Cedar Knolls, New Jersey
Cedar Knolls, New Jersey
|Elevation||299 ft (91 m)|
|GNIS feature ID||0875295|
Cedar Knolls, New Jersey
|Elevation||299 ft (91 m)|
|GNIS feature ID||0875295|
Boonton Township is a township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,263, reflecting a decline of 24 from the 4,287 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 721 from the 3,566 counted in the 1990 Census. Boonton Township was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 11, 1867, from portions of Pequannock Township; the borough of Mountain Lakes was formed from portions of the township on March 3, 1924. The settlement was called "Boone-Towne" in 1761 in honor of the Colonial Governor Thomas Boone. New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Boonton Township as the 4th best place to live in the state in its rankings of the "New Jersey's Top Towns 2011-2012. Boonton Township's recorded history began about 1710 when William Penn, the Quaker land speculator, located in the northern valley his Lot No. 48, which contained 1,430 acres of fields and woodlands. James Bollen, whose bordering "plantation" stretching south toward the Tourne was described as "situate on the fork of Rockaway with an Indian plantation in it," mapped his 1,507 acres in 1715.
In 1765 David Ogden purchased from Skinner the Great Boonton Tract. When the Township of Boonton was created as of April 11, 1867 by "An Act to Divide the Township of Pequannoc in the County of Morris" most of Penn's Lot No. 48 and parts of the Bollen and Great Boonton Tracts fell within Boonton's boundary. The first settler of proper record was Frederick DeMouth of French Huguenot extraction. By 1758, his Rockaway Valley plantation within the Penn Lot covered 672 acres, it was on this land that the large Stickle and Kincaid farms were to prosper in the far distant future. Frederick Miller of German Palatine birth bought extensive land within the Bollen piece at 13 shillings per acre; these founding families were followed by the Hoplers, Van Winkles, Scotts, Peers and Kanouses. McCaffrey Lane, the oldest recorded thoroughfare in the area, was built in 1767 by Samuel Ogden of the Great Boonton Tract. In 1822, North Main Street was "cut" along the proposed Morris Canal route. In 1824, the Morris Canal and Banking Company was chartered with John Scott of Powerville, an important commissioner.
Lock Numbers 9, 10 and 11 were constructed in newly named Powerville. The Powerville Hotel, still standing, was built near Lock Number 11 to accommodate both canal and transient trade, it gained fame as a pre-American Civil War Underground Railroad station. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 8.632 square miles, including 8.242 square miles of land and 0.390 square miles of water. Unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Deer Pond, Dixons Pond, Rockaway Valley and Sheep Hill; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,263 people, 1,575 households, 1,149.750 families residing in the township. The population density was 517.2 per square mile. There were 1,647 housing units at an average density of 199.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 92.35% White, 1.55% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 3.99% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, 1.41% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.18% of the population. There were 1,575 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.1% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.0% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.17. In the township, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 16.2% from 25 to 44, 35.4% from 45 to 64, 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.5 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 92.4 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $117,333 and the median family income was $135,781. Males had a median income of $102,250 versus $62,452 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $61,267.
About 3.8% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 4,287 people, 1,476 households, 1,157 families residing in the township; the population density was 508.9 people per square mile. There were 1,510 housing units at an average density of 179.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 93.00% White, 1.19% African American, 0.05% Native American, 4.08% Asian, 0.63% from other races, 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.15% of the population. There were 1,476 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.1% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.6% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the township the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Parsippany-Troy Hills Township called Parsippany, is a township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 53,238, reflecting an increase of 2,589 from the 50,649 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,171 from the 48,478 counted in the 1990 Census; the name Parsippany comes from the Lenape Native American sub-tribe, which comes from the word parsipanong, which means "the place where the river winds through the valley". Parsippany-Troy Hills is the most populous municipality in Morris County; the name Troy Hills was changed from Troy, to avoid confusion of mail being sent erroneously to Troy, New York. Parsippany-Troy Hills was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 12, 1928, from portions of Hanover Township, based on the results of a referendum held on May 9, 1928, that split off both East Hanover Township and Parsippany-Troy Hills from Hanover Township. Since 2006.
Parsippany-Troy Hills has been recognized by Money magazine as one of the Best Places to Live in the United States. That year Parsippany was ranked 17th on the highest-ranked location in New Jersey. In 2008, it moved up to 13th position. Parsippany returned to Money magazine's "Best Places" list in 2012, in the 15th position, again in 2014, where it ranked 16th with Money citing its "Arts and leisure". Parsippany's ranking improved to the 5th-ranked position on the "Best Places" list in 2016, but in 2017 dropped to 33rd. In 2018, Parsippany again made the list, at the 23rd-ranked position. After the Wisconsin Glacier melted around 13,000 BC, half of Parsippany was filled with water as this was Lake Passaic. Around the area grasses grew, as the area was tundra and turned into a taiga/boreal forest as the area warmed. Paleo-Indians moved in small groups into the area around 12,500 years ago, attracted by the diversity of plant and animal life. Native Americans settled into the area several thousand years ago, dwelling in the highlands and along the Rockaway River and the Whippany River, where they hunted and fished for the various game that lived in the area and migrated through the area in autumn.
Paintings in a rock cave were found in the late 1970s in western Parsippany in the highlands. From 1611 to 1614, the Dutch established the colony of New Netherland, which claimed territory between the 40th and 45th parallel north, a zone which included northern New Jersey; the Native Americans traded furs and food with the Dutch for various goods. In return the Dutch gave the Native Americans metal pots, guns and blankets. Trading with the Native Americans occurred until 1643 when a series of wars broke out between the Dutch and Native Americans. There were hostile relations between the Dutch and Native Americans between 1643 and 1660; this prevented colonization by the Dutch of the Morris County region, technically included in their claimed "New Netherland." On August 27, 1664, three English ships approached Fort Amsterdam and the fort was surrendered to the English. The English now controlled New Netherland and Morris County was now under control of the colony of New York. Relations with the Native Americans improved for a while.
There was a war with the Dutch ten years later. The Dutch re-took control of New Amsterdam but after a year returned it to the English. Relations with the Native Americans and English improved for a while. English settlers started to move into the area around 1700; the Parsippany area had flat land and fertile soil, a fresh water supply, allowing them to succeed at farming. All types of game waterfowl, provided colonists a chance to succeed. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 25.394 square miles, including 23.563 square miles of land and 1.831 square miles of water. Unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Greystone Park, Lake Hiawatha, Lake Intervale, Lake Parsippany, Mount Tabor, Powder Mill, Rainbow Lakes, Rockaway Neck and Troy Hills. Lake Hiawatha and Mount Tabor are neighborhoods with their own ZIP codes. In 2000, 55% of Parsippany residents had a 07054 ZIP code. In 2011, Parsippany residents could live in one of 12 ZIP codes.
Until 2000, there was a 13th ZIP code within Parsippany, eliminated with changes at the Greystone Park Psychiatric Hospital. The township has a humid continental climate, with cold winters and warm-to-hot summers, it is cooler than Manhattan at night and in the early morning. The record low temperature is −26 °F, the record high is 104 °F. Parsippany-Troy Hills lies in the Newark Piedmont Basin. Around 500 million years ago, a chain of volcanic islands crashed into proto North America, riding over the North American Plate and creating the New Jersey Highlands, which start in the western portion of the township; this strike created land formations in the rest of eastern New Jersey. Around 450 million years ago, a small continent and thin, collided with North America, creating folding and faulting in western New Jersey and southern Appalachia; the swamps and meadows of Parsippany were created when the North American Plate separated from the African Plate. An aborted rift system or half gruben was created.
The land area lowered between a fault west of Paterson. The Ramapo Fault goes though western part of the township; the Wisconsin Glacier came into the area around 21,000 BC and left around 13,000 BC due to a warming in climate. As the glacier melted, this created rivers and lakes, leaving most of the township under Lake Passaic, the biggest lake
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, the most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. New Jersey lies within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U. S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state; the English seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey after the largest of the Channel Islands and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century. In the 19th century, factories in cities, Paterson, Trenton, Jersey City, Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa; the pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.
Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers and gorges. New Jersey was settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact. Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land, now New Jersey; the Lenape were several autonomous groups that practiced maize agriculture in order to supplement their hunting and gathering in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans; these clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade; the Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled.
The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in 1630 along the North River which became the Bergen. Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden; the entire region became a territory of England on June 24, 1664, after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is now New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province. During the English Civil War, the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to the King, it was from the Royal Square in Saint Helier that Charles II of England was proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York, the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony. James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
The area was named the Province of New Jersey. Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres, a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, commercial farming developed sporadically; some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, New Jersey's population had increased to 120,000 by 1775. Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill –
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai
Chester is a borough in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 1,649, reflecting an increase of 14 from the 1,635 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 421 from the 1,214 counted in the 1990 Census. Chester Township was established as a separate political entity on April 1, 1799, including the area of both the Township and the downtown settlement which came to be the Borough; the Borough of Chester was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 3, 1930, based on the results of a referendum held on April 25, 1930, is today a separate municipality surrounded by Chester Township. The borough's name is derived from the township, named for Chestershire in England. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.596 square miles, including 1.594 square miles of land and 0.002 square miles of water. The borough is surrounded by Chester Township, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality surrounds another.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,649 people, 615 households, 437.880 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,034.8 per square mile. There were 647 housing units at an average density of 406.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 90.78% White, 1.03% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 2.30% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 3.21% from other races, 2.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.46% of the population. There were 615 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.8% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 14.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.17. In the borough, the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 43.1 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 96.4 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $86,705 and the median family income was $133,250. Males had a median income of $84,167 versus $50,341 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $48,565. About 0.0% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 1,635 people, 609 households, 426 families residing in the borough; the population density was 1,063.0 people per square mile. There were 627 housing units at an average density of 407.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 94.68% White, 0.80% African American, 1.71% Asian, 2.02% from other races, 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.85% of the population. There were 609 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.9% were non-families.
23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.15. In the borough the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $80,398, the median income for a family was $106,260. Males had a median income of $76,772 versus $45,833 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $42,564. About 2.1% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.5% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over. Dense forests and hiking trails surround the town of Chester, it was named one of the top ten most beautiful towns in New Jersey in 2016.
There are various recreational state parks, such as Hacklebarney State Park and Black River Country Park, which contains a popular tourist site called the Cooper Mill. These parks serve as quintessential family activities going on hikes and observing the foliage during the fall. On the outskirts of Chester, Willowwood Arboretum, operated by the Morris County Park Commission, covers 130 acres of gardens and walking / hiking trails. Chester is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government; the governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office; the Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Chester, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at
Dover is a town in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. Located on the Rockaway River, Dover is about 31 miles west of New York City and about 23 miles west of Newark, New Jersey; as of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 18,157, reflecting a decline of 31 from the 18,188 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,073 from the 15,115 counted in the 1990 Census. Dover has become a majority minority community, with nearly 70% of the population as of the 2010 Census identifying themselves as Hispanic, up from 25% in 1980. Joseph Latham was deeded the land that includes present-day Dover in 1713, from portions of land, purchased from Native Americans by the Proprietors of West Jersey. On May 31, 1722, Latham and his wife Jane deeded 527 acres over to John Jackson of Flushing, New York. Jackson settled on the eastern portion of his land along Granny's Brook at the site of what would become the Ross Ribbon Factory on Park Heights Avenue. Iron ore at the time was so plentiful that it could be collected off the ground at the nearby Dickerson Mine in Mine Hill.
At Jackson's Forge, ore would be processed into bars that would be transported to Paterson and other industrial areas towards the east. The passage of the Iron Act by the British Parliament led to financial difficulties, leading Jackson into bankruptcy in 1753, with all of his property and belongings sold off at a Sheriff's sale. Quaker Hartshorne Fitz Randolph purchased Jackson's property and annexed to his own existing property, which would become part of Randolph Township. Dover was incorporated as a town on April 1, 1869, within Randolph Township and became independent as of March 5, 1896; the town charter was amended in 1875. On May 7, 1896, Dover was reincorporated as a city and regained its status as a town on March 21, 1899, after the referendum that approved the change was invalidated by a court ruling. In its past, Dover has had extensive iron and mill works, machine shops, stove and range works and bridge works, rolling mills, drill works and silk mills, a large hosiery factory. During this period, Dover was a port on the Morris Canal.
Sources attribute the town's name to New Hampshire. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had a total area of 2.730 square miles, including 2.684 square miles of land and 0.046 square miles of water. Hedden County Park, a 380-acre Morris County park, is located in Dover, with park entrances in Randolph; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 18,157 people, 5,562 households, 3,876.714 families residing in the town. The population density was 6,765.5 per square mile. There were 5,783 housing units at an average density of 2,154.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 66.55% White, 6.10% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 2.54% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 19.88% from other races, 4.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 69.38% of the population. There were 5,562 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.3% were non-families.
22.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.21 and the average family size was 3.54. In the town, the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.5 years. For every 100 females there were 110.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 111.2 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $59,454 and the median family income was $61,187. Males had a median income of $34,722 versus $28,098 for females; the per capita income for the town was $21,581. About 3.6% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over. While the 2010 Census showed that 13% of New Jersey's population was Hispanic, Dover's Hispanic population accounted for 69.4% of all residents, ranked fifth in the state by percentage.
The town had notable percentages of residents who were Colombians, Puerto Ricans, Ecuadorians and Peruvians, with smaller percentages of Costa Ricans, Uruguayans and Salvadorans. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 18,188 people, 5,436 households, 3,919 families residing in Dover; the population density was 6,788.2 people per square mile. There were 5,568 housing units at an average density of 2,078.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 69.45% White, 6.83% African American, 0.34% Native American, 2.47% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 15.99% from other races, 4.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 57.94% of the population.11.27% of Dover residents identified themselves as being of Colombian American ancestry in the 2000 Census, the second-highest percentage of the population of any municipality in the United States (behind neighboring Victory Gardens, Ne