Catha is a female Etruscan lunar or solar deity, who may be connected to childbirth, has a connection to the underworld. Catha is the goddess of the south sanctuary at Pyrgi, Italy, she is seen with the Etruscan god Śuri with whom she shares a cult. Catha is frequently paired with the Etruscan god Fufluns, the counterpart to the Greek god Dionysus, Pacha, the counterpart to the Roman god Bacchus. Additionally, at Pyrgi, Catha is linked with the counterpart to the Greek god Apollo. Aplu may have taken some of the characteristics of Catha when he was brought into the Etruscan religion. Giovanni Colonna has suggested that Catha is linked to the Greek Persephone since he links Catha’s consort, Suri, to Dis Pater in Roman mythology; the bulk of information regarding Catha comes from inscriptions on Etruscan artifacts. One example that shows the importance of Catha at Pyrgi is the discovery of gold earrings dating from 530 to 520 BCE which were dedicated to Catha; the Sarcophagus of Laris Pulenas from the third century BCE from Tarquinia has an epitaph stating that the deceased individual was a priest of Catha amongst many other titles.
Catha is named on the Piacenza Liver on the right lobe where the gods of the lights and heavens are listed. This suggests. On some inscriptions, Catha is referred to as “daughter”, in Martianus Capella she is referred to as “the Daughter of the Sun”, she has been called the “Eye of the Sun,”. This evidence, along with her placement on the Piacenza Liver over Usil, suggests that she may be the counterpart to the Roman Solis Filia. Catha’s underworld connections can be best seen on an Attic skyphos from a necropolis in San Cerbone dating to the 5th century BCE with an inscription stating it is dedicated to Catha. Although there are no known labeled images of Catha, Nancy de Grummond has argued that there are a number of depictions of Catha in art, she has stated. One example that she cites is a krater from Asciano from 350-300 BCE that shows a deity beside two horses instead of four. Another potential image of Catha is a figure on an antefix on the twenty-celled building on Pyrgi, again depicted with two horses.
This claim is supported by the fact that this antefix is paired with another antefix that depicts a solar divinity, Śuri, the consort of Catha. A terracotta head discovered at Pyrgi from the fourth century BCE could potentially a representation of Catha since she was a important goddess in the city. Nancy de Grummond has argued that Catha could be a lunar divinity as opposed to a solar divinity, she points out that just because Catha is called the “Daughter of the Sun” does not mean that she is a solar goddess because Selene, the moon goddess in Greek mythology, is sometimes referred to as the daughter of the Sun as well. Some kraters that illustrate Catha show the deity as having an ambiguous gender, consistent with Greek and Egyptian mythologies. Luna and Selene of Roman and Greek mythology are shown driving two-horse chariots in art. De Grummond has suggested that since Śuri is a solar god and his consort is Catha, it would make logical sense for his partner to be lunar as opposed to another solar divinity.
Bonfante, L. 2006. “Etruscan Inscriptions and Etruscan Religion.” In The Religion of the Etruscans, edited by N. T. de Grummond and E. Simon, 9-26. Austin: University of Texas Press. Colonna, G. 2006. “Sacred Architecture and the Religion of the Etruscans.” In The Religion of the Etruscans, edited by N. T. de Grummond and E. Simon, 132-168. Austin: University of Texas Press. De Grummond, N. T. 2004. “For the Mother and for the Daughter: Some Thoughts on Dedications from Etruria and Praeneste.” Hesperia Supplements 33:351-370. De Grummond, N. T. 2008. “Moon Over Pyrgi: Catha, an Etruscan Lunar Goddess?” AJA 112:419-428. Haynes, S. 2000. Etruscan Civilization: A Cultural History. Los Angeles: Getty Publications. Jannot, J. 2005. Religion in Ancient Etruria. Translated by J. K. Whitehead. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. Simon, E. 2006. “Gods in Harmony: The Etruscan Pantheon.” In The Religion of the Etruscans, edited by N. T. de Grummond and E. Simon, 45-65. Austin: University of Texas Press
"Cath..." is a song by indie rock band Death Cab for Cutie, the second single from their sixth studio album, Narrow Stairs, released on July 21, 2008 in the United Kingdom as a 7" single. The song did not earn placement on many worldwide charts or the main U. S. Billboard Hot 100 pop chart, but it managed to reach number ten on the U. S. Modern Rock Tracks chart; the music video of the song was directed by Autumn de Wilde. The video reflects the song's lyrics, the story they tell: A woman named "Cath" is about to be wed to a "well-intentioned man," yet she does not love him, is still infatuated with a former love who watches the ceremony; the video was inspired by Emily Brontë's famous novel Wuthering Heights, reflecting Catherine Earnshaw and her torment over marrying Edgar Linton when she loves Heathcliff. The band are shown sitting in what seems to be a dressing room with a grassy floor, with all four members mouthing the lyrics to the song. For promotion, the video was available for remixing on MTV's online video mixer.
UK 7" vinyl "Cath..." "Styrofoam Plates" U. S. promo CD single "Cath..." "Cath..."