Missouri is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States, achieving statehood in 1821. With over six million residents, it is the eighteenth most populous state, the largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City and Columbia. The capitol is in Jefferson City on the Missouri River, the state is the twenty-first most extensive by area and is geographically diverse. The Northern Plains were once covered by glaciers, tallgrass prairie, in the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber and recreation. The Mississippi River forms the border of the state, eventually flowing into the swampy Missouri Bootheel. Humans have inhabited the land now known as Missouri for at least 12,000 years, the Mississippian culture built cities and mounds, before declining in the 1300s. When European explorers arrived in the 1600s they encountered the Osage, the French established Louisiana, a part of New France, and founded Ste. Genevieve in 1735 and St. Louis in 1764, after a brief period of Spanish rule, the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.
Americans from the Upland South, including enslaved African Americans, rushed into the new Missouri Territory, many from Virginia and Tennessee settled in the Boonslick area of Mid-Missouri. Soon after, heavy German immigration formed the Missouri Rhineland, Missouri played a central role in the westward expansion of the United States, as memorialized by the Gateway Arch. The Pony Express, Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, as a border state, Missouris role in the American Civil War was complex and there were many conflicts within. After the war, both Greater St. Louis and the Kansas City metropolitan area became centers of industrialization and business, the state is divided into 114 counties and the independent city of St. Louis. Missouris culture blends elements from the Midwestern and Southern United States, the musical styles of ragtime, Kansas City jazz, and St. Louis Blues, developed in Missouri. The well-known Kansas City-style barbecue, and lesser known St. Louis-style barbecue can be found across the state, St.
Louis is a major center of beer brewing, Anheuser-Busch is the largest producer in the world. Missouri wine is produced in the nearby Missouri Rhineland and Ozarks, Missouris alcohol laws are among the most permissive in the United States. Outside of the large cities popular tourist destinations include the Lake of the Ozarks, U. S. President Harry S. Truman is from Missouri. Other well known Missourians include Mark Twain, Walt Disney, Chuck Berry, some of the largest companies based in the state include Express Scripts, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, and OReilly Auto Parts. Missouri has been called the Mother of the West and the Cave State, Missouris most famous nickname is the Show Me State, the state is named for the Missouri River, which was named after the indigenous Missouri Indians, a Siouan-language tribe
Most large museums are located in major cities throughout the world and more local ones exist in smaller cities and even the countryside. Museums have varying aims, ranging from serving researchers and specialists to serving the general public, the goal of serving researchers is increasingly shifting to serving the general public. There are many types of museums, including art museums, natural history museums, science museums, war museums, the city with the largest number of museums is Mexico City with over 128 museums. According to The World Museum Community, there are more than 55,000 museums in 202 countries, the English museum comes from the Latin word, and is pluralized as museums. The first museum/library is considered to be the one of Plato in Athens, Pausanias gives another place called Museum, namely a small hill in Classical Athens opposite to the Akropolis. The hill was called Mouseion after Mousaious, a man who used to sing on the hill, the purpose of modern museums is to collect, preserve and display items of artistic, cultural, or scientific significance for the education of the public.
The purpose can depend on ones point of view, to a family looking for entertainment on a Sunday afternoon, a trip to a local history museum or large city art museum could be a fun, and enlightening way to spend the day. To city leaders, a healthy museum community can be seen as a gauge of the health of a city. To a museum professional, a museum might be seen as a way to educate the public about the museums mission, Museums are, above all, storehouses of knowledge. In 1829, James Smithsons bequest, that would fund the Smithsonian Institution, stated he wanted to establish an institution for the increase, Museums of natural history in the late 19th century exemplified the Victorian desire for consumption and for order. Gathering all examples of classification of a field of knowledge for research. As American colleges grew in the 19th century, they developed their own natural history collections for the use of their students, while many large museums, such as the Smithsonian Institution, are still respected as research centers, research is no longer a main purpose of most museums.
While there is a debate about the purposes of interpretation of a museums collection, there has been a consistent mission to protect. Much care and expense is invested in efforts to retard decomposition in aging documents, artworks. All museums display objects that are important to a culture, as historian Steven Conn writes, To see the thing itself, with ones own eyes and in a public place, surrounded by other people having some version of the same experience can be enchanting. Museum purposes vary from institution to institution, some favor education over conservation, or vice versa. For example, in the 1970s, the Canada Science and Technology Museum favored education over preservation of their objects and they displayed objects as well as their functions. One exhibit featured a printing press that a staff member used for visitors to create museum memorabilia
Ohio /oʊˈhaɪ. oʊ/ is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Ohio is the 34th largest by area, the 7th most populous, the states capital and largest city is Columbus. The state takes its name from the Ohio River, the name originated from the Iroquois word ohi-yo’, meaning great river or large creek. Partitioned from the Northwest Territory, the state was admitted to the Union as the 17th state on March 1,1803, Ohio is historically known as the Buckeye State after its Ohio buckeye trees, and Ohioans are known as Buckeyes. Ohio occupies 16 seats in the United States House of Representatives, Ohio is known for its status as both a swing state and a bellwether in national elections. Six Presidents of the United States have been elected who had Ohio as their home state, Ohios geographic location has proven to be an asset for economic growth and expansion. Because Ohio links the Northeast to the Midwest, much cargo, Ohio has the nations 10th largest highway network, and is within a one-day drive of 50% of North Americas population and 70% of North Americas manufacturing capacity.
To the north, Lake Erie gives Ohio 312 miles of coastline, Ohios southern border is defined by the Ohio River, and much of the northern border is defined by Lake Erie. Ohios neighbors are Pennsylvania to the east, Michigan to the northwest, Ontario Canada, to the north, Indiana to the west, Kentucky on the south, Ohio is bounded by the Ohio River, but nearly all of the river itself belongs to Kentucky and West Virginia. Ohio has only that portion of the river between the rivers 1792 low-water mark and the present high-water mark, the border with Michigan has changed, as a result of the Toledo War, to angle slightly northeast to the north shore of the mouth of the Maumee River. Much of Ohio features glaciated plains, with a flat area in the northwest being known as the Great Black Swamp. Most of Ohio is of low relief, but the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau features rugged hills, in 1965 the United States Congress passed the Appalachian Regional Development Act, at attempt to address the persistent poverty and growing economic despair of the Appalachian Region.
This act defines 29 Ohio counties as part of Appalachia, the worst weather disaster in Ohio history occurred along the Great Miami River in 1913. Known as the Great Dayton Flood, the entire Miami River watershed flooded, as a result, the Miami Conservancy District was created as the first major flood plain engineering project in Ohio and the United States. Grand Lake St. Marys in the west central part of the state was constructed as a supply of water for canals in the era of 1820–1850. For many years this body of water, over 20 square miles, was the largest artificial lake in the world and it should be noted that Ohios canal-building projects were not the economic fiasco that similar efforts were in other states. Some cities, such as Dayton, owe their emergence to location on canals. Summers are typically hot and humid throughout the state, while winters generally range from cool to cold, precipitation in Ohio is moderate year-round
A city is a large and permanent human settlement. Cities generally have complex systems for sanitation, land usage, housing, a big city or metropolis usually has associated suburbs and exurbs. Such cities are associated with metropolitan areas and urban areas. Once a city expands far enough to another city, this region can be deemed a conurbation or megalopolis. Damascus is arguably the oldest city in the world, in terms of population, the largest city proper is Shanghai, while the fastest-growing is Dubai. There is not enough evidence to assert what conditions gave rise to the first cities, some theorists have speculated on what they consider suitable pre-conditions and basic mechanisms that might have been important driving forces. The conventional view holds that cities first formed after the Neolithic revolution, the Neolithic revolution brought agriculture, which made denser human populations possible, thereby supporting city development. The advent of farming encouraged hunter-gatherers to abandon nomadic lifestyles and to settle near others who lived by agricultural production, the increased population density encouraged by farming and the increased output of food per unit of land created conditions that seem more suitable for city-like activities.
In his book and Economic Development, Paul Bairoch takes up position in his argument that agricultural activity appears necessary before true cities can form. According to Vere Gordon Childe, for a settlement to qualify as a city, it must have enough surplus of raw materials to support trade and a relatively large population. To illustrate this point, Bairoch offers an example, Western Europe during the pre-Neolithic, when the cost of transport is taken into account, the figure rises to 200,000 square kilometres. Bairoch noted that this is roughly the size of Great Britain, the urban theorist Jane Jacobs suggests that city formation preceded the birth of agriculture, but this view is not widely accepted. In his book City Economics, Brendan OFlaherty asserts Cities could persist—as they have for thousands of years—only if their advantages offset the disadvantages, OFlaherty illustrates two similar attracting advantages known as increasing returns to scale and economies of scale, which are concepts usually associated with businesses.
Their applications are seen in more basic economic systems as well, increasing returns to scale occurs when doubling all inputs more than doubles the output an activity has economies of scale if doubling output less than doubles cost. To offer an example of these concepts, OFlaherty makes use of one of the oldest reasons why cities were built, in this example, the inputs are anything that would be used for protection and the output is the area protected and everything of value contained in it. OFlaherty asks that we suppose the protected area is square, the advantage is expressed as, O = s 2, where O is the output and s stands for the length of a side. This equation shows that output is proportional to the square of the length of a side, the inputs depend on the length of the perimeter, I =4 s, where I stands for the quantity of inputs. So there are increasing returns to scale, O = I2 /16 and this equation shows that with twice the inputs, you produce quadruple the output
Mirror Master is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. He is a foe of the Flash with considerable technical expertise. Four individuals have donned the guise of Mirror Master, in 2009, Mirror Master was ranked as IGNs 79th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time. The Sam Scudder version of Mirror Master first appeared in The Flash #105 and was created by John Broome, the Evan McCulloch version of Mirror Master first appeared in Animal Man #8 and was created by Grant Morrison and Chas Truog. Samuel Joseph Sam Scudder was a convict, but had the goal to learn how to get inside the reflection of a mirror. Stumbling into a hall of mirrors, he experimented and discovered a way to get in his own reflection and he used this power to become the criminal Mirror Master, and was a frequent foe of The Flash. Scudder died around the time as Barry Allen, alongside the Icicle during the Crisis on Infinite Earths. Later, Captain Boomerang briefly assumed Scudders identity, becoming the second Mirror Master and he used this as an alternate identity with which to commit crimes, thus not alerting his teammates in Suicide Squad to his extracurricular activities.
Pre-Crisis, he studied mirrors after someones reflection was held inside a mirror he was working on in the prison workshop and he learned how to create creatures of light. The Rogues visit Sam Scudders old hideout and unveil a giant mirror with the words In Case of Flash and it has been shown in several past incidents that something lives in the mirror universe that is deadly. The Rogues learn that the giant mirror is actually a slow acting poison, in The New 52, a reboot of the DC Comics universe, Sam Scudder is the current Mirror Master. Its revealed that a year prior he, Captain Cold, the procedure went awry, causing an explosion at the facility. Golden Glider, who was at the facility, was caught in the explosion, the five were given superpowers but each in a twisted manner. It is implied that Sam is in a relationship with her. The Rogues blame Captain Cold for this and have turned against him because of it, as a baby, Scottish mercenary Evan McCulloch is left on the doorstep of an orphanage run by a Mrs.
McCulloch, with nothing but his first name and a photograph of his parents. He grows up fairly normal and around age 8, Evan is sexually assaulted by an older boy, Evan, in self-defense, drowns the boy in a creek. Never caught, Evan leaves the orphanage at 16 with his parents photograph and he settles in Glasgow, taking up a life that leads to crime and eventually takes up employment as an assassin. He becomes one of the most renowned mercenaries in the United Kingdom, one day, he has two hits scheduled, and due to an eye injury is barely able to make out his second target
Deadshot is a fictional character who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics, commonly as an adversary of Batman. He has traditionally portrayed as a supervillain but has more recently taken the role of an antihero. IGNs list of the Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time ranked Deadshot as #43, the character was portrayed by Will Smith in the 2016 film Suicide Squad. Deadshot first appears in Batman #59 and was created by Bob Kane, David Vern Reed, as the worlds deadliest and most accurate marksman, Deadshot has become a staple member of both the Suicide Squad and Secret Six. Deadshot is often a hired assassin, regularly boasting to never miss and he is capable of using a large variety of weapons, but is most frequently portrayed as using a pair of silenced, wrist-mounted guns. He initially appears in Gotham City as a new crime fighter and he is sent to jail when Batman and Commissioner Gordon publicly expose his plot to become the king of Gothams underworld. Deadshots past is revealed in subsequent appearances and his real name is Floyd Lawton and he grew up in a wealthy household with his mother, abusive father, and brother Eddie.
Floyds parents were the most powerful people in his town, eventually Floyds mother claimed his father had become too abusive, prompting Floyd to kill him. When Floyd took the shot from his house, he missed and killed his brother, Eddie. From that moment on, Floyd swore to never miss another shot again, Deadshot has been a major figure in the Suicide Squad in its latest two incarnations, where his skills as a marksman and his disregard for human life serve to advance the groups objectives. Probably his most defining trait is a desire to die in a spectacular fashion and he feels he has no reason to continue living, while he does not want to commit suicide, he simply does not care if he dies. Various reasons have been cited for this, but the most common thread in them is his parents peculiar hatred for one another, Deadshot almost gets his wish to die when he confronts a Senator who is threatening to expose the Suicide Squad to the world. Having been ordered to stop his immediate superior, Rick Flag, from assassinating the senator, he kills the senator himself, after this Deadshot is gunned down by the police on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.
He survives his wounds, to continue on with the Squad, Lawtons uniform is stolen by an airport employee, who uses it to commit crimes and murders. Lawton is forced to kill the man with a bullet to the head, the shooting of his own image affects him greatly, for a while, he does not even fix the hole in his own uniform. While the suit has been lost, Lawton has threatened to kill the man he thought had been responsible, during his last mission for the Suicide Squad, Count Vertigo asks Deadshot if he would kill him if asked. Deadshot agrees and the two go off to an area for the decision. Vertigo declines, a decision Deadshot accepts with no argument, after being affected by the supernatural entity Neron during the Underworld Unleashed storyline, Deadshot decides to kill a kindergarten class via a large explosion
Justice League (TV series)
Justice League is an American animated television series which ran from 2001 to 2004 on Cartoon Network. It is part of the DC animated universe, the show was produced by Warner Bros. It is based on the Justice League of America and associated comic book published by DC Comics. After the second season, the series was replaced by Justice League Unlimited, animator Bruce Timm, who co-produced Batman, The Animated Series and Superman, The Animated Series in the 1990s, became executive producer on an animated series focusing on the Justice League. The roster consisted of Batman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern, The Flash, Martian Manhunter, according to audio commentary on the DVD release of Season 2, the second season finale Starcrossed was expected to be the final episode of the series. However, in February 2004, Cartoon Network announced a series, Justice League Unlimited. Kevin Conroy reprised his role as Batman from Batman, The Animated Series, The New Batman Adventures. Batmans costume was redesigned, but this time, his costume was a combination of his last three costumes.
Tim Daly, who voiced Superman in Superman, The Animated Series was initially involved but was unable to continue his role due to involvement with The Fugitive, and was replaced by George Newbern. As an in-joke, Supermans season one facial designs are used for an older Jor-El in the Justice League Unlimited episode For the Man Who Has Everything, most of the characters retained their general comic book origins and continuity, with Wonder Woman being the notable exception. In an interview segment on the Season One DVD, Bruce Timm stated that he ran into some legal issues in using the Wonder Woman character. Major changes were made to the Hawkgirl character. The character of Hawkgirl became romantically involved with the John Stewart Green Lantern as the series progressed, a romantic relationship between Batman and Wonder Woman was shown by the shows creators, who disliked pairing Wonder Woman with Superman despite fan requests. Robin is not paired with Batman in this animated series like he was on Super Friends, although the series itself is animated in traditional 2-dimensional style, the opening credits are rendered in 3D with toon shading.
The intro is a stock intro used throughout the series until Justice League Unlimited premieres, kevin Conroy – Batman George Newbern – Superman, D. J. It contained all 91 episodes of Justice League and Justice League Unlimited on a 15 disc set with the 15th disc containing a bonus documentary, individual releases A 4-disc soundtrack of musical highlights from both seasons of Justice League was released by La-La Land Records in July 2016. It is an edition of 3000 units and can be ordered at the La-La Land Records website. The set includes tracks from fan-favorite episodes like A Better World, Wild Cards, a second Justice League volume may follow if fans support the existing release
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. As the most populous city in the province, the 2016 census recorded 631,486 people in the city, the Greater Vancouver area had a population of 2,463,431 in 2016, making it the third largest metropolitan area in Canada. Vancouver has the highest population density in Canada with over 5,400 people per square kilometre. With over 250,000 residents, Vancouver municipality is the fourth most densely populated city in North America behind New York City, San Francisco, and Mexico City according to the 2011 census. In that census, Vancouver was one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse cities in Canada, Vancouver is classed as a Beta global city. In 2014, following thirty years in California, the annual TED conference made Vancouver its indefinite home, several matches of the 2015 FIFA Womens World Cup were played in Vancouver, including the final at BC Place Stadium. From that first enterprise, other stores and some hotels quickly appeared along the waterfront to the west, Gastown became formally laid out as a registered townsite dubbed Granville, B. I.
As of 2014, Port Metro Vancouver is the third largest port by tonnage in the Americas, 27th in the world, the busiest and largest in Canada, and the most diversified port in North America. While forestry remains its largest industry, Vancouver is well known as an urban centre surrounded by nature, archaeological records indicate the presence of Aboriginal people in the Vancouver area from 8,000 to 10,000 years ago. The city is located in the territories of the Squamish, Musqueam. They had villages in various parts of present-day Vancouver, such as Stanley Park, False Creek, Point Grey, the city takes its name from George Vancouver, who explored the inner harbour of Burrard Inlet in 1792 and gave various places British names. The explorer and North West Company trader Simon Fraser and his became the first known Europeans to set foot on the site of the present-day city. In 1808, they travelled from the east down the Fraser River, perhaps as far as Point Grey. The Fraser Gold Rush of 1858 brought over 25,000 men, mainly from California, to nearby New Westminster on the Fraser River, on their way to the Fraser Canyon, a sawmill established at Moodyville in 1863, began the citys long relationship with logging.
It was quickly followed by mills owned by Captain Edward Stamp on the shore of the inlet. This mill, known as the Hastings Mill, became the nucleus around which Vancouver formed, the mills central role in the city waned after the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880s. It nevertheless remained important to the economy until it closed in the 1920s. The settlement which came to be called Gastown grew up quickly around the original makeshift tavern established by Gassy Jack Deighton in 1867 on the edge of the Hastings Mill property
Professor Eobard Zoom Thawne, otherwise known as the Reverse-Flash, is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. He is the archenemy of Barry Allen, a descendant of Malcolm Thawne, IGN ranked Professor Zoom as the 31st greatest comic book villain of all time in 2009, and #2 on their Top 5 Flash Villains list in 2015. Created by John Broome and Carmine Infantino, he first appeared in The Flash #139 in September 1963, Eobard Thawne made his debut as the Reverse-Flash in The Flash #139. In the process, Thawne reversed the colors of the costume, the suit becoming yellow, the boots and lightning bolt highlighting the red color, the Flash, assuming his counterpart might know where the clock was, pursued Professor Zoom. After a destructive battle, the villain was defeated when he boasted how he used a chemical coating to protect himself from air friction. It proved a waste of time, as Thawne knew nothing about the clock and he destroyed the costume to prevent it from being used again.
Blaming the Flash for his defeat, Eobard began traveling back in time to gain revenge, in his second appearance, he hypnotized Doctor Alchemy, who was trying to go straight, into helping him. He became obsessed with replacing Barry Allen, not only as the Flash, after Iris finally made it clear that this would never happen, Thawne kills Iris at a party, vibrating his hand into her head. It took a time for Barry to get his life back together after this. Shortly after Allen had found love again, Zoom reappeared, threatening to kill new fiancee Fiona Webb on Allens second wedding day, terrified that history would repeat itself, Allen instinctively and inadvertently kills his enemy, breaking Thawnes neck in a final struggle. After discovering the Cosmic Treadmill in a shop, Eobard attempted to use it to go back in time. He gained super-speed by replicating the electrochemical bath that gave Barry Allen his powers to be able to activate the Treadmill, the machine had broken down over the centuries, and Eobard arrived several years after Barrys death.
Then, at the Flash Museum, he discovered that he was destined to become Professor Zoom, the Reverse-Flash, as a result, his mind, already disoriented by the stress of time travel, convinces itself that he is Barry Allen. As Barry, he integrates into life with the current Flash, Wally West, Wally ultimately defeats Eobard and tricks him into returning to his proper time, with no memory of the incident. Despite this, Eobard still manages to bring the remains of his older selfs costume with him, cluing him further into his destiny. After the events in Zero Hour, Crisis in Time, it is revealed that Eobards ancestor, Malcolm Thawne, was Barry Allens long-lost twin brother, thus making Eobard and Barry distantly related. In 2009, Professor Zoom was re-imagined as a villain in the DC Universe by writer Geoff Johns in The Flash. It is revealed that he would be resurrected in a near-future event and he is apparently the one responsible for Barrys return and transformation into the Black Flash
Young Justice is a fictional DC Comics superhero team consisting of teenaged heroes. The team was formed at a time when DCs usual teen hero group, like the original Teen Titans, Young Justice was centered on three previously established teen heroes, Superboy and Impulse, but grew to encompass most teenaged heroes in the DC Universe. In the 2003 mini-series Titans/Young Justice, Graduation Day, both disbanded and members of each formed two new teams of Teen Titans and Outsiders. This is when they first stumble upon the abandoned Justice League Cave in Happy Harbor, after managing to thwart Bedlams adolescent paradise, the three boys agree that they were effective as a team and should officially band together as their own group. When the ongoing title begins in September 1998, the three heroes have formed a clubhouse in the Cave and this man was an aspiring super-villain bent on battling and killing young metahumans for practice, revealed to be Secrets adopted brother in her previous life. Harm was responsible for her death and subsequent transfiguration, Young Justice discovers and adopts the Super-Cycle, a sentient vehicle capable of flight from New Genesis which they come to rely as their primary means of transportation.
They are persistently badgered by APES Agents Donald Fite and Ishido Maad and these men are acting on behalf of the Department of Extranormal Operations. They are seeking to recapture Secret, instead she leads a revolt that frees all of their other captives, Red Tornado faces losing custody of his adoptive daughter, Traya. He flees the state with her, placing the team in a predicament because they assisted him. Traya is eventually returned to her mother after she is awakened from her coma by Secret, Arrowette suffers the murder of a close friend at her school and nearly kills the attacker. This places the team in trouble with the government. This situation is exacerbated when Young Justice, in an attempt to free Secret who had been taken captive by the DEO. In the midst of events, unbeknownst to the team, Superboy is taken captive and detained by the villainous Agenda, while his villainous counterpart. The team soon becomes targeted by a group of metahumans known as the Pointmen. It marked the transition between the six and the new cast, with Empress joining right after this storyline.
Superboy temporarily loses his powers, but regains his ability to age normally, Cissie, a natural-born marksman, wins the gold medal for the US, effectively gaining her celebrity status without the need of her heroic identity. They team up again with Empress, finally learning her true identity. Young Justice quickly warms up to the mystic and welcomes her within their ranks
Flash (Barry Allen)
The Flash is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Barry Allen is the character to be known as the Flash. The character first appeared in Showcase #4, created by writer Robert Kanigher and penciler Carmine Infantino and his name combines talk show hosts Barry Gray and Steve Allen. Barry Allen is a reinvention of a character called The Flash that had appeared in 1940s comic books as the character Jay Garrick. The Flashs power consists mainly of superhuman speed, various other effects such as intangibility are attributed to his ability to control the speed of molecular vibrations. The Flash wears a red and gold costume treated to resist friction and wind resistance. Barrys classic stories introduced the concept of the Multiverse to DC Comics, and his return to regular comics occurred subsequently in 2008 within the pages of Grant Morrisons Final Crisis crossover story and Geoff Johns accompanying The Flash, Rebirth limited series. He has since played a role in the crossover stories Blackest Night, Convergence.
Allen has appeared in various adaptations in other media, John Wesley Shipp played the character in the 1990 CBS television series and Grant Gustin currently plays him in the 2014 The CW television series. Barry Allen is a police scientist with a reputation for being slow, and frequently late. One night, as he is working late, a lightning bolt shatters a case full of chemicals and spills all over Allen, as a result, Allen finds that he can run extremely fast and has matching reflexes and senses. He dons a set of red tights sporting a lightning bolt, dubs himself the Flash, Central City University professor Ira West designed Allens costume and the ring which stores it while Allen is in his civilian identity. The ring can eject the compressed clothing when Allen needs it, in addition, Allen invented the cosmic treadmill, a device that allowed for precise time travel and was used in many stories. Allen was so liked that nearly all speedsters that come after him are often compared to him. Batman once said Barry is the kind of man that I wouldve hoped to become if my parents had not been murdered.
As presented in Justice League of America #9, when the Earth is infiltrated by alien warriors sent to conquer the planet, some of the worlds greatest heroes join forces, Allen among them. While the superheroes individually defeat most of the invaders, they fall prey to a single alien, the heroes decide to found the Justice League. Allen becomes friends with Green Lantern, which would be the subject of the limited series Flash and Green Lantern, The Brave
A comic book or comicbook, called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes. Panels are often accompanied by brief descriptive prose and written narrative, although comics has some origins in 18th century Japan and 1830s Europe, comic books were first popularized in the United States during the 1930s. Comic books are reliant on their organization and appearance, authors largely focus on the frame of the page, size and panel positions. These characteristic aspects of books are necessary in conveying the content. The key elements of comic books include panels, text, balloons are usually convex spatial containers of information that are related to a character using a tail element. The tail has an origin, path and pointed direction, there are many technological formulas used to create comic books, including directions, axes and metrics. Following these key formatting procedures is the writing, Comics as a print medium have existed in America since the printing of The Adventures of Mr.
Obadiah Oldbuck in 1842 in hardcover, making it the first known American prototype comic book. The introduction of Jerry Siegel and Joe Shusters Superman in 1938 turned comic books into a major industry, the Golden Age originated the archetype of the superhero. Historians generally divide the timeline of the American comic book into eras, the Golden Age of Comic Books began with the introduction of Superman in 1938, spurring a period of high sales. The Silver Age of comic books is considered to date from the first successful revival of the then-dormant superhero form. The demarcation between the Silver Age and the era, the Bronze Age of Comic Books, is less well-defined. The Modern Age of Comic Books runs from the mid-1980s to the present day, in response to attention from the government and from the media, the U. S. comic book industry set up the Comics Magazine Association of America. The CMAA instilled the Comics Code Authority in 1954 and drafted the self-censorship Comics Code that year and it was not until the 1970s that comic books could be published without passing through the inspection of the CMAA.
In the early 1970s, a surge of creativity emerged in what known as underground comix. Published and distributed independently of the comics industry, most of such comics reflected the youth counterculture. Underground comics were almost never sold at newsstands, but rather in such youth-oriented outlets as head shops and record stores, frank Stacks The Adventures of Jesus, published under the name Foolbert Sturgeon, has been credited as the first underground comic. The rise of comic book specialty stores in the late 1970s created/paralleled a dedicated market for independent or alternative comics in the U. S, some independent comics continued in the tradition of underground comics. A few represented experimental attempts to bring closer to the status of fine art