Division of Makin
The Division of Makin is an electoral division for the Australian House of Representatives located in the northeastern suburbs of Adelaide. The 130 km² seat covers an area from Little Para River and Gould Creek in the north-east to Grand Junction Road in the south and Port Wakefield Road in the west, including the suburbs of Banksia Park, Fairview Park, Golden Grove, Gulfview Heights, Ingle Farm, Mawson Lakes, Para Hills, Para Vista, Redwood Park, Salisbury East, Salisbury Heights, St Agnes, Surrey Downs, Tea Tree Gully, Valley View, Walkley Heights, Wynn Vale, Yatala Vale, parts of Gepps Cross and Hope Valley. Established in the South Australian redistribution of 3 September 1984 and named after MP and diplomat Norman Makin, it was a marginal mortgage belt seat with a higher proportion of the population in the area paying off home loans. In the 2006 census, over 42 percent of the seat's electors had a home mortgage. Created ahead of the 1984 election as a notionally safe Labor seat, Labor won marginally.
For the first quarter-century of its existence, the seat was a "bellwether" seat held by the party of government, both typical of mortgage belt seats. During this time, it was marginal, with neither party winning more than 54 percent of the two-party vote. Labor's Tony Zappia won the seat at the 2007 election with a safe 57.7 percent two-party vote against Liberal candidate Bob Day from an 8.6 percent two-party swing as Labor won government, the largest two-party vote and swing of any party in Makin's history at the time. Zappia won enough primary votes to take the seat on the first count, the first time a candidate won a majority of the primary vote in Makin. At the 2010 election, Zappia technically made it a safe Labor seat with a 62.2 percent two-party vote, again the strongest result for any party in Makin's history. Though Mawson Lakes was added to Makin in a redistribution, Zappia held the seat at the 2013 election with a reduced marginal 55.1 percent two-party vote as Labor lost government, becoming the first opposition member in Makin's history.
He consolidated his hold on the seat at the 2016 election with a 59.5 percent two-party vote. ABC psephologist Antony Green listed Makin as one of eleven which he classed as "bellwether" electorates in his 2016 election guide. Notably, Makin was the only bellwether located outside of Queensland. Australian federal election, 2016 Results of the Australian federal election, 2016 ABC profile for Makin: 2016 Poll Bludger profile for Makin: 2016 AEC profile for Makin: 2016 SA boundary map, 2001: AEC SA boundary map, 1984: Atlas SA
Paralowie, South Australia
Paralowie is a suburb in the north of Adelaide, South Australia. It is predominantly a residential suburb. Settlement of the area dates from the late 19th century, with land used predominantly for market gardens and farms. Significant development did not occur until the post World War II years. Rapid growth occurred from the 1980s through to the mid-1990s; the population increased marginally between 2001 and 2006, a result of new dwellings being added to the area. Located on Bolivar Road, the now closed cemetery is the only reminder of the Burton Methodist Church, built in 1915, closed in 1950 and demolished, now marked with a memorial stone. An earlier church built in June 1858 existed here and was used as a school until the 1950s; the first burial was that of George Diment, aged 10½ years in December 1866. Attempts have been made to restore the vandalised headstones in the cemetery because it is a site of historical significance; the former farmhouse located at 8 Settler's Court, Paralowie is listed as a State Heritage Place on the South Australian Heritage Register, because the Burdett family who lived on the property, who both developed a cattle stud and influenced local affairs.
Known as Judd's Homestead. It is reported as being "an important example of the larger pastoral properties that characterised the region prior to the urban development after World War Two." The villa located at 94 Waterloo Corner Road, built in 1894, is listed both as a State Heritage Place on the South Australian Heritage Register and on the former Register of the National Estate. It is representative of the time which Salisbury North had not yet been incorporated into the Adelaide metropolitan area, but instead was home to a number of larger estates in what was still a semi-rural environment, it is still in excellent condition. The house was used for bonfires and gatherings during the Boer war; the premises is now used for a Commonwealth funded youth homelessness early intervention program run by the UnitingCare Wesley church. "Introduction - Paralowie - City of Salisbury Community Profile". Retrieved 2008-10-13. "Little Para Trails". City of Salisbury. Retrieved 2008-10-19. Lewis, H. J.. Salisbury South Australia: A History of town and district.
Investigator Press. ISBN 0-85864-049-X. "South Australian Heritage Register". 14 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-18. Secomb, Kevin. "Almost a Pilgrimage". Retrieved 2008-10-17. "Reconnect - Youth Homelessness Early Intervention Program". UnitingCare Wesley. 9 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-18
Parafield Gardens, South Australia
Parafield Gardens is a suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. The suburb is residential, with a pocket of industrial land in the southwest corner. There are two small shopping centres in the area, one on Salisbury Highway, another on Sheperdson Road. Aboriginal people occupied the land around Parafield Gardens prior to European settlement. An Aboriginal heritage site within the Greenfield Industrial Estate indicates that Aboriginal settlement may have existed in the area for thousands of years. In 1881 the government proposed the creation of a general cemetery on the land now occupied by the Pine Lakes Estate; the plan was abandoned, in 1906 the land became used as an experimental agricultural farm, followed by a poultry farm in 1911. At this stage, the area between Salisbury Highway and Martins Road was known as Parafield Farm, although this name transformed over the years to become Parafield Gardens. In 1958, Matters & Co. offered residential land in the area bounded by Salisbury Highway, Shepherdson Road, Sutherland Avenue, Catalina Avenue.
In the 1970s the South Australian Housing Trust began building properties in the area. Parafield Gardens Post Office opened on 25 September 1961. Parafield Gardens has five schools in its area. Karrendi Primary School, founded in 1969, is a public primary school on Bradman Road. Parafield Gardens High School, opened in 1976, is a public secondary school situated next to Parafield Gardens R-7 School, a public primary school like Karrendi except larger. Parafield Gardens Primary, Parafield Gardens High and the private primary school, Holy Family Catholic School are all on Sheperdson Road. A fourth primary school, The Pines School, is located on Andrew Smith Drive
Para Vista, South Australia
Para Vista is a suburb in northern Adelaide, South Australia. It is bounded by Wright Road to the South; the northern boundary of the suburb is Montague and Milne Roads, making an backwards-L shape of the suburb. The western end is Redhill Road. Para Vista Post Office opened on 13 January 1964 but was renamed Valley View in October of that year
Census in Australia
The census in Australia, or the Census of Population and Housing, collects key characteristic data on every person in Australia, the place they are staying in, on a particular night. The census is the largest statistical collection compiled by the Australian Bureau of Statistics and is held every five years. Participation in the census is compulsory; the Australian Bureau of Statistics is legislated to collect and disseminate census data under the Australian Bureau of Statistics Act 1975, the Census and Statistics Act 1905. The first Australian census was held in 1911, on the night of 2 April and subsequent censuses were held in 1921, 1933, 1947, 1954 and 1961. In 1961 the five-year period was introduced. Censuses are held on the second Tuesday of August; the most recent was held on 9 August 2016 at a cost of $440 million. The census counts all people who are located within Australia and its external and internal territories, with the exception of foreign diplomats and their families, on census night.
For the first time, in 2016 Norfolk Island was included in the Australian census rather than being conducted by the Norfolk Island Government. The census examines data such as age, incomes, dwelling types and occupancy, transportation modes, languages spoken, religion; the census is collected and published against geographic areas defined by the Australian Standard Geographical Classification. The ASGC provides a set of geographic classifications for the dissemination of all ABS statistics. In 2007 the ABS published; the primary aim of mesh blocks is to provide a building block for constructing alternative and more relevant geographies. Only data on total persons and total dwellings is released at the mesh block level. Mesh blocks will form the basis of a new statistical geography, the Australian Statistical Geography Standard; the traditional concept of a Collection District is that it was the area that one census collector can cover in about a ten-day period. In the 2001 census, collectors may be allocated more than one urban collection district because of their size.
In urban areas collection districts average about 220 dwellings. In rural areas the number of dwellings per collection district reduces as population densities decrease. For the 2016 census there were 358,122'mesh blocks' and 57,523 spatial Statistical Area Level 1 regions defined throughout Australia; the Census and Statistics Act 1905 and Privacy Act 1988 guarantee that no personally-identifiable information is released from the ABS to other government organisations, or the public. However the ABS makes confidential census data available to researchers, who must make various legal commitments before being given access. In the 1970s there was public debate about the census. In 1979 the Law Reform Commission reported on the Census. One of the key elements under question was the inclusion of names, it was found. On 18 December 2015, the ABS announced that it will retain name and address data collected in the 2016 census for up to four years; this was an increase from 18 months in the 2011 censuses.
From 1971 to 1996 the ABS had a policy of destruction of the original census forms and their electronic representations, as well as field records. Prior to that it appears there was no explicit policy of destruction, but most material had been destroyed because of lack of storage facilities; however the 2001 census offered, for the first time, an option to have personal data archived by the National Archives of Australia and released to the public 99 years and in 2001 54% of Australians agreed to do so. Indigenous Australians in contact with the colonists were enumerated at many of the colonial censuses; when the Federation of Australia occurred in 1901, the new Constitution contained a provision, which said: "In reckoning the numbers of the people of the Commonwealth, or of a State or other part of the Commonwealth, aboriginal natives shall not be counted." In 1967, a referendum was held which approved two amendments to the Australian constitution relating to indigenous Australians. The second of the two amendments deleted Section 127 from the Constitution.
It was believed at the time of the referendum, is still said, that Section 127 meant that aboriginal people were not counted in Commonwealth censuses before 1967. In fact section 127 related to calculating the population of the states and territories for the purpose of allocating seats in Parliament and per capita Commonwealth grants, its purpose was to prevent Queensland and Western Australia using their large aboriginal populations to gain extra seats or extra funds. Thus the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics interpreted Section 127 as meaning that they may enumerate "aboriginal natives" but that they must be excluded from published tabulations of population. Aboriginal people living in settled areas were counted to a greater or lesser extent in all censuses before 1967; the first Commonwealth Statistician, George Handley Knibbs, obtained a legal opinion that "persons of the half blood" or less are not "aboriginal natives" for the purposes of the Constitution. At the first Australian census in 1911 only those "aboriginal natives" living near white settlements were enumerated, the main population tables included only those of half or less aboriginal descent.
Details of "half-caste" (but not "ful
Salisbury, South Australia
Salisbury is a northern suburb in Adelaide, South Australia. It is the seat of the City of Salisbury, in the South Australian Legislative Assembly electoral district of Ramsay and the Australian House of Representatives divisions of Wakefield and Port Adelaide; the suburb is a service area for the City of Salisbury district, with an abundance of parklands, shops and restaurants. Parabanks Shopping Centre is located in Salisbury, which includes Woolworths and Big W as its signature retailers.. Salisbury was founded when John Harvey began selling town allotments in 1848, from land he had purchased along the Little Para River in the previous year; the town was named after Salisbury in the United Kingdom, close to his wife's hometown. There is a Wiltshire Street near Park Terrace in parallel to John Street. Salisbury started its life as a service centre for hay farms. Salisbury Post Office opened around March 1850. Salisbury railway station was built in 1857, is where the standard gauge line to Crystal Brook diverges from the broad gauge line to Gawler.
Until the 1980s, this line was broad gauge.. In 1985 Salisbury station was rebuilt as a major STA bus/rail interchange; this was the second purpose-built transport interchange in the Adelaide metropolitan area. Salisbury grew until 1940 when the establishment of an explosives and filling factory doubled the population overnight; the factory, which covered around 11.6 km², was in production by mid 1942 and by January 1943 employed 6,500 persons producing 135,000 shells and mines weekly. Two South Australian Australian Labor Party leaders, Lynn Arnold and Mike Rann both represented the Salisbury area in the South Australian Parliament. Arnold was elected as the MP for Ramsay, Taylor, Rann was elected as the MP for Briggs and Ramsay. Trains to and from Adelaide and Gawler from Salisbury operate every 15 minutes at off-peak times on Monday to Friday, every 30 minutes during the day on Saturday and Sunday. In the evening, services run every hour. In morning peak hours, there are several trains that run non-stop between Adelaide.
These are used by a significant number of city workers who either park their vehicle or transfer from buses at Salisbury Interchange. Local buses from Salisbury Interchange, scheduled to connect with trains to and from Adelaide, use the Adelaide Metro integrated ticketing system. In May 2012 there are 13 local bus routes providing links to many of the northern suburbs, such as routes 400 and 430 to Elizabeth, route 415V to Golden Grove, routes 224, 225, 411 to Mawson Lakes, routes 225, 500, 502, 560 to Para Hills, routes 401, 411 to Paralowie and routes 404, 405 to Parafield Gardens; the major retail zone in Salisbury is the Parabanks Shopping Centre, a short distance from Salisbury Interchange, was first opened around 1977. The single-floor complex includes 74 stores and 3 anchor stores, with a total floor area of 23,800 m2, around 1,400 parking spaces. In April 2008, property group Stockland sold the shopping centre to the Angaet Group. In 2015, an $18 million redevelopment of the centre was approved by the Salisbury Council's Development Assessment Panel.
The redevelopment consisted of three stages, with five specialty stores added to the eastern side mall, the relocation of the Coles supermarket into the site of the former Harris Scarfe store, external upgrades which were completed in October 2017. List of Adelaide suburbs
Dry Creek, South Australia
Dry Creek is a industrial suburb north of Adelaide, containing significant wetlands and a substantial area devoted to salt crystallisation pans, managed by Ridley Corporation, which plans to redevelop the site for housing. It is named for the Dry Creek, a stream and drain which flows through the suburb and into Swan Alley, a tidal distributory of Barker Inlet, Gulf St Vincent, it was the site of the soapworks of W. H. Burford & Sons from 1923 and a pioneering "garden suburb" for its employees, designed by W. J. Earle; the name Burford Gardens has vanished, but its streets remain: Flame Avenue, Gum Avenue, Wattle Avenue, Grevillea Avenue and Bushwood Avenue. The buildings of the former Dry Creek explosives depot, now State heritage-listed, are on Magazine Road between the Salisbury Highway South Road Connector and the salt pans; the Dry Creek wetlands are composed of many separate sections running from the eastern edge of the suburb to the sea outlet of Dry Creek. They form part of the storm water management system for the City of Salisbury and the City of Port Adelaide Enfield and are connected to numerous drains that run across the Adelaide Plains including the eponymous Dry Creek, as well as being the outflow point for storm water pipes.
Some of the wetlands have only limited public access. The wetlands form a fauna and flora haven with one of the southern most mangrove habitats in the world, extensive reed and samphire beds and a large bird and fish population, they discharge via North Arm creek into the Barker Inlet of Gulf St Vincent. The wetlands are part of the Gulf St Vincent Important Bird Area. Dry Creek railway station is located on the Gawler railway line; the Northfield railway line, which branched eastwards from Dry Creek station, was closed in 1987. The Port River Expressway is traverses Dry Creek east—west and the Northern Connector portion of the North–South Motorway is being constructed provide a new north—south route through the suburb. Dry Creek Northern Connector City of Salisbury City of Port Adelaide Enfield