May Company California
May Company California was a chain of department stores operating in Southern California and Nevada, with headquarters in North Hollywood, California. It was a subsidiary of May Department Stores and merged with May's other Southern California subsidiary, J. W. Robinson's, in 1993 to form Robinsons-May. May Company California was established in 1923 when May acquired A. Hamburger & Sons Inc... The company operated in Southern California until 1989 when May Department Stores had dissolved Goldwater's, based in Scottsdale and transferred its Las Vegas, Nevada store to May Company California; the May Company store, in Whittier, California, at The Quad at Whittier opened in 1965 and closed on March 31, 1987, just six months before the Whittier Narrows earthquake which took place at 7:42 a.m. October 1, 1987; the store's three-level parking structure fell flat to the ground as a result of this quake, the store itself suffered internal damage but remained intact until its controlled implosion a few years later.
Two well-known stores were the flagship Downtown store on 8th Street between Broadway and Hill streets, the May Company Wilshire at Wilshire Boulevard and Fairfax Avenue. The 1926 garage building at 9th and Hill Streets was one of the nation's first parking structures; the Wilshire location has been featured in several vintage films, including Behave Yourself! May Company California can trace its roots to the store that Asher Hamburger and his sons Moses and Solomon had established in Los Angeles after their recent move from Sacramento; this store first opened on October 29, 1881, in a 20-by-75-foot room on Main Street near Requena Street and was original known as The People's Store. In a short time, the store expanded into adjacent store fronts. Within three years, the store had moved to a larger location on Spring Street. By the start of the 20th century, A. Hamburger & Sons had outgrown the Spring Street location, which had 520 employees working on five floors; the Hamburger family decided to build a much larger store at the southeast corner of Broadway and Eighth, a location, outside of current retail district.
Construction started in 1905 with a grand opening held in 1908. This location, known as the Great White Store, was the largest department store building west of Chicago at the time and would become the flagship location for the May Company California. At the time that the Great White Store was opened, the store could boast of having one of the first escalators on the West Coast, several restaurants, a drug store, grocery store, fruit store, meat market, U. S. post office, telegraph office, barber shop, a dentist, a chiropractor, a medical doctor, an auditorium, an electricity and steam power plant in the basement, large enough to support a city of 50,000 inhabitants, a private volunteer 120 men fire brigade, 13 acres of retail space, 1200 employees. The Los Angeles Public Library was located on the third floor from 1908 until it was forced to move to a larger location when it outgrew the Hamburger space by 1913. For a short time, Woodbury Business College was located on the fifth floor. In 1925, the Hamburgers sold their store to the May family of St. Louis for $8.5 million.
Thomas and Wilbur May, sons of the founder of the May Company, were sent to manage the former Hamburger store. One of the first things that they did was to expand the store again by building adjacent additions on the other parts of the city block. After several more years, the May Company store occupied the entire block between Broadway and Hill and between 8th and 9th Streets; the old Hamburger store was renamed the May Company in 1927. To keep pace with the extreme growth in population within Southern California during the Great Depression, May Company opened the first branch store in 1939 on Wilshire at Fairfax at a cost of $2 million. After World War II, a second branch store was completed in 1947 on Crenshaw. A proposed store in Hollywood, planned at the same time was never built. A third branch store opened in Lakewood in 1952, followed by stores in North Hollywood in 1955, West Covina in 1957, Redondo Beach in 1959; the end of the 1950s saw May Company's expansion into the San Diego market with the opening of its eighth store at Mission Valley in 1960.
Other stores that followed during the 1960s included Buena Park in 1963, Canoga Park in 1964, West Los Angeles in 1964, Whittier in 1964, Costa Mesa in 1966, Arcadia in 1966, San Bernardino in 1966, Montclair in 1968, Carlsbad in 1969. During the 1970s, stores were opened in Oxnard in 1970, El Cajon in 1972, Riverside in 1973, Eagle Rock in 1973, Orange in 1974, Westminster in 1974, Culver City in 1975, Brea in 1977, Thousand Oaks in 1978, Mission Viejo in 1979 and La Jolla in 1979. During the next decade, stores were opened in Sherman Oaks in 1980, Pasadena in 1980, National City in 1981, Palos Verdes in 1981, Palm Desert in 1983, Montebello in 1985, Escondido in 1986. After a long period of declining sales, the original Downtown flagship store at 8th and Broadway was closed and replaced by a smaller store at Seventh Market Place in 1986; the parent company had relocated the main corporate offices for the May Company California division from the former Hamburger Building to the North Hollywood store at Laurel Plaza in 1983.
A new store was open in Bakersfield in 1988, while a store in Las Vegas was acquired from sister company Goldwater's in 1989 when parent company May Department Stores decided to cut costs by consolidating divisions. The Las Vegas store is the only locat
Desmond's is a British television situation comedy broadcast by Channel 4 from 1989 to 1994. With 71 episodes, Desmond's became Channel 4's longest running sitcom in terms of episodes; the first series was shot in 1988, with the first episode broadcast in January 1989. The show was set in Peckham and featured a predominantly black British Guyanese cast. Conceived and co-written by Trix Worrell, produced by Charlie Hanson and Humphrey Barclay, this series starred Norman Beaton as barber Desmond Ambrose. Desmond's shop was a gathering place for an assortment of local characters. While the show was not the first black British television situation comedy, Desmond's was the first to be set in the workplace, providing an insight into black family life different from what had been seen before on British television; the characters had aspirations and were mobile. The vast majority of the crew were black. Much of the success of the show came from the dynamics and relationships both within the Ambrose family and the other characters in the show who spent time in the shop.
The Ambroses are the central family. Desmond Ambrose was the main owner of the barbershop named after him, his friends and family make reference to his poor barbering skills. Desmond talked about retiring and returning home to Guyana for good, although Shirley was reluctant to go with him. In the spin-off Porkpie, it was revealed. Shirley Ambrose, Desmond's wife and mother of their three children solved the problems of the other characters. Shirley was the only member of the Ambrose family not to appear in an episode of the spin-off Porkpie as it was revealed that she had gone back to live in Guyana, in the series. Michael Ambrose and Shirley's elder son, was an assistant bank manager, who became a manager. Unlike the rest of the Ambrose family, he was not introduced until the second episode, when Shirley suggested that Desmond go to the bank and get a loan to renovate the shop. Gloria Ambrose was the only daughter of Shirley, she had dreams of becoming a fashion writer. Sean Ambrose was the youngest child, who rapped and was experienced in computer use.
He went to university. Augustus Neapolitan Cleveland "Porkpie" Grant was a childhood friend of Desmond's, his nickname derived from his habit of always wearing a pork pie hat as a young man back in Guyana. His wife Gwendolyn had left him many years earlier after catching him in bed with her best friend Hyacinth Green, who appeared in the final series. Porkpie's wife went taking their two young daughters with her. Although he had two daughters he talked about his daughter Denise, who appeared in the fifth episode of the third series, while there was no mention of his other daughter. Porkpie had his own spin-off series, Porkpie. Matthew was an eternal student from The Gambia, he would quote "old African sayings" and followed up by asking the listener to "think about it". Tony was the third white character to appear in the series. In the final series, it is mentioned. Ricky Flaxman was Tony's replacement in the final series. Desmond gave him the job as the new barber's assistant because he knew his father and promised him a favour for supplying an alibi.
He moved into Gloria's room after she moved out to live with Alex. He is referred to as "Small Boy" by Matthew. Lee "The Peckham Prince" Stanley was the local wide-boy wheeler-dealer trying to sell his wares to the regulars in the shop, he was like a son to Desmond and Shirley as they looked after him while he was in care and they knew his mother. Lee's mother revealed the identity of his father in the fourth episode of the fourth series, she visited the barber shop to find Lee on the day. On Lee's return to Peckham, he was reunited with his mother after 28 years. Louise Dixon was Gloria's best friend in the first four series, the first white character to appear in the series, she went away to university between the fifth series. Amanda "Mandy" Mosgrove was Michael's PA. In episode twelve of the fourth series, Michael proposed to her and she accepted, she was due to marry Michael towards the end of the series. There was no episode of them getting married as the series had finished during the planning stages of the wedding.
In the spin-off series, Porkpie it was revealed that Mandy had married Michael, her surname having become Ambrose. Beverley Mcintosh was Michael's godmother, she was the local gossip, providing a old-fashioned viewpoint. She spoke about her ailments and the medication she had to take, as well as having to prepare her husband's Cuthbert's red mullet, she always wore a hat. Aunt "Susu" Doreen, Shirley's ignorant sister, Porkpie's dream girl and fiancée, she preferred to be called "Susu" rather than her birth name, but the family, in particular Shirley, would call her Doreen whenever angry with her. In the fourth series, Susu was deported back to Jamaica. In the final series of t
Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper, published in Los Angeles, since 1881. It has the fourth-largest circulation among United States newspapers, is the largest U. S. newspaper not headquartered on the East Coast. The paper is known for its coverage of issues salient to the U. S. West Coast, such as immigration trends and natural disasters, it has won more than 40 Pulitzer Prizes for its coverage of other issues. As of June 18, 2018, ownership of the paper is controlled by Patrick Soon-Shiong, the executive editor is Norman Pearlstine. In the nineteenth century, the paper was known for its civic boosterism and opposition to unions, the latter of which led to the bombing of its headquarters in 1910; the paper's profile grew in the 1960s under publisher Otis Chandler, who adopted a more national focus. In recent decades, the paper's readership has declined and it has been beset by a series of ownership changes, staff reductions, other controversies. In January 2018, the paper's staff voted to unionize, in July 2018 the paper moved out of its historic downtown headquarters to a facility near Los Angeles International Airport.
The Times was first published on December 4, 1881, as the Los Angeles Daily Times under the direction of Nathan Cole Jr. and Thomas Gardiner. It was first printed at the Mirror printing plant, owned by Jesse Yarnell and T. J. Caystile. Unable to pay the printing bill and Gardiner turned the paper over to the Mirror Company. In the meantime, S. J. Mathes had joined the firm, it was at his insistence that the Times continued publication. In July 1882, Harrison Gray Otis moved from Santa Barbara to become the paper's editor. Otis made the Times a financial success. Historian Kevin Starr wrote that Otis was a businessman "capable of manipulating the entire apparatus of politics and public opinion for his own enrichment". Otis's editorial policy was based on civic boosterism, extolling the virtues of Los Angeles and promoting its growth. Toward those ends, the paper supported efforts to expand the city's water supply by acquiring the rights to the water supply of the distant Owens Valley; the efforts of the Times to fight local unions led to the October 1, 1910 bombing of its headquarters, killing twenty-one people.
Two union leaders and Joseph McNamara, were charged. The American Federation of Labor hired noted trial attorney Clarence Darrow to represent the brothers, who pleaded guilty. Otis fastened a bronze eagle on top of a high frieze of the new Times headquarters building designed by Gordon Kaufmann, proclaiming anew the credo written by his wife, Eliza: "Stand Fast, Stand Firm, Stand Sure, Stand True." Upon Otis's death in 1917, his son-in-law, Harry Chandler, took control as publisher of the Times. Harry Chandler was succeeded in 1944 by his son, Norman Chandler, who ran the paper during the rapid growth of post-war Los Angeles. Norman's wife, Dorothy Buffum Chandler, became active in civic affairs and led the effort to build the Los Angeles Music Center, whose main concert hall was named the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in her honor. Family members are buried at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery near Paramount Studios; the site includes a memorial to the Times Building bombing victims. The fourth generation of family publishers, Otis Chandler, held that position from 1960 to 1980.
Otis Chandler sought legitimacy and recognition for his family's paper forgotten in the power centers of the Northeastern United States due to its geographic and cultural distance. He sought to remake the paper in the model of the nation's most respected newspapers, notably The New York Times and The Washington Post. Believing that the newsroom was "the heartbeat of the business", Otis Chandler increased the size and pay of the reporting staff and expanded its national and international reporting. In 1962, the paper joined with The Washington Post to form the Los Angeles Times–Washington Post News Service to syndicate articles from both papers for other news organizations, he toned down the unyielding conservatism that had characterized the paper over the years, adopting a much more centrist editorial stance. During the 1960s, the paper won four Pulitzer Prizes, more than its previous nine decades combined. Writing in 2013 about the pattern of newspaper ownership by founding families, Times reporter Michael Hiltzik said that: The first generations bought or founded their local paper for profits and social and political influence.
Their children enjoyed both profits and influence, but as the families grew larger, the generations found that only one or two branches got the power, everyone else got a share of the money. The coupon-clipping branches realized that they could make more money investing in something other than newspapers. Under their pressure the companies split apart, or disappeared. That's the pattern followed over more than a century by the Los Angeles Times under the Chandler family; the paper's early history and subsequent transformation was chronicled in an unauthorized history Thinking Big, was one of four organizations profiled by David Halberstam in The Powers That Be. It has been the whole or partial subject of nearly thirty dissertations in communications or social science in the past four decades; the Los Angeles Times began a decline with Los Angeles itself with the decline in military production at the end of the Cold War. It faced hiring freezes in 1991-1992. Another major decision at the same time was to cut the range of circulation.
They cut circulation in California's Central Valley, Nevada and the San Diego ed
Second Empire architecture
Second Empire is an architectural style, most popular in the latter half of the 19th century and early years of the 20th century. It was so named for the architectural elements in vogue during the era of the Second French Empire; as the Second Empire style evolved from its 17th-century Renaissance foundations, it acquired a mix of earlier European styles, most notably the Baroque combined with mansard roofs and/or low, square-based domes. The style spread and evolved as Baroque Revival architecture throughout Europe and across the Atlantic, its suitability for super-scaling allowed it to be used in the design of municipal and corporate buildings. In the United States, where one of the leading architects working in the style was Alfred B. Mullett, buildings in the style were closer to their 17th-century roots than examples of the style found in Europe
The California Club is a members-only private social club established in 1888 in downtown Los Angeles, the second-oldest such club in Southern California. Its building was erected in 1930 and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2010. There is an old adage; the membership is by invitation only. All new members must be invited by at least six existing members of the Club, pass a series of interviews by the Club's Membership Committee, as well as background and reference checks; the club has ranked #13 in the "Centrality Rankings" by G. William Domhoff in his book "Social clubs, policy-planning groups, corporations: A network study of ruling-class cohesiveness" published in 2005, it is one of the most exclusive private clubs in the U. S; the California Club was incorporated on December 24, 1888. The first organizational meeting was held September 24, 1887, "in Justice Austin's courtroom", with N. C. Coleman as chairman and H. T. DeWilson as secretary; the constitution and bylaws of the Union Social Club, of San Francisco, was reported and accepted without any change by the body of gentlemen assembled.
There was considerable discussion on the... name of the club, and... it was decided to call it the California Club, of Los Angeles. The section in the bylaws granting army and navy officers all the privileges of members upon half-rate caused considerable feeling among the members. Four votes were taken on the question, at last it was decided to allow the bylaws to read as they have for twenty-five years in the Union Club; the club's first location was in the second-floor rooms over the Tally-Ho Stables on the northwest corner of First and Fort streets, where the Los Angeles County Law Library now stands. It moved to the Wilcox Building on the southeast corner of Second and Spring streets in 1895, occupying the two top floors, the fourth and fifth; the building was distinguished as the first in Los Angeles to have two elevators—one for the public and the other for members. The men's dining room, reading room and lounge were on the top floor. On the floor below was the ladies' dining room; the club remained at the Wilcox Building for ten years.
Increased membership impelled the club to seek a new location in the southward and westward direction of the expansion of the city. In 1904 the club's headquarters were moved to a new five-story building with a basement and a roof garden on the northwest corner of Fifth and Hill streets. At various times in its history, the California Club was accused of discrimination against African Americans and other minorities. In a vote taken in June 1987, 90 percent of the voting members favored admitting women. In addition, the Los Angeles City Council in May 1987 voted 12-0 to ban discriminatory practices at institutions in Los Angeles like the California Club. Since that time, the Club has maintained a non-discriminatory policy for admission to membership. In the late 1920s, purchase of land at 538 South Flower Street was negotiated, in 1929 the present structure was begun. Construction on the current seven-story clubhouse at 538 South Flower Street, Los Angeles, began in late 1928 and was formally completed on August 25, 1930.
The building was designed by Robert D. Farquhar, an architect trained at the Ecole Nationale des Beaux Arts in Paris; the American Institute of Architects awarded Farquhar its Distinguished Honor Award for the design of the California Club building. According to the National Park Service: The structure is considered one of the most important buildings of the architect Robert D. Farquhar. Built in 1930, The Italian Renaissance Revival style building, with its setbacks and tower, was among the largest buildings in the immediate area when the site was chosen. Elements like the private forecourt, which shields the front entrance and first floor, provides the club with a sense of privacy and understated design; the building was listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places on July 6, 2010; the listing was featured in the National Park Service's weekly list of July 16, 2010. In addition to fine antiques and handcrafted furniture, the clubhouse is decorated with a collection of Western-themed, plein air paintings by such American landscape painters as J. Bond Francisco, Elmer Wachtel, Franz A. Bischoff, George Kennedy Brandriff, William Wendt and Paul Lauritz.
List of American gentlemen's clubs Membership discrimination in California social clubs David L. Clark, A History of the California Club, 1887–1997. Maynard McFie, The History of the California Club; the California Club website
Spring Street Financial District
The Spring Street Financial District, referred to as the Wall Street of the West, is a historic district in Downtown Los Angeles. The historic district includes 23 financial structures, including the city's first skyscraper, three hotels all located along a stretch of South Spring Street from just north of Fourth Street to just south of Seventh Streets. In the first half of the 20th Century, this stretch of Spring Street was the financial center of Los Angeles, with the important banks and financial institutions being concentrated there. At least ten of the buildings in the district were designed in whole or in part by John Parkinson, who designed many of the city's landmark buildings in the early 20th Century, including the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Los Angeles City Hall, Bullocks Wilshire, Union Station. Ten of the buildings in the district have been designated as Historic-Cultural Monuments by the Los Angeles Cultural Heritage Commission. In the 1890s, the city's business center was further north near South Temple Streets.
The street can claim credit as the birthplace of the motion picture business in Los Angeles. In 1898, Thomas Edison filmed a 60-second film titled "South Spring Street Los Angeles California", mounting a giant camera on a wagon to film the bustling action along South Spring Street. In the early 1900s, the city center began spreading south, the city's banks and financial institutions began concentrating along South Spring Street; the first two important buildings to make the move south were the Hellman and Continental Buildings, with the Continental Building being considered the city's first skyscraper. In 1911, the Los Angeles Times boasted about the building boom on Spring Street: The visitor to this city can at this moment observe skyscrapers in all stages of construction, it is a study which will provide the most comprehensible kind of answer to the query as to why Los Angeles is leading San Francisco, Seattle, St. Louis, Cleveland, Baltimore, Minneapolis, New Orleans, Boston and all other cities of anything near her in building activity as revealed by the monthly expenditures for construction work.
The building boom along South Spring Street continued into the 1920s as the population and economy of Los Angeles boomed. South Spring Street remained the city's financial center after World War II. In the 1960s, many of the banks and financial institutions began moving to the western part of the downtown area, along Figueroa Street and Wilshire Boulevard. By the early 1980s, South Spring Street had become known for "transients who sleep in doorways and urinate on sidewalks." In 1982, the Los Angeles Times commented on the district's decline from "Wall Street of the West" to a blighted area with empty office buildings lining both sides of the street:"When the banks and law firms moved to the'Gold Coast' typified by Arco Towers, six blocks to the west, Spring Street plummeted to become a neighborhood of hoodlums and winos—a neighborhood of echoing buildings full of nothing above the ground floor." Since the early 1980s, South Spring Street has been the subject of numerous redevelopment projects.
In recent years, numerous art galleries have moved into the old financial district, now known as Gallery Row. Many of the old bank buildings have been converted into upscale lofts; as wealthier residents have moved into the district's lofts, older residents and artists have complained about the increased rents. One artist who had lived in the district for years said: The real problem with downtown Gronk and his friends half-jokingly agreed is'those people.' Westsiders. Trust-fund babies. New tenants who demand their bohemian pleasures be liberally sweetened with suburban amenities. Landlords who recruited artists to help make downtown'safe' for gentrification jacked up their rents so only lawyers and screenwriters could afford it; the strength of the district remains its period architecture. Many of the Beaux Arts facades along Spring Street remain intact, making the district a popular shooting location for motion picture and television productions seeking authentic period cityscapes. In 1985, noted Los Angeles Times columnist Jack Smith pointed to the Spring Street Financial District as proof that "Los Angeles was never the cultural wasteland it was alleged to be."
He hailed the district's "financial palaces" as "a solid architectural achievement" which give the street "beauty, strength and dignity." Notable buildings in the district include: The Hellman Building NE corner of 4th and Spring – Built in 1902, the Hellman and Continental Buildings were the first major structures to anchor the Spring Street Financial District. The Hellman Building, now known as Banco Popular, is an eight-story brick and concrete structure designed by Alfred Rosenheim. In 1998, Gilmore Associates announced plans to convert the Hellman Building, the Continental Building, the San Fernando Building into 230 lofts; the converted buildings consisted of large, open lofts with high ceilings and no interior walls except for the bathrooms. The conversion was designed by architect Wade Killefer, who noted: "What lends these buildings to residential use is lots of windows and high ceilings, offering wonderful light." The combined project became known as the Old Bank District lofts. The Continental Building 408 S. Spring Street – Built in 1902, the Continental Building was known as the Braly Building.
The 12-story building was designed by John Parkinson and is considered the first "skyscraper" in Los Angeles. It was the tallest building in Los Angeles until 1907, it is known for its ornamental cornice and bands. The Continental Building was converted into lofts as part of Tom
1971 San Fernando earthquake
The 1971 San Fernando earthquake occurred in the early morning of February 9 in the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains in southern California. The unanticipated thrust earthquake had a magnitude of 6.5 on the Ms scale, a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI. The event was one in a series. Damage was locally severe in the northern San Fernando Valley and surface faulting was extensive to the south of the epicenter in the mountains, as well as urban settings along city streets and neighborhoods. Uplift and other effects affected private businesses; the event affected a number of health-care facilities in Sylmar, San Fernando, other densely populated areas north of central Los Angeles. The Olive View Medical Center and Veterans Hospital both experienced heavy damage, buildings collapsed at both sites, causing the majority of deaths that occurred; the buildings at both facilities were constructed with mixed styles, but engineers were unable to study the buildings' responses because they were not outfitted with instruments for recording strong ground motion, this prompted the Veterans Administration to install seismometers at its high-risk sites.
Other sites throughout the Los Angeles area had been instrumented as a result of local ordinances, an extraordinary amount of strong motion data was recorded, more so than any other event up until that time. The success in this area spurred the initiation of California's Strong Motion Instrumentation Program. Transportation around the Los Angeles area was afflicted with roadway failures and the partial collapse of several major freeway interchanges; the near total failure of the Lower Van Norman Dam resulted in the evacuation of tens of thousands of downstream residents, though an earlier decision to maintain the water at a lower level may have contributed to saving the dam from being overtopped. Schools were affected, as they had been during the 1933 Long Beach earthquake, but this time amended construction styles improved the outcome for the thousands of school buildings in the Los Angeles area. Another result of the event involved the hundreds of various types of landslides that were documented in the San Gabriel Mountains.
As had happened following other earthquakes in California, legislation related to building codes was once again revised, with laws that addressed the construction of homes or businesses near known active fault zones. The San Gabriel Mountains are a 37.3 mi long portion of the Transverse Ranges and are bordered on the north by the San Andreas Fault, on the south by the Cucamonga Fault, on the southwest side by the Sierra Madre Fault. The San Bernardino, Santa Ynez, Santa Monica Mountains are part of the anomalous east–west trending Transverse Ranges; the domain of the ranges stretches from the Channel Islands offshore, to the Little San Bernardino Mountains, 300 miles to the east. The frontal fault system at the base of the San Gabriel Mountains extends from the San Jacinto Fault Zone in the east to offshore Malibu in the west, is defined by moderate to shallow north-dipping faults, with a conservative vertical displacement estimated at 4,000–5,000 feet. Paleomagnetic evidence has shown that the western Transverse Ranges were formed as the Pacific Plate moved northward relative to the North American Plate.
As the plate shifted to the north, a portion of the terrane, once parallel with the coast was rotated in a clockwise manner, which left it positioned in its east–west orientation. The Transverse Ranges form the perimeter of a series of basins that begins with the Santa Barbara Channel on the west end. Moving eastward, there is the Ventura Basin, the San Fernando Valley, the San Gabriel Basin, with active reverse faults all lining the north boundary. A small number of damaging events have occurred, with three in Santa Barbara and two in the San Fernando Valley, though other faults in the basin that have high Quaternary slip rates have not produced any large earthquakes; the San Fernando earthquake occurred on February 9 at 6:00:41 am Pacific Standard Time with a strong ground motion duration of about 12 seconds. The origin of faulting was located five miles north of the San Fernando Valley. Considerable damage was seen in localized portions of the valley and in the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains above the fault block.
The fault, responsible for the movement was not one, considered a threat, this highlighted the urgency to identify other similar faults in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The shaking surpassed building code requirements and exceeded what engineers had prepared for, although most dwellings in the valley had been built in the prior two decades modern earthquake-resistant structures sustained serious damage. Several key attributes of the event were shared with the 1994 Northridge earthquake, considering both were brought about by thrust faults in the mountains north of Los Angeles, each resulting earthquake being similar in magnitude, though no surface rupture occurred in 1994. Since both occurred in urban and industrial areas and resulted in significant economic impairment, each event drew critical observation from planning authorities, has been studied in the scientific communities. Prominent surface faulting trending N72°W was observed along the San Fernando Fault Zone from a point south of Sylmar, stretching nearly continuously for 6 miles east to the Little Tujunga Canyon.
Additional breaks occurred farther to the east that were in a more scattered fashion, while the weste