Los Barrios is a small town and municipality in the south of Spain. It is part of the province of Cádiz, which in turn is part of the Andalusia region and it belongs to the Campo de Gibraltar comarca. The towns name means the districts in English, although the area is known to have been inhabited since prehistoric times, the town is of relatively recent provenance, having been founded in 1704 by refugees from Gibraltar. The temporary encampment eventually became a permanent settlement, in 1717 the settlers were ordered to concentrate themselves at Los Barrios and the neighbouring communities of Algeciras and San Roque. The three communities had a single administration at San Roque until undergoing a three-way split in 1756, Los Barrios was principally an agricultural and fishing district until the Francisco Franco era, it is now heavily industrialised. The A381 road starts here and it is known as the Bull Route as it travels past many bull farms and Los Cortijillos are settlements and districts of Los Barrios.
200 people are employed at the Los Barrios Power Plant
By population, Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spains capital and largest city is Madrid, other urban areas include Barcelona, Seville, Bilbao. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago, in the Middle Ages, the area was conquered by Germanic tribes and by the Moors. Spain is a democracy organised in the form of a government under a constitutional monarchy. It is a power and a major developed country with the worlds fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP. Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the span is the Phoenician word spy. Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean the land where metals are forged, two 15th-century Spanish Jewish scholars, Don Isaac Abravanel and Solomon ibn Verga, gave an explanation now considered folkloric. Both men wrote in two different published works that the first Jews to reach Spain were brought by ship by Phiros who was confederate with the king of Babylon when he laid siege to Jerusalem.
This man was a Grecian by birth, but who had given a kingdom in Spain. He became related by marriage to Espan, the nephew of king Heracles, Heracles renounced his throne in preference for his native Greece, leaving his kingdom to his nephew, from whom the country of España took its name. Based upon their testimonies, this eponym would have already been in use in Spain by c.350 BCE, Iberia enters written records as a land populated largely by the Iberians and Celts. Early on its coastal areas were settled by Phoenicians who founded Western Europe´s most ancient cities Cadiz, Phoenician influence expanded as much of the Peninsula was eventually incorporated into the Carthaginian Empire, becoming a major theater of the Punic Wars against the expanding Roman Empire. After an arduous conquest, the peninsula came fully under Roman Rule, during the early Middle Ages it came under Germanic rule but later, much of it was conquered by Moorish invaders from North Africa. In a process took centuries, the small Christian kingdoms in the north gradually regained control of the peninsula.
The last Moorish kingdom fell in the same year Columbus reached the Americas, a global empire began which saw Spain become the strongest kingdom in Europe, the leading world power for a century and a half, and the largest overseas empire for three centuries. Continued wars and other problems led to a diminished status. The Napoleonic invasions of Spain led to chaos, triggering independence movements that tore apart most of the empire, eventually democracy was peacefully restored in the form of a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Spain joined the European Union, experiencing a renaissance and steady economic growth
Los Alcornocales Natural Park
Los Alcornocales Natural Park is a natural park located in the south of Spain, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, it is shared between the provinces of Cádiz and Málaga. The natural park occupies a territory spanning seventeen municipalities with a population of about 380,000. Los Alcornocales means the cork oak groves, nearly all of the uninhabited land in the park is covered by Mediterranean native forest. Above all, the forests are exploited for the production of cork. Properly done, harvesting cork from a tree can be undertaken every ten to twelve years without damaging the tree. Given the geographic position of Los Alcornocales, the dominant climate in the zone is, logically and its close proximity to the sea helps keep the temperature relatively mild all year long. The average rainfall usually reaches over 800 L/m², with certain zones receiving more than 1,400 L/m² thanks to the ocean front, in the mountain ranges to the south, there are great fogs known as the barbas del Levante.
These fogs provide the humidity to form precipitation during the dry seasons that usually characterize Mediterranean climates. The strong East wind is known as El Levante, and is associated with high temperatures, the wind from the West, which frequently brings rain, is known as El Poniente. These winds make this one of the best places to construct wind farms in all of Spain. The park is characterized by the most extensive forest of cork in Spain and this assures a natural regeneration of the forest, a good mix of ages, and a high level of floral and animal biodiversity. They sit astride two important axes, one an east-west axis, the other north-south and its geographic position is the circumstance, as much as its climate, topography, or suitability for agriculture, that has dictated its patrimony. The area has been populated for tens of thousands of years, of the greatest interest to visitors, are the Bronze Age cave dwellings that dot the area. Later in history, a succession of civilizations and cultures, one superimposed on the next, has dominated this area, each has left its marks on the landscape, there are megalíthic monuments, Iberian and Roman ruins, Arab strongholds, etc.
Many of the towns that comprise the park reached their highest state of civilization during the Muslim Nasrid dynasty. Today, in area, many examples of the architecture introduced during the period of Muslim occupation survive. Jimena de la Frontera, Castellar de la Frontera, and Medina Sidonia are magnificent examples, in 1913, Juan Cabré and Eduardo Hernández-Pacheco began the first systematic studies of art sureño at this cave. The paintings are representations of birds and odd four-footed man-like figures dating from neolithic times
In archaeology, rock art is human-made markings placed on natural stone, it is largely synonymous with parietal art. A global phenomenon, rock art is found in many diverse regions of the world. It has been produced in many contexts throughout history, although the majority of rock art that has been ethnographically recorded has been produced as a part of ritual. Such artworks are often divided into three forms, which are carved into the surface, which are painted onto the surface. The oldest known rock art dates from the Upper Palaeolithic period, having found in Europe, Asia. Archaeologists studying these artworks believe that they likely had magico-religious significance, Rock art continues to be of importance to indigenous peoples in various parts of the world, who view them as both sacred items and significant components of their cultural patrimony. Such archaeological sites are significant sources of cultural tourism, and have been utilised in popular culture for their aesthetic qualities.
Normally found in cultures, a rock relief or rock-cut relief is a relief sculpture carved on solid or living rock such as a cliff. They are a category of art, and sometimes found in conjunction with rock-cut architecture. However, they tend to be omitted in most works on rock art, a few such works exploit the natural contours of the rock and use them to define an image, but they do not amount to man-made reliefs. Rock reliefs have been made in many cultures, and were important in the art of the Ancient Near East. Rock reliefs are generally large, as they need to be to make an impact in the open air. Most have figures that are over life-size, and in many the figures are multiples of life-size, the vertical relief is most common, but reliefs on essentially horizontal surfaces are found. The term typically excludes relief carvings inside caves, whether natural or themselves man-made, natural rock formations made into statues or other sculpture in the round, most famously at the Great Sphinx of Giza, are usually excluded.
Reliefs on large boulders left in their location, like the Hittite İmamkullu relief, are likely to be included. The term rock art appears in the literature as early as the 1940s. It has described as rock carvings, rock drawings, rock engravings, rock inscriptions, rock paintings, rock pictures. The defining characteristic of rock art is that it is placed on natural rock surfaces, as such, rock art is a form of landscape art, and includes designs that have been placed on boulder and cliff faces, cave walls and ceilings, and on the ground surface