Category:Vehicles built in Lansing, Michigan
Pages in category "Vehicles built in Lansing, Michigan"
The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 26 pages are in this category, out of 26 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Lansing, Michigan – Lansing /ˈlænsɪŋ/ is the capital of the US state of Michigan. It is mostly in Ingham County, although portions of the city extend west into Eaton County, the 2010 Census placed the citys population at 114,297, making it the fifth largest city in Michigan. The population of its Metropolitan Statistical Area was 464,036, while the even larger Combined Statistical Area population and it was named the new state capital of Michigan in 1847, ten years after Michigan became a state. The Lansing Metropolitan Area, colloquially referred to as Mid-Michigan, is an important center for educational, cultural, governmental, commercial, Lansing is the only U. S. state capital that is not also a county seat. The seat of government of Ingham County is Mason, but the county maintains some offices in Lansing, the first recorded person of European descent to spot the area that is now Lansing was explorer Hugh Heward in 1790 while canoeing the Grand River. The land that was to become Lansing was surveyed as Township 4 North Range 2 West in February 1827 in what was then dense forest and it was the last of the countys townships to be surveyed, and the land was not offered for sale until October 1830. There would be no roads to this area for decades to come, in the winter of 1835 and early 1836, two brothers from New York plotted the area now known as REO Town just south of downtown Lansing and named it Biddle City. This land lay in a floodplain and was underwater during the majority of the year, nevertheless, the brothers went back to Lansing, New York, to sell plots for the town that did not exist. They told the New Yorkers this new city had an area of 65 blocks, a church,16 men bought plots in the nonexistent city, and upon reaching the area later that year found they had been scammed. Many in the group too disappointed to stay ended up settling around what is now metropolitan Lansing and those who stayed quickly renamed the area Lansing Township in honor of their home village in New York. The United States had recaptured the city in 1813, but these led to the dire need to have the center of government relocate from hostile British territory. There was also concern with Detroits strong influence over Michigan politics, during the multi-day session to determine a new location for the state capital, many cities, including Ann Arbor, Marshall, and Jackson, lobbied hard to win this designation. Unable to publicly reach a consensus because of constant political wrangling, when announced, many present openly laughed that such an insignificant settlement was now Michigans capital. Two months later, Governor William L. Greenly signed into law the act of the legislature making Lansing Township the state capital, with the announcement that Lansing Township had been made the capital, the small village quickly transformed into the seat of state government. The legislature gave the settlement the name of the Town of Michigan. In April 1848, the legislature gave the settlement the name of Lansing. It was home to the first house built in Lansing in 1843 by pioneer James Seymour, Lower Town began to develop in 1847 with the completion of the Franklin Avenue covered bridge over the Grand River. Upper Village/Town, where present-day REO Town stands at the confluence of the Grand River and it began to take off in 1847 when the Main Street Bridge was constructed over the Grand River
2. Michigan – Michigan /ˈmɪʃᵻɡən/ is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The name Michigan is the French form of the Ojibwa word mishigamaa, Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area. Its capital is Lansing, and its largest city is Detroit, Michigan is the only state to consist of two peninsulas. The Lower Peninsula, to which the name Michigan was originally applied, is noted to be shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, the two peninsulas are connected by the Mackinac Bridge. The state has the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world, being bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, as a result, it is one of the leading U. S. states for recreational boating. Michigan also has 64,980 inland lakes and ponds, a person in the state is never more than six miles from a natural water source or more than 85 miles from a Great Lakes shoreline. What is now the state of Michigan was first settled by Native American tribes before being colonized by French explorers in the 17th century, the area was organized as part of the larger Northwest Territory until 1800, when western Michigan became part of the Indiana Territory. Eventually, in 1805, the Michigan Territory was formed, which lasted until it was admitted into the Union on January 26,1837, the state of Michigan soon became an important center of industry and trade in the Great Lakes region and a popular immigrant destination. Though Michigan has come to develop an economy, it is widely known as the center of the U. S. automotive industry. When the first European explorers arrived, the most populous tribes were Algonquian peoples, which include the Anishinaabe groups of Ojibwe, Odaawaa/Odawa, the three nations co-existed peacefully as part of a loose confederation called the Council of Three Fires. The Ojibwe, whose numbers are estimated to have been between 25,000 and 35,000, were the largest, French voyageurs and coureurs des bois explored and settled in Michigan in the 17th century. The first Europeans to reach what became Michigan were those of Étienne Brûlés expedition in 1622, the first permanent European settlement was founded in 1668 on the site where Père Jacques Marquette established Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan as a base for Catholic missions, missionaries in 1671–75 founded outlying stations at Saint Ignace and Marquette. Jesuit missionaries were received by the areas Indian populations, with relatively few difficulties or hostilities. In 1679, Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle built Fort Miami at present-day St. Joseph, in 1691, the French established a trading post and Fort St. Joseph along the St. Joseph River at the present day city of Niles. The hundred soldiers and workers who accompanied Cadillac built a fort enclosing one arpent, cadillacs wife, Marie Thérèse Guyon, soon moved to Detroit, becoming one of the first European women to settle in the Michigan wilderness. The town quickly became a major fur-trading and shipping post, the Église de Saint-Anne was founded the same year
3. Bates (automobile) – The Bates was an automobile manufactured in Lansing, Michigan, by the Bates Automobile Company from 1903 to 1905. The Bates was the brainchild of M. F, Bates, who was vice-president of the company. Bates Automobile was organized on May 27,1903, by M. F, olds & Son company draftsman and developer. Bates automobile manufacturing was started up in an old Armory building in Lansing, the company started out producing brass-era single-cylinder runabouts, and later produced a few two-seater and four-seater cars with four-cylinders. The four-seater touring cars produced cost US$2,000, in all, a total of about 25 cars were produced. The early cars had two-cylinder 16hp engines, while in 1905, the companys slogan was Buy a Bates and Keep Your Dates. The Bates Automobile Company was entirely separate from the Bates & Edmonds Company, another auto manufacturing firm of which Bates was a partner
4. Buick Enclave – The Buick Enclave is a full-size luxury crossover SUV launched in 2007. The Enclave, the GMC Acadia, and Chevrolet Traverse all share the GM Lambda platform, the Enclave was previewed at the 2006 North American International Auto Show, officially as a concept car, making it the first Lambda vehicle to be displayed. The Enclave is partially based on the Buick Centieme concept shown at the 2003 Detroit Auto Show, the Enclave replaced both of Buicks SUVs, the minivan-based Rendezvous and the truck-based Rainier, as well as the Terraza minivan. As of February 2014, the 2014 Enclave was the top-ranked Affordable Midsize SUV in U. S. News & World Reports rankings, the second-generation Enclave is set to be officially revealed at the 2017 New York Auto Show. The Enclave has seating for seven passengers, with a second row bench seat instead of the standard two captain chairs which increases the seating to eight. It comes standard with front-wheel drive with an option of all-wheel drive, the Enclave shares powertrains with its Lambda siblings. For its first year of production, the Enclave was powered by a 275 hp 3.6 L High Feature V6 engine mated to an automatic transmission. For the 2009 model, a 3.6 L V6 Direct Injection Spark Ignition VVT with 286 hp and 255 lb·ft. of torque standard, the Enclave debuted with a starting price of $32,790. The 2012 Buick Enclave still has the 3. 6L V6 and 6-Speed Automatic transmission, the Enclave is often praised for its subsequently vast cargo space while maintaining the relatively dynamic nature of unibody construction over the conventional body-on-frame. It is also praised for being one of the quietest vehicles available for sale in the United States, in its first year of production, the Enclave was often criticized for its 6-speed transmission, which was hesitant to downshift. For 2009, though, the powertrain is regarded as more competent with more abundant torque, for its entire production, it has been regarded as too heavy, weighing nearly 5,000 pounds with all-wheel-drive. Buicks VentiPorts have reappeared at the Enclaves introduction, a feature unique to Buick dating back to 1949. Initial sales of the Enclave have been strong, with demand far exceeding production capacity. The 2013 model features revised exterior styling including a new chrome grille, xenon headlights with LED running lights. Interior updates include a redesigned dashboard with more materials, wood and chrome accents, blue ambient lighting. Among safety features are seven standard airbags, including an industry-first front center airbag, sales in the United States and Canada began in 2007 during the 2008 model year. In 2008, General Motors began exporting the Enclave to China, the Buick brand has been relaunched in Mexico for the 2010 model year, bringing the Enclave to that market. With the introduction of the mid-size Buick Envision, the next generation Enclave is expected to move upmarket, competing with the Volvo XC90, Infiniti QX60, and Acura MDX
5. Buick Reatta – Assembly at the Reatta Craft Centre was performed at a series of stations each with a specialized team of workers, rather than on a conventional assembly line. After a team had completed their portion of the assembly, the car would be moved by robots to the next station, paintwork was performed on site under subcontract to PPG Industries. The Reatta used GMs transverse Buick 3800 V6 with 165–170 hp, the car sported a fully independent suspension,4 wheel disc brakes with ABS, and front wheel drive. Top speed was limited to 125 mph. The Reatta was rated at 18 mpg in the city and 27 mpg on the highway, the Reatta was intended as a halo car for Buick with projected production of 20,000 units a year. GM announced the end of production in early 1991, the Reatta featured twin bucket seats with a storage area behind the seats featuring two lockable bins and a lockable access hatch to the rear trunk. At introduction, options included 16-way power seats in lieu of 6-way power seats, side moldings in either black or body color, a sunroof became optional in late 1988, and in 1989 keyless entry was added as a standard feature. Later models were equipped with push button stereo and climate controls. In 1990, the interior was redesigned, adding a drivers airbag, each Reatta included a leather book containing the owners manual and pen. In 1990 and 1991, a zippered owners folio was included holding the owners manual, pen, flashlight, in 1988, approximately fifty five examples were designated Select Sixties and allocated to Buicks top sixty. The models, internally designated model X22, featured an exterior, tan interior. In 1990, the Select Sixty program was repeated, as sixty five white convertibles including special emblems, and a red interior with white bucket seats, white 16 inch wheels. When retracted, the top was protected by a rigid tonneau cover, the 1991 models featured power pull-down motors to assist in tightening the rear bow of the top to the tonneau cover. A convertible would not be offered again until the four-seat Buick Cascada debuted in 2016, production is said to have begun in January 1988 and ended on May 10,1991. However, various accounts of earlier and later cars exist. 1991 Buick Reatta sales brochure ReattaDriver. com Buick Reatta Club Enthusiast website Reattas. com The Reatta Farm website
6. Buick Skylark – The Buick Skylark is a passenger car produced by Buick. The model was made in six runs, during 46 years, over which the cars design varied dramatically due to changing technology and tastes. Nevertheless, many languished in dealer showrooms and were sold at discount. It appeared around the time as the Jaguar XK140. Only A/C was not offered, unnecessary in either convertible, importantly, the new Skylark featured Buicks new 322 in³ Nailhead V8 in place of the automakers longstanding straight 8, and a 12 volt electrical system, both division firsts. It debuted full-cutout wheel openings, a cue that spread to the main 1954 Buick line. Accenting its lowered, notched beltline was a new Sweepspear running almost the length of the vehicle. The 1953 Skylark was handmade in many respects, only stampings for the hood, trunk lid and a portion of the convertible tub were shared with the Roadmaster and Super convertibles. All Skylark tubs were finished with various amounts of lead filler, the inner doors were made by cutting the 2-door Roadmasters in two then welding the pieces back together at an angle to produce the rakish door dip. An overall more streamlined look was reinforced by cutting the windshield almost 3 inches shorter and lowering the side windows, seat frames and steering column were then dropped to provide proper headroom and driving position. Front leg room was 44.7 inches, authentic wire wheels were produced by Kelsey-Hayes, chromed everywhere except the plated and painted Skylark center emblem. The Skylark returned in 1954 with radically restyled styling unique to the Buick line, the trunk was sloped into a semi-barrel, and tail lights moved to large chromed fins projecting atop the rear fenders. Re-designated model 100, the car was based on the all-new shorter Century/Special series 40 chassis and not the larger series 60 Roadmaster/Super chassis, also all-new for 1954. Once again, all Skylarks were built as two-door convertibles and carried the same equipment as before. While smaller and lighter, the Skylark got a performance boost by retaining the big Buicks powertrain, the 1954 Skylark once again had unique sheetmetal stampings for its elongated wheel cutouts and new semi-barrel trunk, though fabrication was done without hand labor. The hood ornament was unique, adopted the year across the Buick product line. The Specials styling was influenced by the new corporate look shared with the larger LeSabre, Invicta. In the middle of the 1961 model year the Buick Special Skylark made its debut, effectively a luxury trim level, it was based on two-door sedan, it featured unique Skylark emblems, taillight housings, lower-body side moldings, turbine wheel covers, and a vinyl-covered roof
7. Cadillac CTS – The Cadillac CTS is a mid-size luxury car / executive car designed, engineered, manufactured and marketed by Cadillac, and now in its third generation. Wayne Cherry and Kip Wasenko designed the exterior of the first generation CTS, Bob Boniface and Robin Krieg designed the exterior of the third generation CTS. Introduced in January 2002 as a 2003 model, the CTS sedan was built on GMs new rear-wheel drive Sigma platform and it marked a return to RWD cars for the brand, and was the first Cadillac to be offered with a manual transmission since the 1988 Cimarron. The CTS was designed as a replacement for the Opel-based Catera, wayne Cherry and Kip Wasenko designed the exterior of the first generation CTS and this vehicle marked the production debut of the Art and Science design language first seen on the Evoq concept car. CTSs are manufactured at GMs Lansing Grand River plant in Lansing, the CTS was also assembled in China during 2006, and production was subsequently discontinued. Originally powered by a 3.2 L LA3 V6 producing 220 hp, the 3.2 L engine went out of production in 2005, when a new 2.8 L version of the DOHC V6 debuted in an entry-level version of the CTS. In Europe, the 2.8 L replaces the previous entry-level 2.6 L engine, the CTS was originally offered with either GMs in-house five-speed 5L40-E automatic transmission or a five-speed Getrag 260 manual transmission. For the 2005 model year, the Getrag was replaced with an Aisin AY-6 six-speed. In 2004, GM introduced the CTS-V, a performance version of the CTS intended to compete with luxury performance sedans like the BMW M3/M5, Audi S4/S6. As the LS6 was phased out, the 2006 and 2007 CTS-Vs received the 6. 0L LS2 V-8, on April 2,2006, in a 60 Minutes interview with Bob Lutz, part of a prototype Cadillac was revealed to audiences. The car featured interior and exterior design influences from the 2003 Cadillac Sixteen concept car, GM revealed the all-new 2008 CTS at the North American International Auto Show in January 2007. The 2008–2009 base model featured a 3.6 L LY7 V6 with 263 hp and 253 lb·ft of torque carried over from the previous generation, the 2010 base model featured a 3.0 L variable valve timing V6 with 270 hp and 252 lb·ft of torque. A second engine, a new 3.6 L direct-injection V6 VVT engine with 304 hp and 274 lb·ft of torque was also offered. A 6-speed manual transmission was standard equipment on the second generation CTS, on-demand all-wheel drive was offered with both engines when equipped with an automatic transmission. Suspension, braking, and steering improvements from the previous generation CTS-V were designed into the new standard CTS, the second generation CTS was wider and longer than the original, measuring 191.6 in long,72.5 in wide and 58 in in height. Wheelbase remained unchanged at 113.4 in, but with a wider track of 61.8 /62.0 inches. Available features on the second-gen CTS included a Bose 5, in 2008, the General Motors chose the CTS to re-launch the Cadillac brand in Australia and New Zealand. However, in early 2009, amidst the financial crisis
8. Cadillac Eldorado – The Cadillac Eldorado is a personal luxury car that was manufactured and marketed by Cadillac from 1953 to 2002 over ten generations. Competitors and similar vehicles included the Lincoln Mark series, Buick Riviera, Oldsmobile Toronado, the Eldorado was at or near the top of the Cadillac line during early model years. Eldorados carried the Fleetwood designation from 1965 through 1972, and was a revival of the pre-war Cadillac V-12 and Cadillac V16 roadsters. Cadillac began using the nameplates Eldorado Seville and Eldorado Biarritz to distinguish between the hardtop and convertible models while both were offered, from 1956 through 1960 inclusively, the Seville name was dropped when the hardtop was initially discontinued, but the Biarritz name continued through 1964. Beginning 1965, the Eldorado became the Fleetwood Eldorado, Biarritz returned as an up level trim package for the Eldorado for 1977. A special-bodied, low-production convertible, it was the version of the 1952 El Dorado Golden Anniversary concept car. Convertible tops were available in black or white Orlon. AC was an option, as were wire wheels, the car carried no special badging other than a gold-colored Eldorado nameplate in the center of the dash. A hard tonneau cover, flush with the deck, hid the convertible top in the open car version. Although technically a subseries of the Cadillac Series 62 based on the regular Series 62 convertible, sharing its engine, it was nearly twice as expensive at US$7,750. The 220.8 inches long,80.1 inches wide vehicle came with standard features as windshield washers, a signal seeking radio, power windows. The Eldorado comprised only. 5% of Cadillacs sales in 1953, in 1954, Eldorado lost its unique sheet metal and shared its basic body shell with standard Cadillacs. Distinguished now mainly by trim pieces, this allowed GM to lower the price, the Eldorados had golden identifying crests centered directly behind the air-slot fenderbreaks and wide fluted beauty panels to decorate the lower rear bodysides. These panels were made of extruded aluminum and also appeared on a one of a kind Eldorado coupé built for the Reynolds Aluminum Corporation. Also included in the production Eldorado convertible were monogram plates on the doors, wire wheels, two thousand one hundred and fifty Eldorados were sold, nearly four times as many as in 1953. For 1955, the Eldorados body gained its own rear end styling with high, slender and these contrasted with the rather thick, bulbous fins which were common at the time and were an example of the Eldorado once again pointing the way forward. The Eldorado sport convertible featured extras such as wide chrome body belt moldings, for 1956, a two-door hardtop coupé version appeared, called the Eldorado Seville at which point the convertible was named the Eldorado Biarritz. An Eldorado script finally appeared with fender crest on the car which was distinguished by twin hood ornaments
9. Cadillac SRX – The Cadillac SRX is a mid-size luxury crossover SUV that was produced by Cadillac from 2004 to 2015. The second generation SRX was Cadillacs best selling model in the United States, engine options include the 255 hp High-Feature V6 and the 4.6 L320 hp Northstar V8. It is based on the GM Sigma platform and comes with a five or six-speed automatic transmission, rear-wheel drive and four-wheel drive, an all-leather interior and curtain side airbags are standard in both models. Heated front seats and wood trim are standard in the V8. DVD, sunroof, navigation system, and a power foldable third-row seat are all available options, the base price is US$38,880 for the V6 and US$45,880 for the V8 version. The SRX won Car and Drivers Five Best Trucks luxury SUV award for 2004,2005 and 2006 and was nominated for the North American Truck of the Year award for 2004, for 2007, a sport package was an available option. The first generation SRX never had the V Series performance model available, the first generation SRX was available through the 2009 model year. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety found the 2005-08 SRX worst in its class for driver fatalities with a rate of 63 compared to its class average of 23. For the 2010 model year, Cadillac introduced an all-new SRX based on the Provoq concept vehicle, the production used its own unique platform with ties to Epsilon II. The V8 has been dropped for this generation, the second generation SRX began production in Summer 2009 as a 2010 model, and has a starting price of $34,155. The SRX was officially unveiled in January 2009 and it was launched with the choice of a 3.0 liter V6 with direct injection derived from the 3.6 liter unit in the Cadillac CTS, or a 2.8 liter turbocharged V6. In January 2011, General Motors discontinued production of the 2.8 liter turbo-charged V6 engine in the SRX, less than 10 percent of SRX buyers opted for the turbo-charged engine. This left the naturally aspirated 3.0 liter V6 as the engine available for the 2011 model year. For 2012, a 3.6 liter V6 with E85 flex-fuel capability will be offered in the turbo V6s place, as of the 2013 model year, all trim levels of the SRX receive an infotainment system marketed as the Cadillac User Experience. 2016 was the last model year for the SRX as Cadillac replaced it with the XT5 which went on sale in the spring of 2016 as a 2017 model. The automaker said the fuel-filler lid and owners manual warn that the engine should not be worked hard if regular fuel is used, Cadillac SRX4, Only a woman could drive this
10. Cadillac STS – The Cadillac STS is a mid-sized luxury four-door notchback sedan manufactured and sold by Cadillac from 2004–2013. It was equipped with an automatic transmission with performance algorithm shifting. The STS was the successor to the Cadillac Seville, which beginning in 1988 was available as an upscale performance-oriented STS version, and comfort-oriented SLS. The next year, the STS received Cadillacs then-new Northstar System, the STS was Cadillacs highest-priced sedan, falling in size between the mid-size CTS and full-size DTS. The Cadillac STS was rated with a four star frontal and five star rear passenger crash test rating from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. It was given an overall Good score in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety frontal crash test, in the side impact test injury measurements to the drivers pelvis was rated Poor and for the torso Acceptable. The front wheel drive Seville model name was retired in 2004, the first Cadillac sedan to be offered with All wheel drive, it retained the Sevilles high-performance Magnetic Ride Control suspension. The Cadillac STS was assembled at GMs Lansing Grand River facility in Lansing, Michigan along with the smaller CTS sedan. Available engines were a 3.6 L High Feature LY7 V6 with 255 hp and 252 lb·ft, All engine models feature dual overhead camshafts with variable valve timing. Overall length was down 5 to 196.3, yet wheelbase grew by 4 to 116.4 in, a heads-up display was optional, as was a 300-watt Bose stereo system with MP3 capability. Base pricing started at US$40,995, rising to US$52,240 for the AWD V8 model, the 2006 V-series STS-V was introduced at the 2005 Detroit Auto Show. It features a supercharged 4.4 L version of the Northstar V8 and this engine is certified by the SAE to produce 469 hp and 439 lb·ft. The model was discontinued in 2009, the STS was updated for 2008. Changes included an exterior, with styling cues resembling the 2008 CTS, such as larger, more aggressive grille. The standard powertrain was a direct-injected 3.6 L V6 mated to an automatic transmission. Additionally, options previously limited to the V8 model were available with the V6, the 2008 Cadillac STS debuted at the 2007 New York Auto Show. A2010 update for the STS removed the GM badges, although early 2010 models still retained GM badging, for 2011, the V8 was entirely dropped from the Cadillac STS lineup. The Chinese market received the Cadillac SLS in November 2006 for the 2007 model year and it was assembled by Shanghai GM