Bernardus Accama was an 18th-century Dutch historical and portrait painter. He was born in Friesland, possibly in Burum, the son of Aeltje Boetes Nievelt and Simon Accama and he was christened on 12 July 1697 at Burum. He lived much of his life in Leeuwarden and he worked for and executed commissions for William IV, Prince of Orange. However much of his work was lost during the Revolution of 1795 and he was the brother and instructor of the painter Matthijs Accama. Bernard Accama, portraitist of the Frisian elite, Museum Willem van Haren,1989 Media related to Bernard Accama at Wikimedia Commons
Cort Sivertsen was born in Brevik, the son of a shipper. At the age of fifteen he took service with the Dutch navy, in 1642 he was first mate on the Grote St. Joris, a Dutch ship hired by the fleet of Venice as the San Giorgio Grande. Sivertsen called himself Adelborst in this period, a Dutch name meaning cadet, in 1645 he became captain of the San Giorgio and entered full Venetian service. In 1650 the San Giorgio became a flagship and Sivertsen therefore flag captain, for this he was knighted in the Order of San Marco, the Venetian senate rewarded him with an annuity of 1400 golden ducats. In 1660 he was made Vice-Admiral, Sivertsen had during this period maintained close connections with the Dutch Republic, his son Sivert was raised there. In this period he changed his name to Adelaer, Dutch for Eagle and his son Sivert Adelaer served as a cadet on the ship of the famous Dutch Vice-Admiral Michiel de Ruyter. Retiring from Venetian service he worked from 1661 till 1663 for an Amsterdam merchant house, having a contract with the Admiralty of Amsterdam.
In 1665, when the Second Anglo-Dutch War threatened, he was offered a position in the Dutch navy as a Vice-Admiral and he started a salt-company together with William Davidson of Curriehill and Jonas Trellond in Denmark. In 1663 Adelaer had begun working as an agent for the Danish navy, Adelaer was asked to join the Danish navy as operational supreme commander, to supervise the modernisation of their fleet. In 1666 King Frederick III of Denmark personally convinced Adelaer by offering him a considerable commission, during Adelaers command the navy was expanded with thirty new ships-of-the-line. In the years 1669 and 1670 he headed a mission to South-India to establish trade relations with Coromandel. Adeler acquired a private capital and owned among others estates Dragsholm in Denmark and Gjemsø Kloster. Adelaer was a friend of the new Dutch supreme commander Lieutenant-Admiral Michiel de Ruyter who had been knighted in Denmark. A large part of their correspondence in Dutch has survived, in 1675 Denmark joined the Dutch in the Franco-Dutch War, Sweden declared war.
He was replaced as commander on 8 May 1676 by a Dutch Admiral. Adelaer was first married in 1646 in Hoorn with Angelica Sophronia and he was the father of Sivert Adeler and Frederik Christian Adeler. Descendants of Cort Adeler became members of a Danish noble family when Admiral Cort Adeler was converted into position of nobility on 7 February 1666, Cort Adeler’s older son, Sivert Cortsen Adeler was a Danish naval officer. His younger son, Frederik Christian von Adeler was a Danish Councilor, members of the family have been associated with a number of Danish estates including Ulstrup Slot
Petrus Josephus Mattheus Piet Aalberse was a Dutch politician, and the first Minister of Labour of the Netherlands, a position which evolved into the Minister of Social Affairs and Employment. He was born in Leiden to confectioner Bartholomeus Hendricus Johannes Aalberse and he attended a catholic elementary school in Katwijk and studied Dutch Language and Jurisprudence at Leiden University. After graduating in 1897, Aalberse became a lawyer and attorney in Leiden, Aalberse was elected into the municipal council of Leiden in 1899, and became alderman of Marital Status, Social Affairs and Public Hygiene of the city in 1901. He gave up positions in 1903, when he was elected into the House of Representatives for the constituency of Almelo. In the House, he was concerned with policy regarding labour, trade. After losing his seat in 1916, Aalberse briefly taught at the Delft University of Technology, in 1918, Aalberse became the Netherlands first minister of Labour, a position renamed minister of Labour and Industry in 1922.
After serving as minister, Aalberse returned to the House of Representatives, in the House, he was leader of the Catholic group from 1931 to 1936, and served as Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1936 to 1937, when he lost his seat. Aalberse ended his career as member of the Council of State. On 21 July 1898, Aalberse married Elisabeth Johanna Maria Schmier, with whom he had seven daughters and he was member of the Raad der Vereniging of De Nederlandsche Padvinders from 1936 till 1947. Biografisch Woordenboek van het Socialisme en de Arbeidersbeweging in Nederland
Johannes Acronius was a German Reformed theologian. He is less known by scientific works, than by his part in the quarrel between Arminians and Contra-Remonstrants and he was born in Grimersum, East Frisia, the son of a preacher, Bernardus Acronius, in a village north of Emden, now in the municipality of Krummhörn. He was taught by Zacharias Ursinus and Franciscus Junius in Neustadt an der Hardt, in 1611 he was called to Wesel, but when that city was conquered by the Spanish he fled to Deventer. He declined calls to Haarlem and Deventer, because he couldnt preach about the situation in the church that had so nearly cost him his life. Unable to preach, in 1617 he became professor for theology at the University of Franeker, once installed, he preached there now and on Sundays and served as substitute in nearby Kampen, Overijssel. Contra-remonstrants there sent him to the Synod of Dort, mainly to some of his colleagues in this area who were deemed too favourable towards Arminius teachings. Being the delegate of the assembly of Dordrecht in 1618-1619, he indeed accused them of Arminianism.
In 1619 he went to work as a preacher in Haarlem where his portrait was painted by Frans Hals, the Calvinists of the time saw in him an educated man of oratory skills, with the fervour to stand for their truth. His opponents described him as a man with a tendency to polemise. Syntagma Theologiae, Groningen,1605 Elenchus orthodoxus pseudo-relig, Deventer,1615 Uytmonsteringe van verscheydene dolingen. Der genoemde Lutherschen, Arnheim,1625 Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie - online version Acronius, works by Johannes Acronius at Post-Reformation Digital Library Biography on Johannes Acronius at the Digital Library for Dutch Literature
Johannes Josephus Aarts
Johannes Josephus Aarts was a Dutch painter, lithographer, etcher, academic teacher and director, lecturer and book-cover designer. Jan Aarts received training in the Royal Academy of Art, The Hague and he was active there until 1911, and in Amsterdam from 1911 to 1934. Initially, until around 1900, Aarts worked above all on engravings, thereafter he began to use other graphic methods. In his work, one found depictions of farmworkers, dyke workers and also tramps, between 1920 and 1930 he produced mostly visionary work with apocalyptic scenes. He thereby contributed to the renewal of various techniques in the Netherlands. He painted portraits and landscapes, including cityscapes and dune-landscapes, media related to Johannes Josephus Aarts at Wikimedia Commons Entry for Johannes Josephus Aarts on the Union List of Artist Names
Abraham Jacob van der Aa
Abraham Jacob van der Aa was a Dutch writer best known for his dictionaries, one of notable people and the other of notable places in the Netherlands. He was born in Amsterdam in 1792, from the ages of 6 to 12, he visited the dayschool in Amstelveen. After that, he was sent to the school of J. E. van Iterson in Aarlanderveen. After a short stay at the Latin school in Leiden, where his parents lived at time, he was sent to the Seminarium in Lingen. After his return in 1810, he went to school in Leiden. He did his military service until 1817. At that point he tried to open a bookshop in Leuven, after 1839 he moved to Gorinchem, where he wrote several reference works, including a gazetteer and a biographical dictionary, Biographisch woordenboek der Nederlanden. The Aardrijkskundig Woordenboek der Nederlanden was a 14-volume gazetteer, published between 1839 and 1851 and it was written with the help of a large number of regional historians and other geographers. It covers the Netherlands and the former Dutch colonies, until his death in 1857 from undisclosed causes at age 64 he continued working on his biographic dictionary.
List of online volumes of the Geographical Dictionary of the Netherlands 1839-1851
Jacobus Theodorus Jacob Abels was a Dutch painter. Abels was born in Amsterdam in 1803 and he was a pupil of the animal painter Jan van Ravenswaay. In 1826 Abels had visited Germany, and on his return settled at the Hague and his wife was the daughter of P. G. Between 1849 and 1853 he lived in Haarlem and he moved to Arnhem and he was especially noted for his paintings of moonlit landscapes. The Museum at Haarlem has works by him, Abels died at Abcoude on 11 June 1866
Gerard Pieter Adolfs
Gerard Pieter Adolfs was a Dutch East Indies painter and architect. In the 1930s – at the height of his artistic career – the press called G. P, Adolfs spent his youth in Java and received at home his first artistic inspirations. His father, Gerardus Cornelis Adolfs, was an architect and a versatile amateur, after graduating, he was drawn back to Java, where he designed houses in Yogyakarta and Surabaya. But soon he swapped the drawing pen for the dry-point and brush and he was already well known as a talented advertising illustrator, when in 1924 he was first introduced to the public of Yogyakarta as a painter, water-colourist and graphic artist. Each year Adolfs travelled for a few months and he had studios in Florence, Vienna, Prag and - together with his Japanese friend Léonard Tsuguharu Fujita - in Paris and exhibited his works of art internationally. The main subjects of his work were scenes of Java, Japan, in 1940 – shortly before the occupation of the Netherlands – Adolfs came back to Europe and settled in Amsterdam.
On 22 February 1944, during an exhibition at the Kunstzaal Pollmann and he wrote and illustrated a book about his memories of Surabaya and exhibited in many well-known galleries. He lived mostly in Amsterdam - interrupted by stays in Scandinavia, Spain, Italy. In 1967 he retired to a village in South-Holland. Adolfs died in ’s-Hertogenbosch, North Brabant, amongst those who have brought drawings and paintings from the Dutch East Indies, G. P. Adolfs stands out on account of the frankness of his style. These are not the aperçus of a typical Dutch painter seeking to achieve atmosphere and tone at all costs and he knows how to inform us directly and spontaneously of the atmosphere of a particular location – both in his paintings and in his sketches and water-colours. He has the unpretentiousness of true inspiration, and some of his compositions – the one with the temple gates, ‘Many are called, but few are chosen. ’ One of those few is Ger. P. Adolfs, whose income as a painter allows him to travel to Europe and his paintings are among the best we have seen for expressing the spirit, the colour and the vivid sunshine of this part of the world.
And those little warong scenes, that cockfight, those dancers and it all goes straight to the heart of the matter. It’s all been captured on the canvas with talent and feeling and this is the vision of an artist who has travelled across the Orient for twenty years, seeking to fathom the soul, the inner being of his living themes. In his works he has attempted to represent the light, colour. As can be seen from the works reproduced, he has a bold, vigorous style, seemann Verlag, Leipzig,1983 Borntraeger-Stoll, Eveline & Orsini, Gerard Pieter Adolfs - The Painter of Java and Bali
Albert Frederik Aalbers was a Dutch architect who created elegant villas and office buildings in Bandung, Indonesia under Dutch colonial rule in the 1930s. During his stay in Bandung, in a period when the city was dubbed the city of architecture laboratory, Aalbers style was inspired by expressionist Frank Lloyd Wright and modernist Le Corbusier. In Bandung, the DENIS bank in Braga Street and the Savoy Homann Hotel in Asia-Afrika Street, born on 13 December 1897 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, Albert Aalbers was the youngest son of Theo Aalbers and Johanna Buis. Between 1910 and 1918, Aalbers studied architecture at the Rotterdam Academy of Visual Arts, at that time Dutch architecture was highly influenced by the expressionist movement due to popular expressionist artists, including the painter Willem de Kooning who studied in the same school. In 1923, Albert Aalbers and his brother, established the Gebroeder Aalbers architecture office in Rotterdam and their projects ranged from offices to villas.
1926 was a time for the Aalbers brother during which they filed for bankruptcy. His brother migrated to the Dutch Indies—the Netherlands colony—while Albert remained to try his luck again by opening an office in Hengelo and he married Anna Marie Philipina Lieuwen in 1928 and the couple migrated to the Dutch Indies. At the beginning of their stay, Albert Aalbers worked in an office owned by J. Bennink in Sukabumi. In 1930 the Aalbers family moved to Bandung, a few kilometers east of Sukabumi, at that time, the Dutch East Indies government was planning to move the colonial capital from Batavia to Bandung. The plan was never realized although it transformed Bandung into a city of new European ambience, several Dutch architects, including Thomas Karsten, Henri Maclaine-Pont, J Gerber and C. P. W. Schoemaker, were actively involved designing and renovating buildings throughout the city, Aalbers saw this as a good opportunity and he started to work as a freelance architect in the city. Later he and his friend, Rijk de Waal, opened a new firm, in 1935 the Aalbers en De Waal office received a contract to design an office building for the DENIS Bank.
Aalbers used steel materials for the structure and concrete floors. As a point of visual contrast, Aalbers put a lift tower in the middle of the building and this articulation point of vertical tower against the horizontal smoothness provides an impression of disrupting the elasticity. One pioneer of modernist architecture, Le Corbusier, famous for facades of open space, the ground floor contains a staircase with glass window leading to a public place, while the second floor is used as offices with large terraces facing Naripan street. The DENIS bank design was highly appreciated after which their office received another contract in 1936 to redesign the hotel in Bandung. The hotel was built in 1880 and had been the accommodation for the wealthy. F Van Es Jr. the hotel owner, asked Aalbers to renovate the hotel with a similar elastic impression as in the DENIS bank
Jan van Aartsen
Johannes van Aartsen, was a Dutch politician. Van Aartsen was a lawyer in The Hague and a member of the Anti Revolutionary Party and he became minister of Transportation and Water Management of the Netherlands in November 1958, at the end of the fourth cabinet of Prime Minister Willem Drees. From 1959 to 1963 he was minister of Housing and the Construction Industry in the cabinet-De Quay, under Prime Minister De Quays successor Victor Marijnen, Van Aartsen returned to the post of Transportation and Water Management. In 1965, Van Aartsen was appointed Queens Commissioner of the province of Zeeland and he was the father of Jozias van Aartsen, who became foreign minister of the Netherlands in 1998. He died at age 82 in 1992 and is buried at Zorgvlied cemetery