Category:United States Navy rear admirals (lower half)
Pages in category "United States Navy rear admirals (lower half)"
The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total, this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Winfield S. Cunningham – Winfield Scott Cunningham was the Officer in Charge, Naval Activities, Wake Island when the tiny island was attacked by the Japanese on December 8,1941. Cunningham commanded the defense of the island against the massive Japanese attack, after 15 days, he surrendered the island to the Japanese. Cunningham was taken prisoner and held as a POW in Japan and he was awarded the Navy Cross for his leadership at Wake Island. Winfield Cunningham was born on February 16,1900 in Rockbridge and he was the son of Frederick Michael and Ruth Ella Cunningham. Cunningham attended high school at Camp Douglas, in 1916, at the age of 16 and after completing his junior year in high school, he was appointed to the United States Naval Academy. Because of World War I, his Class of 1920 was graduated early – on June 6,1919, Cunningham was commissioned an ensign and his first assignment was on the naval transport USS Martha Washington, which brought troops home from France. He would then spend the two years on ships off the coast of Turkey. In January 1922, aboard the USS Huron, he sailed for China where he would spend the next year, returning to the U. S. on May 3,1923, he was promoted to lieutenant, with his promotion backdated to June 7,1922. While serving in China, Cunningham applied to aviation training. Though turned down in this first request, he put in several times and was finally accepted in 1924. On February 14,1925, he reported as a student naval aviator to Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida. While in training he was promoted to lieutenant on June 7,1925, on November 28,1941, Cunningham, by now a commander, reported for duty as Officer in Charge, All Naval Activities, Wake Island. His command briefing gave top priority to completing the naval air station, on December 8,1941, news of the attack on Pearl Harbor reached Wake Island at 07,00, less than 2-1/2 hours after the Japanese struck. Cunningham ordered all personnel to battle stations, at the same time Major James Devereux, commanding officer of the Wake Detachment of the 1st Marine Defense Battalion, Cunningham recalled the Philippine Clipper and set in motion plans for a scouting patrol. It was to take off at 13,00, however, a bombing attack by the Japanese began at 1157. On December 11, Japanese warships approached the Island, CDR Cunningham ordered the Marine commander, Major Devereux, to hold their fire until the ships were in easy range. But no reinforcements were to come, Wake remained under attack by the Japanese. After 15 days, with Japanese marines finally swarming over the island, on December 23,1941, Cunningham, along with surviving personnel and contractors, were taken captive
2. John Ford – John Ford was an American film director. His four Academy Awards for Best Director remain a record, one of the films for which he won the award, How Green Was My Valley, also won Best Picture. In a career spanned more than 50 years, Ford directed more than 140 films and he is widely regarded as one of the most important. Fords work was held in regard by his colleagues, with Orson Welles. Ford made frequent use of shooting and long shots, in which his characters were framed against a vast, harsh. Ford was born John Martin Jack Feeney in Cape Elizabeth, Maine to John Augustine Feeney and Barbara Abbey Curran and his father, John Augustine, was born in Spiddal, County Galway, Ireland in 1854. Barbara Curran had been born in the Aran Islands, in the town of Kilronan on the island of Inishmore, John A. Feeneys grandmother, Barbara Morris, was said to be a member of a local gentry family, the Morrises of Spiddal. John Augustine and Barbara Curran arrived in Boston and Portland respectively in May and they married in 1875 and became American citizens five years later on September 11,1880. John Augustine lived in the Munjoy Hill neighborhood of Portland, Maine with his family, and would try farming, fishing, working for the gas company, running a saloon, and being an alderman. Feeney attended Portland High School, Portland, Maine, where he was a successful fullback and he earned the nickname Bull because of the way he would lower his helmet and charge the line. A Portland pub is named Bull Feeneys in his honor and he later moved to California and in 1914 began working in film production as well as acting for his older brother Francis, adopting Jack Ford as a professional name. In addition to credited roles, he appeared uncredited as a Klansman in D. W. Griffiths 1915 The Birth of a Nation and he married Mary McBride Smith on July 3,1920, and they had two children. His daughter Barbara was married to singer and actor Ken Curtis from 1952 to 1964, what difficulty was caused by the two marrying is unclear as the level of John Fords commitment to the Catholic faith is disputed. A strain would have been Fords many extramarital relationships, John Ford began his career in film after moving to California in July 1914. He followed in the footsteps of his older brother Francis Ford, twelve years his senior. John Ford started out in his brothers films as an assistant, handyman, stuntman and occasional actor, frequently doubling for his brother, Francis gave his younger brother his first acting role in The Mysterious Rose. Despite an often combative relationship, within three years Jack had progressed to become Francis chief assistant and often worked as his cameraman, by the time Jack Ford was given his first break as a director, Francis profile was declining and he ceased working as a director soon after. One notable feature of John Fords films is that he used a company of actors
3. Grace Hopper – Grace Brewster Murray Hopper was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. In 1944, she was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer and she popularized the idea of machine-independent programming languages, which led to the development of COBOL, one of the first high-level programming languages. Owing to her accomplishments and her rank, she was sometimes referred to as Amazing Grace. The U. S. Navy Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Hopper was named for her, on November 22,2016, she was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama. Hopper was born in New York City and she was the eldest of three children. Her parents, Walter Fletcher Murray and Mary Campbell Van Horne, were of Scottish and Dutch descent and her great-grandfather, Alexander Wilson Russell, an admiral in the US Navy, fought in the Battle of Mobile Bay during the Civil War. Grace was very curious as a child, this was a lifelong trait, at the age of seven, she decided to determine how an alarm clock worked, and dismantled seven alarm clocks before her mother realized what she was doing. For her preparatory school education, she attended the Hartridge School in Plainfield, Hopper was initially rejected for early admission to Vassar College at age 16, but she was admitted the following year. She graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Vassar in 1928 with a degree in mathematics and physics. In 1934, she earned a Ph. D. in mathematics from Yale under the direction of Øystein Ore and her dissertation, New Types of Irreducibility Criteria, was published that same year. Hopper began teaching mathematics at Vassar in 1931, and was promoted to professor in 1941. She was married to New York University professor Vincent Foster Hopper from 1930 until their divorce in 1945 and she did not marry again, but chose to retain his surname. Hopper had tried to enlist in the Navy early in the war and she was at age 34, too old to enlist, and her weight to height ratio was too low. She was also denied on the basis that her job as a mathematician—she was a professor at Vassar College—was valuable to the war effort. During World War II in 1943, Hopper obtained a leave of absence from Vassar and was sworn into the United States Navy Reserve and she had to get an exemption to enlist, she was 15 pounds below the Navy minimum weight of 120 pounds. She reported in December and trained at the Naval Reserve Midshipmens School at Smith College in Northampton, Hopper graduated first in her class in 1944, and was assigned to the Bureau of Ships Computation Project at Harvard University as a lieutenant, junior grade. She served on the Mark I computer programming staff headed by Howard H. Aiken, Hopper and Aiken coauthored three papers on the Mark I, also known as the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator. Hoppers request to transfer to the regular Navy at the end of the war was declined due to her age of 38
4. William N. Leonard – William Nicholas Leonard was an American World War II flying ace and rear admiral in the United States Navy. He was born in Douglas, Arizona, the son of United States Army Colonel Charles F. and he graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1938 and was designated Naval Aviator #6953 in 1940. He fought in the Pacific battles of the Coral Sea, Midway and he won the Navy Cross at both Midway and the Coral Sea He was also awarded the Legion of Merit, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Air Medal and a Bronze Star. In the words of Barrett Tillman, World War II aviation historian, is a national treasure because he is so generous with his time and knowledge, records, after the war, he became a test pilot and commander, including of carrier groups. He retired in 1971 as a rear admiral, two of his brothers also became high-ranking officers, Army Major General Charles F. Leonard, Jr. and Army Air Forces Lieutenant Colonel John Wallis Leonard, who was killed in action in World War II. William Leonard, his father and two brothers are all interred in Arlington National Cemetery
5. Eleanor Mariano – Eleanor Concepcion Connie Mariano, is a Filipina American physician and former flag officer in the United States Navy. Mariano was born at the Sangley Point Naval Base in Cavite City, two years later, her parents arrived in the United States. Her father served in the navy as a steward and eventually retired with the rank of Master Chief, Mariano was the valedictorian of her Mar Vista High School, Imperial Beach, California, class of 1973. She graduated from the University of California, San Diegos Revelle College with cum laude honors, Mariano joined the U. S. Navy in 1977 and received a medical degree from the Uniformed Services University of Medicine in 1981, graduating as a lieutenant. Following graduation, she served as a doctor on USS Prairie, serving in the Indian Ocean, by 1991, Mariano was a commander and the division head of internal medicine and director of the internal medicine clinic at the San Diego naval hospital. Only a year away from being eligible for release from active duty and she joined the unit in June 1992, serving as a physician to President George H. W. As a result, she received a promotion to captain on December 7,1994. In the autumn of 1999, Mariano was nominated by the President to the rank of rear admiral, in 2001, Dr. Mariano retired from the Navy and left the White House to join the Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Arizona. She was succeeded as White House Physician by Richard Tubb, in 2005, she went on to found the Center for Executive Medicine in Scottsdale. Hawaii State Senator Will Espero, submitted Marianos name to President Barack Obama for the position of Surgeon General of the United States in May 2009 and she is the author of the book The White House Doctor, My Patients Were Presidents - A Memoir. Women in the United States Navy Presidents Physician Biography Center for Executive Medicine Asian Pacific American Medical Student Association Campaign Contributions The White House Doctor Book
6. George McMillin – George Johnson McMillin was a United States Navy Rear Admiral who served as the 38th and final Naval Governor of Guam. He served on the staff of both the Naval Academy and the Naval War College as well and he had previously evacuated all but one civilian American citizen from the island and attempted to rebuild defenses after a strong typhoon devastated the island the year before. On December 8,1941, Japanese forces invaded Guam and McMillin surrendered two days later and he spent the rest of the war at various Japanese prisoner of war camps. McMillin was born in Ohio on November 25,1889 to Chas and he lived in Youngstown, Ohio and had two brothers. He married Annabel Parlett on Oct.23,1912, in Annapolis, at the home of the brides parents and he was appointed to the United States Naval Academy in 1907, graduating in 1911. He transferred to the USS Delaware as an ensign the year of his graduation, from March 1919 to October of the same year, he served aboard the USS New Mexico as an assistant engineer officer. Following this assignment, he headed the Electrical School at the Mare Island Naval Shipyard, from August 1924 to September 1926 he served within the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. Afterward, he became first lieutenant of the USS Saratoga for three years, in the May 1930 to May 1933, he served as assistant to the Commandant of Midshipmen at the Naval Academy while a commander. In 1933, he was attached to the United States Asiatic Fleet and he attended the Naval War College in 1936 and served on staff there for two years following his graduation. From May 1938 to April 1939, he was executive officer aboard the USS Idaho, McMillin served as the Naval Governor of Guam from April 20,1940 to December 10,1941. On November 3,1940, the worst typhoon since 1918 hit Guam, the storm destroyed a majority of the islands crops, caused extensive damage to many military structures, and destroyed thousands of residential homes. McMillin requested $50,000 in aid from the American Red Cross and he oversaw a major evacuation of all United States non-military citizens on the island during his term as the political situation with Japan grew more tense. In the summer of 1941, the evacuation began and was completed on October 17,1941 with only one, the Department of the Navy informed McMillin of the December 7 attack on Pearl Harbor on December 8. A few hours later, the Japanese attacked Guam, at 8,27 p. m. on December 8, the battle began. Japanese planes first began bombing the Marine barracks and then other key targets, the USS Penguin also sank in the initial attack. The USS Robert L. Barnes was set ablaze and captured by Japanese forces, on December 10, over 5000 Japanese troops landed on the island in numerous locations, compared to American troops numbering less than 1000. A group of Marines, sailors, and members of the Insular Force Guard defended the Plaza de España, McMillin soon ordered all documents of military value be destroyed as a Japanese victory became more apparent. McMillin surrendered the island at 6 a. m. on December 10 when Japanese troops captured him in the room of his living quarters
7. Robert Peary – Robert Edwin Peary Sr. was an American explorer who claimed to have reached the geographic North Pole with his expedition on April 6,1909. Pearys claim was widely credited for most of the 20th century, rather than the claim by Frederick Cook. Both claims were debated in newspapers until 1913. Based on an evaluation of Pearys records, British polar explorer Wally Herbert concluded in a 1989 book that Peary did not reach the pole and his conclusions have been widely accepted but are in turn disputed by other authorities. Altogether Peary made eight Arctic trips, his last two expeditions were solely for the purpose of trying to reach the North Pole, Robert Edwin Peary was born on May 6,1856, in Cresson, Pennsylvania, to Charles N. and Mary P. Peary. After his father Charles Peary died in 1859, Pearys mother took the boy with her and settled in Portland, after growing up in Portland, Peary attended Bowdoin College, some 36 miles to the north. He was a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon and Phi Beta Kappa fraternities while at college and he graduated in 1877 with a civil engineering degree. After college, Peary worked as a draftsman making technical drawings in Washington, DC, at the US Coast and he joined the United States Navy and on October 26,1881, was commissioned as a civil engineer, with the relative rank of lieutenant. From 1884 to 1885 he was assistant engineer on the surveys for the Nicaragua Canal, as reflected in a diary entry he made in 1885, during his time in the Navy, he resolved to be the first man to reach the North Pole. In April 1886 he wrote a paper for the National Academy of Sciences proposing two methods for crossing Greenlands ice cap, one was to start from the west coast and trek about 400 miles to the east coast. Peary was promoted to the rank of lieutenant commander on January 5,1901, Peary made his first expedition to the Arctic in 1886, intending to cross Greenland by dog sled, taking the first of his own suggested paths. He was given six months leave from the Navy, and he received $500 from his mother to book passage north and he sailed on a whaler to Greenland, arriving in Godhavn on June 6,1886. Peary wanted to make a solo trek but a young Danish official named Christian Maigaard convinced him he would die if he went out alone, Maigaard and Peary set off together and traveled nearly 100 miles due east before turning back because they were short on food. This was the second-farthest penetration of Greenlands ice sheet at that date, Peary returned home knowing more of what was required for long-distance ice trekking. Back in Washington attending with the US Navy, Peary was ordered in November 1887 to survey routes for a proposed Nicaragua Canal. To complete his tropical outfit he needed a sun hat, so he went to a clothing store. There he met 21-year-old Matthew Henson, a man working as a sales clerk. Learning that Henson had six years of seagoing experience as a cabin boy, on assignment in the jungles of Nicaragua, Peary told Henson of his dream of Arctic exploration
8. William Reynolds (naval officer) – William Reynolds was a rear admiral in the United States Navy who served during the American Civil War. His younger brother was United States Army general John F. Reynolds, Reynolds was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and joined the Navy in 1831. His first assignment was to the Boxer, in which he toured Africa, Brazil, in 1837, he was promoted to passed midshipman and to lieutenant in 1841. From 1838 to 1842, he served with the U. S, Exploring Expedition, and was among the first to sight the Antarctic mainland. In 1842, he was assigned to the Cumberland, in 1862, he was promoted to commander and given his first ship, the Vermont, a receiving ship at Port Royal, South Carolina. He was subsequently given command of the depot there, in 1865, Reynolds was promoted to captain and given command of the screw sloop Lackawanna after the American Civil War, assigned to the Pacific. In 1867, he was the officer to formally claim the Midway Atoll for the United States, in 1870, he was made a commodore and was made the Chief of the Bureau of Equipment. In 1873, he was promoted to admiral and given command of the Asiatic Squadron from his flagship. Reynolds served as the acting Secretary of the United States Navy in 1874 and his last foreign tour included an official visit to China. Reynolds wife, Rebecca Krug Reynolds, became the first American woman to walk on the Great Wall of China, in 1877, due to failing health, he retired from active service. Reynolds died in Washington, D. C. on November 5,1879,4,1 pgs William Reynolds, Nathaniel Philbrick. The Private Journal of William Reynolds, United States Exploring Expedition, Reynolds Family Papers Digital Collection, Franklin & Marshall College
9. Presley Marion Rixey – Rear Admiral Presley Marion Rixey was a Surgeon General of the United States Navy and personal physician to Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. The older brother of John Franklin Rixey, Rixey earned his degree at the University of Virginia in 1873. On 25 April 1877, he married Earlena J. English, daughter of Rear Admiral Earl English and he was commissioned Assistant Surgeon in the Navy on 28 January 1874. He attended President McKinley after he was shot in Buffalo, New York, during his tenure as Surgeon General Rixey strongly supported the foundation of a womens nursing corps for the Navy. With his help the Navy Nurse Corps was finally established in 1908, from 16 January 1913 to 16 April 1917, Rixey served as a member of the Naval Examining Board, presiding over it during the last four months of that period. He died at his home in Rosslyn, Virginia and he is interred in Arlington National Cemetery. Rixeys estate in Arlington, Virginia, became the campus of Marymount University, the World War II casualty evacuation transport USS Rixey was named for him. The Rixey station on the Great Falls and Old Dominion Railroad was built for his estate, the Life Story of Presley Marion Rixey, Surgeon General US Navy 1902 to 1910. 1905 Biographical Sketch Record at Arlington National Cemetery Bio at Navy History Guarding the Health of Our Presidents, by Presley Marion Rixey, M. D. Presley M. Rixey at Internet Movie Database
10. Alan Shepard – Rear Admiral Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. was an American astronaut, naval aviator, test pilot, and businessman. A graduate of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Shepard saw action with the navy during World War II. He became an aviator in 1946, and a test pilot in 1950. He was selected as one of the original NASA Mercury Seven astronauts in 1959 and his craft entered space, but did not achieve orbit. He became the person, and the first American, to travel into space. In the final stages of Project Mercury, Shepard was scheduled to pilot the Mercury-Atlas 10 and he named Mercury Spacecraft 15B Freedom 7 II in honor of his first spacecraft, but the mission was cancelled. This was surgically corrected in 1969, and in 1971, Shepard commanded the Apollo 14 mission, at age 47, he became the fifth and oldest person to walk on the Moon, and the only one of the Mercury Seven astronauts to do so. During the mission, he hit two balls on the lunar surface. He was Chief of the Astronaut Office from November 1963 to July 1969 and he was promoted to rear admiral on August 25,1971, the first astronaut to reach that rank. Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. was born on November 18,1923, in Derry, New Hampshire, to Alan B. Shepard Sr. and he had a younger sister, Pauline, who was known as Polly. He was one of famous descendants of Mayflower passenger Richard Warren. His father, Alan B. Shepard Sr. known as Bart, worked in the Derry National Bank and he joined the National Guard in 1915 and served in France with the American Expeditionary Force during World War I. He remained in the National Guard between the wars, and was recalled to duty during World War II, rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. In 1936, he went to the Pinkerton Academy, a school in Derry that his father had attended. He completed years 9 to 12 there, fascinated by flight, he created a model airplane club at the Academy, and his Christmas present in 1938 was a flight in a Douglas DC-3. The following year he began cycling to Manchester Airfield, where he would do odd jobs in exchange for the ride in an airplane or informal flying lesson. Shepard graduated from the Pinkerton Academy in 1940, because World War II was already raging in Europe, his father wanted him to join the Army. He easily passed the exam to the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1940
11. Carleton H. Wright – Carleton Herbert Wright was an admiral in the United States Navy. Wright graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1912 with a standing of 16th out of 156 graduates. During World War I, he served aboard the Jarvis at Queenstown, after World War I, Wright attended the USNs ordnance postgraduate course from 1918 through 1920. He then had various ship and staff assignments afloat and ordnance-related posts ashore until 1935, from 1935 to 1936, he commanded Destroyer Division 18. From 1936 to 1938 he served on the staff of Comsofor, at the outbreak of World War II, Wright was the captain of the U. S. cruiser Augusta. Wright was promoted to admiral in May 1942 and commanded warship forces under William Halsey during the Guadalcanal campaign. As commander of Task Group 67, Wright led his force of five cruisers, the battle was one of the worst defeats that the U. S. Navy suffered in World War II. Afterward Wright ordered the General Courts Martial of 50 African-American men found guilty of mutiny after expressing fear, in March 1946, he became the Inspector General of the Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Area. Wright later served as the deputy commander of the Marianas before retiring from the U. S. Navy in October 1948 and he died in Claremont, California on June 27,1973. Nautical & Aviation Publishing Company of Ame, Guadalcanal, The Definitive Account of the Landmark Battle. The Struggle for Guadalcanal, August 1942 – February 1943, vol.5 of History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, United States Destroyer Operations in World War II