Belize Defence Force
The Belize Defence Force is the military of Belize, is responsible for protecting the sovereignty of the country. The BDF is under the Ministry of Defence, headed by Hon. John Saldivar. In 2012, the Belizean government spent about $17 million on the military, constituting 1.08% of the country's gross domestic product. The military of Belize dates back to 1817, when the Prince Regent Royal Honduras Militia, a volunteer organization, was founded. Between 1817 and 1978, the military force in Belize has had ten different names: The Prince Regent's Royal Militia The Belize Volunteer Force The Belize Volunteer Corps The Belize Light Infantry Volunteer Force British Honduras Volunteers British Honduras Territorial Force British Honduras Defense Force British Honduras Home Guard British Honduras Volunteer Guard Belize Volunteer Guard The BDF was founded in 1978 following the disbanding of the Belize Volunteer Guard and the Police Special Force the year before. After Belize achieved independence in 1981 the United Kingdom maintained the deterrent British Forces Belize in the country to protect it from invasion by Guatemala.
During the 1980s this included a No. 1417 Flight RAF of Harriers. The main British force left in 1994, three years after Guatemala recognised Belizean independence, but the United Kingdom maintained a training presence via the British Army Training and Support Unit Belize and 25 Flight AAC until 2011 when the last British Forces left Ladyville Barracks, with the exception of seconded advisers; the BDF Maritime Wing became part of the Belize Coast Guard Service in November 2005. In October 2015, due to rising tensions between Belize and Guatemala and the British cutback on military bases worldwide to focus on the War On Terror in 2011, Belize asked the UK to bring BATSUB back; the BDF consists of: Three infantry battalions, each comprising three companies Three reserve companies One support group Air WingThe Belize Police Department is staffed by 1200 sworn officers and 700 civilian staff. The Belize Police Department and National Forensic Science Service report to the Minister of National Security.
As of 2012, there are 40 British Army personnel stationed in Belize. Mountain Pine Ridge Training Area - south of Belmopan used for jungle warfare by Belize, US, Dutch and British forces Price Barracks - Ladyville - Air Wing HQ and former British helicopter base; the Military Balance 2012. London: IISS. ISSN 0459-7222. Belize Defence Force This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html
Conservation in Belize
Since declaring independence in 1981, Belize has enacted many environmental protection laws aimed at the preservation of the country's natural and cultural heritage, as well as its wealth of natural resources. These acts have established a number of different types of protected areas, with each category having its own set of regulations dictating public access, resource extraction, land use and ownership. 26% of Belizean land and sea is preserved within a total of 95 reserves, which vary in their purpose and level of protection. This network of protected areas exists under a variety of management structures: 1,900,469 acres of terrestrial reserves, 392,970 acres of marine reserves, 317,615 acres protected through recognised private conservation initiatives. However, most of these protected areas are for the management of resource use and extraction, rather than for the preservation of the environment. Situated within the Mesoamerican hotspot, Belize has a high level of terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity.
It is home to more than 150 species of mammals, 540 of birds, 150 of amphibians and reptiles, nearly 600 species of freshwater and marine fish and 3,408 species of vascular plants. The country contains a vast array of ecosystems, many of which are critical habitats for threatened and endangered species; the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System, stretching the full length of the country's coastline, is the largest unbroken coral reef complex in the Western Hemisphere. In Belize, the reef's rich diversity of corals and other marine life has qualified it to be designated a World Heritage Site, in recognition of its consequent global importance. Much of the mainland of Belize forms part of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor, which comprises a network of protected areas linked by biological corridors, stretching from Mexico to Panamá. Belize has two large, blocks of intact virgin rainforest that are to be the last strongholds for species that require large, undisturbed areas for their long-term survival, such as the jaguar.
The number of species endemic to Belize is low, since Belize is a small country and does not have many habitats that are unique. Most of the few endemics are found in the lowland savannas of Belize. Up until the 1970s, Belize British Honduras, had relaxed environmental laws that went unenforced. However, with the formation of the Belize Audubon Society in 1969, public awareness of the value of conservation grew rapidly. After gaining independence in 1981, the government passed both the National Park System Act and the Wildlife Protection Act, designating an array of protected areas of different status, providing a codification for the protection of the immense biodiversity of life contained in the parks. Since governmental departments such as the Department of the Environment and the Forests Department, both under the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment, were established to research and regulate the issues and laws concerning the country's protected areas. Soon following was the Environmental Protection Act of 1992, which outlined the statutory powers of the Department of the Environment.
To ensure proper financial backing, the Protected Areas Conservation Trust was created in 1996. This trust is responsible for all funds raising, the allocation of funds to protected areas. Belize is party to a number of binding multilateral environmental agreements, many of which deal with proper management of the country's natural resources; these include, most notably, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, Convention on Biological Diversity, Convention to Combat Desertification, Framework Convention on Climate Change. Since its ratification of the Ramsar Convention in 1998, Belize has had two sites designated as wetlands of international importance: Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary, in 1998, Sarstoon-Temash National Park, in 2005. In October 2003, the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment began developing a comprehensive "National Protected Areas Policy & System Plan", which focuses on establishing a balance between environmental conservation and the need for economic development, as well as on rationalising the allocation of financial funding and human resources across the protected areas system.
"Reflecting the current thrust in national development, the Work Plan is founded on the need to ensure that biodiversity conservation becomes an important and integral part of national social and economic development. The adopted guiding principle being that the potential contribution of the Protected Areas System to national development and poverty alleviation is maximised, thereby putting the system on a sound and rational footing." An evaluation compiled in 2005 identified a number of flaws in the system. These included a lack of government co-ordination with private landowners, an overall insufficience of data for reference and management, it criticised the unnecessarily large number of management units, many of which overlap and incongruously, suggested that it would be more efficient to create a single agency responsible for all areas of natural resource management. The analysis noted the need for stricter conservation methods in forest reserves, to encourage sustainable methods of resource extraction.
It stressed the need to further protect and maintain biological corridors in their entirety, which would require the co-operation and participation of private landowners. Another ecotype identified as lacking proper attention was the country's deep water ecosystems, which had received neit
Belize is a country located on the eastern coast of Central America. Belize is bordered on the northwest by Mexico, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, on the south and west by Guatemala, it has an area of 22,970 square kilometres and a population of 387,879. Its mainland is 68 mi wide, it has the lowest population density in Central America. The country's population growth rate of 1.87% per year is the second highest in the region and one of the highest in the Western Hemisphere. The Mayan civilization spread into the area of Belize between 1500 B. C. and 300 A. D. and flourished until about 1200. European exploration campaigns began in 1502 when Christopher Columbus sailed along the Gulf of Honduras. European settlement was begun by English settlers in 1638; this period was marked by Spain and Britain both laying claim to the land until Britain defeated the Spanish in the Battle of St. George's Caye, it became a British colony in 1840, known as British Honduras, a Crown colony in 1862. Independence was achieved from the United Kingdom on 21 September 1981.
Belize has a diverse society, composed of many cultures and languages that reflect its rich history. English is the official language of Belize. Over half the population is multilingual, with Spanish being the second most common spoken language, it is known for its extensive barrier reef coral reefs and punta music. Belize's abundance of terrestrial and marine species and its diversity of ecosystems give it a key place in the globally significant Mesoamerican Biological Corridor, it is considered a Central American and Caribbean nation with strong ties to both the American and Caribbean regions. It is a member of the Caribbean Community, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, the Central American Integration System, the only country to hold full membership in all three regional organisations. Belize is a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state; the earliest known record of the name "Belize" appears in the journal of the Dominican priest Fray José Delgado, dating to 1677.
Delgado recorded the names of three major rivers that he crossed while travelling north along the Caribbean coast: Rio Soyte, Rio Xibum and Rio Balis. The names of these waterways, which correspond to the Sittee River, Sibun River and Belize River, were provided to Delgado by his translator, it is that Delgado's "Balis" was the Mayan word belix, meaning "muddy-watered". Some have suggested that the name derives from a Spanish pronunciation of the name of the Scottish buccaneer Peter Wallace, who established a settlement at the mouth of the Belize River in 1638. There is no proof that Wallace settled in this area and some scholars have characterized this claim as a myth. Writers and historians have suggested several other possible etymologies, including postulated French and African origins; the Maya civilization emerged at least three millennia ago in the lowland area of the Yucatán Peninsula and the highlands to the south, in the area of present-day southeastern Mexico, Belize and western Honduras.
Many aspects of this culture persist in the area despite nearly 500 years of European domination. Prior to about 2500 BC, some hunting and foraging bands settled in small farming villages. A profusion of languages and subcultures developed within the Maya core culture. Between about 2500 BC and 250 AD, the basic institutions of Maya civilization emerged; the peak of this civilization occurred during the classic period, which began about 250 AD. The Maya civilization spread across what is now Belize around 1500 BC, flourished there until about AD 900; the recorded history of the middle and southern regions is dominated by Caracol, an urban political centre that may have supported over 140,000 people. North of the Maya Mountains, the most important political centre was Lamanai. In the late Classic Era of Maya civilisation, as many as one million people may have lived in the area, now Belize; when Spanish explorers arrived in the 16th century, the area, now Belize included three distinct Maya territories: Chetumal province, which encompassed the area around Corozal Bay.
Spanish conquistadors explored the land and declared it a Spanish colony but chose not to settle and develop because of its lack of resources and the hostile Indian tribes of the Yucatán. English and Scottish settlers and pirates known as the Baymen entered the area from the 17th century, with Baymen first settling on the coast of what is now Belize in 1638, seeking a sheltered region from which they could attack Spanish ships; the settlers established a trade colony and port in what became the Belize District, during the 18th century, established a system using black slaves to cut logwood trees. This yielded a valuable fixing agent for clothing dyes, was one of the first ways to achieve a fast black before the advent of artificial dyes; the Spanish granted the British settlers the right to occupy the area and cut logwood in exchange for their help suppressing piracy. The British first appointed a superintendent over the Belize area in 1786. Before the British government had not recognized the settlement as a colony for fear of provoking a Spanish attack.
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Constituencies of Belize
Belize's 6 districts are politically divided into 31 constituencies. Each constituency sends one representative to Belize's House of Representatives for 5-year terms; this election is known as the General Election. Each person votes for the candidate they would want to represent their constituency in Central Government; each political party nominates Standard Bearer for each constituency. The winner becomes the Area Representative of the constituency, while the loser remains the Standard Bearer of that constituency for his/her political party. Belize's constituencies are divided in such a way that their voting population be as equal as possible to each other ensuring, that resources are shared among the country's citizens, as required by the constitution. After the 2003 General Elections two additional constituencies were created from territory of existing constituencies in order to further ensure the equality of the voting populations among the constituencies. Coming out of January 2008, the most populous constituency had a voting population of 7,085 while the least populous constituency had a voting population of 3,195.
In Belize's 2003 General Elections, 29 constituencies voted in their Area Representatives for Belize's House of Representatives. Since it was noted that the difference in voting populations between the most and least populous constituencies was rather large. In 2004 a Task Force was appointed by Boundaries Commission to study the matter, their Final Report was submitted in October 2004. It is noted that the Elections and Boundaries Department has the right to reassess constituencies after the latest census or population estimate. Among several things that their report suggested, the expansion of the Cayo District's number of constituencies to six had the most impact; the following year the law was passed to create two additional constituencies within the boundaries of Cayo. The newly created constituencies are Belmopan, containing the capital city of that name, Cayo North East, centered on Spanish Lookout; these new constituencies held their first-ever election during the General Election in 2008.
Below are the Districts and their respective constituencies: Belize District Albert Belize Rural Central Belize Rural North Belize Rural South Caribbean Shores Collet Fort George Freetown Lake Independence Mesopotamia Pickstock Port Loyola Queen's Square Cayo District Belmopan Cayo Central Cayo North Cayo North East Cayo South Cayo West Corozal District Corozal Bay Corozal North Corozal South East Corozal South West Orange Walk District Orange Walk Central Orange Walk East Orange Walk North Orange Walk South Stann Creek District Dangriga Stann Creek West Toledo District Toledo East Toledo West Below is a list of the voting population by constituency as of March 2015, sorted out by districts for ease of reference. Note that these populations are for Belizean citizens who are eligible to vote and does not represent actual population; as of March 2015 the voting population of Belize is estimated at 148,026 while the total population is estimated at 301,300. The Voter Age Population, i.e. all persons over the age of eighteen, is 161,677, or 53.66% of the total population.
Of these, more than 91 percent are registered. Males outnumber females in the population, though the gap is noticeable in the larger urban areas such as Belize City, home to 10 constituencies. Below is the chronological order for the creation of Belize's current constituencies. 1954 The following were the nine original constituencies created for the British Honduras Legislative Assembly: Belize District: Belize North, Belize Rural, Belize South, Belize West Cayo District: Cayo Corozal District: Corozal Orange Walk District: Orange Walk Stann Creek District: Stann Creek Toledo District: Toledo 1961 In a major nationwide redistricting, all of the previous constituencies were abolished and replaced with the following, doubling the total number of constituencies to 18: Belize District: Albert, Belize Rural North, Belize Rural South, Fort George, Mesopotamia, Pickstock Cayo District: Cayo North, Cayo South Corozal District: Corozal North, Corozal South Orange Walk District: Orange Walk North, Orange Walk South Stann Creek District: Stann Creek Town, Stann Creek Rural Toledo District: Toledo North, Toledo South 1973 British Honduras renamed Belize.
The British Honduras Legislative Assembly becomes the Belize House of Representatives. 1979 The following were renamed: Stann Creek District: Stann Creek Town renamed Dangriga, Stann Creek Rural renamed Stann Creek West. 1984 The following constituencies were created: Belize District: Caribbean Shores, Lake Independence, Queen's Square, Port Loyola Cayo District: Cayo Central, Cayo West Corozal District: Corozal Bay Orange Walk District: Orange Walk Central, Orange Walk East The following were altered: Corozal District: Corozal South was split into Corozal South East and Corozal South West Toledo District: Toledo North and Toledo South were abolished, replaced by Toledo East and Toledo West 1993 The following constituency was created: Belize District: Belize Rural Central 2008 The following constituencies were created: Cayo District: Belmopan, Cayo North East Politics of Belize Districts of Belize Belize Elections & Boundaries Department's Map of Belize's Constituencies Government of Belize's Official Website Boundary Re-districting
Geography of Belize
Belize is a small Central American nation, located at 17°15' north of the equator and 88°45' west of the Prime Meridian on the Yucatán Peninsula. It borders the Caribbean Sea to the east, with 386 km of coastline, it has a total of 542 km of land borders—Mexico to the north-northwest and Guatemala to the south-southwest. Belize's total size is 22,966 km ². Belize is the only country in Central America without a Pacific coastline. Many coral reefs and islands to the east—such as Ambergris Caye, Lighthouse Reef, Glover's Reef, the Turneffe Islands—are part of Belize's territory, forming the Belize Barrier Reef, the longest in the western hemisphere stemming 322 km and the second longest in the world after the Great Barrier Reef. Belize's largest river is the eponymous Belize River. Belize's lowest elevation is at sea level, its highest point is Doyle's Delight at 1,124 m. The climate in Belize is tropical, with a rainy season from June to November and a dry season from January to May. Natural hazards include hurricanes and coastal flooding in the south.
Topographical feature divide the Belizean landscape into two main physiographic regions. The most visually striking of these regions is distinguished by the Maya Mountains and the associated basins and plateaus that dominate all but the narrow coastal plain in the southern half of the country; the mountains rise to heights of about 1,100 metres, with the highest point being Doyle's Delight in the Cockscomb Range, a spur of the Maya Mountains in Western Belize. Covered with shallow erodible soils of low fertility, these forested highlands are sparsely inhabited; the second region comprises the northern lowlands, along with the southern coastal plain. Eighteen major rivers and many perennial streams drain these low-lying areas; the coastline is flat and swampy, with many lagoons in the northern and central parts of the country. Westward from the northern coastal areas, the terrain changes from mangrove swamp to tropical pine savanna and hardwood forest. Belize claims an exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles and a territorial sea of 12 nautical miles.
From the mouth of the Sarstoon River to Ranguana Cay, Belize's territorial sea is 3 nmi. Belize is the only country in Central America without a coastline on the North Pacific Ocean; the interlocking networks of rivers and lagoons have played a key role in the historical geography of Belize. The largest and most important river is the Belize River, which drains more than one-quarter of the country as it winds along the northern edge of the Maya Mountains across the center of the country to the sea near Belize City. Known as the Old River, the Belize River is navigable up to the Guatemalan border and served as the main artery of commerce and communication between the interior and the coast until well into the twentieth century. Other important rivers include the Sibun River, which drains the northeastern edge of the Maya Mountains, the New River, which flows through the northern sugar-growing areas before emptying into Chetumal Bay. Both of these river valleys possess fertile alluvial soils and have supported considerable cultivation and human settlement.
Belize has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons, although there are significant variations in weather patterns by region. Temperatures vary according to elevation, proximity to the coast, the moderating effects of the northeast trade winds off the Caribbean. Average temperatures in the coastal regions range from 24 °C in January to 27 °C in July. Temperatures are higher inland, except for the southern highland plateaus, such as the Mountain Pine Ridge, where it is noticeably cooler year round. Overall, the seasons are marked more by differences in humidity and rainfall than in temperature. Average rainfall varies ranging from 1,350 millimeters in the north and west to over 4,500 millimeters in the extreme south. Seasonal differences in rainfall are greatest in the northern and central regions of the country where, between January and April or May, fewer than 100 millimeters of rain fall per month; the dry season is shorter in the south only lasting from February to April. A shorter, less rainy period, known locally as the "little dry," occurs in late July or August, after the initial onset of the rainy season.
Hurricanes have played a devastating role in Belizean history. In 1931 an unnamed hurricane destroyed over two-thirds of the buildings in Belize City and killed more than 1,000 people. In 1955 Hurricane Janet leveled the northern town of Corozal. Six years Hurricane Hattie struck the central coastal area of the country, with winds in excess of 300 kilometers per hour and 4-meter storm tides; the devastation of Belize City for the second time in thirty years prompted the relocation of the capital some 80 kilometers inland to the planned city of Belmopan. A hurricane that devastated Belize was Hurricane Greta, which caused more than US$25 million in damages along the southern coast in 1978. There was a period of 20 years that Belize was considered as a hurricane-free zone by many until Hurricane Mitch caused quite a stir and gave rise to hurricane awareness and the National Emergency Management Organization. Two years Tropical Storm Chantal an
Flora of Belize
The flora of Belize is diverse by regional standards, given the country's small geographical extent. Situated on the Caribbean coast of northern Central America the flora and vegetation have been intimately intertwined with Belize's history; the nation itself grew out of British timber extraction activities from the 17th century onwards, at first for logwood and for mahogany, fondly called "red gold" because of its high cost and was much sought after by European aristocracy. Central America is thought to have gained much of it characteristic flora during the "Great American interchange" during which time South American elements migrated north after the geological closure of the isthmus of Panama. Few Amazonian elements penetrate as far north as Belize and in species composition the forests of Belize are most similar to the forests of the Petén and the Yucatán; the vegetation of Belize was first systematically surveyed in the 1930s. Recent mapping projects have employed the following principal terrestrial and coastal categories of native vegetation: lowland broad-leaved forest.
This is a diverse forest type in Belize, now reduced in extent by clearance for agricultural land. It includes such tropical tree species as Simarouba glauca, Calophyllum brasiliense, Terminalia amazonia and Pterocarpus officinalis. Lowland savanna; this is an important vegetation type in northern Belize, in which scattered trees occur in "short grass". Savanna is maintained as open vegetation by a combination of wet-season flooding, dry-season drought and fire. Typical trees include: Acoelorraphe wrightii, Quercus oleoides and madre de cacao Gliricidia sepium. Lowland pine forest or pine savanna (open forest composed of Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis with shrubs such as the rough-leaved "sandpaper tree". Submontane pine forest submontane broadleaved forest. Characteristic vegetation of the Maya Mountain massif above 500m. Typical species include Podocarpus guatemalensis, Swietenia macrophylla, Terminalia amazonia, Virola brachycarpa, the palm Astrocaryum mexicanum. Mangrove and littoral forest.
Ecologically important vegetation type of the coastal cayes. Several species of mangrove are involved including: black mangrove and white mangrove. In addition the buttonwood although not a true mangrove is associated with mangroves in littoral forest. See the section on mangroves below. Seagrass beds. Sandy bays have extensive mats of seagrass. There are several different types in Belize: turtle grass, manatee seagrass, duckweed seagrasses. Riparian shrubland; this is a mixed vegetation type, of shrubs and small trees with grasses and sedges, found along watercourses. Typical species include Ceiba pentandra. Loss of this habitat was one of the particular environmental concerns of building the Chalillo Dam on the Macal river. Although deforestation continues to be a threat to Belize's natural environment - and to the natural environment of all countries in Latin America - much of the native forest remains, facilitating a burgeoning ecotourism sector. National Parks System Act of 1981 declared numerous protected areas, the Belizean Government has been working with a prominent non-governmental organization, the Belize Audubon Society to promote nature conservation within the country.
Founded in 1969, the BAS assists the Forest Department of the Government of Belize to manage several important forest areas including: Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary - established in 1990 as a result of the studies of the biology of the jaguar by Alan Rabinowitz. Although established for jaguar conservation it is important for plant conservation. Guanacaste National park - fifty acres of tropical forest reserve in the Cayo District of Belize; the signature tree of the reserve is the Guanacaste. Tapir Mountain Nature Reserve - a forest reserve of 6,750 acres, in the Maya Mountains with rugged relief and undisturbed subtropical moist forest. In addition to the above there are numerous other important forest reserves such as: Chiquibul Forest Reserve There are numerous conservation challenges in Belize. One is the extensive recent illegal cutting of the understorey palm's xate; this has a severe effect on the health and reproduction of these characteristic understorey components. A remote sensing study conducted by the Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean and NASA, in collaboration with the Forest Department and the Land Information Centre of the Government of Belize's Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment, published in August 2010 revealed that Belize's forest cover in early 2010 was 62.7%, down from 75.9% in late 1980.
A similar study by Belize Tropical Forest Studies and Conservation International revealed similar trends in terms of Belize's forest cover. Both studies indicate that each year, 0.6% of Belize's forest cover is lost, translating to the clearing of an average of 24,835 acres each year. The USAID-supported SERVIR study by CATHALAC, NASA, the MNRE showed that Belize's protected areas have been effective in protecting the country's forests. While some 6.4% of forests inside of declared protected areas were clea
Governor-General of Belize
The Governor-General of Belize is the representative of the monarch of Belize Queen Elizabeth II, in all matters pertaining to the country. The office of Governor-General is provided for by Sections 30 to 35 of the Constitution; these state: 30.- There shall be a Governor-General of Belize who shall be a citizen of Belize appointed by Her Majesty and shall hold office during Her Majesty's pleasure and who shall be Her Majesty's representative in Belize. 31.- 1. During any period when the office of Governor-General is vacant or the holder of the office of Governor-General is absent from Belize or is for any other reason unable to perform the functions of his office those functions shall be performed by such person as Her Majesty may appoint. 2. Any such person as aforesaid shall not continue to perform the functions of the office of Governor-General if the holder of the office of Governor-General or some other person having a prior right to perform the functions of that office has notified him that he is about to assume or resume those functions.
3. The holder of the office of Governor-General shall not, for the purposes of this section, be regarded as absent from Belize or as unable to perform the functions of his office- a. by reason that he is in passage from one part of Belize to another. 32.- A person appointed to hold the office of Governor-General shall, before entering upon the duties of that office and subscribe the oath of allegiance and office. 33.- 1. Whenever the Governor-General-, a. has occasion to be absent from the seat of government but not from Belize. Will be of short duration, he may, acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister. Appoint any person in Belize to be his deputy during such absence or illness and in that capacity to perform on his behalf such of the functions of the office of Governor-General as may be specified in the instrument by which he is appointed. 2. The power and authority of the Governor-General shall not be abridged, altered or in any way affected by the appointment of a deputy under this section, subject to the provisions of this Constitution.
A deputy shall conform to and observe all instructions that the Governor-General, acting in his own deliberate judgment, may from time to time address to him: Provided that the question whether or not a deputy has conformed to and observed any such instructions shall not be enquired into by any court of law 3. A person appointed as deputy under this section shall hold that appointment for such period as may be specified in the instrument by which he is appointed, his appointment may be revoked at any time by the Governor-General, acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister. 34. - 1. In the exercise of his functions the Governor-General shall act in accordance with the advice of the Cabinet or a Minister acting under the general authority of the Cabinet except in cases where he is required by this Constitution or any other law to act in accordance with the advice of, or after consultation with, any person or authority other than the Cabinet or in his own deliberate judgment. 2.
Any reference in this Constitution to the functions of the Governor-General shall be construed as a reference to his powers and duties in the exercise of the executive authority of Belize and to any other powers and duties conferred or imposed on him as Governor-General by or under this Constitution or any other law. 3. Where by this Constitution the Governor-General is required to perform any function after consultation with any person or authority he shall not be obliged to exercise that function in accordance with the advice of that person or authority. 4. Where by this Constitution the Governor-General is required to perform any function in accordance with the advice of, or after consultation with, any person or authority, the question whether the Governor-General has so exercised that function shall not be enquired into by any court of law. 35. The Prime Minister shall keep the Governor-General informed concerning the general conduct of the government of Belize and shall furnish the Governor-General with such information as he may request with respect to any particular matter relating to the government of Belize.
The Governor General resided at Government House, Belize until 1984 after the capital had moved to Belmopan in 1970. In 1984, the Governor General moved to Belize House in Belmopan the residence of the British High Commission on North Ring Road and Melhado Parade. List of Prime Ministers of Belize Belize Constitution