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Yatabe Domain

Yatabe Domain was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, located in Hitachi Province, Japan. It was centered on Yatabe Jin ` ya in what is now part of the city of Ibaraki, it was ruled for all of its history by a junior branch of the Hosokawa clan. Hosokawa Okimoto was the second son of a noted retainer of the Ashikaga shōguns, he was awarded Tango Province by Oda Nobunaga, his eldest son Hosokawa Tadaoki was one of the main generals of the Sengoku period and a close ally of Tokugawa Ieyasu. After the Battle of Sekigahara, Hosokawa Okimoto was awarded a minor fief 10,000 koku in Shimotsuke Province; this was only a tenth the size of the large domain in Kyushu awarded to his elder brother, with whom he had strained relations. In 1616, for his participation in the Siege of Osaka, Okimoto was awarded an additional 6200 koku in Hitachi Province, he transferred his seat from Motegi to Yatabe, this marked the start of Yatabe Domain. The domain consisted of waste lands which were unsuited for agriculture, from the beginning the domain was in a difficult financial situation with frequent famines.

All requests for assistance to the wealthy Kumamoto Domain ruled by his brother and brother’s descendants were ignored. Despite these problems, this branch of the Hosokawa clan continued at Yatabe until the Meiji restoration; the year 1660 under the rule of Hosokawa Okitaka was hard, with unusually heavy rains leading to flooding, crop failure, pestilence, combined with a fire which burned down the domain’s Edo residence. Another difficult period was in the 1830s; the domain could no longer find credit. Increasing taxes lead to peasant uprisings, the population decreased precipitously from 1835 to less than half its former levels, resulting in large areas of lands with not enough peasants to cultivate; the 8th daimyō, Hosokawa Okinori turned to the writing of Ninomiya Sontoku in a desperate attempt to turn the situation around. However, his efforts at radical reforms met with strong resistance, he died in frustration after a short tenure of only three years; the shogunate was forced to intervene, ordered Kumamoto Domain to support Yatabe to prevent its bankruptcy.

This situation continued through the end of the Tokugawa shogunate. During the Boshin War, the domain was an early supporter of the Imperial cause, sent troops to fight in the Battle of Aizu; the domain had a total population of 13,425 people in 2605 households per a census in 1869, of which 448 people in 107 households were classed as samurai and 232 people in 147 households were classed as ashigaru. As with most domains in the han system, Yatabe Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields. In the case of the Hosokawa, their holdings were divided between Shimotsuke provinces. Hitachi Province 22 villages in Kawachi District 20 villages in Tsukuba District 1 village in Niihari District Shimotsuke Province 27 villages in Haga District Papinot, E. Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle 1972. Yatabe on "Edo 300 HTML"

1965 Milwaukee Braves season

The 1965 Milwaukee Braves season was the 13th and final season for the franchise in Milwaukee along with the 95th season overall. The Braves finished the season with a 86–76 record, 11 games behind the eventual World Series champion Los Angeles Dodgers; the Braves played their home games at County Stadium. It was the thirteenth consecutive winning season for the Braves, who never had a losing season during their time in Milwaukee; the final home game was on September 22 and the season's home attendance sank to 555,584. The franchise had attempted to move to Atlanta shortly after the 1964 season. Milwaukee went four seasons without major league baseball. October 14, 1964: Phil Roof and Ron Piché were traded by the Braves to the California Angels for a player to be named later; the Angels completed the deal by sending Dan Osinski to the Braves on November 29. December 22, 1964: Bobby Del Greco was purchased from the Braves by the Philadelphia Phillies. Prior to 1965 season: Merritt Ranew was acquired from the Braves by the San Francisco Giants.

May 23, 1965: Lee Maye was traded by the Braves to the Houston Astros for Ken Johnson and Jim Beauchamp. June 8, 1965: Duffy Dyer was drafted by the Braves in the 38th round of the 1965 Major League Baseball Draft, but did not sign. July 21, 1965: Gary Kolb was traded by the Braves to the New York Mets for Jesse Gonder. August 5, 1965: Billy Cowan was traded by the New York Mets to the Milwaukee Braves for players to be named later; the Braves completed the deal by sending Lou Klimchock and Ernie Bowman to the Mets on September 25. September 1, 1965: The Braves traded a player to be named to the Houston Astros for Frank Thomas; the Braves completed the deal by sending Mickey Sinnerud to the Astros on September 11. Note: Pos = Position. = Batting average. = Batting average. Johnson, Lloyd; the Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball. Durham, North Carolina: Baseball America. ISBN 978-0-9637189-8-3. 1965 Milwaukee Braves season at Baseball Reference

Living Smile Vidya

Living Smile Vidya, or Smiley, is an Indian trans woman actor, assistant director and trans and Dalit rights activist from Chennai. She described her family as belonging to the Arunthatiyar caste in Andhra Pradesh, migrating to Chennai several generations ago, her mother, a Dalit woman, worked in addition to domestic work. As a child, she described herself as being "a woman in my heart…even as I was being given male privilege.…I was mistaken to be male and couldn’t yet articulate that I was a girl and so I was educated much more than my sisters." In a 2013 interview, Smiley traces the roots of her public art and activism to her realization that "since all women get oppressed under patriarchy, trans women and dalit women through the combined might of patriarchy with casteism and transphobia, I might as well have a loud mouth and be assertive than take everything silently – to be a strong but silent woman was not enough."Vidya holds a master's degree from Tanjavur Tamil University in applied linguistics.

In an 2014 interview, she said "while doing my post-graduation at university, I spent most of the time in the Theater Department rather than my Linguistics Department…So I was able to do a couple of plays."After she moved away from Thanjavur, she begged for a living. After gender-reassignment surgery, she settled in Tamil Nadu, where she began her career working for two years at a rural bank in Madurai, got involved with theatre. Smiley has been described as the first full-time trans theater actress in India, participating in over twenty performances with at least nine directors. According to Orinam, Smiley known for her acting if Srijith Sundaram's Kattiyakkaari production Molagapodi, she has acted in several short films, including Kandal Pookkal and 500 & 5, in documentary films Aghrinaigal and Butterfly. She acted in Leena Manimekalai's 2017 film Is it Too Much to Ask?, where she plays a trans woman seeking housing in Chennai, but facing discrimination. In addition to theater, Smiley has worked as a clown, described her experience as a dancer as being an important part of her journey as a trans woman.

She has worked as an Assistant Director in Tamil and Malayalam movies. In 2013, Smiley was awarded a scholarship by the Charles Wallace India Trust to pursue theatre in the UK, she spent six months of theater training at the London International School of Performing Arts. In 2014, Smiley co-founded the Panmai theatre troupe in Tamil Nadu, along with fellow trans activists Angel Glady and Gee Imaan Semmalar, inspired in part by cultural groups she saw in London. Panmai's productions included Colour of Trans 2.0, performed in India and the United States. In 2019, she performed Scars, in Switzerland; the piece touches on the mental and physical scars that associated with having her male body blend into her feminine identity. The Dalit History Month project describes Living Smile Vidya as "the first trans person to have her chosen gender identity reflected in her passport."Smiley has engaged in activism rooted in Dalit and trans communities, has been critical of savarna transgender people who claim to represent her entire community.

She was one of several trans people who approached the Madras High Court asking for a 3% reservation under a new category. “When parents see a transgender child," she said, "they think of begging or sex work as their future. How will they accept their own children if these are their only options?” In a 2013 interview, she said "We need reservation on the basis of gender, not caste. But it has to be more complex, but I do not want to be OBC. And you will understand why as a dalit, I do not want to come under the OBC category of all things! Puttings transgenders under a oppressed caste category erases the caste priviliges that savarna transgenders have, it is better for us to have caste and gender based reservation so that dalit women and dalit transgenders get representation. Otherwise reservation will only benefit savarna transgenders and dalit men." Smiley reports receiving death threats for her activism around caste starting in 2014 or 2015. Smiley's autobiography I Am Vidya was written in Tamil, translated into seven languages, including English, Malayalam and Kannada.

She was the subject of the award-winning Kannada documentary Naanu Avanalla... Avalu, based on her autobiography of the same name

Mark C. Rogers

Mark Charles Rogers is an American physician, medical entrepreneur and hospital administrator. He is a pediatrician and cardiologist with a specialty in critical care medicine. With a medical career focused on pediatric intensive care, Rogers was founder of the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit at Johns Hopkins Hospital, working there from 1977 to 1991, he concurrently served as chairman of the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine beginning in 1980 and was a professor of anesthesiology and pediatrics throughout his tenure at Johns Hopkins. Rogers graduated from Columbia University and earned his medical degree from the State University of New York Upstate Medical University of the State University of New York in Syracuse before serving in the United States Army Medical Corp. At the end of his subsequent two-decade career in medicine at Johns Hopkins, he earned an MBA from Wharton Business School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1991 and began a new career as CEO of Duke Hospital and Health Network until 1996.

He would serve as founder and chairman of several pharmaceutical research companies focused on the treatment of cancer. Rogers was influential in the development of pediatric intensive care as an independent medical specialty in the United States and published numerous academic papers and books on the subject, he helped establish the medical sub-board examinations for pediatric critical care medicine and was an editor of a textbook on the subject. The now eponymously renamed Rogers' Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care is now its fifth edition headed by new editors; the Mark C. Rogers Chair in Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine at Johns Hopkins is named in his honor. Rogers was born in New York City, in 1942, grew up in the Bronx, he earned entrance into the Bronx High School of an academically competitive magnet school. Neither of his parents had attended higher education. An early influence on Rogers' education was his uncle, a physician, the first in the family to attend college. Before beginning his medical education, Rogers attended Columbia University and earned an undergraduate degree in medieval history in 1964.

Over the next five years, Rogers studied towards a medical degree at the Upstate Medical Center of the State University of New York in Syracuse. His studies were funded by a National Institutes of Health grant with 6-month-long stints each year working at an NIH Research Fellowship, he graduated with a medical degree in 1969 and began a pediatric internship at Massachusetts General Hospital. After one year at MGH, he began a pediatric residency at Boston Children's Hospital in 1970. Working toward his desire to become a pediatric intensivist, Rogers entered a pediatric cardiology fellowship at Duke University Medical Center from 1971 to 1973 and returned to MGH to complete a two-year anesthesiology residency. Rogers was a major in the United States Army from 1975 to 1977; as part of the Medical Corps, he was stationed at the Ireland Army Hospital in Fort Knox, where Rogers had a general pediatrics practice and was the director of Newborn Services. He became the first director of the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit at Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1977.

He began teaching as an associate professor and was promoted to associate professor in 1979. Rogers was appointed as the Chair of the Department of Anesthesiology in 1980, which he soon renamed the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine. At the same time, he was promoted to professor of pediatrics and anesthesiology. According to the journal Pediatric Anesthesia, "The original PICU at Hopkins was rudimentary and not much larger than a living room and closet, it had six beds -- four in two in the other. It had a small nursing staff, not dedicated to pediatric intensive care." In 1985, Rogers expanded 16-bed pediatric critical care unit. He hired Richard Traystman, a professor in epidemiology, as director of research and together they transformed the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine into "one of the top NIH-funded anesthesia department in the United States. In 1992, he founded the first World Congress of Pediatric Intensive Care. Rogers developed the medical sub-board examinations for pediatric critical care medicine and was an editor of a textbook on the subject.

While at Johns Hopkins, he began publishing the Handbook of Pediatric Intensive Care, first published in 1989. The book was subsequently renamed as the Rogers' Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care. Although no longer under Rogers' editorship, it continues to carry his name and is now in its fifth edition. Two colleagues of Rogers, Donald H. Shaffner and David Nichols serve as co-editors in chief of Rogers' Textbook. Rogers has trained and mentored more than 45 doctors that completed residencies and fellowships in pediatric critical care specialties at Johns Hopkins. In 1995, Rogers was elected to the National Academy of Sciences of the Institute of Medicine. While an associate dean and professor at Johns Hopkins, Rogers was a visiting Fulbright Scholar at Ljubljana University Medical Center in the former Yugoslavia. After graduating in 1991 with a Master of Business Administration degree from the Wharton Business School of the University of Pennsylvania, Rogers became CEO of the Duke Hospital and Health Network and Vice-Chancellor for Health Affairs.

In 1996, he initiated a novel capitated contractual agreement with Baxter International to provide all of the hospital's operating room supplies at a capped budget. This novel agreement gave Baxter a bonus when costs are below budget, incentivizing the supplier to keep the hospital's supply costs down. Rogers se

Fauna (deity)

In ancient Roman religion, Fauna is a goddess said in differing ancient sources to be the wife, sister, or daughter of Faunus. Varro regarded her as the female counterpart of Faunus, said that the fauni all had prophetic powers, she is called Fatua or Fenta Fauna. Varro explained the role of Faunus and Fauna as prophetic deities: Fauni are gods of the Latins, so that there is both a male Faunus and a female Fauna. Servius identifies Faunus with Fatuclus, says his wife is Fatua or Fauna, deriving the names as Varro did from fari, "to speak," "because they can foretell the future." The early Christian author Lactantius called her Fenta Fauna and said that she was both the sister and wife of Faunus. Justin said that Fatua, the wife of Faunus, "being filled with divine spirit assiduously predicted future events as if in a madness," and thus the verb for divinely inspired speech is fatuari. While several etymologists in antiquity derived the names Fauna and Faunus from fari, "to speak," Macrobius said Fauna's name derived from faveo, favere, "to favor, nurture," "because she nurtures all, useful to living creatures."

Dumézil regarded her as "the Favorable." According to Macrobius, the Books of the Pontiffs treated Bona Dea, Fauna and Fatua as names for the same goddess, Maia. In his conceptual approach to Roman deity, Michael Lipka sees Faunus and Fauna as an example of a characteristically Roman tendency to form gender-complementary pairs within a sphere of functionality; the male-female figures never have equal prominence, one partner seems to have been modeled on the other. An Oscan dedication naming Fatuveís, found at Aeclanum in Irpinia, indicates that the concept is Italic. Fauna has been dismissed as "an artificial construction of scholarly casuistics." List of Roman deities