BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role
Best Actress in a Supporting Role is a British Academy Film Award presented annually by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding supporting performance in a film. This award had four nominees until 1999 when expanded to five nominees. There has been one tie in this category. No award was given for the years 1980 or 1981. 9 nominationsJudi Dench4 nominations 3 nominations 2 nominations 3 winsJudi Dench2 wins BIFA Award for Best Supporting Actress Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Supporting Actress Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role BAFTA Awards Database
Priest (1994 film)
Priest is a 1994 British drama film directed by Antonia Bird in her directorial debut. The screenplay by Jimmy McGovern focuses on a Roman Catholic priest as he struggles with two issues that precipitate a crisis of faith. Father Greg Pilkington, newly assigned to St Mary's parish in inner-city Liverpool, is startled to discover Father Matthew Thomas is engaged in a sexual relationship with rectory housekeeper Maria Kerrigan. Moreover, Father Thomas is a left-wing radical and an outspoken proponent of Liberation Theology, leading him to constant clashes and bickering with the Bishop—who appreciates his abilities. While the young protagonist's personal traditional conservatism and religious beliefs are offended by the older priest's blatant disregard for his vow of celibacy, he struggles with his own homosexual urges after he meets Graham at a local gay hangout and the two embark on a physical relationship. Meanwhile, student Lisa Unsworth has confided she was sexually abused by her father, who confirms her story and displays no guilt nor any desire to stop.
Both have revealed their secret in the confessional, however, so Father Greg is required to honour the sanctity of the Sacrament of Penance and not reveal what he has been told. He tries to warn her mother to keep a close watch on her, but the naive woman believes her daughter is safe while in the care of her husband; when Mrs Unsworth discovers her husband molesting Lisa and realises the priest knew what was happening, she lashes out at him. Adding to his torment is his arrest for having sex with Graham in a parked car; when he pleads guilty to the charge, the story is headlined on the front page of the local newspaper and, unable to face his parishioners, Father Greg relocates to a remote rural parish headed by a disapproving and unforgiving priest. Father Matthew convinces him to return to St Mary's, the two preside over a Mass, disrupted by the loud protests of those opposed to Father Greg's presence at the altar. Father Matthew demands they leave the church; the two priests begin to distribute the Eucharist, but the remaining parishioners ignore Father Greg and line up to receive communion from Father Matthew.
Lisa approaches the younger priest, the two fall into each other's arms sobbing. Linus Roache as Father Greg Pilkington Tom Wilkinson as Father Matthew Thomas Robert Carlyle as Graham Cathy Tyson as Maria Kerrigan Christine Tremarco as Lisa Unsworth Robert Pugh as Mr. Unsworth Lesley Sharp as Mrs. Unsworth The film was shot on location in Blundellsands, Liverpool and Manchester; the film premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival in September 1994. It went into general release in the UK on 17 March 1995 and into limited release in the US the following week. Opening on eight screens, it earned $113,430 on its opening weekend, grossed $4,165,845 in the US. Priest received vocal condemnation from the church, with the Catholic Church in Ireland in particular calling for a ban on theatrical distribution; this marked the first major disagreement between the Church and the Irish Film Censor Board, who decided to release it anyway. Other Catholic organizations were in an uproar over its release during Easter weekend.
Reviews for the film were mixed to average. Rotten Tomatoes gave the film a 67% approval rating based on 24 critical responses, with an average rating of 7/10. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times rated the film one star out of a possible four, calling the screenplay "shallow and exploitative." He added, "The movie argues that the hidebound and outdated rules of the church are responsible for some people not having sex although they should, while others can keep on having it although they shouldn't. For this movie to be described as a moral statement about anything other than the filmmaker's prejudices is beyond belief."Peter Stack of the San Francisco Chronicle called it "an exceptional movie," "powerful drama," and "a curiously inspiring statement about faith and morality." He added, "This film is extraordinary for the themes it explores—sometimes with delicious humor—beyond the obvious... The movie becomes a fascinating glimpse at a vast subject—intolerance vs. understanding. There's some preachiness in Priest, yet you go away feeling the embrace of something lovely and spiritual."Gary Kamiya of The San Francisco Examiner observed, "After watching this film, you feel as if Martin Luther had hammered every one of his 95 theses onto various parts of your anatomy, using dull thumbtacks.
And although Priest is not without intelligence and pathos, in the end it's little more than a tendentious melodrama. One can sympathize with progressive politics... and still feel that director Antonia Bird and screenwriter Jimmy McGovern have made things much too easy for themselves... Priest is less a work of art than an Op-ed piece. Roache, a veteran of British stage and television, gives a stirring performance, which crests in the film's transcendent finale. Beautifully sustained by the actors and well directed by Bird, this last scene is an emotional epiphany for both the characters and the audience, all bathed in the balm of forgiveness." The film was lost to Shallow Grave. It won the People's Choice Award at the 1994 Toronto International Film Festival, was named Best New British Feature at the 1994 Edinburgh International Film Festival, won the Teddy Award at the 1995 Berlin International Film Festival. P
Social work is an academic discipline and profession that concerns itself with individuals, families and communities in an effort to enhance social functioning and overall well-being. Social functioning refers to the way in which people perform their social roles, the structural institutions that are provided to sustain them. Social work applies social sciences, such as sociology, political science, public health, community development and economics, to engage with client systems, conduct assessments, develop interventions to solve social and personal problems. Social work practice is divided into micro-work, which involves working directly with individuals or small groups. Social work developed in the 19th century, with roots in voluntary philanthropy and grassroots organizing. However, the act of responding to social needs have existed long before primarily from private charities, religious organizations; the effects of the Industrial Revolution and the Great Depression placed pressure on social work to become a more defined discipline.
Social work is a broad profession. Social work organizations offer the following definitions: “Social work is a practice-based profession and an academic discipline that promotes social change and development, social cohesion, the empowerment and liberation of people. Principles of social justice, human rights, collective responsibility and respect for diversities are central to social work. Underpinned by theories of social work, social sciences and indigenous knowledge, social work engages people and structures to address life challenges and enhance wellbeing." International Federation of Social Workers "Social work is a profession concerned with helping individuals, families and communities to enhance their individual and collective well-being. It aims to help people develop their skills and their ability to use their own resources and those of the community to resolve problems. Social work is concerned with individual and personal problems but with broader social issues such as poverty and domestic violence."
- Canadian Association of Social Workers Social work practice consists of the professional application of social work values and techniques to one or more of the following ends: helping people obtain tangible services. The practice of social work requires knowledge of human behavior; this may be helping to protect vulnerable people from harm or abuse or supporting people to live independently. Social workers support people, act as advocates and direct people to the services they may require. Social workers work in multi-disciplinary teams alongside health and education professionals." - British Association of Social Workers The practice and profession of social work has a modern and scientific origin, is considered to have developed out of three strands. The first was individual casework, a strategy pioneered by the Charity Organization Society in the mid-19th century, founded by Helen Bosanquet and Octavia Hill in London, England. Most historians identify COS as the pioneering organization of the social theory that led to the emergence of social work as a professional occupation.
COS had its main focus on individual casework. The second was social administration, which included various forms of poverty relief –'relief of paupers'. Statewide poverty relief could be said to have its roots in the English Poor Laws of the 17th century, but was first systematized through the efforts of the Charity Organization Society; the third consisted of social action – rather than engaging in the resolution of immediate individual requirements, the emphasis was placed on political action working through the community and the group to improve their social conditions and thereby alleviate poverty. This approach was developed by the Settlement House Movement; this was accompanied by a less defined movement. All had their most rapid growth during the nineteenth century, laid the foundation basis for modern social work, both in theory and in practice. Professional social work originated in 19th century England, had its roots in the social and economic upheaval wrought by the Industrial Revolution, in particular the societal struggle to deal with the resultant mass urban-based poverty and its related problems.
Because poverty was the main focus of early social work, it was intricately linked with the idea of charity work. Other important historical figures that shaped the growth of the social work profession are Jane Addams, who founded the Hull House in Chicago and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931. Social work is an interdisciplinary profession, meaning it draws from a number of areas, s
Everyman Theatre, Liverpool
The Everyman Theatre stands at the north end of Hope Street, Merseyside, England. It was founded in 1964, in Hope Hall, in an area of Liverpool noted for its bohemian environment and political edge, built a reputation for ground-breaking work; the Everyman was rebuilt between 2011 and 2014. The building was constructed as Hope Hall, a dissenters' chapel built in 1837. In 1841 it became a church dedicated to Saint John the Evangelist; this became a public concert hall in 1853. In 1912 the hall was turned into Hope Hall Cinema, which continued serving this purpose until it closed in 1963. Prior to its closure the hall had become a meeting place for local artists, folk musicians, sculptors, including Arthur Dooley, Roger McGough, Adrian Henri, forming what became known as the Liverpool Scene; this group decided that the building would be suitable for use as a theatre and in September 1964 the Everyman Theatre was opened by Martin Jenkins, Peter James and Terry Hands. In 1975 the theatre closed and was rebuilt, its work being continued as a touring company until it re-opened in September 1977.
During the 1970s and the 1980s works of Liverpool playwrights, including Willy Russell and Alan Bleasdale, received debuts in the theatre: these included Shirley Valentine and John, George, Ringo … and Bert. In addition to plays, the theatre has produced musicals, an annual rock-n-roll panto each Christmas. During its time the theatre has been involved with the careers of Julie Walters, Bernard Hill, Jonathan Pryce, Alan Scarfe, Pete Postlethwaite, Antony Sher, Bill Nighy, Barbara Dickson, Matthew Kelly, Cathy Tyson; the theatre is managed together with Liverpool Playhouse by Merseyside Theatres Trust. Since 2004 The two theatres have worked to an integrated programme run by their artistic director and their executive director. Together they are registered as a charity known as Merseyside Theatres Trust Limited. In July 2011 the theatre closed to be rebuilt; the last major production was Macbeth, starring David Morrissey and Julia Ford, which closed on 11 June. This was followed by performances from Roger McGough and Brian Patten, by the local pop band Deaf School.
The final closure event took place on 2 July. From 28 July contents of the theatre, including seats and benches from the theatre, pillars from the original Hope Hall, were available for purchase by auction; the Everyman reopened in February 2014. In October 2014, the Stirling Prize was awarded to Haworth Tompkins by the Royal Institute of British Architects for the best British building of the year. In 1970 Paddy Byrne and Dave Scott established a restaurant in the basement of the theatre known as the Liverpool Everyman Bistro, which became a popular dining venue in the city. There are plans to create a similar restaurant to be associated with the new theatre. Rejects Revenge Theatre Company Citations Sources Pye, Discover Liverpool, Liverpool: Trinity Mirror Media, ISBN 978-1-906802-90-5 Everyman and Playhouse Theatres Guardian article about the closure
City Literary Institute
City Lit is an adult education college in Holborn, central London, founded by the London County Council in 1919 which has charitable status. It offers part-time courses in areas such as overcoming stammering, communication for the deaf and hard-of-hearing, support for people with learning difficulties, languages and visual/performing arts. In 2011, City Lit was graded "Outstanding" by government inspectors Ofsted. More in 2016, it was ranked "outstanding" for "personal development and welfare" and "good" in four other categories. In 1918, following the war, the London County Council wanted to strengthen non-vocational education, they approved the opening of five literary institutes: Plumstead and Woolwich, Dalston and City Literary Institute. They took their first students in September 1919. At the time, it was a radically different approach to adult education, their first four classrooms were leased from a teacher training college. City Lit is now the sole survivor of London’s Literary Institute movement.
In 2005, City Lit moved from its building in Stukeley Street to new, purpose designed premises in nearby Keeley Street, which are accessible and include facilities such as studio spaces, "supported learning centre", roof terrace with a herb garden and music recital room. Since they have opened new photography and digital arts studios. In 2007 City Lit was the first adult education college to be given the Queen's Anniversary Prize, to mark their international reputation in stammering therapy. In 2014, proposed cuts and redundancies, including to university access and maths GCSE courses, deaf education, attracted controversy; the Guardian reports a "senior source" blamed the government and warned "We got outstanding in our last inspection. How are we going to maintain that outstanding education with fewer staff?". Criticism was directed at the college's marketing budget and the expansion of short courses such as "graffiti" cross-stitch, beer tasting and burlesque. Principal Malcomson said the advertising expenditure was intended in part to support "more charitable provision" in the future.
The 2016 Ofsted report recommended that the "minority" of education which did not reach an adequate standard be eliminated, more challenging goals be introduced for students of greatest ability, English-language learners be provided with adequate lesson time to speak error-free English, efforts made to ensure less able learners have learned and understood what was taught. City Lit offers subjects in the areas of art, dance, creative writing and politics, languages ranging from French and German to Persian and Korean, counselling and fitness; as of May, 2017, Hotcourses.com listed 1156 courses. The college offers specialist areas, including education for D/deaf adults, courses for adults with learning disabilities and work in stammering therapy. Other adult education providers in Camden, London include the nearby Mary Ward Centre, Birkbeck College and the Working Men's College. City Lit website
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
The Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress is an award given annually by the Los Angeles Film Critics Association. It was first introduced in 1977 to reward the best performance by a supporting actress. † = Winner of the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress ‡ = Nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress 2 winsJoan Allen Maureen Stapleton Dianne Wiest National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress
Glenn Close is an American actress and producer. She is the recipient of numerous accolades, including three Tony Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, three Primetime Emmy Awards. A seven-time Academy Award nominee, she holds the record as the actress to have the most nominations without winning. In 2016, Close was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame. Born to the surgeon William Close in Greenwich, Close majored in theater and anthropology at the College of William & Mary, she began her professional career on stage in 1974 with Love for Love and was a New York stage actress until the early 1980s. Her work included Broadway productions of Barnum in 1980 and The Real Thing in 1983, for which she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play, her film debut came in The World According to Garp, followed by supporting roles in the films The Big Chill and The Natural. Close went on to establish herself as a leading lady in Hollywood with roles in Fatal Attraction and Dangerous Liaisons, both of which earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress.
Close won two more Tony Awards for Death and the Maiden in 1992 and Sunset Boulevard in 1995. She won her first Primetime Emmy Award for the 1995 television drama film Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer Story, she continued a successful career in Hollywood with starring roles in Reversal of Fortune, 101 Dalmatians, Air Force One, among others. Further television work came for Close in the 2000s, with her portrayal of Eleanor of Aquitaine in the 2003 television film The Lion in Winter earning her a Golden Globe Award. From 2007 to 2012, Close starred as Patty Hewes in the drama series Damages, which won her a Golden Globe Award and two more Primetime Emmy Awards, she returned to the Broadway stage in a 2014 revival of A Delicate Balance. During this period, she received two additional Best Actress Academy Award nominations for Albert Nobbs and The Wife, winning a third Golden Globe for the latter. Close has been married three times, she has a daughter from her relationship with producer John Starke.
She has co-founded the website FetchDog. She has made political donations in support of Democratic politicians, is vocal on issues such as gay marriage, women's rights, mental health. Close was born on March 19, 1947 in Greenwich, Connecticut, to socialite Bettine Moore Close and William Taliaferro Close, a doctor who operated a clinic in the Belgian Congo and served as a personal physician to Zaire's ruler Mobutu Sese Seko, she has two sisters and Jessie, two brothers and Tambu Misoki, whom Close's parents adopted while living in Africa. During her childhood, Close lived with her parents in a stone cottage on her maternal grandfather's estate in Greenwich. Close has credited her acting abilities to her early years: "I have no doubt that the days I spent running free in the evocative Connecticut countryside with an unfettered imagination, playing whatever character our games demanded, is one of the reasons that acting has always seemed so natural to me." Although Close has an affluent background, she has stated that her family chose not to participate in WASP society.
She would avoid mentioning her birthplace whenever asked because she did not want people to think she was a "dilettante who didn't have to work."When Close was seven years old, her parents joined the Moral Re-Armament, a movement in which her family remained involved for fifteen years. During this period, Close's family lived in communal centers. Close has described MRA as a "cult" that dictated every aspect of her life, from the clothes that had to be worn to what she was allowed to say, she once stated that her desire to become an actress allowed her to break away from MRA, adding: "I have long forgiven my parents for any of this. They had their reasons for doing what they did, I understand them, it had terrible effects on their kids. We all try to survive, right? And I think what saved me more than anything was my desire to be an actress." She spent time in Switzerland. Close traveled for several years in the mid-to-late 1960s with a singing group called Up With People and attended Rosemary Hall, graduating in 1965.
During her time in Up With People, Close organized a small singing group called the Green Glenn Singers, consisting of herself, Kathe Green, Jennie Dorn, Vee Entwistle. The group's stated mission was "to write and sing songs which would give people a purpose and inspire them to live the way they were meant to live."When she was 22, Close broke away from MRA. She attended The College of William & Mary, double majoring in theater and anthropology, Class of 1974. During her senior year of college, Close became inspired to pursue a career in acting after watching an interview of Katharine Hepburn on The Dick Cavett Show, it was in the College's theater department that Close began to train as a serious actor under Howard Scammon and Mary's long-time professor of theater. During her years at school in Williamsburg, she starred in the summer-time outdoor drama, "The Common Glory," written by Pulitzer Prize author Paul Green, she was elected to membership in the honor society of Phi Beta Kappa. Through the years, Close has returned to William & Mary to lecture and to visit the theater department.
In 1989, Close was the commencement speaker at William & Mary and received an honorary doctor of arts degree. In 1980, director George Roy Hill discovered Close on Broadway and asked her