Category:Vice-Presidents of Egypt
Pages in category "Vice-Presidents of Egypt"
The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Vice-President of Egypt – The Vice-President of the Arab Republic of Egypt was a senior official within the Egyptian government. Five of the councils 11 members were Vice-Presidents of Egypt, according to article 139 of the 1971 Constitution, the President may appoint one or more Vice-Presidents define their jurisdiction and relieve them of their posts. The rules relating to the calling to account of the President of the Republic shall be applicable to the Vice-Presidents, the Constitution gave broad authority to the President to determine the number of Vice-Presidents, as well as their appointment, dismissal and duties of office. The 2012 Constitution does not include the position of Vice-President, with the adoption of the 2012 Constitution on 26 December 2012, the office of Vice-President was abolished. Mahmoud Mekki was the last person to hold the office before the adoption of the 2012 Constitution and he was sworn in on 14 July. On 14 August 2013, following a violent crackdown by security forces on supporters of deposed President Morsi, in more than 800 people were killed. Much like the 2012 Constitution, the 2014 Constitution does not include the position of Vice-President, with the adoption of the 2014 Constitution, the office of Vice-President was abolished again. Mohamed ElBaradei was the last person to hold the office until he resigned on 14 August 2013 and this list contains Vice-Presidents of United Arab Republic and Arab Republic of Egypt. El-Gawady, Mohamed, Cabinets during period of Revolution Hafez, Salah, Democracy Shock http, //nasser. bibalex. org/Days/DaysAll. aspx. CS=1&x=5
2. Abdel Hakim Amer – Mohamed Abdel Hakim Amer was an Egyptian general and political leader. Amer was born in Astal, Samallot, in the Al Minya Governorate on 11 December 1919, after finishing grade school, he attended the Cairo Military Academy and graduated in 1938. He was commissioned into the Egyptian Army in 1939, Amer served in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, took part in the 1952 Revolution and commanded the Egyptian Army in the Suez Crisis, the North Yemen Civil War and the Six-Day War. Amer played a role in the military coup that overthrew King Farouk in 1952. The following year, Amer was made Egypts Chief-of-Staff, bypassing four military ranks, in 1956, Amer was appointed commander-in-chief of the joint military command established by Egypt and Syria. He also led Egyptian forces against both Israeli and allied British-French forces during the 1956 Suez war, after the fighting ended, Amer accused Nasser of provoking an unnecessary war and then blaming the military for the result. As Nassers representative in Syria, Amer was detained by rebels during the 1961 Syrian coup détat, in March 1964, Amer was made first vice-president to Nasser and deputy supreme commander, with the power to rule for 60 days if the president was incapacitated. Amers distinguished career came to an end after Egypts crushing defeat by Israel in the Six-Day War of June 1967. Many historians have stated that much the Egyptian militarys failures in the 1967 war can be laid at the feet of Amer, when Amer heard of the fall of Abu Ageila to Israel, he panicked and ordered all units in the Sinai to retreat. This order effectively meant the defeat of Egypt, shortly after the Six Day War ended, he was relieved of all his duties and forced into early retirement. In August that year, Amer, along with over 50 Egyptian military officers and he was kept under house arrest at his villa in Giza. After surviving and being taken home the day, he managed to evade his guards. Later, Cairo radio announced his burial in his village of Astal. Amer chose the option and received a full military burial. Anwar Al Sadat, who later became President of Egypt, expressed his opinion if he was in Amers position. In September 2012, Amers family filed a case to investigate his death and they claimed that he was murdered. Abdel Hakim Amer was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on 13 May 1964, malaysia, Honorary Grand Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm
3. Abdel Latif Boghdadi (politician) – Abdel Latif Boghdadi or Abd el-Latif el-Baghdadi was an Egyptian politician, senior air force officer, and judge. An original member of the Free Officers Movement which overthrew the monarchy in Egypt in the 1952 Revolution, the French author Jean Lacouture called Boghdadi a robust manager who only lacked stature comparable to Nassers. Boghdadi was born in El Mansoura on 20 September 1917 and he is known to have excelled at Egypts military academy in 1938 and, later on, its air force academy. Boghdadi later became one of the ten members of the Free Officers Movement. During the 1952 revolution led by the Free Officers, Boghdadi commanded jet fighter units to circle around Cairo to prevent possible outside interference in the coup against King Farouk, Boghdadi also became a member of the Egyptian Revolutionary Command Council. In 1953, he was appointed inspector-general of the revolutions first political organization, when Naguib was removed from his post and arrested in late 1954, Nasser was still prime minister and transferred Boghdadi to municipal affairs minister. During this time, he was responsible for the construction of the Nile Corniche road in Cairo, for this reason Boghdadi was sometimes referred to sarcastically by his rivals as Abdel Rassif al-Boghdadi, rassif meaning pavement in Arabic. Nasser refused and put Boghdadi in charge of organizing Egyptian resistance along the canal, after the Suez War, he was appointed general administrator for reconstruction of the canal area and according to author Said Aburish, performed admirably. Boghdadi was elected as Speaker of the First National Assembly, Boghdadi accompanied Nasser on his trip to Damascus on 24 February 1958, after the unification of Syria and Egypt to form the United Arab Republic. His role in the new republic was, along with Amer, in this period in the early 1960s Boghdadi held the additional post of planning minister. In 1962, shortly after the UARs collapse, Nasser adopted a more Soviet -style economic system for Egypt to which Boghdadi disapproved and he was utterly opposed to the extensive socialist measures and the new system altogether. He declared his resignation, claiming Nassers behavior amounted to a loss of direction, Boghdadi also preferred closer relations with the United States, rather than the USSR. Boghdadi submitted his resignation again on 16 May 1964, after disagreeing with Nassers decision to send Egyptian troops to North Yemen to support Nassers partisans in the civil war and he referred to the war as Nassers Vietnam. Boghdadi also wanted a more circumspect policy of Egypt first, in response to his resignation, Nasser put Boghdadis brother Saad under house arrest and prevented his brother-in-law from traveling to the United Kingdom to complete his doctorate. Nasser also claimed Boghdadi was implicated in illegal Muslim Brotherhood activities, as a result of the fallout, Boghdadi withdrew from political life, although the rift between him and Nasser was reconciled before 1970. According to Nassers close associates, Nasser requested Boghdadi rejoin the government, due to Boghdadis previous resignation concerning the close relationship to the USSR, he asked Nasser at first hand the nature of the new Egypt-Soviet informal alliance. They both agreed that Boghdadi visit the USSR alone to ensure there were not any differences in perception of what the new relationship between the two countries meant, Boghdadi opposed Sadats peace treaty with Israel in 1978, as did all the other then-living former RCC members. On 8 September 1999 Boghdadi was hospitalized for complications from liver cancer and he was pronounced dead at the age of 81 the next day
4. Mohamed ElBaradei – Mohamed Mustafa ElBaradei is an Egyptian law scholar and diplomat who was the last Vice-President of Egypt serving on an interim basis from 14 July 2013 until his resignation on 14 August 2013. He was the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency and he and the IAEA were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005. ElBaradei was born and raised in Cairo, Egypt and he was one of five children of Mostafa ElBaradei, an attorney who headed the Egyptian Bar Association. ElBaradeis father was also a supporter of democratic rights in Egypt, supporting a free press, ElBaradei is married to Aida El-Kachef, an early-childhood teacher. They have two children, a daughter, Laila, who is a living in London, and a son, Mostafa. They also have two granddaughters, Maya and Nina, a native speaker of Arabic, ElBaradei is also fluent in English and French, and knows enough German to get by, at least in Vienna. His thesis was titled The right of passage through straits in time of peace, from 1974 to 1978, he was a special assistant to the foreign minister. In 1980, he became a fellow in charge of the International Law Program at the United Nations Institute for Training. From 1981 to 1987, he was also a professor of international law at the New York University School of Law. In 1984, ElBaradei became a staff member of the IAEA Secretariat, serving as the agencys legal adviser. ElBaradei is currently a member of both the International Law Association and the American Society of International Law, ElBaradei began to serve as Director General of the IAEA, which is based in Vienna, on 1 December 1997, succeeding Hans Blix of Sweden. He was re-elected for two more terms in 2001 and in 2005. His third and last term ended in November 2009, ElBaradeis tenure has been marked by high-profile, non-proliferation issues, which include the inspections in Iraq preceding the March 2003 invasion, and tensions over the nuclear program of Iran. When in office, ElBaradei launched a program to establish integrated safeguards combining the IAEA’s comprehensive safeguard agreements with the newly adopted Additional Protocol and we should work together to ensure that, by the year 2000, all states have concluded outstanding-safeguards agreements and also the Additional Protocol. ElBaradei repeated this call through his years as the Director General of the IAEA, in November 2009,93 countries had Additional Protocols in force. ElBaradei’s first term ended in November 2001, just two months after the terrorist attacks of 9/11 and these attacks made clear that more needed to be done to protect nuclear material and installations from theft or a terrorist attack. One of the issues during ElBaradei’s second term as the director general of the IAEA was the agency’s inspections in Iraq. ElBaradei disputed the U. S. rationale for the 2003 invasion of Iraq from the time of the 2002 Iraq disarmament crisis, ElBaradei told the UN Security Council in March 2003 that documents purporting to show that Iraq had tried to acquire uranium from Niger were not authentic
5. Kamal el-Din Hussein – Kamal El-Din Hussein was a member of the Egyptian Free Officers who overthrew King Farouk. Kamal El-Din Hussein was born in 1921 in Banha, Qalyubia and he was admitted to Military college in 1937. In 1938 he received the degree of military science from Military Academy. He served in the artillery unit in the Western Desert. He was later a member of the Free Officers and was appointed member of the Egyptian Revolutionary Command Council after the 1952 Revolution. During the presidency of Gamal Abdel Nasser he was appointed Minister of Social Affairs in 1954 and he led the National Guard to defend Ismailia during the Suez War. In 1964 he resigned from his post as Vice President and minister of local governments. His main reason was the Egyptian intervention in the Yemen War, during Anwar El-Sadats presidency he was elected in 1971 to the Peoples Assembly. After criticizing Sadats government, he was dismissed from the Peoples assembly in 1978, in 1983 he made a tour with Yasser Arafat through Arab countries to end hostilities between different Palestinian factions throughout the Arab world. Kamal El-Din Hussein was diagnosed with liver cancer and his funeral was attended by the then Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak
6. Hassan Ibrahim – Hassan Ibrahim was an Egyptian Air Force officer and one of the founders of the Free Officers movement. He was a graduate of the Air Force Academy in Egypt, in 1952, Ibrahim served as an Air Force group captain. He was one of the three judges, who tried the members of the Brotherhood after their attempted assassination attack against then president Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1954, the other three judges were Anwar Sadat and Abdel Latif Boghdadi. The same year he was among the officers who arrested Mohammed Naguib, Ibrahim was also appointed minister for presidential affairs in 1954. Two years later, in 1956, Ibrahim became the head of the Egyptian economy agency, after dealing with business for a while, in February 1964, he was appointed as one of seven vice presidents of Nasser. Ibrahim resigned from office in 1966 due to Nassers request to end his relationship with a woman, Ibrahim was among five military officers who formed the first cell of the Free Officers movement in July or September 1949. In addition, Ibrahim was one of the leadership group of the Free Officers movement. The movement led the 1952 Revolution, then Ibrahim became a member of the 14-member Revolution Command Council that was charged with the running of Egypt following the success of the revolution. Malaysia, Honorary Grand Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm
7. Nur al-Din Kahala – Nur al-Din Kahala was a Syrian politician during the United Arab Republic period. Prior to the UAR period, Kahala served as a government bureaucrat. He served alongside vice presidents Abdel Hakim Amer and Abdel Latif Boghdadi, on 20 September he was appointed the additional post of Planning Minister. He accompanied Nasser on a tour of Syrian cities in February