This category is for UFO hoaxes.
Pages in category "UFO hoaxes"
The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
This category is for UFO hoaxes.
The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Unidentified flying object – An unidentified flying object, or UFO, in its most general definition, is any apparent anomaly in the sky that is not identifiable as a known object or phenomenon. Culturally, UFOs are associated with claims of visitation by extraterrestrial life or government-related conspiracy theories, UFOs are often identified after their sighting. Sometimes, however, UFOs cannot be identified because of the low quality of evidence related to their sightings, during the late 1940s and through the 1950s, UFOs were often referred to popularly as flying saucers or flying discs. The term UFO became more widespread during the 1950s, at first in technical literature, UFOs garnered considerable interest during the Cold War, an era associated with a heightened concern for national security. Various studies have concluded that the phenomenon does not represent a threat to national security nor does it contain anything worthy of scientific pursuit, the Oxford English Dictionary defines a UFO as An unidentified flying object, a flying saucer. The first published book to use the word was authored by Donald E. Keyhoe, the acronym UFO was coined by Captain Edward J. Ruppelt, who headed Project Blue Book, then the USAFs official investigation of UFOs. He wrote, Obviously the term flying saucer is misleading when applied to objects of every conceivable shape, for this reason the military prefers the more general, if less colorful, name, unidentified flying objects. Other phrases that were used officially and that predate the UFO acronym include flying flapjack, flying disc, unexplained flying discs, unidentifiable object, the phrase flying saucer had gained widespread attention after the summer of 1947. On June 24, a pilot named Kenneth Arnold reported seeing nine objects flying in formation near Mount Rainier. Arnold timed the sighting and estimated the speed of discs to be over 1,200 mph, at the time, he claimed he described the objects flying in a saucer-like fashion, leading to newspaper accounts of flying saucers and flying discs. In popular usage, the term UFO came to be used to refer to claims of alien spacecraft, between 5% and 20% of reported sightings are not explained, and therefore can be classified as unidentified in the strictest sense. The term Ufology is used to describe the efforts of those who study reports. UFOs have become a prevalent theme in culture, and the social phenomena have been the subject of academic research in sociology and psychology. Unexplained aerial observations have been reported throughout history, an example is Halleys Comet, which was recorded first by Chinese astronomers in 240 BC and possibly as early as 467 BC. Such sightings throughout history often were treated as supernatural portents, angels, or other religious omens. On January 25,1878, the Denison Daily News printed an article in which John Martin, Martin, according to the newspaper account, said it appeared to be about the size of a saucer, the first known use of the word saucer in association with a UFO. In April 1897, thousands of people reported seeing airships in various parts of the United States, scores of people even reported talking to the pilots. Thomas Edison was asked his opinion, and said, You can take it from me that it is a pure fake, the largest had an apparent size of about six Suns, he said
2. Crop circle – A crop circle or crop formation is a pattern created by flattening a crop, usually a cereal. The term was first coined in the early 1980s by Colin Andrews, Crop circles have been described as all falling within the range of the sort of thing done in hoaxes by Taner Edis, professor of physics at Truman State University. The number of circles has substantially increased from the 1970s to current times. There has been little study of them. Circles in the United Kingdom are not spread randomly across the landscape but appear near roads, areas of medium to dense population and cultural heritage monuments, formations are usually created overnight, although some are reported to have appeared during the day. The concept of crop circles began with the original late-1970s hoaxes by Doug Bower and they said that they were inspired by the Tully saucer nest case in Australia, where a farmer claimed to first have seen a UFO, then found a flattened circle of swamp reeds. A1678 news pamphlet The Mowing-Devil, or, Strange News Out of Hartfordshire is claimed by some cereologists to be the first depiction of a crop circle. Crop circle researcher Jim Schnabel does not consider it to be a precedent because it describes the stalks as being cut rather than bent. In 1686, British naturalist Robert Plot reported on rings or arcs of mushrooms in The Natural History of Stafford-Shire, in 1991 meteorologist Terence Meaden linked this report with modern crop circles, a claim that has been compared with those made by Erich von Däniken. An 1880 letter to the editor of Nature by amateur scientist John Rand Capron describes how a recent storm had created several circles of flattened crops in a field. In 1963 amateur astronomer Sir Patrick Moore described a crater in a field in Wiltshire. In nearby wheat fields, there were circular and elliptical areas where the wheat had been flattened. There was evidence of spiral flattening and he thought they could be caused by air currents from the impact, since they led towards the crater. Astronomer Hugh Ernest Butler observed similar craters and said they were caused by lighting strikes. In the 1960s, in Tully, Queensland, Australia, and in Canada, there were reports of UFO sightings and circular formations in swamp reeds. The most famous case is the 1966 Tully saucer nest, when a farmer said he witnessed a saucer-shaped craft rise 30 or 40 feet up from a swamp and then fly away. Odgers, Director of Public Relations, Department of Defence, wrote to a journalist that the saucer was probably debris lifted by the causing willy-willy, hoaxers Bower and Chorley said they were inspired by this case to start making the modern crop circles that appear today. Since the 1960s, there had been a surge of UFOlogists in Wiltshire, and there were rumours of saucer nests appearing in the area, but they were never photographed
3. Cedric Allingham – Cedric Allingham was a fictional British writer reputed in the 1954 book Flying Saucer from Mars to have encountered the pilot of a Martian spacecraft. It was speculated that Allinghams account was fabricated and that Allingham himself never existed, three decades later the elaborate hoax was revealed to have been perpetrated by British astronomer Patrick Moore and his friend Peter Davies. Allinghams book stated that he had born in 1922 in Bombay. Allingham recounted that on 18 February 1954, while on holiday near Lossiemouth, he encountered a flying saucer and communicated with its pilot by means of hand gestures, the spaceman had indicated that he came from Mars, and that he had also visited Venus and the Moon. As supporting evidence, Allingham took a number of photographs of the saucer and one of its occupant. He also claimed that a fisherman named James Duncan had witnessed the event from a nearby hill, coming soon after the dramatic claims of the contactee George Adamski, Allinghams book attracted a fair amount of popular and media attention. TIME devoted a short piece to it early in 1955, Allingham was said to have delivered a lecture to a UFO group in Tunbridge Wells, at which Lord Dowding stated he was present, We got Mr. The mystery was finally unravelled in 1986 as a result of research by Christopher Allan and they argued that the prose of Allinghams book showed significant similarities to the writing of the famous astronomer Patrick Moore. Davies also claimed that the talk at the UFO club given by Allingham had in fact given by himself while wearing a false moustache. Moore had admitted to being invited by Lord Dowding to be a guest at this meeting, specifically Flying Saucer from Mars seems to parody of Flying Saucers Have Landed, the 1953 book written by the aforementioned George Adamski in collaboration with Desmond Leslie. Further articles on Moores involvement appeared in The Star, July 28,1986, cedric Allingham at answers. com Clarke, D. and Roberts, A. Flying Saucerers, a Social History of Ufology, Alternative Albion,2007, ISBN 978-1-905646-00-5 Clarke, D. and Roberts, out of the Shadows, Piatkus,2002, ISBN 978-0-7499-2290-0 Dewey, S. In Alien Heat, Anomalist, ISBN 978-1-933665-02-3
4. Aztec, New Mexico, UFO incident – The Aztec, New Mexico, UFO incident was a flying saucer crash alleged to have happened in 1948 in Aztec, New Mexico. The story was first published in 1949 by author Frank Scully in his Variety magazine columns, and later in his 1950 book Behind the Flying Saucers. In the mid 1950s, the story was exposed as a hoax fabricated by two men, Silas M. Newton and Leo A. Gebauer as part of a fraudulent scheme to sell supposed alien technology. Beginning in the 1970s, some Ufologists resurrected the story in claiming the purported crash was real. In 2013, an FBI memo claimed by some Ufologists to substantiate the story was dismissed by the bureau as a second- or third-hand claim that we never investigated. The craft was said to be 99 feet in diameter, the largest UFO to date, Scully named as his sources two men identified as Newton and Gebauer, who reportedly told him the incident had been covered up and the military had taken the craft for secret research. Scully wrote that the crashed UFO along with other flying saucers captured by the government came from Venus, according to Scully, the inhabitants stocked concentrated food wafers and heavy water for drinking purposes, and every dimension of the craft was divisible by nine. Science writer Martin Gardner criticized Scullys story as full of wild imaginings, during the late 1940s and early 50s, Silas Newton and Leo A. Gebauer traveled through Aztec, attempting to sell devices known in the oil business as doodlebugs. They claimed that these devices could find oil, gas and gold, and that they could do so because they were based on alien technology recovered from the supposed crash of a flying saucer. When J. P. Cahn of the San Francisco Chronicle asked the con-men for a piece of metal from the alien devices. In 1949, author Frank Scully published a series of columns in Variety magazine retelling the story told to him by Newton. He later expanded these columns to create Behind the Flying Saucers, four years later the hoax was exposed in True magazine. After the article was published, many victims of the pair came forward, one of the victims was the millionaire Herman Glader, who pressed charges. The two were convicted of fraud in 1953, through the mid-1950s to the early 1970s, most Ufologists considered the subject thoroughly discredited and therefore avoided it. However, in the late 70s, author Leonard Stringfield purported that not only was the incident real, the supposed humanoid bodies were said to measure between 36 inches and 42 inches in height, and weigh around 40 pounds. Ufologists claim that shortly after the craft was downed, the cleared the area of evidence. In April 2011, UFO enthusiasts discovered what has come to be known as the Hottel memo, though the memo had never been classified, and had been making the rounds online for some years, it was seen as proof of an official cover-up by the US government. The memo contained the testimony of a man named Guy Hottel and it was addressed to J. Edgar Hoover and indexed in the FBI records, but this was standard practice at the time
5. Mirage Men – Mirage Men is a 2013 documentary film directed by John Lundberg, written by Mark Pilkington and co-directed by Roland Denning and Kypros Kyprianou. Mirage Men is about how the US government used mythology to cover up their advanced technology and it prominently features Richard Doty, a retired Special Agent who worked for AFOSI, the United States Air Force Office of Special Investigation. Mark Pilkingtons book about the project, also called Mirage Men, was published in 2010 by Constable & Robinson, critical reception for the documentary has been positive. Twitch Film said the film was Scary, unsettling and offered food for thought. Electric Sheep magazine called it one of the must see documentaries of the year, aint it Cool News called the film a real head trip and said they were glued to seat. Mirage Men has been excerpted in the Adam Curtis documentary HyperNormalisation on BBC iPlayer, official website Mirage Men at the Internet Movie Database
6. Morristown UFO hoax – The lights were later observed on 4 other days, January 26, January 29, February 7, and February 17,2009. The events were actually a hoax, meant as a social experiment, five flare lights attached to helium balloons were released by Joe Rudy and Chris Russo and seen in the skies above Morris County, New Jersey. Sightings were concentrated in the towns of Hanover Township, Morristown, Morris Plains, Madison, on January 5,2009, at 8,28 pm, the Hanover Township police department received the first of seven 9-1-1 calls. Neighboring police departments also received phone calls with regard to the strange lights. Morristown Police Lt. Jim Cullen alerted Morristown Airport about a possible hazard to airplanes, Airport control tower workers reported seeing the lights in the sky, but could not determine what they were. Hanover Township police also contacted the Morristown Airport to try to pick up the objects on radar, major and local news networks covered the story, and Internet websites, including the Mutual UFO Network, have posted information about the incident. On April 1,2009, Rudy and Russo came forward with video evidence proving they were the perpetrators of this hoax, demonstrating how easy it is to fool the so-called UFO experts. On April 7,2009, Russo and Rudy pleaded guilty to charges of disorderly conduct and were sentenced to fines of $250 and 50 hours of community service. On August 5,2009, Russo was asked to debate a MUFON investigator on the existence of UFOs, the Morristown UFO Hoax was declared one of the best hoaxes ever on a program that aired on TruTV on April 1,2015. Russo and Rudy were guests on the show, on April 1,2009, Russo and Rudy went public announcing that they had perpetrated this hoax to show everyone how unreliable eyewitness accounts are, along with investigators of UFOs. As at least one police report suspected, Russo and Rudy had launched flares tied to helium balloons, Russo and Rudy described in detail how and why they perpetrated this hoax, and provided links to videos showing their preparations, the launch, and subsequent media coverage and involvement. Two men from the Morristown area claimed to see the lights while driving on Hanover Avenue in Morris Plains and they recorded several videos and still photos of the event, which have been posted on news stations, websites, blogs, and YouTube. Rudy and Russo were interviewed on News 12 New Jersey, where they offered what would later be revealed to be an account of their sighting. They have since come forward as the perpetrators of the resulting in the Morristown sightings. In the interview, Russo stated, We were driving on Hanover, Rudy stated, The lights seemed to ascend and descend almost in a sequence. They would rise up slowly and dip down, a family in Hanover Township reported seeing the lights from their home. An 11-year-old, Kristin Hurley was the first to notice the lights, Paul Hurley, a pilot, saw the lights and said they were not planes. The Hurley Family took video of the lights, which appeared on Fox News, Hurley stated, I have been in the aviation industry for 20 years and have never seen anything like this, a little scary, little scary