Paris is a city in Logan County, United States, serves as the county seat for the northern district of Logan County. The population was 3,532 at the 2010 United States Census. Paris is located in a river valley near the Arkansas River in the Ozark Mountain region of northwest Arkansas, its FIPS is 53480. Its ZIP code is 72855. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles, of which 4.5 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 3,532 people, 1,553 households, 984 families residing in the city; the population density was 818.1 people per square mile. There were 1,713 housing units at an average density of 780 per square mile; the racial makeup of the city was 92.5% White, 2.4% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 1.11% from other races, 1.29% from two or more races. 2.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,553 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.6% were non-families.
33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.91. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,424, the median income for a family was $32,409. Males had a median income of $21,955 versus $17,015 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,738. About 15.0% of families and 18.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.7% of those under age 18 and 18.7% of those age 65 or over. Pioneers settled into the area about 1820; the village Paris was formed on the Old Military Road between Little Rock and Fort Smith, 5 miles south of the Arkansas River.
The Logan County seat, was named after the French capital in 1874. Paris was incorporated on February 18, 1879; the villagers constructed a one-story frame courthouse. The town prison was constructed nearly three blocks from the courthouse, remained the town's prison for many years; the prison now serves as the Logan County Museum. Coal mining flourished. In the 1890s, Paris was a bustling city of 800 people. Citizens boasted of two newspapers, a bottling works company, nine general stores and the Paris Academy. Coal mining declined by the 60's; as a result, community leaders sought to diversify the town's economic base. Today, the economy of Paris is benefitting from the presence of manufacturing facilities producing parts for the automotive industry and the aerospace industry. Farming and ranching remain among the largest industries in the county and tourism got a boost with the construction and opening of a 60-room, world-class lodge and guest cabins on the top of Mount Magazine, 19 miles from Paris.
An estimated 400,000 people a year travel to Mount Magazine State Park. Paris' schools have seen a steady increase in enrollment over the last three years; the High School and Middle School switched campuses two years ago to complete a promise to the patrons, made in 1988. Several interests have been made in the area by bauxite mining companies looking to reduce the costs of aluminum foil production. Paris was the site of the last public hanging in Arkansas before the first electric chair came into use, in Little Rock. In 1914, Paris was thrown into turmoil from the murder of a young girl from Arkansas. A young man named, she disappeared one evening from her home and was found about eight days partly submerged in water in a well on the farm of Ambrose Johnson. She was found with a large stone tied around her neck with telephone wire, a bullet through her head, a wagon load of rocks covering her body, it is believed that the girl was not dead when she was put into the well because her hands were filled with dirt that could only result from a struggle or attempting to free herself.
On July 15, 1914, Arthur Tillman was hanged for the murder of Amanda. Today, the Jail is now a museum dedicated to Logan County history. Where spectators were located is now a road, joining to the main road, HWY 22. You can tour through the entire building, jail keeper's living the jail side. There are many relics of Paris' past, such as farming equipment and everyday objects from the settlers' lives, exhibits of Native American artifacts, Civil War artifacts, coal mining to name a few; the Paris Express was founded in 1880, one year after the community of Paris was established and it is the oldest, continually operating business in Paris. J. T. Perryman was the first publisher and W. H. H. Harley was the first editor. During the next five years of its existence it had several owners. In 1885 the weekly Express was purchased from Charles Noble by William M. Greenwood, former publisher of the Chismville Star and an associate with the Fort Smith Daily Tribune. Greenwood published the Paris Express for 46 years until his death in 1929.
Hugh and J. C. Park of the Van Buren Press-Argus purchased the Express from the Greenwood estate and sold it a few months to Wallace D. Hurley. Hurley published the paper until 19
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Logan County, Arkansas
Logan County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,353. There are two county seats: Paris; the Arkansas General Assembly defined the state's 64th county on March 22, 1871, named it Sarber County for John N. Sarber, the Republican state senator from Yell County who had introduced the resolution; the senator was viewed as a carpetbagger, after the Reconstruction Era state government was replaced the county was renamed for James Logan, an early settler in the area, on December 14, 1875. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 732 square miles, of which 708 square miles is land and 23 square miles is water; the highest natural point in Arkansas, Magazine Mountain at 2,753 feet, is located in Logan County. Highway 10 Highway 22 Highway 23 Highway 60 Highway 309 Johnson County Pope County Yell County Scott County Sebastian County Franklin County As of the 2000 census, there were 22,486 people, 8,693 households, 6,302 families residing in the county.
The population density was 32 people per square mile. There were 9,942 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.46% White, 1.05% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, 1.28% from two or more races. 1.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 8,693 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.50% were non-families. 24.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years.
For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,344, the median income for a family was $33,732. Males had a median income of $24,472 versus $18,681 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,527. About 11.40% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.20% of those under age 18 and 19.60% of those age 65 or over. Booneville Magazine Paris Ratcliff Scranton Blue Mountain Caulksville Morrison Bluff Subiaco New Blaine Carolan Prairie View Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications.
The townships of Logan County are listed below. Katharine Anthony, American biographer James Bridges, born in Paris, Arkansas and film director Dizzy Dean, born in Lucas, major league baseball player Paul Dean, born in Lucas, brother of Dizzy Dean and major league baseball player Jon Eubanks, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from Paris, Arkansas. Renowned Bluesman. List of lakes in Logan County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Logan County, Arkansas
Carolan is an unincorporated community in Logan County, United States. It lies five miles to the southwest of Booneville on State Highway 23. Carolan is named for early farmer and merchant in the area, he was born on April 1800 in South Carolina. He was married on September 12, 1822 in South Carolina to Hannah A., born on April 5, 1807 in South Carolina. Both died on April 16, 1875 and April 9, 1877, respectively, they are buried in the Carolan Community cemetery. An amusing inscription on William Philip Carolan's tombstone describes him as "Baptist and Democrat". One of William Philip Carolan's son, Samuel "Sam" Thompson Carolan, opened the first general store in the community in 1878, three years after his father's death. "Sam" Carolan opened a cotton gin and blacksmith shop. He was the postmaster. Note: William Philip Carolan was born in 1800 in Chester County, South Carolina. In 1918, Samuel "Sam" Thompson Carolan's son, Walter "Emmett" Carolan took over the business with help of his older son, William "Bill" Walter Carolan.
They built the "new" store that included modern conveniences. This building stands today. In 1946, the family business went to Robert "Bob" L. Carolan, William "Bill" Walter Carolan's younger brother; the Carolan General Store sold groceries, clothing and feed supplies, sporting goods and hardware. The store closed in 1975 with the retirement of Robert "Bob" L. Carolan. In its heyday, Carolan had a school, two churches and Methodist. Descendents of William Philip Carolan and Hannah A. Carolan still live in the area
Subiaco is a town in Logan County, United States. The population was 572 at the 2010 census; the town is named after Subiaco in the Lazio region of Italy. Subiaco is home to a Catholic monastery and private school. Subiaco is located at 35°17′38″N 93°38′17″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.9 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 439 people, 147 households, 115 families residing in the town; the population density was 238.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 167 housing units at an average density of 90.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town is 93.62% White, 3.64% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.23% from other races, 1.82% from two or more races. 0.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 147 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.1% were non-families.
17.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.86. In the town, the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 122.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 131.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $38,182, the median income for a family was $40,417. Males had a median income of $25,125 versus $17,969 for females; the per capita income for the town was $14,012. About 6.0% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 36.0% of those age 65 or over. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Subiaco has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps
Booneville is a city in Logan County, United States and the county seat of the southern district. Located in the Arkansas River Valley between the Ouachita and Ozark Mountains, the city is one of the oldest in western Arkansas; the city's economy was first based upon the railroad and Arkansas State Tuberculosis Sanatorium, but has evolved into a diverse economy of small businesses and light industry as the early drivers have disappeared. Booneville's population was 3,990 at the 2010 census. Booneville supports a community center, a senior citizens center, a community hospital, a municipal airport and new school facilities. Hunting, camping and other outdoors activities are available in nearby national forests and state parks; the city was founded in 1828 when Walter Cauthron, an early explorer of the Arkansas Territory, built a log cabin and store along the Petit Jean River. Intending to name the community "Bonneville" for friend Benjamin Bonneville, the name was changed. Another theory is that the name was to honor Daniel Boone, a friend of the Logan family for which the county is named.
The Arkansas State Tuberculosis Sanatorium was established in 1909 about three miles south of Booneville. Once established, the sanatorium was the relocation center for all white Arkansans with tuberculosis. By the time the facility was closed in 1973, it had treated over 70,000 patients; the main hospital, named the Nyberg Building after Leo E. Nyberg, a former sanatorium patient and state legislator who sponsored the bill funding the construction, was completed in 1941; the facility became known worldwide as one of the most successful and modern hospitals for the treatment of tuberculosis of its day. The sanatorium complex was self-sustaining, with dormitories, staff entertainment buildings, a chapel, dairy, water treatment plant, independent telephone system, a fire department. At the height of its use, the complex employed nearly 300 staff members. At one point, the total population of the center was greater than that of Booneville, in the valley below. With the introduction of more effective drug therapy, the patient population began to decline.
The sanatorium was closed in 1973. The campus is used as the Booneville Human Development Center, a state-run residential program for adults with mild and moderate intellectual disability and other developmental disabilities. On March 23, 2008, Easter Sunday, a series of explosions destroyed the Cargill Meat Solutions plant, which employed 800 people, making it by far the town's largest employer. Cargill exploded when 88,000 pounds of anhydrous ammonia and 100,000 pounds of carbon dioxide were ignited by sparks from a welder, causing the evacuation of at least 1,000 of Booneville's 4,000 residents, leaving nearly 800 people without a job; because of this tragic event, the town's population drastically dropped in size and went into what many people began calling the “small-town recession.” On May 2, 2008 Cargill announced. Booneville is located at 35°8′23″N 93°55′17″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.1 square miles, all land. Booneville is near Blue Mountain Lake, a lake popular for fishing and swimming.
Five United States Army Corps of Engineers recreation areas are available for public lake access. At the east end of the lake, the Blue Mountain Wildlife Demonstration Area is a world-class bird dog field area; this area hosts visitors interested in hiking and mountain bike riding. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,117 people, 1,619 households, 1,109 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,010.0 people per square mile. There were 1,863 housing units at an average density of 457.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.62% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 1.12% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, 1.72% from two or more races. 0.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,619 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.01. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,627, the median income for a family was $31,012. Males had a median income of $25,238 versus $20,092 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,076. About 13.1% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 23.9% of those age 65 or over. From its early days, Booneville has supported education. In 1874, as a response to needs for higher learning in western Arkansas, the Fort Smith District of the Methodist Episcopal Church, authorized the establishment of the Fort Smith District High School in Booneville, forty miles to the west.
Local church members donated building materials and labor. The school, located on South College Street, was to be supported by student tuition fees. Students came from towns all over western Arkansas to board with Booneville families and attend a school that offered an advanced