Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
|Duchess of Cambridge (more)|
The Duchess in 2014
Catherine Elizabeth Middleton|
9 January 1982
Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, Berkshire, England
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
|House||Windsor (by marriage)|
|Royal family of|
the United Kingdom and the
other Commonwealth realms
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (born Catherine Elizabeth Middleton; 9 January 1982) is a member of the British royal family. Her husband, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, is expected to become king of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms, making Catherine a likely future queen consort.
Catherine grew up in Chapel Row, a village near Newbury, Berkshire, England. She studied art history in Scotland at the University of St Andrews, where she met William in 2001. Their engagement was announced in November 2010. They married on 29 April 2011 at Westminster Abbey. The Duke and Duchess's children, Prince George, Princess Charlotte, and Prince Louis of Cambridge, are third, fourth, and fifth in the line of succession to the British throne.
The Duchess of Cambridge's charity works focus mainly on issues surrounding young children, addiction, and art. To encourage people to open up about their mental issues, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry initiated the mental health awareness campaign "Heads Together" in April 2016.
The media has called Catherine's impact on British and American fashion the "Kate Middleton effect". In 2012 and 2013, Time magazine selected her as one of the 100 Most Influential People in the World.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Relationship with Prince William
- 3 Public life
- 4 Titles, styles, honours and arms
- 5 Ancestry
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 External links
Catherine Elizabeth Middleton was born at the Royal Berkshire Hospital in Reading on 9 January 1982 into an upper-middle-class family. She was baptised at St Andrew's Bradfield, Berkshire, on 20 June 1982. She is the eldest of three children born to Michael Middleton (b. 1949), and his wife, Carole (née Goldsmith; b. 1955), a former flight dispatcher and flight attendant, respectively, who in 1987 founded Party Pieces, a privately held mail order company that sells party supplies and decorations with an estimated worth of £30 million. Her father's family has ties to British aristocracy and benefited financially from trust funds which they established over 100 years ago. Her Middleton relatives were reported as having played host to British royalty "as long ago as 1926". She has a younger sister, Pippa, and a younger brother, James.
The family lived in Amman, Jordan, from May 1984 to September 1986 where her father worked for British Airways (BA). Middleton attended an English-language nursery school. When her family returned to Berkshire in 1986, she was enrolled aged four at St Andrew's School, a private school near Pangbourne in Berkshire. She boarded part-weekly at St Andrew's in her later years. She studied at Downe House School. She was a boarder at Marlborough College, a co-educational independent boarding school in Wiltshire, and graduated in 2005 from the University of St Andrews in Fife, Scotland, with an undergraduate MA (2:1 Hons) in the history of art. Before university, during a gap year, she travelled to Chile to participate in a Raleigh International programme, and studied at the British Institute of Florence in Italy. In November 2006, Middleton worked as an accessory buyer with the clothing chain Jigsaw, where she worked part-time until November 2007. She also worked until January 2011 at the family business in catalogue design and production, marketing, and photography. Prior to her marriage, Middleton lived in an apartment owned by her parents in Chelsea, London, which was estimated to be worth £1–1.4 million. In 2018, Catherine's total net worth was estimated at £5–7.3 million, most of which is from her parents' company.
Relationship with Prince William
In 2001, Middleton met Prince William while they were students in residence at St Salvator's Hall at the University of St Andrews. She reportedly caught William's eye at a charity fashion show at the university in 2002 when she appeared on the stage wearing a see-through lace dress. The couple began dating in 2003, although their relationship remained unconfirmed. During their second year, Middleton shared a flat with William and two other friends. On 17 October 2005, Middleton complained through her lawyer about harassment from the media, stating she had done nothing significant to warrant publicity.
Middleton attended Prince William's Passing Out Parade at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst on 15 December 2006. Media attention increased around the time of her 25th birthday in January 2007, prompting warnings from both the Prince of Wales and Prince William and from Middleton's lawyers, who threatened legal action. Two newspaper groups, News International, which publishes The Times and The Sun; and the Guardian Media Group, publishers of The Guardian, decided to refrain from publishing paparazzi photographs of her.
In April 2007, Prince William and Middleton split up. The couple decided to break up during a holiday in the Swiss resort of Zermatt. Newspapers speculated about the reasons for the split, although these reports relied on anonymous sources. Middleton and her family attended the Concert for Diana in July 2007 at Wembley Stadium, where she and Prince William sat two rows apart. The couple were subsequently seen together in public on a number of occasions and news sources stated that they had "rekindled their relationship". Her long-term relationship with William before the marriage earned her the nickname "Waity Katie" in the tabloid press.
On 17 May 2008, Middleton attended the wedding of Prince William's cousin Peter Phillips to Autumn Kelly, which the prince did not attend. On 19 July 2008, she was a guest at the wedding of Lady Rose Windsor and George Gilman. Prince William was away on military operations in the Caribbean, serving aboard HMS Iron Duke. In 2010, Middleton pursued an invasion of privacy claim against two agencies and photographer Niraj Tanna, who took photographs of her over Christmas 2009. She obtained a public apology, £5,000 in damages, and legal costs.
Engagement and marriage
Prince William and Catherine Middleton became engaged in October 2010, in Kenya, during a 10-day trip to the Lewa Wildlife Conservancy to celebrate his passing the RAF helicopter search and rescue course. Clarence House announced the engagement on 16 November 2010. Prince William gave Middleton the engagement ring that had belonged to his mother, Diana, Princess of Wales. The couple married in Westminster Abbey on 29 April 2011 (St. Catherine's Day), with the day declared a bank holiday in the United Kingdom. Estimates of the global audience for the wedding ranged around 300 million or more, whilst 26 million watched the event live in Britain alone. On marriage, Catherine assumed the style "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge".
In October, several months after the wedding, Commonwealth leaders pledged that they would implement changes in British royal succession law to adopt absolute primogeniture, meaning the first child of the Duke and Duchess, whether male or female, would be next in line to the throne after their father.
Motherhood and children
On 3 December 2012, St James's Palace announced that the Duchess was pregnant with her first child. The announcement was made earlier in the pregnancy than is usual as she had been admitted to King Edward VII's Hospital suffering from hyperemesis gravidarum, a severe form of morning sickness. She remained in the hospital for three days. On 14 January 2013, St James's Palace announced that the child was due to be born in July 2013, and that the Duchess's condition was improving. The Duchess was admitted to St Mary's Hospital in London in the early stages of labour on the morning of 22 July 2013 and gave birth to Prince George later that day.
The Duchess's second pregnancy was announced on 8 September 2014. As with her first pregnancy, the Duchess suffered from hyperemesis gravidarum that required her to cancel official engagements. On 2 May 2015, she gave birth to Princess Charlotte.
Middleton's first public appearance with Prince William following the announcement of their engagement was at a fundraising event organised by the Teenage Cancer Trust in December 2010. She was formally introduced to public life on 24 February 2011, two months before the wedding, when she and Prince William attended a lifeboat-naming ceremony in Trearddur, Anglesey, in North Wales. A day later they appeared in St Andrews to launch the university's 600th anniversary celebrations. In March 2011, the couple toured Belfast. Their last public engagement before the wedding was a visit to Darwen Aldridge Community Academy. On 16 February 2011, Clarence House announced the couple's first royal tour of Canada would take place in July 2011. In May 2011, shortly after the wedding, Clarence House announced the Duke and Duchess would extend their tour to visit California. This was to be the Duchess's first visit to the United States.
The Duchess's first official engagement after the wedding came in May, when she and her husband met Barack Obama, the President of the United States, and First Lady Michelle Obama. On 26 October 2011, she undertook her first solo event for In Kind Direct, stepping in for the Prince of Wales, who was in Saudi Arabia. On 2 November, the Duke and Duchess visited the UNICEF Supply Division Centre for supplying food to malnourished African children in Copenhagen, Denmark. On St. Patrick's Day, 17 March 2012, the Duchess carried out the traditional awarding of shamrocks to the Irish Guards at their base in Aldershot; this was her first solo military engagement. On 19 March, she gave her first speaking engagement for the opening of the Treehouse, a new children's hospice opened by East Anglia's Children's Hospices (EACH), a charity of which she is a patron.
In June 2012, The Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry was renamed The Royal Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry, to reflect Catherine's contribution to the charity. The Duke and Duchess were announced as ambassadors for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, alongside Prince Harry. As part of her role, the Duchess attended numerous sporting events throughout the games. In September 2012, the Duke and Duchess embarked on a tour of Singapore, Malaysia, Tuvalu, and the Solomon Islands as part of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee celebrations. During this overseas visit, she made her first official speech abroad, while visiting a hospice in Malaysia, drawing on her experience as patron of East Anglia's Children's Hospices.
After the birth of Prince George, the Duchess carried out her first engagement in late August when she accompanied the Duke to meet runners preparing for an ultra-marathon on the isle of Anglesey, where they had a residence. At the beginning of March 2014, details were announced of the half-month-long tour to New Zealand and Australia that the couple and their son would be taking from 16 to 25 April. The tour was Catherine's first visit to the area and Prince George's first major public appearance since his christening in October 2013. The tour began in New Zealand where they visited Wellington, Blenheim, Auckland, Dunedin, Queenstown and Christchurch. It ended in Australia where they visited Sydney, the Blue Mountains, Brisbane, Uluru, Adelaide, and Canberra. In June 2014, the couple visited France to attend the commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the Normandy landings at Gold Beach.
On 21 July 2014, it was announced that the Duchess would be making her first solo trip, visiting the island of Malta on 20–21 September 2014, when the island was celebrating its 50th independence anniversary. Her trip was cancelled, with the Duke taking her place, after the announcement of her second pregnancy in early September. In December 2014, the couple visited the United States and attended a charity dinner at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In April 2016, the Duchess and her husband undertook a tour to India and Bhutan. The Duke and Duchess toured Canada again in September 2016. Countries visited by the couple in 2017 include France, Poland, Germany, and Belgium. The Duchess also visited Luxembourg City in May 2017 for the Treaty of London commemorations. In January 2018, the couple visited Sweden and Norway.
In March 2011, the Duke and Duchess set up a gift fund held by The Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry to allow well-wishers who wanted to give them a wedding gift to donate money to charities they care about instead. The gift fund supported 26 charities of the couple's choice, incorporating the armed forces, children, the elderly, art, sport and conservation. These causes were close to their hearts and reflected the experiences, passions and values of their lives.
The Duchess of Cambridge's charity works focus mainly on issues surrounding young children, addiction, and art. She has a number of patronages: The Art Room, National Portrait Gallery, East Anglia's Children's Hospice, Action on Addiction, Place2Be, Natural History Museum, Anna Freud Centre, Sportsaid, and The 1851 Trust. The Duchess, who was an art student, takes an interest in art and handpicked the Art Room, which "helps disadvantaged children express themselves" through art therapy, and the National Portrait Gallery. In her capacity as patron of Action on Addiction, the Duchess has occasionally made visits to its centres, spending time with recovering addicts. The Duchess is joint Patron of 100 Women in Hedge Fund's Philanthropic Initiatives, along with Prince William and Prince Harry. She is also a local volunteer leader with the Scout Association in north Wales, of which the Queen is patron, and the Duke of Kent is president. It aims to provide activities to over 400,000 young people in the UK.
In October 2012, the Duchess gave her royal patronage to the M-PACT programme (Moving Parents and Children Together), one of the only UK programmes to focus specifically on the impact of drug addiction on families. In December 2015, she assumed the patronage of the Royal Air Force Air Cadets for youths 12–19 years of age. The Duke of Edinburgh, who had been patron of the RAF Cadets for 63 years, formally handed over during an audience at Buckingham Palace. In 2017, she replaced the Queen as patron of The Lawn Tennis Association, All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club,and Action for Children.
In January 2018, locks of her hair were reportedly donated to the Little Princess Trust, a charity which makes wigs for children diagnosed with cancer. In February 2018, the Duchess became the patron of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. She also launched Nursing Now, a three-year worldwide campaign to raise awareness about the profile of nurses. She said the campaign was personal to her as both her grandmother and great-grandmother were volunteer nurses. In March 2018, Kensington Palace announced the Duchess of Cambridge would become the first royal patron of the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Advocating for mental health
Catherine, who has tackled issues surrounding mental health and disabilities, has made visits to charities and hospitals such as St Thomas' Hospital and Maurice Wohl Clinical Neuroscience Institute to spend time with mothers and children who deal with these issues. To encourage people to open up about their mental health issues, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry initiated the mental health awareness campaign "Heads Together" in April 2016. The Duchess later voluntarily talked about her problems as a mother, and admitted that she suffered a "lack of confidence" and "feelings of ignorance" during certain periods of time.
The Duchess of Cambridge also launched the Mentally Healthy Schools, a project which helps the students and staff with access "to reliable and practical resources to improve awareness, knowledge and confidence in supporting pupils' mental health." Benita Refson, president of Place2Be, one of Catherine's patronages, has praised the Duchess's work saying she would help "shine the spotlight on child mental health." In February 2016, she travelled to Edinburgh to promote the work of Place2Be, launched Children's Mental Health Week, and contributed to the HuffPost UK as a part of the Young Minds Matter movement, an effort "to raise awareness for children's mental health issues." The Duke and Duchess later met with members and representatives of Young Minds and Youthscape to promote their mental health campaign. In recognition of their work with charities concerned with children's mental health, the Duchess and her husband were awarded the Gold Blue Peter badge, an award previously granted to the Queen. During a speech at the Royal Foundation forum in 2018, the Duchess said she would continue her work to raise awareness for mental health and said that "The mental health of children and adults is one area where a long-term view will make all the difference to future generations."
Public image and style
Middleton, prominent for her fashion style, has been placed on numerous "best dressed" lists. The Daily Telegraph selected her as the Most Promising Newcomer on its 2006 list of style winners and losers. Tatler placed her at number eight on its yearly list of the top ten style icons in 2007. People featured her on its 2007 and 2010 best-dressed lists. Middleton was named one of Richard Blackwell's ten Fabulous Fashion Independents of 2007. In June 2008, Style.com selected her as its monthly beauty icon. In July 2008, Vanity Fair included her on its international best-dressed list. In February 2011 the Global Language Monitor named her the Top Fashion buzzword of the 2011 season. In January 2012, the Headwear Association voted her Headwear Person of the Year. Middleton was number one on Vanity Fair's annual best dressed lists in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013; she also appeared as the cover star in 2012. The Duchess was named to the International Best Dressed Hall of Fame List in 2014. In 2014, she was already being regarded as a British cultural icon, with young adults from abroad naming her among a group of people who they most associated with UK culture. These included: William Shakespeare, Queen Elizabeth II, David Beckham, J. K. Rowling, The Beatles, Charlie Chaplin, Elton John and Adele. In June 2016, she took part in her first magazine shoot for Vogue's centenary issue appearing on the cover.
The "Kate Middleton effect" is the trend that the Duchess is reported to have had on others in sales of particular products. While Catherine wears items from many new designers, she has also worn dresses by Catherine Walker, who designed many of Diana's favourite evening gowns and day suits. She has worn outfits, hats and ensembles by many other fashion designers. The brands she favours are noted in the media.
The Duchess, who attended the 71st British Academy Film Awards, did not participate in Time's Up movement calling for women to wear black on the red carpet. Royal protocol forbids members of the royal family from taking part in political movements but she wore a black sash and carried a black handbag as a variation to the informal black dress code. In March 2018, together with the Countess of Wessex, the Duchess hosted the Commonwealth Fashion Exchange reception at Buckingham Palace during 2018 London Fashion Week.
Privacy and the media
The death of Diana, Princess of Wales, in Paris while being chased by paparazzi in 1997, influenced the Duke's attitude towards the media. The Duchess and her husband have asked that, when off-duty, their privacy should be respected, but the media has not always respected with their wishes.
In 2009, before her engagement to William, Middleton was awarded £10,000 damages and an apology from the photographic press agency Rex Features Ltd. after she was photographed playing tennis on Christmas Eve while on holiday in Cornwall.
In September 2012, the French edition of Closer and the Italian gossip magazine Chi, published photographs of the Duchess sun-bathing topless while on holiday at the Château d'Autet (a private château on a 260-ha estate 71 km north of Aix-en-Provence). Analysts from The Times believed the photographs were taken from the D22 (Vaucluse) road half a kilometre from the pool—a distance that would require an 800-mm or a 1000-mm lens. On 17 September 2012, the Duke and Duchess filed a criminal complaint with the French prosecution department and launched a claim for civil damages at the Tribunal de Grande Instance de Nanterre. The following day the courts granted an injunction against Closer prohibiting further publication of the photographs and announced a criminal investigation would be initiated. Under French law, punitive damages cannot be awarded but intrusions of privacy are a criminal offence carrying a maximum jail sentence of one year and a fine of up to €45,000 for individuals and €225,000 for companies. In September 2017, Closer was fined €100,000 and its editor Laurence Pieau and owner Ernesto Mauri were each fined €45,000.
In December 2012, two Australian radio hosts, Michael Christian and Mel Greig, called King Edward VII's Hospital Sister Agnes where the Duchess was an in-patient for hyperemesis gravidarum. Pretending to be the Queen and the Prince of Wales, Greig and Christian spoke to a nurse on the Duchess's ward, enquiring about her condition. Following a hospital inquiry and a public backlash against the hoax, Jacintha Saldanha, the nurse who put the call through to the ward, committed suicide. The radio hosts subsequently apologised for their actions.
In February 2013, Chi published the first photos of Catherine's exposed baby bump, taken during her vacation on the private island of Mustique. The British press refused to publish the paparazzi shots. While the Duchess was visiting the Blue Mountains in Sydney, a picture was taken of her bare bottom as her dress blew up. Many newspapers outside the UK published the picture.
On 14 August 2015, Kensington Palace published a letter detailing what it stated were the "dangerous" and invasive efforts of the media to get paparazzi pictures of Prince George and Princess Charlotte. Jason Knauf, communications secretary to the Cambridges, wrote the letter to media standards organisations in various countries.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
Catherine is, by marriage, a princess of the United Kingdom and entitled to the style of Royal Highness. She is usually styled as "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge". When in Scotland, she is referred to as the Countess of Strathearn. Northern Ireland is represented by a third title, Lady Carrickfergus.[a]
- 6 February 2012: Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
- Commonwealth honours
Honorary military appointments
- 5 July 2011 – present: Canadian Ranger
- Ontario: Their Royal Highnesses The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge Award, University of Waterloo, Waterloo
In September 2013, the Queen granted a conjugal coat of arms to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, consisting of their individual arms displayed side by side, beneath a helm and coronet denoting the duke's status as grandson of the sovereign. Below is shown the earlier grant of the duchess's personal arms, impaled with those of her husband.
The Duchess of Cambridge's father, Michael, and her paternal ancestors were from Leeds, Yorkshire. Her paternal great-grandmother Olive was a member of the Lupton family, who are described in the City of Leeds Archives as "landed gentry, a political and business dynasty"; previously unpublished pictures revealed in March 2015 that Olive Middleton had grown up on her family's Potternewton Hall Estate alongside her cousin, Baroness von Schunck (née Kate Lupton). Catherine's paternal ancestors also include her great-great-grandfather politician Francis Martineau Lupton (1848–1921), whose first cousin Sir Thomas Martineau was the uncle of World War II Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain.
The Duchess's maternal ancestors, the Harrisons, were working-class labourers and miners from Sunderland and County Durham. Ancestors through her maternal line include Sir Thomas Conyers, 9th Baronet (1731–1810), who was a descendant of King Edward IV through his illegitimate daughter Elizabeth Plantagenet. Other ancestors are Sir Thomas Fairfax (1475–1520) and his wife Anne Gascoigne, who was a descendant of King Edward III.
- Even with the title Lady Carrickfergus, she is still mostly referred to as the Duchess of Cambridge in Northern Ireland, as per given sources.
- "Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge". Current Biography Yearbook 2011. Ipswich, MA: H.W. Wilson. 2011. pp. 116–118. ISBN 978-0-8242-1121-9.
- "Queen Kate? Her Royal Highness? In search of Kate Middleton's New Title". Time. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "Royal wedding: Kate Middleton's home village of Bucklebury prepares for big day". The Telegraph. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- Saul, Heather (22 July 2013). "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge goes into labour". The Independent. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Royal baby: Kate gives birth to boy". BBC News. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to daughter". BBC News. 2 May 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Caroline Davies. "Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to baby girl". the Guardian.
- "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to boy". bbc.co.uk. 23 April 2018.
- Samuelson, Kate (25 August 2017). "How Princes William and Harry Are Carrying on Causes Close to Princess Diana's Heart". Time. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- Thomas-Bailey, Carlene; Zoe Wood (30 March 2012). "How the 'Duchess of Cambridge effect' is helping British fashion in US". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and Pippa Middleton – 2012 TIME 100: The Most Influential People in the World – TIME". TIME.com. 18 April 2012.
- "The 2013 Time 100". Time magazine. 18 April 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- Warde, Alan. "Cultural Consumption, Classification and Power". Routledge, 18 October 2013 (Page 9). Retrieved 1 May 2014.
...Kate Middleton is privately educated (courtesy of paternal family trust funds established decades ago)...and ...is from a wealthy upper-middle-class family...
- Smith, Sean. "Kate – A Biography of Kate Middleton". Simon and Schuster, 24 May 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
...family trusts were set up over 100 years ago..."(Middleton's ) family were upper-middle-class observed a family friend"...
- "Class exclusive: Seven in 10 of us belong to Middle Britain". The Independent. UK. 20 March 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
The next poshest, Kate Middleton, is regarded as upper middle class...
- Price, Joann. F. (21 March 2011). Prince William: A Biography. ABC-CLIO. p. 130. ISBN 9780313392863. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
.... She (Kate Middleton) is a woman from an upper-middle-class family...
- "'Middle-class' Duchess of Cambridge's relative wore crown and attended George V's coronation". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
"To my mind it's just silly to describe Kate as middle-class", (says Reed)
- "The Duchess of Cambridge". The Royal Household. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- Jobson 2010, p. 32.
- Adams, William Lee (14 April 2011). "Kate Middleton's Secret Confirmation: How Religious Is the Future Princess?". Time. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- Westfahl, Gary. "A Day in a Working Life: 300 Trades and Professions through History". ABC-CLIO, 21 April 2015 (page 1232). Retrieved 25 July 2017.
...Michael Middleton (1949 – ), a flight dispatcher with connections to a distinguished family...
- Bradbury, Poppy (3 May 2011), "Kate Middleton's mum's old school hosts Royal Wedding party", Ealing Gazette, archived from the original on 21 March 2012
- "Money and the Middletons". The Daily Telegraph. Australia. 21 April 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- "About us". PartyPieces.co.uk. Retrieved 9 August 2008.
- Dominic Kennedy; Alex Ralph (26 November 2010). "How Kate Middleton's family made their money with Party Pieces website". The Australian. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Rayner, Gordon. "'Middle-class' Duchess of Cambridge's relative wore crown and attended George V's coronation". UK Daily Telegraph 13 September 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
Two of her father Michael's relations were baronesses who were invited to successive coronations, and one of them, Baroness Airedale, was photographed wearing a coronet and ceremonial robes on the day of George V’s coronation in 1911.....some of the family wealth trickled down to the Duchess and her siblings through trust funds set up decades ago to pay for the education of members of the family
- "Kate Middleton Biography Duchess (1982–)". © 2016 Bio and the Bio logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
It was on this job at British Airways that Carole met Michael Middleton, a dispatcher, whose wealthy family hails from Leeds and which has ties to British aristocracy.
- Reed, Michael. "Gledhow Hall". House and Heritage – David Poole 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
- Wilson, Christopher (26 July 2013). "The Middletons deserve a title, step forward the Earl and Countess of Fairfax". UK Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
As long ago as 1926, the Middleton family played host to the Queen's aunt, Princess Mary and another relative ... was a friend of George V
- "Headrow, Permanent House". Leodis – a Photographic Archive of Leeds. City of Leeds UK Gov. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
As Chairman of the Leeds General Infirmary, Henry (Dubs Middleton) had played host to Princess Mary when she visited the Leeds General Infirmary in 1932
- Reitwiesner, William Addams (2011). Child, Christopher Challender, ed. The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton. Scott Campbell Steward. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society. pp. 9, 16. ISBN 978-0-88082-252-7.
- Rayner, Gordon (7 March 2011). "Kate Middleton family photos reveal her time in Jordan". The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 March 2011.
- "Profiles – Kate Middleton". Hello!. August 2001. Retrieved 9 August 2008.
- "Duchess of Cambridge returns to St Andrew's School". BBC. 30 December 2012. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Roberts, Laura (17 November 2010). "Royal wedding: 50 things you may not know about Kate Middleton and Prince William". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "World press gather outside Middleton family home in Bucklebury as royal relationship ends". Newbury Today. 14 April 2007. Archived from the original on 20 September 2011.
- Claudia Joseph (11 January 2011). Kate: The Making of a Princess. Mainstream Publishing. p. 89. ISBN 978-1-907195-35-8. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
One of the first girls Kate met ... was Jessica Hay who showed (Kate) up to their dormitory...
- Cramb, Auslan (25 February 2011). "Prince William and Kate Middleton return to St Andrews University for anniversary celebrations". The Telegraph.
- Blair, Olivia (1 November 2017). "This is what Kate Middleton did for a living before royal life". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- Lyall, Sarah (21 April 2011). "Fixating on a Future Royal as Elusive as Cinderella". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Hoggard, Liz (21 July 2008). "Kate's not precious. She mucked in at Jigsaw". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- Langone, Alix (6 April 2018). "Kate Middleton Had a Massive Fortune Before She Was a Duchess. Here's What We Know About the Royal's Net Worth". Time. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- Cramb, Auslan (25 February 2011). "Prince William and Kate Middleton return to St Andrews University for anniversary celebrations". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
In their first year, they lived a few doors apart at St Salvator's hall...
- "Kate Middleton's transparent dress sparks global interest at auction". The Daily Telegraph. 12 March 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- Peskoe, Ashley (12 April 2011). "The Start of Prince William and Kate Middleton's Love Story". ABC News. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Rayner, Gordon (17 November 2010). "Royal wedding: schoolgirl dream comes true for Kate Middleton, the 'princess in waiting'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- "Ex-royal aide condemns paparazzi". BBC News. 9 January 2007. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "William graduates from Sandhurst". BBC News. 15 December 2006. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Royal wedding: The Kate Middleton story". BBC News. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Rubin, Courtney; Nudd, Tim (16 January 2007). "Kate Middleton Seeks Privacy from Paparazzi". People. Retrieved 14 April 2007.
- "Prince William splits from Kate". BBC News. 14 April 2007. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "'Paparazzi chase' concerns prince". BBC News. 5 October 2007. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- Alderson, Andrew; Nikkah, Roya (17 May 2008). "Royal wedding: Peter Phillips and Autumn Kelly tie the knot". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Nikkah, Roya (19 July 2008). "Kate Middleton attends another royal wedding". The Telegraph. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- Woods, Richard (21 February 2010). "Kate Middleton set for £10,000 privacy victory". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Singh, Anita (11 March 2010). "Kate Middleton wins damages from paparazzi agency". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Prince William to marry Kate Middleton next year". BBC News. 16 November 2010.
- "Royal wedding: profile of Kate Middleton". The Telegraph. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2010.
- "His Royal Highness Prince William of Wales and Miss Catherine Middleton are engaged to be married" (Press release). Clarence House. 16 November 2010. Archived from the original on 10 January 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2015 – via princeofwales.gov.uk.
- Bates, Stephen (23 November 2010). "Royal wedding date set for 29 April". The Guardian. UK.
- "2 billion tune into Royal Wedding". News.com.au. 1 May 2011. Archived from the original on 2 May 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
- ""REVEALED: Royal Wedding TV audience closer to 300m than 2bn (because sport, not royalty, reigns)", by Nick Harris at". Sportingintelligence.com. 8 May 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- de Moraes, Lisa (28 April 2011). "The TV Column: Counting royal wedding watchers .?.?. before the wedding?". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
- Beckford, Martin (29 April 2011). "Royal wedding: Prince William and Kate Middleton become Duke and Duchess of Cambridge". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
Buckingham Palace said in a statement published at 8 am on Friday: 'The Queen has today been pleased to confer a Dukedom on Prince William of Wales. 'His titles will be Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn and Baron Carrickfergus. 'Prince William thus becomes His Royal Highness The Duke of Cambridge and Miss Catherine Middleton on marriage will become Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge.'
- NewsDesk (28 October 2011). "British royal succession laws to change". GlobalPost. Archived from the original on 31 December 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "Royal pregnancy: Duchess leaves hospital". BBC News. 6 December 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
- "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are expecting a baby". Clarence House. 3 December 2012. Archived from the original on 6 December 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
- "Duchess of Cambridge due to give birth in July". BBC News. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
- "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are expecting their second child" (Press release). Clarence House. 8 September 2014. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014 – via princeofwales.gov.uk.
- "Duchess of Cambridge's second baby due in April". BBC News. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
- "Royal princess named as Charlotte". BBC News. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge expecting third child". BBC. 4 September 2017.
- "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge goes into labour". BBC News. 23 April 2018.
- "The Duchess of Cambridge in pictures (slide 26)". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- "Royal wedding: William and Kate's Anglesey visit". BBC News. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
- Cramb, Auslan (25 February 2011). "Prince William and Kate Middleton return to St Andrews University for anniversary celebrations". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Prince William and Kate Middleton charm Belfast crowds". BBC. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- "The Duchess of Cambridge in pictures (slide 31)". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- "Timeline: William & Kate's romance (slide 21)". CBS News. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- "HRH Prince William of Wales and Miss Catherine Middleton to undertake a Royal tour of Canada" (Press release). Clarence House. 16 February 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2015 – via www.princeofwales.gov.uk.
- "Prince William and Kate attend polo match in Santa Barbara". CBS News. 9 July 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- "Royal newly-weds to visit US after Canada tour". BBC News. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Barack Obama and Michelle meet Prince William and Kate at Buckingham Palace". The Telegraph. 24 May 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Ramsdale, Suzannah (28 October 2011). "K-Mid to the Rescue". Sky Living HD. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "William and Kate visit Unicef famine relief depot in Copenhagen". BBC News. 2 November 2011.
- "Photo story: William and Kate visit UNICEF Supply Centre". unicef.org.uk. 2 November 2011. Archived from the original on 6 January 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2011.
- "Duchess of Cambridge presents shamrocks to Irish Guards". BBC News. 17 March 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Kate Middleton gives first public speech (2:51)". The Washington Post. 6 April 2012.
- Rayner, Gordon (17 July 2012). "'Kate effect' boosts Princes' charity by £4.2m". The Daily Telegraph.
- "Royals made ambassadors of London 2012 Olympic Games". The Guardian. 1 December 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "The Royal Family and the Paralympics". royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 10 September 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- Singh, Anita (15 December 2011). "Jubilee: royal trip to paradise for Duke and Duchess". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Duchess of Cambridge's first speech outside of the UK reaffirms support for global hospice movement". wpca.org. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Duchess of Cambridge gives first speech abroad". BBC News. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Duchess of Cambridge attends Anglesey ultra marathon". BBC News. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Kate Middleton, Duchess of Cambridge Accompanies Prince William To Anglesey Marathon". The Huffington Post. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Duchess of Cambridge".
- "Royal Tour New Zealand: William, Kate and George Take Break in Wellington Ahead of Hectic Programme". IB Times. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Royal tour of New Zealand and Australia: where the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge should visit". The Daily Telegraph. 3 March 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Prince William and Kate enjoy tea with veterans in Normandy". Hello!. 6 June 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "Duchess of Cambridge to make solo trip to Malta". BBC News. 21 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "Pregnant Duchess of Cambridge withdraws from Malta trip". BBC News. 18 September 2014.
- Gardner, Bill (9 December 2014). "Duke and Duchess of Cambridge in the USA: live". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge: Spring 2016 visit announcement". The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge official website. 13 November 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- Rodriguez, Cecilia (26 September 2016). "Kate Middleton, Prince William And Their Kids In Canada: Behind The Adoring Welcome". Forbes. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- Rodriguez, Cecilia (18 March 2017). "Kate Middleton And Prince William Charm Paris: Best Photos Of A Glamorous Diplomatic Trip". Forbes. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- Furness, Hannah (17 July 2017). "Prince George takes some gentle coaxing from his father as royals arrive in Poland for 'Brexit diplomacy' tour". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- Rodriguez, Cecilia (21 July 2017). "Kate Middleton, Prince William And Kids In Germany: The Best Photos From Their Charm And Fashion Diplomacy". Forbes. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- Duboff, Josh (31 July 2017). "Kate Middleton Repeats an Iconic Look in Belgium". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "Kate Middleton stuns in powder blue suit as she makes solo visit to Luxembourg". The Independent. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- Gajanan, Mahita (30 January 2018). "See Prince William and Kate Middleton With the Swedish Royal Family". Time. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "The Prince William & Miss Catherine Middleton Charitable Gift Fund". Royal Wedding Charity Fund. Archived from the original on 18 March 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Bates, Stephen (16 March 2011). "Royal wedding: William and Kate ask for donations to charity". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- Ward, Victoria (16 March 2011). "William and Catherine ask for charity donations in lieu of wedding gifts". The Telegraph. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Holden, Michael (16 March 2011). "William and Catherine set up royal wedding charity fund". Reuters. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Alleyne, Richard (5 January 2012). "The charities chosen by the Duchess of Cambridge". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "Duchess of Cambridge announces charity patronages". BBC News. 5 January 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
- "HRH The Duchess of Cambridge becomes Royal Patron of". The Art Room. 5 January 2012. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Charities". The Duchess of Cambridge. Clarence House. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
- Foster, Max (5 January 2012). "Catherine unveils her chosen charity causes". CNN. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "Kate Middleton Visits Recovering Drug Addicts At Charity Visit". Huffington Post. 3 February 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "100 Women in Hedge Funds: Royal Patronage of UK Philanthropic initiatives". www.100womeninhedgefunds.org. Archived from the original on 17 March 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
- Alleyne, Richard (5 January 2013). "Duchess of Cambridge to be a Scout leader as well as patron of four charities". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- Olivia Parker (17 October 2012). "Duchess of Cambridge gives addiction charity royal support". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Royal Air Force Cadets". Home – RAF Air Cadets.
- "Duchess of Cambridge becomes RAF Air Cadets patron". BBC. 16 December 2015.
- "Lawn Tennis Association pays tribute to Her Majesty The Queen". Lawn Tennis Association. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- "The AELTC pays tribute to Her Majesty The Queen". AELTC. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- "A New Year and A New Royal Patron". www.actionforchildren.org.uk. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
- Adamiyatt, Roxanne (30 January 2018). "Kate Middleton Cut Her Hair Into a Lob for This Touching Reason". US Magazine. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "The Duchess of Cambridge becomes the Patron of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and the Nursing Now campaign". The Royal Family. 27 February 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- Buxton Smith, Olivia (27 February 2018). "The Duchess of Cambridge pays sartorial tribute to nurses as she launches Nursing Now campaign". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- Blott, U. (1 March 2018). "The Duchess of Cambridge says Prince William is 'in denial' about third child". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
This campaign means a lot to me personally. My great-grandmother and grandmother were both volunteer nurses...
- Furness, H. "Duchess of Cambridge to become champion of nurses". UK Daily Telegraph – 15 February 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
The Duchess' own great-grandmother, Olive Middleton, is known to have worked as a nurse, caring for wounded servicemen after the Leeds estate belonging to a cousin – Florence, Baroness Airedale – was turned into a field hospital. There, in Gledhow Hall, she is reported to have nursed men...
- Kensington Palace [@KensingtonRoyal] (26 March 2018). "The Duchess of Cambridge is to become the first Royal Patron of the Victoria and Albert Museum" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Berrington, Katie (26 March 2018). "The Duchess of Cambridge Announces New Cultural Role". Vogue. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
- Wray, Meaghan (11 May 2018). "How Duchess Kate puts mothers first in her charity work". Hello! Canada. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "Kate Middleton Visits St Thomas' Hospital". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- "Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Visits The Maurice Wohl Clinical Neuroscience Centre". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
- Riotta, Chris (21 April 2017). "Kate Middleton Talks Mental Health, Princess Diana's Death With Prince William And Harry In New Video". Newsweek. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "The Duchess Launches Heads Together's new mental health project for young children". Heads Together. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- "Our Royal Patron". Place2Be. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- Nicholl, Katie (24 February 2016). "Kate Middleton Steps Up Appearances While Prince William Comes Under Fire". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- Duboff, Josh (17 February 2016). "Kate Middleton Embarks on Her Day of Blogging, with the Help of Michelle Obama". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- McRady, Rachel (25 August 2016). "Kate Middleton stuns in red after meeting James Corden's sister at charity event with Prince William". AOL Entertainment. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- Whittaker, Alexandra (12 December 2017). "Kate Middleton and Prince William Now Share a Huge Honor with Queen Elizabeth". InStyle. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- Durand, Carolyn; Kindelan, Katie (28 February 2018). "Meghan Markle speaks out about #MeToo movement, calls for women to be 'empowered' to use their voices". ABC News. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
- Kate Middleton in Vanity Fair's Best-Dressed List TheGloss, 1 August 2008
- Kate Middleton's Style: Fit For A Future Princess? The Huffington Post, 16 November 2010
- Clare Coulson (3 January 2007). "Style Winners and Losers". The Telegraph. Retrieved 6 July 2008.[dead link]
- "Kate Middleton (Elizabeth Catherine), Duchess of Cambridge Style Icon 2012". womenfitness.net. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Knowles, Stefani make mags 'best dressed'". USA Today. Associated Press. 12 September 2007. Retrieved 6 July 2008.
- "Fabulous Fashion Independents". CBS News. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Evelyn Crowley (June 2008). "Kate Middleton". Style.com. Retrieved 6 July 2008.
- The International Best-Dressed List Archived 28 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. Vanity Fair. 29 July 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2008.
- Serjeant, Jill (8 February 2011). "Kate Middleton deemed top fashion buzzword". Reuters. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
- White, Belinda (27 January 2012). "Kate Middleton crowned 'Hat Person of the Year'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Kate Middleton: Vanity Fair's Best-Dressed and September Cover Girl 2012". Retrieved 17 August 2012.
- "The International Best-Dressed Hall of Fame 2015". Vanity Fair. 5 August 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "Culture, attraction and soft power" (PDF). British Council. 3 December 2016.
- "Shakespeare 'a cultural icon' abroad". BBC. 3 December 2016.
- "The Duchess Is Vogue's Centenary Cover Star". Vogue UK. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
- Smith, Sean (24 May 2011). Kate: A Biography of Kate Middleton. Simon and Schuster. p. 142. ISBN 978-1-4516-6156-9.
- Guyon, Janet (19 October 2016). "Kate Middleton's pretty blue suit has revived interest in a quiet fashion label favored by Princess Diana". Quartz. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- "The Duchess Directory: The ultimate guide to Kate's favourite fashion brands". Marie Claire. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- Hutchings, Lucy (1 June 2018). "Duchess of Cambridge: Style File". British Vogue. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- Hill, Erin (18 February 2018). "Kate Middleton Hits the Red Carpet in Deep Green Amid BAFTA's Time's Up All-Black Dress Code". People. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
- Duboff, Josh (18 February 2018). "Kate Middleton Opts for a Subtle Nod to the #MeToo Movement at the BAFTA Awards". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
- Berlinger, Joshua (19 February 2018). "Duchess of Cambridge opts for green as black dresses sweep BAFTAs". CNN. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
- Davis, Jennifer (19 February 2018). "Pregnant Kate Middleton Hosts Fashion Reception at Buckingham Palace in Flirty Floral Dress". InStyle. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
- Hill, Erin (19 February 2018). "Kate Middleton Steps Out in Black-and-White for Fashion Event Amid BAFTA Dress Code Backlash". People. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
- "Paparazzi's role in Diana accident". BBC News. 9 April 2000. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- Cowell, Alan; Burns, John F. (14 September 2012). "Royal Couple Sue Over Photos of Topless Duchess". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- Gillespie, James; Mansey, Kate; Follain, John (16 September 2012). "Nowhere to hide". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- As measured using Michelin Route Planner.
- Malvern, Jack; Connolly, Sue (15 September 2012). "Spying photographers may have taken their shots of a secluded chateau from the road". The Times. pp. 6–7.
- "Kate and William to make criminal complaint over topless shots". BBC News. 16 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Kate topless photos: French injunction against magazine". BBC News. 18 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- "Insurance/Reinsurance Bulletin August 2011 – Insurance and punitive damages in France". Holman Fenwick Willan, solicitors. 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- "French Legislation on Privacy". Embassy of France in Washington. 2 December 2007. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Schofield, Hugh (17 September 2012). "Kate topless pictures: Criminal and legal cases". BBC News. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "Kate topless pics: Closer magazine to pay royals in €100k damages". Sky News. 5 September 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
- Rayner, Gordon (8 December 2012). "Prank call plays on after death". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- Byrnes, Holly; Harris, Amy; Ritchie, Dean; Marie, Erin (10 December 2012). "2Day FM DJs Michael Christian and Mel Greig 'shattered, gutted'". Herald Sun. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- "The Royal Family Is Angered By Kate Middleton Baby Bump Photos". B96 Chicago. 13 February 2013.
- "Australian paper publishes Kate Middleton's controversial picture". Deccan Chronicle.
- "A letter from Kensington Palace". www.princeofwales.gov.uk. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
- "Prince George's birth officially registered". 2 August 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
- Beckford, Martin (29 April 2011). "Prince William and Kate Middleton's new titles revealed". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
- "Royal baby: Prince William and Kate expecting second child". 8 September 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
- Palmer, Richard (30 March 2017). "William and Kate to receive highest Tuvalu award... for just VISITING the nation". Express.
- "The Duke of Edinburgh Hands Air Cadet Patronage to The Duchess of Cambridge, 16 December 2015". Royal Air Force. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
- Tominey, Camilla (14 February 2016). "Truth behind Prince George's love of aviation". Daily Express. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
- The Canadian Press (26 July 2011). "UW award honours Duke and Duchess of Cambridge". CTV. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- "University of Waterloo offers Their Royal Highnesses The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge Award". Canada News Wire. 26 July 2011. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Rayner, Gordon (27 September 2013). "Duke and Duchess of Cambridge get a joint coat of arms". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October 2015. Includes full-color image of the conjugal arms and supporters.
- "The arms of Miss Catherine Middleton". College of Arms. 1 May 2011.
- Brooke-Little, J.P. (1978) . "XII – Marshalling". Boutell's Heraldry. London: Frederick Warne. ISBN 0-7232-2096-4.
- "Coat of Arms of Duchess of Cambridge". dukeandduchessofcambridge.org. 14 November 2012. Archived from the original on 6 November 2012.
- Laycock, Mike. "Duchess of Cambridge's links with stately home near York revealed". The Press (York) – 17 March 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
....he discovered previously unpublished pictures in the depths of the Leeds archives showing the Potternewton Hall Estate where Olive ...(and) her blood cousin Baroness von Schunck...grew up.
- A Photographic Archive of Leeds, Leodis. "Headingley Castle". Leeds Library and Information Service, Leeds City Council. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
The Luptons of Leeds were landed gentry; a political and business dynasty
- Rayner, Gordon (13 September 2013). "'Middle-class' Duchess of Cambridge's relative wore crown and attended George V's coronation". Daily Telegraph. p. 7. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
The (Lupton) relatives who spoke to me said their ancestors were very much landed gentry, and as we now know some of them were titled.
- "The Leeds connection ..." Yorkshire Evening Post. 11 September 2006.
- Wharton, Jane. "Kate Middleton is a Brummie and related to a former Prime Minister". UK Daily Express, Page 3, 3 June 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
- "The Middletons – finding common ground with the royal family". The Guardian. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Child, Christopher C. (Fall 2011). "A Gratifying Discovery: Connecting Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, to Sir Thomas Conyers, 9th Bt. of Horden, Durham" (PDF). American Ancestors. New England Historic Genealogical Society. pp. 35–36. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Adolph, Anthony. "Princess Catherine". Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- Rayner, Gordon (13 September 2013). "Duchess of Cambridge's relative wore crown and attended coronation of George V". Michael Middleton's descent from Edward III. UK Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
Michael Middleton is a direct descendant of Edward III
- Jobson, Robert (2010). William & Kate: The Love Story. London: John Blake Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84454-736-4.
- Morton, Andrew (2011). William & Catherine: Their Story. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-64340-9.
- Nicholl, Katie (2015). Kate: The Future Queen. Hachette Books. ISBN 978-1602862609.
- Southerland, Benjamin (2017). Kate Middleton: A Biography of the Duchess of Cambridge. ISBN 978-1520927732.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge|
- The Duchess of Cambridge at the Royal Family website
- Catherine, duchess of Cambridge at Encyclopædia Britannica
- Works by or about Kate Middleton in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge on IMDb
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom,|
The Princess Royal
HRH The Duchess of Cambridge
The Duchess of Sussex
The Duke of Edinburgh
As Air Commodore-in-Chief
| Air Commandant of the Air Training Corps