Category:West Yorkshire Regiment officers
Pages in category "West Yorkshire Regiment officers"
The following 86 pages are in this category, out of 86 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
The following 86 pages are in this category, out of 86 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. West Yorkshire Regiment – The West Yorkshire Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army. The regiment was raised by Sir Edward Hales in 1685, by order of King James II, one of the nine new regiments of foot, raised to meet the Monmouth Rebellion it was termed Haless Regiment. The regiment served in Flanders between 1693 and 1696 and gained its first battle honour at Namur in 1695,1715 saw the regiment moved to Scotland to fight the Jacobite risings. In 1727 the regiment played a part in defending Gibraltar against the Spanish. 1745 saw the regiment in Flanders fighting at Fontenoy before being recalled to Scotland by Cumberland to fight the 45 Rebellion, fighting at Falkirk and Culloden, it became the 14th of Foot in 1751. The regiment returned to Gibraltar in 1751 for another 8-year stay, in 1765, when stationed at Windsor, it was granted royal permission for the grenadiers to wear bearskin caps with the White Horse of Hanover signifying the favour of the King. In 1766, the regiment left Portsmouth for North America and was stationed in Nova Scotia, the 14th although at the ready in their barracks did not play a part in the Boston Massacre. Captain Thomas was the officer of the day in charge of the duty detail that faced the crowds outside of the Customs House. The crowd that gathered began taunting the detail until a shot, then volley was fired into the crowd, captain Preston and the detail went to trial and were successfully defended by Lawyer John Adams thus ending tensions between the crown and the citizens of Boston for the time being. The 14th would remain part of the Boston Garrison until 1772, in 1772, the 14th arrived in St Vincent as part of the force to subjugate the maroons. Due to bush fighting and disease the regiment was depleted in numbers, at dawn on 1 January 1776, the fleet opened fire on Norfolk. Between the firing of the buildings and the firing on the town. After the fleet left, the rebels reoccupied what remained of the town, after all was said and done,1,298 buildings were destroyed and the 5th largest city in colonial America ceased to exist. After Norfolk, the left for Turkey Point near Portsmouth where it would base operations. While at Turkey Point there were a series of small raids, the fleet would stay at Turkey point only until late May when it would leave for Gwynns Island. In August, the fleet withdrew from the Chesapeake and headed to New York, the 14th was withdrawn from service, it being severely under strength from disease and battle in both the Caribbean and Virginia. In New York the remaining men of the regiment were used to supplement other regiments in the area, the officers were sent back to Britain to recruit a new regiment. The rifle companies fought well at the battle of Brandywine in Pennsylvania on 11 September, after the experimental rifle companies returned to England they were made the light companies of their respective regiments, thus ended the 14th Regiments participation in the American Revolution
2. British Army – The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom. As of 2017 the British Army comprises just over 80,000 trained Regular, or full-time, personnel and just over 26,500 trained Reserve, or part-time personnel. Therefore, the UK Parliament approves the continued existence of the Army by passing an Armed Forces Act at least once every five years, day to day the Army comes under administration of the Ministry of Defence and is commanded by the Chief of the General Staff. Repeatedly emerging victorious from these decisive wars allowed Britain to influence world events with its policies and establish itself as one of the leading military. In 1660 the English, Scottish and Irish monarchies were restored under Charles II, Charles favoured the foundation of a new army under royal control and began work towards its establishment by August 1660. The Royal Scots Army and the Irish Army were financed by the Parliament of Scotland, the order of seniority of the most senior line regiments in the British Army is based on the order of seniority in the English army. At that time there was only one English regiment of dragoons, after William and Marys accession to the throne, England involved itself in the War of the Grand Alliance, primarily to prevent a French invasion restoring Marys father, James II. Spain, in the two centuries, had been the dominant global power, and the chief threat to Englands early transatlantic ambitions. The territorial ambitions of the French, however, led to the War of the Spanish Succession and the Napoleonic Wars. From the time of the end of the Seven Years War in 1763, Great Britain was the naval power. As had its predecessor, the English Army, the British Army fought the Kingdoms of Spain, France, and the Netherlands for supremacy in North America and the West Indies. With native and provincial assistance, the Army conquered New France in the North American theatre of the Seven Years War, the British Army suffered defeat in the American War of Independence, losing the Thirteen Colonies but holding on to Canada. The British Army was heavily involved in the Napoleonic Wars and served in campaigns across Europe. The war between the British and the First French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte stretched around the world and at its peak, in 1813, the regular army contained over 250,000 men. A Coalition of Anglo-Dutch and Prussian Armies under the Duke of Wellington, the English had been involved, both politically and militarily, in Ireland since being given the Lordship of Ireland by the Pope in 1171. The campaign of the English republican Protector, Oliver Cromwell, involved uncompromising treatment of the Irish towns that had supported the Royalists during the English Civil War, the English Army stayed in Ireland primarily to suppress numerous Irish revolts and campaigns for independence. Having learnt from their experience in America, the British government sought a political solution, the British Army found itself fighting Irish rebels, both Protestant and Catholic, primarily in Ulster and Leinster in the 1798 rebellion. The Haldane Reforms of 1907 formally created the Territorial Force as the Armys volunteer reserve component by merging and reorganising the Volunteer Force, Militia, Great Britains dominance of the world had been challenged by numerous other powers, in the 20th century, most notably Germany
3. Edward Braddock – He is generally best remembered for his command of a disastrous expedition against the French-occupied Ohio River Valley then in western Virginia or Pennsylvania in 1755, in which he lost his life. The son of Major-General Edward Braddock of the Coldstream Guards, Braddock was appointed ensign in his fathers regiment on 11 October 1710, on 26 May 1718 he fought a duel in Hyde Park, Hisenburg with a Colonel Waller. He was promoted to captain in 1736, major in 1743 and he participated in the Siege of Bergen op Zoom in 1747. On 17 February 1753 he was appointed colonel of the 14th Regiment of Foot, appointed shortly afterwards to command against the French in America, he landed in Hampton, in the colony of Virginia on 20 February 1755 with two regiments of British regulars. He met with several of the governors at the Congress of Alexandria on 14 April and was persuaded to undertake vigorous actions against the French. A general from Massachusetts would attack at Fort Niagara, General Johnson at Fort Saint-Frédéric at Crown Point and he would lead an Expedition against Fort Duquesne at the Forks of the Ohio. Braddock took some of his men and marched forward, leaving most of his men behind, the column crossed the Monongahela River on 9 July 1755, and shortly afterwards collided head-on with an Indian and French force who were rushing from Fort Duquesne to oppose the river crossing. Braddocks troops reacted poorly and became disordered, the British attempted retreat, but ran into the rest of the British soldiers left behind from earlier. Braddock, rallying his men time after time, fell at last, an article published in the Roanoke Times on April 15,1951 suggests that the general’s death was the result of fratricide perpetuated by a Colonial soldier by the name of Benjamin Bolling. Braddock was borne off the field by Washington and Col. Nicholas Meriwether, before he died Braddock left Washington his ceremonial sash that he wore with his battle uniform and muttered some of his last words, which were Who would have thought. Reportedly, Washington never went anywhere without this sash for the rest of his life and it is still on display today at Washingtons home on the Potomac River, Mount Vernon. He was buried just west of Great Meadows, where the remnants of the column halted on its retreat to reorganize, George Washington presided at the burial service, as the chaplain had been severely wounded. Benjamin Franklins Autobiography includes an account of helping General Braddock garner supplies and carriages for the generals troops, Braddock had in fact taken great precautions against ambuscade, and had crossed the Monongahela an additional time to avoid the narrow Turtle Creek defile. In 1804, human remains believed to be Braddocks were found buried in the roadway about 1.5 miles west of Great Meadows by a crew of road workers, a marble monument was erected over the new grave site in 1913 by the Coldstream Guards. Plus sections of the cut by the British Army is known as Braddocks Road and forms most of eastern U. S. Route 40 in Maryland. General Braddock appears as an antagonist in Assassins Creed III, in which the player, Haytham Kenway and he is however dressed in the uniform of a private soldier and appears much younger than he really was. Great Britain in the Seven Years War explorepahistory. com Fred Anderson, Crucible of War, The Seven Years War, paul Kopperman, Braddock at the Monongahela. Lee McCardell, Ill-Starred General, Braddock of the Coldstream Guards, louis M. Waddell and Bruce D. Bomberger, The French and Indian War in Pennsylvania, Fortification and Struggle During the War for Empire
4. Lawrence Oates – Captain Lawrence Edward Grace Titus Oates was an English army officer, and later an Antarctic explorer, who died during the Terra Nova Expedition. Oates, afflicted with gangrene and frostbite, walked from his tent into a blizzard and his death is seen as an act of self-sacrifice when, aware that his ill health was compromising his three companions chances of survival, he chose certain death. Oates was born in Putney, London, England in 1880 and his family was wealthy, having had land at Gestingthorpe, Essex, for centuries. His father moved the family there when his children were small after succeeding to the Manor of Over Hall and he had one sister, a year older than himself, named Lillian, who married the Irish baritone and actor Frederick Ranalow. An uncle was the naturalist and African explorer Frank Oates, Oates lived in Putney from 1885–91, from the ages of 5 to 11 at 263 Upper Richmond Road. He was one of the first pupils to attend the prep Willington School around the corner in Colinette Road and he was further educated at Eton College, which he left after less than two years owing to ill health. He then attended an army crammer, South Lynn School, Eastbourne and his father died of typhoid fever in Madeira in 1896 when Oates was aged 16. In 1898, Oates was commissioned into the 3rd Battalion of the West Yorkshire Regiment and he saw military service during the Second Boer War as a junior officer in the 6th Dragoons, having been transferred to that cavalry regiment as a second lieutenant in May 1900. He took part in operations in the Transvaal, the Orange River Colony, in March 1901, he suffered a gunshot wound to his left thigh which shattered his leg and, when it healed, left it an inch shorter than his right leg. In that skirmish he was called upon to surrender, and replied, We came to fight. He was recommended for the Victoria Cross for his actions and was brought to public attention and he was promoted to lieutenant on 8 February 1902, and left Cape Town for England in June that year, after peace had been signed in South Africa the previous month. He was mentioned in despatches by Lord Kitchener in his final despatch dated 23 June 1902, promotion to captain came in 1906. He later served in Ireland, Egypt, and India and he was often referred to by the nickname Titus Oates, after the historical figure. Scott eventually selected him as one of the party who would travel the final distance to the Pole. Oates disagreed with Scott many times on issues of management of the expedition and their natures jarred on one another, a fellow expedition member recalled. When he first saw the ponies that Scott had brought on the expedition, Oates was horrified at the £5 animals, which he said were too old for the job and he later said, Scotts ignorance about marching with animals is colossal. He also wrote in his diary Myself, I dislike Scott intensely and would chuck the whole thing if it were not that we are a British expedition. He is not straight, it is himself first, the rest nowhere. However, he wrote that his harsh words were often a product of the hard conditions
5. Cyril Deverell – Field Marshal Sir Cyril John Deverell GCB, KBE, ADC, DL was a British career military officer who served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff from 1936 to 1937. He served in the Fourth Anglo-Ashanti War in 1896 and was promoted to lieutenant on 3 August 1898. He was appointed adjutant of his regiment on 9 February 1904 before being promoted to captain on 23 February 1904, Deverell became Commanding Officer of 4th Battalion, the East Yorkshire Regiment in July 1915 and was then asked to command the 20th Brigade from 29 October 1915. Promoted to lieutenant colonel on 26 August 1916, he took part in the Battle of the Somme in Autumn 1916. Promoted to the rank of colonel and temporary major general on 1 January 1917, Deverell was given command of the 3rd Division after its commander, Sir Aylmer Haldane. He led the division at Arras in 1917, then participated in the stages of the Battle of Passchendaele. He returned to the Somme in 1918, before fighting alongside the Portuguese at the Battle of the Lys, the division participated in the Hundred Days Offensive, finally leading to the German surrender on 11 November 1918. He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1918 and he commanded that division until 1 January 1919, when, having been promoted to substantive major genera], he took over command of the 53rd Division. On 13 December 1921 he moved to India, where he commanded the United Provinces District. He was appointed aide-de-camp general to the King on 10 February 1934, in that capacity he advised the Government on the importance of maintaining the capability to mount an expeditionary force for operations on mainland Europe. Deverell wrote a reply to the Secretary of State, strongly objecting to the comments that had been made on his own performance. He was also colonel of the Prince of Waless West Yorkshire Regiment from 21 March 1934, in retirement he became Deputy Lieutenant of Southampton. His interests included politics, he served on the borough council. He lived at Court Lodge in Lymington and died there on 12 May 1947 and he was cremated at Bournemouth crematorium. In 1902 he married Hilda Grant-Dalton, they had a son, field Marshal Sir Cyril John Deverell
6. Stanley Jackson – Sir Francis Stanley Jackson GCSI GCIE KStJ PC, known as the Honourable Stanley Jackson during his playing career, was an English cricketer, soldier and Conservative Party politician. His father was William Jackson, 1st Baron Allerton, during Stanleys time at Harrow School his fag was fellow parliamentarian and future Prime Minister Winston Churchill. He went up to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1889, Jackson played for Cambridge University, Yorkshire and England. According to Alan Gibson this was a more controversial thing to do than would seem possible to us now. He was named a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1894 and he captained England in five Test matches in 1905, winning two and drawing three to retain The Ashes. Captaining England for the first time, he won all five tosses and these were the last of his 20 Test matches, all played at home as he could not spare the time to tour. Jackson still holds the Test record for the most matches in a career without playing away from home, an orthodox batsman with a penchant for forcing strokes in front of square on both sides of the wicket he was regarded as a very sound player of fast bowling. His own bowling was a brisk fast medium, with a good off cutter his main weapon, while his commitments outside of cricket limited the number of games he played he was a key member of the very strong Yorkshire sides who won 6 county championships during his career. He was also the first batsman to be dismissed for nervous 90s on test debut, Gibson wrote of him as a cricketer that he had a toughness of character, a certain ruthlessness behind the genial exterior. He does not seem to have been a popular man. He was President of the MCC in 1921, Jackson succeeded Lord Hawke as President of Yorkshire CCC in 1938 after Hawkes death and held the post until his own death in 1947. Jackson was a lieutenant in the Harrow Volunteers when he was on 16 January 1900 appointed captain in 3rd Battalion of the King′s Own and he left with his battalion in February 1900 to serve in the Second Boer War, and arrived in South Africa the following month. He transferred to the West Yorkshire Regiment as a Lieutenant-Colonel in 1914 and he was elected as a Member of Parliament at a by-election in February 1915, representing Howdenshire until resigning his seat on 3 November 1926. He served as Financial Secretary to the War Office 1922-23, in 1927 he was appointed Governor of Bengal and in that year was knighted with the GCIE and was made a member of the Privy Council. In 1928 while he was Governor of Bengal, he inaugurated The Malda District Central Co-operative Bank Ltd in Malda District of Bengal to promote co-operative movements and he was awarded the KStJ in 1932. In 1932, he sidestepped and ducked five pistol shots fired at close range by a student named Bina Das in the Convocation Hall of the University of Calcutta. Escaping unharmed and smiling, ven before the smoke had blown away, the attacker was tackled and disarmed by Lieutenant-Colonel Hassan Suhrawardy, who was knighted by the King for his heroism. Later that year, Jackson was appointed GCSI, Jackson died in London of complications following a road accident
7. Edmund Costello – Costello was born in Sheikhbudia on the North-West Frontier of India, the son of a colonel in the Indian Medical Service. He was educated in England at Beaumont College, Stonyhurst College, in 1892 he was commissioned into the West Yorkshire Regiment, but transferred to the Indian Army in 1894 and was posted to the 22nd Punjab Infantry. This ground was at the time over-run with swordsmen and swept by a fire from both the enemy and our own men who were holding the sapper lines. In the subsequent fighting he was wounded twice and mentioned in dispatches twice, in November 1900 Costello was appointed adjutant of his regiment, and on 19 November 1901 he was promoted Captain in the Indian Staff Corps. He then worked as an officer for several years before taking part in the Mohmand operations of 1908. He was promoted Major in 1910, in 1913 he entered the Indian Staff College at Quetta and graduated just before the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, when he rejoined his regiment as second-in-command. The regiment was sent to Mesopotamia as part of the 17th Brigade of the 6th Division. He was promoted Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel in June 1916, was awarded the Distinguished Service Order in 1917 and appointed Companion of the Order of St Michael, in May 1918 he took command of the 12th Indian Brigade and he received a substantive promotion to Lieutenant-Colonel in September 1918. He was mentioned five times in dispatches during the war and also received the French Croix de Guerre and he was promoted substantive Colonel in March 1920, although he had held the acting appointment of Brigadier-General since 1918. From May to December 1920 he commanded the 8th Brigade in the 3rd Division, in March 1921 he went to Palestine as temporary commander of the Palestine Defence Force and remained there to command a brigade in 1922. He retired in October 1923 and became Director of Military Studies at the University of Cambridge and his grave and headstone memorial is at St Marks Church, Hadlow Down, Sussex, England. His Victoria Cross is displayed at the National Army Museum in Chelsea
8. Freddie de Guingand – He served as Montgomerys staff officer for a period of over two and a half years. He played an important diplomatic role in sustaining relations between the notoriously difficult Montgomery and his peers and superiors, de Guingand was born in Acton, the second of three brothers, and a younger sister. His parents moved to London from Yorkshire, after the Royal Navy rejected him for being colour blind, he joined the British Army. De Guingand was educated at Ampleforth College and graduated from the Royal Military College, Sandhurst and he joined the West Yorkshire Regiment in December 1919, and was promoted to lieutenant on 17 December 1921. He was seconded to the Kings African Rifles from 1926 to 1931, during this time he was promoted to the rank of captain on 10 June 1929. He was the Officer Commanding Troops, Nyasaland, 1930–1931 before returning to his regiment in October 1931 and he was appointed regimental adjutant in July 1932 and then served as Military Assistant to the Secretary of State for War, 1933–1936, and again 1939-1940. He was promoted major in August 1938, in January 1940 he was posted as an instructor to the new staff college at Haifa in the rank of lieutenant-colonel. He was involved in controversy when it was discovered he had on his own initiative been planning from a date the evacuation of the expeditionary force to Greece. However, with the support of the naval and air C-in-Cs he was allowed to continue with his plans. In February 1942 Dorman-Smith, by this time Deputy Chief of the General Staff in Cairo, recommended de Guingand for the vacant post of Director of Military Intelligence, Middle East. In this role he proved to be successful and after the First Battle of El Alamein he was appointed as Eighth Armys Brigadier General Staff. When Montgomery was appointed to command Eighth Army in August 1942 he summoned de Guingand to meet him and he later wrote. Before we arrived at Eighth Army HQ I had decided that de Guingand was the man. I never regretted the decision. He was to serve as Montgomerys chief of staff, responsible for the running of Montgomerys armies and he was promoted acting major-general after the surrender of the Axis forces in North Africa in May 1943. Montgomery once wrote to Chief of the Imperial General Staff Alan Brooke saying about de Guingand I do not know what I should do without him as he is quite 1st class. De Guingand was to prove indispensable to Montgomery, not only in battle, de Guingand seems to have been blessed with considerable diplomatic skills, which proved useful when serving with Montgomery. He was awarded the Legion of Merit by the United States in April 1945 and he was awarded the DSO after the victory at El Alamein and having been given the OBE earlier was promoted to CBE after the capture of Tripoli at the end of the Western Desert Campaign. Following the campaign in Sicily he was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath and he was further promoted in the Order of the British Empire when he was knighted KBE in 1944, an unusual honour for a major-general. At the time he had a rank of major although his permanent rank was advanced to full colonel in March 1945
9. Francis Perceval Eliot – Francis Perceval Eliot was an English soldier, auditor and man of letters. Eliot was the son of General Granville Elliott and his second wife and he was born at Kew Green, Richmond-upon-Thames, Surrey, and baptised on 9 October 1755 at St Annes Church, Kew Green. Following his fathers death on 10 October 1759, the family moved on 15 April 1760 to Richmond, in 1762, Francis lodged at Hargreaves in St Martins Lane, London. On 17 April 1764, he lodged with Mrs Bathurst, Charterhouse Square, on 15 December 1773, he was commissioned as Ensign in the 14th Regiment of Foot. On 28 March 1774, he joined his first regiment, moving to quarters in Dover on 13 May 1774, in March 1775, he left for America, where, on 25 August 1775, he was appointed Lieutenant in the 14th Regiment of Foot. By 28 November 1778, he had returned to St Georges, Hanover Square, London, where he married Anne Breynton, in 1790, he bought Elmhurst Hall and various other properties in Staffordshire, while still maintaining a house in London. In 1794 he raised the Staffordshire Yeomanry Cavalry and became its Major, in 1797, he tried to sell off his Staffordshire estates. The following year 1798 he raised the Staffordshire Yeomanry Infantry, by 1800 he had moved to Lichfield and in 1803 raised the 2nd Staffordshire Militia, eventually becoming its Lieutenant-Colonel. In 1806, he disposed of his Staffordshire properties, pulling down the derelict Elmhurst Hall. He moved back to London full-time, and took an oath as a Commissioner of Public Accounts, around this time he became a man of letters, addressing the foremost politicians of the time, while also writing for a magazine — The Aegis. The next year, he attempted to be elected as MP for Westminster in the United Kingdom general election,1807 and his election was unsuccessful and he returned to his literary pursuits. His widow died 19 August 1829 at Blackheath, and was buried at St Marys Church, Lewisham,171 pages,24 cm British Library Shelfmark,1028. e.3 and 1028. e.5. 1811 A Supplement To Observations On The Fallacy Of The Supposed Depreciation Of The Paper Currency Of The Kingdom, &c. Stockdale, London 181128 pages,21 cm 1814 A series of letters on the Political and financial State of the nation at the commencement of 1814 by Falkland — published 1814
10. Harold Franklyn – He served in the Great War in France and Belgium and took part in the Battle of Arras and Third Battle of Ypres. He became Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment in 1930 and he transferred to the Sudan Defence Force in 1933, initially as a General Staff Officer and then from 1935 as Commandant. Although the battle failed to stop German progress, it influenced Gerd von Rundstedt to halt the German armour advancing on the Aa river on 24 May 1940. This allowed the French to establish defensive lines to the west of Dunkirk, permitting British and he was given the colonelcy of The Green Howards from 1939 to 1949 and promoted full general on 23 July 1943. In May 1946, he was appointed chairman of the Battles Nomenclature Committee for the Second World War, in 1913 he married Monica Belfield, they had one daughter and one son
11. Peregrine Hopson – Peregrine Thomas Hopson was a British army officer who commanded the 40th Regiment of Foot and saw extensive service during the Eighteenth Century and rose to the rank of Major General. Hopson is perhaps best known for signing the Peace Treaty of 1752 with Mikmaq chief Jean-Baptiste Cope which is celebrated every year by Nova Scotians on Treaty Day, Hopson was born on 5 June 1696, the second son of vice admiral Sir Thomas Hopsonn and Elizabeth Timbrell. He initially joined the Royal Marines in 1703, but later transferred to join the British Army and he rose his way up to Lieutenant Colonel by 1743, serving mainly in Gibraltar. In April 1746 Hopson arrived in Louisbourg, Nova Scotia with a number of reinforcements intending to relieve the existing British garrison, the settlement had only been captured from the French a few months before. From 1747 until 1749 he served as commander of the town, on 12 July 1749 he formally handed over the town to the returning French troops. During Father Le Loutres War, Hopson served as Governor of Nova Scotia from the British capital of Halifax, while combating the Mikmaq and Acadian raids, he maintained relatively good relations with the French at Louisbourg and Quebec. He created a treaty with Jean-Baptiste Cope and sent the delegation that ended in the Attack at Isle Madame. Once a fresh war broke out with France in 1756, Hopson returned to Halifax and he also played a role in the Great Upheaval of French-speaking inhabitants of Nova Scotia before returning home to Britain. He was passed over for a role in the large British attempt to capture Louisbourg in 1758, instead he was appointed to command a major expedition to the West Indies. The campaign was a part of William Pitts strategy to win the war. Hopsons choice was particularly favoured by George II, while opposed by Pitt who insisted on appointing one of his own protégés John Barrington as second-in-command, Hopson sailed from Portsmouth in 1758 with 9,000 troops. Once in the West Indies the British set up Barbados as a base to strike out against the two main French targets Martinique and Guadeloupe. However the British attempt to capture Martinique ended in failure, with casualties and growing rates of disease. As they attempted to capture the island, the British were hit by a wave of diseases, Hopson also contracted a tropical disease and died in February 1759. His force fell under the command of Barrington, who completed the capture of Guadeloupe two months later. Crucible of War, Faber and Faber,2000 McLynn, Frank,1759, The Year Britain Became Master of the World
12. Richard Meinertzhagen – Colonel Richard Meinertzhagen, CBE, DSO was a British soldier, intelligence officer and ornithologist. He had a military career spanning Africa, where he was credited with creating and executing the infamous Haversack Ruse. The discovery of stolen museum bird specimens resubmitted as original discoveries had raised doubts on a number of scores as to the veracity of ornithological records he claimed as well. Meinertzhagen was born into a wealthy, socially connected British family and his mother was Georgina Potter, sister of Beatrice Webb, a co-founder of the London School of Economics. Meinertzhagens surname derives from Meinerzhagen in Germany, the home of an ancestor, on his mothers side, he was of English descent. Among his relations were many of Britains titled, rich and influential personages, although he had his doubts, he also claimed to be a distant descendant of Philip III of Spain. His nephew, Daniel Meinertzhagen, was a chairman of Lazard and his niece, Teresa Georgina Mayor, married Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild. In 1895, at the age of eighteen, he obeyed his fathers wishes to join the family bank as a clerk. He was assigned to offices in Cologne and Bremen, there he picked up the German language but remained uninterested in banking. After he returned to the home office in England in 1897. In 1911, he married Armorel, the daughter of Colonel Herman Le Roy-Lewis and this marriage was dissolved in 1919. Meinertzhagens passion for bird-watching began as a child and he and his brother Daniel were encouraged by a family friend, the philosopher Herbert Spencer, who, like another family friend, Charles Darwin, was an ardent empiricist. Spencer would take young Richard and Daniel on walks around the home in Mottisfont, urging them to observe, around 1887 they kept a pet sparrowhawk, which was taken to Hyde Park to let it prey on sparrows. The first serious ornithologist that Richard met was Brian Hodgson, Daniel took an interest in bird illustration which brought them in contact with Archibald Thorburn and led to an introduction to Joseph Wolf and G. E. They had first met Richard Bowdler Sharpe at the Natural History Museum in 1886 and noted that he was fond of encouraging children. He was sent to India to join a battalion of his regiment, other than routine regimental soldiering, he participated in big-game hunting, was promoted, sent on sick leave to England, and after recovery posted to the relocated battalion at Mandalay in Burma. He was promoted Lieutenant on 8 February 1900 and he then started his “zealous campaign” for a transfer to Africa, and in April 1902 was seconded for service with the Foreign Office, who attached him to the 3rd Battalion of the Kings African Rifles. The following month he arrived at Mombasa in British East Africa