Elijah or Elias was a prophet and a miracle worker who lived in the northern kingdom of Israel during the reign of Ahab, according to the Books of Kings in the Hebrew Bible. According to the Books of Kings Elijah defended the worship of Yahweh over that of the Canaanite deity Baal, Yahweh performed many miracles through Elijah, including resurrection, bringing fire down from the sky, and entering Heaven alive by a whirlwind. He is portrayed as leading a school of prophets known as the sons of the prophets, after his death, Elisha his disciple and most devoted assistant took over his role as leader of this school. References to Elijah appear in Ecclesiasticus, the New Testament, the Mishnah and Talmud, the Quran, the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, and Baháí writings. In Judaism, Elijahs name is invoked at the weekly Havdalah ritual that marks the end of Shabbat, and Elijah is invoked in other Jewish customs, among them the Passover Seder and the brit milah. He appears in stories and references in the Haggadah and rabbinic literature.
The Christian New Testament describes how Elijah was thought, by some, Jesus makes it clear that John the Baptist is the Elijah who was promised to come in Malachi 4,5. Elijah appears with Moses during the Transfiguration of Jesus, Elijah is a figure in various Christian folk traditions, often identified with earlier pagan thunder or sky gods. In Islam, Elijah appears in the Quran as a prophet and messenger of God, due to his importance to Muslims and Orthodox Christians, Elijah has been venerated as the patron saint of Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1752. However, scholars today are divided as to whether the united Kingdom under Solomon ever existed, omri achieved domestic security with a marriage alliance between his son Ahab and princess Jezebel, a priestess of Baal and the daughter of the king of Sidon in Phoenicia. Under Ahabs kingship, these tensions were exacerbated, Ahab built a temple for Baal, and his wife Jezebel brought a large entourage of priests and prophets of Baal and Asherah into the country.
It is in context that Elijah is introduced in 1 Kings 17,1 as Elijah the Tishbite. No background for the person of Elijah is given except for his description as being a Tishbite. His name in Hebrew means My God is Yahweh, and may be a title applied to him because of his challenge to worship of Baal, as told in the Hebrew Bible, Elijahs challenge is bold and direct. Baal was the Canaanite god responsible for rain, lightning, Elijah not only challenges Baal on behalf of his own God, Yahweh, he challenges Jezebel, her priests and the people of Israel. After Elijahs confrontation with Ahab, God tells him to out of Israel, to a hiding place by the brook Chorath, east of the Jordan. When the brook dries up, God sends him to a living in the town of Zarephath in Phoenicia. When Elijah finds her and asks to be fed, she says that she not have sufficient food to keep her and her own son alive
Anastasia of Sirmium
Saint Anastasia is a Christian saint and martyr who died at Sirmium in the Roman province of Pannonia Secunda. In the Orthodox Church, she is venerated as St. Anastasia the Pharmakolytria, one legend makes her the daughter of a certain Praetextus and the pupil of Saint Chrysogonus. Catholic tradition states that her mother was St. Fausta of Sirmium, Anastasia has long been venerated as a healer and exorcist. Her relics lie in the Cathedral of St. Anastasia in Zadar and she is one of seven women, who along with the Blessed Virgin Mary, are commemorated by name in the Canon of the Mass. This martyr enjoys the distinction, unique in the Roman liturgy, she is not a Roman saint, for she suffered martyrdom at Sirmium, and was venerated at Rome until almost the end of the 5th century. It is true that a legend, not earlier than the 6th century, makes Anastasia a Roman. The same legend connects her name with that of St. Chrysogonus, likewise not a Roman martyr, according to this Passio, Anastasia was the daughter of Praetextatus, a Roman vir illustris, and had Chrysogonus for a teacher.
Early in the persecution of Diocletian the Emperor summoned Chrysogonus to Aquileia where he suffered martyrdom, the whole account is purely legendary, and rests on no historical foundations. All that is certain is that a martyr named Anastasia gave her life for the faith in Sirmium, the so-called Martyrologium Hieronymianum records her name on 25 December, not for Sirmium alone, but for Constantinople, a circumstance based on a separate story. Similarly St. Anastasia was introduced into Rome from Sirmium by means of an existing church. As this church was quite famous, it brought the feast day of the saint into especial prominence. There existed in Rome from the 4th century, at the foot of the Palatine Hill and above the Circus Maximus and it was known as titulus Anastasiae, and is mentioned as such in the Acts of the Roman Council of 499. Within its jurisdiction was the Palatine where the court was located. Anastasia at the foot of the Palatine, at all events the insertion of her name into the Roman Canon of the Mass towards the end of the 5th century, show that she occupied a unique position among the saints publicly venerated at Rome.
Thenceforth the church on the Palatine is known as titulus sanctae Anastasiae, john Lateran, the mother-church of Rome, and Santa Maria Maggiore. This ancient sanctuary stands today quite isolated amid the ruins of Rome, the commemoration of St. Anastasia in the second Mass on Christmas Day is the last remnant of the former prominence enjoyed by this saint and her church in the life of Christian Rome. According to tradition, St. Donatus of Zadar brought Anastasias relics to Zadar from Constantinople and they had been ordered by Charlemagne to negotiate the border between the Byzantine Empire and the Croatian territories that were under the dominion of Charlemagnes Frankish Empire. The Orthodox Church venerates St. Anastasia as a Great Martyr, usually referring to her as Anastasia the Deliverer from Potions, Anastasia the Healer or Anastasia of Sirmium
Gabriel, born Goderdzi Urgebadze was a Georgian Orthodox monk venerated for his dedicated monastic life and piety. With many miracles ascribed to him, Gabriels grave at Mtskheta has attracted a number of pilgrims. The Georgian Orthodox Church officially canonized him as Holy Father St. Gabriel and Fool for Christ, Gabriel was born as Goderdzi Urgebadze in Tbilisi in the family of a Communist Party functionary, who was murdered in 1931. After a compulsory service in the Soviet army, he decided to join the life and was ordained into monkhood under the name of Gabriel in 1955. He made himself famous by tearing down a banner depicting Vladimir Lenin during an International Workers Day parade in downtown Tbilisi in 1965 and he was arrested, ruled to be psychotic, and confined to a mental hospital for seven months. An account of incident was published in the West. Gabriel spent much of his life at the convent of Saint Nino, a nunnery attached to the Samtavro church in Mtskheta. He died there in 1995 and was buried at the Samtavro churchyard, the monk Gabriel is believed by the Orthodox followers to have possessed powers of healing and prophecy, while his remains are considered to be incorrupt.
The oil from a lamp which burned at his tomb in Mtskheta was considered to have been miraculous. The grave became a popular site of pilgrimage. In 2012, the Georgian Orthodox Church officially recognized him as a saint, the church officials and the nun eventually dismissed the rumors as false. The relics of Gabriel were exhumed for reburial into a crypt within the Samtavro monastery in February 2014. Prior to the reburial, his body was rested at four major Orthodox cathedrals in Georgia, on 31 January 2017, a meeting dedicated to the Venerable Confessor Gabriel was held at St Tikhon’s Orthodox University of Humanities in Moscow. Those who attended the meeting were shown a documentary about the life, Confessor of Christ in present day Georgia, The Orthodox Word,1992, USA Official website, www. monkgabriel. ge
A saint, historically known as a hallow, is a term used for a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness to God. Depending on the context and denomination, the term retains its original Christian meaning, as any believer who is in Christ and in whom Christ dwells, whether in Heaven or on Earth. Depending on the religion, saints are recognized either by official ecclesiastical declaration, the English word saint comes from the Latin sanctus. The word translated the Greek ἅγιος, which derives from the verb ἁγιάζω, the word ἅγιος appears 229 times in the Greek New Testament, and its English translation 60 times in the corresponding text of the King James Version of the Bible. In the New Testament, saint did not denote the deceased who had recognized as especially holy or emulable. Many religions use similar concepts to venerate persons worthy of some honor, the anthropologist Lawrence Babb in an article about Sathya Sai Baba asks the question Who is a saint.
These saintly figures, he asserts, are the points of spiritual force-fields. They exert powerful attractive influence on followers but touch the lives of others in transforming ways as well. In the Bible, only one person is called a saint, They envied Moses in the camp. The apostle Paul declared himself to be less than the least of all saints in Ephesians 3,8, in the Catholic Church, a saint is anyone in Heaven, whether recognized on Earth or not. There are many persons that the Church believes to be in Heaven who have not been formally canonized, sometimes the word saint denotes living Christians. They remind us that the Church is holy, can never stop being holy and is called to show the holiness of God by living the life of Christ, the Catholic Church teaches that it does not make or create saints, but rather recognizes them. Proofs of heroicity required in the process of beatification will serve to illustrate in detail the general principles exposed above upon proof of their holiness or likeness to God.
On 3 January 993, Pope John XV became the first pope to proclaim a person a saint, on the petition of the German ruler, before that time, the popular cults, or venerations, of saints had been local and spontaneous. Pope John XVIII subsequently permitted a cult of five Polish martyrs, walter of Pontoise was the last person in Western Europe to be canonized by an authority other than the Pope, Hugh de Boves, the Archbishop of Rouen, canonized him in 1153. Thenceforth a decree of Pope Alexander III in 1170 reserved the prerogative of canonization to the Pope, one source claims that there are over 10,000 named saints and beatified people from history, the Roman Martyrology and Orthodox sources, but no definitive head count. Alban Butler published Lives of the Saints in 1756, including a total of 1,486 saints, the latest revision of this book, edited by Rev. Herbert Thurston, SJ and British author Donald Attwater, contains the lives of 2,565 saints. Monsignor Robert Sarno, an official of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints of the Holy See, expressed that it is impossible to give an exact number of saints
Alexius, Metropolitan of Kiev
Saint Alexius was Metropolitan of Kiev and all Russia, and presided over the Moscow government during Dmitrii Donskois minority. Alexius, whose name at birth was Elephtherios, was a son of Fyodor Biakont and he took monastic vows at the Epiphany Monastery of Moscow around 1313, at which time he was given the religious name of Alexius. In 1333 or so, he joined the household of Metropolitan Theognostus, in 1340, Alexius was appointed the Metropolitans deputy in Vladimir and twelve years was consecrated as Bishop of Vladimir. By the will of Symeon the Proud, Alexius was appointed adviser to his brothers – Ivan, after visiting Constantinople, he was chosen to become the Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia in 1354. When Dmitrii Donskoi and Vladimir the Bold were young, Alexius was their spiritual tutor, in 1357, Alexius was summoned by Jani Beg, the Khan of the Golden Horde, to cure his mother Taidula Khatun from blindness. The metropolitans success is held to have prevented a Tatar raid on Moscow, in 1360s, Alexius founded the Andronikov and Alekseyevsky monasteries.
He promoted Metropolitan Peters canonization by the Russian Orthodox Church, shortly before his death, Alexius fruitlessly tried to convince Sergius of Radonezh to become his successor. Alexius was an author of a number of sermons and epistles and he was glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church in 1448 and has been revered as one of the patron saints of Moscow. February 12, May 20, and October 5 and his relics are venerated in Ephiphany Cathedral in Elokhovo. 2012 film The Horde is a highly fictionalised narrative of how Alexius healed Taidula from blindness, st Alexis the Metropolitan of Moscow and Wonderworker of All Russia
A miracle is an event not explicable by natural or scientific laws. Such an event may be attributed to a supernatural being, magic, a miracle worker, other such miracles might be, survival of an illness diagnosed as terminal, escaping a life-threatening situation or beating the odds. Some coincidences may be seen as miracles, a true miracle would, by definition, be a non-natural phenomenon, leading many rational and scientific thinkers to dismiss them as physically impossible or impossible to confirm by their nature. The former position is expressed for instance by Thomas Jefferson and the latter by David Hume, theologians typically say that, with divine providence, God regularly works through nature yet, as a creator, is free to work without, above, or against it as well. The possibility and probability of miracles are equal to the possibility and probability of the existence of God, a miracle is a phenomenon not explained by known laws of nature. Criteria for classifying an event as a miracle vary, often a religious text, such as the Bible or Quran, states that a miracle occurred, and believers may accept this as a fact.
British mathematician J. E. Littlewood suggested that individuals should statistically expect one-in-a-million events to happen to them at the rate of one per month. By Littlewoods definition, seemingly miraculous events are actually commonplace, the Aristotelian view of God does not include direct intervention in the order of the natural world. Jewish neo-Aristotelian philosophers, who are influential today, include Maimonides, Samuel ben Judah ibn Tibbon. Directly or indirectly, their views are still prevalent in much of the religious Jewish community, in his Tractatus Theologico-Politicus Spinoza claims that miracles are merely lawlike events whose causes we are ignorant of. We should not treat them as having no cause or of having a cause immediately available, rather the miracle is for combating the ignorance it entails, like a political project. According to the philosopher David Hume, a miracle is a transgression of a law of nature by a particular volition of the Deity, or by the interposition of some invisible agent.
According to the Christian theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher every event, even the most natural and usual, james Keller states that The claim that God has worked a miracle implies that God has singled out certain persons for some benefit which many others do not receive implies that God is unfair. If God intervenes to save life in a car crash. Thus an all-powerful, all-knowing and just God, as predicated in Christianity, the Haedong Kosung-jon of Korea records that King Beopheung of Silla had desired to promulgate Buddhism as the state religion. However, officials in his court opposed him, in the fourteenth year of his reign, Beopheungs Grand Secretary, devised a strategy to overcome court opposition. Ichadon schemed with the king, convincing him to make a proclamation granting Buddhism official state sanction using the royal seal, Ichadon told the king to deny having made such a proclamation when the opposing officials received it and demanded an explanation. Instead, Ichadon would confess and accept the punishment of execution, Ichadon prophesied to the king that at his execution a wonderful miracle would convince the opposing court faction of Buddhisms power
Constantine of Murom
Constantine of Murom was a direct descendant of Vladimir I of Kiev and the son of Prince Svyatoslav of Chernigov. At Constantines request, his father assigned him to rule the city of Murom, which at the time was inhabited by pagans, that he might spread Christianity in that region. However, he made no headway in converting them to Christianity, according to legend, when he appeared before them bearing what is now known as the Murom-Ryazan icon of the Theotokos, they quieted down and bowed reverently before the holy image. His son Fyodor, with his support, continued the work in the surrounding countryside. He is commemorated in the Russian Orthodox Church on May 21 and his wife Irene is venerated at Murom. The richly decorated Cathedral of the Annunciation was reportedly founded by Prince Constantinin in 1205 and it became a monastery under Ivan the Terrible and was ruined by the Poles during the Time of Troubles. In 1664 it was rebuilt by wealthy merchant and arts patron Tarasy Tsvetnov, the monastery features the relics of Constantin and his sons Mikhail and Fyodor.
After praying there, they guard and patrol the city, the icon shows a full-length representation of the Mother of God with a star sending forth rays of light in the background. The origin of its name is connected with the hymns in honor of the Most Holy Theotokos. Standing on Her right hand is the Infant Jesus, at Her feet are Murom saints, Sts Constantine and Fyodor arrayed in princely robes and Sts Petr and Uliania clad in monastic habits. In the bottom part of the icon is the following inscription, a reference in Russian Orthodox Calendar Life of the saint from the website of the Orthodox Church in America
Saint Dymphna is a Catholic saint. According to tradition, she lived in the 7th century and was the daughter of a pagan Irish king and she was murdered by her father. The story of Saint Dymphna was first recorded in the 13th century by a canon of the Church of St. Aubert at Cambrai and it was commissioned by Guiard of Laon, the Bishop of Cambrai. The author expressly stated that his work was based upon an oral tradition. According to Christian tradition, Dymphna was born in Ireland in the 7th century, Dymphnas father Damon, a petty king of Oriel, was a pagan, but her mother was a devout Christian. When Dymphna was 14 years old, she consecrated herself to Christ, Damon had loved his wife deeply, and in the aftermath of her death his mental health sharply deteriorated. Eventually the kings counsellors pressed him to remarry, Damon agreed, but only on the condition that his bride would be as beautiful as his deceased wife. After searching fruitlessly, Damon began to desire his daughter because of her resemblance to her mother.
When Dymphna learned of her fathers intentions she swore to uphold her vows, together they sailed towards the continent, eventually landing in what is present-day Belgium, where they took refuge in the town of Geel. One tradition states that once settled in Geel, St. Dymphna built a hospice for the poor and sick of the region. However, it was through the use of her wealth that her father would eventually ascertain her whereabouts, Damon sent his agents to pursue his daughter and her companions. When their hiding place was discovered, Damon travelled to Geel to recover his daughter, Damon ordered his soldiers to kill Father Gerebernus and tried to force Dymphna to return with him to Ireland, but she resisted. Furious, Damon drew his sword and struck off his daughters head and she was said to have been 15 years old when she died. After Dymphna and Gerebernus were martyred, the residents of Geel buried them in a nearby cave, years later, they decided to move the remains to a more suitable location.
Some of her remains are at the Shrine to Saint Dymphna in the United States, in 1349 a church honouring Saint Dymphna was built in Geel. By 1480, so many pilgrims were coming from all over Europe, seeking treatment for the mentally ill, soon the sanctuary for the mad was again full to overflowing, and the townspeople began taking them into their own homes. Thus began a tradition for the care of the mentally ill that has endured for over 700 years and is still studied and envied today. Patients were, and still are, taken into the inhabitants of Geels homes, never called patients, they are called boarders, and are treated as ordinary and useful members of the town
Elisha is a Hebrew prophet and a wonder-worker whose life is documented in the Hebrew Bible. Also mentioned in the New Testament and the Quran, Elisha is venerated as a prophet in Judaism, amongst new religious movements, Baháí writings refer to him by name. His name is transliterated into English as Elisha via Hebrew, Eliseus via Greek and Latin, or Alyasa via Arabic. He was a disciple of Elijah and, after Elijah was taken up into the whirlwind, Elishas story is related in the Book of Kings in the Hebrew Bible. He was a prophet and a wonder-worker of the Northern Kingdom of Israel who was active during the reign of Joram, Jehoahaz, Elisha was the son of Shaphat, a wealthy land-owner of Abel-meholah, he became the attendant and disciple of Elijah. His name first occurs in the given to Elijah to anoint him as his successor. After learning in the cave on Mount Horeb, that Elisha, on his way from Sinai to Damascus, Elijah found Elisha one of them that were ploughing with twelve yoke of oxen. Elisha delayed only long enough to kill the yoke of oxen and he went over to him, threw his mantle over Elishas shoulders, and at once adopted him as a son, investing him with the prophetic office.
Elisha accepted this call about four years before the death of Israels King Ahab, for the next seven or eight years Elisha became Elijahs close attendant until Elijah was taken up into heaven. During all these years we hear nothing of Elisha except in connection with the scenes of Elijahs life. After he had shared this farewell repast with his father and friends, the chosen prophet went after Elijah. Elisha was separated from Elijah by a chariot. Before Elijah was taken up into the whirlwind, Elisha asked to inherit a double-portion of Elijahs spirit. Some scholars see this as indicative of the property inheritance customs of the time, in this interpretation Elisha is asking that he may be seen as the rightful heir and successor to Elijah. Critics of this point out that Elisha was already appointed as Elijahs successor earlier in the narrative. In this interpretation the double-portion isnt merely an allusion to primacy in succession, before he settled in Samaria, Elisha passed some time on Mount Carmel.
When the armies of Judah and Edom, allied against Mesha and his double prediction regarding relief from drought and victory over the Moabites was fulfilled on the following morning. When a group of boys from Bethel taunted the prophet for his baldness, Elisha cursed them in the name of Yahweh and he became noted in Israel, and for six decades held the office of prophet in Israel
Andrew Corsini, O. Carm. was an Italian Carmelite friar and bishop of Fiesole, who is honored as a saint within the Catholic Church. Corsini was born in Florence on November 30,1302, a member of the illustrious Corsini family and dissolute in youth, he became a Carmelite friar in his native city, began a life of great mortification. He studied at Paris and Avignon, on his return, Corsini became the Apostle of Florence. He was regarded as a prophet and a wonderworker, in 1348 as the Black Plague was prevalent in area, he was appointed Provincial of Tuscany by the General Chapter meeting in Metz. The following year he was named Bishop of Fiesole, the inscription on his tomb says that he was snatched from Carmel to the church and the miter of Fiesole. This likely gave rise to the story that he fled but was discovered by a child at the Charterhouse at Enna, and accepted the nomination as bishop, as the result of a vision. Reportedly, in 1373, while Corsini was celebrating the Midnight Mass of Christmas Eve and it came to pass as the vision had told him, and he died on that day.
After twelve years in the episcopacy, Corsini died in his native Florence on 6 January 1374, miracles were so multiplied at his death that Pope Eugene IV permitted a public devotion to him immediately. It was only in 1629 that Pope Urban VIII formally confirmed this, in the early 18th century, Pope Clement XII, born Lorenzo Corsini, erected in the Roman Basilica of St. John Lateran a magnificent chapel dedicated to his 14th-century kinsman. His feast is kept on February 4 in the Carmelite Order and in the cities of Florence, book of the First Monks Constitutions of the Carmelite Order Carmelite Rite Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Thomas Joseph. Attwater and Catherine Rachel John, lives of the Saints, Andrew Corsini Catholic Forum, Andrew Corsini Colonnade Statue in St Peters Square
Saints Cosmas and Damian
Saints Cosmas and Damian were reputed twin brothers and early Christian martyrs. They practiced their profession in the seaport of Aegeae, in the Roman province of Syria, accepting no payment for their services led to them being named Anargyroi, it has been said that, by this, they attracted many to the Christian faith. Nothing is known of their lives except that they suffered martyrdom in Syria during the persecution of the Emperor Diocletian, according to Christian traditions, the twin brothers were born in Arabia and became skilled doctors. During the persecution under Diocletian and Damian were arrested by order of the Prefect of Cilicia, one Lysias who is otherwise unknown, who ordered them under torture to recant. However, according to legend they stayed true to their faith, enduring being hung on a cross and shot by arrows, anthimus and Euprepius, their younger brothers, who were inseparable from them throughout life, shared in their martyrdom. As early as the 4th century, churches dedicated to the saints were established at Jerusalem, in Egypt.
Devotion to the two saints spread rapidly in both East and West, theodoret records the division of their reputed relics. Their relics, deemed miraculous, were buried in the city of Cyrrus in Syria, at Rome Pope Felix IV rededicated the Library of Peace as a basilica of Santi Cosma e Damiano in the Forum of Vespasian in their honour. The church is much rebuilt but still famed for its sixth-century mosaics illustrating the saints, what are said to be their skulls are venerated in the convent of the Clares in Madrid, where they have been since 1581, the gift of Maria, daughter of Emperor Charles V. They had previously removed from Rome to Bremen in the tenth century. Other skulls said to be theirs were discovered in 1334 by Burchard Grelle and he personally miraculously retrieved the relics of the holy physicians Cosmas and Damian, which were allegedly immured and forgotten in the choir of the Bremen Cathedral. In celebration of the retrieval Archbishop and Chapter arranged a feast at Pentecost 1335, Grelle claimed the relics were those Archbishop Adaldag brought from Rome in 965.
The cathedral master-builder Johann Hemeling made a shrine for the relics, the shrine, made from carved oak wood covered with gilt and rolled silver is considered an important mediaeval gold work. In 1649 Bremens Chapter, Lutheran by this time, sold the shrine without the heads to Maximilian I of Bavaria, the two heads remained in Bremen and came into the possession of the small Roman Catholic community. They were shown from 1934 to 1968 in the Church of St. Johann, the shrine is now shown in the Jesuit church of St Michael in Munich. At least since 1413 another supposed pair of skulls of the saints has been stored in St Stephenss Cathedral in Vienna, in Canada it has been moved to Sept.25. Sts Cosmas and Damian are regarded as the patrons of physicians and surgeons and are represented with medical emblems. The ritual consists of first offering the food to seven children that are no older than seven years old and having them feast while sitting on the floor, only after all children have finished can the guests enjoy the food that is being offered
Colette of Corbie
Colette of Corbie, P. C. C. was a French abbess and the foundress of the Colettine Poor Clares, a reform branch of the Order of Saint Clare, better known as the Poor Clares. She is honored as a saint in the Catholic Church, due to a number of miraculous events claimed during her life, she is venerated as the patron saint of women seeking to conceive, expectant mothers and sick children. Her contemporary biographers say that her parents had grown old without having children and their prayers were answered when, at the age of 60, Marguerite gave birth to a daughter. Out of gratitude, they named the baby after the saint to whom they credited the miracle of her birth and she was affectionately called Nicolette by her parents, which soon came to be shorted to Colette, by which name she is known. After her parents died in 1399, Colette joined the Beguines and she received the habit of the Third Order of St. Francis in 1402, and became a hermit under the direction of the Abbot of Corbie, living near the abbey church.
In October 1406, she turned to the Antipope Benedict XIII of Avignon who was recognized in France as the rightful pope, Benedict received her in Nice, in southern France, and allowed her to transfer to the Order of Poor Clares. Additionally, he empowered her through several papal bulls, issued between 1406 and 1412, to found new monasteries and to complete the reform of the Order. With the approval of the Countess of Geneva and the aid of the Franciscan itinerant preacher, Henry de Beaume, Colette began her work at Beaune and she remained there only a short time. In 1410, she opened her first monastery at Besançon, in a house of Urbanist Poor Clares. From there, her reform spread to Auxonne, to Poligny, to Ghent, to Heidelberg, to Amiens, to Pont-à-Mousson in Lorraine, during her lifetime 18 monasteries of her reform were founded. For the monasteries which followed her reform, she prescribed extreme poverty, going barefoot, Colette died at Ghent in March 1447. Colette was beatified 23 January 1740, by Pope Clement XII and was canonized 24 May 1807 by Pope Pius VII and she is invoked by childless couples desiring to become parents, and is the patroness of expectant mothers, and sick infants.
Currently outside France the Colettine nuns are found in Belgium, Ireland, Norway, the Philippines and throughout the United Kingdom and the United States. Together with friar Henry of Beaume, Colette inaugurated a reform among the Franciscan friars, in 1448 they had only thirteen friaries, all attached to monasteries of the Colettine nuns. Together with other branches of the Friars Minor, they were merged into the wider Observant branch in 1517 by Pope Leo X. While traveling to Nice to meet Pope Benedict, Colette stayed at the home of a friend and his wife was in labor at that time with their third child, and was having major difficulties in the childbirth, leaving her in danger of death. Colette immediately went to the church to pray for her. The mother gave birth successfully, and survived the ordeal and she credited Colettes prayers for this