit, part of the German soundtrack of the Walt Disney Feature Animation Brother Bear, in December 2006, Gracia released the Song Cos I believe together with Marvin Broadie under the name Xantoo. Intoxicated #10 GER Passion 2009, Christmas Is Calling Eurovision Song Contest 2005 Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest Official siteGracia Baur
5. Lars Bender – Lars Bender is a German footballer who plays as a midfielder for Bayer Leverkusen and the German national team. He was raised in Brannenburg, city in the district of Rosenheim and he is the twin brother of Sven Bender, who currently plays for Borussia Dortmund. Lars Bender played from 1993 to 1999 in the youth of the TSV Brannenburg, in summer 2002, he moved to the 1860 München youth team. In August 2006, he played his first game for 1860 Munich II in the Regionalliga Süd, in his first professional season, he played 13 matches, nine of them in the starting lineup. In this season, Bender won the Fritz-Walter trophy, ahead of then Mönchengladbachs Marko Marin and his twin brother, in his second season, he was a regular player in the defensive midfield. On the first day of the new season, he scored his first goal, Bender started 2008–09 season again as a regular player. In his three seasons played for 1860 München in the 2. Bundesliga, he played 58 games and scored four goals, on 18 August 2009, Bender signed a three-year contract with Bayer Leverkusen. He played his first match in the Bundesliga coming off the bench on Matchday 6 and was used as a substitute in most of 20 games he played during his first season in Bayer Leverkusen. He scored his first goal in the Bundesliga against Eintracht Frankfurt on 16 September, in the following season, his position in the defensive midfield remained competitive and he was often second choice, but he played 27 matches and scored three goals. In the 2011–12 season, he was a player and played most of the games over the full season. On 21 March 2012, Bender signed a new contract with Leverkusen to 2018, in the 2012–13 Bundesliga season, he played 33 games, scored 3 goals and made 6 assists. On 31 October 2013, he extended his contract with Leverkusen until 2019, in the 2013–14 season, he played 29 games and scored three goals in the Bundesliga, despite being injured for the most of September and October and again in the spring of 2014. In the 2014-2015 season, hes comeback to field and played 26 games in Bundesliga, in UEFA Champions League he helped Leverkusen to finished runner-up in Phase Group behind AS Monaco but later lost by Atletico Madrid on Round of 16. For season 2015/16 coach Roger Schmidt appointed him as the new captain in place of Simon Rolfes. This season is a struggle for him, after had long time injury in October 2015 until March 2016 and he was part of the German under-19 side that won the 2008 UEFA European Under-19 Football Championship. He and his twin Sven were named jointly as players of the tournament, Bender was chosen as part of Germanys 23-man squad for Euro 2012. He scored an 80th-minute winner in the group game against DenmarkLars Bender – Bender with Bayer Leverkusen in 2015
6. Sven Bender – Sven Bender is a German footballer who plays as a defensive midfielder and central defender for Bundesliga club Borussia Dortmund. He was raised in Brannenburg and started his career playing for TSV Brannenburg. Sven is the brother of Lars Bender. Sven Bender played from 1993 to 1999 in the youth of the TSV Brannenburg, in summer 2002, he moved to the 1860 München youth team. He started his career on the U-14 team and played for all of Die Löwens youth teams in three years. In November 2007, Sven extended his contract with 1860 Munich until 2011, in 2009, Munich had to sell both Lars and Sven Bender, due to clubs financial problem. Sven moved to Borussia Dortmund and Lars to Bayer Leverkusen, Sven played 65 games and scored 1 goal for 1860 Munich. In 2009, he joined Borussia Dortmund, where he signed a contract that tied him to the club until 2013 and he made his Bundesliga debut on 19 September 2009 in a game against Hannover. His biggest rival for the spot in the defensive midfield suffered several injuries, Bender scored his first Bundesliga goal on February 12,2011, against Kaiserslautern and extended his contract until 2017. On 6 January 2013, Bender extended his contract with Dortmund, on 27 July 2013, Bender won the 2013 DFL-Supercup with Dortmund 4-2 against old rivals Bayern Munich. In February 2014, he suffered injury after lost game against HSV Hamburg, in 2014-2015 Sven was part of Dortmund bad start in Bundesliga. On 21 February 2016, he signed an extension to keep him at the club until 2021. At under-19 level, he was a part of the team won the 2008 European Under-19 Championship. He and his twin Lars were named jointly as players of the tournament, Bender made his debut for the senior team in a friendly match against Australia on March 2011. He appeared in more friendly games and nominated for the Euro 2012. In February 2014, he suffered an Osteitis pubis injury that ruled him out for the 2014 FIFA World Cup,1. ^ Includes UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. On 20 June 2015, Sven married Simone Dettendorfer, his long time girlfriend since 2008Sven Bender – Sven Bender with Borussia Dortmund in 2014
7. Dietrich Bonhoeffer – Dietrich Bonhoeffer was a German pastor, theologian, spy, anti-Nazi dissident, and key founding member of the Confessing Church. His writings on Christianitys role in the world have become widely influential. He was arrested in April 1943 by the Gestapo and imprisoned at Tegel prison for one, later he was transferred to a Nazi concentration camp. Bonhoeffer was born on 4 February 1906 in Breslau, into a large family, in addition to his other siblings, Dietrich had a twin sister, Sabine Bonhoeffer Leibholz, he and Sabine were the sixth and seventh children out of eight. His oldest brother Karl Friedrich Bonhoeffer became a chemist, and, along with Paul Harteck, walter Bonhoeffer, the second born of the Bonhoeffer family, was killed in action during World War I, when the twins were 12. The third Bonhoeffer child, Klaus, was involved in the 20 July plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, along with Dietrich, he, both of Bonhoeffers older sisters, Ursula Bonhoeffer Schleicher and Christel Bonhoeffer von Dohnanyi, married men who were eventually executed by the Nazis. Christel was imprisoned by the Nazis but survived, Sabine and their youngest sister Susanne Bonhoeffer Dress each married men who survived Nazism. His cousin Karl-Günther von Hase was the German Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1977, Bonhoeffer completed his Staatsexamen, the equivalent of both a bachelors degree and a masters degree, at the Protestant Faculty of Theology of the University. He went on to complete his Doctor of Theology degree from in 1927, still too young to be ordained, at the age of 24 Bonhoeffer went to the United States in 1930 for postgraduate study and a teaching fellowship at New York Citys Union Theological Seminary. Although Bonhoeffer found the American seminary not up to his exacting German standards, he had life-changing experiences, Bonhoeffer began to see things from below—from the perspective of those who suffer oppression. He observed, Here one can speak and hear about sin and grace. Later Bonhoeffer referred to his impressions abroad as the point at which he turned from phraseology to reality and he also learned to drive an automobile, although he failed the driving test three times. He traveled by car through the United States to Mexico, where he had invited to speak on the subject of peace. His early visits to Italy, Libya, Spain, the United States, Mexico, after returning to Germany in 1931, Bonhoeffer became a lecturer in systematic theology at the University of Berlin. Deeply interested in ecumenism, he was appointed by the World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship through the Churches as one of its three European youth secretaries, on 15 November 1931—at the age of 25—he was ordained at the Old-Prussian United St. Matthews Church in Berlin. Bonhoeffers promising academic and ecclesiastical career was altered with Nazi ascension to power on 30 January 1933. He was an opponent of the regime from its first days. He was cut off the air in the middle of a sentence, in November 1932, two months before the Nazi takeover, there had been an election for presbyters and synodals of the German LandeskircheDietrich Bonhoeffer – Bonhoeffer in 1939
8. Caroline of Baden – Caroline of Baden of Baden was an Electress of Bavaria and later the first Queen consort of Bavaria as the spouse of King Maximilian I Joseph. She was the eldest child of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden and she was born 13 July 1776, twin sister of Katharina Amalie Christiane Luise. Caroline was considered as a bride for the Louis Antoine Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Enghien, on 9 March 1797, in Karlsruhe, she became the second spouse of Maximilian, Duke of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, who two years later would inherit the Electorate of Bavaria. As a result of the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the rank of Elector became obsolete, as a result, Caroline became Queen of Bavaria. She was allowed to keep her Protestant religion and had her own Protestant pastor and she was described as a very dignified consort and hostess of the Bavarian court, and raised her daughters to have a strong sense of duty. Caroline of Baden died 13 November 1841, outliving her husband by sixteen years, due to her Protestant religion, her funeral was conducted with so little royal dignity that there were public protests. By order of the Catholic archbishop of Munich, Lothar Anselm von Gebsattel, the Protestant clergy were halted at the church door and not allowed to proceed inside for the service, so Ludwig Friedrich Schmidt gave the funeral sermon there. Afterwards, the funeral procession dissipated, and the coffin was placed in the burial crypt without ceremony. Electorate of Bavaria / Kingdom of Bavaria, Sovereign of the Order of Saint Elizabeth Françoise de Bernardy, Stéphanie de Beauharnais, Caroline of Baden at Find a GraveCaroline of Baden – Caroline of Baden
9. Prince Christoph of Hesse – Christoph Ernst August of Hesse was the fifth son of Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse and Princess Margaret of Prussia. He was a German SS officer killed accidentally during World War II, Prince Christophe was a director in the Third Reichs Ministry of Air Forces, Commander of the Air Reserves, and held the rank of Oberführer in the SS. On 7 October 1943, he was killed in an accident in the Apennine Mountains near Forlì. His body was found two days later, christoph married Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark on 15 December 1930 in Kronberg im Taunus, Germany. Princess Sophie was the youngest daughter of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg,3 Dec 1960 Clarissa Elisabetta Fiore Prinzessin zu Windisch-Grätz b.5 AugPrince Christoph of Hesse – Prince Christoph
10. Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria – Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria was a Princess of Bavaria and later Queen consort of Prussia. Elisabeth was born in Munich, the daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and she was known within her family as Elise. On 29 November 1823, she married the future King Frederick William IV of Prussia and supported his intellectual interests, namely his attempts at artwork, which he held dear to his heart. She refused to become a Protestant as a condition of her marriage and it was only 5 May 1830, seven years after her marriage, that Elisabeth formally converted to Protestantism. Becoming Queen consort of Prussia in 1840, she was never without influence in Prussian politics, to Frederick William IV, she was an exemplary wife and, during his long illness, a dedicated nurse. Elisabeth never forgot Vickys kindness and in her will broke with tradition by leaving Vicky her jewels and these jewels were meant to have been bequeathed to the current Queen, this was an offense for which Augusta never forgave Vicky. After her husbands death on 2 January 1861, Elisabeth lived quietly at her seats at Sanssouci, Charlottenburg and her brother-in-law, Emperor Wilhelm I of Germany, held her in high regard as a true friend. During a visit to her sister, Queen Amalie of Saxony and she was buried next to her husband on 21 December at the Friedenskirche in Potsdam. Moritz Freiherr von Bissing, Elisabeth Königin von Preußen, Berlin 1974, Ludovika Hesekiel, Elisabeth Luise, Königin von Preußen. Dorothea Minkels, Porträts der preußischen Königin Elisabeth in der Sammlung des Stadtmuseums Berlin, in, Jahrbuch 2004/2005 Stadtmuseum Berlin, pg. Alfred v. Reumont, Elisabeth, Königin von Preußen Dorothea Minkels, Königin in der Zeit des AusMÄRZens. Media related to Elisabeth Ludovika von Bayern at Wikimedia CommonsElisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria – Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria
11. Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia – Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia is a German businessman and member of the House of Hohenzollern, the former ruling German imperial house and royal house of Prussia. From 1976 to 1986 he was known as Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich of Russia, as a descendant of Wilhelm II, he is also a great-great-great-grandson of Queen Victoria and a fourth cousin of Charles, Prince of Wales. Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia was born in Grünberg, Silesia, as the son of Prince Karl Franz of Prussia and he had a twin brother, Prince Friedrich Christian, who died three weeks after his birth. Prince Franz Wilhelm is a grandson of Prince Joachim of Prussia, in 2002 Prince Franz Wilhelm with Theodor Tantzen founded the Prinz von Preussen development company, which restores old buildings in Germany. In 2004, with financing from a group of investors, he purchased the Royal Porcelain Manufacture Berlin, following his marriage he converted to the Russian Orthodox faith and was created a Grand Duke of Russia with the name Mikhail Pavlovich by his father-in-law Grand Duke Vladimir of Russia. Prince Franz Wilhelm and Grand Duchess Maria had one son before divorcing in 1986, Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia, Prince of PrussiaPrince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia
12. Gesche Gottfried – Gesche Margarethe Gottfried, born Gesche Margarethe Timm, was a serial killer who murdered 15 people by arsenic poisoning in Bremen and Hanover, Germany, between 1813 and 1827. She was the last person to be executed in the city of Bremen. Gottfried was born into a family, she had a twin brother. Her parents, Johann Timm and Gesche Margarethe Timm, always had a preference for her brother, gottfrieds victims included her parents, her two husbands, her fiancé and her children. Before being suspected and convicted of the murders, she garnered widespread sympathy among the inhabitants of Bremen because so many of her family and friends fell ill and died. Because of her devoted nursing of the victims during their time of suffering and she used a rat poison called mouse butter very common at the time, which consisted of small flakes arsenic mixed in animal fat. During the period of her activity, Gesche Gottfried was considered a model citizen and was well liked in the community. Even after the constant loss of relatives who suffered, it seemed that the friendly, candid and her neighbors, moved by the zeal and resignation with caring not only for her family but also her sick friends began to call her the angel of Bremen. He confided to his physician, Dr. Luce, who, incidentally, had attended several of the earlier victims. It was the night of March 6,1828, the day of her 43rd birthday and she was sentenced to death by decapitation. She was publicly executed on April 21,1831 and it was the last public execution in the history of Bremen. Gottfried s deathmask was made to study the patterns of criminal women. This is within the field of study of the now obsolete phrenologyGesche Gottfried – Gesche Gottfried (1785–1831)
13. Michaela von Habsburg – Otto was de facto stateless, living in Germany with a Spanish diplomatic passport, and was denied both entry to Austria and an Austrian passport. Ottos official name as a German citizen from 1978 was Otto von Habsburg and she is the twin sister of Monika von Habsburg. She married Eric Alba Teran dAntin on 14 January 1984 in Antón, after her divorce she married Count Hubertus von Kageneck, son of Count Franz Joseph von Kageneck and Princess Elisabeth Maria of Bavaria, on 22 October 1994Michaela von Habsburg
14. Monika von Habsburg – Monika von Habsburg, Archduchess of Austria, Duchess of Santangelo Duchess de Santangelo, the daughter of Otto von Habsburg and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen. She is the sister of Michaela von Habsburg. Born and largely raised during her fathers exile from his land, Austria. Monika was in her teens when the family acquired a residence in Austria. To that end, he sought to modernise the legacy of the House of Habsburg while eschewing claims to any throne, use of titles and monarchical restoration. He delegated roles in this advocacy to his five daughters as they grew up, a farmer and business executive, he and Monika raised their children in the old Moorish castle of La Rápita in Vallfogona de Balaguer, in the Catalonian province of Lérida, SpainMonika von Habsburg
15. Adolf von Harnack – Carl Gustav Adolf von Harnack was a German Lutheran theologian and prominent church historian. He produced many publications from 1873 to 1912. Harnack traced the influence of Hellenistic philosophy on early Christian writing and he rejected the historicity of the Gospel of John in favor of the Synoptic Gospels, criticized the Apostles Creed, and promoted the Social Gospel. In the 19th century, higher criticism flourished in Germany, establishing the historical-critical method as a standard for interpreting the Bible. Harnacks work is part of a reaction to Tübingen, and represents a reappraisal of tradition, besides his theological activities, Harnack was a distinguished organizer of sciences. He played an important role in the foundation of the Kaiser Wilhelm Gesellschaft and he was born at Dorpat in Livonia where his father, Theodosius Harnack, held a professorship of pastoral theology. Harnack studied at the local University of Tartu and at the University of Leipzig and these lectures, which dealt with such special subjects as Gnosticism and the Apocalypse, attracted considerable attention, and in 1876 he was appointed professor extraordinarius. He married Amalie Thiersch on 27 December 1879, earlier that year, he was called to the University of Giessen as professor ordinarius of church history. There he collaborated with Gebhardt in Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Litteratur, in 1881 he published a work on monasticism, Das Mönchtum – seine Ideale und seine Geschichte, and became joint editor with Emil Schürer of the Theologische Literaturzeitung. In 1885 he published the first volume of his Lehrbuch der Dogmengeschichte, in this work Harnack traced the rise of dogma, which he understood as the authoritative doctrinal system of the church and its development from the 4th century down to the Protestant Reformation. An abridgment of this appeared in 1889 with the title Grundriss der Dogmengeschichte, in 1886 Harnack was called to the University of Marburg and in 1888, in spite of violent opposition from the conservative church authorities, to Berlin. In 1890 he became a member of the Academy of Sciences, in Berlin, somewhat against his will, he was drawn into a controversy on the Apostles Creed, in which the partisan antagonisms within the Prussian Church had found expression. One of his historical works, Die Mission und Ausbreitung des Christentums in den ersten drei Jahrhunderten, was followed by some important New Testament studies. From 1905 to 1921, Harnack was the General Director of the Royal Library at Berlin, like many liberal professors in Germany, Harnack welcomed World War I in 1914, and signed a public statement endorsing Germanys war-aims. It was this statement, with his teacher Harnacks signature on it, Harnack was one of the moving spirits in the foundation, in 1911, of the Kaiser Wilhelm Gesellschaft, and became its first President. The societys flagship conference centre in Berlin, the Harnack House, after a long period in U. S. Some of his addresses on social matters were published under the heading Essays on the Social Gospel, the author of it acted with sovereign freedom, transposed events and put them in a strange light, drew up the discourses himself, and illustrated great thoughts by imaginary situations. On the other hand, it is an authority of the first rank for answering the question, What vivid views of Jesus person, what kind of light and warmth, did the Gospel disengageAdolf von Harnack – Adolf von Harnack
16. Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy – Henriette Adelaide of Savoy, was the wife of the Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria. She had much influence in her adopted country and with her husband did much to improve the welfare of the Electorate of Bavaria. Born at the Castello del Valentino in Turin, she was the older of twin girls, on 7 October 1637 she lost her father Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy, when she was just one year old. Her mother, Christine of France, was the daughter of Henry IV of France, after the death of her father, her mother served as Regent of Savoy on behalf of two of Henriette Adelaides brothers, Francis Hyacinth, then Charles Emmanuel II after the older brother died. Her uncles Prince Maurice of Savoy and Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano, intrigued against their sister-in-law, when the first heir Francis Hyacinth died in 1638, the brothers Maurice and Thomas started the Piedmontese Civil War with Spanish support. The two parties in the war were known as the principisti and madamisti, with the support of her brother, King Louis XIII of France, Marie Christine was able to defeat the challenge to her rule. On 8 December 1650 Henriette married Ferdinand Maria, heir to the Electorate of Bavaria future, the next year he became Elector upon the death of his father Maximilian. Henriette Adelaide had a influence on Bavarian foreign affairs in favor of France. This led to an alliance between France and Bavaria against Austria, one of the results of the alliance was the marriage of Henriettes eldest daughter Maria Anna and her cousin Louis, Dauphin of France, in 1680. She had a role in the building of Nymphenburg Palace. Many Italian artists were invited to Munich, and she also introduced Italian opera to the court of Bavaria, Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria married Louis, Dauphin of France, and had issue, the present King of Spain descends from her. Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, married Maria Antonia of Austria and had issue, joseph Clemens of Bavaria Elector and Archbishop of Cologne. Violante Beatrix of Bavaria married Ferdinando de Medici, Grand Prince of Tuscany, in addition, the Electress suffered three miscarriages, in June 1661, March 1664 and 1674. 50, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1905, pp. 198–200, cornelia Kemp, Das Herzkabinett der Kurfürstin Henriette Adelaide in der Münchner Residenz. Eine preziöse Liebeskonzeption und ihre Ikonographie Münchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst 33,1982, ISSN 0077-1899, reinhold Baumstark, Abbild und Überhöhung in der höfischen Malerei unter Henriette Adelaide und dem jungen Max Emanuel Hubert Glaser, Kurfürst Max Emanuel. I, Zur Geschichte und Kunstgeschichte der Max-Emanuel-Zeit, hirmer, Munich 1976, ISBN 3-7774-2790-X, pp. 171–205. Else Strobl, Adelheid, Neue Deutsche Biographie,1, Berlin, Duncker & Humblot, pp. 58–59, Media related to Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy at Wikimedia CommonsPrincess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy – Henriette Adelaide of Savoy
17. Bill Kaulitz – Bill Kaulitz, also known mononymously as Billy for his solo act, is a German singer, songwriter, voice actor, designer, and model. He is best known for his work from 2001 to the present as the singer of the band Tokio Hotel. Bill Kaulitz was born on 1 September 1989 in Leipzig, German Democratic Republic and he has an identical twin brother, Tom, who is older by ten minutes. His parents, Simone Kaulitz and Jörg W. separated when Kaulitz, Simone married Gordon Trümper, the guitarist from the German rock band Fatun on 1 August 2009, after dating for 12 years. Kaulitz showed an early interest in singing, as did Tom in playing guitar, Trümper noticed the twins musical inclinations, and helped the twins to start their own band. According to Kaulitz in several interviews, he and Tom started writing music at the age of seven years. At the age of ten the brothers began performing live in Magdeburg, near their hometown of Loitsche They played small shows and while their audiences enjoyed them, the band lacked a drummer and bass player and the twins relied on a keyboard to fill in other instrumental sounds. The year the brothers turned twelve, they met Georg Listing and Gustav Schäfer, Listing and Schäfer were friends and after the show, having liked what they heard and saw, made an offer to join. The band was promptly renamed Devilish due to an article published at the time referred to their devilishly great sound. This continued until 2005 when Jost arranged a meeting between the band and Universal Music Groups Interscope Records and Tokio Hotel was signed and they began working immediately, releasing their debut LP Schrei later that year. Their first single from Schrei was Durch den Monsun, which reached #1 in Germany within a month of its release, Tokio Hotel launched their debut tour in Germany, to support the release of Schrei and its singles. They toured Germany and also recorded a live DVD, on stage, Kaulitz was noted and well known for his energetic style and harmonizing with the fans. In 2006, Kaulitz voiced the role of Arthur in the first part of the German version of the film Arthur, Tokio Hotel were a household name in Germany at this point, and this compelled the band to return to the studio. After the success of Schrei, Tokio Hotel began working on their album, Zimmer 483. The album spawned three singles initially, Übers Ende der Welt, Spring nicht, and An deiner Seite, a fourth single, Heilig, was released in 2008. To support the release of Zimmer 483, Tokio Hotel began a tour of Europe, spawning another live DVD. The result of these songs was Tokio Hotels debut English album. The album was released in Europe in mid-2007, however it did not reach release in the West until mid-2008, Scream spawned four singles, including Scream, Monsoon, Dont Jump, and Ready, Set, GoBill Kaulitz – Bill Kaulitz in May 2010
18. Kessler Twins – Alice and Ellen Kessler are popular twins in Europe, especially Germany and Italy, from the 1950s and 1960s and until today for their singing, dancing, and acting. They are usually credited as the Kessler Twins, and remain popular today, in the USA, they were not as popular but appeared in the 1963 film Sodom and Gomorrah as dancers and appeared on the cover of Life Magazine in that year. Their parents, Paul and Elsa, sent them to ballet classes at the age of six, when they were 18, their parents used a visitors visa to escape to West Germany, where they performed at the Palladium in Düsseldorf. They performed at The Lido in Paris between 1955 and 1960, and represented West Germany in the 1959 Eurovision Song Contest, finishing in 8th place with Heute Abend wollen wir tanzen gehn and they moved to Italy in 1960 and gradually moved to more serious roles. At the age of 40, they agreed to pose on the cover of the Italian edition of Playboy and that issue became the fastest-selling Italian Playboy up until that point. They moved back to Germany in 1986 and currently live in Grünwald and they have received two awards from both the German and Italian governments for promoting German-Italian cooperation through their work in show businessKessler Twins – Kessler Twins (2005)
19. Gianluca Korte – Gianluca Korte is a German footballer. Bundesliga club Eintracht Braunschweig in 2011 from Oberliga Südwest side TuS Mechtersheim, there he made his professional debut on 12 August 2011, in a 3–1 away win over Karlsruher SC. With Braunschweig, Korte was promoted to the Bundesliga in 2013 and he made his debut in the first tier on 30 November 2013 against FC Bayern Munich. In January 2015, Korte joined VfR Aalen on a loan deal. At the end of the 2014–152, Bundesliga season, his contract with Braunschweig was terminated by mutual consent. After having been without a club for six months, Korte signed with Regionalliga Südwest club SV Waldhof Mannheim on 11 January 2016, Korte is the identical twin brother of Raffael Korte, also a professional footballerGianluca Korte – Gianluca Korte
20. Erwin Kremers – Erwin Kremers is a former German footballer who played as a striker. His twin brother, Helmut Kremers, also played as a German international with the two brothers playing with each other regularly, erwin and Helmut Kremers are the first ever twins to play in the Bundesliga. Kremers began his career as a youth player, along with his brother. After two years at the club he moved on to Kickers Offenbach where he had an impressive record with 10 goals in just 25 starts. In the summer on 1971 he and his brother moved to FC Schalke 04 and it was in the following year that he got his call up to the German national team. Kremers went on to play 15 times for his country, playing in the winning 1972 UEFA European Football Championship team and he scored a total of three goalsErwin Kremers – Erwin Kremers (2009)
21. Helmut Kremers – Helmut Kremers is a former German football player. His twin brother, Erwin Kremers, also played as a German international with the two brothers playing with each other regularly, Helmut and Erwin Kremers are the first ever twins to play in the Bundesliga. Moving up to the Bundesliga squad of Borussia Mönchengladbach in 1967, in 1972, he had joined FC Schalke 04 together with his twin brother Erwin in 1971, he was able to lift the trophy for a second time. Unlike his twin brother, who played winger, full back Helmut had spells with other clubs after the end of his deal with Schalke, Bundesliga and for North American Soccer League team Calgary Boomers in 1981. In total, Kremers scored 50 goals in 273 Bundesliga appearances, in the fall of 1981, he joined the Memphis Americans of the Major Indoor Soccer League for one season. Kremers played in eight games for his country, the last time on 12 March 1975, although playing on less occasions for West Germany than his twin brother, Kremers was part of the 1974 FIFA World Cup winning squad. Erwin Kremers missed out on that due to a decision taken beforehandHelmut Kremers – Helmut Kremers
22. Katia Mann – Katia Mann was the youngest child and only daughter of the German Jewish mathematician and artist Alfred Pringsheim and his wife Hedwig Pringsheim, who was an actress in Berlin before her marriage. Katia was also a granddaughter of the writer and womens rights activist Hedwig Dohm and her twin brother Klaus Pringsheim was a conductor, composer, music writer and music pedagogue, active in Germany and Japan. She married the writer Thomas Mann, Katia was born in Feldafing near Munich, into one of the wealthiest families in Germany. She was the granddaughter of German-Jewish industrialist Rudolf Pringsheim and the great-niece of the banker Hugo Pringsheim. At the age 21, in the fall of 1904, she aborted her studies of physics and mathematics on the request of her mother and aunt, to marry the writer Thomas Mann on February 11,1905, in Munich. She continued her studies as a guest student for four semesters. Katia and Thomas Mann had six children, Katia later converted to her husbands Lutheranism. Katia Mann became ill in Autumn 1911, a year after Monikas birth, the illness was first suspected to be tuberculosis, but later X-ray examinations could not find any physical changes. Her mother, Hedwig, put the illness down to exhaustion, Katia had given birth to four children and suffered two miscarriages in less than five years. In addition, she typed for her husband and arranged his appointments on top of the tasks of a large household. Hedwig realised that her daughter needed rest, and in January 1912, Katia was one of the first patients to be admitted to the Wald Sanatorium in Davos, Thomas Manns visits to her there inspired his novel The Magic Mountain. Up to May,1914, Katia spent several months in sanatoriums, as the Mann family lived in exile, Katia Mann took care of her six children and husband. She was not just the spirit of the family. She taught her children, was her husbands manager, and was the family provider and she outlived three of her children and her husband. She died in Kilchberg near Zürich, Thomas Mann made a sort of portrait of her in his novel Royal Highness. Dohm–Mann family tree Michael Mann, Katia Mann, My Unwritten Memoirs, ISBN 978-0-394-49403-6 Inge and Walter Jens, Mrs. Thomas Mann. ISBN 3-498-03338-7 Kirsten Jüngling / Brigitte Roßbeck, Katia Mann, ISBN 3-549-07191-4 Media related to Katia Mann at Wikimedia CommonsKatia Mann – Thomas and Katia Mann
23. Bernd and Reiner Methe – Bernd and Reiner Methe were German twins and handball referees. They refereed for the German Handball-Bundesliga and in competitions until their deaths in a car crash in November 2011. Their highest profile match was the final of the 2010 European Mens Handball Championship, the Methe twins were born in 1964. Bernd was married to Susanne and Reiner to Petra on the same day, bernd had one child and Reiner two. They lived 50 meters apart from other in the town of Vellmar. In 1987 the brothers took up refereeing, officiating as a pair from 1988, the brothers reached Handball-Bundesliga level in 1993. Between 1993 and 2011 they took charge of 670 national league matches, the Methe brothers began refereeing international handball in 1998, refereeing all of their matches together. They refereed the 2010 European Mens Handball Championship Final between Croatia and France, the Methe brothers died in a car crash on Bundesstraße 463 between Empfingen and Haigerloch, Baden-Württemberg. They were travelling to a Handball-Bundesliga match between HBW Balingen-Weilstetten and SC Magdeburg, the Mercedes-Benz E-Class car they had collected the day before collided with a furniture truck. Local prosecutors announced that they were investigating the cause of the crash, the match they were due to officiate was cancelled after they did not arriveBernd and Reiner Methe – Bernd Methe with Reiner Methe
24. Philipp, Landgrave of Hesse – Philipp, Prince and Landgrave of Hesse was head of the Electoral House of Hesse from 1940 to 1980. He joined the Nazi Party in 1930, and, when they gained power with the appointment of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor in 1933, he became Governor of Hesse-Nassau. However, he fell out with the Nazis, was arrested in 1943, dismissed as governor the following year and then was sent to a concentration camp, where he remained until being liberated by U. S. forces. He was a grandson of Frederick III, German Emperor, and his relative Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh was named after him. Philipp was born at Schloss Rumpenheim in Offenbach, the son of Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse. Philipp had a twin brother Wolfgang, as well as two older brothers and two other younger twin brothers. As a child, Philipp had an English governess, in 1910, he was sent to England to attend school in Bexhill-on-Sea. After returning to Germany, he attended a Musterschule in Frankfurt and he was the only one of his brothers who did not attend a military academy. At the beginning of the First World War, Philipp enlisted in the Hessian Dragoon-Regiment Nr.24 along with his older brother Maximilian and they served first in Belgium where Maximilian was killed in October. In 1915 and 1916, Philipp served on the Eastern Front in what is now Ukraine and he held the rank of lieutenant and was mostly responsible for the procurement of munitions. In 1917, he served on the Siegfried Line, before returning to Ukraine where he experienced active combat and was wounded, in 1916, Philipps oldest brother Friedrich Wilhelm died, and Philipp became second in line to succeed his uncle as Head of the Electoral House of Hesse. In October 1918, Philipps father was elected king of Finland and it was intended that Philipp would eventually succeed his father as Head of the House of Hesse, while his twin brother Wolfgang would be heir to the Finnish throne. The plans for a Finnish monarchy, however, soon came to an end with the defeat of Germany. After the war, Philipp enlisted in the Übergangsheer which was successful in defending against communist and socialist action, from 1920 to 1922, he attended the Technical University in Darmstadt where he studied art history and architecture. He made several visits to Greece where his aunt Princess Sophie of Prussia was the wife of King Constantine I, in 1922, he left university without completing a degree and took a job at the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum in Berlin. The following year, he moved to Rome where he used his connections to establish himself as a successful interior designer. According to biographer Jonathan Petropoulos, Philipp was probably bisexual, and he married Princess Mafalda of Savoy, daughter of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, on 23 September 1925 at the Castello di Racconigi near Turin. The couple had four children, Prince Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse he married Princess Tatiana of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg on 1 June 1964 and they have four children and ten grandchildrenPhilipp, Landgrave of Hesse – Princess Mafalda and Philipp of Hesse on their marriage day, 23 September 1925
25. Sizzo, Prince of Schwarzburg – Günther Sizzo, Prince of Schwarzburg was the head of the House of Schwarzburg and pretender to the principalities of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen. He was born in Rudolstadt as the son of the reigning Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Friedrich Günther and she died three days after giving birth to Prince Sizzo and his twin sister, Princess Helene. The mother of Prince Sizzo was the daughter of Prince George Bernhard of Anhalt-Dessau by his morganatic wife, because of this, Prince Sizzo was not entitled to use the title of Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. Instead, he was created Prince of Leutenberg on June 21,1860, although all members of the Rudolstadt branch consented to this, the members of the Sondershausen branch did not, and they also held rights to Rudolstadt. On April 21,1896, Prince Sizzos succession rights were recognised by all members of the House of Schwarzburg, in addition, he was made a full member of the house and able to use the title of Prince of Schwarzburg. Therefore, Prince Sizzo became the heir presumptive to the two principalities, however, his chances of succeeding were ended on November 22,1918, when Prince Günther Victor abdicated following the German revolution, which deposed all of the German monarchs. Following the death of Prince Günther Victor on April 16,1925, Prince Sizzo was married to Princess Alexandra of Anhalt on January 25,1897 in Dessau. Princess Alexandra was the daughter of the reigning Duke of Anhalt, Friedrich I, Prince Sizzo and Princess Alexandra had two daughters and one son. Princess Marie Antoinette of Schwarzburg, married Friedrich Magnus V, Count of Solms-Wildenfels, had issue, Princess Irene of Schwarzburg Prince Friedrich Günther of Schwarzburg, married Princess Sophie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, the marriage ended in divorce with no issue. Photo of Prince Sizzo Marek, Miroslav, genealogy of the House of SchwarzburgSizzo, Prince of Schwarzburg – Sizzo