Members of the United States Federalist Party.
Pages in category "Virginia Federalists"
The following 36 pages are in this category, out of 36 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
Members of the United States Federalist Party.
The following 36 pages are in this category, out of 36 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. United States Federalist Party – The Federalist Party was the first American political party. It existed from the early 1790s to 1816, its remnants lasted into the 1820s, the Federalists called for a strong national government that promoted economic growth and fostered friendly relationships with Great Britain, as well as opposition to revolutionary France. The party controlled the government until 1801, when it was overwhelmed by the Democratic-Republican opposition led by Thomas Jefferson. The Federalist Party came into being between 1792 and 1794 as a coalition of bankers and businessmen in support of Alexander Hamiltons fiscal policies. These supporters developed into the organized Federalist Party, which was committed to a fiscally sound, the only Federalist president was John Adams, although George Washington was broadly sympathetic to the Federalist program, he remained officially non-partisan during his entire presidency. Federalist policies called for a bank, tariffs, and good relations with Great Britain as expressed in the Jay Treaty negotiated in 1794. Hamilton developed the concept of implied powers and successfully argued the adoption of that interpretation of the United States Constitution, the Jay Treaty passed, and the Federalists won most of the major legislative battles in the 1790s. They held a strong base in the cities and in New England. After the Democratic-Republicans, whose base was in the rural South, won the election of 1800. They recovered some strength by their opposition to the War of 1812. On taking office in 1789, President Washington nominated New York lawyer Alexander Hamilton to the office of Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton wanted a strong national government with financial credibility. James Madison was Hamiltons ally in the fight to ratify the new Constitution, Political parties had not been anticipated when the Constitution was drafted in 1787 and ratified in 1788, even though both Hamilton and Madison played major roles. Parties were considered to be divisive and harmful to republicanism, No similar parties existed anywhere in the world. By 1790 Hamilton started building a nationwide coalition and his attempts to manage politics in the national capital to get his plans through Congress, then, brought strong responses across the country. In the process, what began as a capital faction soon assumed status as a faction and then, finally. The Federalist Party supported Hamiltons vision of a centralized government. In foreign affairs, they supported neutrality in the war between France and Great Britain, the majority of the Founding Fathers were originally Federalists. Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and many others can all be considered Federalists and these Federalists felt that the Articles of Confederation had been too weak to sustain a working government and had decided that a new form of government was needed
2. John Blair Jr. – John Blair Jr. was an American politician, Founding Father and jurist. Blair was one of the jurists of his day. A famous legal scholar, he avoided the tumult of state politics, but he was devoted to the idea of a permanent union of the newly independent states and loyally supported fellow Virginians James Madison and George Washington at the Constitutional Convention. Contemporaries praised Blair for such personal strengths as gentleness and benevolence, born in Williamsburg, Virginia, Blair was a member of a prominent Virginia family. John Blair, Sr. his father, served on the Virginia Council and was for a time acting Royal governor and his granduncle, James Blair, was founder and first president of the College of William & Mary. Blair attended William & Mary, receiving an A. B. in 1754, in 1755 he went to London to study law at the Middle Temple. He went on to clerk of the Royal Governors Council. Blair originally joined the wing of the Patriot cause. He opposed Patrick Henrys extremist resolutions in protest of the Stamp Act, when the Revolution began, Blair became deeply involved in the government of his state. He served on the Privy Council, Governor Patrick Henrys major advisory group, the legislature elected him to a judgeship in the general court in 1778 and soon thereafter to the post of chief justice. He was also elected to Virginias high court of chancery, where his colleague was George Wythe and these judicial appointments automatically made Blair a member of Virginias first court of appeals. On the Virginia Court of Appeals, Blair participated in The Commonwealth of Virginia v. Caton et al. which set the precedent that courts can deem legislative acts unconstitutional and this decision was a precursor to the United States Supreme Court decision in Marbury v. Madison. In 1786, the legislature, recognizing Blairs prestige as a jurist, George Washington nominated Blair to the Supreme Court of the United States on September 24,1789. The United States Senate confirmed his appointment on September 26,1789, due to the system of seniority established in Judiciary Act of 1789, Washington did not sign Blairs commission until September 30. The Courts caseload during Blair’s tenure was light, with only 13 cases decided over six years, justice Blair participated, though, in the Courts landmark case of Chisholm v. Georgia, which is considered the first United States Supreme Court case of significance and impact. Blair resigned on October 25,1795, and died in Williamsburg, five years later and he was buried at the Bruton Parish Episcopal Church Cemetery in Williamsburg. Blair Street in Madison, Wisconsin is named in his honor and he was named Grand Master of Freemasons in Virginia under the newly organized Grand Lodge of Virginia in 1778. Abraham, Henry J. Justices and Presidents, A Political History of Appointments to the Supreme Court, the Supreme Court Justices, Illustrated Biographies, 1789–1995
3. James Breckinridge – James Breckinridge was a Virginia lawyer and politician and a member of the Breckinridge family. He served in the Virginia House of Delegates, as well as the U. S. House of Representatives and he also fought in the American Revolutionary War and served as a brigadier-general during the War of 1812. Breckinridge was born near Fincastle, Botetourt County, Virginia and his brother was John Breckinridge and he was the great-great-great-uncle of John Bayne Breckinridge. He studied under tutors and during the Revolutionary War, he served in Colonel Prestons rifle regiment under General Nathanael Greene. He attended Washington College and was graduated from the College of William and he studied law and was admitted to the bar and practiced in Fincastle. He built Breckinridge Mill in 1822, to replace a mill he built in 1804. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980, Breckinridge served as a delegate to the Virginia House of Delegates intermittently between 1789 and 1824. He took a special interest in the construction of the Chesapeake and he was then elected as a Federalist to the Eleventh Congress and to the three succeeding Congresses. He was an associate of Thomas Jefferson in the establishment of the University of Virginia,1809, Breckinridge was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives with 56. 72% of the vote, defeating Democrat-Republican Alexander Wilson. 1811, Breckinridge was re-elected with 58. 4% of the vote, Breckinridge died at his country home, Grove Hill, Botetourt County, Virginia, May 13,1833 and was buried in the family burial plot on his estate near Fincastle. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
4. William Overton Callis – William O. Callis was the son of William Harry Callis and Mary Jane Cosby. He was a friend of Presidents James Madison and James Monroe, was with Washington at Yorktown, and was known to Lafayette, Thomas Jefferson. William Overton Callis was born March 4,1756 near Urbanna and he was the son of William and Mary Callis. His mother was third in descent from William Overton and Mary Waters and his mothers first cousin was Dabney Carr, a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses and his wife, Martha Jefferson. Martha was the sister of President Thomas Jefferson and she was also a cousin of Williams second wife, marthas mother was Jane Randolph, daughter of Isham Randolph, a ships captain and sometime planter, first cousin to Peyton Randolph, and granddaughter of wealthy English gentry. Marthas father was Peter Jefferson, a planter and surveyor in Albemarle County He was of Welsh descent and that year the Jeffersons relocated to Tuckahoe where they would remain for the next seven years before returning to their home in Albemarle. Peter Jefferson was then appointed to the Colonelcy of the county, Dabney and Martha were the parents of Dabney Carr and nephew of Dabney Smith Carr, who was a newspaper publisher and later was U. S. In 1774, he was tutored, along with James Madison and James Monroe, with Monroe, Callis entered the College of William & Mary at age 17, he left college in late 1775 to join the Continental Army. He married first, about 1783, Martha Elizabeth Winston and they were the parents of three children. He married, as his wife, on May 4,1790 in Louisa County, Virginia. She was born on November 4,1774 at Cool Water, Hanover County, Virginia and died on September 8,1846 at Doswell, Hanover County and they were the parents of nine children. Barbara was a first cousin of Martha Elizabeth Winston, the first wife of William Overton Callis, Thomas and Elizabeth were also the great great grandparents of Presidents James Madison and Zachary Taylor. In November 1775, he became a Private, 1st Regiment, John Belfields Troop, Light Dragoons, Continental Troops commanded by Col. Theoderick Bland. On September 27,1776, he enlisted in Col. Charles Dabneys Reg and he was in New York City in the Battle of the Heights and in Washingtons army through his retreat from New York across New Jersey. On January 12,1777, he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in Capt, John Smiths Company of the 4th Virginia Regiment of Foot, commanded by Col. Robert Lawson. On September 30,1778, he was wounded and listed as a supernumerary after his lungs were damaged by a cannonball at Monmouth and he left the war to go to the West Indies in Havana and Curracas in 1779 to recuperate. On April 6,1781, now a Major, Callis delivered letters from Brig Gen. Weedon to the British Maj. Gen. W Phillips, Portsmouth, regarding the exchange of prisoners. On August 1,1781, having promoted to Colonel
5. Henry Lee III – Lees service during the American Revolution as a cavalry officer in the Continental Army earned him the nickname by which he is best known, Light-Horse Harry. Lee was the father of Civil War-era Confederate general Robert E. Lee, Lee was born near Dumfries in the Colony of Virginia. He was the son of Col. Henry Lee II of Leesylvania and his father was the second cousin of Richard Henry Lee, twelfth President of the Continental Congress. His mother was an aunt of the wife of Virginia Governor Thomas Nelson and his great-grandmother Mary Bland was also a grand-aunt of President Thomas Jefferson. Lee was the grandson of Capt. Henry Lee I, a great-grandson of Richard Bland, and he was also a descendant of Theodorick Bland of Westover and Governor Richard Bennett. Lee graduated from the College of New Jersey in 1773, with the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, he instead became a captain in a Virginia dragoon detachment, which was attached to the 1st Continental Light Dragoons. In 1778, Lee was promoted to major and given the command of a corps of cavalry and infantry known as Lees Legion. In September of the year, Lee commanded a unit of dragoons which defeated a Hessian regiment at the Battle of Edgars Lane. It was during his time as commander of the Legion that Lee earned the sobriquet of Light-Horse Harry for his horsemanship, Lee was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and was assigned with his Legion to the southern theater of war. They conducted a campaign of terror and intimidation against Loyalists in the region, Lee and his legion also served at the Battle of Guilford Court House, the Siege of Ninety-Six, and the Battle of Eutaw Springs. He was present at Charles Cornwalliss surrender at Yorktown, but left the Army shortly after claiming fatigue, in 1794, Lee was summoned by President George Washington to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania. Lee commanded the 12,950 militiamen sent to quash the rebels, in 1798, Henry Lee was appointed a major general in the U. S. Army due to a possible war with France. In 1808, he was re-commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson as major-general since war with Great Britain was deemed to break out and he asked President James Madison for a commission at the onset of the War of 1812 but without success. In 1812 he published his Memoirs of the War in the Southern Department of the United States, from 1786 to 1788, Lee was a delegate to the Congress of the Confederation, and in 1788 at the Virginia convention, he favored the adoption of the United States Constitution. From 1789 to 1791, he served in the General Assembly and, from 1791 to 1794, was Governor of Virginia, from 1799 to 1801, he served in the United States House of Representatives of the Congress. He famously eulogized Washington to a crowd of 4,000 at the first Presidents funeral on December 26,1799 as, First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen. Between April 8 and 13,1782, at Stratford Hall, Lee married his cousin, Matilda Ludwell Lee. She was the daughter of Philip Ludwell Lee, Sr. on June 18,1793, Lee married the wealthy Anne Hill Carter at Shirley Plantation
6. James Machir – James Machir was a United States Representative from Virginia. Machir was member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1793 to 1796 and he again served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1811 to 1813 and from 1818 to 1821. Machir died on June 25,1827, biographical Directory of the United States Congress
7. John Marshall – John Marshall was the fourth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Previously, Marshall had been a leader of the Federalist Party in Virginia and he was Secretary of State under President John Adams from 1800 to 1801. Most notably, he reinforced the principle that courts are obligated to exercise judicial review. Thus, Marshall cemented the position of the American judiciary as an independent, in particular, he repeatedly confirmed the supremacy of federal law over state law, and supported an expansive reading of the enumerated powers. Some of his decisions were unpopular, nevertheless, Marshall built up the third branch of the federal government, and augmented federal power in the name of the Constitution, and the rule of law. John Marshall was of almost entirely English ancestry, though his mother also had some distant Scottish ancestry as well, the oldest of fifteen, John had eight sisters and six brothers. Also, several cousins were raised with the family, from a young age, he was noted for his good humor and black eyes, which were strong and penetrating, beaming with intelligence and good nature. Marshall loved his home, built in 1790, in Richmond, Virginia, for approximately three months each year, Marshall lived in Washington during the Courts annual term, boarding with Justice Story during his final years at the Ringgold-Carroll House. Marshall also left Richmond for several weeks each year to serve on the court in Raleigh. He also maintained the D. S. Tavern property in Albemarle County, Marshall himself was not religious, and although his grandfather was a priest, never formally joined a church. He did not believe Jesus was a divine being, and in some of his opinions referred to a deist Creator of all things. He was an active Freemason and served as Grand Master of Masons in Virginia in 1794–1795 of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Ancient, Free, while in Richmond, Marshall attended St. The Marshall family occupied Monumental Churchs pew No.23 and entertained the Marquis de Lafayette there during his visit to Richmond in 1824, Thomas Marshall was employed in Fauquier County as a surveyor and land agent by Lord Fairfax, which provided Marshall with a substantial income. In the early 1760s, the Marshall family left Germantown and moved about 30 miles miles to Leeds Manor on the slope of the Blue Ridge Mountains. On the banks of Goose Creek, Thomas Marshall built a frame house. Thomas Marshall was not yet established, so he leased it from Colonel Richard Henry Lee. The Marshalls called their new home the Hollow, and the ten years they resided there were John Marshalls formative years, in 1773, the Marshall family moved once again. Thomas Marshall, by then a man of means, purchased an estate adjacent to North Cobbler Mountain in Delaplane
8. Charles F. Mercer – Charles Fenton Mercer was a nineteenth-century politician, U. S. Congressman, and lawyer from Loudoun County, Virginia. The youngest son of James Mercer and Eleanor Mercer, Charles Mercer was the first cousin of Robert Selden Garnett and James Mercer Garnett, both also members of Congress. Born in Fredericksburg, Virginia, Mercer graduated from Princeton College in 1797 and he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1802, commencing practice in Aldie, Virginia, a village that he founded in 1810, centering on Mercers mill. He was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1810 to 1817 and was appointed a lieutenant colonel of a Virginia regiment in the War of 1812. Mercer was later promoted to major in command at Norfolk, Virginia, was general in 1814, aide-de-camp to Governor James Barbour. He was projector and first president of the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Co. from 1828 to 1833 and was a delegate to the Virginia Constitutional Convention in 1829. Mercer was elected a Federalist, Crawford Republican, Adams Republican, Anti-Jacksonian and Whig to the United States House of Representatives in 1816, there, he served as Chairman of the Committee on Roads and Canals from 1831 to 1839. Mercer was elected as a delegate to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829-1830, in 1829, he was elected by the Convention to serve on the Committee of the Legislative Department. He was one of four elected from the senatorial district made up his home district of Loudoun. Mercer died at Howard, near Alexandria, Virginia, on May 4,1858 and was interred in Union Cemetery in Leesburg, egerton, Douglas R. Charles Fenton Mercer and the Trial of National Conservatism. The Constitutional Conventions of Virginia from the foundation of the Commonwealth to the present time, biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Charles F. Mercer at Find a Grave
9. Daniel Morgan – Daniel Morgan was an American pioneer, soldier, and United States Representative from Virginia. One of the most gifted battlefield tacticians of the American Revolutionary War, Morgan is believed to have been born in the village of New Hampton, New Jersey in Lebanon Township. All four of his grandparents were Welsh immigrants who lived in Pennsylvania, Morgan was the fifth of seven children of James Morgan and Eleanor Lloyd. When Morgan was 17, he left following a fight with his father. After working at odd jobs in Pennsylvania, he moved to the Shenandoah Valley and he finally settled on the Virginia frontier, near what is now Winchester, Virginia. He worked clearing land, in a sawmill, and as a teamster, in just a year, he saved enough to buy his own team. Morgan had served as a teamster during the French and Indian War. After returning from the advance on Fort Duquesne by General Braddocks command, Morgan thus acquired a hatred for the British Army. He then fell in love with Abigail Curry, they married and had two daughters, Nancy and Betsy, Morgan later served as a rifleman in the provincial forces assigned to protect the western settlements from French-backed Indian raids. Some time after the war, he purchased a farm between Winchester and Battletown, by 1774, he was so prosperous that he owned ten slaves. That year, he served in Dunmores War, taking part in raids on Shawnee villages in the Ohio Country. After the American Revolutionary War began at the Battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19,1775 and they called for the formation of 10 rifle companies from the middle colonies to support the Siege of Boston, and late in June 1775 Virginia agreed to send two. The Virginia House of Burgesses chose Daniel Morgan to form one of these companies and he had already been an officer in the Virginia militia since the French and Indian War. Morgan recruited 96 men in just 10 days and assembled them at Winchester on July 14 and he then marched them 600 miles to Boston, Massachusetts in 21 days, arriving on Aug.6,1775. His company of marksmen was nicknamed Morgans Riflemen, Morgans company had a significant advantage over the others. Instead of the weapons used of most British and most American companies. They were lighter and easier to fire, and they were more accurate. Morgans company used guerrilla tactics, first shooting the Indian guides who led the British forces through the rugged terrain, the British Army considered these guerrilla tactics to be dishonorable, however, they created chaos within the British ranks
10. Josiah Parker – Josiah Parker was an American politician who was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Virginia in the First through Sixth United States Congresses. Parker was born at the Macclesfield Estate in Isle of Wight County, in 1773, he married the widow Mary Pierce Bridger. They had one child, Anne Pierce Parker, in 1775, Parker became a member of the state Committee of Safety. He attended the Virginia Convention that met in March, July, when the American Revolutionary War began in April 1775, Parker enlisted in the Continental Army. He was promptly commissioned a major in the 5th Virginia Regiment on February 13,1776, promoted to lieutenant colonel on July 28,1777, and became its colonel on April 1,1778. His regiment served in Virginia under General Charles Lee until the autumn of 1776, the regiment thereafter saw action at the Battle of Trenton, Battle of Princeton, Battle of Brandywine, Battle of Germantown, Battle of Monmouth and the Siege of Charleston. Parker resigned from the army on July 12,1778 and became a member of the Virginia House of Delegates for 1778,1779,1782 and 1783, during Cornwalliss Virginia campaign in 1781, the notorious Colonel Tarleton ransacked his home. In August 1781, Lafayette sent him to Portsmouth, Virginia on a reconnaissance and he found the British had embarked for Yorktown. Parker recovered 25 cannons the British had thrown into the sea to prevent their capture, in 1786, Parker was commissioned a naval officer at Portsmouth, Virginia. He ran to become a delegate to the 1788 Virginia Convention, however, he was elected to the First United States Congress, was reelected to the Second and Third Congresses. He was elected as a Federalist to the Fourth through Sixth United States Congress, declaring it was time to wipe off the stigma of slavery that stained America, Parker became the first national legislator in American history to formally introduce an antislavery motion in congress. Parker then returned home and engaged in agriculture and he died in 1810, and was buried in the family cemetery on his plantation, Macclesfield, in Isle of Wight County, Virginia. His grandson, Leopold Copeland Parker Cowper, served in the Virginia House of Delegates as lieutenant governor in the Restored Government of Virginia during the American Civil War, the Col. Josiah Parker Family Cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. A World War II Liberty Ship, SS Josiah Parker, was named in his honor, biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Colonial families of the Southern states of America
11. Leven Powell – Leven Powell was a United States Representative from Virginia. Leven Powell was born to William Powell and Eleanor, Leven was born near Manassas in Prince William County, Virginia. He was deputy sheriff of Prince William County, Virginia, before he moved to Loudoun County in 1763 and he purchased a mill on Hunger Run and named it Sally Mill after his young wife, Sally. Sally Mill Road is between Aldie, Virginia and Middleburg, Virginia, a wall of the original mill still exists on the site. Leven later purchased 50 acres from Joseph Chinn who had built Chinns Ordinary, now called the Red Fox Inn, the area had been called Chinns Crossroads, and was then known as Powell Town. When the town was established in 1787, Leven Powell declined to have the town named after him, so the name became Middleburgh. During the American Revolutionary War, he served as major in the Continental Army in 1775 and was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 16th Continental Regiment in 1777 and he resigned on account of ill health in 1778. Powell served as member of the Virginia House of Delegates in 1779 and he was a delegate to the Virginia ratification convention in 1788 and again a member of the House of Delegates in 1787,1788,1791, and 1792. In the 1796 presidential election, Powell stood alone among Virginias 21 electors in voting for John Adams over Thomas Jefferson and he was elected as a Federalist to the Sixth Congress. In 1787, Powell is known as the founder of the town of Middleburg and he also helped to build a turnpike from the port of Alexandria, Virginia to the Winchester, Virginia. He died in Bedford, Pennsylvania in 1810 and was buried in the Old Presbyterian Graveyard, biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Images of America Middleburg, link to Google Books preview page 7, viewed 30 Sep 2012 Leven Powell at Find a Grave
12. Edmund Randolph – Edmund Jennings Randolph was an American attorney, the seventh Governor of Virginia, the second Secretary of State, and the first United States Attorney General. Randolph was born on August 10,1753 to the influential Randolph family in Williamsburg in the Colony of Virginia and he was educated at the College of William and Mary. After graduation he began reading law with his father John Randolph and uncle and he would go on to serve as mayor of Williamsburg, and then as the first Attorney General of the United States under the newly formed government. He was married on August 29,1776 to Elizabeth Nicholas, Randolph was selected as one of eleven delegates to represent Virginia at the Continental Congress in 1779, and served as a delegate through 1782. During this period he remained in private law practice, handling numerous legal issues for George Washington among others. Randolph was elected Governor of Virginia in 1786, that year leading a delegation to the Annapolis Convention. The following year, as a delegate from Virginia to the Constitutional Convention and he argued against importation of slaves and in favor of a strong central government, advocating a plan for three chief executives from various parts of the country. The Virginia Plan also proposed two houses, where in both of them delegates were chosen based on state population, Randolph additionally proposed, and was supported by unanimous approval by the Conventions delegates, that a Nationally Judiciary be established. The Articles of Confederation lacked a national system for the United States. Randolph was also a member of the Committee of Detail which was tasked with converting the Virginia Plans 15 resolutions into a first draft of the Constitution. Randolph ultimately refused to sign the document, one of only three members who remained in the Constitutional Convention yet refused to sign. Randolph thought the final document lacked sufficient checks and balances, Randolph had several objections to the Convention’s proposal. He thought the federal judiciary would pose a threat to state courts, Randolph nevertheless reversed his position at the Virginia Ratifying Convention in 1788. He chaired that nearly equally divided convention, and Mason greatly resented Randolphs change of position, Mason and other opponents demanded amendments prior to ratification. Randolph noted that he had seen several responses to the insistence that amendments were necessary before ratification, some thought the objection insubstantial because the Constitution provided a process for amendment. He did not think it desirable that the people should become accustomed to altering their constitution with any regularity once it was adopted, the Governor had written, “If after our best efforts for amendments, they cannot be obtained, I will adopt the constitution as it is. Randolph believed that Virginia must choose between the alternatives of ratification and disunion. Historians commonly have missed the importance of Randolph’s role in the Richmond Convention
13. John Tayloe III – Hon. John Tayloe III, of Richmond County, Virginia, was prominent in business, government, and social circles. A highly successful plantation owner, he took a part in public affairs and was considered the Wealthiest man of his day. A military officer, he served in the Virginia House of Delegates. The Tayloe family of Richmond County, including John Tayloe III, his father, John Tayloe II, Tayloe was born September 2, or September 13,1770. He was the son of John Tayloe II, and Rebecca Plater Tayloe, of the nine children in the family, a twin brother did not survive more than a few days, and two sisters died while babies. All of his siblings were girls. Before going away to school in England, Tayloe learned patriotism from his father and he was educated at Eton and Cambridge. After returning home from England, he was ready to administer his estate for the benefit of the country as well as his own family. As he was the surviving son, after his fathers death in 1779, Tayloe was named in his fathers will to receive most of his fathers slaves, personal property, land. When his inheritance was turned over to him, the income was US$60,000, within a few years and his fathers iron- and shipbuilding interests were conserved and enlarged by Tayloe. His master shipbuilder at Occoquan was his slave, Reuben, of Tayloes other slaves, he reportedly sold 50 of them, mostly young girls, during the period of 1809 through 1828. In addition to shipbuilding at Neabsco Iron Works, Tayloe had other dealings in Prince William County, in 1814, he purchased lots in Occoquan, and on the one that fronted Mill Street, he built the Occoquan Hotel. He served as a county postmaster for a time, and his stagecoach lines stopped in Occoquan, during his residence at his summer home, Mount Airy, the mansion was enlarged, having originally been built by his father. Among his guests were men of the American Revolution, Tayloe was a member of the Federalist Party, and he was a personal friend of General George Washington. He built the Octagon House in Washington, D. C. in 1799, the Octagon was designed by Dr. William Thornton, the first architect of the U. S. Capitol. While a resident of Washington, he helped organize St. Tayloe at a sale of the effects of the Lunenburg Parish Church in Richmond County, as Captain of Dragoons, he went to Western Pennsylvania, to help put down the Whiskey Rebellion. In 1799, he was appointed Major of Light Dragoons, U. S. A. by President John Adams, on February 12,1799, Washington replied that he was inclined to believe his civil service would be more important than military service. Tayloe served in the Virginia House of Delegates and the Senate of Virginia, as Delegate, on the breaking out of the War of 1812, Tayloe was made commander of the cavalry of the District of Columbia, and saw active service
14. Bushrod Washington – Bushrod Washington was an attorney and politician, appointed as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, where he served for more than 30 years. He was among the founders of the American Colonization Society in 1816, intended to promote emigration of freed slaves and free blacks to a colony in Africa, and served as its president. Bushrod Washington was born on June 5,1762, at Bushfield Manor and he was a son of John Augustine Washington, the brother of George Washington, and Johns wife, Hannah Bushrod. Washington graduated from the College of William & Mary in 1778, after beginning with John Marshall the study of law under George Wythe in 1780, he joined the Continental Army during 1781 and served as a private in the army until 1782. After Bushrod left the army, his father and his uncle, George Washington, after concluding his studies with Wilson in April 1784, the young Washington returned to Westmoreland County, married Julia Anne Blackburn, and opened a law office. He was in the practice of law from 1784 to 1798. He was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1787, in 1788, he served in the Virginia Ratifying Convention, where he voted for ratification of the US Constitution. Formally nominated on December 18,1798, Washington was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 20,1798, Washington became an associate justice on February 4,1799, at the age of 36. After Marshall became Chief Justice two years later, Washington voted with Marshall on all but three occasions, Washington served on the Supreme Court until his death in 1829. While serving on the Marshall Court, Washington authored the opinion of Corfield v. Coryell,6 Fed,546, while riding circuit as an Associate Justice. In Corfield, Washington listed several rights that he deemed were fundamental privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States, around 1795, Washington purchased Belvidere, the former Richmond estate of William Byrd III. He relinquished Belvidere upon his appointment to the Supreme Court in 1798, by George Washingtons will, Georges slaves were to be freed after his wife Martha died, as she had the use of them during her lifetime. However, Martha freed the slaves before her death in an 1800 deed of manumission, when Bushrod Washington and his wife moved to Mount Vernon immediately after Marthas death, he brought his own slaves there. The estate had not included much cash, and Washington found that he was unable to support the upkeep of the mansion on the proceeds from the property. As a result, the mansion deteriorated while he lived there, as his farms were not profitable, he sold many of his slaves to gain working capital to support the main house and property. Washington was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1813, in 1816, Washington was among the founders of the American Colonization Society, which promoted repatriation to Africa of free blacks and slaves who were freed in preparation for transport there. Washington became the Societys first president and held position for the remainder of his life. They believed that Bushrod Washington should have sent his slaves to Liberia
15. James Wood (governor) – James Wood was an officer of the U. S. Continental Army during the American Revolution and the 11th Governor of Virginia, born in Wincester Frederick County, Virginia. In February 1760 he was appointed Deputy Clerk of the County Court, from 1766 to 1775 he served in the Virginia House of Burgesses. He married Jane Moncure and they had no children, Wood was commissioned a Captain of Virginia troops by the Governor, Lord Dunmore, in 1774. He took part in the Battle of Point Pleasant during Dunmores War, in 1776 Wood was appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the Frederick County Militia. In February 1777 he became commander of the 12th Virginia Regiment, in late 1777, he quartered at the house also occupied by the family of Sally Wister, who described him as of the most amiable of men. He continued in that capacity until it was dissolved in January 1783, after the war, Wood became an original member of the Virginia Society of the Cincinnati. From 1784 to 1796 Wood was a member of Virginias Executive Council and he was chosen as an elector for the 1789 election from Hampshire District. All of the 10 electors from Virginia who voted cast one of their two votes for George Washington,5 of them cast their other vote for John Adams. 1 cast his for John Hancock, which elector voted for which vice presidential candidate is not known. A Federalist, in 1796 Wood was elected as Virginias eleventh governor, in addition to being an original member of the Society of the Cincinnati, he was also a leading member of an early abolition society in Virginia. Wood served as President of the Society of the Cincinnati from 1802 until his death, Wood died in Richmond on June 16,1813. He was buried at Richmond in St. John’s churchyard, James Wood High School and James Wood Middle School in Frederick County, Virginia are named after the famous Revolutionary War Colonel, as is Wood County, West Virginia. A Guide to the Governor James Wood Executive Papers, 1796-1799 at The Library of Virginia James Wood at National Governors Association James Wood at Find a Grave