The Princeton Review
The Princeton Review is a college admission services company offering test preparation services and admissions resources, online courses, books published by Random House. The company has more than 4,000 teachers and tutors in the United States and Canada and international franchises in 14 other countries; the company is headquartered in New York City, is held. Despite the title, it is not associated with Princeton University; the Princeton Review was founded in 1981 by John Katzman, who—shortly after leaving college—taught SAT preparation to 15 students in New York City. He served as CEO until 2007, was replaced by Michael Perik. In March 2010, Perik was replaced by John M. Connolly. In April 2010, the company sold $48 million in stock for $3 per share, a short time was accused of fraud in a class action suit filed by a Michigan retirement fund, which claimed The Princeton Review leadership exaggerated earnings to boost its stock price. In 2012, the company was acquired by a private equity fund, for $33 million.
On August 1, 2014, the Princeton Review brand name and operations were bought for an undisclosed sum by Tutor.com, an IAC company, Mandy Ginsburg became CEO. The company is no longer affiliated with Education Holdings 1, Inc.. On March 31, 2017, ST Unitas acquired the Princeton Review for an undisclosed sum; the Princeton Review offers preparation courses for various tests at the Princeton Review website: The company offers courses worldwide through company-owned and third-party franchises. Countries with Princeton Review franchises include China, Israel, Kuwait, Mexico, Pakistan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and the United Arab Emirates. Test preparation providers have been criticized in the past on the grounds that their courses claim larger score increases than they deliver. College rankings, including those published by the Princeton Review, have been criticized for failing to be accurate or comprehensive by assigning objective rankings formed from subjective opinions. Princeton Review officials counter that their rankings are unique in that they rely on student opinion and not just on statistical data.
In 2002 an American Medical Association affiliated program, A Matter of Degree, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, criticized the Princeton Review list of Best Party Schools. USA Today published an editorial titled "Sobering Statistics" in August 2002 and stated, "the doctor's group goes too far in suggesting that the rankings contribute to the problem." The editorial noted the fact that among the schools the AMA program was funding as part of its campaign against campus drinking, six of 10 of those schools calling for The Princeton Review to "drop the annual ranking...had made past top-party-school lists: many times for some. That's no coincidence." The editorial commended The Princeton Review for reporting the list, calling it "a public service" for "student applicants and their parents". Rankings for LGBT-related lists have been criticized as inaccurate due to outdated methodologies; the Princeton Review bases its LGBT-Friendly and LGBT-Unfriendly top twenty ranking lists, which asks undergraduates: "Do students and administrators at your college treat all persons regardless of their sexual orientations and gender identify/expression?"
The Princeton Review publishes The Gay & Lesbian Guide to College Life. In 2016, the company was criticized by privacy rights advocates who worry that a company that owns online dating and college preparation services could amass data and exploit it in a way that preys on unsuspecting consumers younger people. "Do parents know that when their underage kids enroll for exam prep or tutoring, personal information may be shared with hookup sites that could target their kids to become customers?" asked one critic, who concluded that the company "makes no guarantee that data sharing among its entities will not include those customers whose sole aim is to improve their grades and test scores." Indeed, another critic points out that The Princeton Review "policy states'we may collect certain information from your computer each time you visit our site'—information like data'regarding your academic and extracurricular activities and interests.' That information can be used to ` send you email offers.
Academic Ranking of World Universities
Academic Ranking of World Universities known as Shanghai Ranking, is one of the annual publications of world university rankings. The league table was compiled and issued by Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2003, making it the first global university ranking with multifarious indicators. Since 2009, ARWU has been published and copyrighted annually by Shanghai Ranking Consultancy, an independent organization focusing on higher education. In 2011, a board of international advisory consisting of scholars and policy researchers was established to provide suggestions; the publication includes global league tables for institutions and a whole and for a selection of individual subjects, alongside independent regional Greater China Ranking and Macedonian HEIs Ranking. ARWU is regarded as one of the three most influential and observed university rankings, alongside QS World University Rankings and Times Higher Education World University Rankings, it is praised for the objectivity and transparency of its methodology, but draws some criticism as it does not adequately adjust for the size of the institution, thus larger institutions would tend to rank above smaller ones.
ARWU is praised by several institutions for its methodology and influence. A survey on higher education published by The Economist in 2005 commented ARWU as "the most used annual ranking of the world's research universities." In 2010, The Chronicle of Higher Education called ARWU "the best-known and most influential global ranking of universities". EU Research Headlines reported the ARWU's work on 31 December 2003: "The universities were evaluated using several indicators of research performance." Chancellor of University of Oxford, Chris Patten and former Vice-Chancellor of Australian National University, Ian Chubb, said: "the methodology looks solid... it looks like a pretty good stab at a fair comparison." And "The SJTU rankings were reported and around the world... offer an important comparative view of research performance and reputation." Respectively. Philip G. Altbach named ARWU's'consistency, clarity of purpose, transparency' as significant strengths. While ARWU has originated in China, the ranking have been praised for being unbiased towards Asian institutions.
The ranking is condemned for "relying too much on award factors" thus undermining the importance of quality of instruction and humanities. A 2007 paper published in the journal Scientometrics found that the results from the Shanghai rankings could not be reproduced from raw data using the method described by Liu and Cheng. A 2013 paper in the same journal showed how the Shanghai ranking results could be reproduced. In a report from April 2009, J-C. Billaut, D. Bouyssou and Ph. Vincke analyse how the ARWU works, using their insights as specialists of Multiple Criteria Decision Making, their main conclusions are. The ARWU researchers themselves, N. C Liu and Y Cheng, think that the quality of universities cannot be measured by mere numbers and any ranking must be controversial, they suggest that university and college rankings should be used with caution and their methodologies must be understood before reporting or using the results. ARWU has been criticised by the European Commission as well as some EU member states for "favour Anglo-Saxon higher education institutions".
For instance, ARWU is criticised in France, where it triggers an annual controversy, focusing on its ill-adapted character to the French academic system and the unreasonable weight given to research performed decades ago. It is criticised in France for its use as a motivation for fusing universities into larger ones. Indeed, a further criticism has been that the metrics used are not independent of university size, e.g. number of publications or award winners will mechanically add as universities are grouped, independently of research quality. As it may take much time for rising universities to produce Nobel laureates and Fields Medalists with numbers comparable to those of older institutions, the Institute created alternative rankings excluding such award factors so as to provide another way of comparisons of academic performance; the weighting of all the other factors remains unchanged, thus the grand total of 70%. There are two categories in ARWU's disciplinary rankings, broad subject fields and specific subjects.
The methodology is similar to that adopted in the overall table, including award factors, paper citation, the number of cited scholars. Considering the development of specific areas, two independent regional league tables with different methodologies were launched. Academic Ranking of World Universities Website Jambor, Paul Z.'The Changing Dynamics of PhDs and the Future of Higher Educational Development in Asia and the Rest of the World' Department of Education – The United States of America: Educational Resources Information Center, September 26, 2009 Csizmazia Roland A. Jambor, Paul Z. "Korean Higher Education on the Rise: Time to Learn From the Success – Comparative Research at the Tertiary Education Level", Human Resource Management Academic Research Society: International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development,Volume 3, Issue 2
Going broke universities – Disappearing universities
The Going broke universities – Disappearing universities is a ranking book about Japanese Universities by Japanese journalist Kiyoshi Shimano, published annually since 1993. Although there are several university rankings in Japan, most of them rank universities by their entrance difficulties called "Hensachi" or by alumni's successes; the Hensachi Rankings have been most used for university ranking. From this view point, GBUDU is a typical ranking book in Japan; the GBUDU ranks Japanese Universities in terms of the entrance selectivity. The author's main argument is that more selective universities have better quality, guarantee students better future careers, thus people should avoid least selective universities, try to enter more selective ones as much as they can. The GBUDU rankings are made by the average scores of Hensachi estimated by Japanese major prep school Yoyogi seminar, it can be regarded as a summary of the selectivity of Japanese universities. He prepared the following 10 scales to measure universities' entrance difficulties.
The following data is the 2010 ranking table in Rank SA - Rank B. GBUDU rakings 2012 GBUDU rakings 2011 GBUDU rakings 2010
John V. Lombardi
John Vincent Paul Maher Lombardi is an American professor and former university administrator. He is a native of California, earned his bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees before becoming a professor of Latin American history. Lombardi has served as the president of the University of Florida, the chancellor of the University of Massachusetts Amherst, the president of the Louisiana State University System. Lombardi was born into a family of educators in Los Angeles, California in 1942, his father was the president of Los Angeles City College, a California community college, superintendent of the Los Angeles Community College District. His mother worked as a college librarian, he earned his Bachelor of Arts degree from Pomona College in Claremont, California in 1963, his Master of Arts and doctor of philosophy degrees from Columbia University in New York City in 1964 and 1968, respectively. He attended the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México in Mexico City, where he learned Spanish while living with a Mexican family, as an undergraduate, the University of California, Los Angeles for graduate school.
While he was a graduate student, Lombardi spent several years living and researching in Venezuela as a Fulbright Scholar. Lombardi married the former Cathryn L. Lee in 1964, whom he met while they were attending Pomona College, they have two children: daughter Mary Ann Lombardi. Lombardi taught in the history department at Indiana University, first at the Jeffersonville, Indiana branch campus and at the main campus in Bloomington, from 1967 through 1987. At Indiana, he held various administrative posts, including director of Latin American studies, dean of international programs, dean of arts and sciences, he served as the provost and vice president for academic affairs at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland from 1987 through 1990. As the provost of Johns Hopkins, Lombardi played a key role in fund-raising and in resolving a financial crisis in which the university was embroiled. Lombardi is a specialist in Latin American history, has a particular interest in Venezuela, he has written numerous academic journal articles and several books on Venezuela and Latin American history and affairs, as well as on many university administration-related subjects.
He is a nationally recognized authority on American higher education, has been the co-editor of the annual editions of The Top American Research Universities from 2000 to the present. In addition to Latin American history classes, he has taught courses on intercollegiate sports, international business and university management. Lombardi served as the ninth president of the University of Florida located in Gainesville, from 1990 to 1999, he was settled in his job at the beginning of the fall 1990 semester when Lombardi was confronted by one of the most serious crises in the university's history—the horrific murders of five students by serial killer Danny Rolling. He is remembered as both comforter-in-chief and as a "student's president" during his term as president; as part of his athletics reform agenda, Lombardi created the Committee on Intercollegiate Athletics, which removed responsibility for student-athlete academics from the control of the University Athletic Association and placed it under the control of the committee.
Lombardi reinserted the office of the president in the UAA's chain of decision-making. He implemented further institutional controls intended to promote the welfare and academic achievement of student-athletes and continued compliance with the rules of the National Collegiate Athletics Association. Lombardi was responsible for the selection of Jeremy Foley as the new athletic director in 1992, now recognized as one of the most successful athletic directors in NCAA Division I sports, his relationships with the Florida Board of Regents and the Florida Legislature were characterized by a series of ups and downs, confrontation followed by conciliation involving conflicts over declining state financial support and conflicting state education funding priorities of the legislature. Lombardi resigned as president in 1999, but continued to teach as a member of the history faculty until 2002. Lombardi's enthusiasm for classic cars led him and a friend to operate Farmer's Garage, a specialty shop for older model automobiles.
At the University of Florida, he is fondly remembered for driving about the Gainesville campus in an old red pickup truck. Lombardi served as the chancellor of the University of Massachusetts Amherst from 2002 to 2007; as president of the LSU System, Lombardi served as the chief executive officer of the five campuses, eleven institutions and ten hospitals within the system. He presided over the groundbreaking of the University Medical Center in New Orleans, he held an appointment as a history professor at Louisiana State University. He was terminated from the position on Friday, April 27, 2012. Florida Gators History of the University of Florida List of Columbia University people List of Indiana University faculty List of Johns Hopkins University faculty List of Pomona College people List of University of Florida presidents Lombardi Scholars Program LSU Tigers State University System of Florida Capaldi, Elizabeth D. John V. Lombardi, Craig W. Abbey & Diane D. Craig, The Top American Research Universities, The Center for Measuring University Performance, Arizona State University, Arizona.
Pleasants, Julian M. Gator Tales: An Oral History of the University of Florida, University of Florida, Florida. ISBN 0-8130-3054-4. Van Ness, Carl, & Kevin McCarthy, Honoring the Past, Shaping the Future: The University o
The Chronicle of Higher Education
The Chronicle of Higher Education is a newspaper and website that presents news and jobs for college and university faculty and student affairs professionals. A subscription is required to read some articles; the Chronicle, based in Washington, D. C. is a major news service in United States academic affairs. It is published every weekday online and appears weekly in print except for every other week in June and August and the last three weeks in December. In print, The Chronicle is published in two sections: section A with news and job listings, section B, The Chronicle Review, a magazine of arts and ideas, it publishes The Chronicle of Philanthropy, a newspaper for the nonprofit world. Corbin Gwaltney was the founder and had been the editor of the alumni magazine of the Johns Hopkins University since 1949. In 1957, he joined in with editors from magazines of several other colleges and universities for an editorial project to investigate issues in higher education in perspective; the meeting occurred on the day the first Sputnik circled the Earth, October 4, 1957, so the "Moonshooter" project was formed as a supplement on higher education for the college magazines.
The college magazine editors promised 60 percent of one issue of their magazine to finance the supplement. The first Moonshooter Report was 32 pages long and titled American Higher Education, 1958, they sold 1.35 million copies to universities. By the project's third year, circulation was over three million for the supplement. In 1959, Gwaltney left Johns Hopkins Magazine to become the first full-time employee of the newly created "Editorial Projects for Education" starting in an office in his apartment in Baltimore and moving to an office near the Johns Hopkins campus, he realized. He and other board members of EPE met to plan a new publication which would be called The Chronicle of Higher Education; the Chronicle of Higher Education was founded in 1966 by Corbin Gwaltney. and its first issue was launched in November 1966. Although it was meant for those involved in higher education, one of the founding ideas was that the general public had little knowledge about what was going on in higher education and the real issues involved.
It didn't accept any advertising and didn't have any staff-written editorial opinions. It was supported by grants from the Ford Foundation. On in its history, advertising would be accepted for jobs in higher education, this would allow the newspaper to be financially independent. By the 1970s, the Chronicle was attracting enough advertising to become self-sufficient, in 1978 the board of EPE agreed to sell the newspaper to its editors. EPE sold the Chronicle to the editors for $2,000,000 in cash and $500,000 in services that Chronicle would provide to EPE. Chronicle went from a legal non-profit status to a for-profit company; this sale shifted the focus of non-profit EPE to K-12 education. Inspired by the model established by the Chronicle, with the support of the Carnegie Corporation and other philanthropies, EPE founded Education Week in September 1981. In 1993, the Chronicle was one of the first newspapers to appear on the Internet, as a Gopher service, it released an iPad version in 2011. The Chronicle grossed $33 million in advertising revenues and $7 million in circulation revenues in 2003.
Over the years, the paper has been a winner of several journalism awards. In 2005, two special reports – on diploma mills and plagiarism – were selected as finalists in the reporting category for a National Magazine Award, it was a finalist for the award in general excellence every year from 2001 to 2005. In 2007, The Chronicle won an Utne Reader Independent Press Award for political coverage. In its award citation, Utne called The Chronicle Review "a fearless, free-thinking section where academia's best and brightest can take their gloves off and swing with abandon at both sides of the predictable political divide." The New Republic, The Nation and The American Prospect were among the finalists in the category. Baldwin, Joyce, "Chronicling Higher Education for Nearly Forty Years,", Carnegie Results, Carnegie Corporation of New York, Winter, 2006 issue Baldwin, Patricia L. Covering the Campus: The History of The Chronicle of Higher Education, 1966–1993, Texas: University of North Texas Press, 1995.
ISBN 0-929398-96-3 Connell, Christopher. 8, pp. 12–24, 27, journal published for the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching by Heldref Publications Official website
University of Massachusetts Amherst
The University of Massachusetts Amherst is a public research and land-grant university in Amherst, Massachusetts. It is the flagship campus of the University of Massachusetts system. UMass Amherst has an annual enrollment of 1,300 faculty members and more than 30,000 students and was ranked 27th best public university by U. S. News Report in 2018 in the national universities category; the university offers academic degrees in 77 master's and 48 doctoral programs. Programs are coordinated in colleges; the main campus is situated north of downtown Amherst. In 2012, U. S. News and World Report ranked Amherst among the Top 10 Great College Towns in America, it is a member of the Five College Consortium. The University of Massachusetts Amherst is categorized as a Research University with Highest research activity by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. In fiscal year 2014, UMass Amherst had research expenditures exceeding $200 million. UMass Amherst sports teams are called the Minutemen and Minutewomen, the colors being maroon and white.
All teams participate in NCAA Division I. The university is a member of the Atlantic 10 Conference, while playing ice hockey in Hockey East and football as an FBS Independent; the university was founded in 1863 under the provisions of the Federal Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to provide instruction to Massachusetts citizens in "agricultural and military arts." Accordingly, the university was named the Massachusetts Agricultural College, popularly referred to as "Mass Aggie" or "M. A. C." In 1867, the college had yet to admit any students, been through two Presidents, had still not completed any college buildings. In that year, William S. Clark was appointed Professor of Botany, he appointed a faculty, completed the construction plan, and, in the fall of 1867, admitted the first class of 50 students. Clark became the first president to serve longterm after the schools opening and is regarded the primary founding father of the college. Of the school's founding figures, there are a traditional "founding four"- Clark, Levi Stockbridge, Charles Goessmann, Henry Goodell, described as "the botanist, the farmer, the chemist, the man of letters."The original buildings consisted of Old South College, North College, the Chemistry Laboratory known as College Hall, the Boarding House, the Botanic Museum and the Durfee Plant House.
Although enrollment was slow during the 1870s, the fledgling college built momentum under the leadership of President Henry Hill Goodell. In the 1880s, Goodell implemented an expansion plan, adding the College Drill Hall in 1883, the Old Chapel Library in 1885, the East and West Experiment Stations in 1886 and 1890; the Campus Pond, now the central focus of the University Campus, was created in 1893 by damming a small brook. The early 20th century saw great expansion in the scope of the curriculum; the first female student was admitted in 1875 on a part-time basis and the first full-time female student was admitted in 1892. In 1903, Draper Hall was constructed for the dual purpose of a dining female housing; the first female students graduated with the class of 1905. The first dedicated female dormitory, the Abigail Adams House was built in 1920. By the start of the 20th century, the college was thriving and expanded its curriculum to include the liberal arts; the Education curriculum was established in 1907.
In recognition of the higher enrollment and broader curriculum, the college was renamed Massachusetts State College in 1931. Following World War II, the G. I. Bill, facilitating financial aid for veterans, led to an explosion of applicants; the college population soared and Presidents Hugh Potter Baker and Ralph Van Meter labored to push through major construction projects in the 1940s and 1950s with regard to dormitories. Accordingly, the name of the college was changed in 1947 to the "University of Massachusetts." By the 1970s, the University continued to grow and gave rise to a shuttle bus service on campus as well as many other architectural additions. Du Bois Library, the Fine Arts Center. Over the course of the next two decades, the John W. Lederle Graduate Research Center and the Conte National Polymer Research Center were built and UMass Amherst emerged as a major research facility; the Robsham Memorial Center for Visitors welcomed thousands of guests to campus after its dedication in 1989.
For athletic and other large events, the Mullins Center was opened in 1993, hosting capacity crowds as the Minutemen basketball team ranked at number one for many weeks in the mid-1990s, reached the Final Four in 1996. UMass Amherst entered. In 2003, for the first time, the Massachusetts State Legislature designated UMass Amherst as a Research Univ
Elizabeth D. Phillips
Elizabeth D. "Betty" Phillips was the Director of University of Florida Online. She resigned abruptly after serving only three months without explanation, she served as provost and executive vice president of Arizona State University and provost of the University of Florida, among other administrative positions. Phillips received her bachelor's degree from the University of Rochester in 1965 and her Ph. D. degree in experimental psychology from the University of Texas at Austin in 1969. Phillips was a professor of psychology at Purdue University and served as head of Purdue's Department of Psychological Sciences and assistant dean of Purdue's Graduate School. At the University of Florida, Phillips served as provost and professor of psychology, she played a key role in improving sponsored research and technology transfer, was instrumental in a new student advising system produced seven percent gain in the graduation rate. Phillips served as provost and professor of psychology at the University at Buffalo, SUNY.
As provost she stabilized the university's budget, which allowed increased faculty hiring and scholarship support that improved the quality and diversity of the student body. She oversaw a substantial increase in sponsored research at UB, supported technology transfer and economic development for Buffalo. From December 2003 to July 2006, Phillips was the vice chancellor and chief of staff of The State University of New York, where her responsibilities included strategic planning, coordinating the activities of the vice chancellors to build quality across the SUNY system, serving as the main liaison between system administration and the campuses. Phillips served as the university provost and executive vice president at Arizona State University from 2006 to 2013, she was ASU's chief academic officer. At ASU, Phillips led a university-wide effort to increase student retention. Under her direction, ASU instituted a new model for academic advising that transferred procedural functions such as course planning to an online tool.
EAdvisor is based on the system that Capaldi developed during her brief, 3-month tenure at the University of Florida. Phillips lead an ASU partnership with the Council for Aid to Education to conduct research on student learning in areas such as critical thinking and reasoning. Phillips' research focused on learning and motivation with particular emphasis on the psychology of eating, she contributed over 65 chapters and articles to the scientific literature, co-authored three editions of an introductory psychology textbook, edited two books on the psychology of eating. Phillips co-directed The Center for Measuring University Performance with Dr. John Lombardi, president of the Louisiana State University system; the Center publishes analysis and publicly reported data that provide an alternative to traditional research university rankings. Phillips is past president of the Association for Psychological Science and of the Midwestern Psychological Association, she was elected to fellow status in the American Psychological Association, the American Psychological Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Her other honors and awards include election to the Friends of Students Hall of Fame at the University of Florida in 2000, the Citizen of the Year award from the New York State Society of Professional Engineers in 2003. Phillips died September 2017, at her home after battling brain cancer for a year, she was 72