The 10K run is a long-distance road running competition over a distance of ten kilometres. Also referred to as the 10K road race,10 km, or simply 10K, it is one of the most common types of road running event, alongside the shorter 5K and longer half marathon and marathon. It is usually distinguished from the 10,000 metres track running event by stating the distance in kilometres, as one of the shortest common road distances, many 10K races attract high levels of public participation. Among the largest 10K races, the Peachtree Road Race in Atlanta, United States had over 55,000 participants in 2011 while the Vancouver Sun Run and Bolder Boulder both had close to 50,000 runners. The popularity of 10K races lies in the fact that, for most adults, members of the public may take part in the races as a competition or simply for pleasure as a fun run. Some races allow wheelchair racers to enter, traditional New Years Day races in Europe are often held over 10K. Medical organisations, fitness groups, drinks manufacturers and sportswear companies are typical commercial sponsors of 10K events, in Western countries using imperial measurements, the 6-mile run was once more prevalent, but many long-running events have adapted their courses to match the metric distance.
At the professional level, there are races which offer significant prize money to athletes who achieve a high finishing position in the race. At the highest level, annual prize money can total over US$100,000 at races such as the Worlds Best 10K, Peachtree Road Race, and World 10K Bangalore. The 10K road distance has never featured on the event programmes of the Athletics at the Summer Olympics or the IAAF World Championships in Athletics. However, it did briefly have its own individual championship for women in the form of the IAAF World Womens Road Race Championships, which was contested over ten kilometres in 1983 and 1984. As a result, the highest level 10K road competitions occur at individual races run by race promoters and these types of races are held in all parts of the world, but the highest calibre races are mainly concentrated in the United States, Canada and East Asia. The world records for the 10K road distance are 26,44 minutes for men and 30,21 minutes for women and this changed in August 2003 when the IAAF Congress approved world record status for a number of specified road distances, including the 10 km.
As with other forms of professional running, East African athletes have been dominant in the 10K distance since the 1990s. As of April 2013, all ten of the fastest male 10K runners are East African, below is a list of other times equal or superior to 30,38, Violah Jepchumba ran 30,24,30, 29+
2nd Arkansas Cavalry Regiment (Slemons')
The 2nd Arkansas Cavalry Regiment was a Confederate Army cavalry regiment during the American Civil War. This regiment was referred to in the official records as the 4th Arkansas Cavalry Regiment. Another regiment, commanded by Colonel Thomas J. Morgan, was designated as the 2nd Arkansas Cavalry Regiment. Following Prices Raid in 1864, the survivors of the regiment were reorganized as the 18th Arkansas Cavalry Battalion, Company A — This cavalry company was organized by Captain Alexander Mason at Hampton, Calhoun County, Arkansas, on February 20,1862. When the Second Arkansas Cavalry Battalion was formed at Memphis, Tennessee, in April 1862, Captain Mason resigned on May 12,1862, and was succeeded by Captain Philip Henry Echols. During the regimental reorganization on August 18,1862, the designation was changed to Company G. Company B — This cavalry company was organized by Captain Elisha L. McMurtrey at Mount Elba, Bradley County, when the Second Arkansas Cavalry Battalion was formed at Memphis, Tennessee, in April 1862, McMurtreys troop was designated as Company B.
Company C — This cavalry company was organized by Captain William Jones Somervell, at Tulip, Dallas County, when the Second Arkansas Cavalry Battalion was formed at Memphis, Tennessee, in April 1862, Somervells troop was designated as Company C. On May 15,1862, the Second Arkansas Cavalry Battalion was combined with the Sixth Arkansas Cavalry Battalion to form the Second Arkansas Cavalry Regiment, with Somervells troop becoming Company E. Company D — This cavalry company was organized by Captain J. N. Paine at Pine Bluff, Jefferson County, when the Second Arkansas Cavalry Battalion was formed at Memphis, Tennessee, in April 1862, Paines troop was designated as Company D. During the regimental reorganization on August 18,1862, this company was redesignated as Company F, Company E—This cavalry company was organized by Captain Obediah B. Tebbs, a veteran of the famous Third Arkansas Infantry Regiment, at Hamburg, Ashley County, when the Second Arkansas Cavalry Battalion was formed at Memphis, Tennessee, in April 1862, Tebbs’ troop was designated as Company E.
Some of these appear to have been involved in the Battle of Shiloh as independent units, prior to being assigned to the Second Arkansas Cavalry Battalion. The only other member of the field and staff who can be identified was Assistant Surgeon Thomas W. Hurley. The organization of the battalion was apparently marred by an alleged mutiny, the companies of the former 6th Battalion became Companies A-B-C and the companies of the former 2nd Battalion became Companies D-E-F-G-H of the 2nd Arkansas Cavalry Regiment. The new regiment was placed under the command of Colonel William F. Slemons, the other field officers were, Lt. Cols. H. R. Withers and Thomas M. Cochran, and Majors Thomas J. Reid, Jr. W. Leeper quartermaster, and Wat Strong served as commissary. Company commanders were, Company A – Captain A. H. Christian, Company B – The Drew Light Horse under the command of Captain Joseph Earle
6th Army Corps (Ukraine)
The 6th Army Corps was one of three army corps of the Ukrainian Ground Forces. The Corps was headquartered in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, 6th Guards Tank Army had incorporated three tank divisions, the 17th Guards, 42nd, and 75th Guards. However the two were disbanded by 1991−92, in 1992 Zaloga listed the 17th Guards Tank Division and 93rd Motor Rifle Division as being part of the army. However, in 1991−1993 the 254th Motor Rifle Division, was withdrawn from the Southern Group of Forces and joined the 6th Army Corps and it became the 254th Mechanised Division. Thus by August 1993 the Corps had been shifted to the Odessa Military District, on December 3,1993 Colonel Vladimir Polivoda, Commander 254th Mechanized Division, 6th Army Corps, Odessa Military District was promoted to Major General It became the 52nd Mechanised Brigade. In 2004, the Corps disbanded 2 brigades and 3 regiments, one brigade and one regiment were added. In 2006, the Corps almost doubled in size, the corps was disbanded in 2013 and its commander reportedly becaome the temporary commander of the new Operational Command South
The A4232, which is known either as the Peripheral Distributor Road or the Cardiff Link Road, is a distributor road in Cardiff, the capital of Wales. The first section of the PDR to be completed was the Southern Way Link Road in 1978, Construction of the first phase of the final link road, the Eastern Bay Link Road, started on 17 March 2016 and is due to be completed by April 2017. When fully completed, the road form part of the Cardiff ring road system. The PDR runs west and east of Cardiff, with the M4 between junction 30 and junction 33 completing the northern section, the PDR is dual carriageway for its entire length except for the East Moors Viaduct, which is a single carriageway. The entire length of the road has clearway restrictions on it and it has 4 large viaducts,1 tunnel and 2 spur roads. The road has many bridges over or under most of the interchanges on the road. The road was conceived in the early 1970s and planning began in the late 1970s, by 1 April 1996 the responsibility for the road was transferred from South Glamorgan County Council to the unitary authority of Cardiff Council.53 km.
The missing link, the Eastern Bay Link Road, is still to be built, for the majority of this section it is the boundary between the City of Cardiff to the east and the Vale of Glamorgan to the west. This section partly opened in 1978, from the Rover Way – Lamby Way roundabout to the Llanedeyrn Interchange on the A48 is oldest section of the PDR. It includes only the Southern Way Link Road, known locally as Southern Way, a map of all the link roads and spur roads can be seen by clicking Map of all coordinates opposite Each section of the road was completed in separate link roads. It was designed to provide a by-pass for traffic from the M4 to the Vale of Glamorgan and it is 5.47 km in length and includes the Ely Viaduct close to Michaelston-super-Ely. The trunk road is maintained by the South Wales Trunk Road Agency on behalf of the Welsh Assembly Government, the remainder of the PDR is a primary route, which is maintained by Cardiff Council. Ely Viaduct The Ely Viaduct crosses over the River Ely and the main South Wales railway line, the viaduct is a 538 ft twin-box girder and has central span of 230 ft and 150 ft side spans, constructed by the balanced cantilever method.
It was constructed in segments each weighing between 54 tons for plain segments to 93 tons for the main segments and it is 4.83 km in length and was opened in 1982 and built by Davies Middleton & Davies Ltd. It was designed to relieve Ely of through traffic and partly cuts into Leckwith Hill, media related to Ely Link Road at Wikimedia Commons The 2.89 km Grangetown Link Road between the Leckwith Interchange and the Ferry Road Interchange was opened on 3 May 1988. Grangetown Viaduct The Grangetown Viaduct is approximately 1 km in length and is said to be the longest glued segmental bridge in the United Kingdom and it has 13 spans of 71 meters with 2 end spans of 38 m and 46 m. The viaduct was designed by South Glamorgan County Council, robert Benaim and Associates, now called Benaim UK Ltd designed the initial launching system for the glued segmental structure. Construction of the road commenced on 15 October 1993 and it was the last link road to be built
The Ndràngheta is organized crime centered in Calabria, Italy. A US diplomat estimated that the narcotics trafficking, extortion. Since the 1950s, the organization has spread towards Northern Italy, according to a 2013 Threat Assessment on Italian Organised Crime of Europol, the Ndrangheta is among the richest and most powerful organised crime groups at a global level. In 1861 the prefect of Reggio Calabria already noticed the presence of so-called camorristi, since the 1880s, there is ample evidence of Ndrangheta-type groups in police reports and sentences by local courts. At the time they were often being referred to as the picciotteria, onorata società or camorra, an 1897 sentence from the court in Palmi mentioned a written code of rules found in the village of Seminara based on honour, violence and mutual assistance. In the folk culture surrounding Ndrangheta in Calabria, references to the Spanish Garduña often appear, aside from these references, there is nothing to substantiate a link between the two organizations.
In many areas of Calabria the verb ndranghitiari, from the Greek verb andragathízesthai, the first time the word Ndrangheta was mentioned before a wider audience was by the Calabrian writer Corrado Alvaro in the Corriere della Sera in September 1955. Until 1975, the Ndrangheta restricted their Italian operations to Calabria, mainly involved in extortion and their involvement in cigarette contraband expanded their scope and contacts with the Sicilian Mafia and the neapolitan Camorra. With the arrival of public works in Calabria, skimming off public contracts became an important source of income. Disagreements over how to distribute the spoils led to the First Ndrangheta war killing 233 people, the prevailing factions began to kidnap rich people from northern Italy for ransom. It is believed that John Paul Getty III, kidnapped for ransom in 1973, was one of their victims, the Second Ndrangheta war raged from 1985 to 1991. The bloody six-year war between the Condello-Imerti-Serraino-Rosmini clans and the De Stefano-Tegano-Libri-Latella clans led to more than 600 deaths, the Sicilian Mafia contributed to the end of the conflict and probably suggested the subsequent set up of a superordinate body, called La Provincia, to avoid further infighting.
In the 1990s, the organization started to invest in the international drug trade. Deputy President of the parliament of Calabria Francesco Fortugno was killed by the Ndrangheta on 16 October 2005 in Locri. Demonstrations against the organization ensued, with young protesters carrying banderoles reading Ammazzateci tutti, the national government started a large-scale enforcement operation in Calabria and arrested numerous ndranghetisti including the murderers of Fortugno. The Ndrangheta has recently expanded its activities to Northern Italy, mainly to sell drugs, in May 2007 twenty members of Ndrangheta were arrested in Milan. On 30 August 2007, hundreds of police raided the town of San Luca, over 30 men and women, linked to the killing of six Italian men in Germany, were arrested. On 9 October 2012, following a long investigation by the central government the City Council of Reggio Calabria headed by Mayor Demetrio Arena was dissolved for alleged ties to the group
4 in Love (group)
4 in Love is a former Taiwanese all-female pop group. In 2000, BMG recruited four girls between the ages of 16 and 19, and named them 4 in Love. Ling Chia-lin, Huang Hsiao-rou, Yang Cheng-lin, and Chang Chi-huey were each given new names based on different weather types, Sunnie, the labels strategy for the group was to promote their doll-like voices, and market them as The Worlds First 3D Group. The music video for their first lead single, Fall in Love, was a first in the Taiwanese music industry for its use of three-dimensional computer animations, in 2001, their second and last album, Whos Afraid of Whom. Earned them a Silver Award in the Most Adored Artiste category at the Malaysian Golden Melody Awards, although Rainies appearance in the hit drama Meteor Garden raised the groups profile,4 in Loves popularity was still questionable at best. At the groups first autograph session, only a handful of fans had showed up and their songs, with the exception of 1001 Wishes, were rarely successful on music charts.
In 2002, the group ultimately disbanded, Fall In Love 誰怕誰 Whos Afraid of Whom
4 Mots sur un piano
4 Mots sur un piano is a 2007 song recorded by French singers Patrick Fiori, Jean-Jacques Goldman, who had written the lyrics, and Christine Ricol. It was released as the second single - after Toutes les peines - from Fioris album Si on chantait plus fort on July 20,2007, the single was very successful, particularly in France where it topped the chart. Fiori explained in an interview, One day in Corsica, when I went to Bastia, then, in the Restonica, we met a young girl absolutely unknown named Christine, and the idea of a trio became imperative. He noted that the song is sad, the song was produced by Patrick Fiori. It available on Fioris best of,4 Mots, and on many French compilations, such as NRJ Back 2 School 2, NRJ Music Awards 2008 and Hit Connection - Best Of 2007. Composed by Jean-Jacques Goldman, the song is a ballad that deals with the theme of a relationship between two men and one woman. This relationship, initially accepted by all three people, is challenged by the two men who ask the woman to choose between them and she prefers to not choose because she loves both and finally leaves them.
The music video takes place in a room in which, at first and they get along well, sharing all the happy moments. However, throughout the video, an uneasiness settles upon them as a result of this relationship becomes exclusive and finally. In the end, the room is completely empty, in France, the single went straight to number 5 on July 28,2007 and jumped to number one two weeks later, with about 17,000 copies sold that week. It stayed there for two consecutive weeks, after that, it dropped slowly and managed to total 17 weeks in the top ten,24 weeks in the top 50 and 32 weeks in the top 100. Certified Silver disc three months after its release by the SNEP for about 175,000 sales, it was the fifth best-selling single of 2007 in France, in 2007, about 23,690 digital downloads were sold. It was the second single for Patrick Fiori, and for Jean-Jacques Goldman. In Belgium, the single was charted for 19 weeks in the top 40, after a debut at the bottom of the chart, it reached its peak position of number seven in its eighth week.
The single was ranked 60th on the 2007 Belgian year-end chart, in Switzerland, the single started at number 67 on the Swiss Singles Chart on August 26, and peaked at number 40 two weeks later. It fell off the chart after 15 weeks
2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles
The 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles was a Confederate Army infantry regiment that served during the American Civil War. Raised in 1861, the regiment consisted of nine companies, which were drawn from various counties in Arkansas, the regiments final battle came at Bentonville in March 1865 after which its remaining personnel were consolidated into the 1st Arkansas Consolidated Mounted Rifles. The 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles was organized in the summer of 1861, other appointments upon establishment included, Ben T. Embry, lieutenant colonel, major, W. D. DeBerry, surgeon, W. A. C. The regiment was inducted into Confederate Service on June 15,1861 at Osage Prairie, outside Bentonville, Arkansas. The unit was composed of companies from the following counties, Company A. Company B, the Galla Rangers – Commanded by Captain Ben T. Embry, organized in Pope County, Company C – Commanded by Captain J. A. Gray, organized in Prairie County, enlisted on 20 July 1861. Company D – Commanded by Captain John A. Arrington, organized in Benton County, Company E – Commanded by Captain George Gamble, organized in Clark County, enlisted 27 July 1861 at Camp McRae, Arkansas.
Company F – Commanded by Captain John D. McCabe, organized in Clark County, Arkansas 27 July 1861 at Camp McRae, Company G – The Sevier Rifles, Commanded by Captain Allen T Pettus, organized in Sevier County, Arkansas on 27 July 1861. Company H – the Hempstead Cavalry, Commanded by Captain Henrt G. Rind, organized in Hempstead County, Arkansas 27 July 1861 at Osage Prairie, AR. Company I – Commanded by Captain William F. Patterson, organized in Scott County, Arkansas 20 December 1861 at Cantonment Bee, Company K – Commanded by Captain R. N. McReynolds, organized in Madison County, Arkansas 22 December 1861 at Cantonment Bee, General McIntosh was killed at the battle of Elkhorn Tavern, or Pea Ridge. In May 1862 the Confederate Army underwent an army-wide reorganization due to the passage of the Conscription Act by the Confederate Congress in April 1962, Officers who did not choose to stand for re-election were offered a discharge. The reorganization was accomplished among all the Arkansas regiments in and around Corinth, upon Colonel Flanagin being elected Governor of the State of Arkansas in 1862, Lieutenant Colonel Williamson became colonel, and Captain Eagle became the lieutenant colonel.
Colonel Williamson lost a leg at the battle of Resaca, May 1864, after Smith was killed in battle on July 28, James P. Eagle succeeded him as colonel of the regiment, the 33rd Arkansas Infantry Regiment even included African American cooks on its unit muster rolls. However, accounts of African Americans participating in combat on behalf of the south are rare, martin Coles negro killed two Dutchmen and got a good gun. Colonel McIntosh was educated at the United States Military Academy and it is said his regiment was deployed in groups of two for five miles, when he at its head began the attack upon the Indian camp. He was speedily promoted to brigadier-general, and Embry became colonel, the regiment took part in the battles of Oak Hills and Elkhorn, and in the Kentucky campaign under E. Kirby Smith
2nd Odessa International Film Festival
The second Odessa International Film Festival took place in Odessa from 15 to 23 July 2011. 71 films were screened at the festival, and the number of audience members was tallied at over 70 thousand. A total of 175 hotel rooms were reserved for the guests of the festival in 5 central Odessa hotels, the opening ceremonies, which were broadcast live by the Ukrainian TV channel “Inter”, were watched by over 2 million viewers. In addition, nearly 7 thousand followed the broadcasts of the festival through the official Festival site. 14 new films from France, the UK, Sweden, Hong Kong, Poland, Italy, Russia and Uruguay were part of the competition. At the Opening ceremony in the Odessa Opera Theater, an honored guest of the festival – John Malkovich, awarded a special prize and this prize was awarded for input into the cinematographic development of Odessa. Weeks earlier, Mihakov presented a Lifetime Achievement Award to Malkovich at the Moscow Film Festival, the opening film of the Festival was Michel Hazanavicius’s “The Artist” which received the award for the best male role at Cannes Film Festival-2011.
The closing ceremony served as the venue for the premiere of Alexander Gordon’s Russian film “Brothel Lights. ”This film was filmed in Odessa. The festival employed three main screening venues. “Rodina” movie theater served as the center and two more theaters were added for afternoon and evening screenings – “Cinema City” and “U-cinema. ”The “Cinema-City” venue became the place for the “film-market. ”At the other end of the downtown area. In the second year of the festival, a project called “Screen-writers Workshop” was added to the Summer Film School and this project included intensive and highly personalized seminars for a select group of screenwriters whose works were selected in a screen-play contest. The second Odessa Film Festival included two new professionally geared events – The Film-market and the pitching of film projects, the Grand Prix of the festival went to the French Film -Tomboy written and directed by Celine Sciamma. At the closing ceremony, The Golden Duke statue was accepted on behalf of the filmmaker by Sophie Cattani who played one of the roles in the film.
Special Screenings included the CIS premiere of Sebastian Dehnhardt’s documentary film “Klitschko, ” Lars Von Trier’s “Melancholia”, Wim Wenders’s “Pina, ”, in this new screening space – the steps of the Langeronovskiy Descent, masterworks of film were presented with live musical accompaniment. Such works included the films of Georges Melies, which were presented to the audiences by the great granddaughter. Esteban Sapir’s Avant-garde Argentinean film “Antenna” was screened accompanied by the Ukrainian rock group – “Еsthetic Education”, as it was with the first Odessa Film Festival, one of the most awe-inspiring events of the week was the outdoor screening on the Potemkin Stairs. Pitching Jury Prize in the amount of 25,000 UA Grivnas - Outsider, Official website Odessa International Film Festival аt Facebook Odessa International Film Festivals Channel at YouTube