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Catherine McBride

Catherine Alexandra McBride, is a professor of developmental psychology at the Chinese University of Hong Kong specializing in the acquisition of early literacy skills. She received her BA in Psychology from Oberlin College, Ohio, she received her MA in 1992 and PhD in 1994 from the University of Southern California, completed a post-doctoral fellowship at Florida State University in Tallahassee, FL. She has had two books published, Children's Literacy Development and Reading Development in Chinese Children, she is the Past-President of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading. McBride has served as an associate editor for four journals and authored or coauthored nearly 200 journal articles, she has given talks on her work in China, India, Hong Kong, Switzerland, Canada and the United States. She takes a cross-cultural and developmental approach to literacy learning, having published articles on learning to read and to write in many different cultures and orthographies, including Spanish, Hebrew, Chinese and English.

She is interested in many constructs believed to be central for learning to read and to write, including segmental and suprasegmental phonological sensitivity, morphological awareness, visual-orthographic skills, visual-motor skills and fluency. She is president of a new society focused on understanding literacy expertise and impairment in Asia, called the Association for Reading and Writing in Asia. McBride-Chang, C. & Chen, H. C.. Reading Development in Chinese Children. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishing, ISBN 0897898095 McBride-Chang, C.. Children's Literacy Development. London: Routledge, ISBN 0340808004 McBride, C.. Children's Literacy Development: A Cross-cultural Perspective on Learning to Read and Write. London: Routledge, ISBN 1848722877 McBride, C.. Coping with Dyslexia, Dysgraphia and ADHD: A Global Perspective. New York:Routledge, ISBN 1138069671 McBride-Chang, C. Cho, J.-R. Liu, H. Wagner, R. K. Shu, H. Zhou, A. Cheuk, C. S.-M. & Muse, A.. "Changing models across cultures: Associations of phonological and morphological awareness to reading in Beijing, Hong Kong and America".

Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 92, 140-160. Chow, B. W.-Y. McBride-Chang, C. & Burgess, S. "Phonological processing skills and early reading abilities in Hong Kong Chinese kindergartners learning to read English as a second language". Journal of Educational Psychology, 97, 81-87. Chiu, M. M. Chow, B. W.-Y. & McBride-Chang, C.. "Universals and specifics in learning strategies: Explaining adolescent achievement in mathematics and reading across 34 countries". Learning and Individual Differences, 17, 344-365. Ip, H. M. Cheung, S. K. Chang, L. & McBride-Chang, C.. "Associations of parenting styles of Filipina domestic helpers and mothers with Hong Kong kindergarten children’s social competence". Early Education and Development, 19, 284-301. McBride-Chang, C. Lam, F. Lam, C. Doo, S. Wong, S. W. L. & Chow, Y. Y. Y.. "Word recognition and cognitive profiles of Chinese pre-school children at-risk for dyslexia through language delay or familial history of dyslexia". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 211-218.

Chow, B. W.-Y. McBride-Chang, C. & Cheung, H.. "Dialogic reading and morphology training in Chinese children: Effects on language and literacy". Developmental Psychology, 44, 233-244. Google scholar profile

Shaun Tomson

Shaun Tomson is a South African professional surfer and former world champion, actor and businessman. He was born in South Africa; as a Jewish athlete, he was inducted into the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in 1995. He learned to surf in the beachbreaks in and around Durban under the watchful eye of his father Ernie, alongside older cousin Michael Tomson and brother Paul Tomson. Tomson attended school in Durban - Clifton Preparatory, Carmel College and the University of Natal, where he received a Bachelor of Commerce degree majoring in Business Finance, he graduated from Northeastern University with a Master of Science in Leadership with a focus on social change. Tomson went on to dominate amateur surfing competition in South Africa and began venturing over to Hawaii in the late 1960s, courtesy of a bar mitzvah present from his father, it was on one of these trips that an awestruck 14-year-old Tomson witnessed at first hand the so-called "Biggest Wave Ever Ridden" by Californian Greg Noll at Mākaha in 1969.

Hawaii's surf proved to be a daunting challenge for Tomson, but he continued to mature and train in South Africa's hollow waves, such as Cave Rock, the Bay Of Plenty, Jeffrey's Bay. Tomson has been listed as one of the 25 most influential surfers of the century and as one of the 10 greatest surfers of all time. During his career he was both the youngest and oldest surfer to win a pro event and is considered to be one of the architects of professional surfing. In 1975, Tomson was an integral part of the "Free Ride" generation. Along with Australians Wayne Bartholomew, Mark Richards, Ian Cairns, Peter Townend and Mark Warren, they rode the infamous waves along Oahu's legendary North Shore with a style and raw courage unseen prior to their arrival. Collectively, these surfers changed the face of surfing and were the first to apply themselves as serious professional surfers. With his good looks and undeniable athleticism, Tomson served by default as the face and voice of this movement and he is still viewed as the prototype blueprint for today's pro surfer, with legions of fans throughout the world.

Tomson won the coveted IPS World Championship in 1977. On a performance level, Tomson changed the way the tube section of the wave was ridden, using a unique style of pumping and weaving through and around collapsing sections of the barrel. Today, his electrifying performances at Off The Wall and Backdoor Pipeline stand the test of time. A memorable quote of his from the period was, "Time is expanded inside the tube." A underrated aspect of Tomson's inventiveness was his in the tube punch throughs where he escaped unscathed from hideous closeout sections over a shallow reef. Tomson has appeared in many films, including Free Ride, Many Classic Moments, In God’s Hands. Tomson co-produced an award-winning full-length feature film about the benchmark mid-1970s surfing era called, Bustin' Down the Door, which premiered in early 2008, he wrote and narrated a documentary about Jeffreys Bay called A Pure Line. Tomson is the author of the best-selling Surfer’s Code – 12 Simple lessons for riding through life and the #1 Amazon teen bestseller: The Code - The Power of I Will.

He authored Bustin’ Down the Door – Revolution of'75, a companion to the film of the same name and Krazy Kreatures – Under my Surfboard!, a collection of illustrated rhymes for children. He has released 3 iPhone/iPad applications -- a reference guide for surfboards. Tomson is a board member and ambassador for Surfrider Foundation, the world’s largest environmental group dedicated to protecting the world’s oceans and beaches. In 1984 he was the first professional surfer to become a member of the foundation and was chairman of the Advisory board. In 2002 he received the Surf Industry Manufacturer Association Environmentalist of the Year Award for his environmental efforts. Tomson is co-founded and remains affiliated with the environmentally active celebrity surfer organization Project Save Our Surf. Tomson founded and sold two multi-million market-leading clothing brands – Instinct in the 1980s and Solitude in the 1990s, he is an inspirational speaker for some of the world’s largest companies and talks about the influence of positive values on success in life and business based on his own experiences of overcoming insurmountable challenges, in and out of the surf.

An attitude of Commitment and Positivity is the basis for his unique empowering business philosophy based on his "Surfer’s Code – 12 Simple Lessons for Riding through Life". He has spoken internationally and inspired and touched the hearts of audiences as large as 3,000 people, has shared the stage with well-known personalities, including Sir Richard Branson and Malcolm Gladwell, inspired corporations like General Motors, Price Waterhouse, Toys R Us, Disney, Primedia, MTN and Adcock Ingram; the Tomsons' son Mathew died on 24 April 2006 in Durban, South Africa from an accidental death caused by playing the "choking game."Tomson lives with his wife in Santa Barbara, California. And surfs daily. Mark Richards Ian Cairns Bustin' Down The Door Tomson's official website Tomson's official facebook page Shaun Tomson on IMDb biography biography Surfrider Foundation Tomson on Channel24 learnfrommylife feature International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame - Shaun Tomson Tomson profile page on

List of geological features on Pluto

This is a list of named geological features on Pluto, identified by scientists working with data from the New Horizons spacecraft. The International Astronomical Union approved the first 14 names on 8 August 2017, with additional names following in 2018 and 2019, but most of the names listed on this page are still informal; the IAU has determined that names will be chosen from the following themes: Names for the underworld from the world's mythologies Gods and dwarfs associated with the underworld Heroes and other explorers of the underworld Writers associated with Pluto and the Kuiper belt Pioneering space missions and spacecraft Scientists and engineers associated with Pluto and the Kuiper belt A cavus is a hollow or steep-sided depression. The following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A collis is a low hill. Plutonian colles are being named after spacecraft; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team.

Names that have been approved are labeled as such. Plutonian craters are being named after scientists and other people associated with the study of Pluto; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A dorsum is a ridge. Plutonian dorsa are being named after underworlds in mythology; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A Fluctus is a terrain covered by outflow of liquid. Plutonian fluctūs are being named after travellers to the underworld; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A fossa is a ditch-like feature. Plutonian fossae are being named after figures associated with underworld myths; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A lacus is small plain; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team.

Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A linea is an elongated marking. Plutonian lineae are being named after space probes; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A macula is a dark spot. Plutonian maculae are being named after underworld creatures from mythology; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A mons is a mountain. Plutonian montes are being named after adventurers; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A. ^ Formerly Baré Montes b. ^ Formerly Norgay Montes. Paludes on Pluto are named after historic explorers; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A planum is a plateau or high plain. One was identified on Pluto. A planitia is a distinct from plana as they are located on lower terrain.

The following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A regio is a region geographically distinct from its surroundings. Plutonian regiones are being named after underworld spirits in fiction and mythology, or after scientists associated with the study of Pluto; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. One such feature, the former Cthulhu Regio, is now considered to be a macula. A rupes is an escarpment. Plutonian rupēs are being named after explorers; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A terra is an extensive landmass. Plutonian terrae are being named after space probes; the following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. A vallis is a valley. Plutonian valles are named after historic explorers.

The following is a list of unofficial names chosen by the New Horizons team. Names that have been approved are labeled as such. Geography of Pluto Geology of Pluto List of geological features on Charon Official list of Pluto's features Map of Pluto

The Bellevue-Stratford Hotel

The Bellevue-Stratford Hotel is a landmark building at 200 S. Broad Street at the corner of Walnut Street in Center City, Pennsylvania United States. Constructed in 1904 and expanded to its present size in 1912, it has continued as a well-known institution for more than a century and is still known by that original, historic name. In 1988 the building was converted to a mixed-use development, it has been known since as The Bellevue. The hotel portion is managed by Hyatt as The Bellevue Hotel. Born Georg Karl Boldt in Prussia in 1851, he immigrated to the United States as a teenager in 1864. Beginning as a kitchen worker, at age 25 was hired by William Kehrer, steward of The Philadelphia Club, as his assistant steward at the time of the 1876 Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia. Soon after he married his employers daughter, Philadelphia-born Louise Kehrer. Prominent members of the Philadelphia Club assisted the couple in setting up their own hotel, the Bellevue, at the northwest corner of Broad and Walnut Streets, in 1881.

A small hotel, it became nationally known for its high standard of service, elite clientele, fine cuisine. In 1890, George Boldt was invited by William Waldorf Astor to be proprietor of the new Waldorf Hotel in New York City. Louise Boldt had been instrumental in making their Philadelphia hotel attractive and acceptable to wealthy women; this was a major motivation for Astor in asking George Boldt to become proprietor of his new Waldorf expanded by John Jacob Astor IV to become the world-class institution known as the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. With his success at managing the enormous Waldorf Astoria, George Boldt decided to build a large and luxurious hotel in his home town, he acquired the Stratford Hotel across Walnut on the southwest corner and commissioned the grand 19 floor Bellevue-Stratford Hotel, designed in the French Renaissance style by G. W. & W. D. Hewitt, with Purdy and Henderson, Engineers; these Philadelphia architects designed the Boldts' famous landmark residence, Boldt Castle in the Thousand Islands.

Opening in 1904 after two years in the making and costing over $8,000,000, the Bellevue-Stratford was described at the time as the most luxurious hotel in the nation and the most spectacular hotel building in the world. It had hundreds of guest suites in a variety of styles, the most magnificent ballroom in the United States, delicate lighting fixtures designed by Thomas Edison and leaded glass embellishments in the form of transoms and Venetian windows and sky-lights by Alfred Godwin, the most celebrated marble and hand-worked iron elliptical staircase in the city. In 1912 a large extension to the west brought it up to a reputed 1,090 guest rooms, added the top floor domed function rooms. From its beginning, the Bellevue-Stratford was the center of Philadelphia's cultural and business activities, it soon functioned as a sort of clubhouse for the Philadelphia establishment, not only a place where the rich and powerful dined and slept, but the venue for their meetings and social functions. Charity balls, society weddings, club meetings and special family gatherings have all been held in the hotel's ballrooms and meeting rooms.

The rich and famous and heads of state from all over the world, politicians and famous writers have stayed within its walls. 15 U. S. Presidents, beginning with Theodore Roosevelt and ending with Ronald Reagan, have been guests at the hotel, respectfully called the "Grand Dame of Broad Street."Originally the western end of the building was only three stories high. In 1911 Boldt carried it to the full nineteen stories, it was completed in 1912 at a cost of $850,000. In June 1919 the Bellevue was leased to T. Coleman du Pont, together with Lucius M. Boomer, president of Boomer-du Pont Properties Corporation; the ground and building were retained by George C. Boldt Jr. Boomer-du Pont offered the Boldt family $7,500,000 for the hotel, they refused, as the asking price was $10,000,000. In June 1925 the company backed by duPont, The Bellevue Company purchased the hotel for $6,500,000 from the heirs of George C. Boldt, it was said that $3,000,000 was paid in cash and a mortgage was taken over the property for $3,500,000.

In October 1926, Queen Marie of Romania stayed at the hotel. The Royal Suite of 11 rooms on the seventh floor to be occupied by Queen Marie and her entourage of 19 has a history. Among the world-famous people who have occupied the suite are President and Mrs. Calvin Coolidge, Cardinal Mercier of Belgium and Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, Marshal Joffre, General John J. Pershing and Mrs. Warren G. Harding, a brother of the Emperor of Japan, Sir Esme Howard, Ambassador Jules Jusserand, Ambassador Auckland Geddes. During the 1920s through the 1940s, the noted global host Claude H. Bennett managed the now 735 room Philadelphia hotel, his son, Robert C. Bennett, grandson, Robert Jr. Professor of Hotel Management at a suburban Philadelphia community college, were both on the senior management staff of the "Grand Dame" of Broad Street as late as the 1970s prior to the temporary hotel closing; the Great Depression brought hard times to the Bellevue-Stratford, although it continued to be "Philadelphia's hotel."

Through lack of income and attention, the hotel's glitter began to tarnish. During the 1940s and 1950s, the classic architecture and rich decorative details of the hotel were thought to be overpowering and offensive. Noted hotelier Charles Todd managed the hotel after this p


Amanit is a tabia or municipality in the Dogu'a Tembien district of the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. The tabia centre is Addi Qeshofo village, located 15 km to the southeast of the woreda town Hagere Selam; the tabia stretches down southbound over an elongated ridge between Inda Sillasie River, Addi Qeshofo River towards Giba River. The highest place is a hill east of Gudeli and the lowest place at the junction of Inda Sillasie and Giba Rivers; the two main geological formations are Antalo Limestone in most of the tabia, Adigrat Sandstone on the slopes towards the river gorges. Quaternary alluvium and freshwater tufa occur in the valley bottoms; the main geomorphic units, with corresponding soil types are: Gently rolling Antalo Limestone plateau, holding cliffs and valley bottoms on limestone Associated soil types shallow stony soils with a dark surface horizon overlying calcaric material moderately deep dark stony clays with good natural fertility deep, dark cracking clays on calcaric material Inclusions Rock outcrops and shallow soils Shallow stony loamy soil on limestone Deep dark cracking clays with good natural fertility, waterlogged during the wet season Brown to dark sands and silt loams on alluvium Strongly incised Giba gorge Dominant soil type: complex of rock outcrops stony and shallow soils Associated soil types shallow, dark, loamy soils on calcaric material shallow, stony to sandy loam soils on calcaric material (Calcaric Regosol and Cambisol brown loamy sands developed on alluvium along Giba River There is permanent water in the main rivers, but located deep in the gorges, they are difficult of access.

It is used for irrigation, for drinking water. Hence, the presence of springs is of utmost importance for the local people; the following are the springs in the tabia: Addi Qeshefo in the homonymous village Gudeli in May Genet May Hib'o inside a cave in Addi Lihtsi In this area with rains that last only for a couple of months per year, reservoirs of different sizes allow harvesting runoff from the rainy season for further use in the dry season. There are many traditional surface water harvesting ponds in places without permanent springs, called rahaya. In addition, household ponds, have been constructed through campaigns; the tabia holds areas that are set aside for regreening. Wood harvesting and livestock range are not allowed there. Besides effects on biodiversity, water infiltration, protection from flooding, sediment deposition, carbon sequestration, people have economic benefits from these exclosures through grass harvesting and other non-timber forest products; the local inhabitants consider it as “land set aside for future generations”.

In this tabia, some exclosures are managed by the EthioTrees project. They have as an additional benefit that the villagers receive carbon credits for the sequestered CO2, as part of a carbon offset programme; the revenues are reinvested in the villages, according to the priorities of the communities. The following exclosures are managed by the Ethiotrees project in Amanit municipality: Addi Lihtsi, near the homonymous village Kidmi Gestet, near the village of Gestet May Genet, near the homonymous village May Hib'o, near the village of Addi Lihtsi The population lives from crop farming, supplemented with off-season work in nearby towns; the land is dominated by farmlands which are demarcated and are cropped every year. Hence the agricultural system is a permanent upland farming system; the youngsters will go to the deep gorge of Giba river to harvest incense from Boswellia papyrifera trees. The tabia centre Addi Qeshofo holds a few administrative offices, a health post, a primary school, some small shops.

There are a few more primary schools across the tabia. The main other populated places are: Most inhabitants are Orthodox Christians; the following churches are located in the tabia: The history of the tabia is confounded with the history of Tembien. The main road Mekelle – Hagere Selam – Abiy Addi is far away from the tabia. A rural access road links most villages to Togogwa in Debre Nazret, where there is public transport to Mekelle and Hagere Selam, its mountainous nature and proximity to Mekelle makes the tabia fit for tourism. The high variability of geological formations and the rugged topography invites for geological and geographic tourism or "geotourism". Geosites in the tabia include: The Giba gorge with its incense trees May Hib'o cave Large rockfall west of Addi Lihtsi Traditional agroforestry in Segenet Birdwatching can be done in exclosures and forests; the following bird-watching sites have been mapped. Abune Aregawi church forest Slope forests in Addi Qeshofo Trekking routes have been established in this tabia.

The tracks can be followed using downloaded. GPX files. Trek 15, from north to south across the tabia into Giba gorge Trek 16, from Rubaksa across Segenet and May Genet to Togogwa Trek 18, from the old bridge on Giba River in Debre Nazret, up to the plateau and westbound along the northern shoulder of the Giba Gorge to Addi Lihtsi (

St James the Less, Pimlico

St James the Less is a Church of England Parish Church in Pimlico, built in 1858–61 by George Edmund Street in the Gothic Revival style. A grade I listed building, it has been described as "one of the finest Gothic Revival churches anywhere"; the church was constructed predominately in brick with embellishments from other types of stone. Its most prominent external feature is its free-standing Italian-style tower, while its interior incorporates design themes which Street observed in medieval Gothic buildings in continental Europe; the church was Street's first commission in London, which he took on after his admired work in the diocese of Oxford and at All Saints, Boyne Hill, where he delivered buildings in polychromatic red brick and stone. He had published in 1855, to considerable acclaim, his book Brick and Marble Architecture in Italy. In 1858, he was commissioned by the three daughters of the Bishop of Gloucester to construct a church in their father's memory in what was, at the time, an area of slums and run-down tenements in a poor part of London.

The parish was inhabited by around 31,000 people at the time. The church, which stands on land owned by Westminster Abbey, was consecrated in 1861. Street built a parish school next to the church in 1861–64, in similar style, while his son Arthur Edmund Street revisited his father's designs in 1890 to add an infants' school attached to the west end of the church; the church favoured the high church, Anglo-Catholic style of worship but over the decades became more of a broad church. By the time of its centenary, however, it faced closure due to dwindling numbers of worshippers. A campaign was mounted by Sir John Betjeman and others which resulted in the church gaining a reprieve, it was united with the nearby church of St Saviour's, Pimlico. In the 21st Century, it falls within the Charismatic Evangelical tradition. St James the Less is now embedded in the centre of the Lillington Gardens estate, built around the church in three phases between 1964–72; the estate replaced a 12-acre area of dilapidated stucco-fronted houses with a dense low-rise series of residential buildings, constructed with dark red brick cladding interspersed with concrete bands.

The designers, Darbourne & Darke, set out to complement the church and to avoid the use of precast concrete cladding, contemporary at the time, because they felt that it did not weather well in the British climate. The results were praised by the architectural critic Sir Nikolaus Pevsner, who wrote that the designers had chosen to ensure that "the architectural style of 1960 proclaiming its appreciation of the style of 1860", which he considered "very gratifying to us committed Victorians." He declared the design of the estate to be "admirable in itself and admirable for its understanding of High Victorian values." The church lies parallel to the road. It is constructed from red bricks with an exterior embellished with black bricks, bands of Morpeth stone, voussoirs of coloured bricks and marble shafts; the steeply sloping roof is covered with slate, with a gable at one end and carried round the apse as a half-cone at the other end. The building is surrounded by cast-iron railings of Street's design, topped with wrought-iron crestings representing lilies.

These were a last-minute addition inspired by the design of railings which closed-off the chapels within Barcelona Cathedral's cloister. They were made by James Leaver of Maidenhead in 1866. A columned porch and passage leads out towards the street. Above the porch is a free-standing tower reminiscent of an Italian campanile, an architectural feature that Street admired; the tower is topped by a spire whose bulk is emphasised by being corbeled out, giving the structure a somewhat top-heavy look. The spire is of an unconventional design, starting as a pyramid before splitting into a central spike flanked by four spirelets. Street had seen similar examples at Tournai at Genoa in Italy; the overall effect was quite unlike that of the traditional English church tower, but followed John Ruskin's prescription that "where the height of the tower itself is to be made apparent, it must be... detached as a campanile" and "there must be one bounding line from base to coping." Street wrote that this "breadth of effect" was "the point which northern architects were most careless to succeed" and which, by implication, he sought to deliver in his churches.

His tower at St James the Less was his most pronounced example of a free-styling campanile, though he built similar examples of solid, freestanding towers at a number of other churches in England and Rome. The church's interior has a broad aspect with three wide bays leading up to the apse; the walls are dominated by red brick, contrasted with black brick and red and yellow glazed tiles which link the floor to the lower walls. The nave is lined with short granite columns, each with carved capitals by W. Pearce, which support arcades of notched and moulded bricks; the capitals are illustrated with carvings of miracles. At the clerestory end are plate tracery in the third; the chancel is separated from the nave by a prominent arch. Unlike the nave, it is extensively decorated with mosaic and inlaid marble; the design of the sanctuary thus makes it a