Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
Allegheny County is a county in the southwest of the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of 2017 the population was 1,223,048, making it the state's second-most populous county, following Philadelphia County; the county seat is Pittsburgh. Allegheny County is included in the Pittsburgh, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, in the Pittsburgh Designated Market Area. Allegheny was Pennsylvania's first to bear a Native American name, being named after the Allegheny River; the word "Allegheny" is with uncertain meaning. It is said to mean "fine river", but sometimes said to refer to an ancient mythical tribe called "Allegewi" that lived along the river before being destroyed by the Lenape. Little is known of the region's inhabitants prior to European contact. During the colonial era, various native groups claimed or settled in the area, resulting in a multi-ethnic mix that included Iroquois, Lenape and Mingo. European fur traders such as Peter Chartier established trading posts in the region in the early eighteenth century.
In 1749, Captain Pierre Joseph Céloron de Blainville claimed the Ohio Valley and all of western Pennsylvania for Louis XV of France. The captain traveled along the Ohio and Allegheny rivers inserting lead plates in the ground to mark the land for France. Since most of the towns during that era were developed along waterways, both the French and the British desired control over the local rivers. Therefore, the British sent Major George Washington to expel the French from their posts, with no success. Failing in this objective, he nearly drowned in the ice-filled Allegheny River while returning; the English tried in 1754 to again enter the area. They sent 41 Virginians to build Fort Prince George; the French learned of the plan and sent an army to capture the fort, which they resumed building with increased fortification, renaming it Fort Duquesne. The loss cost the English dearly because Fort Duquesne became a focal point of the French and Indian War; the first attempt to retake the fort, the Braddock Expedition, failed miserably.
It was recaptured in 1758 by British forces under General John Forbes. The British built a new, larger fort on the site, including a moat, named it Fort Pitt; the site is now Pittsburgh's Point State Park. Both Pennsylvania and Virginia claimed the region, now Allegheny County. Pennsylvania administered most of the region as part of its Westmoreland County. Virginia considered everything south of the Ohio River and east of the Allegheny River to be part of its Yohogania County and governed it from Fort Dunmore. In addition, parts of the county were located in the proposed British colony of Vandalia and the proposed U. S. state of Westsylvania. The overlapping boundaries, multiple governments, confused deed claims soon proved unworkable. In 1780 Pennsylvania and Virginia agreed to extend the Mason–Dixon line westward, the region became part of Pennsylvania. From 1781 until 1788, much of what had been claimed as part of Yohogania County, was administered as a part of the newly created Washington County, Pennsylvania.
Allegheny County was created on September 24, 1788, from parts of Washington and Westmoreland counties. It was formed due to pressure from settlers living in the area around Pittsburgh, which became the county seat in 1791; the county extended north to the shores of Lake Erie. In the 1790s, a whiskey excise tax was imposed by the United States federal government; this started the so-called Whiskey Rebellion when the farmers who depended on whiskey income refused to pay and drove off tax collector John Neville. After a series of demonstrations by farmers, President George Washington sent troops to stop the rebellion; the area developed in the 1800s to become the nation's prime steel producer. In 1913 the County's 125th anniversary was celebrated with a week long chain of events, the final day September 27 was marked with a steamboat parade consisting of 30 paddle wheelers which sailed from Monongahela Wharf down the Ohio to the Davis Island Dam; the boats in line were the flag ship. Woodward, Volunteer, A. R. Budd, J. C.
Risher, Rival, Jim Brown, Charlie Clarke, Robt. J. Jenkins, Bertha, Midland Sam Barnum, Cadet and Troubadour. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 745 square miles, of which 730 square miles is land and 14 square miles is water. Three majors traverse Allegheny County: the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River converge at Downtown Pittsburgh to form the Ohio River; the Youghiogheny River flows into the Monongahela River at McKeesport, 10 miles southeast. There are several islands in these courses; the rivers drain into the Gulf of Mexico via the Mississippi River. Although the county's industrial growth caused the clearcutting of the area's forests, a significant woodland remains. Butler County Armstrong County Beaver County Westmoreland County Washington County Until January 1, 2000, Allegheny County's government was defined under Pennsylvania's Second Class County Code; the county government was charged with all local activities, including elections, airports, public health, city planning.
All public offices were headed by elected citizens. There were three elected county commissioners. On January 1, 2000 the Home-Rule Charter went into effect, it replaced the three elected commissioners wi
Allegheny Center (Pittsburgh)
Allegheny Center is a neighborhood on Pittsburgh's North Side. Its zip code is 15212, it has representation on Pittsburgh City Council by both council members for District 6 and District 1. In 1783, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania established a 3000-acre tract of land north of where the Allegheny River merged with the Ohio River. John Redick created an initial town plan for Allegheny City- which featured 36 city blocks surrounded by a common grazing area - the following year; that initial 36-block area is today's Allegheny Center. It is still surrounded on three sides by the former grazing area, now a public park called Allegheny Commons. On either side of this park are the neighborhoods of Allegheny West and East Allegheny; because Allegheny City was intended by the Pennsylvania Legislature to serve as the county seat of Allegheny County, the central blocks of Redick's 36-block plan were designed for public uses, including a market house and post office. The main thoroughfare was East Ohio Street, which stretched from Allegheny West through Allegheny Center and to Allegheny East and beyond.
From the 19th century to 1907, Allegheny Center was thus the hub of downtown Allegheny City. The Children's Museum of Pittsburgh is located within it, as is the old Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny. Allegheny Center is home to the National Aviary, situated within West Park. After 1907, this area continued to be a hub for those residents of what was now Pittsburgh's North Side, but the area deteriorated as: 1) Allegheny's wealthiest residents, who had founded Allegheny Country Club in 1895, moved the club to Sewickley in 1902 and began moving their residences along with it. As one example of the trend, the landmark Boggs & Buhl department store, which had done a thriving business among Allegheny City's wealthy residents lost money after 1931 and was closed in 1958. In the 1950s, community leaders discussed how to revitalize the historic hub of Allegheny City and established a modern plan for Allegheny Center. Designed by architects Deeter & Ritchey, it involved a $65 million project by Inc..
The construction project razed about 518 buildings - many of them taken by eminent domain - to make way for 2 professional buildings, 4 apartment complexes totaling 840 units, 50 townhouses, a shopping mall, a 3-acre public square. The public square was the object of an international design competition sponsored by the Pittsburgh Urban Redevelopment Authority; the entire Allegheny Redevelopment Area encompasses 79 acres on the North Side, about a half-mile from downtown Pittsburgh. The project converted what had been an open, walkable business district into an enclosed mall called Allegheny Center Mall that had few pedestrian entrances and sat above an underground parking garage; the central portion of East Ohio Street was closed, drivers were forced to take a new ring road around the mall and the other blocks of Redick's initial plan to proceed east or west. The mall, opened in 1965 and anchored by Sears, F. W. Woolworth Company, Zayre, had some initial success, but it did not revive the business fortunes of Allegheny City, which continued to decline after Interstate 279 allowed area residents to drive to the northern suburbs to shop.
The mall's stores began closing in the 1990s, the mall became a successful office complex. At present, the 36-block area planned by John Redick consists of the Allegheny Center Mall - now an office complex - and several public structures including the Children's Museum of Pittsburgh. While there are several businesses that serve the office workers in the former mall, most business activity exists in the adjacent neighborhoods of Allegheny West and East Allegheny. A former business district along North Avenue in Central Northside, which deteriorated along with Allegheny Center, may be reviving. Allegheny West Central Northside East Allegheny North Shore List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Toker, Franklin. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. Allegheny Center Children's Museum of Pittsburgh history History of the Buhl Planetarium
Stockard Channing is an American actress. She is known for playing Betty Rizzo in the film Grease and First Lady Abbey Bartlet on the NBC television series The West Wing, she is known for originating the role of Ouisa Kittredge in the stage and film versions of Six Degrees of Separation, for which she was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play and the Academy Award for Best Actress. A 13-time Primetime Emmy Award nominee and seven-time Tony Award nominee, she won the 1985 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for the Broadway revival of A Day in the Death of Joe Egg, won Emmy Awards for The West Wing and The Matthew Shepard Story, both in 2002, she won a Daytime Emmy Award in 2004 for her role in Jack. Her film appearances include The Fortune, The Big Bus, The Cheap Detective, Heartburn, Up Close & Personal, Practical Magic, Woody Allen's Anything Else, she played the recurring role of Veronica Loy on the CBS drama The Good Wife. Channing was born in Manhattan, the daughter of Mary Alice, who came from a large Brooklyn Irish Catholic family, Lester Napier Stockard, in the shipping business.
Her sister is former mayor of Palm Beach, Florida. She grew up on the Upper East Side. Channing is an alumna of the Madeira School in McLean, Virginia, a boarding school for girls, which she attended after starting out at the Chapin School in New York City, she studied History and Literature at Radcliffe College in Massachusetts and graduated summa cum laude in 1965. She received her acting training at HB Studio in New York City. Channing started her acting career with the experimental Theatre Company of Boston, she performed in a revival of Arsenic and Old Lace directed by Theodore Mann as part of the Circle in the Square at Ford's Theatre program in 1970. In 1971, she made her Broadway debut in Two Gentlemen of Verona — The Musical, working with playwright John Guare, she appeared on Broadway in 1973 in a supporting role in No Hard Feelings at the Martin Beck TheatreChanning made her television debut on Sesame Street in the role of The Number Painter's female victim. She landed her first leading role in the 1973 television movie The Girl Most Likely to... a black comedy written by Joan Rivers about an ugly duckling woman made newly beautiful by plastic surgery after an auto accident vows murderous revenge on all who had scorned her.
For the role, Channing went through considerable transformation, with the syndicated column "TV Scout" reporting months "It was a great make-up job — at least the part that made pretty Stockard look so ugly. She had her cheeks puffed out with cotton and her nose was wadded, too, to make it thick and off-center. Thick eyebrows were drawn on her face and she wore padded clothes to make her look fat. Making her look beautiful was easy." The TV movie has gone on to enjoy cult status, becoming available on DVD in 2005. After a few small parts in feature films, Channing co-starred with Warren Beatty and Jack Nicholson in Mike Nichols' The Fortune. Despite Channing being tagged "the next big thing" in cinema, the actress herself considering this some of the best work of her career, the movie did poorly at the box office, did not prove to be the break-through role Channing hoped it would be. On May 22, 1977, along with Ned Beatty, starred in the pilot for the short-lived TV series Lucan. Lucan, played by Kevin Brophy, is a 20-year-old who has spent the first 10 years of his life running wild in the forest.
After being raised by wolves, Lucan strikes out on his own in search of his identity. In 1977, at the age of 33, Channing was cast for the role of high school teenager Betty Rizzo in the hit musical Grease; the film was released in 1978 and her performance earned her the People's Choice Award for Favorite Motion Picture Supporting Actress. In addition, during the second half of the 1970s Channing played a mischievous car thief in Jerry Schatzberg's 1976 dramedy Sweet Revenge, Joseph Bologna's love interest in the disaster film spoof The Big Bus, Peter Falk's secretary in the 1978 Neil Simon film The Cheap Detective, real-life deaf stuntwoman and female land speed record holder Kitty O'Neil in the TV movie Silent Victory: The Kitty O'Neil Story. Channing starred in two short-lived sitcoms on CBS in 1979 and 1980: Stockard Channing in Just Friends and The Stockard Channing Show. In both shows, she co-starred with actress Sydney Goldsmith; when her Hollywood career faltered after these failures, Channing returned to her theatre roots.
She continued to appear in movies in supporting roles, including 1983's Without a Trace, Mike Nichols' 1986 Heartburn, The Men's Club, A Time of Destiny, Staying Together Channing played the female lead in the Broadway show, They're Playing Our Song. Channing took the part of the mother in the 1981 Long Wharf Theater production of Peter Nichols' A Day in the Death of Joe Egg, she reprised the role in the Roundabout Theater Company production, first Off-Broadway in January 1985 and on Broadway in March 1985, won the 1985 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play. Chan
Aberlie House at 122-124 East North Avenue in the Central Northside neighborhood of Pittsburgh, was built circa 1880. It was added to the List of City of Pittsburgh historic designations on February 13, 2001
East Allegheny (Pittsburgh)
East Allegheny known as Deutschtown, is a neighborhood on Pittsburgh's North Side. It has a ZIP Code of 15212, has representation on Pittsburgh City Council by the council member for District 1; the Pittsburgh Bureau of Fire houses 32 32 Truck in Deutschtown. In 1783, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania established a 3000-acre tract of land north of where the Allegheny River merged with the Ohio River. John Redick created an initial town plan for Allegheny City – which featured 36 city blocks surrounded by a common grazing area – the following year; the common grazing area became a park now known as Allegheny Commons, the area just east of the park –, set aside for farming in Redick's initial plan – is today's East Allegheny. This area was developed between 1850 and 1900 by immigrants who were exclusively German; as a result, the area was called a mispronunciation of Deutschtown. Its residents created a business district on East Ohio Street and a residential district running south of it, from Cedar Street to Troy Hill.
These buildings were solidly built. In 1984, this area was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Deutschtown Historic District; the nominating petition noted that "Dutchtown is distinguished from neighboring North Side neighborhoods by its ethnic associations and intense feeling of neighborhood solidarity. It retains the busiest original commercial district left on the North Side since the development of Allegheny Center in the 1960's." The area is a City of Pittsburgh Historic District. Construction of Interstate 279 sliced the neighborhood in half, such that there is now a West Deutschtown and an East Deutschtown. Both sections of the neighborhood suffered as a result of the Interstate's construction: some residents moved, their homes were rented by absentee landlords to low-income tenants, the area saw a general lack of investment. However, neighborhood activists established the East Allegheny Community Council and restored the neighborhood the western portion. East Allegheny is composed of "East Deutschtown," an area, bounded by East Street, East Ohio Street, Goehring Street and Vinial Streets, "West Deutschtown," which extends from Cedar Avenue to East Street and from the Norfolk Southern Mainline to Dunloe Street.
Surrounding neighborhoods include Allegheny Center, Troy Hill, Spring Hill, Spring Garden. City buses that connect East Allegheny and downtown include 500, 16B, 16F, 1D, 1F, 6A and 12A. 54C connects East Allegheny with Oakland, the city's academic center. The neighborhood citizens group is the East Allegheny Community Council; the organization offers a self-guided walking tour for the neighborhood. List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Toker, Franklin. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. Deutschtown Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map East Allegheny Community Council Deutschtown pictures North City News
Perry South (Pittsburgh)
Perry South is a neighborhood on Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's North Side. The neighborhood takes its name from Perrysville Avenue, which "was a part of the Venango trail, an Indian path leading north of'Allegheny Town'. Commodore Perry used the Trail to carry supplies from Pittsburgh to Erie for his lake battle against the British during the War of 1812." Perrysville Avenue is an extension of Federal Street, the main north-south thoroughfare of old Allegheny City. Federal Street ends, Perrysville Avenue begins, where the flat river plain gives way to a steep hill. Perry South is thus a hilltop neighborhood that runs along Perrysville Avenue from the river plain to Riverview Park; the hill on which the neighborhood is built provides natural borders to the west, to the east, to the south. The neighborhood was developed as a streetcar suburb, so it consists exclusively of residential housing, with a small business district at the intersection of Perrysville Avenue and Charles Avenue, it experienced white flight after 1960: from 1960 to 1970, the neighborhood's total population declined from 16,000 people to 13,000, while its African-American population, located exclusively in the Charles Street valley, increased from 15% to 20%.
From 1970 to 2000, the total population decreased to just 5,200 people, of whom 65% were African-American. Current residents have formed the Perry South Citizens Council in an effort to prevent decay and to improve the neighborhood's business district; the southwestern corner of the neighborhood was once called Pleasant Valley, a small area, once considered to be a neighborhood in its own right. A 1977 report about Pleasant Valley states that "Pleasant Valley was known as Snyder's Hollow and its stream was a favorite ice skating spot; the neighborhood was settled by Germans, Irish and Poles. Josh Gibson, Hall of Fame catcher for the Homestead Grays, a Negro National League team of the 1920s, lived there." Pleasant Valley consists of rowhouses which were built by the owners of the Pleasant Valley Street Railway - which operated the streetcars that first allowed Perry South to be developed. A series of these rowhouses, on Brightridge Street, have been listed with the National Register of Historic Places.
Perry South has seven borders with the Pittsburgh neighborhoods of Perry North to the north, Northview Heights to the northeast, Spring Hill-City View to the east, Fineview to the southeast, Central North Side to the south, California-Kirkbride to the southwest, Marshall-Shadeland from the west to the north-northwest. List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map