Bill Gunn Dam
The Bill Gunn Dam is an earth-fill embankment dam with an un-gated spillway located off-stream in the South East region of Queensland, Australia. The main purpose of the dam is for irrigation of the Lockyer Valley; the resultant reservoir is called Lake Dyer. Located 1.5 kilometres west of the town of Laidley, the dam was developed to increase the capacity of the existing Lake Dyer, a natural lake adjacent to Laidley Creek, a tributary of Lockyer Creek. The dam is managed by SEQ Water; the 1,170 m long earthfill structure has a maximum height of 12 m and an overflow spillway which diverts excess water into Laidley Creek. The dam has a maximum surface area of 108 hectares. Water from the dam is used in the densely cropped Lockyer Valley. Bill Gunn Dam suffers from high drawdowns and summer evaporation which together with phosphate fertilizer creates significant blue green algae problems. In November 2005, during drought conditions in the area, the dam's water level declined to just 1%. A boating permit is not required, however a maximum of eight boats are allowed on the lake at once.
A single concrete boat ramp and some facilities for visitors, including campers, are available at a lakeside caravan park, managed by the local council. The dam is stocked with silver perch and golden perch, while bony bream, spangled perch and eel-tailed catfish breed naturally. A Stocked Impoundment Permit is required to fish in the dam; the poor water quality means that fish caught in the dam may, at times of an algae outbreak, be a health hazard if eaten. List of dams in Queensland Sweetwater Fishing, Lake Dyer/Bill Gunn Dam
The Enoggera Dam is a heritage-listed dam, located within the outer, western suburb of Enoggera Reservoir, in Brisbane, Australia. The Enoggera Dam was constructed on the upper reach of Breakfast Creek, it was the second major dam built in Australia. It is rare as one of the few remaining examples in Queensland of an intact and functioning reservoir and treatment plant from this period in time; the clay-cored earth-fill dam was built by Joseph Brady. Water supply problems plagued Brisbane's early years. Soon after the Brisbane Municipal Council was established in 1860, a Water Supply Committee was formed; the earliest reservoir in Brisbane, located on the present Law Courts precinct at the intersection of George and Turbot Streets, suffered from accumulation of dead animals and vegetable matter. Breakfast Creek was rejected by the Water Supply Committee. Thomas Oldham, an engineer who had worked on water supply to Melbourne, was employed to conduct a survey and solve Brisbane's problems. One of Oldham's site recommendations on the Brisbane River near Dutton Park was dismissed because of its prohibitive costs.
The other site Oldham suggested was selected. The Surveyor-General, Augustus Gregory suggested a site on Ithaca Creek; this location was abandoned. Enoggera Creek had a large catchment that rose higher in the D'Aguilar Range and had more smaller creeks flowing into it; the location was steep and timbered. It took ten different contractors to just clear the site; the Queensland Government didn't have confidence in the Council to supervise the dam's construction. After requesting revised plans and detailed cost estimates the Board of Waterworks was established to oversee the project. Approval for the dam's construction was given in May 1864. Work began in August 1864, with water flowing by July 1866. A single wrought iron mains pipe, varying from 20 inches to 16 inches in diameter, arrived at Roma Street, with branch pipes from there to various parts of the town. By 1869 the pipelines were extended to a total of eighteen kilometers, benefiting between five and six thousand people. Three outlet pipes were incorporated into the design instead of two.
This allowed the potential supply to increase. The original cost was ₤50,000, raised to ₤65,000. By the end of 1870 more than ₤71,000 had been spent and water supply for the growing city of Brisbane was not being met by strong demand. To solve the problem another dam, Gold Creek Dam was approved in 1881. A commemorative drinking fountain in the City Botanic Gardens is dedicated to the arrival of clean drinking mains water to Brisbane. Dry periods pronounced water quality problems in both Enoggera Dam and Gold Creek Dam built after the Enoggera reservoir was completed; the Mount Crosby Weir and pumping station alleviated some concerns but flooding of the Brisbane River was problematic. It was not until 1912. A spillway was added in 1976. Seven metres was added to the height of the dam wall for flood mitigation in the same year, it was decommissioned in 2003 in early 2006 water from Enoggera Dam was again added to inner north-west Brisbane's drinking water supply, when drought had reduced South East Queensland's water supply to critical levels.
The dam was managed by the Brisbane City Council until July 2008, until it was transferred to Seqwater in a region-wide redistribution of water assets. There are walking tracks in the area, no permit is required. In March 2014, Seqwater released a recreation guide that allowed for water activities including swimming, canoeing and fishing. Public access to the dam is via Walkabout Creek Wildlife Centre; the dam was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register in 2007. List of dams and reservoirs in Australia Media related to Enoggera Reservoir at Wikimedia Commons
Government of Queensland
The Government of Queensland referred to as the Queensland Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Queensland. The Government of Queensland, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1859 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Queensland has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Queensland ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth. Key state government offices are located at 1 William Street in the Brisbane central business district; the Government of Queensland operates under the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom. The Governor of Queensland, as the representative of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, holds nominal power, although in practice only performs ceremonial duties.
The Parliament of Queensland holds legislative power, while executive power lies with the Premier and Cabinet, judicial power is exercised by a system of courts and tribunals. The Parliament of Queensland is the state's legislature, it consists of Her Majesty The Queen, a single chamber. Queensland is the only Australian state with a unicameral parliament after a second chamber, the Legislative Council, was abolished in 1922; the Legislative Assembly has 93 members. Elections for the Legislative Assembly are held every four years; the Cabinet of Queensland is the government's chief policy-making organ, consists of the Premier and all ministers. The Queensland Government delivers services, determines policy and regulations, including legal interpretation, by a number of agencies grouped under areas of portfolio responsibility; each portfolio is led by a government minister, a member of the Parliament. As of April 2016 there were nineteen lead agencies, called government departments, that consist of: Department of the Premier and Cabinet Department of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Department of Communities, Child Safety and Disability Services Department of Education and Training Department of Energy and Water Supply Department of Environment and Heritage Protection Queensland Health Department of Housing and Public Works Department of Infrastructure, Local Government and Planning Department of Justice and Attorney-General Department of National Parks and Racing Department of Natural Resources and Mines Queensland Police Service and Queensland Fire and Emergency Services Department of Science, Information Technology and Innovation Department of State Development Department of Transport and Main Roads Queensland Treasury Department of Tourism, Major Events, Small Business and the Commonwealth GamesA range of other agencies support the functions of these departments.
The judiciary of Queensland consists of the Magistrates Court, the District Court, the Supreme Court, as well as a number of smaller courts and tribunals. The Chief Justice of Queensland is the state's most senior judicial officer; the Magistrates Court is the lowest tier of the judicial hierarchy of Queensland. The court's criminal jurisdiction covers summary offences, indictable offences which may be heard summarily, but all criminal proceedings in Queensland begin in the Magistrates Court if they are not within this jurisdiction. For charges beyond its jurisdiction, the court conducts committal hearings in which the presiding magistrate decides, based on the strength of the evidence, whether to refer the matter to a higher court or dismiss it; the court's civil jurisdiction covers matters in which the amount in dispute is less than or equal to $150,000. Appeals against decisions by the Magistrates Court are heard by the District Court; the District Court is the middle tier of the judicial hierarchy of Queensland.
The court has jurisdiction to hear all appeals from decisions made in the Magistrates Court. Its criminal jurisdiction covers serious indictable offences; the court's civil jurisdiction covers matters in which the amount in dispute is more than $150,000 but less than or equal to $750,000. Appeals against decisions by the District Court are heard by the Court of Appeal, a division of the Supreme Court; the Supreme Court is the highest tier of the judicial hierarchy Queensland. The court has two divisions; the Trial Division's jurisdiction covers serious criminal offences, civil matters involving claims of more than $750,000. The Court of Appeal's jurisdiction allows it to hear cases on appeal from the Trial Division, the District Court, a number of other judicial tribunals in Queensland. Appeals against decisions by the Court of Appeal are heard by the High Court of Australia. There are several factors; the legislature has no upper house. For a large portion of its history, the state was under a gerrymander that favoured rural electorates.
This, combined with the decentralised nature of Queensland, meant that politics has been dominated by regional interests. Queensland, along with New South Wales operated a balloting system known as Optional Preferential Voting for state elections; this is different from the predominant Australian electoral system, the instant-runoff voting system, in practice is closer to a first past the post ballot, which some say is to the
The Atkinson Dam is an earth-fill embankment dam across the Buaraba Creek and a forming lagoon, located near Lowood in the South East region of Queensland, Australia. The main purpose of the dam is for irrigation of farming land in the lower Lockyer Valley; the resultant reservoir is called Lake Atkinson. Located in the locality of Atkinsons Dam, 22 kilometres northeast of Gatton in the Somerset Region local government area of West Moreton region, the dam wall was constructed in 1970 over the natural Atkinson Lagoon; the dam wall is 9 metres high and 2,088 metres long and holds back 30,500 megalitres of water when at full capacity. The surface area of the reservoir is 556 hectares and the catchment area is 4,105 square kilometres; the uncontrolled spillway has a discharge capacity of 439 cubic metres per second. The dam is connected to Seven Mile Lagoon via a 1.2-kilometre channel. Facilities at the dam include picnic tables and two caravan parks. A maximum of 15 boats are permitted on the lake at any one time.
In mid-2006 the dam was empty due to drought conditions in Australia. Fish stocking of silver perch, southern saratoga and golden perch has resulted in an excellent fishery, although the dry periods, high evaporation rates and drawdowns for irrigation in summer, result in low water levels as well as oxygen depleted water which makes fishing much more difficult. Other fish that are present includes spangled perch. List of dams in Queensland Media related to Atkinson Dam at Wikimedia Commons Atkinson's Dam Fishing Information, pictures & Water Level Gauge
The Coolmunda Dam is an earth–fill embankment dam with a gated spillway across the Macintrye Brook, a tributary of the Dumaresq River, located in the Darling Downs region of Queensland, Australia. The main purposes of the dam are for potable water supply; the impounded reservoir is called the Lake Coolmunda. The dam is located 13 km east of Inglewood, just off the Cunningham Highway. Two smaller creeks, Bracker Creek and Sandy Creek provide inflows to the reservoir. Completed in 1968 the earth -- fill dam structure is 2,826 metres long; the 690-thousand-cubic-metre dam wall holds back the 69,000-megalitre reservoir when at full capacity. From a catchment area of 1,760 square kilometres, the dam creates Lake Coolmunda at an elevation of 314.7 metres above sea level, with a surface area of 1,645 hectares at a maximum depth of 16.1 metres when at full capacity. The controlled spillway with radial gates has a discharge capacity of 6,860 cubic metres per second; the dam is managed by SunWater. There is three picnic areas with good facilities as well as a caravan park.
Free bush camping by the lake was once permitted. In 2013, a new camping area was opened to the public. There are no boating restrictions in place. Parts of the lake contain stretches of standing timber and along the northern bank there are submerged fence posts the demark a former creek bed. Eel-tailed catfish and spangled perch are found in the lake's waters and the Lake Coolmunda Restocking Group Inc. stocks it with murray cod, silver perch and golden perch. The introduced species european carp has been found in the lake. A stocked impoundment permit is required to fish in the dam. List of dams in Queensland "Coolmunda Dam". Picture Australia. National Library of Australia
Baroon Pocket Dam
The Baroon Pocket Dam is a rock and earth-fill embankment dam with an un-gated spillway across the Obi Obi Creek, in North Maleny, Sunshine Coast Region, in South East Queensland, Australia. The main purpose of the dam is for potable water supply; the resultant reservoir is called Lake Baroon. Just below the dam is Obi Obi Gorge, one of the few remaining places left where the Mary River cod maintains a wild population. After its initial filling, the dam reached its lowest level between December 2002 and February 2003 at 50% capacity. Located 7 kilometres north of Maleny in the Sunshine Coast region, the dam wall was completed in 1989 over the Obi Obi Creek, Small Creek and several unnamed watercourses; the dam wall is 58 metres high and 370 metres long and holds back 61,000 megalitres of water when at full capacity. The surface area of the reservoir is 380 hectares and the catchment area is 72 square kilometres; the uncontrolled un-gated spillway has a discharge capacity of 1,013 cubic metres per second.
Baroon Pocket Dam's primary use is for town water supply for Caloundra. An intake tower allows water to flow from the dam through a 2.5-metre wide, 2.5-kilometre long tunnel under the Blackall Range. Water is distributed by UnityWater for a range of purposes; the dam and catchment is managed by Seqwater. There is a single boat ramp. Camping is not permitted near the lake. There are picnic areas by the lakeside while viewing platforms and a rainforest walking track through Obi Obi Gorge, are located near the spillway. Fossil fuel motors are not allowed on the lake. A council permit, obtainable on site, is required to use an electric outboard motor for the use on dinghies, but not on canoes. Lake Baroon is stocked with bass, Mary River cod, golden perch and silver perch, while eel-tailed catfish and spangled perch are present. A council permit is required to fish in the dam. Catchment care activities are undertaken by Lake Baroon Catchment Care Group a community group predominantly funded by SeqWater.
The group coordinates protection and remedial works in the catchment and addresses ways to improve water quality. Since its inception in 1992, LBCCG has developed and monitored over $3.5 million of water quality improvement projects working with local primary producers. List of dams and reservoirs in Australia Baroon Pocket Dam at Seqwater Baroon Pocket Dam Fishing Information Pictures from the National Library of Australia Lake Baroon Catchment Care Group