Category:Viking treasure troves
Pages in category "Viking treasure troves"
The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Galloway Hoard – Found on Church of Scotland land, the hoard has been described by experts as one of the most significant Viking hoards ever found in Scotland. It was discovered by a metal detector enthusiast who reported the find to the authorities, a county archaeologist carried out an excavation which revealed the presence of a variety of jewellery from various parts of the Viking world. It is thought that the hoard was buried some time in the mid-ninth or tenth century and its value is estimated to be approximately £1 million. The hoard was discovered at a location on pastureland owned by the Church of Scotland. It was found by Derek McLennan, a metal detectorist from Ayrshire and he was accompanied by two churchmen, Rev Dr. David Bartholomew and Pastor Mike Smith, who were also metal detector enthusiasts. The trio had permission to search the site, which McLennan had been investigating for more than a year, and he found a silver object and he ran over to Bartholomew, shouting Viking. It was not his first discovery, in 2013, McLennan had discovered Scotlands largest hoard of silver coins near Twynholm. The find was reported to Scotlands Treasure Trove Unit and a county archaeologist, Andrew Nicholson and they dug further and found a collection of artefacts at a depth of 60 cm. When the artefacts had been removed, McLennan carried out a search with his metal detector and found a second level of the hoard. Among the finds was an early Christian silver cross, Bartholomew said, It was tremendously exciting, especially when we noticed the silver cross lying face-downwards. It was poking out from under the pile of silver ingots and decorated arm-rings and it was a heart-stopping moment when the local archaeologist turned it over to reveal rich decoration on the other side. The hoard consists of a variety of gold and silver objects including armbands, a Christian cross, brooches, ingots, the items among the treasure originated across a wide geographic area that includes Ireland, Scandinavia, and central Europe. They were produced throughout a period of time–perhaps a couple of centuries–and the treasure was deposited in the mid-ninth or tenth centuries. The hoard has some similarities with other Viking finds, but its mixture of gold, silver, glass, enamel, the pot was one of the older items in the hoard and may have been more than 100 years old by the time it was deposited. It was made of an alloy and was found wrapped in the remains of a cloth, with its lid still in place. It contains more objects and was examined using X-rays in November 2014 before being opened and emptied, the vessel may have been an heirloom owned by the family that buried the hoard. The silver cross may have come from Dublin and is engraved with decorations on each of the four arms. The site was put under 24-hour security and a farmer put his biggest bull in the field to deter intruders
2. Silverdale Hoard – The Silverdale Hoard is a collection of over 200 pieces of silver jewellery and coins discovered near Silverdale, Lancashire, England, in September 2011. The items were deposited together in and under a lead container buried about 16 inches underground which was found in a field by a metal detectorist. It is believed to date to around AD900, a time of conflict between the Anglo-Saxons and the Danish settlers of northern England. The hoard is one of the largest Viking hoards ever discovered in the UK and it has been purchased by Lancashire Museums Service and has been displayed at Lancaster City Museum and the Museum of Lancashire in Preston. It is particularly significant for its inclusion of a coin stamped with the name of a previously unknown Viking ruler and his wife had given him the detector the previous Christmas as a present, and he was taking a short time off to try his luck before heading to work. According to Webster, the minute I found I knew what it was or had a good idea what it was. He realised immediately that it was more than likely Viking, the find was reported to the Portable Antiquities Schemes local Finds Liaison Officer and the items were taken to the British Museum for weighing, analysing, cataloguing and cleaning. Together they weigh a little over two pounds, the hoard includes Arabic, Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Viking and Viking coins. They date to around AD900 and include coins of Alfred the Great, some of the other items appear to have been intended for personal ornamentation, perhaps to indicate the owners rank. The arm bands would have given by a leader to a warrior as a reward for services rendered. One of the bands is particularly notable for its combination of Irish, Anglo-Saxon. One coin of a previously unknown design carries the name AIRDECONUT and this appears to be a rendition of the Scandinavian name Harthacnut. The reverse has the letters DNS REX arranged in the form of a cross and its design is related to coins issued by the Northumbrian Viking rulers Sigfroðr and Knútr, who may have ruled the kingdom jointly between 895 and 905. The name Airdeconut is previously unrecorded and appears to refer to an otherwise unknown Viking ruler and he is believed to be the first newly identified medieval ruler in England in the last fifty years, and the first new Viking king to be identified since 1840. Another important coin is a penny of about 900–902 which is inscribed ALVVALDVS on the obverse. This is believed to refer to Æthelwold, a son of Alfreds elder brother, after Alfreds death in 899, he attempted to claim the throne, and then fled to Northumbria, where he was accepted as a king. Æthelwold was killed at the Battle of the Holme in 902, the hoard is the largest Viking treasure found in the UK since the discovery of the Vale of York Hoard in 2007 and is the fourth-largest Viking hoard found in the UK. It has striking similarities with the much larger Cuerdale Hoard, found in 1840 about 40 miles away and it would have been worth a considerable amount at the time, perhaps the equivalent of a herd of sheep or cattle
3. Spillings Hoard – The Spillings Hoard is the worlds largest Viking silver treasure, found on Friday 16 July 1999 in a field at the Spilling farm northwest of Slite, on northern Gotland, Sweden. The silver hoard consisted of two parts with a weight of 67 kg before conservation and consisted of, among other things,14,295 coins most of which were Islamic from other countries. A third deposition containing over 20 kg of bronze scrap-metal was also found, the three caches had been hidden under the floorboards of a Viking outhouse sometime during the 9th century. On Friday 16 July 1999, a team of reporters from the Swedish television TV4 were in the socken of Othem on Gotland to film a feature from Almedalen Week. Spillings farm was selected for the filming since about 150 silver coins, with filming complete, Ström and Jonsson decided to continue their survey of the field. Twenty minutes after the TV-crew had left, they heard a strong signal from their metal detector, a couple of hours later and only 3 metres from the first find, they received another signal from the detector, The display blinked overload and then it turned itself off. However, instead of keeping the find a secret, the Gotland Museum decided to go public with the find immediately, during the first weekend, over 2,000 people visited the excavation site. Some days later, the metal detector indicated a third metal cache approximately 1.5 metres from the first find, the archaeologists concentrated on uncovering the two first finds before starting with the third. Due to the size of the hoards and the fragility of the objects, only when they tried to lift the finds out of the soil did the archaeologists realize how heavy the hoards were. The smaller weighed 27 kg and the larger one 40 kg, an attempt to X-ray the finds at the local hospital failed because they contained so much silver that the X-ray plates remained blank. The larger find was intact but the smaller had been damaged by a plough and it was therefore concluded that the treasure had originally been even larger. With the two first caches taken care of, the deposition was excavated almost a year after the first discovery. It contained over 20 kg of bronze scrap-metal, most of which had partially melted into a cake. This find was deemed more valuable since very few finds contain such large amounts of bronze intended for smelting. Additional excavations were conducted in the summer of 2000 and in 2003-06, remnants of wood, iron rivets and mounts as well as a lock mechanism were found, leading to the conclusion that the caches had been stored in chests. Carbon dating showed that the building had been in use between 540 and 1040, the foundations and the remaining postholes indicated a regular Viking Age structure, about 10 by 15 m with a slanting sedge-covered roof, much like other similar finds on Gotland. It had been built on an older Iron Age foundation, the silver deposits were roughly square-shaped with rounded corners, about 40 cm to 45 cm ×50 cm, suggesting that they had been in sacks of cloth, leather or pelt, inside boxes or chests of wood. In the bronze deposit were found pieces of wood and iron, such as fittings, ironwork, nails
4. Vale of York Hoard – The Vale of York Hoard, also known as the Harrogate Hoard and the Vale of York Viking Hoard, is a 10th-century Viking hoard of 617 silver coins and 65 other items. It was found undisturbed in 2007 near the town of Harrogate in North Yorkshire, the hoard was the largest Viking one discovered in Britain since 1840, when the Cuerdale hoard was found in Lancashire, though the Anglo-Saxon Staffordshire Hoard, found in 2009, is larger. On 6 January 2007, David Whelan, a businessman from Leeds, and his son Andrew. The Whelans told BBC News they have been metal detecting as a hobby for about five years and they found the hoard in an empty field that had not yet been ploughed for spring sowing. Later the field was searched but no evidence of a settlement or structure was found, about 30 cm underneath the soil, after parts of a lead chest that had been discovered were excavated, a silver bowl fell from the side of the dig. When it was examined on the ground, coins and scraps of silver were visible, the Whelans reported the find to Amy Cooper, Finds Liaison Officer of the Portable Antiquities Scheme, this was one of the first finds reported to Cooper. The pair were commended for displaying exemplary behaviour in not unpacking all the objects from the bowl, the hoard was transferred to the British Museum, where conservators excavated each find to preserve the objects and contextual information. The discovery was announced on 19 July 2007, the find will be valued by the Independent Treasure Valuation Committee for the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. The hoard consists of 617 silver coins and 65 other items, including ornaments, ingots and these items were hidden in a gilt silver vessel lined with gold which is thought to possibly be an ecclesiastical vessel from Northern France either plundered or given as tribute. Vines, leaves, and six running animals decorate the cup, the cup is so closely paralleled by the Halton Moor cup, conserved in the British Museum, that both must be from the same Carolingian workshop and were produced in the mid-ninth century. The vessel was buried in a lead chest, a rare gold arm ring, and hacksilver were also found. The hoard had been protected by lead sheeting of some kind, the coins date from the late 9th and early 10th centuries, providing a terminus post quem for dating the hoard. Another brief period of Viking rule in Northumbria also followed Athelstan’s death in 939, it lasted until the expulsion and murder of the Viking king of Jórvík, Eric Bloodaxe, gareth Williams, curator of early medieval coins at the British Museum, examined the artifacts. The independent Treasure Valuation Committee valued the hoard at £1,082,000, the hoard was purchased jointly by York Museums Trust, and the British Museum with funding from the National Heritage Memorial Fund, The Art Fund and The British Museum Friends. From 17 September 2009 items from the hoard were on display in the Yorkshire Museum, York, the hoard was then taken to the British Museum for further conservation work and was returned to the Yorkshire Museum for its reopening following a major refurbishment on 1 August 2010. The hoard was used in the British Museums Vikings exhibition from 6 March to 22 June 2014, list of hoards in Britain Bedale Hoard Media related to Vale of York Hoard at Wikimedia Commons Viking Hoard. In Pictures, Vale of York Hoard, the Vale of York Hoard on History of York. The Vale of York Hoard Portable Antiquities Scheme record number SWYOR-AECB53, the Vale of York Hoard on the Portable Antiquities Scheme photostream on Flickr
5. Bedale Hoard – The Bedale Hoard is a hoard of forty-eight silver and gold items dating from the late 9th to early 10th century AD and includes necklaces, arm-bands, a sword pommel, hacksilver and ingots. It was discovered on 22 May 2012 in a field near Bedale, following a successful public funding campaign, the hoard was acquired by the Yorkshire Museum for £50,000. The hoard contains forty-eight items of silver and gold and was declared as treasure under the Treasure Act 1996, the large, iron sword pommel survived along with the guard, four gold hoops from the hilt and six gold rivets. The form of the pommel is typical of Petersens late 9th-century type L, silver is far more usual as a decoration on sword pommels of this date and the extensive use of gold foil on the present find is unique. The largest neck collar from the hoard consists of four twisted cables of silver, each a different size, the outermost cable consists of six thick, plaited rods and the inner three hollow ropes each consists only of three coiled strands of double-twisted rods. Whilst the individual components of the collar can be paralleled, this West Viking variant is unique, international trade associated with this hoard is best demonstrated by the Permian style ring fragment, a type imported from Russia during the early part of the Viking period. Two complete six-plait cable neck-rings are also present in the hoard, as is a triple-strand neck-ring cut into half, twenty-nine ingots of silver were found with the hoard, many of which have testing-nicks. Three have crosses incised upon them and they range from 40 to 146 grams in weight. The hoard represents the scale of international connections in the Early Medieval period, with Russian and Irish influences among the Anglo-Saxon, the lack of coinage in this hoard shows the bullion-weight economy in use in the late 9th-century AD. It is earlier than both the Cuerdale Hoard and the Vale of York Hoard, list of hoards in Great Britain Anglo-Saxon art Kingdom of Northumbria Vale of York Hoard Cuerdale Hoard
6. Penrith Hoard – The Penrith Hoard is a dispersed hoard of 10th century silver penannular brooches found at Flusco Pike, Newbiggin Moor, Near Penrith in Cumbria, and now in the British Museum in London. The largest thistle brooch was discovered in 1785 and another in 1830, whether all the finds made close to each other were originally deposited at the same time remains uncertain, but it is thought likely that at least the brooches were. The brooches are thought to have deposited in about 930. The earliest surviving finds were discovered in what was called the Silver Field on Newbiggin Moor by a small boy in 1785. In 1830 another smaller thistle brooch was found, although the exact find spot is not known, this brooch is strongly suspected to have also come from the Silver Field. The usual reason for a hoard being disbursed is that routine farming operations like ploughing can move some items of a single hoard before they are discovered. Later archaeological investigations in 1989 at the same spot revealed other silver items that confirmed that this was a dispersed hoard and not a solitary loss of one brooch. The brooches were declared to be treasure trove at an inquest held in Penrith on 23 July 1990, when the Vikings began to raid and settle the British Isles, they took to wearing these brooches, but now in plain silver. The thistle and bossed types represented in the hoard were the most popular styles and it has been speculated that the hoard, with items strongly suggesting an Irish connection, is connected with the events of 927, a date which matches the style of the finds. In that year the kings of Strathclyde and Scotland came south to Penrith to pay homage to Athelstan, also in the area with his army was the troublesome Norse-Gael king of Dublin, Gofraid ua Ímair, or Gothfrith. Athelstan made the kings, who had apparently been associating with pagan Vikings like Gothrith, renounce idolatry, after briefly making himself king of Northumbria there, he was chased out and replaced by Athelstan later in the year, and went back to Ireland. At some point during these manoevres the hoards may have been deposited, the large thistle brooch soon passed to the Leverian Museum, a private museum in Leicester Square in London. In 1787 a print of it was published, claiming that it was the insignia of the Knights Templar and it was bought by the British Museum in 1909. The brooch discovered in 1830, the largest in the illustrated, entered the museum in 1904. One terminal is missing, and the pin is 52 cm long, in 1989 two further incomplete thistle brooches and pieces from three bossed-type brooches were found, which are seen with the 1830 brooch in the group illustration above. The most complete of the 1989 group has a runic futhark scratched on the reverse of the hoop, the other two have interlace around the bosses on the terminals. It is thought likely that all these brooches were originally deposited together and have dispersed and damaged by ploughing. Graham-Campbell, James, The Northern Hoards, in, Higham, edward the Elder, 899-924,2001, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-21496-3, ISBN 978-0-415-21496-4 Richardson, Ben
7. Randlev and Hesselbjerg – Artifacts were found in the vicinity of the Hesselbjerg and Randlev sites as early as 1932 when a local farmer discovered a silver hoard, but serious excavations were not conducted until 1963. These excavations ended in 1970, however, Moesgård Museum returned to the site in 1997, the Hesselbjerg family farm came into the archaeological spotlight in 1962 when Viking-Age bronze jewelry was found in the field by metal detector hobbyists. The Moesgård Museum, an archaeological and ethnographic museum from the city of Aarhus, took over and this yielded more finds including three small iron amulets gathered in a ring, Thors hammer, sickle, and a fire striker. Beyond the finds of these objects, a large Viking-Age cemetery, at that time,48 Viking graves were uncovered, some of which contained extremely well-preserved skeletons. The cemetery itself is located on a narrow, sandy, and these finds were taken to Mosegård Museum and the excavation ceased in 1970 due to a lack of funding. With renewed financial support, excavation resumed in 1997 and by 1999 approximately 2300 square meters were uncovered, of the 104 graves,79 were inhumation burials and 25 were cremation burials. This variation in burial styles is not unusual—Viking burial practices were quite diverse, cremation graves usually consist of pits in which the burnt skeletal remains are found amidst the remainder of the funeral pyre. In a few instances, traces of decayed coffins were found outlining the skeletons in the graves, the burial site is now considered the largest one of the time period, stretching from the year 800 A. D. until the middle of the 10th century. The finds from the excavation in the nineties included knives, iron belt buckles, whetstones, pottery, a key, another small Thors hammer made of iron, a single pit contained numerous glass and amber beads and an elaborately decorated bronze gilt belt buckle. The cemetery exhibits several characteristics that are unusual for Viking Age burial locations. Over 80% of those interred in the cemetery were women—although it is common for women than men to be buried in cemeteries. Potential explanations for this include the idea that many men from Randlev may have died while raiding or trading with other countries. The average life-expectancy in the Viking Age was 39 years for men and 42 years for women, most of those buried at Hesselbjerg cemetery were of the age group 35–55. The bones show signs that people were hard-working laborers. Generally the dental health was poor, many skeletons were missing teeth or had multiple cavities, in 2009 and 2010, strontium analysis was applied to 18 skeletons from the cemetery. This process compares background radiation an individual was exposed to over the course of their lifetime stored in their bones, based on this analysis,11 of this sample were born and raised in Denmark. The others were foreigners with at least three of them showing Swedish and Polish heritage. One skeleton in particular was selected to be extensively scientifically analyzed, the woman was determined to have died in the 10th century at approximately 42 years of age
8. Hacksilver – Hacksilver, or Hack-silver, is fragments of cut and bent silver items treated as bullion, either for ease of carrying before melting down for re-use, or simply used as currency by weight. It was common among the Norsemen or Vikings, as a result of both their raiding and trade, an example of the related Viking weighing scale with weights was found on the Isle of Gigha. Hacksilver may be derived from silver tableware, Roman or Byzantine, church plate and silver such as reliquaries or book-covers. Hoards may typically include a mixture of hacksilver, coins, ingots, hoards of hacksilver are also well known in pre and post-coinage antiquity, in European and Near Eastern contexts. The widespread adoption of Greek silver coinages by c, thompson, in her analyses of the hacksilver pieces, relates this textual evidence to lead isotope ratios that have ore signatures matching Sardinian ores. This is the first recognized material evidence linking the two regions in this critical period, the same hacksilver hoards have provided the first recognized provenance-evidence for far-reaching contact between Europe and Asia related to the prehistoric trafficking of metals. The 4th or 5th century hoard of Traprain Law consists of four silver coins and over 53 pounds of sliced-up Late Roman silver tableware, whether this was handed over by Romans to the Pictish occupants of the site, or the products of raids on Roman Britain, is unclear. The Vale of York hoard includes over 617 silver coins and hacksilver, the Cuerdale Hoard includes 8,600 items, silver coins and hacksilver. The Skaill Hoard, the largest Viking Age silver hoard found in Scotland, consists of over 100 items, including jewelry, the hoard, dated to between 950 and 970, was found in Skaill, Sandwick, Orkney, in 1858. The main Penrith Hoard is of Viking-period penannular brooches, but a separate hoard found very close by includes many pieces of hack silver, james Graham-Campbell, The Viking-age silver and gold hoards of Scandinavian character from Scotland M. org/projects/CF179695-1E6A-440F-1DDB-4FEA7B02A5B5
9. Huxley Hoard – The Huxley Hoard is a hoard of Viking jewellery from around 900-910 found buried near Huxley, Cheshire, England. It consists of 21 silver bracelets, one silver ingot, and 39 lead fragments, the bracelets might have been produced by Norse settlers in Dublin and possibly buried for safekeeping by Viking refugees settling in Cheshire and the Wirral in the early 900s. It was discovered by Steve Reynoldson in November 2004 after he found fragments of lead 30 centimetres underground using a metal detector. The bracelets were folded flat, sixteen decorated by punched patterns, six with crosses stamped in their centre, and another six with centre cross and one at each end. Two have lattice patterns, one an hourglass stamp around the edge, one chevrons with central and end crosses, and one a zig-zag pattern, the lead fragments suggest the hoard could have been buried either in a lead sheet or a lead-lined wood box. One of a cluster of hoards found in the Chester area and it was the subject of a book published by the National Museums Liverpool in 2010
10. Bay of Skaill – The Bay of Skaill is a small bay on the west coast of the Orkney Mainland, Scotland. Bay of Skaill is the location of the famous Neolithic settlement, Skara Brae, and a residence, Skaill House. Skaill House has connections with Captain James Cook, in March 1858, a boy named David Linklater was digging at Muckle Brae, near the Sandwick parish church, when he came across a few pieces of silver lying in the earth. Astounded by the find, Linklater was soon joined by a number of folk, together they unearthed over one hundred items. This hoard is the largest Viking treasure trove found so far in Scotland
11. Strandby – Strandby is a coastal town in Denmark, located in Region Nordjylland. Its population was 2,337 as of 1. January 2014 and it is located at the southern end of Ålbæk Bugt, the bay forming the eastern coast of the northern tip of the North Jutlandic Island, and about 4 km north of Frederikshavn. Strandby has two churches, Strandby Kirke, and a Methodist church and it has been part of Frederikshavn Municipality since 1970, historically, it was in Elling parish, within Horns Herred hundred, Hjørring County. The town is served by Strandby railway station, located on the Skagensbanen railway line, with Frederikshavn in the southern end, a significant Viking Age hoard was discovered in a field near Strandby in September 2012, and systematically excavated in May 2013. Sustainable Communities Design Handbook, Green Engineering, Architecture, and Technology