Dryden, New York
Dryden is a town in Tompkins County, New York, USA. The population was 14,435 at the 2010 census; the town administers an area that includes two villages, one named Dryden and one named Freeville, as well as a number of hamlets. The town is on the county's eastern border, east of Ithaca, in the Finger Lakes region; the region was part of the Central New York Military Tract, land given as compensation to soldiers of the American Revolution. Robert Harpur, a Clerk in the office of the New York State Surveyor General who named numerous New York townships in 1790 based on his own classical studies, named Dryden for John Dryden, the English poet and a translator of the classics. Dryden was the translator of Plutarch’s work Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans, which Harpur sourced for many of the names in the Military Tract; the first settler arrived around 1797. The town of Dryden was established in 1803. In 1856, some areas in the far southwest part of Dryden were ceded to the growing village of Caroline, New York, created from the Town of Spencer in 1811.
In 2009, Dryden's Southworth Library sold an original manuscript of an Abraham Lincoln speech, delivered at the White House after his re-election. The document had been in the library's possession since 1926, it sold for $3.44 million, a record-high selling price for an American historical document at an auction. The Dryden District School No. 5 was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984, as was the Ellis Methodist Episcopal Church in 1993. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 94.2 square miles, of which, 93.9 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles of it is water. The east town line is the border of Cortland County, where it borders Virgil, New York and Harford, New York. Continuing clockwise, bordering towns are Caroline, New York, New York, New York, New York, Groton, New York. New York State Route 13 intersects New York State Route 38 at Dryden village. New York State Route 79 crosses the southwest part of the town, New York State Route 366 crosses the central part and intersects NY-38 in Freeville.
A small part of New York State Route 34B crosses the northwest corner of Dryden. Cascadilla Creek flows out the west side of Dryden, as does Fall Creek and, in the far southwest corner of the town, Six Mile Creek. Virgil Creek is a major tributary of Fall Creek, entering it in Freeville after passing through the village of Dryden; as of the census of 2010, there were 14,435 people, 6,016 households, 3,555 families residing in the town. The population density was 153.9 people per square mile. There were 6,418 housing units at an average density of 68.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 93.7% White, 4.2% Black or African American, 1.2% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population. There were 6,016 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.9% were non-families.
27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.85. In the town, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 21, 7.6% from 20 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 29.0% from 45 to 64, 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males. The median income for a household in the town was $60,514, the median income for a family was $72,596. Males had a median income of $46,587 versus $45,200 for females; the per capita income for the town was $30,866. About 4.4% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over. Of the population 25 years and over, 23.5% had a graduate or professional degree, 20.2% had a bachelor's degree, 9.1% had an associate's, 18.7% had matriculated at a college, 21.3% had a high-school diploma, 7.2% had not graduated from high school.
More than half of all housing units in the town were built between 1970 and 2000. Of the total housing stock, the median value was $155,800, the median monthly rent was $771. Bethel Grove – A hamlet on NY-79 in the southwest part of the town. Dryden – A village located on NY-13. Dryden Lake – A small lake near the east town line. Dryden Lake Wildlife Management Area – A conservation area by the east town line. Ellis – A hamlet in the southwest part of the town; the Ellis Methodist Episcopal Church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. Etna – A hamlet located near Ithaca. Freeville – A village located on NY-38. Hibbards Corners – A location in the western part of the town. Howland Corners – A location at the west town line on NY-34B. Lacy Corners – A hamlet north of Dryden village. Malloryville – A location in the northeast part of Dryden. Peruton – A location by the north town line. Red Mills – A hamlet northeast of Freeville. Smith Corners – A location at the west town line south of Howland Corners.
Varna – A hamlet located near the west town line on NY-366. West Dryden – A hamlet in the northwest part of Dryden; the West Dryden Methodist Episcopal Church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991. Willow Glen – A location west of Dryden village on NY-13. Town of Dryden
The Onondaga people are one of the original five constituent nations of the Iroquois Confederacy in northeast North America. Their traditional homeland is in and around present-day Onondaga County, New York, south of Lake Ontario, they are known as Gana’dagwëni:io’geh to the other Iroquois tribes. Being centrally located, they are considered the "Keepers of the Fire" in the figurative longhouse that shelters the Five Nations; the Cayuga and Seneca have territory to the Oneida and Mohawk to their east. For this reason, the League of the Iroquois met at the Iroquois government's capital at Onondaga, as the traditional chiefs do today. According to oral tradition, The Great Peacemaker approached the Onondaga and other tribes to found the Haudenosaunee; the tradition tells that at the time the Seneca nation debated joining the Haudenosaunee based on the Great Peacemaker's teachings, a solar eclipse took place. The most eclipse to be recounted was in 1142AD, visible to the people in the land of the Seneca.
This oral tradition is supported by archeological studies. Carbon dating of particular sites of Onondaga habitation shows dates starting close to 1200AD ± 60 years with growth for hundreds of years. In the American Revolutionary War, the Onondaga were at first neutral, although individual Onondaga warriors were involved in at least one raid on American settlements. After Americans attacked on their main village on April 20, 1779, the Onondaga sided with the majority of the League and fought against the American colonists in alliance with the British. After the United States was accorded independence, many Onondaga followed Joseph Brant to Upper Canada, where they were given land by the Crown at Six Nations. On November 11, 1794, the Onondaga Nation, along with the other Haudenosaunee nations, signed the Treaty of Canandaigua with the United States, in which their right to their homeland was acknowledged by the United States in article II of the treaty. In 1816, 450 Onondaga were living in New York.
The Onondaga in New York have a traditional form of government, with chiefs nominated by clan mothers, rather than elected. On March 11, 2005, the Onondaga Nation in the town of Onondaga, New York, filed a land rights action in federal court, seeking acknowledgment of title to over 3,000 square miles of ancestral lands centering in Syracuse, New York, they hoped to obtain increased influence over environmental restoration efforts at Onondaga Lake and other EPA Superfund sites in the claimed area. The Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit rejected the Onondagas' claim in 2012, the Supreme Court in 2013 declined to hear an appeal. Leon Shenandoah, Tadodaho Oren Lyons Tom Longboat Canassatego, Tadadaho of the Iroquois Confederacy Tadodaho Sidney Hill Samuel George, Lyle Thompson, Gail Tremblay Eric Gansworth Erik J. Sorensen Onondaga Nation south of Nedrow, New York outside Syracuse Onondaga of Ohswegen and Bearfoot Onondaga, both at Six Nations of the Grand River, Canada Onöñda'gega' Onondaga language Onontakeka Oneida language Onondagaono Seneca language Hiawatha Onondaga language HMCS Onondaga Oberon Class submarine Sainte-Marie among the Hurons John Arthur Gibson Onondaga Reservation, New York United States Census Bureau Onondaga Nation web page
Seneca County, New York
Seneca County is a county located in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 35,251; the primary county seat is Waterloo, moved there from the original county seat of Ovid in 1819. It became a two-shire county in 1822, which remains in effect, using both locations as county seats although the majority of Seneca County administrative offices are located in Waterloo. Therefore, most political sources only list Waterloo as the county seat; the county's name is from the Iroquois that occupied part of the region. Seneca County comprises the Seneca Falls, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Rochester-Batavia-Seneca Falls, NY Combined Statistical Area; the area covered by Seneca County straddles the prehistoric territories of both Seneca and Cayuga Nations of the Iroquois League. When counties were established by Europeans in New York in 1683, the present-day Seneca County was part of Albany County; this was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York as well as all of the present state of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean.
This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion; the eastern boundary of Tryon County was five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State; the county was named for colonial governor of New York. In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In the fall of 1779 on orders from commander-in-chief General George Washington the Sullivan Expedition conducted a scorched earth campaign against the Iroquois who sided with the Loyalists in the Revolutionary War.
Sullivan's path destroyed Seneca villages along the east shore of Seneca Lake. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor. In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County; the actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present Ontario County including the present Allegany, Chautauqua, Genesee, Monroe, Orleans, Wyoming and parts of Schuyler and Wayne counties. Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery County in 1791. Onondaga County was formed in 1794 by the splitting of Herkimer County. Cayuga County was formed in 1799 by the splitting of Onondaga County; this county was, much larger than the present Cayuga County. It included the present Seneca and Tompkins counties and part of Wayne County.
In 1804, Seneca County was formed by the splitting of Cayuga County. In 1817, Seneca County was reduced in size by combining portions of Seneca and the remainder of Cayuga County to form Tompkins County. Part of this territory, the current towns of Covert and Lodi, were returned to Seneca County in 1819; the original county seat of Seneca County was located in Ovid, where a court house was constructed in 1806. After southern portions of the county were removed in 1817 to become part of Tompkins County, the seat was moved to Waterloo as the village was more geographically centered at the time. In 1823, northern portions of the county were removed to form part of Wayne County; this put Waterloo in the same situation as Ovid with being on one end of Seneca County. A compromise was made to use both locations as county seats, it included the constitution of two county courts and jury districts under Chapter 137 of the New York State Laws of 1822. In 1895, the Seneca County Board of Supervisors voted to abolish the setup of two jury districts.
It voted to remove the two-shire county system in 1921, making Waterloo the only county seat, but was reinstated two years later. At least once a year, the County Board of Supervisors holds its monthly meeting in Ovid to maintain the two-shire status. In 1823, Seneca County was reduced in size by combining portions of Seneca and Ontario counties to form Wayne County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 390 square miles, of which 324 square miles is land and 67 square miles is water. Seneca County is in the western part of New York in the Finger Lakes Region, bounded on the east by Cayuga Lake and on the west by Seneca Lake; the Finger Lakes National Forest is in the south part of the county. Both the New York State Thruway and the Erie Canal cross the northern part of the county; the former Seneca Army Depot occupies a portion of land between Seneca Lakes. The Willard Drug Treatment Center and Five Points Correctional Facility are two New York State prisons located in the county.
Sampson State Park is located next to the former Army base. Wayne County - north Cayuga County - east Tompkins County - southeast Schuyler County - south Yates County - southwest Ontario County - west Interstate 90 U. S. Route 20 New York State Route 5 New Y
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the Italian city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire. The civilization began as an Italic settlement in the Italian Peninsula, conventionally founded in 753 BC, that grew into the city of Rome and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed; the Roman Empire expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world, though still ruled from the city, with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants and covering 5.0 million square kilometres at its height in AD 117. In its many centuries of existence, the Roman state evolved from a monarchy to a classical republic and to an autocratic semi-elective empire. Through conquest and assimilation, it dominated the North African coast and most of Western Europe, the Balkans and much of the Middle East.
It is grouped into classical antiquity together with ancient Greece, their similar cultures and societies are known as the Greco-Roman world. Ancient Roman civilisation has contributed to modern language, society, law, government, art, literature and engineering. Rome professionalised and expanded its military and created a system of government called res publica, the inspiration for modern republics such as the United States and France, it achieved impressive technological and architectural feats, such as the construction of an extensive system of aqueducts and roads, as well as the construction of large monuments and public facilities. The Punic Wars with Carthage were decisive in establishing Rome as a world power. In this series of wars Rome gained control of the strategic islands of Corsica and Sicily. By the end of the Republic, Rome had conquered the lands around the Mediterranean and beyond: its domain extended from the Atlantic to Arabia and from the mouth of the Rhine to North Africa.
The Roman Empire emerged with the dictatorship of Augustus Caesar. 721 years of Roman–Persian Wars started in 92 BC with their first war against Parthia. It would become the longest conflict in human history, have major lasting effects and consequences for both empires. Under Trajan, the Empire reached its territorial peak, it stretched from the entire Mediterranean Basin to the beaches of the North Sea in the north, to the shores of the Red and Caspian Seas in the East. Republican mores and traditions started to decline during the imperial period, with civil wars becoming a prelude common to the rise of a new emperor. Splinter states, such as the Palmyrene Empire, would temporarily divide the Empire during the crisis of the 3rd century. Plagued by internal instability and attacked by various migrating peoples, the western part of the empire broke up into independent "barbarian" kingdoms in the 5th century; this splintering is a landmark historians use to divide the ancient period of universal history from the pre-medieval "Dark Ages" of Europe.
The eastern part of the empire endured through the 5th century and remained a power throughout the "Dark Ages" and medieval times until its fall in 1453 AD. Although the citizens of the empire made no distinction, the empire is most referred to as the "Byzantine Empire" by modern historians during the Middle Ages to differentiate between the state of antiquity and the nation it grew into. According to the founding myth of Rome, the city was founded on 21 April 753 BC on the banks of the river Tiber in central Italy, by the twin brothers Romulus and Remus, who descended from the Trojan prince Aeneas, who were grandsons of the Latin King Numitor of Alba Longa. King Numitor was deposed by his brother, while Numitor's daughter, Rhea Silvia, gave birth to the twins. Since Rhea Silvia had been raped and impregnated by Mars, the Roman god of war, the twins were considered half-divine; the new king, feared Romulus and Remus would take back the throne, so he ordered them to be drowned. A she-wolf saved and raised them, when they were old enough, they returned the throne of Alba Longa to Numitor.
The twins founded their own city, but Romulus killed Remus in a quarrel over the location of the Roman Kingdom, though some sources state the quarrel was about, going to rule or give his name to the city. Romulus became the source of the city's name. In order to attract people to the city, Rome became a sanctuary for the indigent and unwanted; this caused a problem, in that Rome was bereft of women. Romulus visited neighboring towns and tribes and attempted to secure marriage rights, but as Rome was so full of undesirables he was refused. Legend says that the Latins invited the Sabines to a festival and stole their unmarried maidens, leading to the integration of the Latins with the Sabines. Another legend, recorded by Greek historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus, says that Prince Aeneas led a group of Trojans on a sea voyage to found a new Troy, since the original was destroyed at the end of the Trojan War. After a long time in rough seas, they landed on the banks of the Tiber River. Not long after they landed, the men wanted to take to the sea again, but the women who were traveling with them did not want to leave.
One woman, named Roma, suggested that the women burn the ships out at sea to prevent their leaving
Wayne County, New York
Wayne County is a county in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 93,772; the county seat is Lyons. The name honors an American Revolutionary War hero and American statesman. Wayne County is less than 50 miles west of, is in the same Congressional District as, Syracuse. Wayne County has been considered to be part of the Rochester, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area and lies on the south shore of Lake Ontario, forming part of the northern border of the United States with Canada, its location during the early westward expansion of the United States, on an international border and in a fertile farming region, has contributed to a rich cultural and economic history. Two world religions sprung from within its borders, its inhabitants played important roles in abolitionism in the years leading up to the American Civil War. Nineteenth century War of 1812 skirmishes, Great Lakes sailing ship commerce and Erie Canal barge traffic have yielded to contemporary recognition as one of the world's most productive fruit growing regions.
Wayne County ranks as New York's top apple producing county. Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the land Wayne County encompasses was part of the Iroquois Confederacy, which had existed from around August 31, 1142; when counties were established in New York State on November 1, 1683, it became part of Albany County. On April 11, 1823, Wayne County was formed by combining portions of Ontario counties; the first settlers of European extraction came to the region located along the Ganargua River, just west of present-day Palmyra. In 1788 the area became part of the Phelps and Gorham Purchase, a 6,000,000 acres tract of land sold to Oliver Phelps and Nathaniel Gorham by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Sir William Pulteney, a British baronet and English land speculator, along with his partners in the Pulteney Association, purchased a 1,000,000 acres of the former Phelps and Gorham Purchase in 1790; the first westward road was one coming from near Utica to Geneva, with the building of the Cayuga Bridge in 1800, was the road chosen by nearly all of the westward travelers.
This highway left the future Wayne County region somewhat isolated and settlers desiring to locate there came by way of streams and lakes lying to the north of the road. It was only a few years after that the "new road" came west, passing through the county, opening up the fertile Ganargua lands to easier settlement; the first permanent settlement was started by John Swift and Col. John Jenkins in March 1789, about two miles from Palmyra. In May of that year a small colony made up of the Stansell and Featherly families located at the junction of Ganargwa and the Canandaigua Outlet, calling the place Lyons, from a "fancied likeness of that city's location on the Rhone". While Phelps and Gorham sold some land to settlers, they were unable to make payments on their land and much of the land in the Phelps Gorham purchase either reverted to Massachusetts and was resold or conveyed directly to Robert Morris, a major financier of the Revolutionary War and signer of the US Declaration of Independence.
In 1792, he in turn sold 1,200,000 acres to The Pulteney Association owned by Sir William Pulteney and two other minor partners. The Pulteney Purchase, or the Genesee Tract as it was known, comprised all of the present-day counties of Ontario and Yates, as well as portions of Allegany, Monroe and Wayne. After Pulteney's death in 1805 the land was known as the Pulteney Estate. Sir William Pulteney selected Charles Williamson as land agent to develop the purchased 1,200,000 acres. In 1792, Williamson, a Scotsman, came to the unsettled wilderness in upstate New York to develop the land by building roads, selecting sites for towns, dividing land into lots, building gristmills, taverns and houses. Williamson selected Sodus Bay on Lake Ontario as the point for a future commercial center, with the idea that the lake and the Saint Lawrence River would be the outlet for the products of the region. In 1794 he had roads built from Palmyra to Phelpstown. Sodus was surveyed by Joseph Colt in lots of a quarter acre, a hotel was built, $20,000 was expended in the first two years in improvements.
Sodus passed from having an uncertain future to the head of the towns of the region. Two small skirmishes were fought in the county during the War of 1812: one in Sodus in June 1813, the other in Williamson a year later. In May 1814, British troops under the command of Sir James Yeo landed in the Williamson hamlet of Pultneyville. Yeo's fleet had successfully raided Oswego to the east and unsuccessfully attacked Rochester to the west before attempting to obtain stores from Pultneyville. An agreement with the hamlet's residents was made, permitting the invaders to seize supplies without resistance. A dispute broke out and weapons fire began on both sides, including cannon bombardment from Lake Ontario. A few citizens were killed or wounded and two were taken prisoner as the British fled; until the opening of the Erie Canal in 1823, New York, at the mouth of Salmon Creek, was Wayne County's only port. From about 1811 through the 1890s, shipping in this small hamlet extended to the Atlantic Ocean and the world via the Saint Lawrence River.
During the early years of the 19th century, activity in Pultneyville focused on agricultural commerce from the surrounding region and the maritime trade on the Great Lakes. In 1865, it was home to nearly 30 lake captains, many sailors from both Pultneyville and Sodus Bay crewed on whalers around the world. In 1874 the first railroad appeared when the Lake Shore Railr
Massachusetts the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, New York to the west; the state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area, is one of the original thirteen states. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, the most populous city in New England. Over 80% of Massachusetts's population lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history and industry. Dependent on agriculture and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, higher education and maritime trade. Plymouth was the site of the second colony in New England after Popham Colony in 1607 in what is now Maine.
Plymouth was founded in 1620 by passengers of the Mayflower. In 1692, the town of Salem and surrounding areas experienced one of America's most infamous cases of mass hysteria, the Salem witch trials. In 1777, General Henry Knox founded the Springfield Armory, which during the Industrial Revolution catalyzed numerous important technological advances, including interchangeable parts. In 1786, Shays' Rebellion, a populist revolt led by disaffected American Revolutionary War veterans, influenced the United States Constitutional Convention. In the 18th century, the Protestant First Great Awakening, which swept the Atlantic World, originated from the pulpit of Northampton preacher Jonathan Edwards. In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" for the agitation there that led to the American Revolution; the entire Commonwealth of Massachusetts has played a powerful commercial and cultural role in the history of the United States. Before the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center for the abolitionist and transcendentalist movements.
In the late 19th century, the sports of basketball and volleyball were invented in the western Massachusetts cities of Springfield and Holyoke, respectively. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U. S. state to recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the decision in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Many prominent American political dynasties have hailed from the state, including the Adams and Kennedy families. Harvard University in Cambridge is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, with the largest financial endowment of any university, Harvard Law School has educated a contemporaneous majority of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in reference to the high concentration of entrepreneurial start-ups and quality of innovation which have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010. Both Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, have been ranked among the most regarded academic institutions in the world.
Massachusetts' public-school students place among the top tier in the world in academic performance, the state has been ranked as one of the top states in the United States for citizens to live in, as well as one of the most expensive. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was named after the indigenous population, the Massachusett derived from a Wôpanâak word muswach8sut, segmented as mus "big" + wach8 "mountain" + -s "diminutive" + -ut "locative", it has been translated as "near the great hill", "by the blue hills", "at the little big hill", or "at the range of hills", referring to the Blue Hills, or in particular the Great Blue Hill, located on the boundary of Milton and Canton. Alternatively, Massachusett has been represented as Moswetuset—from the name of the Moswetuset Hummock in Quincy, where Plymouth Colony commander Myles Standish, hired English military officer, Squanto, part of the now disappeared Patuxet band of the Wampanoag peoples, met Chief Chickatawbut in 1621; the official name of the state is the "Commonwealth of Massachusetts".
While this designation is part of the state's official name, it has no practical implications. Massachusetts has powers within the United States as other states, it may have been chosen by John Adams for the second draft of the Massachusetts Constitution because unlike the word "state", "commonwealth" at the time had the connotation of a republic, in contrast to the monarchy the former American colonies were fighting against. Massachusetts was inhabited by tribes of the Algonquian language family such as the Wampanoag, Nipmuc, Pocomtuc and Massachusett. While cultivation of crops like squash and corn supplemented their diets, these tribes were dependent on hunting and fishing for most of their food. Villages consisted of lodges called wigwams as well as longhouses, tribes were led by male or female elders known as sachems. In the early 1600s, after contact had been made with Europeans, large numbers of the indigenous peoples in the northeast of what is now the United States were killed by virgin soil epidemics such as smallpox, measles and leptospirosis.
Between 1617 and 1619, smallpox killed ap
Brutus, New York
Brutus is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The population was 4,464 at the 2010 census, it is the most populous town in the county. The name was assigned by a clerk interested in the classics; the town is west of Syracuse. Brutus was within the Central New York Military Tract; the town was established in 1802 from the town of Aurelius. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.5 square miles, of which 22.1 square miles is land and 0.39 square miles, or 1.75%, is water. The east town line is the border of Onondaga County, the north town line is defined by the Seneca River/Erie Canal; the New York State Thruway passes along the northern part of the town, with access from Exit 40. East-west New York State Route 31 intersects north-south New York State Route 34 in Weedsport; as of the census of 2000, there were 4,777 people, 1,793 households, 1,296 families residing in the town. The population density was 215.8 people per square mile. There were 1,956 housing units at an average density of 88.3 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 97.74% White, 0.36% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.06% from other races, 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population. There were 1,793 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.7% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.07. In the town, the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $38,601, the median income for a family was $43,203.
Males had a median income of $31,769 versus $23,934 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,124. About 6.8% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over. Centerport – a hamlet on the west town line on NY-31. North Weedsport – A hamlet north of Weedsport and the Thruway on NY-34. Weedsport – The village of Weedsport, with about 40% of the town's total population, is in the northern part of the town on NY-31 and NY-34. Town of Brutus official website