Mondariz – Balneario
Mondariz–Balneario is a spa town and municipality in Galicia, Spain in the province of Pontevedra. It has the distinction of being the smallest municipality in Galicia and one of the smallest in Spain, it is known through archaeological remains that the site now occupied by the town was inhabited from prehistoric times, which establishes the existence of a fort in the Coto Cividade as well as in Roman times, as in Pious neighboring parish are remains of Roman amphorae, various ceramic and bronze coins confirming the occupation. However, the finding of greater magnitude and Roman is the best proof that Mondariz-Balneario was Romanized, are remains of a Roman road near the stands, on or river Tea, Cernadela bridge of Roman origin. Tradition has it that in 1282 and in the chapel of San Pedro, situated in this county, took place the marriage of King Diniz of Portugal to the Princess Isabella of Aragon, daughter of Peter III and became known as Isabel of Portugal. In the new division of Pontevedra municipalities, in accordance with Royal Decree of 23 June 1835, it was included in the parish of Mondariz as a mere territory, as reflected in his writings Florida Blanca, it was under the jurisdiction of Sobrosa, being dependent of Don Juan Lago, the Marquis de Valladares and the Marquis de Sobrosa.
In 1904 the parish becomes Troncoso, a newly created parish whose territories were dispersed from the parish of Santa Eulalia de Mondariz dependent of Mondariz parish. In 1924, after the change of name to the parish of Our Lady of Lourdes it becomes an independent municipality on November 30 with the current name Mondariz-Balneario. Balneario is the Spanish word for spa resort, referring the host-medical establishment that had provided the necessary economic strength to support its emancipation from Mondariz. Thus, the history of Mondariz-Balneario is related to Don Sabino Peinador Enrique Vela, who made the aforementioned neighborhood Troncoso renowned spa, thanks to which appeared the town. Since April 17, 1925 the town of Mondariz-Balneario holds the title of "Very hospitable villa" granted by King Alfonso XIII and General Primo de Rivera in thanks to good treatment received from the neighbors in their frequent visits to the Grand Hotel; the Grand Hotel, that opened in 1898 and hosted important guests in the early twentieth century, started its decline after the spanish civil war.
In 1973 a devastating fire destroyed the Grand Hotel and left the building in ruins until 2005, when it was rebuilt to house private apartments. In the meantime, a new hotel and spa was built in the adjacent buildings, nowadays Mondariz-Balneario remains as one of the most important spa resorts in Galicia. Official website
Moaña is a municipality of 18,709 inhabitants located in Galicia, Spain in the province of Pontevedra. It is one of the five municipalities with Bueu, Cangas do Morrazo and Vilaboa that forms the peninsula of O Morrazo; this peninsula separates the Ria of Vigo from the Ria of Pontevedra. The coast of Moaña has several beaches and the area combines tourism with traditional seafood production; the surrounding sea contains sea farms where mussels and other species are cultivated and it is an idyllic place for practicing sea sports activities. The Strait of Rande, where the Rande Bridge now connects Moaña with the municipality of Redondela, was the scene of the Battle of Vigo Bay. Moaña has developed a significant cultural life with the highlights of this being the Interceltic Festival of Morrazo, the Week of Carnival and numerous other local feasts. Social movements were relevant in Moaña in the first half of the 20th century where the presence of the CNT was significant. In fact, the current local pub/bar for retired people was the head office of this syndicate in Moaña during the Second Spanish Republic.
The first reports of human occupation of these lands belong to the Acheulean period. In the parishes of Domaio, O Carme and Tiran are found flint tools and the remains of settlements dating from the Neolithic to the Middle Ages. Elements of the Beaker culture outside funeral environments were documented for the first time in Galicia in the area of A Fontela. Tools and weapons of copper and bronze were found in Meira and Tiran, where some relevant petroglyphs can be visited; the Castro culture is represented in the municipality with strong indications of romanization. In the Middle Ages, Moaña was under the jurisdiction of the bishop of Iria Flavia and Santiago de Compostela. In the 7th century Norman attacks caused a loss of population throughout the Morrazo, but from the 12th century, took place a new resurgence of the population, after Archbishop Diego Gelmírez established a plan to defend the coast. From these dates are San Xoán of Tiran. From the 14th century, families like the Meira, the Valadares or Soutomaior took control of the town.
Noteworthy is the episode of the destruction of Meira Tower during the Irmandiño Wars. The introduction of maize in the 17th century, changed local economy. 90% of arable land is utilized for the cultivation of this plant. As consequence, there is a raising of water mills along the rivers in the district. Fishing has been a key activity in the local economy during all that time; the arrival of entrepreneurs from Catalonia in the 17th century established the fish canning industry, generating a population and economic growth quite remarkable. In 1702 comes the Battle of Rande where British and Netherland forces take and plunder Domaio and Tiran. One hundred years battles are fought in this land against the French invaders. Moaña has a mild oceanic climate. Temperatures are not extreme, having an annual average of 15 °C. Precipitation ranges between 1500 mm per year; the economy of Moaña has always been related to the sea. This relationship covers all the economic sectors; the activities of the primary sector complement industrial and services industries, which are based on the maritime activities.
The primary sector contains 24.4% of the working population. 39% of the working population work within the secondary sector. This sector's main activities are shipyard activities and the canning of seafood; the services sector has 37% of the working population with shopping and tourism being the main activities. Tourism amenities within the area include three pleasure harbors; the whole south limit of Moaña is coast. There are a series of rocky cliffs and beaches from the strait of Rande to the municipality of Cangas. Cliffs are short of height and there are some small beaches at their bottom. Large beaches are formed in the inlets; the most popular are: A Xunqueira Beach, located in the city centre. It is surrounded by a sportive premises. O Con Beach, located between the main dock of Moaña and Cortés cape. Good quality of sand. Equipped Blue Flag beach. Canabal Beach or Germans' Beach, located in the parish of Tirán, it is a quiet place. Urban leyend says. Domaio Beach, located next to the dock of Domaio.
Meira Beach, located next to A Xunqueira beach, between Saint Bartolome's Island and the coast of the parish of Meira. Raven's small beach located at the bottom of a short clift in the coast of Tirán. A Borna Beach, located in the parish of Domaio. Videira Beach, located in the parish of Tirán. There are several rivers and loads of streams, highlighting: A Fraga's River or Thieve's River It starts in Xaxán Mountain and it flows into the A Xunqueira beach, it is the largest in the entire municipality. It contains waterfalls. There are 31 restored watermills integrated in a Watermill’s Route. Three of those are still in active. Freixa's River Hell's River Miñouba River, It starts in the Faro Mountain in the parish of Domaio, it has the famous Moura's deep pool. Ravine's River Country House of O Rosal, interesting example of civil architecture in second half of 18th century. In the chapel is buried the rear admiral Casto Méndez Núñez. Dolmen of Chan Da Arquiña, within its boundaries is the highest point of Morrazo, Mount Faro, 622m high.
Near the top is a recreational environment in which it is located this important megalithic monument with more than 5,000 years old. It consists of a polygonal chamber composed of eleven upright stones and a c
Bueu is a municipality in Galicia, Spain, in the province of Pontevedra. Bueu belongs to the Comarca of O Morrazo together with Cangas do Moaña and Marín, it is located on the northern edge of the Morrazo peninsula. Isla de Ons and its small archipelago, part of the Atlantic Islands of Galicia National Park, belong administratively to Bueu. There is evidence of archaeological finds dating back from the Paleolithic period; the forts on the island of Ons, Bon and A Cividade are all of the Bronze Age. Subsequently, are the Roman settlements of Pescadoira and Meiro, with the altar stones dedicated to the Lares road. Only by the age of the temples in Bueu we can approach the time, it is known. In Beluso there is data concerning a cession in 1008; the Church of Cela is from the twelfth century. The old Hermelo priory had a temple in the twelfth century; as for the etymology of Bueu there are various opinions, but believed to be the closest is "marshy terrain". Bueu, official website Bueu, Rias Baixas Massó Museum Project BueuINforma
Arbo is a municipality in Galicia, in the province of Pontevedra
Comarcas of Spain
In Spain traditionally and some autonomous communities are divided into comarcas. Some comarcas have a defined status, are regulated by law and their comarcal councils have some power. In some other cases their legal status is not formal for they correspond to natural areas, like valleys, river basins and mountainous areas, or to historical regions overlapping different provinces and ancient kingdoms. In such comarcas or natural regions municipalities have resorted to organizing themselves in mancomunidad, like the Taula del Sénia, the only legal formula that has allowed those comarcas to manage their public municipal resources meaningfully. There is a comarca, the Cerdanya, divided between two states, the southwestern half being counted as a comarca of Spain, while the northeastern half is part of France. In English, a comarca is equivalent to a district, area or zone. Alto Almanzora Poniente Almeriense Níjar Los Vélez Levante Almería Bahía de Cádiz Bajo Guadalquivir called Costa Noroeste Campo de Gibraltar La Janda Campiña de Jerez called Marco de Jerez Sierra de Cádiz Alto Guadalquivir Campiña de Baena Campiña Este - Guadajoz Campiña Sur Los Pedroches Subbetica Valle del Guadiato Valle Medio del Guadalquivir Granadin Alpujarra Comarca de Alhama Comarca de Baza Comarca de Guadix Comarca de Huéscar Comarca de Loja Granadin Coast Los Montes Lecrin Valley Vega de Granada Andévalo Condado de Huelva Cuenca Minera de Huelva Costa Occidental de Huelva Huelva Sierra de Huelva Alto Guadalquivir - Cazorla La Campiña El Condado Área Metropolitana de Jaén La Loma Las Villas Norte Sierra Mágina Sierra de Segura Sierra Sur de Jaén Antequera Axarquía Costa del Sol Occidental Málaga Serranía de Ronda Valle del Guadalhorce Aljarafe Bajo Guadalquivir Campiña Estepa Marisma Sierra Norte Sierra Sur La Vega Alto Gállego Bajo Cinca called Baix Cinca Cinca Medio Hoya de Huesca called Plana de Uesca Jacetania La Litera called La Llitera Monegros Ribagorza Sobrarbe Somontano de Barbastro Bajo Martín Jiloca Cuencas Mineras Andorra-Sierra de Arcos Bajo Aragón Comunidad de Teruel Maestrazgo Sierra de Albarracín Comarca, named after the Sierra de Albarracín mountain range Gúdar-Javalambre Matarraña called Matarranya Aranda Bajo Aragón-Caspe called Baix Aragó-Casp Campo de Belchite Campo de Borja Campo de Cariñena Campo de Daroca Cinco Villas Comunidad de Calatayud Ribera Alta del Ebro Ribera Baja del Ebro Tarazona y el Moncayo Valdejalón Zaragoza Avilés Caudal Eo-Navia Gijón / Xixón Nalón Narcea Oriente Oviedo / Uviéu Serra de Tramuntana Es Raiguer Es Pla Migjorn Llevant Menorca Eivissa Formentera Añana Aiara / Ayala Agurain / Salvatierra Vitoria-Gasteiz Zuia Arabako Mendialdea / Montaña Alavesa Arabako Errioxa / Rioja Alavesa Arratia-Nerbioi Busturialdea Durangaldea Enkarterri Greater Bilbao Lea-Artibai Uribe Bidasoa-Txingudi Debabarrena Debagoiena Goierri Donostialdea Tolosaldea Urola Kosta Fuerteventura Lanzarote Las Palmas El Hierro La Gomera La Palma Tenerife Valle de Güímar Valle de la Orotava Icod Daute Isla Baja Isora-Teno Tenerife Sur Tenerife Sur Acentejo Metropolitana-Anaga Comarca de Santander Besaya Saja-Nansa Costa occidental Costa oriental Trasmiera Pas-Miera Asón-Agüera Liébana Campoo-Los Valles Alt Penedès Anoia Bages Baix Llobregat Barcelonès Berguedà Garraf Maresme Moianès Osona Vallès Occidental Vallès Oriental Alt Empordà Baix Empordà Baixa Cerdanya Garrotxa Gironès Osona Pla de l'Estany Ripollès Selva Alt Urgell Alta Ribagorça Baixa Cerdanya Garrigues Noguera Pallars Jussà Pallars Sobirà Pla d'Urgell Segarra Segrià Solsonès Urgell Val d'Aran Alt Camp Baix Camp Baix Ebre Baix Penedès Conca de Barberà Montsià Priorat Ribera d'Ebre Tarragonès Terra Alta Llanos de Albacete Campos de Hellín La Mancha del Júcar-Centro La Manchuela Monte Ibérico–Corredor de Almansa Sierra de Alcaraz y Campo de Montiel Sierra del Segura Campo de Montiel.
Alcarria conquense. La Mancha de Cuenca. Manchuela conquense. Serranía Alta. Serranía Baja. Serranía Media-Campichuelo. Campiña de Guadalajara Campiña del Henares La Alcarria La Serranía Señorío de Molina-Alto Tajo Campo de San Juan La Jara La Campana de Oropesa Mancha Alta de Toledo Mesa de Ocaña Montes de Toledo La Sagra Sierra de San Vicente Tierras de Talavera Torrijos La Moraña Comarca de Ávila Comarca de El Barco de Ávila - Piedrahíta Comarca de Burgohondo - El Tiemblo - Cebreros Comarca de Arenas de San Pedro Merindades Páramos La Bureba Ebro Odra-Pisuerga Alfoz de Burgos Montes de Oca Arlanza Sierra de la Demanda Ribera del Duero La Montaña de Luna La Montaña de Riaño La Cabrera Astorga El Bierzo Tierras de León La Bañeza El Páramo Esla-Campos Sahagún Cerrato Palentino Montaña Palentina Páramos Valles Tierra de Campos Comarca de Vitigudino Comarca de Ciudad Rodrigo La Armuña Las Villas Tierra de Peñaranda Tierra de Cantalapiedra Tierra de Ledesma Comarca de Guijuelo Tierra de Alba Sierra de Béjar Sierra de Francia Campo de Salamanca An official classification establishes three comarcas: Segovia.
Cuéllar. Sepúlveda.or sometimes four: Tierra de Pinares. Segovia. Sepúlveda. Tierra de Ayllón. However, historic approaches establish six comarcas: Tierra de Pinares. Tierra de Ayllón. Tierras de Cantalejo y
Lalín is a municipality in Galicia, Spain in the north of the province of Pontevedra. It's the capital of the region of the Deza; the town has a population of 20,158 inhabitants. The surface of the municipality is 326.8 km2, being the biggest municipality in the province of Pontevedra and the fourth of Galicia, with a population density of 63.85 inhabitants/km2. Located in the North-East of the province of Pontevedra. Concello de Lalín
Cambados is a municipality in Galicia, Spain in the province of Pontevedra. It is known for Albariño. Fishing is a major industry in this coastal area of Galicia. In Cambados and seafood sellers sell at what is called La Plaza, a large and hallow installation, busy every morning, as fish is part of the daily diet. La ría de Arousa, the body of water that surrounds this area, is rich in many types of seafood, as well. In Cambados, seafood is collected in "O Serrido" or "A Seca", an area of water surrounding the San Tome Tower emptying out completely when the tide is low, leaving the perfect area for seafood collectors. Large groups of them, go when the tide is low with their buckets and tools to dig up the sand and collect seafood; the culture in Cambados, as well as most coastal villages of Galicia much revolves around seafood. It is always eaten at Christmastime, on holidays, at weddings; every Saturday and Wednesday morning there is a market along the maritime walk, selling cheap clothing, shoes and household items.
It is popular because of its prices and walking through the market the sellers yell out prices and persuasions. Most holidays call for fiestas, in which there are performances and rides occurring during summertime; the largest and most famous of these fiestas is the Festa do Albariño, that lasts about a week towards the end of July or beginning of August. Tents are set up along the Calzada selling high quality Albariño wine and seafood, most people walk around with a wine glass hanging with a thread from their neck. Performances during the Albariño are special: whilst other fiesta performances consist of unknown orchestras, the Albariño brings about more famous performers. For example, Alejandro Sanz has performed during these fiestas. Cambados is famous for its Albariño white wine; the area is moist and windy, contributing to the grape’s thickness and the wine’s strong aroma. It has only been within this last decade that Albariño has become world-renowned and has been grown outside of Galicia.
This wine has been nicknamed “the wine of the sea”, because of its coastal vineyards and its compatibility with seafood. The first mayor of Cambados during the Second Republic of Spain was Juan Vidal Fraga; the republic reached Cambados without the existence of a Republican party in the area. Fraga’s family had controlled the political life in Cambados during the reform. In February 1936, José Manuel Silva became the new governor; the beginning of the 20th century coincides with Spain’s restoration period, politically influenced by Cánovas del Castillo. This consists in the alternation of power between two parties -- Liberal; this contributed with major political change, leaning towards a more local system rather than being associated with Spain’s higher power. The first democratic elections were in 1979; this climate can be classified as oceanic humid. Temperatures are moderate and rainfall is abundant, 1,500 millimeters on average. In the winter maximum temperatures hover around 14 °C and minimum around −2 °C, but drop below 0 °C.
In the spring and fall the minimum is around 6 °C and maximum around 23 °C. Storms and heavy rains are common around this time of the year. In the summer the minimum temperatures at night drop to between 16 °C and 18 °C and in the day temperatures reach 30 °C, there are internal record temperatures of 35 °C. Rainfall during the months of summer are insignificant. Pazo of Fefiñáns Church of San Bieito Ruins of the Church of Santa Mariña Tower of`San Sadurniño Pazo of Montesacro A Seca mill Monument of Ramón Cabanillas Monument of Baco in the praza de Ramón Cabanillas Monument das Vieiras Pazo da Capitana Cambados Castrelo Corbillón Oubiña Vilariño. River mouth of ría Umia Monte Rei Santa Mariña Dozo Viewpoint of'A Pastora' And Monte Castro or "Con de Sete Pious" O saco de Fefiñáns A illa da Torre Xunqueira do Pombal Ramón Cabanillas Francisco Asorey Francisco "Cuco" Leiro Manolo Paz Yayo Daporta Lino Silva Xoan Silva Domingo Tabuyo Xaquín Charlín "Chon" "Albari" Albariño. Web. 7th Nov. 2009 "Albariño" Wine Information, Appreciation | Professional Friends of Wine.
Web. 03 Nov. 2009 "Cambados | Galicia Guide | Spain" GALICIA GUIDE | Galicia Spain main index. Web. 03 Nov. 2009. I. E. S Francisco Asorey, Cambados e Candea. Cambados: Cen anos de historia a través da fotografía. Cambados: Imprenta Fidalgo, S. L. Print. "Turismo" Concello de Cambados. Web. 03 Nov. 2009 Official website