Cave of Hercules

The Cave of Hercules is a subterranean vaulted space dating back to Roman times located in the alley of San Ginés in the city of Toledo, Spain. The cave is under a building located where the Church of San Ginés, Toledo stood until 1841; the structure was constructed in the time of the Roman Empire towards the second half of the 1st century. It appears to have been a water reservoir supplied via the aqueduct bridge which brought water across the River Tagus, it was built in two construction phases. It was covered with a barrel vault, realized in ashlar, displayed the aspect of a great tank to the open sky, with an overflow at the edge; the first half of the wall, made in Roman concrete and covered with opus signinum, is preserved, overlooks San Ginés alley. The structure was altered with the construction of an arcade of three arches of ashlars in the southwest side; this divides the primitive one in two and separates it from the other half of the deposit, belonging to No. 2 of San Ginés street.

It is unknown whether this change occurred in the second phase of construction. The second half of the northeast wall that faces the street was constructed in the second Roman phase. A facade was built in opus quadratum of seven rows of ashlars of varying size, attached to the northeast lateral wall of the hydraulic structure of the first phase; the size was increased from the northwest to the southeast by creating a new line of orientation to the wall, the one that generates the trapezoidal plant that will have the nave. In this space, different rupture interfaces are observed along the entire surface. In the Visigothic era, it is probable. In the Al-Andalus period, constructions were developed a mosque, in whose walls were embedded Visigothic reliefs; this mosque followed a structure similar to others of the city, being a small oratory with square plant, four interior columns and nine vaults or domes. The first references to this property as the church of San Ginés come from 1148. At the end of this Late medieval epoch, or the beginning of the Early modern age, a series of changes were made, such as the creation of five individual chapels.

The building deteriorated during a prolonged period of the Early modern era. Abandoned and closed to the public during the 18th century, the church was demolished in 1841; the wall of the entrance, where several Visigothic reliefs are embedded, was preserved, as were the remains of the sacristy. The lot, including the vaults beneath, was put up for sale and was parceled out among several neighbors. Caves of Hercules This article was translated from the homonymous article in the Spanish Wikipedia

Thirumathi Palanisamy

Thirumathi Palanisamy is a 1992 Tamil comedy-drama film directed by R. Sundarrajan; the film features Sukanya in lead roles. The film, produced by Ramanathan, had musical score by Ilaiyaraaja and was released on 25 October 1992. Palanisamy is an uneducated man. Palanisamy falls in love with Hamsaveni at first sight, he decides to go to her village Irugur. First reluctant, she agrees to marry him, but only under three conditions: to continue to work as a teacher, to live in her hometown and with her father. After the marriage, Palanisamy imposes her three conditions: she must leave her hometown, be a teacher in the city that he has chosen and leave her father, she accepts them and Palanisamy explains the reason for these conditions. In the past, Palanisamy lived in a village where a don Aandhavar forced the children to work in his fireworks factory. Palanisamy's father was a doctor and tried to save the children, knowing it, Aandhavar killed him. Aandhavar killed his sister for the only reason that she was educated.

Palanisamy asked many teachers to come to his village but everyone refused for fear of Aandhavar. Palanisamy's only hope is now Hamsaveni. What transpires next forms the rest of the story; the soundtrack was composed with lyrics written by Vaali and Gangai Amaran. Malini Mannath of The Indian Express gave the film a mixed review citing that "the first half was enjoyable and humorous" and she criticized the latter part


Goshiki-numa, is a cluster of five volcanic lakes situated at the foot of Mount Bandai in the center of the lake district of Bandai-kōgen, Fukushima, Japan. Goshiki-numa formed when Mount Bandai erupted on July 15, 1888, destroying dozens of villages and killing 500 people while creating hundreds of lakes and tarns; the eruption rearranged the landscape, creating the Bandai-kōgen plateau and damming local rivers. The eruption imparted mineral deposits to the Five Colored Lakes giving each of them their own delicate color, ranging from reddish green to cobalt blue; the colors of each lake mysteriously fluctuate throughout the year with the weather. Since the eruption, Goshiki-numa has become a popular tourist destination. An four-kilometer walking path from Lake Bishamon, the largest of the five lakes, to Lake Hibara affords people a view of all five lakes. Rowthorn, Japan, Lonely Planet, ISBN 1-74059-924-1 Takeda, Toru. Fukushima - International Exchange Guide Book, Fukushima City: Fukushima Mimpo Press Japan National Tourist Organization information