The Andrews Sisters
The Andrews Sisters were an American close harmony singing group of the swing and boogie-woogie eras. The group consisted of three sisters, contralto LaVerne Sophia, soprano Maxene Angelyn, and mezzo-soprano Patricia Marie Patty, throughout their long career, the sisters sold well over 75 million records. Their 1941 hit Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy can be considered an example of rhythm. The Andrews Sisters harmonies and songs are still today, and have been covered by entertainers such as Bette Midler, Christina Aguilera, Pentatonix. The group was inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 1998, writing for Bloomberg, Mark Schoifet said the sisters became the most popular female vocal group of the first half of the 20th century. They are still widely acclaimed today for their famous close harmonies, the sisters were born to Peter Andreos and Olga, their father was Greek and their mother Norwegian-American of the Lutheran faith. Following the collapse of their fathers Minneapolis restaurant, the sisters went on the road to support the family and they started their career as imitators of an earlier successful singing group, the Boswell Sisters who were popular in the 1930s.
They followed this success with a string of best-selling records over the two years and they became a household name by the 1940s. Instrumental to the success over the years were their parents, their orchestra leader and musical arranger, Vic Schoen, and Jack and David Kapp. During World War II they entertained the Allied forces extensively in America and Italy, visiting Army, Navy and Coast Guard bases, war zones and munitions factories. They encouraged U. S. citizens to war bonds with their rendition of Irving Berlins song Any Bonds Today. While touring, they often treated three random servicemen to dinner when they were dining out. I. An ad in the 1951 Radio Annual showed photos of the Andrews as children, as singers, and as old women in the then-future year of 1975, sadly. In the 1950s, Patty Andrews decided to break away from the act to be a soloist and she had married the trios pianist, Walter Weschler, who became the groups manager and demanded more money for Patty. Patty attributed the breakup to the deaths of their parents, We had been nearly all our lives.
Then in one year our dream world ended and our mother died and our father. All three of us were upset, and we were at each others throats all the time, in 1951, they recorded The Windmill Song which is an adaptation of the French song Maître Pierre written in 1948 by Henri Betti and Jacques Plante. The English lyrics were written by Mitchell Parish, the Andrews Sisters formally broke up in 1953
Morey Amsterdam was an American television actor and comedian, best known for the role of Buddy Sorrell on CBSs The Dick Van Dyke Show from 1961 to 1966. Amsterdam was born in Chicago, the youngest of the three sons of Max and Jennie Amsterdam, Jewish immigrants from Austria-Hungary and he began working in vaudeville in 1922 as the straight man for his older brothers jokes. He was a cellist, a skill he used throughout his career, by 1924, he was working in a speakeasy operated by Al Capone. After being caught in the middle of a gunfight, Amsterdam moved to California and his enormous repertoire and ability to come up with a joke on any subject earned him the nickname The Human Joke Machine. He sometimes performed with a machine on his chest, hanging by a strap. He turned a crank and paper rolled out, he would pretend to read the machines joke. Amsterdams reputation for humor preceded him, hal Block tells of Amsterdam walking up Sixth Avenue in New York City and meeting an old friend. Sick, Amsterdam replied, Ive been in bed with a cold and his friend looked at him and asked, Whats so funny about that.
During the 1930s, Amsterdam was a regular on The Al Pearce Show radio program, Amsterdam had a notable career as a songwriter, with his first popular success being Why Oh Why Did I Ever Leave Wyoming. Amsterdams most famous achievement as a songwriter was as the credited lyricist on the 1945 Andrews Sisters hit Rum and Coca-Cola. In the end, Lord Invader was given a substantial royalty payment for having written the lyric to the piece. In the early 1940s, he was a screenwriter, contributing dialogue for two East Side Kids films and he is listed as screenwriter for the 1943 film, The Ghost and the Guest and 1944s Bowery Champs. By 1947, he was performing on three radio shows. Beginning in 1948, he appeared on the radio show Stop Me If Youve Heard This One, the Morey Amsterdam Show aired on CBS radio from July 10,1948 to February 15,1949. For three months, it was on radio and television with different scripts for the same premise and cast. He did a show called the Laugh and Swing Club, broadcasting from the Filmart Theater on Vine street in Hollywood, in the late 1940s.
The Morey Amsterdam Show ran on CBS TV from December 1948 to March 1949, among Moreys regular guests was song-and-dance man Art Carney. The cigarette girl was future author Jacqueline Susann, wife of the producer of the show, jazz musician Johnny Guarneri led the band
Music hall is a type of British theatrical entertainment that was popular from the early Victorian era circa 1850 and lasting until 1960. It involved a mixture of songs, speciality acts. The term is derived from a type of theatre or venue in which such entertainment took place and these theatres were designed chiefly so people could consume food and alcohol and smoke tobacco in the auditorium while the entertainment took place. This differed somewhat from the type of theatre, which until seated the audience in stalls with a separate bar-room. By the mid-19th century, the halls cried out for many new, as a result, professional songwriters were enlisted to provide the music for a plethora of star performers, such as Marie Lloyd, Dan Leno, Little Tich, and George Leybourne. Music hall did not adopt its own unique style, the halls had recovered by the start of the First World War and were used to stage charity events in aid of the war effort. Music hall entertainment continued after the war, but became popular due to upcoming Jazz, Swing.
Licensing restrictions had changed, and drinking was banned from the auditorium, a new type of music hall entertainment had arrived, in the form of variety, and many music hall performers failed to make the transition. Deemed old fashioned and with the closure of many halls, music hall entertainment ceased, Music hall in London had its origins in entertainment provided in the new style saloon bars of public houses during the 1830s. These venues replaced earlier semi-rural amusements provided by fairs and suburban pleasure gardens such as Vauxhall Gardens and these latter became subject to urban development and became fewer and less popular. The saloon was a room where for a fee or a greater price at the bar, dancing. The most famous London saloon of the days was the Grecian Saloon, established in 1825, at The Eagle,2 Shepherdess Walk. According to John Hollingshead, proprietor of the Gaiety Theatre, this establishment was the father and mother, known as the Grecian Theatre, it was here that Marie Lloyd made her début at the age of 14 in 1884.
It is still famous because of an English nursery rhyme, with the somewhat mysterious lyrics, Up and down the City Road In and out The Eagle Thats the way the money goesPop goes the weasel. Another famous song and supper room of this period was Evans Music-and-Supper Rooms,43 King Street, Covent Garden and this venue was known as Evans Late Joys – Joy being the name of the previous owner. Other song and supper rooms included the Coal Hole in The Strand, the Cyder Cellars in Maiden Lane, Covent Garden, the music hall as we know it developed from such establishments during the 1850s and were built in and on the grounds of public houses. In a theatre, by contrast, the audience was seated in stalls, an exception to this rule was the Britannia Theatre, Hoxton which somehow managed to evade this regulation and served drinks to its customers. Though a theatre rather than a hall, this establishment hosted music hall variety acts
Fred Astaire was an American dancer, actor and television presenter. His stage and subsequent film and television careers spanned a total of 76 years, during which he made 31 musical films and several television specials, Astaire was ranked by the American Film Institute as the fifth greatest male star of Classic Hollywood cinema in 100 Years. Gene Kelly, another star in filmed dance, said that the history of dance on film begins with Astaire, later, he asserted that Astaire was the only one of todays dancers who will be remembered. Astaire was born in Omaha, the son of Johanna Ann, Astaires mother was born in the United States to Lutheran German immigrants from East Prussia and Alsace. Astaires father was born in Linz, Austria, to Jewish parents who had converted to Roman Catholicism, Astaires mother dreamed of escaping Omaha by virtue of her childrens talents, after Astaires sister, Adele Astaire, early on revealed herself to be an instinctive dancer and singer. She planned a brother and sister act, which was common in vaudeville at the time, although Astaire refused dance lessons at first, he easily mimicked his older sisters steps and took up piano and clarinet.
Despite Adele and Freds teasing rivalry, they acknowledged their individual strengths, his durability. Fred and Adeles mother suggested they change their name to Astaire, Family legend attributes the name to an uncle surnamed LAstaire. They were taught dance and singing in preparation for developing an act and their first act was called Juvenile Artists Presenting an Electric Musical Toe-Dancing Novelty. Fred wore a top hat and tails in the first half, in an interview, Astaires daughter, Ava Astaire McKenzie, observed that they often put Fred in a top hat to make him look taller. The goofy act debuted in Keyport, New Jersey, in a tryout theater, the local paper wrote, the Astaires are the greatest child act in vaudeville. As a result of their fathers salesmanship and Adele rapidly landed a contract and played the famed Orpheum Circuit in the Midwest, Western. Soon Adele grew to at least three inches taller than Fred and the pair began to look incongruous. The family decided to take a break from show business to let time take its course and to avoid trouble from the Gerry Society.
In 1912, Fred became an Episcopalian, the career of the Astaire siblings resumed with mixed fortunes, though with increasing skill and polish, as they began to incorporate tap dancing into their routines. Astaires dancing was inspired by Bill Bojangles Robinson and John Bubbles Sublett, from vaudeville dancer Aurelio Coccia, they learned the tango and other ballroom dances popularized by Vernon and Irene Castle. Some sources state that the Astaire siblings appeared in a 1915 film titled Fanchon, the Cricket, starring Mary Pickford, by age 14, Fred had taken on the musical responsibilities for their act. He first met George Gershwin, who was working as a song plugger for Jerome H. Remicks music publishing company, Fred had already been hunting for new music and dance ideas
Lawrence Larry Cecil Adler was an American musician, one of the worlds most skilled harmonica players. Ralph Vaughan Williams, Malcolm Arnold, Darius Milhaud and Arthur Benjamin composed for him, during his career he collaborated with Sting, Elton John, Kate Bush and Cerys Matthews. Adler was born in Baltimore, Maryland, to Sadie Hack and he graduated from Baltimore City College high school. He taught himself harmonica, which he called a mouth-organ, in 1927, he won a contest sponsored by the Baltimore Sun, playing a Beethoven minuet, and a year he ran away from home to New York. From there, he was hired by Florenz Ziegfeld and by Lew Leslie again as an urchin and he broke the typecasting and appeared in a dinner jacket in the 1934 Paramount film Many Happy Returns, and was hired by theatrical producer C. B. He became a star in the United Kingdom and the Empire and he recorded all except the Scott Serenade, some more than once. Other works he played in harmonica arrangements were by Bartók, Debussy, Gershwin, Poulenc, Ravel and Walton.
During the 1940s, Adler and the dancer, Paul Draper, formed an act and toured nationally and internationally, one popular number was Gershwins I Got Rhythm. After the blacklisting and a libel suit decided in 1950, he moved to the United Kingdom in 1951 and settled in London. Another source indicates he stayed in London from 1949, the 1953 film Genevieve brought him an Oscar nomination for his work on the soundtrack, and great wealth. His name was removed from the credits in the United States due to blacklisting. His other film scores included A Cry from the Streets, The Hellions, The Hook, King & Country and he scored a hit with the theme song of the French Jacques Becker movie Touchez pas au grisbi with Jean Gabin, written by Jean Wiener. In 1959, a reviewer from the Village Voice called Adler a great artist after watching his twice-nightly performances at the Village Gate. In 1994, for his 80th birthday and George Martin produced an album of George Gershwin songs, The Glory of Gershwin, the Glory of Gershwin reached number 2 in the UK albums chart in 1994.
Adler was a musician and showman, concerts to support The Glory of Gershwin showed he was a competent pianist. He opened each performance with Gershwins Summertime, playing piano and harmonica simultaneously, Adler appeared in five movies, including Sidewalks of London, in which he played a harmonica virtuoso named Constantine. His other film appearances were in Three Daring Daughters playing himself, Music for Millions playing Larry, The Singing Marine playing Larry and he was a prolific letter writer, his correspondence with Private Eye becoming popular in the United Kingdom. Adler wrote an autobiography — entitled It Aint Necessarily So — in 1985 and he appeared on the Jack Benny radio program several times, entertaining disabled soldiers in the USA during World War II
Robert Alda was an American theatrical and film actor and father of actors Alan and Antony Alda. A talented singer and dancer, Alda was featured in a number of Broadway productions before moving to Italy during the early 1960s. He appeared in many European films over the two decades, occasionally returning to the U. S. for film appearances such as The Girl Who Knew Too Much. He graduated from Stuyvesant High School in New York in 1930 and he began as a singer and dancer in vaudeville after winning a talent contest, and moved on to burlesque. Alda is known for portraying George Gershwin in the biopic Rhapsody in Blue as well as the talent agent in the Douglas Sirk classic Imitation of Life. He was very successful on Broadway, starring in Guys and Dolls, for which he won a Tony Award and he was the host of the short-lived DuMont TV version of the game show Whats Your Bid. Aldas first wife, and mother of actor Alan Alda, Joan Browne, was a homemaker and former beauty pageant winner, Alda was married to his second wife, Flora Marino, an Italian actress whom he met in Rome, until his death.
Alda made two guest appearances with his son Alan on M*A*S*H, in the episodes The Consultant and Lend a Hand, the latter episode featured Antony Alda, his younger son by his second wife. Alda appeared in an episode of The Feather and Father Gang in 1977, Alda died on May 3,1986, aged 72, after a long illness following a stroke. The Front Page My Daughter, Your Son What Makes Sammy Run
Don Ameche was an American actor and voice artist. After touring in vaudeville, he featured in many biographical films and he continued to appear on Broadway, as well as on radio and TV, where he was host and commentator for International Showtime, covering circus and ice-shows all over Europe. Ameche was married to his wife Honore for 54 years, Ameche won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Cocoon. Ameche was born Dominic Felix Amici in Kenosha, Wisconsin on May 31,1908 and his father, Felice Amici, was a bartender from Italy from Montemonaco, Ascoli Piceno, Marche. His mother, Barbara Etta Hertel, was of Scottish, Irish and he had three brothers, Umberto and Louis, and four sisters, Catherine and Anna. Ameche attended Marquette University, Loras College, and the University of Wisconsin, Ameche had intended to study law, but he found theatricals more interesting and decided on a stage career. He was instrumental in forming and leading the group the year before play began.
Ameche was married to Honore Prendergast from 1932 until her death in 1986, Ron Ameche, owned a restaurant, Ameches Pumpernickel in Coralville, Iowa. He had two daughters and Bonnie, Ameches younger brother, Jim Ameche, was a well-known actor. His brother Bert was an architect who worked for the U. S. Navy in Port Hueneme and the U. S. Postal Service in Los Angeles, California. He enjoyed the experience and got a lead in Jerry For Short in New York, followed by a tour in vaudeville with Texas Guinan until she dropped him from the act. He made his debut in 1935, and by the late 1930s, had established himself as a major actor in Hollywood. He appeared in films as Alexanders Ragtime Band, and as the title character in The Story of Alexander Graham Bell. In the 1940 film Go West, Groucho Marx proclaims and this is 1870, Don Ameche hasnt invented the telephone yet. While in the 1941 film Ball of Fire, Barbara Stanwycks character discusses the ameche slang usage, Do you know what this means, another highlight was co-starring with Gene Tierney in Ernst Lubitschs Heaven Can Wait in 1943, a film nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture.
In 1940, he was voted the 21st-most-popular star in Hollywood, in 1944 he reportedly earned $247,677 for 1943, making him the second highest earner at 20th Century Fox after Spyros Skouras. Ameche played so many roles based on people that on one of his radio broadcasts, Fred Allen joked. Soon afterwards, in Its in the Bag. which starred Allen and fellow veteran actor Ralph Bellamy were eventually cast in John Landis Trading Places in 1983, playing rich brothers intent on ruining an innocent man for the sake of a one-dollar bet
Commonwealth of Nations
The Commonwealth of Nations, known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 52 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire. The Commonwealth dates back to the century with the decolonisation of the British Empire through increased self-governance of its territories. It was formally constituted by the London Declaration in 1949, which established the states as free. The symbol of free association is Queen Elizabeth II who is the Head of the Commonwealth. The Queen is the monarch of 16 members of the Commonwealth, the other Commonwealth members have different heads of state,31 members are republics and five are monarchies with a different monarch. Member states have no obligation to one another. Instead, they are united by language, history and their values of democracy, free speech, human rights. These values are enshrined in the Commonwealth Charter and promoted by the quadrennial Commonwealth Games, the Commonwealth covers more than 29,958,050 km2, 20% of the worlds land area, and spans all six inhabited continents.
She declared, So, it marks the beginning of that free association of independent states which is now known as the Commonwealth of Nations. As long ago as 1884, Lord Rosebery, while visiting Australia, had described the changing British Empire—as some of its colonies became more independent—as a Commonwealth of Nations. Conferences of British and colonial prime ministers occurred periodically from the first one in 1887, the Commonwealth developed from the imperial conferences. Newfoundland never did, as on 16 February 1934, with the consent of its parliament, Newfoundland joined Canada as its 10th province in 1949. Australia and New Zealand ratified the Statute in 1942 and 1947 respectively, after World War II ended, the British Empire was gradually dismantled. Most of its components have become independent countries, whether Commonwealth realms or republics, there remain the 14 British overseas territories still held by the United Kingdom. In April 1949, following the London Declaration, the word British was dropped from the title of the Commonwealth to reflect its changing nature and Aden are the only states that were British colonies at the time of the war not to have joined the Commonwealth upon independence.
Hoped for success was reinforced by such achievements as climbing Mount Everest in 1953, breaking the four minute mile in 1954, the humiliation of the Suez Crisis of 1956 badly hurt morale of Britain and the Commonwealth as a whole. More broadly, there was the loss of a role of the British Empire. That role was no longer militarily or financially feasible, as Britains withdrawal from Greece in 1947 painfully demonstrated, Britain itself was now just one part of the NATO military alliance in which the Commonwealth had no role apart from Canada
Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment. It was especially popular in the United States and Canada from the early 1880s until the early 1930s, a typical vaudeville performance is made up of a series of separate, unrelated acts grouped together on a common bill. A vaudeville performer is often referred to as a vaudevillian, Vaudeville developed from many sources, including the concert saloon, freak shows, dime museums, and literary American burlesque. Called the heart of American show business, vaudeville was one of the most popular types of entertainment in North America for several decades, the origin of this term is obscure, but is often explained as being derived from the French expression voix de ville. A second speculation is that it comes from the songs on satire by poet Olivier Basselin. Some, preferred the term variety to what manager Tony Pastor called its sissy. Thus, vaudeville was marketed as variety well into the 20th century, with its first subtle appearances within the early 1860s, vaudeville was not initially a common form of entertainment.
The form gradually evolved from the saloon and variety hall into its mature form throughout the 1870s and 1880s. This more gentle form was known as Polite Vaudeville, in the years before the American Civil War, entertainment existed on a different scale. Certainly, variety theatre existed before 1860 in Europe and elsewhere, in the US, as early as the first decades of the 19th century, theatregoers could enjoy a performance consisting of Shakespeare plays, singing and comedy. As the years progressed, people seeking diversified amusement found a number of ways to be entertained. Vaudeville was characterized by traveling companies touring through cities and towns, a significant influence came from Dutch minstrels and comedians. Vaudeville incorporated these various itinerant amusements into a stable, institutionalized form centered in Americas growing urban hubs, pastors experiment proved successful, and other managers soon followed suit. B. F. Keith took the step, starting in Boston. Later, E. F.
Albee, adoptive grandfather of the Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Edward Albee, circuits such as those managed by Keith-Albee provided vaudevilles greatest economic innovation and the principal source of its industrial strength. They enabled a chain of allied vaudeville houses that remedied the chaos of the booking system by contracting acts for regional and national tours. These could easily be lengthened from a few weeks to two years, Albee gave national prominence to vaudevilles trumpeting polite entertainment, a commitment to entertainment equally inoffensive to men and children. Acts that violated this ethos were admonished and threatened with expulsion from the remaining performances or were canceled altogether
Broncho Billy Anderson
Gilbert M. Broncho Billy Anderson was an American actor, film director, and film producer, who is best known as the first star of the Western film genre. Anderson was born Maxwell Henry Aronson in Little Rock and his family was Jewish, his fathers parents having emigrated to the United States from Prussia, and his mothers from the Russian Empire. His family moved to Pine Bluff, Arkansas when he was three years old and he lived in Pine Bluff until he was 8, when he moved with his family to St. Louis, Missouri. When he was 18, he moved to New York City and appeared in vaudeville, in 1903, he met Edwin S. Porter, who hired him as an actor and occasional script collaborator. Anderson played three roles in Porters early motion picture The Great Train Robbery, seeing the film for the first time at a vaudeville theater and being overwhelmed by the audiences reaction, he decided to work in the film industry exclusively. He began to write and act in his own westerns under the name Gilbert M. Anderson, in 1907 in Chicago and George Kirke Spoor founded Essanay Studios, one of the major early movie studios.
In 1909, he directed the film with the first known instance of the pie-the-face gag, Anderson acted in over 300 short films. He played a variety of characters, but he gained enormous popularity from a series of 148 silent western shorts and was the first film cowboy star. Spoor stayed in Chicago running the company like a factory, while Anderson traveled the western United States by train with a film crew shooting movies. Writing and directing most of these movies, Anderson found time to direct a series of Alkali Ike comedy westerns starring Augustus Carney, in 1916, Anderson sold his ownership in Essanay and retired from acting. He returned to New York City, bought the Longacre Theatre and produced plays and he made a brief comeback as a producer with a series of shorts with Stan Laurel, including his first work with Oliver Hardy in A Lucky Dog. Conflicts with the studio, led him to again after 1920. He asked for $900,000, but the outcome of the suit is unknown, Anderson resumed producing movies, as owner of Progressive Pictures, into the 1950s, retired again.
In 1958, he received an Honorary Academy Award as a motion picture pioneer for his contributions to the development of motion pictures as entertainment, at age 85, Anderson came out of retirement for a cameo role in The Bounty Killer. For the last years of his life, he lived at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital in Woodland Hills, Anderson died in 1971 at the age of 90, at a sanitarium in South Pasadena, California. He was survived by his wife, Mollie Louise Anderson, their daughter, Maxine and he was cremated and his ashes placed in a vault at the Chapel of the Pines Crematory in Los Angeles. Anderson was honored posthumously in 1998 with his image on a U. S. postage stamp, in 2002, he was inducted into the Western Performers Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. For the past nine years, California, site of the western Essanay Studios, has held an annual Broncho Billy Silent Film Festival, Anderson has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1651 Vine Street in Hollywood
Jean Adair was a Canadian actress. Her final performance was as the beloved matriarch Rebecca Nurse in the production of The Crucible. Like many stage actresses of her era, she appeared in vaudeville. She was born in Hamilton, Ontario and died in New York City, New York, at age 79
Adele, Lady Charles Cavendish was an American dancer, stage actress and singer. She was Fred Astaires elder sister, and his partner in a 27-year career in vaudeville and theater, beginning when he was five, Adele became an Episcopalian, like her younger brother. A teachers suggestion that the two children might have a career if trained for it prompted the family to move from Omaha to New York. Adele and their mother lived in a boardinghouse, and they adopted the more American-sounding name Astaire after trying several variations on the original family surname. In 1905 Adele Astaire had a vaudeville act with her younger brother. After 1917 they developed it into an adult career on Broadway and, beginning in 1923. Adele was the bigger and more charismatic star of the two during their performing together. Peter Pan creator J. M. Barrie asked Adele to play his creation, back in New York the duo appeared in Jerome Kerns The Bunch and Judy, and the Gershwin brothers first Broadway collaboration Lady, Be Good.
Both were hits in America and in London, after Fred Astaires success in Hollywood, Adele gave serious consideration in 1935 to making a musical film there. She visited Hollywood and appeared in January 1936 on the Music Variety Show, during their partnership, whose perfectionism earned him the nickname Moaning Minnie from her, had always been the dominant creative force. In 1937 Adele began filming in England with Jack Buchanan and Maurice Chevalier and she recalled, Oh boy, if my brother Fred sees this—Im gone. There is no known record of Adele performing, but she made eight audio recordings, all duets with either Fred. She had three children, a daughter in 1933 and twin sons in 1935, all of whom died soon after birth, by this marriage, she was properly styled Lady Charles Cavendish and would have been called Lady Charles in social circumstances. Her husband died in 1944, aged 38, of long-term alcoholism, following his death, she turned down an offer from Irving Berlin to return to the stage in Annie Get Your Gun.
Afterwards, Adele lived in Phoenix and continued, until 1979, unlike her brother, Adele was extremely gregarious and took great delight in shocking friends and strangers alike. In 1972, Fred and Adele Astaire were inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame, Adele Astaire died in Scottsdale Memorial Hospital, Arizona, after suffering a stroke. Her remains were interred in the Oakwood Memorial Park Cemetery in Chatsworth, built in 1905, the Gottlieb Storz House in Omaha includes the Adele and Fred Astaire Ballroom on the top floor, which is the only memorial to their Omaha roots. At the suggestion of Roddy McDowall, Astaire donated her papers and memorabilia—amounting to several trunks of material—to the Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center at Boston University