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Cattai National Park

The Cattai National Park is a protected national park, located in the Hawkesbury region of Sydney, New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 424-hectare national park is situated 55 kilometres northwest of the Sydney central business district and 13 km from Windsor, it includes Hope Farm. The national park is situated on the Hawkesbury River and consists of three areas, Cattai Park at the junction of Cattai Creek and the Hawkesbury River, Hope Farm which adjoins Cattai Park to the north, Mitchell Park 2.5 km upstream along Cattai Creek. Part of the national park was an original First Fleet grant and the park contains important historic and archaeological resources, including a homestead built in the 1820s, ruins of a stone windmill, thought to be the oldest industrial building in Australia, convict-built dry stone walls, a range of other features which reflect changes in the place since the early nineteenth century; the national park contains a number of Aboriginal sites which are of importance to our understanding of the Cattai area prior to European settlement.

The Cattai Homestead, constructed around 1820, its curtilage is listed by the National Trust and the Australian Heritage Commission. The Hope Farm Mill on Hope Farm, listed on the Register of the National Estate, was constructed around 1806 and is believed to be the oldest industrial site in Australia. Protected areas of New South Wales Cattai, New South Wales "Cattai National Park". NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service. Government of New South Wales. Cattai National Park. NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service, Government of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2014. "Cattai National Park: Plan of management". NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service. Government of New South Wales. November 1997. ISBN 0-7310-0887-1. "Cattai National Park". Office of Environment & Heritage. Government of New South Wales

Sati' al-Husri

Sāṭi` al-Ḥuṣrī was an Ottoman and Iraqi writer, educationalist and an influential Arab nationalist thinker in the 20th century. Al-Husri was born in Yemen, to a government official from a wealthy Aleppine family. Frequent moving meant that he never received a formal education from a madrasah but instead spent his formative years studying at the Mekteb-i Mülkiye, a public administration college in Constantinople. Before studying the Arabic language, he learned French; when he spoke, he had a Turkish accent. In 1900, he graduated from the Royal Academy, worked as a schoolteacher in Ioannina in Epirus part of the European territories of the Ottoman Empire. During this period, he began to show an interest in questions of nationality and was exposed to the competing strands of European nationalism. After five years in Yanina, he took up a high-ranking administrative position in Macedonia, where the officers who would form the Committee for Union and Progress had a strong presence. After the Young Turk revolution of 1908, he was appointed in May 1909 director of the Teachers' Institute, Darülmuallimin in Constantinople, where he initiated major reforms in pedagogy and the public education system.

In this period he became editor of two important educational reviews. From 1910 to 1912, he visited European countries to examine modern educational methods. A supporter of Ottomanism and the Young Turks, from 1916 on he moved towards Arabism; the Ottoman government granted al-Husri the post of director-general of education in the Syria Province at the beginning of World War I in 1914. In 1919, after the establishment of an independent Arab state in Syria under Faisal, al-Husri moved to Damascus where he was appointed Director General of Education, Minister of Education. Al-Husri followed Faisal to Iraq in 1920 after the French imposed their mandate on Syria, from 1921 to 1927 held the position of Director of General Education. In addition to other positions, he subsequently held the post of head of the Higher Teachers' Training College until 1937. During these years he played an influential role in promoting Arab nationalism through the educational system, brought in teachers from Syria and Palestine to teach Arabic history and culture.

According to Malik Mufti, his "chief accomplishment was to inculcate into the political and military elites of the country a permanent commitment to the vision of a strong and integrated Iraq destined one day to lead the entire Arab world."In 1941 nationalist army officers, from the first generation to have come under the influence of al-Husri's ideas, carried out a coup d'état against the pro-British monarchy and government installing a pro-Axis regime under Rashid Ali al-Gailani. When British forces restored the monarchy, al-Husri was deported as were over a hundred of the Syrian and Palestinian teachers he had induced to come to Iraq. Al-Husri's next major enterprise was the reform of the educational system in Syria. In 1943 the newly elected Syrian president Shukri al-Kuwatli invited him to Damascus still under the French mandate, to draw up a new curriculum along Arab nationalist lines for the country's secondary education system. Al-Husri established a curriculum informed by his nationalist ideas which reduced the French cultural element and broke away from the French educational model.

Against the bitter opposition of the French, the reservations of various political figures, the new curriculum was introduced in December 1944, but the sudden change caused confusion and shortages of the new schoolbooks did nothing to improve its reception. A year the former curriculum was restored. In 1947, al-Husri moved to Cairo, taking up a position in the Cultural Directorate of the League of Arab States, he would remain there for 18 years. He returned to Baghdad in 1965, died there in December 1968. Al-Husri's approach to Arab nationalism was influenced by nineteenth-century European thinkers German romantic nationalists such as Herder and Fichte. Historian Maher Charif describes him as having a "cultural-sentimental" approach to nationalism. Al-Husri's conception of the nation is a primordialist one, he viewed the nation as a living entity, like other thinkers of his school insisted on its long-standing historic existence if its members were unconscious of that or refused to be considered an Arab.

For al-Husri, the basic constituent elements of a nation were a shared language and a shared history. He rejected the idea that other factors, such as state action, religion, or economic factors, could play a part in bringing about nationalist sentiment. Al-Husri rejected the idea of an Islamic nation on the basis that this would cover cultural and geographic scopes that are too broad, he argued that if this were to be the ultimate goal, it would be impossible to achieve without achieving Arab unity first. He sought to distance Arabic from Islam, arguing that both the Arabs and Arabic existed before it. Al-Husri saw localist tendencies as the main obstacle to the realisation of nationalist goals, but pointed to the German and Italian experiences as indications that they would be overcome. Communist internationalism was a threat, but by the mid-1920s, with the Caliphate abolished, al-Husri was confident that the challenge posed by pan-Islamism was vanquished. Charif states that al-Husri "established a barrier between civilisation on the one hand, culture on the other hand, taking the view that the first, which comprises the sciences and modes of production, is intrinsica

Jean-Olivier Chénier

Jean-Olivier Chénier was a physician in Lower Canada. Born in Lachine. During the Lower Canada Rebellion, he commanded the Patriote forces in the Battle of Saint-Eustache. Trapped with his men in a church by the British troops who set flames to the building, he was killed while attempting to escape through a window, he died to shouts of "Remember Weir!", a reference to George Weir, a British spy executed by the Patriotes. After pillaging of the village, the British mutilated Chénier's corpse to scare and humiliate his Patriote supporters: Chénier was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic religion until 1945; the name was condemned. The Chénier park in the Bas-St-Laurent was renamed after the excommunication of the family; the excommunicated family moved to Ontario. There is a statue of Jean-Olivier Chénier in St-Eustache in remembrance of those who died in the fire of 1837. Another used to be situated on St. Denis Street in downtown Montréal. However, this statue was removed at about the same time when the new Université de Montréal Health Centre was inaugurated, in 2016.

Chénier Street in Montreal is named for him, as is the Jean-Olivier-Chénier Section of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society of Montreal. The Chénier Cell of the Front de libération du Québec, held responsible for the killing of Pierre Laporte, was named for him. CLSC Jean Olivier Chénier on Oka Road in Saint-Eustache, was named after Chénier. A daycare centre situated in Saint-Eustache is named "Les petits Patriotes". Patriote movement Quebec nationalism Quebec independence movement History of Quebec Timeline of Quebec history Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online

List of Halloweentown characters

This is a list of characters that appear in the Halloweentown film series. Splendora Agatha "Aggie" Cromwell is the mother of Gwen and grandmother of Marnie and Sophie, she is the daughter of Merlin's cousin Marvin. It is unknown if Cromwell was her maiden name, or if she is widowed, as she is referred to by others as Mrs. Cromwell in Halloweentown High, she is a witch and resides in Halloweentown until Gwen offers to let her move to the human world and live with them at the end of the first movie. She agrees, but is having a hard time not using her magic. In the first two movies, she carries a bottomless carpetbag that magically strolls along next to her as she walks; the carpet bag is faithful to her as well as being cowardly, as in the first movie it is scared to jump off a flying bus, but does so when she pretends to leave without it. In Halloweentown High, she tries to fit in by taking various teaching jobs at Marnie and Dylan's high school and falls for the principal, she has a new bag that follows her around, this one resembling an alligator without a head that loves to eat.

In Return to Halloweentown, it is revealed that during the dark times, Splendora Agatha Cromwell was the Princess of Halloweentown, who possessed the Gift, an ancient power. It was a necklace that had power to give the wearer complete control over any person – but it could only be worn by a Cromwell witch or warlock. An evil battalion of dark warlocks and witches known as the Dominion, sought the Gift and wanted Splendora to use it to dominate Halloweentown. Wanting to live like a regular witch, Splendora placed the Gift in a locked box and buried it under the ruins of Cromwell Castle - where Witch University sits, it is said that only her heir could unleash the Gift that's stored inside and use the power within it. Gwendolyn "Gwen" Piper is the daughter of Aggie, she is the mother of Marnie, Sophie Piper. She was born as a witch in Halloweentown; when she was young, she dated Kalabar, she went on a date with the bogeyman. She married him. After her husband was deceased, she continues to live in the mortal world, believing that it is better to be "normal".

Since Halloweentown Gwen uses her magic more and it continues to grow with each film. In Halloweentown, she keeps Halloweentown a secret from her children and would prefer to raise them as mortal, not allowing anything that has to do with magic or Halloween be mentioned in the house. Dylan agrees with her. Gwen would fight with her mother on the subject of whether or not she should allow her children to follow their family's tradition Marnie, about to lose her powers forever after her 13th Halloween. At the end of the first film, she offers to let Aggie come live with them and agrees to have Marnie do her witch training. Although Gwen accepts her child's urge to connect more with the magical heritage, she continues to encourage Marnie to not let all that magic go to her head. Though Gwen begins to accept magic more and more through each film. In Halloweentown II: Kalabar's Revenge, Gwen meets a handsome single father named Alex, but doesn't know that he is a golem created to lure her into a trap.

He takes her to a Halloween party, where the warlock Kal turns her and everyone at the party into monsters. By combining their magic, her family manage to reverse the spell. In Halloweentown High, she helps Marnie joggle nine teenage kids of different mythical heritage; when they discover that someone is trying to steal their magic by failing Marnie's project, Gwen teleports herself to Halloweentown to find proof for the Halloweentown Council. In the end, Gwen rescues Cassie from her prison and returns to the mortal world in time to help stop the plot. In Return to Halloweentown, her children flew off for college and witch training, she became a real estate agent and used magic to make the houses look better; when Dylan gets turned into a dog, Marnie calls for her help. She and Dylan combine their magic and "destroy" the Gift together. Marnie Piper is the oldest daughter of Gwen and William Piper, granddaughter of Aggie, older Sister of Dylan and Sophie, she is the main protagonist of the series, a young Witch who has always loved the holiday of Halloween.

Marnie is 13 years old in the first part, about 15 years old in the second part, about 17 years old in the third part, 18 years old in the final movie. She is a pretty and headstrong individual when it comes to magic. Like her grandmother and her sister, she has a sixth sense or precognition power as well as being an expert broomstick flyer, she is the character who uses magic as much as she can but cares about it and tries much to save Halloweentown and her magic. In Halloweentown, the 13-year-old Marnie discovers for the first time about her witch heritage and becomes excited to start her training to be a witch. In Halloweentown II: Kalabar's Revenge, 15-year-old Marnie and her family combine their magic and create a portal that can be opened at any time around the year to stop a warlock from taking over the worlds. In Halloweentown High, Marnie bets on her family magic to persuade the Halloweentown Council to reunite the worlds of Halloweentown and the Mortal World. In Return to Halloweentown, 18-year-old Marnie attends Witch University in Halloweentown and discovers a great secret about her family.

She becomes Queen regnant of Halloweentown for one night, but uses the chance to destroy The Gift with the help of Gwen and her genie friend Aneesa, but o

The Girl in the Road

The Girl in the Road is a 2014 science fiction novel by Monica Byrne. It tracks two stories in parallel: one of a primary protagonist, Meena, as she crosses a floating energy-harvesting bridge that spans the Arabian Sea from India to Djibouti some time in the 2060s, another of the youth and young adulthood of Mariama, who travels several decades earlier from Western Africa to Ethiopia; the Girl in the Road is Byrne's debut novel. The Wall Street Journal described it as "a new sensation, a real achievement", while NPR criticized it, saying "the pulpiest of genre mysteries are shoved into the narrative, only to be neglected or resolved anti-climactically" and that "the result is a ragged patchwork of concepts and intriguing possibilities, many of which wind up as red herrings." It shared the 2014 James Tiptree, Jr. Award with Jo Walton's My Real Children, it was a finalist for the UK's Kitschies Golden Tentacle award for debut speculative fiction novel. In August 2015, a German translation was published under the title Die Brücke

Above and Beyond (miniseries)

Above and Beyond is a four-hour 2006 miniseries aired by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation on October 29 and 30, 2006. It stars Richard E. Grant, Jonathan Scarfe, Liane Balaban, Allan Hawco, Kenneth Welsh and Jason Priestley; the miniseries deals with the Atlantic Ferry Organization, tasked with ferrying aircraft from North America to Europe in the early years of the Second World War. In 1940, Canadian weapons of war, including newly manufactured aircraft ordered by the British, have to be delivered to the United Kingdom. Lord Beaverbrook, head of the UK Ministry of Aircraft Production arranged for the purchase of aircraft from manufacturers in the United States. Aircraft were first transported to Dorval Airport near Montreal and flown to RCAF Station Gander in Newfoundland for the transatlantic flight; the initial ferry flight of seven Lockheed Hudson bombers from Gander Airport in Newfoundland took place on November 10, 1940. In 1941, the Atlantic Ferry Organization was set up, with civilian pilots flying the aircraft to the UK.

The organization was handed over to the Air Ministry. More than 9,000 aircraft were ferried across the north Atlantic and, by the end of the war, the operation helped make transatlantic flying a safe and commonplace event. Richard E. Grant as Don Bennett, former RAF pilot Kenneth Welsh as Lord Beaverbrook, Minister of Aircraft Production Joss Ackland as Winston Churchill, UK Prime Minister Peter Messaline as Archibald Sinclair, Secretary of State for Air Jason Priestley as Sir Frederick Banting Jonathan Scarfe as Bill Jacobson Liane Balaban as Shelagh Emberly Allan Hawco as Nathan Burgess Peter MacNeill as USAAF Gen. Anderson Robert Wisden as Pritchard, RAF officer Aaron Bishop as Pilot #11 Travis Pritchett as Pilot #10 Principal photography for Above and Beyond took place at Gander and St. John's, Canada. Other locations included Toronto and Hamilton, Canada. A period-accurate Lockheed Hudson Mk IIIA bomber belonging to the North Atlantic Aviation Museum in Gander, featured prominently in the filming.

A Beech 18S on display at the museum was used. The Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum at Mount Hope, with an extensive collection of wartime aircraft, was another prominent filming location. All flying scenes were staged with computer-generated imagery. Despite attention to detail, a number of historical inaccuracies in Above and Beyond were noted; the "B-24" used by the USAAF general is an RAF Avro Lancaster bomber. The DC-3 shown in the first hour is equipped with modern turboprop engines. One scene shows a de Havilland Chipmunk trainer in a hangar but there were none in service in 1940. Other discrepancies include the American general wearing five stars indicating the rank of General of the Army, a grade only achieved during the Second World War by Army Air Corps officer Hap Arnold, in 1944. A modern dial tone could be heard during overseas telephone calls between Bennett and Lord Beaverbrook. Air-traffic control equipment under repair contained TO-3 transistors instead of thermionic valves. Above and Beyond was well received.

Reviewer Andrew Melomet noted, "If you're looking for a historical drama covering an overlooked and untold story, you'll enjoy Above and Beyond." Directors Guild of Canada's Craft Awards: Direction - Television Movie/Mini-Series — Sturla Gunnarsson Picture Editing - Television Movie/Mini-Series — Jeff Warren Sound Editing - Television Movie/Mini-Series — David Rose, Kathy Choi, Jane Tattersall Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television's Gemini Awards: Best Performance by an Actor in a Featured Supporting Role in a Dramatic Program or Mini-Series — Jonathan Scarfe Best Original Music Score for a Program or Mini-Series — Jonathan Goldsmith Best Production Design or Art Direction in a Fiction Program or Series — Pam Hall, Ane Christensen Best Sound in a Dramatic Program — Henry Embry, Steph Carrier, Ronayne Higginson, Dino Pigat, David Rose, Jane Tattersall Best Visual Effects — Peter Evans, Darryl Couch, Chris Darlington, Mike Mombourquette, Michael Skiffington, John Vatcher, David Woodrow Best Writing in a Dramatic Program or Mini-Series — John W. Doyle, Lisa Porter Writers Guild of Canada's WGC Awards: MOW & Miniseries — John W. Doyle, Lisa Porter North Atlantic air ferry route in World War II Above and Beyond on IMDb Above and Beyond at Rotten Tomatoes Above and Beyond at AllMovie