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Pages in category "Zrinski"
The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zrinski family.|
The following 16 pages are in this category, out of 16 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
1. Zrinski family – Already by the end of the twelfth century, the Šubić family, whose fief was Bribir, held the title of princes. Later, their power increased, so that they acquired the territory between the rivers Krka and Zrmanja and the sea by the 13th century. At the outset of the 14th century, Paul I Šubić of Bribir was the longest-ruling Ban of Croatia and his son was Paul II Šubić of Bribir. Paul Is grandson was the first Zrinski, Juraj III, Šubić of Bribir, who took the title Juraj I. His cousin, princess Jelena Šubić, was at the time married to Vladislav Kotromanić. Their first-born child, Tvrtko I, became the Ban of Bosnia and their niece and adopted daughter, Elizabeta Kotromanić, married Louis I the Great. Elizabeths and Louis daughters succeeded their father and became queens in their own right, as Mary of Hungary, the Zrinskis were Croats and played a crucial role in the history of the Croatian state, both before their arrival in Zrin and later. On the other hand, they are identified as hungarus or natio hungarica. They were among many families in the Kingdom of Hungary. In the 16th century, Ban Nikola Šubić Zrinski gained dominion over Međimurje County in the northernmost part of Croatia with its capital Čakovec. Because they lived, worked, and intermarried with nobility from all parts of the kingdom, it was natural. It is certain, that Nikola Zrinski spoke at least Croatian, Hungarian, Italian, Turkish and it is of interest that he was the most prominent Hungarian poet in the 17th century, while his brother Peter is known for his poems in Croatian language. Among the many personalities of the family, there were a few women. Katarina Zrinska, a poet, was born in the Frankopan family. Her daughter, Jelena Zrinska, was the wife of Francis I Rákóczi, the estates of Zrinski and Frankopan families were confiscated and their surviving members relocated. The last male Zrinski descendants were Adam Zrinski, son of Nikola Zrinski and he inherited from his father the large and valuable Bibliotheca Zriniana. Died in the Battle of Slankamen in 1691, accidentally shot in his back by one of his fellow soldiers, ivan Antun Zrinski, son of Petar Zrinski, was Habsburg army officer, who was accused of high treason and died after years in dungeons. Theres a possibility that descendants of the Zrinski family are still alive in Greece under the family name Sdrinias, some castles, like Dubovac, Kraljevica, Ozalj, Severin na Kupi and others were jointly owned with Frankopan family
2. Adam Zrinski – Adam Zrinski was a Croatian count and officer in Habsburg Monarchy army service, a member of the Zrinski noble family. Adam Zrinski was the son of Croatian Ban Nikola Zrinski and his second wife Maria Sophia Löbl and his father was killed on November 18,1664, in a hunting accident by a wounded wild boar, when Adam was only two years old. So he grew up with his mother and sister Marija Katarina, finishing high education at University of Vienna, in 1684 he married an Austrian countess Maria Katarina Lamberg, but they had no children. From his father he inherited Bibliotheca Zriniana, one of the largest and most valuable individual compacted libraries ever appeared in Croatia, fortunately the library has been almost fully saved during the turbulent centuries and is stored now in the Croatian National and University Library in Zagreb. During his career Adam Zrinski reached the rank of lieutenant-colonel of the Austrian cavalry and he was only 28, when he was killed during the Battle of Slankamen in 1691, as one of his fellow soldiers shot him in his back. He was one of the last male members of the famous Croatian noble family Zrinski
3. Juraj IV Zrinski – Juraj IV Zrinski, was a Croatian count, a member of the Zrinski noble family. He was the son of Croatian Ban Nikola Šubić Zrinski, the hero of Szigetvar, and his wife Katarina Zrinski née Frankopan, a Croatian countess. From his father he inherited a number of estates, among which was the Međimurje County. Like his father, he was the Master of the treasury in the Kingdom of Hungary, on the other hand, his contribution was the introduction of book printing into northern Croatia. In the early 70s of the 16th century he invited an Austrian printer and grafic expert named Rudolf Hoffhalter to found an office in Nedelišće. On May 29,1579 he granted privileges to the inhabitants of the Čakovec fortress and this was the starting point for Čakovec to become a free market town and the date is celebrated today as Čakovec City Day. Juraj IV Zrinski was married twice and had four children and his sons Nicholas and George succeeded him when he died in 1603. He was buried in Pauline monastery of Sveta Jelena near Čakovec, http, //www. tzm. hr/article. php. g=42 http, //bib. irb. hr/prikazi-rad. &rad=173056 Drawing of Juraj IV Zrinski on a horse
4. Juraj V Zrinski – Juraj V Zrinski was a Croatian Ban, warrior and member of the Zrinski noble family. Juraj V Zrinski was born in Čakovec, a town in the Međimurje County and he was the son of Count Juraj IV Zrinski, Master of the treasury in the Kingdom of Hungary and Croatia, and Countess Sofija Zrinski née Stubenberg. Educated in Protestantism, he turned to Catholicism and purified his estates from Lutheranism. On November 15,1622, Zrinski was appointed Ban of Croatia, at that time, he was widely recognized as a brave and courageous warrior. He fought the Turks in many battles and his wife Magdalena née Széchy bore him two children, Nikola Zrinski and Petar Zrinski, who both later became distinguished Croatian bans and died a violent death. Juraj Zrinski died in a camp near Pressburg, during the Thirty Years War. His chivalry and rapier-tonguedness were, unfortunately, a thorn in his superiors, general Albrecht von Wallensteins, side, at an age of only 27, the ban was buried in Pauline monastery of Sveta Jelena near Čakovec, next to the graves of his ancestors
5. Nikola III Zrinski – Nikola III Zrinski, was a Croatian nobleman, a member of the Zrinski noble family, influential in the Kingdom of Croatia. Born as the son of Petar II Zrinski, who had fallen in the battle of Krbava field and he was married to Jelena Karlović, the princess of Krbava, a sister of Ivan Karlović, future Ban of Croatia. She bore him six children, among them Nikola Šubić Zrinski, one of the greatest military leaders in Croatian history, Nikola is known for his attendance of the 1527 election in Cetin when Ferdinand I, Archduke of Austria was elected the new king of Croatia. Among the seals of six Croatian noblemen on the charter confirming the election there is also his seal, moreover, some historians believe that Zrinski was the one who played the crucial role for Ferdinands choice. In his Gvozdansko Castle, not far from Zrin, he had his own coins minted. There were silver, gold and lead ore mines, smelteries, foundries, in the time of the threatening Ottoman danger, Nikola III Zrinski died in Zrin and was buried in the neighbouring Franciscan church of St. Margaret. He was succeeded by his son Nikola IV, future Ban of Croatia, Nikola III Zrinski in an essay of the archaeological topography of the regions Kostajnica and Dvor The mining and minting rights of Croatian aristocracy
6. Nikola VI Zrinski – Nikola VI Zrinski, was a Croatian count, a member of the Zrinski noble family. He was the son of Croatian count Juraj IV Zrinski and the grandson of the famous Croatian Ban Nikola Šubić Zrinski and his younger brother Juraj V became the Croatian Ban in 1622. On those estates there were about thirty castles and fortifications protected and defended them. In his marriage with countess Anna Nádasdy there were no children, less than two years later, after Jurajs sudden death, his sons Nikola VII and Petar IV, both future distinguished Croatian Bans, became his successors. House of Zrinski Zrinski family tree Čakovec Castle Marek, Miroslav, Nikola VI Zrinski - owner of the Božjakovina estate History of Međimurje County Nikola VI Zrinski in Hungarian sources
7. Ozalj Castle – Ozalj Castle is a castle in the town of Ozalj, Croatia. The Ozalj fortress, located on the stone cliff perched above the Kupa River, is one of the fortifications of this type in Croatia. It is an old stronghold that has been converted into a castle. The popularity of this castle is because this was the joint castle of the Croatian noble families of Frankopan, in fact, it was the scene of the unlucky Zrinski–Frankopan conspiracy, which significantly marked the history of Croatia. In the castle there is a museum and a library, media related to Ozalj Castle at Wikimedia Commons Frankopan Zrinski Zrinski–Frankopan conspiracy
8. Petar Zrinski – Petar Zrinski was a Croatian Ban and writer. A member of the Zrinski noble family, he was noted for his role in the attempted Croatian-Hungarian rebellion of 1664-1670 which ultimately led to his execution for high treason. Petar Zrinski was born in Vrbovec, a town near Zagreb. His father and great-grandfather had been viceroys or Ban of Croatia and his brother was the Croatian-Hungarian general and poet Miklós Zrínyi. His family had possessed large estates throughout all of Croatia and had ties with the second largest Croatian landowners. He married Anna Katarina, the half-sister of Fran Krsto Frankopan, through his daughter, Ilona Zrínyi, he was the grandfather of famed Hungarian general Francis II Rákóczi. During the Austro–Turkish War Petar Zrinski fought the Turks at the siege of Novi Zrin Castle along with his brother Nikola, Petar Zrinski was involved in the poorly organized rebellion together with his older brother Nikola Zrinski and his brother-in-law Fran Krsto Frankopan and Hungarian noblemen. Petar succeeded his brother as Ban of Croatia, the Austrians also had informants inside the group of nobles. However, no action was taken, because the conspirators had made little traction and were bound by inaction, Zrinski and Frankopan, unaware of their detection, nevertheless continued planning the plot. When they tried to trigger a revolt by taking command of the Croatian troops, they were repulsed. Finding themselves in a position, they finally went to Vienna to ask emperor Leopold I of the Habsburg dynasty for pardon. They were offered safe conduct but were arrested, a tribunal chaired by chancellor Johann Paul Hocher sentenced them to death for high treason on 23 and 25 April 1671. For Petar Zrinski the verdict was read as follows, Zrinski and Frankopan were executed by beheading on 30 April 1671 in Wiener Neustadt. The oldest daughter Jelena, already married in northeastern Upper Hungary, some 2,000 other nobles were arrested as part of a mass crackdown. Two more leading conspirators — Ferenc Nádasdy, Chief Justice of Hungary, in the view of Emperor Leopold, the Croats and Hungarians had forfeited their right to self-administration through their role in the attempted rebellion. Leopold suspended the constitution - already, the Zrinski trial had been conducted by an Austrian, not a Hungarian court -, beside being one of the most important military figures of 17th century Croatia, Zrinski is also known for his literary works. Along with his wife Katarina, brother Nikola VII Zrinski and brother-in-law Fran Krsto Frankopan he contributed greatly to 17th century Croatian poetry, the bones of Zrinski and Frankopan were found in Austria in 1907 and brought to Zagreb in 1919, where they were reburied in the Zagreb Cathedral. Zrinski and Frankopan are still regarded as national heroes in Croatia as well as Hungary
9. Sveta Jelena – Sveta Jelena is a historic medieval site in Međimurje County, northern Croatia. Originally a distinct settlement, Sveta Jelena is part of the Šenkovec municipality, the site is well known for its Pauline monastery of Sveta Jelena and associated facilities. Members of the Zrinski noble family were buried in a mausoleum there, from the whole monastery complex, only the Saint Helens Chapel still exists. The monastery itself was founded by Stjepan II Lacković, Lord of Međimurje and Ban of Croatia, on August 27,1376, and dedicated to Blessed Virgin Mary and All Saints. After Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor and the King of Croatia abolished the Paulists provinces in his Empire on February 7,1786, over time, the monastery complex had to be rebuilt several times after being damaged by disasters such as fires and earthquakes. In particular, a earthquake in 1880 nearly destroyed the building. Partial archaeological excavations have been carried out recently by the local Međimurje Museum in Čakovec
10. Katarina Zrinska – Countess Ana Katarina Zrinska was a Croatian noblewoman and poet, born into the House of Frankopan noble family. She married Count Petar Zrinski of the House of Zrinski in 1641 and she is remembered in Croatia as a patron of the arts, a writer and patriot. She died in obscurity in a monastery in Graz following the downfall of the Zrinski-Frankopan conspiracy in 1671, in the early 20th century, and especially after World War I, numerous Croatian womens associations were founded bearing her name. Fran Krsto Frankopan, also a nobleman, was her half brother. She was homeschooled in her youth, and learned German during her childhood years along with Hungarian, Latin, in 1641 she married the Croatian nobleman Petar Zrinski in Karlovac, who later went on to become Ban of Croatia following his brother Nikola Zrinskis death in 1664. After marrying Petar the pair spent most of their time at Ozalj Castle and it is said that Katarina was very well educated and an erudite, largely thanks to the well-stocked private libraries in both her fathers and husbands homes. In 1660 she wrote a book titled Putni tovaruš, and had it printed in 1661 in the Republic of Venice before presenting it as a gift to the 17th century Croatian lexicographer Ivan Belostenec. Katarina and Petar had four children, born between 1643 and 1658, Jelena Known as Jelena Zrinska in Croatia and Ilona Zrínyi in Hungary, after his death in 1676, she married her second husband Imre Thököly, a Hungarian statesman and Prince of Transylvania, in 1682. She was also mother to Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburgs in the early 18th century. In her later years she spent 7 years interned in an Ursuline convent in Austria before being exiled to Turkey in 1699 where she died four years later in 1703. She is today celebrated in both Croatia and Hungary as one of the greatest national heroines and patriots in her own right. Judita Petronela One of the two Katarinas daughters who spent the majority of their life in convents, Judita died as a nun in a Poor Clares convent in Zagreb. Ivan IV Antun Baltazar In Croatia known as Ivan Antun Zrinski, after a short military career demonstrating his loyalty to the State, he was later charged with high treason by the Austrian authorities. He was imprisoned first at Rattenberg in Tyrol and then at Grazer Schloßberg and he eventually went insane and died in 1703. Aurora Veronika The pairs youngest child and the last surviving member of the once powerful House of Zrinski, following the crackdown on the Zrinski-Frankopan conspiracy, she accompanied her mother during her internment at a Dominican convent in Graz. Aurora later spent her life as a nun and eventually died in an Ursuline convent in Klagenfurt. The leaders of the conspiracy were Katarinas husband Petar Zrinski, her half brother Fran Krsto Frankopan, the conspiracy was largely unsuccessful and in March 1670 a crackdown ordered by Leopold I ensued, in which all three men were arrested and imprisoned. On 30 April 1671 both Petar and Fran Krsto were executed in Wiener Neustadt, Katarina was first arrested and imprisoned in Bruck an der Mur and then ordered into seclusion by the Vienna court
11. Ivan Antun Zrinski – Ivan Antun Zrinski, was a Croatian count, a member of the Zrinski noble family, its last male descendant. By his full name Ivan IV Antun Baltazar Zrinski was the son of Croatian Ban Petar Zrinski and he was raised in Prague and gained a high education, having spoken seven foreign languages. During his fathers rebellion against the emperor Leopold I because of the infamous Peace of Vasvár, yet, he lost all his fathers estates and became stigmatized for his whole life. He spent twenty years in Austrian dungeons, like Rattenburg in Tyrol, at the same time, his older sister Jelena, having been married to the Hungarian nobleman Francis I Rákóczi, fought the emperors forces in Upper Hungary. Exhausted, crazy and insane, the count died of pneumonia in Graz on November 11,1703, in 1944 his posthumous remains were transferred to the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Zagreb and reburied. Biography book Biography by an expert Historical chronology of the Međimurje County