Journalism refers to the production and distribution of reports on recent events. The word journalism applies to the occupation, as well as citizen journalists using methods of gathering information and using literary techniques. Journalistic media include print, radio, and, in the past, newsreels. Concepts of the appropriate role for journalism vary between countries. In some nations, the news media are controlled by government intervention and are not independent. In others, the news media are independent of the government but instead operate as private industry motivated by profit. In addition to the varying nature of how media organizations are run and funded, countries may have differing implementations of laws handling the freedom of speech and libel cases; the advent of the Internet and smartphones has brought significant changes to the media landscape in recent years. This has created a shift in the consumption of print media channels, as people consume news through e-readers and other personal electronic devices, as opposed to the more traditional formats of newspapers, magazines, or television news channels.
News organizations are challenged to monetize their digital wing, as well as improvise on the context in which they publish in print. Newspapers have seen print revenues sink at a faster pace than the rate of growth for digital revenues. Journalistic conventions vary by country. In the United States, journalism is produced by individuals. Bloggers are but not always, journalists; the Federal Trade Commission requires that bloggers who write about products received as promotional gifts to disclose that they received the products for free. This is intended to protect consumers. In the US, many credible news organizations are incorporated entities. Many credible news organizations, or their employees belong to and abide by the ethics of professional organizations such as the American Society of News Editors, the Society of Professional Journalists, Investigative Reporters & Editors, Inc. or the Online News Association. Many news organizations have their own codes of ethics that guide journalists' professional publications.
For instance, The New York Times code of standards and ethics is considered rigorous. When crafting news stories, regardless of the medium and bias are issues of concern to journalists; some stories are intended to represent the author's own opinion. In a print newspaper, information is organized into sections and the distinction between opinionated and neutral stories is clear. Online, many of these distinctions break down. Readers should pay careful attention to headings and other design elements to ensure that they understand the journalist's intent. Opinion pieces are written by regular columnists or appear in a section titled "Op-ed", while feature stories, breaking news, hard news stories make efforts to remove opinion from the copy. According to Robert McChesney, healthy journalism in a democratic country must provide an opinion of people in power and who wish to be in power, must include a range of opinions and must regard the informational needs of all people. Many debates center on whether journalists are "supposed" to be "objective" and "neutral".
Additionally, the ability to render a subject's complex and fluid narrative with sufficient accuracy is sometimes challenged by the time available to spend with subjects, the affordances or constraints of the medium used to tell the story, the evolving nature of people's identities. There are several forms of journalism with diverse audiences. Thus, journalism is said to serve the role of a "fourth estate", acting as a watchdog on the workings of the government. A single publication contains many forms of journalism, each of which may be presented in different formats; each section of a newspaper, magazine, or website may cater to a different audience. Some forms include: Access journalism – journalists who self-censor and voluntarily cease speaking about issues that might embarrass their hosts, guests, or powerful politicians or businesspersons. Advocacy journalism – writing to advocate particular viewpoints or influence the opinions of the audience. Broadcast journalism – written or spoken journalism for radio or television.
Citizen journalism – participatory journalism. Data journalism – the practice of finding stories in numbers, using numbers to tell stories. Data journalists may use data to support their reporting, they may report about uses and misuses of data. The US news organization ProPublica is known as a pioneer of data journalism. Drone journalism – use of drones to capture journalistic footage. Gonzo journalism – first championed by Hunter S. Thompson, gonzo journalism is a "highly personal style of reporting". Interactive journalism – a type of online journalism, presented on the web Investigative journalism – in-depth reporting that uncovers social problems. Leads to major social problems being resolved. Photojournalism – the practice of telling true stories through images Sensor journalism – the use of sensors to support journalistic inquiry. Tabloid journalism – writing, light-hearted and entertaining. Considered less legitimate than mainstream journalism. Yellow journalism – writing which emphasizes exaggerated claims or rumors.
The rise of social media ha
Celebrity is the fame and public attention accorded by the mass media to individuals or groups or animals, but is applied to the persons or groups of people themselves who receive such a status of fame and attention. Celebrity status is associated with wealth, while fame provides opportunities to earn revenue. Successful careers in sports and entertainment are associated with celebrity status, while political leaders become celebrities. People may become celebrities due to media attention on their lifestyle, wealth, or controversial actions, or for their connection to a famous person. Athletes in Ancient Greece were welcomed home as heroes, had songs and poems written in their honor, received free food and gifts from those seeking celebrity endorsement. Ancient Rome lauded actors and notorious gladiators, Julius Caesar appeared on a coin in his own lifetime. In the early 12th century, Thomas Becket became famous following his murder, he was promoted by the Christian Church as a martyr and images of him and scenes from his life became widespread in just a few years.
In a pattern repeated, what started out as an explosion of popularity turned into long-lasting fame: pilgrimages to Canterbury Cathedral where he was killed became fashionable and the fascination with his life and death have inspired plays and films. The cult of personality can be traced back to the Romantics in the 18th century, whose livelihood as artists and poets depended on the currency of their reputation; the establishment of cultural hot-spots became an important factor in the process of generating fame: for example and Paris in the 18th and 19th centuries. Newspapers started including gossip columns and certain clubs and events became places to be seen in order to receive publicity; the movie industry spread around the globe in the first half of the 20th century and with it the now familiar concept of the recognizable faces of its superstars. Yet, celebrity was not always tied to actors in films when cinema was starting out as a medium; as Paul McDonald states in The Star System: Hollywood's Production of Popular Identities, "in the first decade of the twentieth century, American film production companies withheld the names of film performers, despite requests from audiences, fearing that public recognition would drive performers to demand higher salaries."
Public fascination went well beyond the on-screen exploits of movie stars and their private lives became headline news: for example, in Hollywood the marriages of Elizabeth Taylor and in Bollywood the affairs of Raj Kapoor in the 1950s. The second half of the century saw television and popular music bring new forms of celebrity, such as the rock star and the pop group, epitomised by Elvis Presley and the Beatles, respectively. John Lennon's controversial 1966 quote: "We're more popular than Jesus now," which he insisted was not a boast, that he was not in any way comparing himself with Christ, gives an insight into both the adulation and notoriety that fame can bring. Unlike movies, television created celebrities who were not actors. However, most of these are only famous within the regions reached by their particular broadcaster, only a few such as Oprah Winfrey, Jerry Springer, or David Frost could be said to have broken through into wider stardom. In the'60s and early'70s, the book publishing industry began to persuade major celebrities to put their names on autobiographies and other titles in a genre called celebrity publishing.
In most cases, the book was not written by the celebrity but by a ghost-writer, but the celebrity would be available for a book tour and appearances on talk shows. Cultures and regions with a significant population may have their own independent celebrity systems, with distinct hierarchies. For example, the Canadian province of Quebec, French-speaking, has its own system of French-speaking television and music celebrities. A person who garners a degree of fame in one culture may be considered less famous or obscure in another; some nationwide celebrities might command some attention outside their own nation. S. whereas the francophone Canadian singer Celine Dion is well known in both the French-speaking world and in the United States. Regions within a country, or cultural communities can have their own celebrity systems in linguistically or culturally distinct regions such as Quebec or Wales. Regional radio personalities, politicians or community leaders may be local or regional celebrities. In politics, certain politicians are recognizable to many people the head of state and the Prime Minister.
Yet only heads of state who play a major role in international politics have a good chance of becoming famous outside their country's borders, since they are featured in mass media. The President of the United States, for instance, is famous by name and face to millions of people around the world. Since World War II the U. S. Presidential elections are followed all across the globe, making the elected candidate world-famous as a result. In contrast, both the Pope and The Dalai Lama are far more famous under their official title than under their actual names; when politicians leave active politics their recognizability tends to diminish among general audiences, as
Famke Beumer Janssen is a Dutch actress, director and former fashion model. She played Xenia Onatopp in GoldenEye, Jean Grey / Phoenix in the X-Men film series, Ava Moore on Nip/Tuck, Lenore Mills in the Taken film trilogy. In 2008, she was appointed a Goodwill Ambassador for Integrity by the United Nations, she made her directorial debut with Bringing Up Bobby in 2011. She is known for her role in the Netflix original series Hemlock Grove and for her role in ABC's How to Get Away with Murder. Janssen starred in the 2017 NBC crime thriller The Blacklist: Redemption. Famke Beumer Janssen was born c. 1964 in Amstelveen in the Netherlands. She has two sisters, director Antoinette Beumer and actress Marjolein Beumer, both of whom changed their surnames to Beumer after their parents divorced. Famke did not follow suit because she did not want "Beumer" as a surname undermining her career prospect internationally, due to the similarity of her mother's surname with the English word "bummer". In addition to her native Dutch, Janssen speaks French.
She learned German, but has not kept up with it. Following her high-school graduation, Janssen studied economics for a year at the University of Amsterdam, which she called "the stupidest idea I had." In the early 1990s, she enrolled at Columbia University to study creative literature. She graduated in 1992 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. In 1984, Janssen moved to the United States to begin her professional career as a fashion model, she signed with Elite Model Management and worked for Yves Saint Laurent, Giorgio Armani and Victoria's Secret. She starred in a 1988 commercial for the perfume Exclamation by Inc.. Her looks have been compared to other 1940s films stars. After retiring from modelling in the early 1990s, Janssen had guest roles on several television series, including a starring role in the 1992 Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "The Perfect Mate", as empathic metamorph Kamala, opposite Patrick Stewart, with whom she starred in the X-Men film series; that same year, Janssen was offered the role of Jadzia Dax in Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, but turned it down to pursue film roles.
Her first film role was alongside Jeff Goldblum in the 1992 crime drama Sons. In 1995, Janssen appeared in Pierce Brosnan's first James Bond film, GoldenEye, as femme fatale Xenia Onatopp, she appeared in Lord of Illusions with Scott Bakula. In an attempt to fight against typecasting after her Bond girl performance, Janssen began seeking out more intriguing support roles, appearing in John Irvin's City of Industry, Woody Allen's Celebrity, Robert Altman's The Gingerbread Man, Ted Demme's Monument Ave. Denis Leary, her co-star in Monument Ave. was impressed by how she blended in not recognizing her, as she was in character. In the late 1990s, she appeared in The Faculty, Deep Rising, House on Haunted Hill. In 2000, Janssen played superhero Dr. Jean Grey in the Marvel Studios film X-Men, she reprised the role in the 2003 sequel, X2, where her character shows signs of increasing powers, but at the end of the film, she is killed. Janssen returns as a much alive Jean, whose death in X2 awoke her dark alternate personality, Phoenix in X-Men: The Last Stand.
At the end of the film, she is killed by Wolverine, who only does it because Jean asks him to, not wanting to hurt anyone when Phoenix is in control. For that role, she won a Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress, she returned as Jean in the 2013 film The Wolverine as a hallucination of Wolverine's. In 2014, Janssen reprised her role of Jean Grey in a brief cameo for X-Men: Days of Future Past, as did a few of the original actors from the first three films, including Halle Berry, Kelsey Grammer, Anna Paquin, James Marsden. In the film, Wolverine went back in time and changed the course of the future, the result being that the events of the third movie, including the deaths of Jean Grey and Cyclops, never happened. In 2002, Janssen landed the role of villainess Serleena in Men in Black II, but had to abandon the film due to a death in her family and was replaced by Lara Flynn Boyle. In addition, Janssen had a prominent role in the second season of the popular TV series Nip/Tuck, as the seductive and manipulative life coach Ava Moore, which earned her Hollywood Life's Breakthrough Artist of the Year Award.
She reprised her role in the final two episodes of the series. In 2007, she starred in Turn the River, for which she was awarded the Special Recognition Best Actress Award at the Hamptons International Film Festival; the following year, she starred in Luc Besson's Taken. Janssen continued to work in television, appearing in TV pilots for NBC's police drama Winters and Showtime's The Farm, a spinoff of The L Word set in a women's prison. Both pilots were rejected by their respective networks. Janssen provided the Dutch language narration for the Studio Tram Tour at all Disney theme parks. In 2011, Janssen made her directorial début with the drama Bringing Up Bobby, she wrote the screenplay to the film, which stars Milla Jovovich, Bill Pullman, Marcia Cross. She reprised her role as Lenore Mills in Taken 2 and Taken 3, she starred as the main villain Muriel in Hansel and Gretel: Witch Hunters. Janssen has starred in the Netflix original horror thriller television series Hemlock Grove since 2013, wherein she plays the role of family matriarch Olivia Godfrey.
Janssen was cast in a starring role in the NBC crime thriller, The Blacklist: Redemption, a spinoff of the NBC series The Blacklist, in March 2016. Janssen was married to writer and
Sir Kenneth Charles Branagh is a Northern Irish actor, director and screenwriter. Branagh trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, in 2015 succeeded Richard Attenborough as its president, he has both directed and starred in several film adaptations of William Shakespeare's plays, including Henry V, Much Ado About Nothing, Hamlet, Love's Labour's Lost, As You Like It. Branagh has starred in numerous other films and television series including Fortunes of War, Woody Allen's Celebrity, Wild Wild West, as the voice of Miguel in The Road to El Dorado, as SS leader Reinhard Heydrich in Conspiracy, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Warm Springs, as Major General Henning von Tresckow in Valkyrie, The Boat That Rocked, Wallander, My Week with Marilyn as Sir Laurence Olivier, as Royal Navy Commander Bolton in the action-thriller Dunkirk, he has directed such films as Dead Again, in which he starred, Swan Song, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein in which he starred, The Magic Flute, the blockbuster superhero film Thor, the action thriller Jack Ryan: Shadow Recruit in which he co-stars, the live-action film Cinderella, the mystery drama adaptation of Agatha Christie's Murder on the Orient Express, in which he starred as Hercule Poirot.
He narrated the series Cold War, the BBC documentary miniseries Walking with Dinosaurs, Walking with Beasts and Walking with Monsters. Branagh has been nominated for five Academy Awards, five Golden Globe Awards, has won three BAFTAs, an Emmy Award, he was appointed a Knight Bachelor in the 2012 Birthday Honours and was knighted on 9 November 2012. He was made a Freeman of his native city of Belfast in January 2018. Branagh, the middle of three children, was born in Belfast, the son of working class Protestant parents Frances and William Branagh, a plumber and joiner who ran a company that specialised in fitting partitions and suspended ceilings, he was educated at Grove Primary School. At the age of nine, he moved with his family to Reading, England, to escape the Troubles, he was educated at Whiteknights Primary School and Meadway School, a local comprehensive in Tilehurst, where he appeared in school productions such as Toad of Toad Hall and Oh, What a Lovely War!. At school, he acquired Received Pronunciation to avoid bullying.
On his identity today he has said, "I feel Irish. I don't think you can take Belfast out of the boy", he attributes his "love of words" to his Irish heritage, he attended the amateur Reading Cine & Video Society as a member and was a keen member of Progress Theatre for whom he is now the patron. After disappointing A'levels results in English and Sociology, Branagh nonetheless went on to train at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London. In 1980 the Principal of RADA, Hugh Cruttwell, asked Branagh to perform a soliloquy from Hamlet for Queen Elizabeth II, during one of her visits to the academy. Branagh achieved some early measure of success in his native Northern Ireland for his role as Billy, the title character in the BBC's Play for Today trilogy known as the Billy Plays, written by Graham Reid and set in Belfast, he received acclaim in the UK for his stage performances, first winning the 1982 SWET Award for Best Newcomer, for his role as Judd in Julian Mitchell's Another Country, after leaving RADA.
Branagh was part of the'new wave' of actors to emerge from the Academy. Others included Jonathan Pryce, Juliet Stevenson, Alan Rickman, Anton Lesser, Bruce Payne and Fiona Shaw. In 1984 he appeared in the Royal Shakespeare Company production of Henry V, directed by Adrian Noble; the production played to sold out audiences at the Barbican in the City of London. It was this production that he adapted for the film version of the play in 1989, he and David Parfitt founded the Renaissance Theatre Company in 1987, following success with several productions on the London'Fringe', including Branagh's full-scale production of Romeo and Juliet at the Lyric Studio, co-starring with Samantha Bond. The first major Renaissance production was Branagh's Christmas 1987 staging of Twelfth Night at Riverside Studios in Hammersmith, starring Richard Briers as Malvolio and Frances Barber as Viola, with an original score by actor and composer Patrick Doyle, who two years was to compose the music for Branagh's film adaptation of Henry V.
This Twelfth Night was adapted for television. Branagh became a major presence in the media and on the British stage when Renaissance collaborated with Birmingham Rep for a 1988 touring season of three Shakespeare plays under the umbrella title of Renaissance Shakespeare on the Road, which played a repertory season at the Phoenix Theatre in London, it featured directorial debuts for Judi Dench with Much Ado About Nothing, Geraldine McEwan with As You Like It, Derek Jacobi directing Branagh in the title role in Hamlet, with Sophie Thompson as Ophelia. Critic Milton Shulman of the London Evening Standard wrote: "On the positive side Branagh has the vitality of Olivier, the passion of Gielgud, the assurance of Guinness, to mention but three famous actors who
Debra Lynn Messing is an American actress. After graduating from New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, Messing received short-lived roles on television series such as Ned and Stacey on Fox and Prey on ABC, she achieved her breakthrough role as Grace Adler, an interior designer, on the NBC sitcom Will & Grace, for which she was critically acclaimed, receiving six Golden Globe Award nominations and five Primetime Emmy Award nominations for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series, winning once in 2003. From 2007 to 2008, Messing starred as Molly Kagan, the ex-wife of a Hollywood film mogul, on the television miniseries The Starter Wife, for which she received two Golden Globe nominations, a Primetime Emmy Award nomination and a Screen Actors Guild Award nomination for her performance. Thereafter, she appeared as Broadway playwright Julia Houston on the NBC musical drama Smash and as homicide detective Laura Diamond on the NBC police-procedural comedy The Mysteries of Laura. Since 2017, Messing has been reprising her role as Grace Adler on NBC's revival of Will & Grace, garnering a ninth Golden Globe nomination for her performance.
Messing's film work includes A Walk in the Clouds, The Mothman Prophecies, Hollywood Ending, Along Came Polly, The Wedding Date, Lucky You, The Women, Nothing like the Holidays, Searching. She has lent her voice to animated films such as Garfield and Open Season. Messing was born in the Brooklyn borough of New York City, the daughter of Sandra, who worked as a professional singer and travel and real estate agent, Brian Messing, a sales executive for a costume jewelry packaging manufacturer. Messing is Jewish, had a Bat Mitzvah ceremony; when Messing was three, she moved with her parents and her older brother, Brett, to East Greenwich, Rhode Island. During her high school years, she acted and sang in a number of high school productions at East Greenwich High School, including the starring roles in the musicals Annie and Grease, she took lessons in dance and acting. In 1986, she was Rhode Island's Junior Miss and competed in Mobile, Alabama, in the America's Junior Miss scholarship program. While her parents encouraged her dream of becoming an actress, they urged her to complete a liberal arts education before deciding on acting as a career.
Following their advice, she attended Brandeis University, where at her parents' request, three quarters of her courses were not theater related. During her junior year, she studied theater at the prestigious British European Studies Group of London program, an experience that solidified her desire to act. In 1990, after graduating summa cum laude from Brandeis with a Bachelor of Arts in Theater Arts, Messing gained admission to the elite Grad Acting Program at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, which accepts 16 new students annually, she earned a Master of Fine Arts after three years. In 1993, Messing won acclaim for her performance as Harper in the pre-Broadway workshop production of Tony Kushner's play Angels in America: Perestroika. Subsequently, she appeared in several episodes of the television series NYPD Blue during 1994 and 1995. In 1995, Messing made her film debut in Alfonso Arau's A Walk in the Clouds playing the unfaithful wife of main character Paul Sutton; this exposure led the Fox network to make her the co-star of Ned & Stacey.
The series lasted for two seasons, from 1995 to 1997. Messing appeared as Jerry Seinfeld's romantic interest in two episodes of the series Seinfeld: "The Wait Out" in 1996 and "The Yada Yada" in 1997. Messing turned down a starring role in another television sitcom to appear in Donald Margulies's two-character play Collected Stories, which opened at the off-Broadway Manhattan Theater Club, she co-starred in the Tom Arnold vehicle McHale's Navy in 1997. In 1998, Messing played a lead role as the bioanthropologist Sloan Parker on ABC's dramatic science fiction television series Prey. During this time, her agent approached her with the pilot script for the television show Will & Grace. Messing was inclined to take some time off, but the script intrigued her, she auditioned for the role of Grace Adler, beating out Nicollette Sheridan, who guest-starred on the show as Grace's romantic rival. Will & Grace became a ratings success, Messing became a star. In 2002, she was named one of the "50 Most Beautiful People in the World" by People.
TV Guide picked her as its "Best Dressed Woman" in 2003. And Messing's trademark curls on Will & Grace won her five Crown Awards from voters at the celebrity hair site Super-Hair. Net between 2000 and 2008. Messing was cast by director Woody Allen in a small role in his 2002 film Hollywood Ending, her film roles since include Richard Gere's ill-fated wife in the supernatural thriller The Mothman Prophecies and a supporting role as an unfaithful bride in Along Came Polly. The Wedding Date was Messing's first leading role in a high-profile film, it received mixed reviews, but performed well at the box office. Messing was featured as a judge on the season finale of the second season of Bravo's reality show, Project Runway. In 2005, along with Megan Mullally, she was awarded the Women in Film Lucy Award in recognition of her excellence and innovation in her creative works that have enhanced the perception of women through the medium of television, she starred in the television miniseries The Starter Wife, nominated for ten Emmy Awards, including one for Messing for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie.
In 2008, Messing reprised her role as
Sven Vilhem Nykvist was a Swedish cinematographer. He worked on over 120 films, but is known for his work with director Ingmar Bergman, he won Academy Awards for his work on two Bergman films and Whispers in 1973 and Fanny and Alexander in 1983, the Independent Spirit Award for Best Cinematography for The Unbearable Lightness of Being. His work is noted for its naturalism and simplicity, he is considered by many to be one of the greatest cinematographers of all time. In 2003, Nykvist was judged one of history's ten most influential cinematographers in a survey conducted by the International Cinematographers Guild. Nykvist was born in Kronobergs län, Sweden, his parents were Lutheran missionaries who spent most of their lives in the Belgian Congo, so Nykvist was raised by relatives in Sweden and saw his parents rarely. His father was a keen amateur photographer of African wildlife, whose activities may have sparked Nykvist's interest in the visual arts. A talented athlete in his youth, Nykvist's first cinematic effort was to film himself taking a high jump, to improve his jumping technique.
After a year at the Municipal School for Photographers in Stockholm, he entered the Swedish film industry at the age of 19. In 1941, he became an assistant cameraman at Sandrews studio, he moved to Italy in 1943 to work at Cinecittà Studios. In 1945, aged 23, he became a full-fledged cinematographer, with his first solo credit on The Children from Frostmo Mountain, he worked on many small Swedish films for the next few years, spent some time with his parents in Africa filming wildlife, footage, released as a documentary entitled In the Footsteps of the Witch Doctor. Back in Sweden, he began to work with the director Ingmar Bergman on Tinsel, he was one of three cinematographers to work on the film, the others being Gunnar Fischer and Hilding Bladh. Nykvist would become Bergman's regular cinematographer, he worked as sole cameraman on Bergman's Oscar-winning films The Virgin Spring and Through a Glass Darkly. He revolutionised. After working with other Swedish directors, including Alf Sjöberg on The Judge and Mai Zetterling on Loving Couples, he worked in the United States and elsewhere, on: Richard Fleischer's The Last Run.
Nykvist won the Academy Award for Best Cinematography for two of his films: Cries and Whispers, Fanny and Alexander, both of which were Bergman films. At the 9th Guldbagge Awards in 1973 he won the Special Achievement award for his work on Cries and Whispers, he was nominated for a Cinematography Oscar for The Unbearable Lightness of Being, in the category of Best Foreign Language Film for The Ox, in which he directed Max von Sydow and Liv Ullmann. Nykvist won a special prize at the Cannes Film Festival for his work on The Sacrifice, the last film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky, who by was in exile from his native Russia, he was the first European cinematographer to join the American Society of Cinematographers, received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the ASC in 1996. His ex-wife, died in 1982. Nykvist's career was brought to a sudden end in 1998, he wrote three books, including Curtain Call published in 1999. He is survived by his son, Carl-Gustaf Nykvist, who directed his first film, Woman on the Roof, in 1989 and directed a documentary about his father, Light Keeps Me Company, 1999.
Sawdust and Tinsel Laughing in the Sunshine The Virgin Spring Through a Glass Darkly Winter Light The Silence Persona Shame Hour of the Wolf The Passion of Anna The Touch The Last Run Siddhartha, from the Hermann Hesse novel, directed by Conrad Rooks Cries and Whispers Scenes from a Marriage The Dove Black Moon directed by Louis Malle The Magic Flute The Tenant directed by Roman Polanski Face to Face directed by Ingmar Bergman The Serpent's Egg Autumn Sonata Pretty Baby Starting Over Marmalade Revolution From the Life of the Marionettes The Postman Always Rings Twice Fanny and Alexander Star 80 Agnes of God The Sacrifice The Unbearable Lightness of Being New York Stories Crimes and Misdemeanors Buster's Bedroom The Ox Chaplin Sleepless in Seattle What's Eating Gilbert Grape Something to Talk About Celebrity In-depth interview with Nykvist from 1984 on working with Bergman Ob
Jeffrey Wright is an American actor. He is best known for his Tony- and Emmy-winning role as Belize in the Broadway production and HBO miniseries Angels in America, he starred as Jean-Michel Basquiat in Basquiat, Felix Leiter in the James Bond films Casino Royale and Quantum of Solace, Valentin Narcisse in the HBO series Boardwalk Empire, Beetee in The Hunger Games films. Wright stars as Bernard Lowe in the HBO series Westworld. Wright was born in Washington, D. C. to a mother who worked as a customs lawyer and a father who died when he was a child. He graduated from St. Albans School and attended Amherst College, receiving a bachelor's degree in political science and planned to attend law school. After attending New York University for two months, he left to become a full-time actor. Wright began appearing off-Broadway in New York City and Washington DC, in 1990, he appeared in his first major film as an attorney in Presumed Innocent, which starred Harrison Ford. In 1991, Wright joined John Houseman's national touring repertory company The Acting Company with productions of A Midsummer Night's Dream and Athol Fugard's Blood Knot.
In 1993 and 1994, he appeared as Norman "Belize" Arriaga in Tony Kushner's award-winning play Angels in America. His portrayal of a gay nurse forced to take care of Roy Cohn as he dies of AIDS won him the Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play. In 1996, Wright portrayed painter Jean-Michel Basquiat in the film Basquiat, to critical acclaim. Throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, Wright appeared in both leading and supporting roles in such films as Celebrity, Ride with the Devil and Boycott, where he gave an AFI Award-winning performance as Martin Luther King, Jr.. In 2003, Wright reprised his role as Norman "Belize" Arriaga in HBO's award-winning adaptation of Angels in America, his performance garnered him an Emmy award as well as a Golden Globe award for Best Supporting Actor in a miniseries. In 2004, he appeared in Jonathan Demme's remake of The Manchurian Candidate. In February 2005, Wright returned to HBO Films in Lackawanna Blues, he guest starred on The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles and Homicide: Life on the Street.
Among his other film roles was Washington attorney Bennett Holiday in Syriana. The same year, he played Bill Murray's eccentric Ethiopian neighbor Winston in Broken Flowers. In 2005, he starred, he appeared as one of the tenants in Lady in the Water. In 2006, Wright was featured as Felix Leiter in the James Bond movie Casino Royale, he reprised the role in Quantum of Solace. In 2007, Wright starred in the alien invasion suspense thriller The Invasion. In 2008, he portrayed Colin Powell in W, he portrayed Muddy Waters in Cadillac Records, a biopic, loosely based on the rise and fall of Chess Records. In 2010, Wright played Jacques Cornet in the world premiere run of A Free Man of Color at the Vivian Beaumont Theater of the Lincoln Center for Performing Arts in New York City. Wright plays Beetee in The Hunger Games film series, starting with The Hunger Games: Catching Fire, released in November 2013, he landed the role of Dr. Valentin Narcisse in season 4 of Boardwalk Empire, starting in the fall of 2013.
In March 2017, Wright appeared in a commercial for Dell Technologies where he showcases a solid golf swing while demonstrating a Callaway driver. In 2018, Wright produced the HBO documentary We Are Not Done Yet, which gives voice to war veterans who, through a USO-sponsored arts workshop at Walter Reed National Military Hospital, discover the power and healing of shared experience to unite and find resilience in the face of post-traumatic stress. Wright married actress Carmen Ejogo in August 2000, they had a son named a daughter named Juno and lived in Brooklyn, New York. They have since divorced. In 2004, Wright received an honorary degree from Amherst College. Wright has been a longtime activist working to end resource-related conflicts. In 2011, Wright established Taia Lion Resources, a mineral exploration company focused on ethical and sustainable mining in Sierra Leone. In August 2012, Wright's conflict-free mining philosophy was highlighted in a video by the Enough Project. Jeffrey Wright at the Internet Broadway Database Jeffrey Wright on IMDb Jeffrey Wright at AllMovie HBO cast page for Angels in America